• Most Topular Stories

  • Volcanoes: How they work, what they do

    The Why Files
    13 Nov 2014 | 7:51 am
    Volcanoes: How they work; what they do The slow burn in Hawaii: Lava from a lobe in the forest below the P?hoa, Hi., cemetery burst past a property-line fence on Fri., Oct 31, 2014. Photo: USGS/HVO Rock is flowing once again on Hawaii’s big island, where geologic change is not a matter of centuries and millennia, but rather of hours and days. Every square inch of these Hawaiian islands owes its existence to a hot spot that conduits molten rock from deep inside Earth to the surface. Pelé, the god of the volcano, is a hungry god, and as volcano Kilauea oozes red-hot rock, the village of…
  • Wankers and prankers on the suicide hotline

    Mind Hacks
    23 Nov 2014 | 4:32 am
    The New York Magazine‘s new Science of Us section has an interesting review of a new documentary on hotlines – whether they be for suicide support or phone sex. I was initially annoyed at the fact that the documentary puts both of these in the same category but it’s based on the interesting premise that hotlines – whether for mental health, sex or supporting members of a particular marginalised community – often involve the common component of lonely people reaching out to connect with a stranger, briefly, through conversation. I don’t know how good the…
  • Is breast best?

    David Bradley
    5 Nov 2014 | 6:43 am
    Is it oversharing to tell you I wasn’t breastfed as an infant? Tough. I don’t feel that being bottlefed formula milk did me any harm. Breastfeeding is natural but it’s not always possible for new mothers and the push from the healthcare workers for breast is best waxes and wanes as any social fashion. There is a lot of guilt poured on mothers who (a) choose to breast feed their infant (b) choose not to breast feed their infant (c) cannot breast feed their infant. Take your pick, there’s guilt from every angle. If it’s physiologically possible it should be every…
  • Total white out: Snowshoe hares vs global warming

    New Scientist - Online news
    23 Nov 2014 | 12:00 pm
    Removing their white winter coat once kept snowshoe hares hidden in spring, but as the snows melt earlier, they are increasingly exposed. Can they fight back? (full text available to subscribers)
  • This Man Took Some Old, Trashed Cardboard And Built A Giant Millennium Falcon

    Tommylandz ツ™
    Tommylandz ツ™
    21 Nov 2014 | 12:53 pm
    "A Reddit user posted his project of epic proportions. He built a huge, detailed model of the Millennium Falcon from Star Wars and the results rocked!" The post This Man Took Some Old, Trashed... [[ This is a content summary only. Visit my website for full links, other content, and more! ]]
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  • Day care moves can be tough on kids

    Dave Shaw-UNC
    24 Nov 2014 | 3:02 am
    A study of more than 1,300 young children finds that shifting from one day care setting to another can have a negative effect on a child’s ability to make social connections by the time they’re in kindergarten. However, the researchers found no evidence that a change in teachers has any lasting negative effects. “Our findings showed that when young children moved between child care settings, these transitions negatively affected their social adjustment,” says Mary Bratsch-Hines, investigator with the Frank Porter Graham Child Development Institute at University of…
  • ‘Nanoreactor’ works like a virtual chemistry set

    Bjorn Carey-Stanford
    21 Nov 2014 | 10:52 am
    In 1952, a famous experiment mixed together chemicals that were present early in Earth’s history, then approximately replicated the environmental conditions on the planet at that time. The goal was to see if biologically relevant organic molecules would form spontaneously. That work, the Urey-Miller experiment, produced more than 20 molecules that are important to life, but a team of chemists thinks it can do one step better. The group has built a computer model that can not only determine all the possible products of the Urey-Miller experiment, but also detail all the possible chemical…
  • Loss of elephants (and their poop) devastates forests

    Gigi Marino-Florida
    21 Nov 2014 | 9:37 am
    Elephants in Thailand have traditionally been hunted, mostly for fabled properties of their organs, teeth, and tusks. But a new study shows that overhunting has been disastrous for their tropical forest habitats. Elephants disperse lots of seeds across the forest. The dramatic loss of elephants increases the probability of tree extinction by more than tenfold over a 100-year period—a process that will likely cascade to other kinds of forest life, researchers predict. Related Articles On FuturityWashington University in St. LouisTurtles: Little change in 210 million yearsUniversity of…
  • Long, bad marriages really do break hearts

    Andy Henion-Michigan State
    21 Nov 2014 | 8:56 am
    Older people in bad marriages, particularly women, have a higher risk of heart disease, report researchers. The findings suggest the need for marriage counseling and programs aimed at promoting marital quality and well-being for couples into their 70s and 80s, says lead investigator Hui Liu, associate professor of sociology at Michigan State University. Related Articles On FuturityUniversity of ArizonaWhy being nice can backfire on a bad dayUniversity of WashingtonAbstinence changes how men define 'manly'Syracuse UniversityFew female athletes get endorsement deals “Marriage counseling…
  • Safe laser treats macular degeneration

    David Scott-Melbourne
    21 Nov 2014 | 8:51 am
    A new, low energy laser safely treats patients with early age-related macular degeneration (AMD) without damaging the retina. In the early stages, AMD is characterized by the presence of small fatty deposits called drusen and thickening in a membrane at the back of the eye. “These findings suggest treating people with AMD with this new nanosecond laser reduces signs of the disease, ” says Erica Fletcher, associate professor of anatomy and neuroscience at the University of Melbourne. Related Articles On FuturityJohns Hopkins UniversityNeurons handle sensory data in orderCornell…
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    Science 2.0

  • Big Data Could Be A Big Problem For Workplace Discrimination Law

    The Conversation
    23 Nov 2014 | 3:19 pm
    What if whether you got a job was determined by which web browser you used? ShutterstockBy Mark Burdon, The University of Queensland and Paul Harpur, The University of QueenslandStaff recruitment and retention are an ongoing challenge for employers. Proponents of big data in the workplace are now claiming they can change that. read more
  • Education: Stop New Age Thinking, Chalk And Talk Might Be The Best Way After All

    The Conversation
    23 Nov 2014 | 1:57 pm
    read more
  • GEDi: Genetic Test For Inherited Eye Disease Highly Accurate

    News Staff
    23 Nov 2014 | 10:43 am
    The retina is the neural tissue in the back of the eye that initiates vision. It is responsible for receiving light signals and converting them into neurologic signals, which are then transmitted via the optic nerve to the brain so that we can see. Mutations that disrupt vision by damaging the retina and optic nerve have been identified in more than 200 genes. This genetic diversity made genetic diagnostic testing difficult until the recent development of high throughput genomic techniques. read more
  • Stachys Caroliniana: Rare New Species Of Plant Discovered

    News Staff
    23 Nov 2014 | 8:20 am
    Sometimes you don't need to travel to the unexplored corners of the globe to discover a new species of plant. Sometimes they can be really close to home, you just have to spend 40 years of your life looking. University of South Carolina Professor John Nelson and alumnus Douglas Rayner have founds just such a new species close to home and they have dubbed it Stachys caroliniana, a new example of what is commonly called a hedge-nettle or woundwort. And rarity is unusual among S. caroliniana's closest relatives. There are about 300 species in the genus Stachys, according to Nelson, the curator…
  • Little Considered: Treatment Of Transgendered Prison Inmates

    News Staff
    22 Nov 2014 | 10:18 am
    It's pretty common in culture, from Turkey to Tennessee, for a public that otherwise does not condone rape to joke about it when it comes to male criminals. And the more heinous the crime, not only does it become acceptable, but almost demanded in a justice system that often favors criminals over victims. But raping women isn't acceptable in civilized countries. In the modern decade, 'gender' has become a subjective thing. Anthropology papers will even strangely let 'other', including alien life forms, be considered a valid gender in their surveys. read more
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  • Dave Bradley Music

    David Bradley
    20 Nov 2014 | 1:12 pm
    In case you didn’t know, I’m a science journalist by day, a photographer on my days off and a musician by night. I’ve written and recorded a few songs over the last couple of years, which you can get hold of from the usual download sites: iTunes, BandCamp, Google Play, Amazon mp3, Spotify, SoundCloud etc. Mostly originals but a handful of covers licenced through Loudr for iTunes and others. Here’s a very short list of a few of the musicians, bands and artists I admire: Athlete, America, The Beatles, David Bowie, Kate Bush, John Denver, Elbow, Peter Gabriel, Led…
  • Science is not just a theory

    David Bradley
    15 Nov 2014 | 2:53 am
    I say theory, he says theory but what do you think we mean when we talk about theories, like Big Bang theory, the theory of evolution by natural selection, the theory of relativity (both general and special) and quantum theory. Well, we don’t mean it’s “just” a theory, like some vague idea a bloke down the pub came up with to explain the woes of the world, it’s not some conspiracy theory. If only we could’ve been more positive and used another word without the negative connotations of the man on the Clapham omnibus’ conception of the word…
  • Put them on hold

    David Bradley
    15 Nov 2014 | 1:17 am
    Songs of Experience by Dave Bradley It’s a quarter of a century since the fall of the Berlin Wall, but still lives are put on hold by those who will divide and subjugate us. Isn’t it time, once again, to reject their calls, put them on hold? Put them on hold I made the call that I’m a free man I talked wild of spirit, throughout the land I saw the wonders that were open to mankind I held up hope and love and life as gifts that we might shine Then days became much darker than the night The hope we had soon vanished from our sight The love we took for granted we’d never…
  • Is breast best?

    David Bradley
    5 Nov 2014 | 6:43 am
    Is it oversharing to tell you I wasn’t breastfed as an infant? Tough. I don’t feel that being bottlefed formula milk did me any harm. Breastfeeding is natural but it’s not always possible for new mothers and the push from the healthcare workers for breast is best waxes and wanes as any social fashion. There is a lot of guilt poured on mothers who (a) choose to breast feed their infant (b) choose not to breast feed their infant (c) cannot breast feed their infant. Take your pick, there’s guilt from every angle. If it’s physiologically possible it should be every…
  • Don’t worry about anxiety

    David Bradley
    2 Nov 2014 | 1:20 am
    This week’s BBC “Point of View” was purportedly humanist but is perhaps an age-old perspective that humanity has sought and found many times throughout history for living with less worry and hopefully overcoming existentialist angst at least temporarily. Adam Gopnik identifies four different types of anxiety that afflict modern people and suggests ways to cure them. Bottom line: make the thrill of the ameliorative, the joy of small reliefs, of the case solved and mystery dissipated and the worry ended, for now – to make those things as sufficient to live by as they are…
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    Newswise: SciNews

  • The Secret of Dragonflies' Flight

    American Physical Society's Division of Fluid Dynamics
    23 Nov 2014 | 6:00 pm
    Dragonflies can easily right themselves and maneuver tight turns while flying. Each of their four wings is controlled by separate muscles, giving them exquisite control over their flight. Researchers are investigating the physics behind this ability by recording high-speed video footage of dragonflies in flight and integrating the data into computer models, and they will present their findings at the 67th annual meeting of the American Physical Society (APS) Division of Fluid Dynamics.
  • Tropical Inspiration for an Icy Problem

    American Physical Society's Division of Fluid Dynamics
    23 Nov 2014 | 4:00 pm
    Ice poses major impediments to winter travel, accumulating on car windshields and airplane wings and causing countless unsuspecting pedestrians to dramatically lose their balance. A team of researchers from Arizona State University (ASU) has developed a new way to prevent ice buildup on surfaces like airplane wings, finding inspiration in an unusual source: the poison dart frog.
  • The Physics of Fizziness

    American Physical Society's Division of Fluid Dynamics
    23 Nov 2014 | 4:00 pm
    If you've ever raised a glass of champagne in celebration, you may have noticed tiny bubbles bursting on its surface. But did you know this little event, which is commonly seen in much greater scale on the ocean's surface, involves a fascinating facet of physics?
  • For Important Tumor-Suppressing Protein, Context Is Key

    Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory
    21 Nov 2014 | 2:20 pm
    Berkeley Lab scientists have learned new details about how an important tumor-suppressing protein, called p53, binds to the human genome. As with many things in life, they found that context makes a big difference.
  • How the Hummingbird Achieves Its Aerobatic Feats

    Vanderbilt University
    21 Nov 2014 | 2:15 pm
    Although hummingbirds are much larger and stir up the air more violently as they move, the way that they fly is more closely related to flying insects than it is to other birds.
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    Digg Science News

  • Thanks To Science , We May See The Rebirth Of The American Chestnut

    22 Nov 2014 | 3:42 am
    When a fungus arrived in 1904, billions of American chestnut trees were wiped out within a few decades. Now, thanks to science , they're poised to make a comeback.
  • 'Serial' And The Science Of Memory

    21 Nov 2014 | 10:24 am
    "Koenig’s search, successful or not, raises fascinating questions about the nature, meaning and complexities of personal recollections."
  • Big Pharma Plays Hide-The-Ball With Data

    16 Nov 2014 | 4:03 pm
    Tamiflu, psychotic side-effects, and what the FDA is hiding from the medical community.
  • Pope Francis And The GOP’s Bad Science

    16 Nov 2014 | 9:03 am
    It's a shame that there is no provision in the Constitution of the United States that would permit Pope Francis to serve as the chairman of the Senate Environment and Public Works Committee. That’s too bad, because the Pope believes that science , rational thought, and data all play powerful and positive roles in human life. The senators seem as if they do not.
  • The Science Of The 'Booty Call'

    15 Nov 2014 | 5:56 am
    According to this study, the booty call lies somewhere between a one-night stand and monogamy on the relationship spectrum, and serves a purpose for both men and women.
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  • The US Is Stockpiling Ebola Survivors’ Plasma to Treat Future Patients

    Katie M. Palmer
    24 Nov 2014 | 3:30 am
    On Friday, the FDA announced that it would start developing a stockpile of blood plasma from Ebola survivors, treated with a pathogen inactivation system that's never been used before in the US. So far, the United States has had some amazing success in curing Ebola, possibly thanks to experimental plasma treatments. Drawn from survivors, the stuff comes enriched in antibodies that could help to fight off the disease—but it also has the potential to carry other diseases, like malaria, that are common in west Africa where Ebola is raging. The new system will kill off any extra contaminants…
  • The Cutest and Weirdest Wild Animal Incidents This Week

    Jon Mooallem
    21 Nov 2014 | 3:45 am
    This Week in Wild Animals for November 21, 2014 Starfish were deflating. Polar bears were going bald. Fur seals were raping penguins. A 400-pound tortoise named Benjamin Franklin made an appearance outside a Walmart. This Week in Wild Animals is a public service for human beings compiled by Jon Mooallem, author of the book Wild […] The post The Cutest and Weirdest Wild Animal Incidents This Week appeared first on WIRED.
  • Absurd Creature of the Week: The Adorably Creepy Gliding Mammal That’s Basically Just a Big Flap of Skin

    Matt Simon
    21 Nov 2014 | 3:30 am
    The colugo is the most accomplished mammalian glider of all—on account of being essentially a giant flap of skin—capable of soaring an incredible 200 feet from tree to tree. The post Absurd Creature of the Week: The Adorably Creepy Gliding Mammal That’s Basically Just a Big Flap of Skin appeared first on WIRED.
  • A brief hiatus and a call for help

    David S. F. Portree
    20 Nov 2014 | 4:59 pm
    I won’t be able to post many (or any) posts on Beyond Apollo in the next few weeks because of holiday and work travel. I’ll be hauling along research material when I travel (I always do), but I doubt that I’ll have time to do much more than take notes. The good news is that […] The post A brief hiatus and a call for help appeared first on WIRED.
  • This Is What It Sounded Like When We Landed on a Comet

    Marcus Woo
    20 Nov 2014 | 11:30 am
    Instruments recorded the thump of Philae’s first of three landings on comet 67P/Churyumov-Gerasimenko last week. The post This Is What It Sounded Like When We Landed on a Comet appeared first on WIRED.
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  • Psychology Hacks for Social Media, More – Roger’s Picks

    Roger Dooley
    21 Nov 2014 | 8:38 am
    Your weekend reading list is ready! Just a few must-read items from around the web… My Stuff We know that personalization can improve response rates and conversion, but some unpublished research shows the way you personalize a communication makes a [...]
  • Revealed: The Best Way to Personalize

    Roger Dooley
    21 Nov 2014 | 5:40 am
    What tiny change to a text message appointment reminder cut no-shows by 57%? All it took was adding the recipient’s first name. This remarkable result hasn’t been formally published, but is recounted in The Small BIG, the latest effort from [...]
  • Giant Conversion Tip List, No-cost CX Boost, More – Roger’s Picks

    Roger Dooley
    14 Nov 2014 | 7:40 am
    My Stuff Want a no-cost way to improve your customer’s experience? You might have to abandon the time-honored philosophy of “under-promise and over-deliver.” Check out Ep #32: A Surprising Way to Improve Real Customer Experience of The Brainfluence Podcast to [...]
  • Build Your Authority, Persuade with Charts, More – Roger’s Picks

    Roger Dooley
    7 Nov 2014 | 9:14 am
    Your weekend reading list! My Stuff It’s not often that you get to ask a legend a question… So, when I spoke with Dr. Robert Cialdini (@RobertCialdini), I popped my burning question… It’s been 30 years since he first published [...]
  • Cialdini Answers: Are Six Principles Still Enough?

    Roger Dooley
    5 Nov 2014 | 7:50 am
    What question would you ask Dr. Robert Cialdini? He may not have invented the concept of persuasion psychology, but his 1984 book, Influence: The Psychology of Persuasion, used extensive behavior research to add much needed structure to the field. Two [...]
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    Mind Hacks

  • Distraction effects

    24 Nov 2014 | 2:57 am
    I’ve been puzzling over this tweet from Jeff Rouder: Surely, I thought, psychology is built out of effects. What could be wrong with focussing on testing which ones are reliable? But I think I’ve got it now. The thing about effects is that they show you – an experimental psychologist – can construct a situation where some factor you are interested in is important, relative to all the other factors (which you have managed to hold constant). To see why this might be a problem, consider this paper by Tsay (2013): “Sight over sound in the judgment of music…
  • Wankers and prankers on the suicide hotline

    23 Nov 2014 | 4:32 am
    The New York Magazine‘s new Science of Us section has an interesting review of a new documentary on hotlines – whether they be for suicide support or phone sex. I was initially annoyed at the fact that the documentary puts both of these in the same category but it’s based on the interesting premise that hotlines – whether for mental health, sex or supporting members of a particular marginalised community – often involve the common component of lonely people reaching out to connect with a stranger, briefly, through conversation. I don’t know how good the…
  • Explore our back pages

    22 Nov 2014 | 8:55 am
    At our birthday party on Thursday I told people how I’d crunched the stats for the 10 years of posts. Nearly 5000 posts, and over 2 million words – an incredible achievement (for which 96% of the credit should go to Vaughan). In 2010 we had an overhaul (thanks JD for this, and Matt for his continued support of the tech side of the site). I had a look at the stats, which only date back till then, and pulled out our all time most popular posts. Here they are: Something about the enthusiasm of last Thursday inspired me to put the links the top ten posts on a wiki. Since…
  • Spike activity 21-11-2014

    21 Nov 2014 | 8:34 am
    Quick links from the past week in mind and brain news: Wall Street Journal on The Future of AI: An Ubiquitous, Invisible, Smart Utility. A list of the 100 most followed psychologists and neuroscientists on Twitter compiled by the BPS Research Digest. And a mixed bag it is too. Student Science has a fantastic how-to on how to build a sensory homunculus based on data from your own body. Is There a Link Between Mental Health and Gun Violence? asks The New Yorker. Next to bugger all, says the research. Neuroskeptic has an interesting post on how brain structure – behaviour findings might…
  • Vogue magazine continues neglect of cognitive science

    21 Nov 2014 | 1:25 am
    Mind Hacks has been awarded the 2014 British Psychological Society’s Public Engagement and Media Award for its services to obsessive coverage of psychology and neuroscience. I think I can speak for both Tom and I when I say we were actually aiming for recognition by Vogue magazine but it’s better than a poke in the eye so we’ll take it. However, this is a chance to say if you’ve ever written anything for us, built or run the tech, sent us stuff, commented, linked to us, read something you liked, or marvelled with us at our growing knowledge of human nature, thank you.
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  • Weekend Diversion: Make 2015 A Year In Space (Synopsis) [Starts With A Bang]

    22 Nov 2014 | 7:59 pm
    “We are not the same persons this year as last; nor are those we love. It is a happy chance if we, changing, continue to love a changed person.”  W. Somerset Maugham There are so many things out there in this world to marvel at, that it’s important to remember to appreciate all that’s out there — both terrestrially and well beyond — that are far older and grander than anything we’ll ever experience. Have a listen to M. Ward‘s mystifying song, One Hundred Million Years, while I share with you a wonderful effort to bring the Universe to us all. Image…
  • Comments of the Week #36: The Nuclear Option [Starts With A Bang]

    22 Nov 2014 | 3:38 pm
    “Ours is a world of nuclear giants and ethical infants. We know more about war that we know about peace, more about killing that we know about living.” -Omar N. Bradley There are some words that, seemingly, you can’t utter without inflaming people’s passions in one way or another, and nuclear seems to fall squarely in that category. This week, we touched on a number of remarkable topics over on Starts With A Bang, including: The biggest spiral galaxy (for Ask Ethan), Norway vs. Kenya (for our Weekend Diversion), An all-season cluster, M35 (for Messier Monday), The…
  • Ask Ethan #63: The Birth of Space and Time (Synopsis) [Starts With A Bang]

    22 Nov 2014 | 12:41 pm
    “You can try to lie to yourself. You can try to tell yourself that you put in the time. But you know — and so do I.” -J.J. Watt Before there was the Universe we know and love today, there were many epochs and eras that came before, including one before there were galaxies and stars, one before there were atoms, one before there were nuclei, and even one where matter and antimatter were spontaneously created at ultra-high energies. Image credit: ESA and the Planck collaboration, modified by me. But throughout all those eras, spacetime has been a constant companion. Given that we had…
  • Occupational health and safety leaders honored, new policies adopted at American Public Health Association annual meeting [The Pump Handle]

    Celeste Monforton, DrPH, MPH
    22 Nov 2014 | 11:34 am
    Health and safety hazards encountered by custodians, palm tree workers, day laborers, nurses, and bakery workers are just some of the dozens of different occupations examined in research presented at this year’s annual meeting of the American Public Health Association (APHA). The association’s Occupational Health and Safety Section marked its 100th anniversary and members designed the first phase of an electronic timeline to memorialize key events in the Section’s history. A special scientific session explored the OHS Section’s history, starting with its founding co-chairs George…
  • The two faces of JE Brandenburg [Pharyngula]

    PZ Myers
    22 Nov 2014 | 5:50 am
    Brandenburg is a physicist who submitted a paper to the 42nd Lunar and Planetary Science Conference a few years ago. It’s way outside my area of expertise, but it postulated an interesting scenario from the ratios of rare isotopes in the atmosphere of Mars: that there was evidence of a natural nuclear reactor, like Oklo on Earth, that had exploded over 180 million years ago. He makes a good case, at least to this biologist’s eyes, and it seems reasonable. Natural Nuclear Reactors formed and operated on Earth, there is no reason this could not have happened on Mars. Conditions on…
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    EE Times

  • Creating an 8x8x8 3D LED Cube: The Base PCB

    Steve Manley
    21 Nov 2014 | 3:40 pm
    Creating an 8x8x8 3D tri-color LED cube from the ground up involves a variety of tasks, including designing the base PCB upon which the cube will be mounted.
  • Allocating MCU Resources Accurately

    Aubrey Kagan
    21 Nov 2014 | 2:41 pm
    When you need a new MCU and new I/O for a project, how do you choose among the many and confusing alternatives?
  • Experts Call for Secure Sensors

    Jessica Lipsky
    21 Nov 2014 | 2:11 pm
    Sensor nodes are the most vulnerable point of attack in an Internet of Things ecosystem, so securing the trillions of sensors industry experts expect is of the utmost concern.
  • AMD Integrates X86, GPU & I/O

    Jon Peddie
    21 Nov 2014 | 1:50 pm
    Early next year, AMD will ship Carrizo, its most integrated x86 processor to date, combining I/O with -- in some versions -- new x86 and GPU cores.
  • Test Your Way to a Better IoT

    Dr. Mike Bartley
    21 Nov 2014 | 11:46 am
    Better design and test procedures will lead to much lower maintenance costs than for systems where those precautions have not been taken.
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    PLOS Biology: New Articles

  • Living in Constant Crisis—When Stress Management Becomes the Problem

    Roland G. Roberts
    18 Nov 2014 | 2:00 pm
    by Roland G. Roberts
  • An Adaptive Threshold in Mammalian Neocortical Evolution

    Eric Lewitus et al.
    18 Nov 2014 | 2:00 pm
    by Eric Lewitus, Iva Kelava, Alex T. Kalinka, Pavel Tomancak, Wieland B. Huttner Expansion of the neocortex is a hallmark of human evolution. However, determining which adaptive mechanisms facilitated its expansion remains an open question. Here we show, using the gyrencephaly index (GI) and other physiological and life-history data for 102 mammalian species, that gyrencephaly is an ancestral mammalian trait. We find that variation in GI does not evolve linearly across species, but that mammals constitute two principal groups above and below a GI threshold value of 1.5, approximately equal to…
  • Mechano-Transduction: From Molecules to Tissues

    Beth L. Pruitt et al.
    18 Nov 2014 | 2:00 pm
    by Beth L. Pruitt, Alexander R. Dunn, William I. Weis, W. James Nelson External forces play complex roles in cell organization, fate, and homeostasis. Changes in these forces, or how cells respond to them, can result in abnormal embryonic development and diseases in adults. How cells sense and respond to these mechanical stimuli requires an understanding of the biophysical principles that underlie changes in protein conformation and result in alterations in the organization and function of cells and tissues. Here, we discuss mechano-transduction as it applies to protein conformation, cellular…
  • Modulation of the Maladaptive Stress Response to Manage Diseases of Protein Folding

    Daniela Martino Roth et al.
    18 Nov 2014 | 2:00 pm
    by Daniela Martino Roth, Darren M. Hutt, Jiansong Tong, Marion Bouchecareilh, Ning Wang, Theo Seeley, Johanna F. Dekkers, Jeffrey M. Beekman, Dan Garza, Lawrence Drew, Eliezer Masliah, Richard I. Morimoto, William E. Balch Diseases of protein folding arise because of the inability of an altered peptide sequence to properly engage protein homeostasis components that direct protein folding and function. To identify global principles of misfolding disease pathology we examined the impact of the local folding environment in alpha-1-antitrypsin deficiency (AATD), Niemann-Pick type C1 disease…
  • How Folded Brains Evolved in Mammals

    Janelle Weaver
    18 Nov 2014 | 2:00 pm
    by Janelle Weaver
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    PLOS Computational Biology: New Articles

  • High-Fidelity Coding with Correlated Neurons

    Rava Azeredo da Silveira et al.
    20 Nov 2014 | 2:00 pm
    by Rava Azeredo da Silveira, Michael J. Berry Positive correlations in the activity of neurons are widely observed in the brain. Previous studies have shown these correlations to be detrimental to the fidelity of population codes, or at best marginally favorable compared to independent codes. Here, we show that positive correlations can enhance coding performance by astronomical factors. Specifically, the probability of discrimination error can be suppressed by many orders of magnitude. Likewise, the number of stimuli encoded—the capacity—can be enhanced more than tenfold. These effects…
  • Estimating Relative Changes of Metabolic Fluxes

    Lei Huang et al.
    20 Nov 2014 | 2:00 pm
    by Lei Huang, Dongsung Kim, Xiaojing Liu, Christopher R. Myers, Jason W. Locasale Fluxes are the central trait of metabolism and Kinetic Flux Profiling (KFP) is an effective method of measuring them. To generalize its applicability, we present an extension of the method that estimates the relative changes of fluxes using only relative quantitation of 13C-labeled metabolites. Such features are directly tailored to the more common experiment that performs only relative quantitation and compares fluxes between two conditions. We call our extension rKFP. Moreover, we examine the effects of common…
  • BiomeNet: A Bayesian Model for Inference of Metabolic Divergence among Microbial Communities

    Mahdi Shafiei et al.
    20 Nov 2014 | 2:00 pm
    by Mahdi Shafiei, Katherine A. Dunn, Hugh Chipman, Hong Gu, Joseph P. Bielawski Metagenomics yields enormous numbers of microbial sequences that can be assigned a metabolic function. Using such data to infer community-level metabolic divergence is hindered by the lack of a suitable statistical framework. Here, we describe a novel hierarchical Bayesian model, called BiomeNet (Bayesian inference of metabolic networks), for inferring differential prevalence of metabolic subnetworks among microbial communities. To infer the structure of community-level metabolic interactions, BiomeNet applies a…
  • Ten Simple Rules to Achieve Conference Speaker Gender Balance

    Jennifer L. Martin
    20 Nov 2014 | 2:00 pm
    by Jennifer L. Martin
  • Impact of Dimensionality and Network Disruption on Microrheology of Cancer Cells in 3D Environments

    Michael Mak et al.
    20 Nov 2014 | 2:00 pm
    by Michael Mak, Roger D. Kamm, Muhammad H. Zaman Dimensionality is a fundamental component that can have profound implications on the characteristics of physical systems. In cell biology, however, the majority of studies on cell physical properties, from rheology to force generation to migration, have been performed on 2D substrates, and it is not clear how a more realistic 3D environment influences cell properties. Here, we develop an integrated approach and demonstrate the combination of mitochondria-tracking microrheology, microfluidics, and Brownian dynamics simulations to explore the…
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    PLOS Genetics: New Articles

  • Quantitative Genetics of CTCF Binding Reveal Local Sequence Effects and Different Modes of X-Chromosome Association

    Zhihao Ding et al.
    20 Nov 2014 | 2:00 pm
    by Zhihao Ding, Yunyun Ni, Sander W. Timmer, Bum-Kyu Lee, Anna Battenhouse, Sandra Louzada, Fengtang Yang, Ian Dunham, Gregory E. Crawford, Jason D. Lieb, Richard Durbin, Vishwanath R. Iyer, Ewan Birney Associating genetic variation with quantitative measures of gene regulation offers a way to bridge the gap between genotype and complex phenotypes. In order to identify quantitative trait loci (QTLs) that influence the binding of a transcription factor in humans, we measured binding of the multifunctional transcription and chromatin factor CTCF in 51 HapMap cell lines. We identified thousands…
  • Heat-Induced Release of Epigenetic Silencing Reveals the Concealed Role of an Imprinted Plant Gene

    Diego H. Sanchez et al.
    20 Nov 2014 | 2:00 pm
    by Diego H. Sanchez, Jerzy Paszkowski Epigenetic mechanisms suppress the transcription of transposons and DNA repeats; however, this suppression can be transiently released under prolonged heat stress. Here we show that the Arabidopsis thaliana imprinted gene SDC, which is silent during vegetative growth due to DNA methylation, is activated by heat and contributes to recovery from stress. SDC activation seems to involve epigenetic mechanisms but not canonical heat-shock perception and signaling. The heat-mediated transcriptional induction of SDC occurs particularly in young developing leaves…
  • Three RNA Binding Proteins Form a Complex to Promote Differentiation of Germline Stem Cell Lineage in Drosophila

    Di Chen et al.
    20 Nov 2014 | 2:00 pm
    by Di Chen, Chan Wu, Shaowei Zhao, Qing Geng, Yu Gao, Xin Li, Yang Zhang, Zhaohui Wang In regenerative tissues, one of the strategies to protect stem cells from genetic aberrations, potentially caused by frequent cell division, is to transiently expand the stem cell daughters before further differentiation. However, failure to exit the transit amplification may lead to overgrowth, and the molecular mechanism governing this regulation remains vague. In a Drosophila mutagenesis screen for factors involved in the regulation of germline stem cell (GSC) lineage, we isolated a mutation in the gene…
  • An RNA-Seq Screen of the Drosophila Antenna Identifies a Transporter Necessary for Ammonia Detection

    Karen Menuz et al.
    20 Nov 2014 | 2:00 pm
    by Karen Menuz, Nikki K. Larter, Joori Park, John R. Carlson Many insect vectors of disease detect their hosts through olfactory cues, and thus it is of great interest to understand better how odors are encoded. However, little is known about the molecular underpinnings that support the unique function of coeloconic sensilla, an ancient and conserved class of sensilla that detect amines and acids, including components of human odor that are cues for many insect vectors. Here, we generate antennal transcriptome databases both for wild type Drosophila and for a mutant that lacks coeloconic…
  • A Systems Genetics Approach Identifies CXCL14, ITGAX, and LPCAT2 as Novel Aggressive Prostate Cancer Susceptibility Genes

    Kendra A. Williams et al.
    20 Nov 2014 | 2:00 pm
    by Kendra A. Williams, Minnkyong Lee, Ying Hu, Jonathan Andreas, Shashank J. Patel, Suiyuan Zhang, Peter Chines, Abdel Elkahloun, Settara Chandrasekharappa, J. Silvio Gutkind, Alfredo A. Molinolo, Nigel P. S. Crawford Although prostate cancer typically runs an indolent course, a subset of men develop aggressive, fatal forms of this disease. We hypothesize that germline variation modulates susceptibility to aggressive prostate cancer. The goal of this work is to identify susceptibility genes using the C57BL/6-Tg(TRAMP)8247Ng/J (TRAMP) mouse model of neuroendocrine prostate cancer. Quantitative…
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    PLOS Pathogens: New Articles

  • Correction: Histone Deacetylase Inhibitors Impair the Elimination of HIV-Infected Cells by Cytotoxic T-Lymphocytes

    21 Nov 2014 | 2:00 pm
    by The PLOS Pathogens Staff
  • Structure and Specificity of the Bacterial Cysteine Methyltransferase Effector NleE Suggests a Novel Substrate in Human DNA Repair Pathway

    Qing Yao et al.
    20 Nov 2014 | 2:00 pm
    by Qing Yao, Li Zhang, Xiaobo Wan, Jing Chen, Liyan Hu, Xiaojun Ding, Lin Li, Jayashree Karar, Hongzhuang Peng, She Chen, Niu Huang, Frank J. Rauscher, Feng Shao Enteropathogenic E. coli (EPEC) and related enterobacteria rely on a type III secretion system (T3SS) effector NleE to block host NF-κB signaling. NleE is a first in class, novel S-adenosyl-L-methionine (SAM)-dependent methyltransferase that methylates a zinc-coordinating cysteine in the Npl4-like Zinc Finger (NZF) domains in TAB2/3 adaptors in the NF-κB pathway, but its mechanism of action and other human substrates are unknown.
  • NK Cell Activation in Human Hantavirus Infection Explained by Virus-Induced IL-15/IL15Rα Expression

    Monika Braun et al.
    20 Nov 2014 | 2:00 pm
    by Monika Braun, Niklas K. Björkström, Shawon Gupta, Karin Sundström, Clas Ahlm, Jonas Klingström, Hans-Gustaf Ljunggren Clinical infection with hantaviruses cause two severe acute diseases, hemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome (HFRS) and hantavirus pulmonary syndrome (HPS). These diseases are characterized by strong immune activation, increased vascular permeability, and up to 50% case-fatality rates. One prominent feature observed in clinical hantavirus infection is rapid expansion of natural killer (NK) cells in peripheral blood of affected individuals. We here describe an unusually…
  • Succinate Dehydrogenase is the Regulator of Respiration in Mycobacterium tuberculosis

    Travis Hartman et al.
    20 Nov 2014 | 2:00 pm
    by Travis Hartman, Brian Weinrick, Catherine Vilchèze, Michael Berney, Joanne Tufariello, Gregory M. Cook, William R. Jacobs In chronic infection, Mycobacterium tuberculosis bacilli are thought to enter a metabolic program that provides sufficient energy for maintenance of the protonmotive force, but is insufficient to meet the demands of cellular growth. We sought to understand this metabolic downshift genetically by targeting succinate dehydrogenase, the enzyme which couples the growth processes controlled by the TCA cycle with the energy production resulting from the electron transport…
  • Crystal Structure of Cytomegalovirus IE1 Protein Reveals Targeting of TRIM Family Member PML via Coiled-Coil Interactions

    Myriam Scherer et al.
    20 Nov 2014 | 2:00 pm
    by Myriam Scherer, Stefan Klingl, Madhumati Sevvana, Victoria Otto, Eva-Maria Schilling, Joachim D. Stump, Regina Müller, Nina Reuter, Heinrich Sticht, Yves A. Muller, Thomas Stamminger PML nuclear bodies (PML-NBs) are enigmatic structures of the cell nucleus that act as key mediators of intrinsic immunity against viral pathogens. PML itself is a member of the E3-ligase TRIM family of proteins that regulates a variety of innate immune signaling pathways. Consequently, viruses have evolved effector proteins to modify PML-NBs; however, little is known concerning structure-function…
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    PLOS ONE Alerts: New Articles

  • Effects of Medical Male Circumcision (MC) on Plasma HIV Viral Load in HIV+ HAART Naïve Men; Rakai, Uganda

    Godfrey Kigozi et al.
    21 Nov 2014 | 2:00 pm
    by Godfrey Kigozi, Richard Musoke, Nehemiah Kighoma, Stephen Watya, David Serwadda, Fred Nalugoda, Noah Kiwanuka, Fred Wabwire-Mangen, Aaron Tobian, Fredrick Makumbi, Ronald Moses Galiwango, Nelson Sewankambo, James Nkale, Grace Kigozi Nalwoga, Margaret Anyokorit, Tom Lutalo, Ronald Henry Gray, Maria Joan Wawer Background Medical male circumcision (MC) of HIV-infected men may increase plasma HIV viral load and place female partners at risk of infection. We assessed the effect of MC on plasma HIV viral load in HIV-infected men in Rakai, Uganda. Methods 195 consenting HIV-positive, HAART naïve…
  • Quantifying Traces of Tool Use: A Novel Morphometric Analysis of Damage Patterns on Percussive Tools

    Matthew V. Caruana et al.
    21 Nov 2014 | 2:00 pm
    by Matthew V. Caruana, Susana Carvalho, David R. Braun, Darya Presnyakova, Michael Haslam, Will Archer, Rene Bobe, John W. K. Harris Percussive technology continues to play an increasingly important role in understanding the evolution of tool use. Comparing the archaeological record with extractive foraging behaviors in nonhuman primates has focused on percussive implements as a key to investigating the origins of lithic technology. Despite this, archaeological approaches towards percussive tools have been obscured by a lack of standardized methodologies. Central to this issue have been the…
  • MicroRNA-383 Regulates the Apoptosis of Tumor Cells through Targeting Gadd45g

    Lei Zhao et al.
    21 Nov 2014 | 2:00 pm
    by Lei Zhao, Haihui Gu, Jianfeng Chang, Junyu Wu, Daliang Wang, Su Chen, Xiaomei Yang, Baohua Qian Background MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are a class of small non-coding single-stranded RNA molecules that inhibit gene expression at post-transcriptional level. Gadd45g (growth arrest and DNA-damage-inducible 45 gamma) is a stress-response protein, which has been implicated in several biological processes, including DNA repair, the cell cycle and cell differentiation. Results In this work, we found that miR-383 is a negative regulator of Gadd45g. Forced expression of miR-383 decreased the expression of…
  • Regucalcin Expression in Bovine Tissues and Its Regulation by Sex Steroid Hormones in Accessory Sex Glands

    Laura Starvaggi Cucuzza et al.
    21 Nov 2014 | 2:00 pm
    by Laura Starvaggi Cucuzza, Sara Divari, Chiara Mulasso, Bartolomeo Biolatti, Francesca T. Cannizzo Regucalcin (RGN) is a mammalian Ca2+-binding protein that plays an important role in intracellular Ca2+ homeostasis. Recently, RGN has been identified as a target gene for sex steroid hormones in the prostate glands and testis of rats and humans, but no studies have focused on RGN expression in bovine tissues. Thus, in the present study, we examined RGN mRNA and protein expression in the different tissues and organs of veal calves and beef cattle. Moreover, we investigated whether RGN…
  • Susceptibility Of Ph-Positive All To Tki Therapy Associated With Bcr-Abl Rearrangement Patterns: A Retrospective Analysis

    Yu Jing et al.
    21 Nov 2014 | 2:00 pm
    by Yu Jing, Huiren Chen, Mingjuan Liu, Minhang Zhou, Yuelu Guo, Chunji Gao, Quanshun Wang, Honghua Li, Yu Zhao, Jian Bo, Wenrong Huang, Haiyan Zhu, Yongqing Zhang, Li Yu Background Tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs) have demonstrated success in the treatment of acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) in patients that express BCR-ABL rearrangements (Philadelphia chromosome [Ph]). The current study aimed to assess the efficacy of TKIs and prognostic factors in the treatment of adults with Ph+-ALL. Methods In this multicenter retrospective study, the relationship between Ph+-ALL and treatment outcomes…
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    PLOS Neglected Tropical Diseases: New Articles

  • Indoleamine 2,3-Dioxygenase Controls Fungal Loads and Immunity in Paracoccidioidomicosis but is More Important to Susceptible than Resistant Hosts

    Eliseu F. Araújo et al.
    20 Nov 2014 | 2:00 pm
    by Eliseu F. Araújo, Flávio V. Loures, Silvia B. Bazan, Claudia Feriotti, Adriana Pina, Alessandra S. Schanoski, Tânia A. Costa, Vera L. G. Calich Background Paracoccidioidomycosis, a primary fungal infection restricted to Latin America, is acquired by inhalation of fungal particles. The immunoregulatory mechanisms that control the severe and mild forms of paracoccidioidomycosis are still unclear. Indoleamine 2,3-dioxygenase (IDO), an IFN-γ induced enzyme that catalyzes tryptophan metabolism, can control host-pathogen interaction by inhibiting pathogen growth, T cell immunity and tissue…
  • Approaches to Refining Estimates of Global Burden and Economics of Dengue

    Donald S. Shepard et al.
    20 Nov 2014 | 2:00 pm
    by Donald S. Shepard, Eduardo A. Undurraga, Miguel Betancourt-Cravioto, María G. Guzmán, Scott B. Halstead, Eva Harris, Rose Nani Mudin, Kristy O. Murray, Roberto Tapia-Conyer, Duane J. Gubler Dengue presents a formidable and growing global economic and disease burden, with around half the world's population estimated to be at risk of infection. There is wide variation and substantial uncertainty in current estimates of dengue disease burden and, consequently, on economic burden estimates. Dengue disease varies across time, geography and persons affected. Variations in the transmission of…
  • PKDL and Other Dermal Lesions in HIV Co-infected Patients with Leishmaniasis: Review of Clinical Presentation in Relation to Immune Responses

    Eduard E. Zijlstra
    20 Nov 2014 | 2:00 pm
    by Eduard E. Zijlstra Background Co-infection of leishmaniasis and HIV is increasingly reported. The clinical presentation of leishmaniasis is determined by the host immune response to the parasite; as a consequence, this presentation will be influenced by HIV-induced immunosuppression. As leishmaniasis commonly affects the skin, increasing immunosuppression changes the clinical presentation, such as in post-kala-azar dermal leishmaniasis (PKDL) and cutaneous leishmaniasis (CL); dermal lesions are also commonly reported in visceral leishmaniasis (VL) and HIV co-infection. Methods We reviewed…
  • Household Transmission of Vibrio cholerae in Bangladesh

    Jonathan D. Sugimoto et al.
    20 Nov 2014 | 2:00 pm
    by Jonathan D. Sugimoto, Amanda A. Koepke, Eben E. Kenah, M. Elizabeth Halloran, Fahima Chowdhury, Ashraful I. Khan, Regina C. LaRocque, Yang Yang, Edward T. Ryan, Firdausi Qadri, Stephen B. Calderwood, Jason B. Harris, Ira M. Longini Background Vibrio cholerae infections cluster in households. This study's objective was to quantify the relative contribution of direct, within-household exposure (for example, via contamination of household food, water, or surfaces) to endemic cholera transmission. Quantifying the relative contribution of direct exposure is important for planning effective…
  • Risk Factors for Buruli Ulcer in Ghana—A Case Control Study in the Suhum-Kraboa-Coaltar and Akuapem South Districts of the Eastern Region

    Ernest Kenu et al.
    20 Nov 2014 | 2:00 pm
    by Ernest Kenu, Kofi Mensah Nyarko, Linda Seefeld, Vincent Ganu, Michael Käser, Margaret Lartey, Benedict Nii Laryea Calys-Tagoe, Kwodwo Koram, Richard Adanu, Oliver Razum, Edwin Afari, Fred N. Binka Background Buruli ulcer (BU) is a skin disease caused by Mycobacterium ulcerans. Its exact mode of transmission is not known. Previous studies have identified demographic, socio-economic, health and hygiene as well as environment related risk factors. We investigated whether the same factors pertain in Suhum-Kraboa-Coaltar (SKC) and Akuapem South (AS) Districts in Ghana which previously were not…
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  • Multi-national crew reaches space station

    23 Nov 2014 | 8:34 pm
    (Reuters) - A Russian Soyuz rocket blasted off from the Baikonur Cosmodrome in Kazahkstan on Sunday to deliver three new crew members to the International Space Station, including Italy's first female astronaut.
  • Multi-national crew blasts off for space station

    23 Nov 2014 | 1:48 pm
    A Russian Soyuz rocket blasted off from the Baikonur Cosmodrome in Kazahkstan on Sunday to deliver three new crew members to the International Space Station, including Italy’s first female astronaut.
  • Banking culture breeds dishonesty, scientific study finds

    21 Nov 2014 | 8:20 am
    LONDON (Reuters) - - A banking culture that implicitly puts financial gain above all else fuels greed and dishonesty and makes bankers more likely to cheat, according to the findings of a scientific study.
  • 'Star-gazing' shrimp discovered in South Africa

    21 Nov 2014 | 5:00 am
    JOHANNESBURG (Reuters) - A tiny shrimp equipped with large, candy-striped eyes to ward off predators has been discovered in South African waters, the University of Cape Town said on Friday.
  • Star formation theories challenged by new telescope discovery

    20 Nov 2014 | 1:42 pm
    SANTIAGO (Reuters) - Theories about how massive stars are born could be revised after astronomers in Chile found evidence that the dust and gas surrounding a young star could survive bombardment by the star's own radiation.
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    Dave Bradley's Tech Talk

  • How to crumble cookies

    David Bradley
    6 Nov 2014 | 1:36 am
    Most of us know something about browser cookies, they’re variously useful, allowing us to login to a favourite website, but they can also be persistent and allow sites to track us across the web. Not everyone knows how to delete them and even less well known is the insidious Flash Player cookie that can also follow us around the web tracking our browsing habits and invading our privacy. Naked Security has a crib sheet for crumbling all kinds of cookies, including those hidden Flash particles. How to clear out cookies, Flash cookies and local storage | Naked Security. Post from: David…
  • Twitter bios I don’t get

    David Bradley
    3 Nov 2014 | 12:54 am
    I am always appreciative of new Twitter followers, seriously, it’s great to have new people to talk to (at?). But, there are a lot of bots, spammers and scammers that follow me on a daily basis. I try to filter them out and certainly never follow back. Oftentimes I am confusled by the bios of new followers that speak volumes, just not in a language that I understand. I thought I’d share a few from recent converts to the @sciencebase timeline in case anyone can shed any light for me on what they actually mean: “i am 19 years old im a cas lad and im a cas fan and i like jack…
  • Top 10 Facebook updates to make me unfollow you

    David Bradley
    8 Oct 2014 | 1:32 am
    I seem to have accrued a fairly large number of “friends” on Facebook over the years. Many of them are, of course, actual friends, family members, business contacts, acquaintances, fellow musicians and photographers and a few bands, many others are just people who asked to be my friend and are either trolls, spammers, bots, or saddos. Over the years I’ve unfriended nobody, but I had “unfollowed” a few people to cut down on the speed at which my timeline passes. I say, a few, in fact, of the 1026 friends, I’d “unfollowed”, but not unfriended, 623…
  • DropBox to SD card on Android

    David Bradley
    1 Oct 2014 | 9:25 am
    The new version of DropBox for Android has a useful feature that lots of users have apparently been asking for for some time: Exporting Dropbox files to your SD card gives you an easy way to transfer all your stuff — meeting agendas, trip photos, shopping lists, and more — as you move between Android devices, even without an Internet connection. And, it’s a great way to have important files with you offline when you can’t save any more favorites directly to your device. More details
  • WD 1TB My Passport Wireless

    David Bradley
    22 Sep 2014 | 8:00 am
    A neat package just arrived from Western Digital’s rep containing a one terabyte (1 TB) “My Passport” Wireless. Wi-Fi Mobile Storage with USB 3.0 and an SD slot. The company website tells me that I can connect up to eight devices via my Wi-Fi network (the packaging says five, but I assume the latest firmware has upped that number since printing), backup an SD card while out and about (the battery is long lasting – 6 hours (continuous video streaming) and 20 hours standby are claimed – which is a real boon when you’re traveling). There’s also the…
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  • English versus Chinese color descriptors

    Nathan Yau
    24 Nov 2014 | 2:44 am
    Color exists on a continuous spectrum, but we bin them with names and descriptions that reflect perception and sometimes culture. We saw this with gender a while back. Wikipedia has a short description on culture differences and color naming. Muyueh Lee looked at this binning through the lens of English versus Chinese color naming. More specifically, he looked at Chinese color names on Wikipedia and compared them against English color names. This comes with its own sampling biases because of higher Wikipedia usage for English speakers, but when you divide by color categories, it's a different…
  • Easier online choropleth maps with Landline

    Nathan Yau
    21 Nov 2014 | 4:29 am
    Despite the frequent use of choropleth maps online, they're still kind of tricky to produce for beginners. Landline, an open source JavaScript library from ProPublica, aims to make it a little bit easier. Given a GeoJSON file, Landline provides an interactive choropleth map with tooltips that works on multiple devices. Still in its early stages, the library lets you make state and county maps, as well as customize to your own needs. Underscore.js and Raphael.js are its two dependencies, so it plays nice with those libraries also. Tags: choropleth, javascript, ProPublica
  • Alinea cooker

    Nathan Yau
    21 Nov 2014 | 2:20 am
    Alinea is a restaurant by Grant Achatz known for deconstructing flavors and piecing them together again for bites of deliciousness. They have a cookbook that describes how they make their food, but the recipes are so complex that no casual cook would ever try them. I actually have a copy myself, and it's never gone past the coffee table. Allen Hemberger on the other hand went through every recipe. He described his process in the video above. Hemberger's path from mild interest, to obsession, to pleasant realization seems familiar. [via kottke] Tags: Alinea, food
  • Members Only: Mapping With Shapefiles in R

    Nathan Yau
    20 Nov 2014 | 4:53 am
    Geographic data is often available as a shapefile, and there's plenty of heavy software to get that data in a map. R is an open source option, and as a bonus, much of the work can be done in a few lines of code.Continue reading →
  • Fitbit data to be used in court as evidence

    Nathan Yau
    20 Nov 2014 | 3:34 am
    Personal data from Facebook, Twitter, and email are already used, so sure why not. Fitbit-generated movement data is now used in the courtroom. The young woman in question was injured in an accident four years ago. Back then, Fitbits weren't even on the market, but given that she was a personal trainer, her lawyers at McLeod Law believe they can say with confidence that she led an active lifestyle. A week from now, they will start processing data from her Fitbit to show that her activity levels are now under a baseline for someone of her age and profession. It will "back up what she's been…
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    Science Daily

  • How the hummingbird achieves its aerobatic feats

    21 Nov 2014 | 4:21 pm
    Although hummingbirds are much larger and stir up the air more violently as they move, the way that they fly is more closely related to flying insects than it is to other birds. Now, the most detailed, three-dimensional aerodynamic simulation of hummingbird flight conducted to date has definitively demonstrated that the hummingbird achieves its nimble aerobatic abilities through a unique set of aerodynamic forces that are more closely aligned to those found in flying insects than to other birds.
  • Theater arts research offers insight for designers, builders of social robots

    21 Nov 2014 | 11:12 am
    Researchers have provided insight into human behavior for scientists, engineers who design and build social robots.
  • Rejecting unsuitable suitors is easier said than done

    21 Nov 2014 | 11:12 am
    Rejecting unsuitable romantic partners is easy in hypothetical situations, but not so when considering a face-to-face proposition, a new study shows. “When actually faced with a potential date, we don't like to reject a person and make them feel bad, which is not necessarily something that people anticipate when they imagine making these choices,” says the study’s lead researcher.
  • New terahertz device could strengthen security

    21 Nov 2014 | 11:12 am
    We are all familiar with the security hassles that accompany air travel. Now a new type of security detection that uses terahertz radiation is looking to prove its promise. Researchers have developed a room temperature, compact, tunable terahertz source that could lead to advances in homeland security and space exploration. Able to detect explosives, chemical agents and dangerous biological substances from safe distances, devices using terahertz waves could make public spaces more secure than ever.
  • Self-regulation intervention boosts school readiness of at-risk children, study shows

    21 Nov 2014 | 11:12 am
    An intervention that uses music and games to help preschoolers learn self-regulation skills is helping prepare at-risk children for kindergarten, a new study shows. Self-regulation skills -- the skills that help children pay attention, follow directions, stay on task and persist through difficulty -- are critical to a child's success in kindergarten and beyond, said a co-author of the new study.
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    The Why Files

  • Bankers: dishonest when banking is on their minds?

    20 Nov 2014 | 7:28 am
    Bankers: dishonest when banking is on their minds! Be honest: Do you look at banking and other financial institutions and imagine the swishing sound of billions of dollars and euros flushing down the drain? Lies, thefts and frauds are not getting any scarcer grow among the people who handle money, so we ask: When a bank pays interest on your savings account, or charges interest on a loan, who sets the interest rate? The bank, usually based on Libor (London interbank offered rate). So tempers flared when major London-based bank Barclay’s was caught rigging Libor. Former Barclay’s…
  • Volcanoes: How they work, what they do

    13 Nov 2014 | 7:51 am
    Volcanoes: How they work; what they do The slow burn in Hawaii: Lava from a lobe in the forest below the P?hoa, Hi., cemetery burst past a property-line fence on Fri., Oct 31, 2014. Photo: USGS/HVO Rock is flowing once again on Hawaii’s big island, where geologic change is not a matter of centuries and millennia, but rather of hours and days. Every square inch of these Hawaiian islands owes its existence to a hot spot that conduits molten rock from deep inside Earth to the surface. Pelé, the god of the volcano, is a hungry god, and as volcano Kilauea oozes red-hot rock, the village of…
  • Imperiled species reproduces in a quiet refuge

    6 Nov 2014 | 11:34 am
    Imperiled species reproduces in a quiet refuge Why does the white rhino breed in the Fossil Rim Wildlife Center? The answer could be blowing in the wind. Sound, like sight and scent, affects animal behavior – but scientists are only now starting to focus on sound in captive environments. Photo: Fossil Rim Wildlife Center Many zoos and wildlife parks have replaced cages with more natural enclosures, but they may be paying less attention than they should to sound, says Suzi Wiseman, a graduate student in environmental geography at Texas State University-San Marcos. At last week’s meeting of…
  • Stem cell advance

    31 Oct 2014 | 7:27 am
    Stem cell advance Photoreceptors in the retina detect light and send nerve signals to the brain. The retinal pigment epithelium keeps the photoreceptors healthy. When it dies in age-related macular degeneration, the light detectors die as well. A new study that implanted new RPE cells raises new hope for stem-cell therapy. Graphic: Edited from orginal by National Eye Institute, National Institutes of Health A field long on promise and short on healing was energized on Oct. 15, 2014, when The Lancet reported on the transplant of retinal cells into 18 people who were blind because cells had…
  • Cold-War exclusive: Cuban lizards invade Florida

    23 Oct 2014 | 3:05 pm
    Cold-War exclusive: Cuban lizards invade Florida A new study of lizards along Florida’s Atlantic Coast shows that a long- lasting genetic change — evolution — can occur in just 20 generations. Scientists have seen evolution among microbes or fruitflies in the lab, but demonstrating a change in gene structure is more difficult for larger organisms living beyond the lab. For decades, native Anolis carolinensis lizards have lived on islands built of sediment dredged during construction of the Intracoastal Waterway. In the 1940s, the closely related Cuban brown anole lizard…
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  • Musk is testing x-wing style fins, spaceport drone ship

    24 Nov 2014 | 2:43 am
    ( —Elon Musk over the weekend sent out a number of tweets about what's up at SpaceX in its rocket endeavors, talking about features that triggered a steady response stream of "Awesome," "Rad," and "Wow" reactions from Musk enthusiasts, eager to track the progress of the SpaceX reusable rocket program.
  • Does bad behavior really hurt business?

    24 Nov 2014 | 1:20 am
    Silicon Valley seems to have more than its share of companies behaving badly. Among up-and-comers in the tech world, privacy abuses and executive gaffes have become viral sensations. But is all that bad behavior actually bad for business?
  • Advanced cyberspying tool dates from 2008

    24 Nov 2014 | 1:10 am
    A highly sophisticated cyberspying tool has been used since 2008 to steal information from governments, businesses and others, security researchers said Monday.
  • Tech, medical sectors mixed on Obama's immigration changes

    24 Nov 2014 | 1:10 am
    Nestled in President Barack Obama's plan to overhaul aspects of the US immigration system are tweaks to rules for high-skilled workers long frustrated with hurdles to getting work or residency approval.
  • Soyuz spacecraft docks with International Space Station

    24 Nov 2014 | 12:51 am
    A Russian Soyuz spacecraft carrying Italy's first female astronaut has safely docked with the International Space Station, NASA said.
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    Science News Headlines - Yahoo News

  • Gobble, Gobble! 6 Fun Facts About Turkeys

    24 Nov 2014 | 2:06 am
    Thanksgiving is just around the corner, and as households across the country prepare to serve up mouthwatering feasts, the famed bird at the center of these festivities deserves its time in the spotlight. Over short flights, a wild turkey can top out at about 55 miles per hour (89 km/h), according to the National Wildlife Federation. Domestic turkeys (Meleagris gallopavo), however, can't fly because they are too heavy.
  • Russian Soyuz Delivers Crew of 3 to International Space Station

    23 Nov 2014 | 9:42 pm
    NASA astronaut Terry Virts, European Space Agency astronaut Samantha Cristoforetti and cosmonaut Anton Shkaplerov blasted off atop a Russian Soyuz rocket from the Baikonur Cosmodrome in Kazakhstan at 4:01 p.m. EST (2101 GMT, 3:01 a.m. local time in Baikonur). The trio reached the space station about six hours later after a quick trip through space. Virts is planning on sharing his experiences in space via social media websites like Twitter.
  • Multi-national crew reaches space station

    23 Nov 2014 | 8:34 pm
    By Irene Klotz (Reuters) - A Russian Soyuz rocket blasted off from the Baikonur Cosmodrome in Kazahkstan on Sunday to deliver three new crew members to the International Space Station, including Italy's first female astronaut. A Soyuz capsule carrying incoming station commander Terry Virts from U.S. space agency NASA, Soyuz commander Anton Shkaplerov from the Russian Federal Space Agency and first-time flier Samantha Cristoforetti of the European Space Agency lifted off at 2101 GMT (4.01 p.m. EST) Sunday. ...
  • New Space Station Crew Launches Today: Watch Live

    23 Nov 2014 | 5:33 am
    A new three-person crew is launching to the International Space Station atop a Russian rocket today (Nov. 23), and you can watch the liftoff live online. NASA astronaut Terry Virts, European Space Agency astronaut Samantha Cristoforetti and cosmonaut Anton Shkaplerov are scheduled to launch to the space station aboard a Russian Soyuz spacecraft from the Baikonur Cosmodrome in Kazakhstan at 4:01 p.m. EST (2101 GMT) on Nov. 23. You can watch the launch live on starting at 3 p.m. EST (2000 GMT) via NASA TV. NASA will also air live coverage of the Soyuz as it docks to the space station…
  • Ancient Egyptian Handbook of Spells Deciphered

    22 Nov 2014 | 10:40 am
    Researchers have deciphered an ancient Egyptian handbook, revealing a series of invocations and spells. "It is a complete 20-page parchment codex, containing the handbook of a ritual practitioner," write Malcolm Choat and Iain Gardner, who are professors in Australia at Macquarie University and the University of Sydney, respectively, in their book, "A Coptic Handbook of Ritual Power" (Brepols, 2014).
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    Science: This Week's News

  • [Special Issue News] Skin: Shedding light on skin color

    Ann Gibbons
    20 Nov 2014 | 4:00 pm
    Why do humans have skin of various colors? Anthropologist Nina Jablonski explains that it's all about sunlight. As modern humans spread out of Africa in the past 60,000 years, they adapted to the varying natural light they encountered, from the twilight of northern winters to the blazing sun of the equator, and their originally dark skin evolved into a sepia rainbow. Jablonski has popularized this evolutionary history in countless radio and TV interviews, two popular books, and a TED talk viewed by nearly 700,000 people online. She argues that our skin color has crucial implications for…
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    Bitesize Bio

  • Say Goodbye to Restriction Enzymes and Ligases: An Introduction to Sequence and Ligase Independent Cloning (SLIC)

    Olwen Reina
    20 Nov 2014 | 11:30 pm
    SLIC, or sequence and ligase independent cloning, was developed by Li in 2007 and published in Nature Methods. What makes it a Nature Methods worthy protocol? Unlike other forms of cloning, SLIC does not require restriction enzymes or a ligase! Seriously! Don’t believe me? Why not have a go for yourself? I've detailed the main steps below to get you started. How it works To use SLIC for cloning, you first amplify a DNA fragment by PCR. You perform the PCR using specially-designed oligonucleotides that have a 25-base pair sequence on their 5’ termini that is homologous to…
  • Top Ten websites to help you with your PCR experiments

    Karen O'Hanlon Cohrt
    20 Nov 2014 | 11:00 am
    Whether you are embarking on a PhD in molecular biology, trying to amplify a new gene, analyzing gene expression by qPCR, or trying to solve a PCR problem, you will probably resort to a Google search at some point or another. How do you sort out the > 20 million hits you get when you Google ‘PCR’? This list of the Top 10 PCR websites contains those used by myself and colleagues and should be a good go-to for any of the following PCR issues: Primer design Calculating general properties of primers and amplicons (Tm, secondary structure, primer dimers) Predicting off-target amplification…
  • Making The Most Out Of Your Commute To The Lab

    Catriona Paul
    19 Nov 2014 | 11:58 am
    Power nap anyone? Depending on how long your commute is, and what type of transport you use, you could make your commute useful. If you are taking public transport, you can use that time to answer those emails you don’t have time to get to at the office/lab, or to catch up on reading some papers that you could use for journal club or your own research. Instead of looking at your commute as part of your workday, or yet another added stress, you could use your commute to relax, and act as a buffer between work and home. Using your travel time to de-stress after a hard day can be beneficial.
  • The Nature of Denaturing (Protein Gels, that is!)

    Ashleigh Miller
    18 Nov 2014 | 4:00 am
    You've nurtured your cells for weeks, perfected your experimental conditions, and nailed down all the controls. You've harvested your cells and gently lysed them, now you're ready to look at the proteins. What's one of the most common next step in protein analysis? A denaturing gel or SDS-Polyacrylamide Gel Electrophoresis! SDS-Polyacrylamide Gel Electrophoresis, or SDS-PAGE for short, is the technique where proteins are denatured and linearized, then run across a current through a thin gel, which separates the proteins by size. SDS-PAGE is a key step in many experiments…
  • The power of STED microscopy, Part 1: How does it work?

    Kathryn Lagrue
    18 Nov 2014 | 1:00 am
    Do you suspect that your favourite protein is doing something really cool? But you cannot see it because your confocal microscope’s resolution is limited. Then Stimulated Emission Depletion (STED) microscopy is what you need! With the power to smash through the diffraction limit of confocal microscopy, STED opens up a whole new world of improved sub-cellular resolution without the need for extensive post-image processing. Last month I gave you an overview of STED microscopy in part 1 of the ‘Who’s who of super-resolution microscopy’. In this series of articles on STED microscopy, I…
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    PHD Comics

  • 11/21/14 PHD comic: 'Research I Problems'

    21 Nov 2014 | 11:34 am
    Piled Higher & Deeper by Jorge Cham title: "Research I Problems" - originally published 11/21/2014 For the latest news in PHD Comics, CLICK HERE!
  • 11/19/14 PHD comic: 'To the point.'

    19 Nov 2014 | 4:37 am
    Piled Higher & Deeper by Jorge Cham title: "To the point." - originally published 11/19/2014 For the latest news in PHD Comics, CLICK HERE!
  • 11/14/14 PHD comic: 'Help!'

    16 Nov 2014 | 1:48 am
    Piled Higher & Deeper by Jorge Cham title: "Help!" - originally published 11/14/2014 For the latest news in PHD Comics, CLICK HERE!
  • 11/12/14 PHD comic: 'The Academic Review Process'

    12 Nov 2014 | 4:45 pm
    Piled Higher & Deeper by Jorge Cham title: "The Academic Review Process" - originally published 11/12/2014 For the latest news in PHD Comics, CLICK HERE!
  • 11/07/14 PHD comic: 'The Research Cycle'

    7 Nov 2014 | 5:24 pm
    Piled Higher & Deeper by Jorge Cham title: "The Research Cycle" - originally published 11/7/2014 For the latest news in PHD Comics, CLICK HERE!
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    ZME Science

  • New kind of plastic recycles itself when exposed to UV light

    Tibi Puiu
    21 Nov 2014 | 10:48 am
    In 2012, the United States generated almost 14 million tons of plastics as containers and packaging, about 11 million tons as durable goods such as appliances, and almost 7 million tons as nondurable goods, such as plates and cups. Compared to the 1960s, when plastics were less than one percent of the waste stream, this ubiquitous class of materials has now
  • Fantasy and Reality – how does the brain tell the difference?

    Dragos Mitrica
    21 Nov 2014 | 10:14 am
    Some people, like history’s greatest artists or scientists, have a fantastic imagination that long transcends reality. Others have this line completely blurred and can’t make sense of what’s real or not. For most of us, however, fantasy and reality are clearly separated in our mental psyche. Now, a team of neuroscientists have explored the neural pathways that move information pertaining to
  • Gecko-hand-gloves helps human climb wall like spiderman

    Dragos Mitrica
    20 Nov 2014 | 2:25 pm
    Watch out, Spiderman! Stanford engineers recently demonstrated a pair of  gecko-inspired hand pads strong enough to pull the weight of an adult man and to allow him to climb a wall. Scaling walls like a gecko At the center of the gecko’s clinging ability are its specialized pads, located on the reptile’s toes, comprised of various satae (bristle- or hair-like structures ) on the
  • Genetic probe flares cancer directly in the blood stream

    Tibi Puiu
    20 Nov 2014 | 12:44 pm
    The Nanoflare technology uses a genetic-based approach to detect and image live cancer cells present in the blood stream, well before these had a chance to develop into a tumor. The gene-hunting particles developed at Northwestern University might help doctors develop personalized treatments for their patients and curb cancer spread, according to the paper published in PNAS. Hunting cancer’s genes
  • CO2 never looked this beautiful: NASA show how greenhouse gases swirl the globe [VIDEO]

    Tibi Puiu
    20 Nov 2014 | 6:30 am
    NASA released a video that helps us visualize where the major CO2 emission hotspots are and how the greenhouse gas travels and swirls around the globe, guided by weather patterns. The  CO2 emissions were mapped using data gathered during May 2005 to June 2007 with 64 times the resolution of a standard climate model,  on a NASA supercomputer at Goddard Space Center in Maryland
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  • Mark Your Calendars for these events happening this week (11/24-11/30) at HMNS

    Sheila George
    23 Nov 2014 | 6:00 pm
    Bust out your planners, calendars, and PDAs (if you are throwback like that), it’s time to mark your calendars for the HMNS events of this week! Holiday Hours Thanksgiving Day – CLOSEDFriday – Sunday (11/28-11/30) – 9:00 a.m. – 6:00 p.m. * *Please note these extended hours are for Thanksgiving weekend only. E.T. Friday, November 28 7:00 p.m. A troubled child summons the courage to help a friendly alien escape Earth and return to his home-world. Click here for tickets. Holiday Trunk Show- Alexis BittarSaturday, November 2912:00 p.m. – 4:00 p.m. Alexis Bittar is described…
  • You Can Thank Science for Helping You Cook an Awesome Thanksgiving Dinner

    Sheila George
    22 Nov 2014 | 8:45 am
    Loosen your belts boys and girls, because we are approaching Thanksgiving, the day where diets and portion control cease to exist. To make things a bit easier for you, I have compiled some tips on how to make your Thanksgiving dinner a winner. And how do we do this? With science of course! Turkey When it comes to cooking turkey, the star of your Thanksgiving dinner, you have to make sure your bird comes out moist, tender, and flavorful. First thing to know is the cooking style and time depends on the parts of the turkey you are cooking. If you are going Ren-Fest style and just serving up…
  • Educator How-To: How to Make Your Own Pet Squid

    20 Nov 2014 | 5:00 pm
    The days just after Thanksgiving are always busy at the Museum. There are flurries of children on field trips, shoppers looking for that unusual and prefect gift and, my favorite, the annual installation of the holiday trees in the grand hall. The trees, which are decorated by local area non-profits, celebrate a variety of themes and causes and are not to be missed. My particular favorite each year is the tree decorated by the Houston Conchology Society. My department also gets to decorate a tree and it is always an ode to science. This year’s theme: Cephalopod Christmas. How can you go…
  • Cold Snap Raises Concern: How will the monarchs fare?

    19 Nov 2014 | 10:00 am
    Should I be concerned about the monarch butterfly? Is it going extinct? Will these cold temperatures kill the ones I’m raising? What is “OE” and should I worry about it? If you have questions about monarchs, you are in good company. Thanks to the recent petition to US Fish and Wildlife by a number of conservation organizations to grant them “threatened” status, monarch butterflies have been in the news a lot this fall. Also, more and more people are hearing about the protozoan parasite that affects monarch health, the dreaded OE (short for the unpronounceable and unspellable…
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    Chemical Heritage Foundation

  • Distillations Podcast: Babies on Demand: Reproduction in a Technological Age

    21 Nov 2014 | 6:43 am
    At the beginning of the 19th century women in the United States had an average of seven or eight children. By 1900 they had only three or four, and today 35% of American women have exactly two. How did this happen? This episode of Distillations explores the role technology has played in reproduction, and how it has affected the ethical and moral landscape that surrounds it. First, reporter Allison Quantz talks to her sister to find out what she plans to do with her extra frozen embryos. Along the way Quantz learns that there are more than one million frozen embryos in the United States with…
  • Cat Craze

    19 Nov 2014 | 8:37 am
    Do cats make you crazy? This was the question posed at last week’s Science on Tap, a monthly science café held at the Philadelphia bar National Mechanics. By the end of the talk, the answer was clear. “Probably not, but you should still be careful.” The world’s felines have something in common, a trait shared by both domestic housecats and lions in the African savannah: they carry the parasite Toxoplasma gondii, a highly infectious protozoan that can spread to most warm-blooded mammals, including humans. Felines have been the natural host of T. gondii’s reproduction cycle for…
  • On the Record

    13 Nov 2014 | 2:39 pm
    In the summer issue of the magazine we asked readers to submit their personal stories about pH meters. One of our readers, Alan Weiss, sent us a compelling tale that involves a tannery, a Beckman Model G pH meter, and a lot of guts. I graduated from P. S. duPont High School in Wilmington, Delaware, in January 1945, at the tender age of 16.  Just about all of my classmates went directly into military service, since World War II was still raging. But not me. I was too young. I applied for admission to the Wharton Business School of the University of Pennsylvania at my father’s insistence,…
  • All Falls Down

    10 Nov 2014 | 1:30 pm
    The latest (and last) issue of Chemical Heritage is out. In the new issue we observe the grim centennial of World War I’s opening. We look at the war’s effects on scientists and the effects of their creations on the rest of us. (We’ll explore themes of the science behind World War I in even greater depth in the first issue of Distillations Magazine, Chemical Heritage’s successor, due out in March.) With so much misery on our mind we greet a cheerier anniversary with relief. This week marks the 25th anniversary of the toppling of the Berlin Wall. The wall that fell on November 9,…
  • Your family tree just got a little bit more complicated....

    7 Nov 2014 | 11:03 am
    Your family tree just got a little bit more complicated. Scientists recently confirmed that the DNA found in the fossil of a 45,000-year-old human contains traces ofNeanderthal DNA. The fossilized bones were discovered near the Irtysh River in Siberia in 2008. Based on the amount of Neanderthal genetic material in the fossil, researchers believe that humans interbred with Neanderthals between60,000 and 50,000 years ago. The difficulty of sequencing ancient DNA cannot be overstated. As Sam Kean writes in the newest issue of Chemical Heritage, contamination, corruption, and chromosomal…
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    YouTube: Science

  • Kevin Delaney Makes a Cloud

    The Tonight Show Starring Jimmy Fallon
    8 Nov 2014 | 6:00 am
    Kevin Delaney Makes a Cloud Jimmy and Lucy Liu perform science experiments with Kevin Delaney, including making a giant cloud in Studio 6B. Subscribe NOW to The Tonight Show Starring Ji... From: The Tonight Show Starring Jimmy Fallon Views: 1265757 24013 ratings Time: 04:39 More in Comedy
  • 5 Crazy Ways Social Media Is Changing Your Brain Right Now

    7 Sep 2014 | 9:08 am
    5 Crazy Ways Social Media Is Changing Your Brain Right Now Your brain may never be the same! Watch our Q&A: Send us stuff! ASAPSCIENCE INC. P.O. BOX 93, Toronto P, TORONTO, ON, M5S2S6 Subs... From: AsapSCIENCE Views: 1602085 26398 ratings Time: 03:16 More in Science & Technology
  • Your Brain On Coffee

    28 Aug 2014 | 7:00 am
    Your Brain On Coffee How does the world's favourite drug actually work? Get Textbooks from Slugbooks: SUBSCRIBE! It's free: From: AsapSCIENCE Views: 2736618 31742 ratings Time: 03:15 More in Science & Technology
  • Magic Tricks You Can Do With Everyday Objects

    17 Jul 2014 | 9:11 am
    Magic Tricks You Can Do With Everyday Objects You'll never look at rubber bands or clothespins the same again. Post to Facebook: Like BuzzFeedVideo on Facebook: From: BuzzFeedBlue Views: 3009373 36259 ratings Time: 02:04 More in People & Blogs
  • What makes tattoos permanent? - Claudia Aguirre

    10 Jul 2014 | 8:31 am
    What makes tattoos permanent? - Claudia Aguirre View full lesson: The earliest recorded tattoo was found on a Peruvian mummy in 6000 ... From: TED-Ed Views: 1322799 7185 ratings Time: 04:26 More in Education
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    Drugs & Health Blog

  • Secondhand Marijuana Smoke?

    The NIDA Blog Team
    24 Nov 2014 | 12:00 am
    In concerts, at house parties, even in the hallway of apartment buildings, you may have come into contact and been exposed to secondhand marijuana smoke. In situations like these, people often worry how breathing someone else’s marijuana smoke affects them.  A couple of common questions and the answers may help you see through the fog of this smoky situation. Can you get high from inhaling secondhand marijuana smoke? Probably not.  You may have heard the phrase “contact high,” about someone breathing secondhand marijuana smoke and feeling a buzz.    There have been studies that…
  • Cigarettes: More Dangerous Than Before

    The NIDA Blog Team
    20 Nov 2014 | 12:00 am
    Is there anyone that doesn’t know how dangerous smoking cigarettes can be? It’s hard to imagine with so much public education from The Truth Campaign, The Real Cost, and Tips From Former Smokers. But what a lot of people don’t know is that cigarettes have actually become more dangerous. A recent report from the U.S. Surgeon General—the Nation’s “top doctor”—relates that cigarettes are more toxic now than in the 1950s because tobacco companies have changed the design and ingredients of cigarettes. As a result, both men and women have a much higher risk for lung cancer and…
  • ‘Marijuana: Breaking Down the Buzz’ Helps Clear Up the Confusion

    The NIDA Blog Team
    17 Nov 2014 | 12:00 am
    Do you know how long it took for tobacco smoking rates to significantly drop after researchers first linked smoking cigarettes to cancer? 40 years. In the 1920s, when the link to cancer was discovered, smoking was normal---in fact, ads for cigarettes even featured doctors saying it relieved stress! For years, people smoked in their homes and offices, in restaurants and stores, on planes and on trains. Wherever they went…they smoked.  In 1957, the nation’s top doctor—the U.S. Surgeon General—warned that cigarette smoking could cause lung cancer. Other government doctors began to speak…
  • Marijuana “Edibles” Make Candy Complicated

    The NIDA Blog Team
    10 Nov 2014 | 12:00 am
    Pop Quiz! Question: If you look at the candy in the check-out aisle in your local store, an average chocolate bar is 1 serving, and an average bag of candy-covered chocolates (which has about 30 candies) is also 1 serving. What is the average serving of a marijuana edible chocolate bar or bag of a candy that has been infused with THC—the active ingredient in marijuana? Answer:  There is no average serving. Yes, it was a trick question.  But that’s kind of what marijuana edibles are…tricky.  At least for a person who doesn’t use marijuana regularly. For example, in Colorado, a…
  • Dirty Money: How Cocaine and Germs Contaminate Our Cash

    The NIDA Blog Team
    6 Nov 2014 | 12:00 am
    Q: What do cocaine and bacteria have in common? A: They both contaminate our cash. While most of the dollar bills you come into contact with would test positive for cocaine, that doesn’t mean that they were used to snort cocaine. In fact, less than 1 percent of people age 12 or older even use the drug.   It happens because cocaine is a very fine powder that easily transfers from bill to bill. One bill with cocaine on it can contaminate an entire cash drawer or ATM. It’s a little like someone with a cold—if he or she sneezes on you, the chances are good that you’ll catch what the…
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    Naked Science Articles

  • What would happen if you were swallowed by a whale?

    19 Nov 2014 | 4:49 am
    What would happen if a human was swallowed by a whale? Could Jonah have survived?
  • Trick or treat!

    24 Oct 2014 | 3:03 am
    Just in time for Halloween, a look at nature's spooky animal imitators which play their very own version of trick-or-treat.
  • App, app and Away

    17 Oct 2014 | 6:33 am
    Our new Naked Scientists App places our news stories, the answers to science questions you always wanted to ask, science articles and our extensive catalogue of audio and video podcasts at your fingertips. After you download it for free from the Play Store, your Naked Scientists App keeps tabs on our content to let you know when we've published something new.
  • Why we ignored Ebola...

    9 Oct 2014 | 8:48 am
    This week the scientific Nobel prizes have been awarded, just as the Ebola death toll passes 7000.
  • Naked Scientists Training for Engineers

    7 Oct 2014 | 9:08 am
    Supported by The Royal Academy of Engineering, the Naked Scientists are offering candidates an opportunity to join their award-winning team to learn how to communicate science to broad audiences.
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    Mr Science Show

  • This is how you do optimisation

    7 Nov 2014 | 1:42 am
    Press Release: Kellyville Ridge Man scores a perfect 15 in OpalKellyville Ridge NSW. Local resident Tim Surendonk is celebrating today after scoring the coveted perfect 15 in Opal. As Tim explains it, a perfect 15 occurs when a user of the Opal card pays the absolute minimum amount for unrestricted travel for 6 days in a week (Tuesday-Sunday).The Opal rules allow unlimited travel after reaching 8 paid journeys, something which the average commuter will only attain after 4 days of to-work-and-back travel. You may think that this would be easy to do--just take 8 consecutive paid trips on…
  • Ep 155: Fact or Fiction with ANSTO

    13 Jul 2014 | 3:53 am
    The Australian Nuclear Science and Technology Organisation undertakes research and development in nuclear science and technology. This has wide application including nuclear medicine, atmospheric monitoring, materials engineering, neutron scattering and climate change research.ANSTO is also very active in science communication, and one of their major community engagement projects is Fact or Fiction, a 90 minute show where the audience watch clips of classic sci-fi hits before voting on whether the technology featured is actual science fact or pure science fiction. Once the audience voting has…
  • I think you've had enough, Mr. Bond

    11 Jul 2014 | 11:12 pm
    James Bond is likely to be impotent, at high risk of liver disease, and the fact he likes his martini "shaken, not stirred" is because of alcohol-induced tremors.If you weren't already convinced that a real-life James Bond would be a terrible spy - he tells people his actual name for goodness sake - the article Were James Bond’s drinks shaken because of alcohol induced tremor? outlines the likely health issues Britain's most famous fictional spy would be suffering in real life due to his outrageous alcoholism.The researchers read all 14 James Bond books and noted down each time he had a…
  • ABC Radio - June - Mars One

    20 Jun 2014 | 4:23 am
    I've been doing quite a bit of regular radio with the ABC recently (ABC Riverina and ABC Central West), so I thought it would be a good idea to put up a post each month on what we've spoken about.The main topic this month was the Mars One project, which plans to establish a permanent human settlement on Mars. This is an incredibly optimistic project, made even more interesting by the fact that it is going to be funded by a reality TV show, which will track the training and lives of the astronauts, and presumably follow them into space. A number of Australians are still in the running to be…
  • Some life analysis with Twitter

    30 May 2014 | 4:11 pm
    There was a great post recently on Flowing Data, The Change My Son Brought, Seen Through Personal Data. It got me thinking about what my life looks like through personal data and probably the best source of data since the advent of smartphones is Twitter. Twitter recently made it possible to download your personal archive and it makes for some interesting analysis. Along with RSS feeds, Twitter is my major source of online news, education and entertainment, and it is also useful for personal communications and microblogging.Downloading your personal archive is easy, but you need to do a…
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    EurekAlert! - Breaking News

  • Mutant protein takes babies' breath away

    23 Nov 2014 | 9:00 pm
    Researchers had never shown exactly how cells in the brain stem detect carbon dioxide and regulate breathing in humans. After taking a mutation from a two-month-old baby and expressing it in human astrocytes, they did exactly that -- and the research may lead to an early warning system to save premature infants with breathing trouble.
  • The sound of status: People know high-power voices when they hear them

    23 Nov 2014 | 9:00 pm
    Being in a position of power can fundamentally change the way you speak, altering basic acoustic properties of the voice, and other people are able to pick up on these vocal cues to know who is really in charge, according to new research published in Psychological Science, a journal of the Association for Psychological Science.
  • Adult survivors of childhood eye cancer experience few cognitive or social setbacks

    23 Nov 2014 | 9:00 pm
    Adult survivors of retinoblastoma, a type of eye cancer that usually develops in early childhood, have few cognitive or social problems decades following their diagnosis and treatment.
  • Schizophrenia may be triggered by excess protein during brain development

    23 Nov 2014 | 9:00 pm
    A gene associated with schizophrenia plays a role in brain development and may help to explain the biological process of the disease, according to new Rutgers research. Bonnie Firestein, professor in the Department of Cell Biology and Neuroscience, says too much protein expressed by the NOS1AP gene, which has been associated with schizophrenia, causes abnormalities in brain structure and faulty connections between nerve cells that prevent them from communicating properly.
  • Motor coordination issues in autism are caused by abnormal neural connections

    23 Nov 2014 | 9:00 pm
    Abnormal connections between neurons are the likely cause of motor coordination issues seen in autism spectrum disorder. Using a mouse model of autism, scientists from the University of Chicago identified a malfunctioning neural circuit associated with reduced capacity for motor learning. This appears to arise from an inability to eliminate unneeded neural connections in the brain. They report their findings Nov. 24 in Nature Communications.
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    The Daily Galaxy --Great Discoveries Channel: Sci, Space, Tech

  • "Our 3-D World Could be an Illusion" (Weekend Feature/Most Viewed)
    23 Nov 2014 | 9:00 am
    “We want to find out whether spacetime is a quantum system just like matter is,” said Craig Hogan, director of Fermilab’s Center for Particle Astrophysics and the developer of the holographic noise theory. “If we see something, it will completely change ideas about space we’ve used for thousands of years.” Much like characters on a television show would not know that their seemingly 3 - D world exists only on a 2 - D screen, we could be clueless that our 3 - D space is just an illusion. The information about everything in our universe could actually be encoded in tiny packets in…
  • NASA's New View of Jupiter's Ocean Moon --Is Europa the Solar System's Best Bet for Life?
    22 Nov 2014 | 7:48 am
    The puzzling, fascinating surface of Jupiter's icy moon Europa looms large in this newly-reprocessed color view, made from images taken by NASA's Galileo spacecraft in the late 1990s. This is the color view of Europa from Galileo that shows the largest portion of the moon's surface at the highest resolution. Scientists have produced this new version of what is perhaps NASA's best view Europa. The mosaic of color images was obtained in the late 1990s by NASA's Galileo spacecraft. This is the first time that NASA is publishing a version of the scene produced using modern image processing…
  • The Science Behind "Interstellar's" Stunning Wormhole Voyage (Weekend Feature)
    22 Nov 2014 | 7:00 am
    Similar in premise to many other science fiction films, something sets Interstellar apart: Many of the images are--for the most part--scientifically accurate, based on lensing calculations produced by Cornell University and California Institute of Technology scientists that show what black holes or wormholes look like. At this point, the blockbuster movie has created such a stir that one would almost have to be inside a black hole not to know about it. And while the science fiction thriller may have taken some liberties with science to make its Hollywood plot work, the imagery comes straight…
  • Image of the Day: Bizarre Red Supergaint and Neutron Star Hybrid --"A 'Theoretical' Object Proposed in 1974"
    21 Nov 2014 | 9:11 am
    Betelgeuse is one of the most massive known stars, almost the size of the orbit of Jupiter, surrounded by a nebula, which is much bigger than the supergiant itself, stretching 60 billion kilometres away from the star's surface — about 400 times the distance of the Earth from the Sun. Red supergiants like Betelgeuse represent one of the last stages in the life of a massive star in which the star increases in size, and expels material into space at a tremendous rate — it sheds immense quantities of material equal to the mass of the Sun in just 10 000 years. In a discovery decades in the…
  • “There have been 10,000 Generations Before Us --Ours Could be the First to Discover Extraterrestrial Life” --NASA (Today's Most Viewed)
    21 Nov 2014 | 5:30 am
    In 1960, the astronomer Francis Drake pointed a radio telescope located in Green Bank, West Virginia, toward two Sun-like stars 11 light years away. His hope: to pick up a signal that would prove intelligent life might be out there. Fifty years have gone by since Drake’s pioneering SETI experiment, and we’ve yet to hear from the aliens.mmBut thanks to a host of discoveries, the idea that life might exist beyond Earth now seems more plausible than ever. For one, we’ve learned that life can thrive in the most extreme environments here on Earth — from deep-sea methane seep and Antarctic…
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    Science Knowledge

  • Ingredient Focus: Nuts and Seeds

    3 Nov 2014 | 3:59 am
    Nuts and seeds pack quite a few vitamins (such as folate and vitamin E) and minerals, along with fiber and protein, in their small sizes. Nuts, in particular, also contain quite a bit of fat. Luckily, most of the fat (except in walnuts) is monounsaturated. Walnuts and flaxseed are rich in the omega-3 fatty acid linolenic acid, an essential fatty acid. One ounce of many nuts contains from 13 to 18 grams of fat, making them also a relatively high-kcalorie food. By comparison, seeds contain less fat and more fiber but still quite a few kcalories. Nuts and seeds also contain many…
  • Water

    2 Nov 2014 | 1:03 am
    The average adult's body weight is generally 50 to 60 percent water—enough, if it were bottled, to fill 40 to 50 quarts. For example, in a 150pound man, water accounts for about 90 pounds and fat about 30 pounds, with protein, carbohydrates, vitamins, and minerals making up the balance. Men generally have more water than women, a lean person more than an obese person. Some parts of the body have more water than others. Human blood is about 92 percent water, muscle and brain tissue about 75 percent, and bone 22 percent.The body uses water for virtually all its functions: digestion,…
  • Factors Influencing Food Selection

    13 Sep 2014 | 5:58 pm
    Why do people choose the foods they do? This is a very complex question, and there are many factors influencing what you eat, as you can see from this list:FlavorOther aspects of food (such as cost, convenience, nutrition)DemographicsCulture and religionHealthSocial and emotional influencesFood industry and the mediaEnvironmental concernsNow we will look at many of these factors in depth.FlavorThe most important consideration when choosing something to eat is the flavor of the food. Flavor is an attribute of a food that includes its appearance, smell, taste, feel in the mouth, texture,…
  • Food Contaminants

    13 Sep 2014 | 5:20 pm
    There is a greater reason than aesthetics to insist on clean hands at all times. Salmonella, the most common form of food poisoning and one that can kill the elderly and infirm, is often transmitted by urine. Diarrhea and dysentery often come from feces.However, the good news is that the least likely source of food poisoning is a dirty person. The classic case of “Typhoid Mary,” an itinerant dishwasher who spread typhoid wherever she worked, is long gone.Far more dangerous are bad food storage disciplines. Raw meat and cooked meat must not collide. A butcher or chef who has handled raw…
  • The Main Types of Alternative Fuels

    6 Sep 2014 | 6:38 pm
    In this section we will look at the main types of alternative fuels. We start with Biofuels as this constitutes probably the most popular AF currently in use.BiofuelsMuch recent attention has been focused on biofuels. This is highlighted economically by the fact that worldwide investment in biofuels rose from US$5bn in 1995 to US$38bn in 2005, owing to substantial investments by companies such as BP, Shell and Ford, and by Richard Branson (Grunwald, 2008).Biofuels are essentially fuels produced from renewable plant material and oils. The International Energy Agency (IEA, 2004: 26) defines…
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    Science and Enterprise

  • Coming Up: Reports from Turkey

    13 Nov 2014 | 3:01 pm
    (Bjørn Christian Tørrissen, Wikimedia Commons) 13 November 2014. Science & Enterprise will be on the road for the next two weeks, on a press and study tour of Turkey, where we hope to report on initiatives involving entrepreneurship and research in this vital and sensitive part of the world. We expect to have fewer posts through the rest of November, but will return to our regular posting on 1 December.
  • Human Longevity Accessing Twins Genomic Database

    13 Nov 2014 | 2:40 pm
    (Eddy Van 3000/Flickr) 13 November 2014. Human Longevity Inc., a bioinformatics and genomics company for solving age-related medical problems, is getting access to a database of genome and gut microbe samples from twins in the U.K. to provide a broader analytical base for designing new diagnostics and therapies. Financial details of the agreement between the San Diego company founded by genomics pioneer J. Craig Venter and King’s College London, where the TwinsUK database resides, were not disclosed. Human Longevity was founded last year to design therapies and diagnostics based on…
  • Cardiologists, Incubator Partner on Health Challenge

    13 Nov 2014 | 7:58 am
    (M4D Group/Flickr) 13 November 2014. American College of Cardiology is taking part in an international challenge to find start-ups developing breakthrough technologies, sponsored by 1776, an incubator and investment fund in Washington, D.C. The Challenge Cup, as the competition is called, takes place in 16 cities in 11 countries, with a total prize package of $650,000. Challenge Cup aims to identify the most promising start-up enterprises developing solutions to global problems in four categories: education, energy, cities, and health. The health category covers includes personal health and…
  • Type 2 Diabetes Technology Licensed in $1 Billion Deal

    12 Nov 2014 | 2:59 pm
    ITCA 650 pump (Intarcia Therapeutics Inc.) 12 November 2014. Intarcia Therapeutics Inc., developing a drug and delivery mechanism to treat type 2 diabetes, licensed its technology to the pharmaceutical company Servier in a deal with a potential value of $1 billion. The agreement gives Servier exclusive rights to Intarcia’s diabetes treatment technology to regions outside of the U.S. and Japan. Intarcia’s lead technology, code-named ITCA 650, consists of exenatide, a drug that acts like a hormone in the body known as incretin to help control blood sugar. Exenatide, like incretin,…
  • Trial Shows Engineered Antibody Relieves Psoriasis

    11 Nov 2014 | 3:48 pm
    Interleukin-17 illustration (Boghog/Wikimedia Commons) 11 November 2014. A late-stage clinical trial shows a monoclonal antibody, a type of engineered biological therapy, cleared more people of the skin condition plaque psoriasis than a placebo or a competitive treatment. The biologic drug, brodalumab, is developed by the biotechnology company Amgen and pharmaceutical maker AstraZeneca. Plaque psoriasis is the most common type of psoriasis, an autoimmune disorder, where the body’s immune system is tricked into attacking healthy cells, in this case resulting in inflammation and red,…
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    Lake Scientist | Lake Scientist

  • Calcium Loss Turning Canadian Lakes Into “Jelly”

    Daniel Kelly
    20 Nov 2014 | 7:56 am
    Beginning with the industrial revolution, calcium levels in Canadian lakes have been going down, according to research published in the journal Proceedings of the Royal Society B. The drop is due to increased lake acidity, scientists say, and is contributing to a rise in plankton that’s giving lakes there a jelly-like consistency. Investigators led by Queen University, York University and the University of Cambridge made the find using sediment cores from 36 lakes in southern Ontario. In cores from 25 of the lakes, scientists saw gradual increases in holopedium – a jelly-clad plankton…
  • Changing Winds Key To Studying Lake Tahoe’s Currents

    Daniel Kelly
    18 Nov 2014 | 8:50 am
    Scientists at the Tahoe Environmental Research Center say that Lake Tahoe is all but calm underneath the surface, according to the Nevada Appeal. And though its currents are broadly fickle, experts at the center are working to better predict how they change. Why is it important to know what Tahoe’s currents are doing? “Lake motions are important,” said Geoff Schladow, director of the TERC to the Nevada Appeal. “It’s the currents, it’s the motions, that transport everything in the water.” In other words, knowing how the water behaves beneath the surface helps scientists forecast…
  • San Francisco’s Mountain Lake Treated To Remove Invasive Fish

    Daniel Kelly
    13 Nov 2014 | 7:37 am
    After years of netting, trapping and electric stunning did little to rid San Francisco’s Mountain Lake of invasive fish, wildlife officials with the Presidio Trust decided to use poison treatment on the lake, according to the San Francisco Chronicle. The treatment, which only affected gilled organisms, was applied Nov. 12. Applying the poison, rotenone, didn’t take long – crews in charge of applying it only needed a morning. And not long after they released the mixture, ecologists following behind them were able to start pulling out carp, goldfish and other invasive fish dumped into…
  • Ecological Impacts Of Invasive Round Goby (Neogobius melanostomus) In The Laurentian Great Lakes And Beyond: Summary Of Presentations At IAGLR 2014

    Guest Submissions
    12 Nov 2014 | 8:32 am
    Aquatic invasive species (AIS) pose a significant threat to biodiversity and production from large-scaled lake and river ecosystems. AIS cause species extinctions, increase homogenization of biological communities, decrease native biotic resistance to disruptions, outcompete heterospecifics for limited prey, eat larvae or eggs of natives and parasitize native hosts. One recent and now widespread successful invader in North American Laurentian Great Lakes (hereafter Great Lakes) and many large European waterbodies is the Ponto-Caspian round goby (Neogobius melanostomus; Figure 1). Figure 1:…
  • Lake Mapourika Sediments Tell History Of Earthquakes (Video)

    Daniel Kelly
    11 Nov 2014 | 7:56 am
    Of all the things lake sediments have been used to study – like telling the history of the Spanish climate or showing the unyielding force of California drought – predicting the future likelihood of earthquakes is probably one of the most novel. Researchers at GNS Science in New Zealand recently put together a research summary for Lake Scientist describing an investigation looking at the probability of quakes near Lakes Mapourika and Paringa that sit along the country’s Alpine Fault. They’ve recently shot a video to further outline the research. Lake Mapourika. (Credit:…
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    Frontier Scientists

  • Many angles to decode frozen debris lobes

    Laura Nielsen
    19 Nov 2014 | 7:17 am
    “Something chewed on the casing,” Margaret Darrow explained. “Probably a bear.” Blue chips were scattered from the cracked pvc pipe. Inside the casings that protect the holes drilled in and around frozen debris lobe -A there’s non-toxic propylene glycol. Propylene glycol, a clear greenish liquid, prevents freezing – helpful for scientific instruments – but it […]
  • Effective stress and FDL science

    Laura Nielsen
    11 Nov 2014 | 11:22 pm
    “It’s a very dynamic slope,” Margaret Darrow said, standing in front of frozen debris lobe -A. FDL-A is a slow landslide; among the frozen debris lobes documented it’s the closest to the Dalton Highway and the Trans-Alaska Pipeline. Although the lobes likely began their life as debris left over when Pleistocene glaciers disappeared 10 to […]
  • Temperamental machinery and FDL science

    Laura Nielsen
    4 Nov 2014 | 9:15 pm
    When the machinery mounted to the man-height pole announced “RTK initialized,” the scientists gave a cheer. It was late afternoon and the morning’s downpour had finally cleared. They were gathered in a sunny spot discussing what was still on the agenda for the day when the rover – the pole and its paramount differential GPS […]
  • Droughts and fish highways

    Laura Nielsen
    21 Oct 2014 | 10:13 pm
    “I grew up on the shores of Connecticut looking into tidal pools and wondering about the plants and animals living there: where they move to when the tide goes out, and from when the tide comes in, and why. Once I even tracked my cat out my 3rd floor window and onto the roof to […]
  • The chemical map of otoliths

    Laura Nielsen
    14 Oct 2014 | 3:08 pm
    It’s about the size of a diamond and comes from the inner ear of a fish. This tiny construction holds a treasure trove of information, a calcium carbonate microchip made of bone and accessed by a laser. Let’s take a look at the science of otoliths. An otolith is a fish ear bone (from oto- […]
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    Midwest Labs Blog | Omaha, Nebraska | 402-334-7770

  • Our reliance on shipping

    Pohlman Brent
    21 Nov 2014 | 5:33 am
    Shipping more and more packages each year. With more shoppers turning to online sites, our reliance on shipping carriers keeps growing. All of the major carriers are beefing up staffs and improving processes to meet the needs of the holiday season. Check out more in this news feature. 11/20/2014 At Midwest Laboratories we take shipping very […]
  • Homemade Ice Melt

    Pohlman Brent
    20 Nov 2014 | 8:09 am
    Have you ever made your own ice melt mixture? I have used very hot water, but that has limited effect.  Check out this story and decide for yourself is this is something to try in the future. One piece of advice, make sure you try this on concrete and do not try this on a […]
  • Soil Health in 2014

    Pohlman Brent
    19 Nov 2014 | 5:32 am
    Soil Health was the big buzzword in 2014.  Midwest Laboratories recently entered the soil health market by combining conventional soil tests with newer analysis introduced by soil health. The result was the following, a new soil health report which takes a closer look at the makeup of your soil. We are receiving a lot of […]
  • Microbial Fuel Cells

    Pohlman Brent
    18 Nov 2014 | 4:53 am
    Generating electricity through bacteria in waste water. Check out this explanation from Penn State – Microbial Fuel Cell Page Renewable and clean forms of energy are one of society’s greatest needs.  At the same time, 2 billion people in the world lack adequate sanitation and the economic means to afford it.  In this research, we […]
  • What Does 200 Calories Look Like?

    Pohlman Brent
    17 Nov 2014 | 5:37 am
    As we get closer to Thanksgiving, Christmas and New Years, we also are surrounded by food at holiday parties and family gatherings. How many calories do we really consume during this time period? Enjoy your holiday meals and treats and eat sensibly. Check out this video on what 200 calories looks like and make sure you […]
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  • Explore Longform with Writing 201

    Michelle W.
    21 Nov 2014 | 7:00 am
    We often think of blog posts as being just a few paragraphs long, or being a “less serious” kind of writing. Not so! In this challenge, we’ll focus on writing longform pieces that are equally at home on your blog or in a magazine. Whether you have trouble organizing your thoughts in longer pieces of writing or simply want to challenge yourself as a blogger, Writing 201: Beyond the Blog Post can help. What is Writing 201: Beyond the Blog Post? Writing 201: Beyond the Blog Post is a four-week course to help those beginning to explore longform writing (or who are frustrated…
  • Just Released: New Blogging U. Ebooks

    Ben Huberman
    10 Nov 2014 | 8:00 am
    Our recent Writing 101 and Writing 201 Blogging U. courses were a huge success — so we thought you should be able to enjoy them even if your schedule didn’t allow you to take them in real time. We’re happy to announce that both courses are now offered as free ebooks, available for download in .pdf, .mobi (Kindle), and .epub (iBooks) formats. While conceived with nonfiction writers in mind, fiction writers (we know you’re out there, NaNoWriMo participants!) could find both courses just as useful. Which ebook should you choose? Writing 101: Build a Blogging Habit…
  • Emoji Everywhere 🎃

    Marcus Kazmierczak
    6 Nov 2014 | 3:05 pm
    Emoji? What are they? “Emoji” is a Japanese term meaning “picture character.” It’s a standard for showing smileys and other little symbols inside text. But unlike traditional smileys that are made up of a sequence of letters like , every emoji has its own letter. Emoji blossomed on smartphones, where quickly picking out an emoji is often faster than typing out a long sentence. Today we’re rolling out hundreds and hundreds of emoji across — 872 to be exact. Do they look familiar? That’s because Twitter has graciously decided to open-source their entire set,…
  • New Themes: Editor and Sequential

    David A. Kennedy
    6 Nov 2014 | 7:16 am
    Today, we have two new free themes ready for you! Editor Meet Editor, a new addition to our theme collection designed by Mike McAlister at Array. Geared toward personal bloggers and photo bloggers, Editor features big typography and images and a tab-based sidebar with a spot for featured posts, a site logo, and a social links menu. Editor makes it easy to put a personal stamp on your site or blog. Learn more about the free Editor theme at the Theme Showcase, or preview it by going to Appearance → Themes. Sequential Crafted by Thomas Guillot, Sequential is a contemporary, clean, and…
  • Longreads’ Best of WordPress, Vol. 8

    Mike Dang
    5 Nov 2014 | 8:51 am
    We’re back with a new collection of our favorite stories from across all of WordPress. 1. Books for the Broken-Hearted Hannah Richell Hannah Richell’s husband Matt was killed in a surfing accident in July. In a recent post, Richell writes about finding comfort in reading words written by people who have also experienced the shock of losing a loved one — people like Joan Didion, C.S. Lewis, and Cheryl Strayed. 2. The Shame of Poor Teeth in a Rich World Sarah Smarsh, Aeon An essay about growing up poor in America, and the role of teeth as a class signifier. 3. Giving Up the Ghost…
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  • Cerca de 80 millones de bacterias se transfieren durante un beso de 10 segundos

    Francisco P. Chávez
    17 Nov 2014 | 12:34 pm
    Nada menos que 80 millones de bacterias se transfieren durante un beso de 10 segundos. Esto según un estudio publicado en la revista Microbiome. El estudio también encontró que las parejas que se besan al menos nueve veces al día comparten comunidades similares de bacterias orales. Un ecosistema de más de 100 billones de microorganismos que viven en nuestro cuerpo y llamado microbioma es esencial para la digestión de los alimentos, la síntesis de nutrientes, y la prevención de enfermedades. Se forma no solo por la genética, la dieta y la edad, sino también por las personas con las…
  • Trasplante de neuronas derivadas de células madre embrionarias restaura función motora en la enfermedad de Parkinson

    Francisco P. Chávez
    16 Nov 2014 | 12:03 pm
    La enfermedad de Parkinson es un trastorno del movimiento incurable que afecta a millones de personas en todo el mundo, pero las opciones actuales de tratamiento pueden causar efectos secundarios graves y perder eficacia con el tiempo. En un estudio publicado por la revista Cell Stem Cell, científicos demostraron que el trasplante de neuronas derivadas de células madre embrionarias humanas (hESCs) puede restaurar la función motora en un modelo de rata de la enfermedad de Parkinson, allanando el camino para el uso de terapia de reemplazo celular en ensayos clínicos humanos. El estudio…
  • Marihuana puede ofrecer tratamiento para la enfermedad de Alzheimer

    Francisco P. Chávez
    5 Sep 2014 | 2:15 pm
      Extremadamente bajos niveles del compuesto de la marihuana conocida como delta-9-tetrahidrocannabinol, o THC, puede retrasar o detener la progresión de la enfermedad de Alzheimer, según un estudio reciente de los neurocientíficos de la Universidad del sur de la Florida. Los resultados de los experimentos, utilizando un modelo celular de la enfermedad de Alzheimer, se reportaron en línea en el Journal of Alzheimer’s Disease. Investigadores en Alzheimer mostraron que dosis extremadamente bajas de THC reducen la producción de beta-amiloide, que se encuentra en una forma…
  • Descubierto el dinosaurio terrestre más pesado del mundo

    Francisco P. Chávez
    4 Sep 2014 | 1:19 pm
      Los científicos han descubierto y descrito una nueva especie de dinosaurio súper masivo con el esqueleto más completo que se ha encontrado en su tipo. A los 85 pies (26 m) de largo y un peso aproximado de 65 toneladas (59.300 kg) en vida, Dreadnoughtus schrani sería el animal terrestre más grande para el cual una masa corporal se puede calcular con precisión. Su esqueleto es excepcionalmente completo, con más del 70 por ciento de los huesos, con exclusión de la cabeza, representada. Debido a que todos los dinosaurios supermasivos descubiertos con anterioridad sólo se conocen…
  • Secuencian genoma de la planta de café

    Francisco P. Chávez
    3 Sep 2014 | 12:35 pm
      Un equipo de investigadores ha completado la secuencia del genoma de la planta de café y revela los secretos sobre la evolución del mejor amigo químico del hombre: la cafeína. Los científicos que publicaron su trabajo en la revista Science dicen que las secuencias y posiciones de los genes en el genoma de la planta de café (Coffea canephora) que evolucionaron independientemente de los genes con funciones similares en el té y el chocolate, que también producen cafeína. En otras palabras, el café no heredó genes de la cafeína ligada de un ancestro común, pero en cambio…
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    Science + Technology – Articles – The Conversation

  • Fitness tracking data in courts – persuasive, but not conclusive

    Angela Daly, Research Fellow in Media and Communications Law at Swinburne University of Technology
    23 Nov 2014 | 7:35 pm
    No longer restricted to elite athletes, personal fitness data can be collected from people jogging, going to the gym – even sleeping. Josh Janssen/Flickr, CC BY-NDBeyond simply counting steps, fitness tracking technology creates personal black boxes that archive everything we do – even sleeping. So it’s not surprising to see that a Calgary law firm, representing a fitness instructor injured more than four years ago, announced last week it will use data taken from the plaintiff’s FitBit as an “objective” measure of activity in a personal injury lawsuit in order to show a…
  • Sound advice – a new way to eavesdrop on Nexus phones

    Kim-Kwang Raymond Choo, Fulbright Scholar and Senior Lecturer at University of South Australia
    23 Nov 2014 | 11:13 am
    Listening in to a conversation can be easy if you have the right code in place. A. Strakey/Flickr, CC BY-NDYou don’t have to look far to see how many ways criminals can exploit mobile devices for nefarious purposes. From simple phishing scams to creating fake Wi-Fi networks, the methods in which data can be stolen from smartphones seem endless. In research to be published in the journal Computers & Security in February, colleagues at the University of South Australia and I showed it’s even possible to pick up data from Android devices by “listening” to sounds humans can’t hear.
  • How to keep the world's eyes out of your webcam

    Michael Cowling, Senior Lecturer & Discipline Leader, Mobile Computing & Applications at Central Queensland University
    20 Nov 2014 | 9:04 pm
    Webcams have been made public because their passwords weren't changed from the default. Flickr/Cory Doctorow, CC BY-NC-SAThere are concerns that thousands of private webcams around the world could be streaming live images to anybody who wishes to view them – without their owner knowing – thanks to a Russian website providing a convenient list of every camera that can be accessed. But how is the website doing this? Just like with those who had concerns over Facebook’s Messenger app, the website is exploiting the fact that most users accept the default settings on webcams. People…
  • Ice bath after exercise? The benefits might be in your head

    James Broatch, PhD Candidate in Exercise Physiology at Victoria University
    20 Nov 2014 | 7:29 pm
    How much of an ice bath is a placebo? Andreas Nilsson/Flickr, CC BY-NC-NDWhether an athlete has endured the repeated joint stresses of a marathon run, or the relentless battery of hits during a football match, many will opt for a post-activity polar plunge into an ice-cold bath. There is method to this madness, though – many studies show that ice baths allow athletes to recover faster, train harder and ultimately perform better, and are thought to accelerate the body’s recovery, preparing it for the next gruelling training session. Given the subjective nature of muscle soreness, might the…
  • Things warm up as the East Australian Current heads south

    Jaci Brown, Senior Research Scientist at CSIRO
    20 Nov 2014 | 11:23 am
    Warmer waters heading south – here's sunrise off Manly in New South Wales. Flickr/Jeff Turner, CC BYOccasional erratic bursts southward of the East Australian Current (EAC) are thought to have moderated the weather of south-east Australia this autumn and winter and they continue to introduce tropical and sub-tropical marine species to Tasmanian waters. Ocean monitoring by Australia’s Integrated Marine Observing System is providing scientists with significant new insights into the changing structure of the EAC. Over the past 50 years sporadic warm bursts have become more common as the…
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  • Dave Bradley Music

    David Bradley
    20 Nov 2014 | 1:12 pm
    In case you didn’t know, I’m a science journalist by day, a photographer on my days off and a musician by night. I’ve written and recorded a few songs over the last couple of years, which you can get hold of from the usual download sites: iTunes, BandCamp, Google Play, Amazon mp3, Spotify, SoundCloud etc. Mostly originals but a handful of covers licenced through Loudr for iTunes and others. Here’s a very short list of a few of the musicians, bands and artists I admire: Athlete, America, The Beatles, David Bowie, Kate Bush, John Denver, Elbow, Peter Gabriel, Led…
  • Science is not just a theory

    David Bradley
    15 Nov 2014 | 2:53 am
    I say theory, he says theory but what do you think we mean when we talk about theories, like Big Bang theory, the theory of evolution by natural selection, the theory of relativity (both general and special) and quantum theory. Well, we don’t mean it’s “just” a theory, like some vague idea a bloke down the pub came up with to explain the woes of the world, it’s not some conspiracy theory. If only we could’ve been more positive and used another word without the negative connotations of the man on the Clapham omnibus’ conception of the word…
  • Put them on hold

    David Bradley
    15 Nov 2014 | 1:17 am
    Songs of Experience by Dave Bradley It’s a quarter of a century since the fall of the Berlin Wall, but still lives are put on hold by those who will divide and subjugate us. Isn’t it time, once again, to reject their calls, put them on hold? Put them on hold I made the call that I’m a free man I talked wild of spirit, throughout the land I saw the wonders that were open to mankind I held up hope and love and life as gifts that we might shine Then days became much darker than the night The hope we had soon vanished from our sight The love we took for granted we’d never…
  • Is breast best?

    David Bradley
    5 Nov 2014 | 6:43 am
    Is it oversharing to tell you I wasn’t breastfed as an infant? Tough. I don’t feel that being bottlefed formula milk did me any harm. Breastfeeding is natural but it’s not always possible for new mothers and the push from the healthcare workers for breast is best waxes and wanes as any social fashion. There is a lot of guilt poured on mothers who (a) choose to breast feed their infant (b) choose not to breast feed their infant (c) cannot breast feed their infant. Take your pick, there’s guilt from every angle. If it’s physiologically possible it should be every…
  • Don’t worry about anxiety

    David Bradley
    2 Nov 2014 | 1:20 am
    This week’s BBC “Point of View” was purportedly humanist but is perhaps an age-old perspective that humanity has sought and found many times throughout history for living with less worry and hopefully overcoming existentialist angst at least temporarily. Adam Gopnik identifies four different types of anxiety that afflict modern people and suggests ways to cure them. Bottom line: make the thrill of the ameliorative, the joy of small reliefs, of the case solved and mystery dissipated and the worry ended, for now – to make those things as sufficient to live by as they are…
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  • Darfur Stoves Project

    Arwen Curry
    20 Nov 2014 | 7:00 am
    This video story was originally produced by Amy Miller and was updated by Lisa Landers  and Arwen Curry. In 2003, following a series of tribal and political uprisings, the Sudanese government sanctioned violent militias, called the Janjaweed, to destroy entire villages in the western province of Darfur. Since then, a brutal campaign has targeted civilians, killing more than 400,000 people and fundamentally altering their way of life. More than a decade after the beginning of the conflict, 1.4 million people still live in densely populated refugee camps. During the first years of…
  • Searching for Life on Mars

    Sheraz Sadiq
    19 Nov 2014 | 7:00 am
      More than two years after its precisely calibrated landing on the floor of a Martian crater in August 2012, NASA’s one ton, SUV-sized Curiosity rover has traveled more than five miles across the rocky, massive Gale crater to the base of an 18,000-foot mountain, Mount Sharp. The rover is the crowning achievement of the Mars Science Laboratory, a NASA mission managed by the Jet Propulsion Laboratory in Pasadena, California. The Curiosity rover 's Mars Hand Lens Imager (MAHLI) tool was used to create this self-portrait of the rover on Mars. Image courtesy NASA / JPL – Caltech…
  • A Sea Without Stars

    Katie Campbell
    18 Nov 2014 | 7:00 am
      In this QUEST video, we travel to the shores of Washington’s Puget Sound and  join a group of scientists and volunteer divers as they shimmy into wetsuits and double check their air tanks. They move with the urgency of a group on a mission — and they are. They’re trying to solve a marine mystery. “We need to collect sick ones as well as individuals that appear healthy,” Ben Miner tells the divers as they head into the water. Miner, a biology professor at Western Washington University, is conducting experiments with hope of figuring out how and why starfish, or sea stars…
  • Secrets of the Spider Web

    Mary Fecteau
    17 Nov 2014 | 7:00 am
      Todd Blackledge admits that he sometimes gets called Spider-Man, but he’s not scaling any walls or slinging webs at bad guys. An evolutionary biologist at the University of Akron, Blackledge studies spiders and their webs, a topic that he finds endlessly fascinating. According to Blackledge, spiders get a bad rap. “In the United States, I think we’re kind of taught as children that we’re supposed to be afraid of them,” he says. “But they’re just an incredibly diverse group of animals that play incredibly important roles in our ecosystems as predators of insects.” Dr.
  • How Hydropower Dams Work [Interactive]

    QUEST Staff
    14 Nov 2014 | 7:09 am
    Click on the text boxes above to learn how hydropower dams work. Although hydropower has been in use for centuries, largely in the form of water wheels, hydroelectricity is a more recent phenomenon. Hydroelectricity is a type of hydropower and is created as moving water powers machines that produce electricity. The first hydroelectric power plants were built at the end of the 19th century. By the middle of the 20th century they were a major source of electricity. Today hydropower is the most widely used source of renewable energy making up seven percent of U.S. power production. The most…
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    As Many Exceptions As Rules

  • A Meal More Powerful Than The NFL

    19 Nov 2014 | 5:00 am
    Biology concepts – genetic code, neurotransmittersA turkey dinner with all the fixins can lead to a satisfying nap. But the meal usually takes a little longer than this to have an effect. This fellow might be more affected by last night’s activities than today’s meal.Turkeydinner at Thanksgiving brings the family together, celebrates the bountiful harvest, and puts you to sleep just as the NFL games are ready to start. Many people think that if you eat less turkey and fill up on the other goodies you can escape the post-Thanksgiving meal sleepiness. Other people look forward to eating…
  • A Goat For Thanksgiving

    12 Nov 2014 | 5:00 am
    Biology concepts – cornucopia, goat, nutrition, sustainability, browser/grazer, Cassandra hypothesis The image on top is the traditional cornucopia, filled with foods or riches. The bottom image is the version form the Hunger Games movies, filled with survival gear and weaponry. Boy, did they go the other way with that idea. I prefer a different Horn of Plenty, the Dizzie Gillespie album from 1953.Thanksgiving is a traditional time to remember the work of planting and tending, and to be grateful for the harvest. In a larger sense, it’s a time to be grateful for life’s unending bounty,…
  • Doing More With Less

    5 Nov 2014 | 5:00 am
    Biology concepts – protists, complexity, undulipodia, flagella, cilia, amoebas, Emotions are one of the things that make humans so complex. Memories attached to associations, stimulated by individualized brain chemistry makes it so you can’t predict how any one person might feel about a particular stimulus. But perhaps we are not so complex. A new study suggests that there are really only four human emotions, happy, sad, afraid, and mad. The other two commonly held states, disgusted and surprised are just sides of mad and afraid, respectively. Read the study and feel…… something.Are…
  • Almost This Or Almost That? Must Be The Other

    29 Oct 2014 | 5:00 am
    Biology concepts – Protista, taxonomy, phylum, kingdom, monophyletic, paraphyletic, cladistics, algae, diatom, dinoflagellate Euglena gracilis is an organism in the Kingdom Protista. It has one long flagellar undulipodium, but it can also move by amoeboid movement. It has chloroplasts and can do photosynthesis, but it also can eat other organisms. Is it any wonder that classifying protists is so hard?Classifying living organisms is self-perpetuating job. Imagine if the dentist sold candy in his/her office, “Here’s your root canal and your Laffy Taffy.” Scientists try their best, but…
  • Death By Haunted House

    22 Oct 2014 | 5:00 am
    Halloween is a time when fear is invited. The rush of adrenaline in a controlled environment is life-affirming. Not much else to comment on here, except that he seems to have excellent oral hygiene for a chainsaw-wielding maniac.A big man with the chainsaw and the gaping wound on his face jumps out from around the corner and growls. You leap backward and scream, your heart pounding in your ears. You’re ready to either take that power tool and teach him a lesson or to run like the kid from Home Alone. Sure you're scared, but could it kill you?Haunted houses are great examples of stimuli that…
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    Laboratory News » News

  • The answer is in the intergalactic wind

    24 Nov 2014 | 12:00 am
    Astronomers have observed the first direct evidence that an intergalactic “wind” is stripping galaxies of star-forming gas as they fall into clusters of galaxies. This explains why galaxies found in clusters have relatively little gas and less star formation compared to non-cluster or “field” galaxies. It was thought that as a field galaxy falls into a cluster of galaxies, it encounters a cloud of hot gas. As it moves through this intra-cluster medium, the cloud acts like a wind to blow away the gas within the galaxy without disturbing its stars – a process known as ram-pressure…
  • Gee-whiz science yields high res climate models

    21 Nov 2014 | 12:00 am
    A climate scientist has used the powerful supercomputers at Berkeley Laboratory to carry out ‘gee-whiz science’, producing high resolution models predicting extreme storms caused by climate change. These models, developed using version 5.1 of the Community Atmospheric Model, developed by the Department of Energy (DOE) and the National Science Foundation (NSF), are not only better at reproducing intense storms than current models, but can do it much faster. Michael Wehner used the software to run a complete model in just three months. “I’ve been calling this a golden age for…
  • Mary Rose dog male, not female

    20 Nov 2014 | 12:00 am
    The smallest member of the crew on board the Mary Rose – a dog named Hatch – was a he and not a she as previously believed. Hatch was discovered in 1981 during an underwater excavation of the famous ship, and lacked a baculum or penis bone, so was thought for many years to be female. New research from an international team of researchers, including the University of Portsmouth, has found that Hatch was actually a young male dog, most closely related to modern Jack Russell terriers, with a brown coat. “We extracted DNA from one of the dog’s teeth to identify the breed of the dog, its…
  • Philae finds organics on comet

    19 Nov 2014 | 2:22 am
    Philae detected organic molecules on the surface of comet 67P before it went into hibernation scientists have confirmed. The German-built Coasc instrument, designed to ‘sniff’ the comet’s atmosphere, picked up the compounds but scientists have yet to disclose which molecules they are or how complex they are. Although preliminary, the results provide support to the theory that comets provided some of the chemical building blocks of life. During its 60 waking hours on the comet, Philae managed to complete its primary science mission and return all housekeeping and science data from…
  • Smart drugs impair the healthy

    19 Nov 2014 | 12:00 am
    Smart drugs won’t make smart people smarter suggests new research from the University of Nottingham; instead it could impair their performance. A new study conducted by Dr Ahmed Dahir Mohamed focussed on Modafinil, a drug usually prescribed to narcoleptics but which is increasingly used by healthy individuals without wakefulness disorders. Figures estimate the so-called smart drug is taken by one in five students to boost their ability to study and improve exam success. The research, published in PLOS One, showed that the drug had negative effects in healthy people. “We looked at how the…
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    Citizen Science Projects

  • It’s a fair question: why do I do citizen science?

    Chandra Clarke
    20 Nov 2014 | 1:08 pm
    A guest post by Sharman Apt Russell Citizen science enlarges my world. When I am in the mood, I classify galaxies at the online site Galaxy Zoo, looking at images from the Hubbell Space Telescope or Sloan Sky Digital Survey. In summer, once again I will be looking for tiger beetles along the banks of the Gila River as part of a personal research project under the mentorship of two entomologists, David Pearson and Barry Knisley, co-authors of The Field Guide to Tiger Beetles of the United States and Canada. My task is to fill in a small blank spot on the world map of tiger beetles: the larval…
  • Featured TED: What New Power Looks Like

    Chandra Clarke
    3 Nov 2014 | 2:23 pm
    Here’s an interesting talk about what peer-to-peer and crowdsourced movements (like citizen science) are doing to change how power is distributed and used. The post Featured TED: What New Power Looks Like appeared first on Citizen Science Projects.
  • Reverse The Odds… On Cancer

    Chandra Clarke
    28 Oct 2014 | 7:08 pm
    Screenshots courtesy of Cancer Research UK Lots of us play computer games; indeed, according to the Entertainment Software Rating Board (ESRB), 67% of US households play video games, and the average gamer spends 8 hours a week playing them. Given how addictive and compelling some games can be, it’s nice to know there are lots of citizen science games available to make enjoying your screen time less of a guilty pleasure. On that note, Cancer Research UK has just released a new game called Reverse the Odds. Available on iOS, Android, and through Amazon, your goal is to help the Odds –…
  • Guest Lecture: University of Miami

    Chandra Clarke
    10 Oct 2014 | 8:56 am
    Late last month, I had the pleasure of speaking to the fine students at the Exploration Science Program Abess Center for Ecosystem Science and Policy at the University of Miami. In a wide-ranging discussion about citizen science, led by the center’s director, Keene Haywood, Ph.D, we explored the state of citizen science and what may be in its future. The talk has been posted online at the Exploration Science Program’s site, and you can listen to the whole thing via SoundCloud. The post Guest Lecture: University of Miami appeared first on Citizen Science Projects.
  • Hang Out With Penguins (Hot Chocolate Optional)

    Chandra Clarke
    23 Sep 2014 | 7:23 am
    What you lookin’ at? Photo credit: Ben Tubby  via Wikimedia Commons Project: Penguin Watch It’s cold in Antarctica. I mean really cold. The mean temperatures of the coldest months are −20 to −30 °C on the coast and −40 to −94 −40 to −70 °C in the interior; the best summer time temperature you can hope for on the coast is around 0°C. As you can imagine, it’s not an easy place to do research; in addition to the extreme temperatures and remoteness, it’s also very ecologically sensitive. That’s why scientists want to make the most out of information…
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    Breaking Science News |

  • NASA Scientists Release Remastered Image of Europa
    22 Nov 2014 | 5:26 am
    A new view of Europa, the sixth of Jupiter’s moons and the fourth largest, has been produced from images taken by NASA’s Galileo spacecraft in the 1990s. Discovered by Galileo Galilei and Simon Marius in 1610, Europa is the sixth-largest moon in the Solar System. Europa is named after a Phoenician princess who, according to [...]
  • Astronomers Discover Mysterious Source of Light in Dwarf Galaxy Markarian 177
    21 Nov 2014 | 1:38 pm
    A multinational group of astronomers led by Dr Michael Koss of ETH Zurich has discovered an exotic object in a galaxy some 90 million light-years away. The mystery object, named SDSS J113323.97+550415.8 (SDSS1133 for short), is part of the dwarf galaxy Markarian 177 and lies at least 2,600 light-years from the galaxy’s center. The source [...]
  • Archaeologists Shed More Light on Colonization of Tibetan Plateau
    21 Nov 2014 | 10:18 am
    An international team of scientists has discovered extensive archaeological evidence of Neolithic farming and human habitation at altitudes above 2,000 to 3,000 meters on the Tibetan Plateau. “Until now, when and how humans started to live and farm at such extraordinary heights has remained an open question,” said Prof Martin Jones of the University of [...]
  • Agricultural Production Affects Atmospheric Carbon Dioxide Cycle
    21 Nov 2014 | 7:24 am
    Crop production may generate up to a quarter of the increase in the seasonal cycle of atmospheric carbon dioxide, with corn playing a leading role, according to a new study published in the journal Nature. Each year in the Northern Hemisphere, levels of atmospheric carbon dioxide drop in the summer as plants inhale, and then [...]
  • Philae Records Sound of Landing, Conducts Experiments on 67P/Churyumov-Gerasimenko
    20 Nov 2014 | 11:50 am
    An instrument called SESAME-CASSE aboard Rosetta’s 100-kg Philae lander has recorded the sound of touchdown – in the form of vibrations detected in the soles of the lander’s feet – as it first came into contact with the comet. Before going into the sleep mode, the lander has also been able to collect the ambient [...]
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    Labguru Blog

  • Impact of Open Data Movement on Data Management and Publishing

    Amy Kallmerten
    28 Oct 2014 | 1:42 am
    “If I have seen a little further it is by standing on the shoulders of Giants.” When Sir Issac Newton wrote this in a letter to his rival, he actually had borrowed the phrase itself. Whether or not this quote predates John of Salisbury in the 12th century is not known, but the most commonly used version is: “We are like dwarfs sitting on the shoulders of giants. We see more, and things that are distant, than they did, not because our sight is superior or because we are taller than that, but because they raise us up and by their great stature add to ours.” The open access movement…
  • 4 Ways to Reliably Reproduce Research

    Josh Phillipson
    23 Oct 2014 | 8:34 am
    Copyright Recent studies indicate that at least 70% of certain types of research (particularly around life sciences) is not reproducible. Funders, reviewers, and researchers are increasingly demanding improved processes to improve reproducibility rates. Rather than just talking about the problem, we'd like to share some practical effective tips for improving your lab's research reproducibility. Click below to view the webinar recorded Oct. 29, 2014, and join the discussion! Watch the webinar now!
  • Super Mario, Minions, and Labguru

    Josh Phillipson
    5 Oct 2014 | 2:39 am
    Earlier this week, we released a new plate element to Labguru's experiments and protocols modules. We claimed it's versatile and powerful. Did we mention it's also fun? Check out Stas's plate art: Want to try your hand at plate art? Signup for a Labguru trial, open a project, add a plate to an experiment procedure, then share your results in the comments below!
  • Labguru Steps up to the Plate

    Josh Phillipson
    30 Sep 2014 | 11:29 pm
    Though Jeter is no longer stepping up to the plate, we're just getting started. In close consultation with customers including Victoria Yoon from Gladstone's Huang Lab and Alexander Chamessian from Duke's Ji Lab we've rolled out the ability to add a plate element to your protocol and experiment layouts. You may select the plate size, and quickly define the contents of each well. Here's a short video to see it in action:Well, well, well. Researchers may now easily and intuitively define the contents of each well in their plates, and link each sample and plate to its experiment. As always,…
  • Annotate Images on @labguru

    Jonathan Gross
    19 Feb 2014 | 12:27 am
    Requested by many users, Labguru now supports image annotations. No matter where your image belongs - whether in a document, milestone, protocol or an experiment's result - you can now quickly annotate it. Draw attention and better document what is seen. We know that you generate tons of images, now it is easier to embed these and draw / write on them, highlighting key features. Once you annotate your images, you can download the annotated file or the original: Also annotated images will appear on your timeline, pdf reports for projects and experiments. If you've already uploaded…
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    Just Science

  • 15 Hours of Science on a Comet

    19 Nov 2014 | 8:17 am
    Early on Wednesday morning the European Space Agency completed another milestone in a ten year journey to study Comet 67P know as Churyumov-Gerasimenko by successfully dropping a laundry machine size lander from an orbiting satellite. ESA has been touting…The post 15 Hours of Science on a Comet appeared first on Just Science.
  • Images From The Rosetta/Philae Landing

    13 Nov 2014 | 7:42 am
    By now everyone knows,  humans have landed on a comet for the first time ever!!! It’s going to be quite exciting to see what we can find there. So far not much of the data gathered has been released. But here are some photos from the comet landing….The post Images From The Rosetta/Philae Landing appeared first on Just Science.
  • The Copenhagen Wheel turns any bicycle into an electric hybrid

    5 Nov 2014 | 8:44 am
    The heyday for electric vehicles was way back in the early ’30s – the 1830s that is. By 1867, a workable two-wheeled electric cycle was on display at the Paris World Exposition courtesy of Austrian inventor Franz Kravogl. In the early 1900s, the premier…The post The Copenhagen Wheel turns any bicycle into an electric hybrid appeared first on Just Science.
  • The Best Sensory Integration Disorder Toys for Kids

    5 Nov 2014 | 8:42 am
    It seems that everyone in my family has Sensory Processing Disorder to some degree or another. My mother can’t be around strong smells, my older daughter can’t handle crowds, my younger daughter either feels too much or too little, and I can’t deal with…The post The Best Sensory Integration Disorder Toys for Kids appeared first on Just Science.
  • The Best Sensory Integration Disorder Toys for Kids

    5 Nov 2014 | 8:41 am
    It seems that everyone in my family has Sensory Processing Disorder to some degree or another. My mother can’t be around strong smells, my older daughter can’t handle crowds, my younger daughter either feels too much or too little, and I can’t deal with…The post The Best Sensory Integration Disorder Toys for Kids appeared first on Just Science.
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    Tommylandz ツ™

  • This Man Took Some Old, Trashed Cardboard And Built A Giant Millennium Falcon

    Tommylandz ツ™
    21 Nov 2014 | 12:53 pm
    "A Reddit user posted his project of epic proportions. He built a huge, detailed model of the Millennium Falcon from Star Wars and the results rocked!" The post This Man Took Some Old, Trashed... [[ This is a content summary only. Visit my website for full links, other content, and more! ]]
  • How To Spice Up Your Hot Chocolate On A Cold Winter Night

    Tommylandz ツ™
    20 Nov 2014 | 5:07 pm
    "Winter is coming, and some parts of the world are already covered in deep deep snow. The best way to warm those cold toes and hands is a cup of hot sweet chocolate." The post How To Spice Up Your... [[ This is a content summary only. Visit my website for full links, other content, and more! ]]
  • This Strange Baker Makes Bread Stranger By Baking This Body Part Bread

    Tommylandz ツ™
    20 Nov 2014 | 4:39 pm
    I don't know if I could get over the fact that these look like chopped-up citizens. Maybe I'd try an ear first? The post This Strange Baker Makes Bread Stranger By Baking This Body Part Bread... [[ This is a content summary only. Visit my website for full links, other content, and more! ]]
  • Time-lapse video of snow in Buffalo takes internet by storm

    Tommylandz ツ™
    20 Nov 2014 | 11:59 am
    STUNNING VIDEO: Images and video of a ferocious storm that dumped massive piles of snow on Buffalo, NY are taking the internet by storm.This time-lapse video shows the monster lake effect snow band... [[ This is a content summary only. Visit my website for full links, other content, and more! ]]
  • You’re Not Going To Believe The Things People Used To Do With Dead Bodies

    Tommylandz ツ™
    20 Nov 2014 | 6:32 am
    Convention dictates that when you and your loved ones die, you have two options: burial and cremation. The post You’re Not Going To Believe The Things People Used To Do With Dead Bodies... [[ This is a content summary only. Visit my website for full links, other content, and more! ]]
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    Science Archives

  • Microbes, Cause Mass Extinction 252 Million Years Ago

    15 Nov 2014 | 7:22 am
    In the history of the Earth, mass extinction is estimated to occur 252 million years ago, where 90 percent of Earth's species suddenly disappeared and is known as the largest mass extinction ever happened. Scientist has yet to determine the actual cause of mass extinctions, they are difficult to predict and various scientists expressed a controversial opinion. Researchers from the
  • Pygmy Grasshopper Found In Amber 20 Million Years

    15 Nov 2014 | 7:18 am
    An amber (stone resin) was found 50 years ago in the Dominican Republic, when the scientists get a collection of 20 million years old amber are generating new insights about ancient tropical insects and the world that we never see today. Amber has been fully preserve fossils Pygmy grasshopper over the years, scientists say that the amber collection is the largest in the Dominican science. 
  • Carboniferous Gephyrostegus, Primitive Vertebrate 300 MY Ago

    15 Nov 2014 | 7:18 am
    The paleontologist at the Natural History Museum and academics from the University of Lincoln, Cambridge and Solvakia successfully reconstruct the structure of the primitive vertebrate specimens that lived about 308 million years ago. Carboniferous Gephyrostegus is a lizard-like reptile that could be an example of the beginning and explain the origin of all primitive vertebrates, including
  • Anzu Wyliei, The 'Chicken Hell' Ancient Mysterious Bird

    15 Nov 2014 | 7:18 am
    Recently, scientists have discovered a mysterious bird fossils, dinosaur called Anzu Wyliei. Paleontologists call this new species as Chicken Hell, because the shape is very similar to the Devil Bird is written in ancient mythology. Discovery is being seen that first time and a mysterious dinosaur, three specimens almost collectively form the overall fossil provides the opportunity for
  • Predators In The Top Of Food Chain After Mass Extinction

    15 Nov 2014 | 7:17 am
    For over 252 million years ago there has been the largest extinction event in the Late Permian period. This disaster destroyed nearly 90 percent of the predators that live in the sea, and so far scientists argue that the ecosystem has recovered gradually.  Ecosystem may have experienced during the recovery period of approximately 8 to 9 million years and large predators have been in the top
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    FiveThirtyEight » Science | FiveThirtyEight

  • Are The Concerns About Water Fluoridation Legit?

    Emily Oster
    10 Nov 2014 | 3:30 am
    If you’re anything like me, you have probably given only limited thought to the fluoride in your tap water. You probably have some vague idea that it’s there and that it relates to your dental health. But community water fluoridation is a fairly controversial practice. Some cities (Portland, Oregon, for example) have blocked the introduction of fluoride, and numerous advocacy groups call for its elimination all together.Those who support water fluoridation — a group that includes the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, the American Academy of Pediatrics and the American…
  • Grading Your State’s Preparedness For An Ebola Outbreak

    Andrew Flowers
    3 Nov 2014 | 3:01 am
    From time to time, without warning, more than 200 public health workers in Nevada get an urgent call on their cellphones.“We say, ‘You’re being called in,’ ” said Erin Seward, the state’s public health preparedness manager. “This is an emergency.”Generally, it’s not. It’s a drill aimed at testing how ready the state is for a public health emergency — whether an anthrax attack or a major outbreak of flu, for example. When the call comes, first responders from state, local and private agencies across Nevada’s 111,000 square miles practice distributing vaccines,…
  • Is 21 Days Long Enough For Ebola Quarantine?

    Carl Bialik
    24 Oct 2014 | 5:04 am
    In Dallas this week, 43 people who came in contact with Thomas Eric Duncan after he contracted Ebola were released after 21 days of quarantine. In Madrid, people who were exposed to an infected nurse could be released from isolation soon if they get through 21 days without showing symptoms. The paramedics who brought Craig Spencer, the New Yorker diagnosed with Ebola this week, to the hospital will have their temperatures taken twice a day for 21 days.Why 21 days? And is 21 days enough?Both the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and the World Health Organization say Ebola’s…
  • Rating Chili Peppers On A Scale Of 1 To Oh Dear God I’m On Fire

    Anna Maria Barry-Jester
    15 Oct 2014 | 1:02 pm
    As I traveled the country this summer in search of America’s Best Burrito, I heard time and time again that the chiles in the United States weren’t spicy enough. It was an odd complaint, given the headlines last year about world-record-setting peppers from South Carolina. A Mexican family in Kentucky complained they couldn’t make the food they had in Zacatecas. In El Paso, a restaurateur told tales of crossing the border to Juarez just to get a burrito that packed some heat. I wondered, why were certain peppers spicier in some places than others?I’d been victim to dud…
  • We Still Can’t Predict Earthquakes

    Carl Bialik
    14 Oct 2014 | 6:54 am
    Twenty-five years ago, millions of baseball fans around the country turned on their televisions expecting to watch a World Series game — and saw live footage of a deadly earthquake instead. The San Francisco Giants and the Oakland A’s, and the 62,000 fans watching them in Candlestick Park in San Francisco, felt the ground under them shake. The baseball commissioner thought it was a jet flying overhead. Oakland’s manager thought the crowd was stomping its feet. Then a section of the right-field stands separated in two by a few inches. Players ran to gather their family…
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    Green Planet

  • Green Economy

    Prasun Barua
    16 Nov 2014 | 9:23 am
    What is Green Economy?Green Economy is the economy wherein sustainable society exists with zero carbon emissions and a one-planet footprint. Here, naturally restored renewable resources are utilized to acquire energy. A green economy is applicable to people, planet and profits at the micro and macro-economic level of all organizations. Meanwhile, the foundation of “Black” energy economy exists with carbon-intensive fossil fuels such as petroleum and coal. On the other hand, a low-carbon economy is different from a green economy as carbon emissions are still created by…
  • Green Business

    Prasun Barua
    9 Aug 2014 | 6:42 am
    What is Green Business?A green business is a business which consists minimal negative impact on environment, community, society and economy. It develops business policies and demonstrates commitment to a healthy and sustainable future. A green business should contribute to enhance the quality of life for its employees and customers. Now a days, certification systems have been introduced which strive to standardize these policies.Green Business should meet following requirements:Business decisions and policies should be implemented following all the principles of sustainability.The business…
  • Green City

    Prasun Barua
    21 Jul 2014 | 11:16 pm
    Green City is the system of creating a green and sustainable city by utilizing and implementing green technologies and policies. It includes renewable energy generation, environmental impact per person, environmentally friendly green transport used by people, recycling programs, constructing green building and reserve green spaces.Following implementations are necessary in order to create a Green City:Appropriate urban planning should be made comprehensively.Location with green natural beauty makes people feeling a connection to their surroundings.Going green not only save the planet but also…
  • Bio electricity

    Prasun Barua
    21 May 2014 | 2:38 am
    Bio electricity is the process of producing electromagnetic energy by living organisms. The bio electric activity which happens throughout the human body is very necessary to life. Living cells can produce electric, magnetic and electromagnetic fields which enable the action of muscles and the transmission of information in the nerves. This is the concept of quick signaling in nerves. It produces physical processes in muscles or glands. There is some similarity among the muscles, nerves and glands of all organisms. The early development of fairly efficient electrochemical systems is the…
  • Solar Boat

    Prasun Barua
    17 May 2014 | 5:39 am
    Solar boat is an electrical boat which is powered by solar energy utilizing solar photovoltaic modules, batteries and other necessary electrical accessories. They are quiet, independent and clean engines. Here, batteries store free energy from the sun.The available sunlight is converted into electric power by solar cells which are temporarily stored in batteries. It is used to drive a propeller through an electric motor. Typically, power levels are within a few hundred watts to a few kilowatts. A specific solar boat can run on solar energy depends on its technical design, the amount of…
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  • NASA To Boldly Go Where No One Has Gone Before

    Alakananda Mookerjee
    18 Nov 2014 | 10:23 am
    A couple of years ago, NASA announced that it was developing a “warp drive” that would enable “faster-than-light” travel. A few months back, it revealed what a spacecraft, equipped with such a technology, might look like. The project—a collaboration between starship designer Mark Rademaker and NASA aerospace engineer Harold White—has yielded the I.X.S. Enterprise. The I.X.S. Enterprise. Credit: Mark Rademaker/ Flickr Though not quite as streamlined as its science-fictional namesake, U.S.S. Enterprise, its disc-shaped flight deck instantly conjures the bridge from where Captain…
  • Silent Suffering:Marine Parks

    Ellie Pownall
    12 Nov 2014 | 10:30 am
    Throughout the world there are over 30 sea life centre’s housing hundreds of different species. The 2004 study of UK public aquariums found that a massive 79% of animals in the aquariums studied were wild-caught. Wild life experts such as Captive Animal Protection Society (CAPS) are increasingly concerned about the treatment of animals in Sea Life facilities. Although Sea Life aquariums have many conservation projects such as “Sea Life trust” and projecting global schemes such as “Beach Clean”, “Back from the brink” and “Conversation of turtle nests”, CAPS have found that…
  • No Windows, But One Breathtaking Vista

    Alakananda Mookerjee
    10 Nov 2014 | 9:36 am
    CPI, a U.K.-based technology incubator is developing an airplane fuselage that has no windows. In place of portholes, it’ll have a series of high-resolution digital-display panels, lining the cabin walls, which will project the scene outside the aircraft, captured by outboard cameras, reports The Economist. This would make the plane seem as if it had one long, continuous window. Cameras on the inside would track the movements of a passenger’s head and automatically adjust it for parallax so as to enhance of sensation of looking out of a window. The technology could be ready within a…
  • Genetic Engineering : Are There Lines We Shouldn’t Cross?

    Ellie Pownall
    3 Nov 2014 | 10:17 am
    Since the first genetically modified organism in 1973, genetic engineering has taken off both industrially and scientifically. Famous faces such as Bill and Melinda Gates have worked hard to produce ‘Affinivax’, a new biotechnology company focused on vaccine development. However many scientists such as Thierry Vrain are against genetic engineering. He states “When I hear we need genetic engineering to feed the world, I cringe. It turns out that there is no increase in yield, no decrease use of pesticides, and the process is of highly questioned safety.” There are many different…
  • Tomorrow’s Spacecraft Will Fly On “Coffee Can” Engines

    Alakananda Mookerjee
    29 Oct 2014 | 10:13 am
    As your eyes roll over these words, Dawn, an unmanned NASA probe, is coursing away from us, heading into the hinterlands of an asteroid belt, a region of roving rocks that lies between Mars and Jupiter. It’s en route to the rocky ice ball of Ceres, one of the two dwarf planets in the solar system—the other is Pluto—and is expected to arrive there, its second destination, sometime in April, 2015. For a little over a year, from July, 2011 to September, 2012, it aerially perambulated over Vesta—the other massive celestial body in that neck of the cosmic woods—taking in its dry vista;…
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    Draw Science


    Viputheshwar Sitaraman
    16 Nov 2014 | 2:50 pm
    Viputheshwar SitaramanFounder, BloggerDraw Science.Article: Troxel WM (2010). It's more than sex: exploring the dyadic nature of sleep and implications for health. Psychosomatic medicine, 72 (6), 578-86 PMID: 20467000 [Full Text (PDF)]Putilov, A., Donskaya, O., & Verevkin, E. (2015). How many diurnal types are there? A search for two further “bird species” Personality and Individual Differences, 72, 12-17 DOI: 10.1016/j.paid.2014.08.003 [Full Text (HTML)]Wang, C., Sun, Y., & Zang, H. (2014). Music therapy improves sleep quality in acute and chronic sleep disorders:…

    Viputheshwar Sitaraman
    11 Nov 2014 | 1:29 pm
    Emily GallowayColumnistThe Wannabe ScientistViputheshwar SitaramanFounder, BloggerDraw Science.Until the late 19th century, it was odd for doctors, let alone people in general, to wash their hands. But in 1847, Dr. Semmelweis discovered that the spread of puerperal fever, a fatal disease commonly contracted by women in labor, was reduced when obstetric nurses disinfected their hands. Dr. Semmelweis proposed that microbes transferred between people could spread infection, and his solution was the invention of hand disinfection (2).Good hygiene leads to less disease? This sounds like a…

    Viputheshwar Sitaraman
    2 Nov 2014 | 6:08 pm
    Viputheshwar SitaramanFounder, BloggerDraw Science.Article: Alberts, B., Kirschner, M., Tilghman, S., & Varmus, H. (2014). Rescuing US biomedical research from its systemic flaws Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 111 (16), 5773-5777 DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1404402111 [Full Text (HTML)]

    Viputheshwar Sitaraman
    2 Nov 2014 | 6:08 pm
    Viputheshwar SitaramanFounder, BloggerDraw Science.Article: Alberts, B., Kirschner, M., Tilghman, S., & Varmus, H. (2014). Rescuing US biomedical research from its systemic flaws Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 111 (16), 5773-5777 DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1404402111 [Full Text (HTML)]

    Viputheshwar Sitaraman
    12 Oct 2014 | 6:50 pm
    Viputheshwar SitaramanFounder, BloggerDraw Science.Article: Qiu, X., Wong, G., Audet, J., Bello, A., Fernando, L., Alimonti, J., Fausther-Bovendo, H., Wei, H., Aviles, J., Hiatt, E., Johnson, A., Morton, J., Swope, K., Bohorov, O., Bohorova, N., Goodman, C., Kim, D., Pauly, M., Velasco, J., Pettitt, J., Olinger, G., Whaley, K., Xu, B., Strong, J., Zeitlin, L., & Kobinger, G. (2014). Reversion of advanced Ebola virus disease in nonhuman primates with ZMapp Nature, 514 (7520), 47-53 DOI: 10.1038/nature13777[Full Text (PDF)]
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    AweSci - Science Everyday

  • [Video] Size of an Atom

    Anupum Pant
    23 Nov 2014 | 9:35 am
    By Anupum Pant Atoms are very very tiny. So tiny that it is very hard for us to picture it in our minds. This video illustrates how small atoms really are. That’s not all. You’ll be surprised by how incredibly small the nucleus is. So small, that most of the atom is only empty space… Everything is made up of atoms. And, considering the extremely tiny size of a nucleus, that means everything is made up of mostly empty space. The post [Video] Size of an Atom appeared first on AweSci - Science Everyday.
  • What Makes Rivers Curvy

    Anupum Pant
    22 Nov 2014 | 9:35 am
    By Anupum Pant Rivers are never straight. What makes them curvy is something I never questioned in the first place. What’s really fascinating is, how these curves form. They are almost always in pairs, alternating curves, unless there’s some geographical feature messing with the natural flow. From a hypothetical straight line river, these curves start forming when there’s even a slight aberration in the bank. Besides that thicker a streams make bigger curves. And smaller tributaries meander in tighter turns. This is what makes rivers (with their smaller tributaries turning…
  • Stopping Bleeding Cuts in Seconds

    Anupum Pant
    21 Nov 2014 | 9:35 am
    By Anupum Pant Be it in the battle field or somewhere else, severe bleeding can cause death in seconds. And until now we had nothing to stop bleeding instantly. At least not in 10 seconds flat. Here’s a gel that stops bleeding and merges into the extracellular matrix within a few seconds. It’s almost the end of 2014 and we’ll have it by the year 2015 starts. This is how science addresses practical problems like a boss… The post Stopping Bleeding Cuts in Seconds appeared first on AweSci - Science Everyday.
  • Jack Barnes and Irukandji Syndrome

    Anupum Pant
    20 Nov 2014 | 9:35 am
    By Anupum Pant Irukandji Syndrome is a condition which is so painful that even when the patient suffering from it is given the maximum dose of morphine, will still be in absolute agony. The victim also can’t be made unconscious because to ensure survival doctors have to monitor the victim while they’re conscious. It can also cause cardiac arrest, but is rarely fatal. This is how Wikipedia puts it: One unusual symptom associated with the syndrome is a feeling of “impending doom”. Patients have been reported as being so certain they are going to die, they beg their…
  • A New Glow Worm

    Anupum Pant
    19 Nov 2014 | 9:35 am
    By Anupum Pant While walking across a dirt wall in the rainforest of Tambopata in Peru in 2011, a wildlife photographer Jeff Cremer noticed a few glowing creatures embedded in the wall. He clicked a few pictures and posted them on Reddit to ask the internet if anyone knew what these were. Entomologists Aaron Pomerantz and his colleagues at the University of Florida went there to see these insects for themselves. They found that the insects were larvae with huge mandibles – which indicated they were predatory. Also, the larvae were bioluminiscent and could control when they wanted to…
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  • Complex Single Molecules Successfully Manipulated On Atomic Scale By Manual System

    15 Nov 2014 | 7:52 pm
    Scientists at the German Jülich Research Center (Forschungszentrum Jülich) have developed a powerful new method that allow real-time, interactive manual manipulation of individual molecules.  All previous attempts have worked on individual atoms, which is actually an easier problem.  In a demonstration, an operator manually carved out the word “JÜLICH” on a single layer of atoms, […] The post Complex Single Molecules Successfully Manipulated On Atomic Scale By Manual System appeared first on Neomatica.
  • Scattering In Single-Layer Material Reveals New Understanding Of High Temperature Superconductivity

    12 Nov 2014 | 8:09 pm
    Placing a 2D single-atom thick layer of iron selenide over a strontium-titanium-oxygen (also known as strontium-titanate, STO or SrTiO3) substrate massively increases the superconductivity temperature of the bulk 3D form of iron selenide from a chilling 8 Kelvin to a balmy 70 Kelvin (0 Kelvin is absolute zero, the lowest possible temperature).  High temperature superconductors […] The post Scattering In Single-Layer Material Reveals New Understanding Of High Temperature Superconductivity appeared first on Neomatica.
  • Hubble Finds 200 Billion Orphan Stars Adrift Between Galaxies, Torn Free Due To Collision

    9 Nov 2014 | 10:25 pm
    NASA’s Hubble Space Telescope, as part of its Frontier Fields project, has detected the glow of a massive collection of approximately 200 billion orphan stars ripped from their parent galaxies billions of years ago due to a major collision.  The distance to the clusters is 4 billion light years.  The cluster itself is nicknamed “Pandora’s […] The post Hubble Finds 200 Billion Orphan Stars Adrift Between Galaxies, Torn Free Due To Collision appeared first on Neomatica.
  • A Genetically-Engineered Modular AND Logic Gate Curtails, Kills And Prevents Metastasis Of Bladder Cancer

    7 Nov 2014 | 11:04 pm
    Scientists have designed a new kind of modular, “logic circuit” therapy, by realizing a genetic AND gate that combines information from two kinds of inputs to render an active therapy.   The circuit was applied to bladder cancer cells by uptake as a strand of DNA containing the genetic components.  When taken up by normal cells […] The post A Genetically-Engineered Modular AND Logic Gate Curtails, Kills And Prevents Metastasis Of Bladder Cancer appeared first on Neomatica.
  • Combustionless Electricity Generation From Jet-Fuel With Novel Biofuel Reactions

    6 Nov 2014 | 9:35 pm
    Scientists have created the first room-temperature fuel cell that exploits the high energy density of jet fuels to generate electricity directly without the need for an internal combustion engine.  Prior attempts to use alkane-based liquids such as jet fuel have led to degradation of the metal catalysts due to presence of high concentrations of sulfur […] The post Combustionless Electricity Generation From Jet-Fuel With Novel Biofuel Reactions appeared first on Neomatica.
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    OMNI Reboot

  • Mysterious Galaxies – Revealing The Cosmos

    John Foley
    23 Nov 2014 | 1:00 pm
    Galaxies are shrouded in mysteries but researchers strive to reveal the cosmos. OMNI 1970'sAt the tone, the age of the universe will be 14.5 billion years. Beeeeeeep! That figure was obtained by astrophysicists Demosthenes Kazanas, David N. Schramm, and Kem Hainebach in a study that they believe represents the best estimate so far of the elapsed time since our universe was formed in an explosion commonly called the "Big Bang." Previous estimates, reached by using a variety of methods, have ranged from 8 billion years to 20 billion years. Kazanas and Schramm, of the Enrfco Fermi Institute of…
  • Lizards And Snakes Make Hemipenis Love

    Dan Rivero
    22 Nov 2014 | 3:00 pm
    Male lizards and snakes have not one penis but two, called hemipenes, and each one is connected to its own testis. How does an aroused snake or lizard decide which of their two penises to use? David Crews of Harvard's Museum of Comparative Zoology conducted a study to find out. So far, he has discovered that lizards of the species Anolis carolensis do not naturally favor one hemipenis over the other. When Crews surgically removed one hemipenis, the lizards simply chose the mating posture that allowed to use the remaining organ. However, when Crews half-castrated the animals, removing just…
  • OMNI Magazine: November 1990 – “Amusement Parks Of The Future”

    Andrew Seel
    21 Nov 2014 | 2:01 pm
    The November 1990 Issue of OMNI Magazine investigates the future of amusement parks and entertainment. In November 1990, OMNI explores tomorrows theme parks to stimulate the mind and excite the senses. Millions of dollars are going into creating new interactive, computer-simulated rides. Today's amusement park favorite, is still the roller coaster. What might replace the roller coaster? OMNI investigates the fastest, most frightening rides to suffer through and speculates about the future. "Will moon walks, robotics, and sensory experiences be able to replace stomach-churning rides of…
  • OMNI Gallery Updates: November 21, 2014

    Edward Simmons
    21 Nov 2014 | 8:54 am
    Edward Simmons Having worked for several exhibitions merging the universes of science and art, Simmons is no stranger to the beauty of nature. Simmons now works for OMNI Reboot as a freelance curator, allowing him to pursue his passion for natural photography.  FOLLOW OMNI REBOOT ON TWITTER OMNI GALLERY UPDATES: NOVEMBER 21, 2014 OMNI Reboot is dedicated to people passionate about the universe of sci-fi. Technology should be investigated, understood, scrutinized and loved. Art can tell a captivating story of the future the same way science fiction can. OMNI Reboot works to create an…
  • OMNI Reboot’s Things To Do This Weekend: Chicago

    Esther Kim
    20 Nov 2014 | 7:51 am
    OMNI Reboot recommends things to do this weekend in Chicago to fuel your passion. As a writer for OMNI Reboot, I am always scanning for the next big thing to assimilate in the world of science fiction. This weekend, I have set course for Chicago. The Windy City is home to numerous burlesque show situated in the world of science fiction. The Gorilla Tango Theater  has crafted such production as The Rack of Khan: A Star Trek Burlesque and Boobs on Endor: A Return of the Jedi Burlesque. Dancers reinterpret science fictionuniverses to groovy disco more appropriate in a roller rink while…
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    Top stories

  • New terahertz device could strengthen security

    23 Nov 2014 | 12:34 pm
    We are all familiar with the hassles that accompany air travel. We shuffle through long lines, remove our shoes, and carry liquids in regulation-sized tubes. And even after all the effort, we still wonder if these procedures are making us any safer. Now a new type of security detection that uses terahertz radiation is looking to prove its promise. Able to detect explosives, chemical agents, and dangerous biological substances from safe distances, devices using terahertz waves could make public spaces more secure than ever. Subject:  Technology
  • Quantum mechanical calculations reveal the hidden states of enzyme active sites

    23 Nov 2014 | 8:00 am
    Enzymes carry out fundamental biological processes such as photosynthesis, nitrogen fixation and respiration, with the help of clusters of metal atoms as "active" sites. But scientists lack basic information about their function because the states thought to be critical to their chemical abilities cannot be experimentally observed. Now, researchers at Princeton University have reported the first direct observation of the electronic states of iron-sulfur clusters, common to many enzyme active sites. Subject:  Technology
  • Why are some people immune to HIV-1?

    22 Nov 2014 | 6:15 pm
    Natural genetic variation in a protective antiviral enzyme holds promise for new therapies. Doctors have long been mystified as to why HIV-1 rapidly sickens some individuals, while in others the virus has difficulties gaining a foothold. Now, a study of genetic variation in HIV-1 and in the cells it infects reported by University of Minnesota researchers in this week's issue of PLOS Genetics has uncovered a chink in HIV-1's armor that may, at least in part, explain the puzzling difference -- and potentially open the door to new treatments. Subject:  Health & Medicine
  • How a mutant gene causes deafness

    22 Nov 2014 | 5:32 pm
    Scientists at The Scripps Research Institute (TSRI) have discovered how one gene is essential to hearing, uncovering a cause of deafness and suggesting new avenues for therapies. The new study, published in Neuron, shows how mutations in a gene called Tmie can cause deafness from birth. Underlining the critical nature of their findings, researchers were able to reintroduce the gene in mice and restore the process underpinning hearing. Subject:  Genetics
  • Advancements in battery technology shaping the future of electronic vehicles

    22 Nov 2014 | 5:29 pm
    Scientists at the Canadian Light Source are on the forefront of battery technology using cheaper materials with higher energy and better recharging rates that make them ideal for electric vehicles (EVs). The switch from conventional internal combustion engines to EVs is well underway. However, limited mileage of current EVs due to the confined energy storage capability of available battery systems is a major reason why these vehicles are not more common on the road. Subject:  Technology
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    The RSS feed

  • An Introduction To Comets, Asteroids, And Meteors

    13 Nov 2014 | 11:38 am
    Of all of the objects floating through space, the most abundant are the comets, asteroids, and meteoroids. While these objects are the subject of numerous movies like Armageddon, many people…
  • Brain-to-Brain Interface Used To Control Another Person's Hand

    6 Nov 2014 | 9:50 am
    Back in August, I wrote about a team that used brain waves to send an email from one person to another. Now, another team has taken brain interfaces a step further and successfully used a direct…
  • DARPA Creates The World's Fastest Circuit

    29 Oct 2014 | 12:32 pm
    Yesterday, DARPA announced that it has been recognized as the new world record holder for the world's fastest circuit. They have develop circuitry that can operate at 1 terahertz, or one trillion…
  • Testing A Business Idea

    23 Oct 2014 | 7:32 am
    In a previous post, I discussed how to come up with a good business idea based on problems encountered in your everyday life. But before you go and risk a bunch of money on your idea, you have…
  • How Climate Change Happens

    20 Oct 2014 | 8:48 am
    Climate change is a global change in climate that is being caused by rising levels of greenhouse gases in Earth's atmosphere. Greenhouse gases like carbon dioxide and methane trap heat near the surface…
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    The Vision Times » Science

  • Watch Funny Reactions These Kids Have to Old Point-and-Shoot Camera (Video)

    John Andress
    24 Nov 2014 | 3:05 am
    My, how times change! This makes me feel decidedly old. These kids are given a point-and-shoot camera and asked if they know what it is. Although most guess it’s a camera, they don’t have the slightest idea how this clunky camera works. After figuring out what button to press, they’re told they still haven’t taken a picture because they need something else—film. These kids have never even seen film, but they finally get it loaded and take some pictures. So now they want to see the pictures they took. Guess what! No digital camera here. The kids are told the film…
  • OMG, This Russian Boy Has Become a Real-Life Magneto

    John Andress
    23 Nov 2014 | 3:05 am
    Russia’s Nikolai Kryaglyachenko, 12, leaned against a lamppost to rest on his way home from school one day. Because of faulty wiring, he was instantly electrocuted, according to the New York Post. The electric jolt was so strong that it reportedly threw him to the other side of the street. When he came to he was disoriented, but was able to walk home. The electrocution caused a massive change to Nikolai. He said: “When I woke up the next day and got out of bed, I found some coins that had been lying on the mattress had stuck to my body. Then when I was having breakfast and…
  • Do You Believe This Testimony of Former NASA Worker Who Saw Humans On Mars? (Video)

    John Andress
    22 Nov 2014 | 3:05 am
    For over a century, mankind has speculated about life on Mars. In the past 10 years, the U.S. has put several rovers on Mars, which is how these images were taken. However, any person who says there are humans on Mars could be considered as insane. Does this photo show a human on Mars?   But what if there were testimonies? Evidences that could prove this possibility? Now, there is information about humans already having a base on Mars. This video makes some startling claims. In 1979, Jackie, a former worker for Viking mission, says she saw two men working on Mars. The former CIA…
  • This is How a Black Hole Gets Smashed Out of its Galaxy

    Ben Grinberg
    21 Nov 2014 | 2:21 pm
    Michael Koss wasn’t just searching for supermassive black holes, he was seeking twin supermassive black holes. Looking at satellite images, the astronomer found a speck of light 90 million light years from Earth, in a ‘dwarf galaxy‘ (Markarian 177, in the bowl of the Big Dipper). The possibly largest black hole so far found weighs 17 billion times more than the sun. This means that black holes are so massive, and have such huge gravitational pull, that they swallow anything that gets too close, including light, matter and gas. This process is so intense, fast, and massive,…
  • Are You An Aluminum Enthusiast? Get to Know The Earth’s Most Abundant Super-Metal

    Ben Grinberg
    21 Nov 2014 | 4:08 am
    There’s something about aluminum that’s just so appealing. Are you an aluminum lover? Maybe it’s the flexibility, the durability, the combination of the two in one super-metal. Check out Weird Al Yonkovic’s ‘Royals’ parody ‘Foil‘ to catch the love. But chances are that you’re already a fan since it’s found in just about everything, from cars, to planes, to iPhones, to cans. Get to know your aluminum with this infographic. (Or ‘aluminium’ as the Brits and Aussies prefer to say.) (Image:
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    Evolution Talk

  • The Beginning: Out of the Sea

    Rick Coste
    24 Nov 2014 | 3:15 am
    Evolution Talk Evolution Talk - The Oldest Story Ever Told The sea was full of life a half a billion years ago. Arthropods fought to survive and there were some interesting things happening on land as well. We have here our first plants. And they spread like wildfire. The quiet life on land enjoyed by the plants looked appealing to that first vertebrate that poked its head out of the water as it supported itself with its new backbone and fins. The post The Beginning: Out of the Sea appeared first on Evolution Talk.
  • The Beginning: An Arms Race

    Rick Coste
    17 Nov 2014 | 2:50 am
    Evolution Talk Evolution Talk - The Oldest Story Ever Told As predators evolved to better catch their prey, their prey evolved unique and efficient ways to avoid being eaten. It was because of this sudden arms race that we see the proliferation of body forms that mark the Cambrian Era. The real winners were the Trilobites. The post The Beginning: An Arms Race appeared first on Evolution Talk.
  • The Course of Nature

    Rick Coste
    15 Nov 2014 | 5:36 am
    Evolution Talk Evolution Talk - The Oldest Story Ever Told If you’ve ever asked yourself “how did we g […] The post The Course of Nature appeared first on Evolution Talk.
  • The Beginning: Multicellularity Rules

    Rick Coste
    10 Nov 2014 | 1:49 am
    Evolution Talk Evolution Talk - The Oldest Story Ever Told The reason natural selection had such a grand old-time with multicellular organisms is because it gave it something to select for. These organisms increased in size, moved into new areas for food, and protected themselves against the environment. It is during this period that some peculiar forms began to emerge. The post The Beginning: Multicellularity Rules appeared first on Evolution Talk.
  • The Beginning: Sexual Reproduction

    Rick Coste
    3 Nov 2014 | 2:43 am
    Evolution Talk Evolution Talk - The Oldest Story Ever Told One day, millions of years ago, something occurred between two unsuspecting eukaryotes. When they bumped into one another something magical happened. They both left that encounter slightly different than they had been before. What passed from one to the other was a few microscopic bits of genetic material. Natural selection had new toys to play with. The post The Beginning: Sexual Reproduction appeared first on Evolution Talk.
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    Arivu Dose - அறிவு டோஸ்

  • ஓர் சில மணி நேரத்தில் மட்டுமே உலகையே சுற்றிவர முடியுமா?

    Niroshan Thillainathan
    23 Nov 2014 | 7:00 am
    நண்பர்களே, ஒன்று தெரியுமா? வருங்கால தொழில்நுட்பத்தின் மூலம் ஓர் சில மணி நேரத்தில் மட்டுமே நீங்கள் உலகையே சுற்றிவர முடியும். என்ன, ஆச்சரியமாக உள்ளதா? ஆம், அது நிச்சயமாக முடியும் என விஞ்ஞானம் கூறுகின்றது! அதிவேக […] The post ஓர்…
  • எகிப்து பிரமிடுகளுக்கும் முந்தைய ஹெல்லினிக்கனின் பிரமிடுகள்

    Niroshan Thillainathan
    21 Nov 2014 | 7:00 am
    நண்பர்களே, இன்றைய அறிவு டோஸில் இன்று வரை மர்மமாக உள்ள ஓர் விடயத்தைப் பற்றிப் பார்ப்போம்! ஐரோப்பாவில் பிரமிடுகளை எண்ணிப் பார்ப்பது சற்று கடினமாக இருக்கலாம், ஆனால் அங்கும் கொஞ்சம் பிரமிடுகள் உள்ளன. கிரீஸ் நாட்டில் […] The post…
  • கணினி பயன்படுத்துவதை நிறுத்திவிட்டால் என்ன நடக்கும்

    Niroshan Thillainathan
    19 Nov 2014 | 7:00 am
    நாளுக்கு நாள் நாம் கணினியைப் பயன்படுத்துவது அதிகரித்துக்கொண்டே செல்கிறது. ஒரு வேளை ஏதேனும் வைரஸ் அல்லது சூரியப் புயல் என புதிதாக ஏதாவது நடந்து நாம் கணினி பயன்படுத்துவதையே நிறுத்திவிட்டால் எப்படியிருக்கும்? கணினியை…
  • சொர்க்கத்து நாணயங்கள்

    Niroshan Thillainathan
    17 Nov 2014 | 7:00 am
    ஒரு நாணயத்தினை மிக உயரமான (என்பயர் ஸ்டேட் கட்டிடம் போன்ற) கட்டிடத்திலிருந்து நாம் கீழே போடும் போது, அது கீழேயுள்ள மனிதனின் தலையில் விழுந்தால் அவர் இறந்துவிடுவார் என்ற கட்டுக்கதை அநேக மக்களிடையே மனதில் பதிந்துள்ளது. […] The…
  • பல்லி கொடுத்த வரம்

    Niroshan Thillainathan
    15 Nov 2014 | 7:00 am
    பல்லியின் வால் வெட்டப்பட்டு விட்டால் அது தானாகவே வளர்ந்துவிடும். இது நமக்கு ஏற்கனவே தெரிந்த ஒன்று தான். இந்த வால் மீண்டும் உருவாகுவதற்கான காரணத்தை ஆராய்ச்சியாளர்கள் கண்டறிந்துள்ளனர். இந்த ஆராய்ச்சி மனித இனத்திற்கும்…
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  • DinoMovember

    Lori Yearwood
    17 Nov 2014 | 11:16 pm
    There are a lot of exciting things going on in November.  If you are not yet aware, we thought we’d fill you in so you can make the most out of enjoying the last few weeks of this month. November is the magical month where toy dinosaurs come to life at night and are inevitably discovered by their homo sapiens in the morning, having created all sorts of mischief.  This phenomenon is known as Dinovember.  November is also the time of year when men let their mustaches take center stage to raise awareness for men’s health.  That phenomenon is known as Movember.  Not ever wanting…
  • Dining With Dinosaur Giants: Sauropods

    Brian Switek
    10 Nov 2014 | 9:49 am
    I love living in dinosaur country. Not only are there plenty of bones to discover, but Mesozoic mysteries abound. And one of the most persistent has to do with the 150 million year old environments that are preserved here and there in eastern Utah. Those Late Jurassic sites are brimming with the bones of huge sauropods - long-necked, hefty dinosaurs such as Apatosaurus, Camarasaurus, and Diplodocus, just to name a few. In fact, there are so many species and individuals that paleontologists are left with a tough question: how did so many giants coexist? In general form, one sauropod might look…
  • #2014SVP PaleoMailbag Questions for the Society of Vertebrate Paleontology 74th Annual Meeting

    Erica Hargreave
    4 Nov 2014 | 11:22 pm
    We are all a little jealous of Brian Switek this week, as he is off geeking out and hanging out with a number of great minds in paleontology at the Society of Vertebrate Paleontology Annual Meeting in Berlin.  Basically this doesn’t just translate to fabulously interesting conversations that we are missing out on, but also good German beer and sausages … aaaaaaACKKKK!!! To ease the pain, Brian has promised to let us be a fly on the wall of some of his dinotastic paleo chats by filming ‘In Conversations With’ some of the great paleontological minds of the day.  And he…
  • Dinosaur Makeovers For Dinovember

    Lori Yearwood
    30 Oct 2014 | 8:11 pm
    Dinovember is going to be here in just a few days! It’s a whole month dedicated to parents trying to convince their children that their dinosaurs come alive at night. It’s the time of year when toy dinosaurs take center stage and cause all kinds of ruckus. We think there are some toy dinos out there who would love to be spruced up for such an occasion.  Take this guy for example … Such obvious signs of wear and tear can start to make a dinosaur feel old! Grab some paint and prepare to give your cast of Dinovember a makeover.  We used Acrylic paint so it would dry properly…
  • The “Terrible Hands” Finally Get a Body. And it’s WEIRD.

    Brian Switek
    28 Oct 2014 | 1:22 pm
    The better we get to know dinosaurs, the stranger they become. There’s no better example of that than Deinocheirus – an immense dinosaur whose arms generated paleontological speculation that didn’t even come close to the dinosaur’s bizarre reality. When I was a kid, Deinocheirus was mentioned in almost every dinosaur book. The dinosaur’s celebrity didn’t come from completeness, but from mystery. In the summer of 1965, while searching for fossils in the 70 million year old rock of the Gobi Desert, the palaeontologist Zofia Kielan-Jaworowska discovered an…
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