• Most Topular Stories

  • Massive Underground City Found in Cappadocia Region of Turkey

    National Geographic News
    Jennifer Pinkowski
    26 Mar 2015 | 6:14 am
    Subterranean retreat may have sheltered more than 20,000 people in times of trouble.
  • Geologists Discover New Layer in Earth’s Mantle

    Breaking Science News |
    24 Mar 2015 | 6:09 am
    New research led by Dr Hauke Marquardt of the University of Bayreuth, Germany, suggests the existence of a previously unknown superviscous layer inside our planet: part of the lower mantle where the rock gets 3 times stiffer. Such a layer may explain why tectonic plate slabs seem to pool at 930 miles (1,500 km) under [...]
  • Dwarf planet Ceres might have right stuff for life

    New Scientist - Online news
    25 Mar 2015 | 11:00 am
    NASA hopes Dawn mission can answer the big question: could life lurk in icy volcanoes on Ceres, the asteroid belt's biggest resident?
  • The Largest Meteor Impact on Earth Has Just Been Found in Australia

    The Vision Times » Science
    Troy Oakes
    24 Mar 2015 | 11:30 am
    A very long time ago, a massive meteor, while entering Earth’s atmosphere, broke into two huge pieces. They were at least 6 miles (10 km) across. The impacts on the Australian countryside were violent and spanned nearly 250 miles (400 km). Warburton Basin, Australia, where the world’s largest meteor crater exists. (Screenshot/YouTube) So what’s the difference between an asteroid, a meteor, and a meteorite? These words are mistakenly used interchangeably. A simple explanation is that an asteroid is a rock that is out in space, a meteor is an asteroid that enters the…
  • Boeing Has a Patent on Force Fields

    The Vision Times » Science
    Troy Oakes
    26 Mar 2015 | 5:00 am
    Will this be the year of the force field? Boeing filed a patent for a “method and system for shockwave attenuation via electromagnetic arc” in 2012. It may have been easier to call it a deflector shield. The patent describes it as a system that detects shockwaves from nearby explosions and generates an area of ionized air—creating a plasma field between the blast and the vehicle. Boeing’s plasma field. (Image: Boeing’s Patent and Trademark Office file) The method works, says the patent, “by heating a selected region of the first fluid medium rapidly to create a…
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  • Common metal addles honey bee brains

    Diana Lutz-WUSTL
    26 Mar 2015 | 8:39 am
    At levels considered safe for human food, a common industrial pollutant called manganese can knock honey bees off their game. A new study shows that when exposed to the metal, honey bees advance through age-related work assignments faster than normal, but complete fewer foraging trips than their unexposed sisters. “We’ve known for a long time that high doses of manganese kill neurons that produce dopamine, causing a Parkinsonian-like disease in people,” says Yehuda Ben-Shahar, a biologist at Washington University in St. Louis. “In insects, as well, high levels of…
  • Water may have struck this Mars crater twice

    Kevin Stacey-Brown
    26 Mar 2015 | 8:20 am
    A new geologic history of the flow of water in Jezero crater near Mars’ equator says interesting things about how the red planet operated nearly four billion years ago, scientists say. “We can say that this one really well-exposed location makes a strong case for at least two periods of water-related activity in Mars’ history,” says Tim Goudge, a graduate student at Brown University. The ancient lake at Jezero crater was first identified in 2005. Researchers identified two channels on the northern and western sides of the crater that appear to have supplied it with…
  • Scientists pursue what’s evolving in your house

    Krishna Ramanujan-Cornell
    26 Mar 2015 | 8:13 am
    Scientists call the different realms of life on Earth “biomes,” and the fastest growing one is actually indoor space. Researchers estimate that the indoor biome makes up about 0.5 percent of ice-free land, or about 247,000 square miles, almost the size of Texas. The various organisms living in homes and other indoor spaces have been subject to little research, with sparse studies of rodents and German cockroaches, for example, from the pest management field, or public health perspectives on microbes. “People have this picture that there are only a few insect species and…
  • Scientists coax stem cells to form 3D ‘mini-lungs’

    Kara Gavin-U. Michigan
    26 Mar 2015 | 6:47 am
    Three-dimensional “mini-lungs” coaxed from stem cells and grown in a dish may offer insight into lung disease and could lead to the development of new drugs, scientists say. Previous research has focused on deriving lung tissue from flat cell systems or growing cells onto scaffolds made from donated organs. Researchers define the system for generating the self-organizing 3D structures that mimic the make-up and complexity of human lungs in a new study published online in eLife. Ideas into innovations “These mini-lungs can mimic the responses of real tissues and will be a…
  • Key smartphone ‘ingredients’ could soon run out

    Kevin Dennehy-Yale
    26 Mar 2015 | 6:22 am
    Some of the metals that are critical for making newer technologies—like smartphones, infrared optics, and medical imaging—may be extremely difficult to find in the coming decades, experts warn. A new study that assesses the “criticality” of all 62 metals on the Periodic Table of Elements offers key insights into which metals will be scarce, which will exact the highest environmental costs, and which ones simply cannot be replaced as components of vital technologies. Researchers were inspired to try to quantify the criticality of the materials—defined by the relative…
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    Science 2.0

  • 15 Breeds Of Dog In England Killed By Mystery Kidney Disease 

    News Staff
    26 Mar 2015 | 10:44 am
    At least 30 dogs in England have been killed in less than 18 months by an unknown disease which causes skin lesions and kidney failure, reveals research published in Veterinary Record. The disease is believed to be Alabama rot (cutaneous and renal glomerular vasculopathy), a condition which has been seen in the USA in greyhounds for almost 30 years. While there have been occasional reports of the disease in individual dogs outside of the USA, this is the first report of a series of cases occurring in England. None of the 30 dogs in this English series of cases were greyhounds and evidence of…
  • Got Fresh Milk? Now You Do, Without Being On The Grid

    News Staff
    26 Mar 2015 | 10:43 am
    Milk is a key element for household food security and provides a stable income to farmers including women, who are usually in charge of taking care of the milk-producing animals in the low-income countries. Currently pathogen growth in milk is managed with refrigeration or with chemicals. Although bacterial growth in milk is managed with refrigeration in the high-income countries, a high cost of infrastructure and a demand for a permanent electricity supply prevent milk refrigeration in the rural areas in the low-income countries. Moreover, certain pathogens, for example Listeria…
  • The Mediterranean Diet Will Reduce Global Warming

    News Staff
    26 Mar 2015 | 9:39 am
    The Mediterranean diet became a health fad when epidemiologists looked at a region in Europe and determined that their lower heart disease was due to more fish. A new paper uses a debunked claim "it takes a gallon of gas to make a pound of beef" and uses that to declare that a new diet would reduce global warming. The authors from the University Hospital Complex of Huelva, Jaume I University of Castellón and the University of Huelva compared the daily menus in Spain, based on a roughly Mediterranean diet, to those eaten in English-speaking countries, such as the United Kingdom…
  • Roseroot Herb For Depression - Randomized, Double-blind, Placebo-controlled Trial

    News Staff
    26 Mar 2015 | 9:17 am
    Rhodiola rosea (R. rosea), or roseroot, may be a beneficial treatment option for major depressive disorder, according to a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, comparison trial of oral R. rosea extract versus conventional antidepressant for mild to moderate major depressive disorder. read more
  • Goldilocks Scaling - How Organisms Know Just The Right Size

    News Staff
    26 Mar 2015 | 7:30 am
    Animal development has an intriguing puzzle - scaling, the proportionality of different body parts. Whether you have an elephant or a mouse, organ and tissue sizes are generally proportional to the overall size of the body.Clearly evolution determined 'just right' but how? Some new clues from fruit flies show the size and patterning accuracy of an embryo depend on the amount of reproductive resources mothers invest in the process before an egg leaves the ovary. read more
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    David Bradley

  • Raising more than the roof at the house of blue lights

    David Bradley
    23 Mar 2015 | 3:10 am
    In the words of the song “Shed a little light”: There is a feeling like the clenching of a fist, There is a hunger in the center of the chest, There is a passage through the darkness… As such, this story is one in the eye for all those spammers selling erectile dysfunction drugs as scientists have implanted a light-activated gene into rats that makes a protein involved in sexual arousal. “With this gene in place,” the team reports in the journal Angewandte Chemie, “the rats make a protein involved in the release of the a synthetic designer guanylate cyclase…
  • White Line Warrior

    David Bradley
    21 Mar 2015 | 2:07 am
    A song of history, chemistry and exploitation White line warrior Heading up the Inca Trail Silkroad Surfer Hides behind electric veil Foothill courier En route to the promised land Fuelled with a bitter taste Torment is in her hand Global decimation One in ten, where worlds collide Find the taker nation A future lost for lack of pride Main line quarrier Digging up the dragon’s tale Milk wet citizen Finds the time to read the mail Timeline warrior Waking in the promised land Works a little haste Though history’s in his hands Global decimation One in ten, where worlds collide Find…
  • Listen up bat man, this is a sound book

    David Bradley
    20 Mar 2015 | 12:52 am
    Think of a plant trying to attract a pollinator and the image of brightly coloured flowers with sweet bowls of nectar perhaps come to mind. You might also be aware of the ultraviolet landing strips that guide insects towards the flowers sexy bits where pollen is picked up and deposited. There are even plants the flowers of which resemble female insects and so a libidinous male will attempt to mate unwittingly with the structure and do the pollen transfer business too. What I didn’t know until I read “The Sound Book” by Trevor Cox is that some plants use, not brightly…
  • The hormone’s on the wall

    David Bradley
    16 Mar 2015 | 3:09 am
    Molecular astrophysicist “Invader Xan” just posted a photo on Twitter showing a chemical structure painted on the wall at Schloss Ringberg. It looked like a steroid hormone to me and Invader, but were weren’t sure which. It didn’t take more than a minute or so for me to draw it on the emolecules site and do a quick search: 17-acetyl-10,13-dimethyl-1,2,6,7,8,9,11,12,14,15,16,17-dodecahydrocyclopent a[a]phenanthren-3-one, better known as progesterone or pregn-4-ene-3,20-dione a hormone involved in menstruation, pregnancy, embryogenesis in humans and other species. The…
  • Grammar numpty flowchart

    David Bradley
    16 Mar 2015 | 2:50 am
    We’ve all been there…spotted a typo in someone’s tweet, an unfortunate autocorrection, bad grammar, misused apostrophes, their instead of there, tragic spelling mistakes. Grammar and spelling are important, of course. But, is it your place to correct your fellow twitter users? Maybe they’re on a crowded commuter train and simply desperate to share that photo of a sleeping passenger dribbling over The Times crossword, maybe they have other things on their mind (Instagramming their food, yelling (virtually) whassup via WhatsApp, liking something unlikeable on Facebook,…
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  • Habit Summit 2015: My Deck, and a Surprise Takeaway

    Roger Dooley
    26 Mar 2015 | 6:46 am
    This year’s Habit Summit, organized by Nir Eyal (author of the best-selling Hooked), proved to be one of the more interesting conferences I’ve attended or spoken at. The focus was on building habit-forming products, and the speakers were carefully selected [...]
  • The Wrong Font Can Kill You. Literally. Your Sales, Too.

    Roger Dooley
    24 Mar 2015 | 5:55 am
    Fonts have strange an unexpected effects. Patients were less compliant with medical instructions when hard-to-read fonts were used. And, the fluency of fonts can have a big impact on your marketing, too.
  • Spanish Translation of Brainfluence Released

    Roger Dooley
    18 Mar 2015 | 6:44 am
    The Spanish version of Brainfluence is now available, at least in Spain. The tweet below from @Empresa_Activa shows the physical book rather than just the cover art. This is exciting, as I’ve observed a lot of interest in neuromarketing and [...]
  • Designing For The Mind – SXSW 2015

    Roger Dooley
    14 Mar 2015 | 6:35 am
    Here are the slides from and a quick recap of the Designing for the Mind panel at SXSW 2015.
  • 67 Ways to Increase Conversion with Cognitive Biases

    Jeremy Smith
    11 Mar 2015 | 5:18 am
    All humans have built-in biases. This A to Z list of 67 different cognitive biases explains what they are and how to use them to improve conversion rates.
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    Mind Hacks

  • How is the brain relevant in mental disorder?

    25 Mar 2015 | 10:59 am
    The Psychologist has a fascinating article on how neuroscience fits in to our understanding of mental illness and what practical benefit brain science has – in lieu of the fact that it currently doesn’t really help us a great deal in the clinic. It is full of useful ways of thinking about how neuroscience fits into our view of mental distress. The following is a really crucial section, that talks about the difference between proximal (closer) and distal (more distant) causes. In essence, rather than talking about causes we’re probably better off talking about causal pathways –…
  • Mind Hacks excerpts x 2

    23 Mar 2015 | 6:40 am
    This month, Business Insider have republished a couple of chapters from Mind Hacks the book (in case you missed it, back before the blog, Mind Hacks was a book, 101 do-it-at-home psychology experiences). The excerpts are: 1. Why one of these puzzles is easy and the other is hard – which is about the Wason Selection Task, a famous example of how our ability to reason logically can be confounded (and unconfounded if you find the right format to present a problem in). 2. Why this sentence is hard to understand – which shows you how to improve your writing with a bit of elementary…
  • Trauma is more complex than we think

    15 Mar 2015 | 2:29 am
    I’ve got an article in The Observer about how the official definition of trauma keeps changing and how the concept is discussed as if it were entirely intuitive and clear-cut, when it’s actually much more complex. I’ve become fascinated by how the concept of ‘trauma’ is used in public debate about mental health and the tension that arises between the clinical and rhetorical meanings of trauma. One unresolved issue, which tests mental health professionals to this day, is whether ‘traumatic’ should be defined in terms of events or reactions. Some of the…
  • Spike activity 06-03-2015

    7 Mar 2015 | 12:46 am
    Quick links from the past week in mind and brain news: The strange world of felt presences. Great piece in The Guardian. Nature reports that the Human Brain Project has voted for a change of leadership. But read carefully, it’s not clear how much will change in practice. Surely the worst ‘neuroscience of’ article ever written? “The Neuroscience of ISIS” from The Daily Beast. Ruthlessly, it’s the first in a series. Project Syndicate on why social science needs to be on the front-line of the fight against drug-resistant diseases. Psychiatry is More Complex…
  • Radical embodied cognition: an interview with Andrew Wilson

    5 Mar 2015 | 6:25 am
    The computational approach is the orthodoxy in psychological science. We try and understand the mind using the metaphors of information processing and the storage and retrieval of representations. These ideas are so common that it is easy to forget that there is any alternative. Andrew Wilson is on a mission to remind us that there is an alternative – a radical, non-representational, non-information processing take on what cognition is. I sent him a few questions by email. After he answered these, and some follow up questions, we’ve both edited and agreed on the result, which you can…
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  • A defense of ENCODE? [Pharyngula]

    PZ Myers
    26 Mar 2015 | 9:11 am
    Dan Graur has snarled at the authors of a paper defending ENCODE. How could I then resist? I read the offending paper, and I have to say something that will weaken my own reputation as a snarling attack dog myself: it does make a few good points. But it’s mostly using some valid criticisms to defend an indefensible position. Here’s the abstract. In its last round of publications in September 2012, the Encyclopedia Of DNA Elements (ENCODE) assigned a biochemical function to most of the human genome, which was taken up by the media as meaning the end of ‘Junk DNA’. This provoked…
  • Trial of former coal CEO on horizon, five year mark of disaster approaching [The Pump Handle]

    Celeste Monforton, DrPH, MPH
    26 Mar 2015 | 7:18 am
    I’ll be looking to the Charleston Gazette’s Ken Ward Jr. to keep me apprised of the upcoming trial of former Massey Energy CEO Don Blankenship. The trial is scheduled to begin on April 20. That’s just a few weeks after the 5th anniversary (April 5) of the massive coal dust explosion that killed 29 mine workers at Blankenship’s Upper Big Branch mine in southern West Virginia. Ward reports this week on Blankenship’s appearance on March 24 before a US magistrate. He plead not guilty (again) to three felony counts, including a conspiracy to thwart federal mine safety inspections.
  • My Bronze Age Book Is Out [Aardvarchaeology]

    Martin R
    26 Mar 2015 | 6:20 am
    Dear Reader, it is with great pleasure that I announce the PDF publication of my fifth monograph,* In the Landscape and Between Worlds. The paper version will appear in April or May. Here’s the back-cover blurb. Bronze Age settlements and burials in the Swedish provinces around Lakes Mälaren and Hjälmaren yield few bronze objects and fewer of the era’s fine stone battle axes. Instead, these things were found by people working on wetland reclamation and stream dredging for about a century up to the Second World War. Then the finds stopped because of changed agricultural…
  • The quack view of preventing cancer versus reality and Angelina Jolie, part 3 [Respectful Insolence]

    26 Mar 2015 | 5:15 am
    I happen to be in Houston right now attending the Society of Surgical Oncology annual meeting. Sadly, I’m only about 12 miles away from the lair of everybody’s favorite faux clinical researcher and purveyor of a cancer cure that isn’t, Stanislaw Burzynski. Such is life. In any case, this conference is all about cancer and how we treat it surgically. That includes prophylactic surgery designed to prevent cancer in people at very high risk. Prophylactic surgery to prevent cancer is never a decision that should be undertaken lightly and almost never is, rants from quacks…
  • Supertides are real! [Starts With A Bang]

    25 Mar 2015 | 6:16 pm
    “But less intelligible still was the flood that was caused by forty days’ rain, and forty nights’. For here on the moors there were some years when it rained for two hundred days and two hundred nights, almost without fairing; but there was never any Flood.” -Halldór Laxness Once every 18 years, a French Abbey — Mount St.-Michel — becomes inaccessible, as the English Channel rises to such levels that the causeway that normally reaches it becomes engulfed by the surrounding waters. Image credit: Associated Press. You might think this is due to the tides, where the Earth,…
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  • 'Super-Termite' Could Be Even More Destructive Than Parent Species

    Greg Allen
    25 Mar 2015 | 2:08 pm
    In South Florida, the world's two most destructive termite species could be mating because of climate change. Researchers say if the hybrids colonize, they could pose an even greater economic threat.» E-Mail This
  • Mosquitoes Can Smell Inside Your Blood

    Poncie Rutsch
    25 Mar 2015 | 1:15 pm
    When malaria parasites infect blood, they manufacture odor molecules that smell sweet to mosquitoes, scientists report. So how do these odors get from the bloodstream to the insects?» E-Mail This
  • University And Biotech Firm Team Up On Colorblindness Therapy

    Jon Hamilton
    25 Mar 2015 | 1:14 pm
    Six years ago, husband-and-wife scientists used gene therapy to cure colorblindness in monkeys. Now they're trying to make it work for the millions of people with faulty color vision.» E-Mail This
  • Scientists Discover A New Form Of Ice — It's Square

    Nell Greenfieldboyce
    25 Mar 2015 | 11:01 am
    Researchers were surprised by what they found when they sandwiched a drop of water between two layers of an unusual two-dimensional material called graphene.» E-Mail This
  • Meet The Cool Beans Designed To Beat Climate Change

    Dan Charles
    25 Mar 2015 | 10:04 am
    Researchers in Colombia have created new types of beans that can withstand high heat. Many of these "heat-beater" beans resulted from a unique marriage, 20 years ago, of tradition and technology.» E-Mail This
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    EE Times

  • Micron, Intel Flash 3D NAND

    Rick Merritt
    26 Mar 2015 | 9:30 am
    Micron and Intel have co-developed a 3-D flash NAND chip sampling now that is denser than the parts Samsung has been shipping since July.
  • ESC Minneapolis 2015 Sneak Peek! Baking Pis in Africa

    Max Maxfield
    26 Mar 2015 | 5:00 am
    Do you want to hear tall tales of rafting the Nile and driving 8,000 miles from Nairobi to Johannesburg and back in the name of product testing?
  • Patent Suits Have Global Impacts

    26 Mar 2015 | 4:00 am
    Companies found guilty of patent infringement, even those under an injunction, may be permitted to carry out some global activities, according to a recent court decision.
  • Free Online Class Teaches Analog Design

    Steve Taranovich
    25 Mar 2015 | 5:00 pm
    A new online classroom from TI provides training and hands-on experience in analog design.
  • It's Alive! It's Alive! Max's BADASS Display

    Max Maxfield
    25 Mar 2015 | 3:00 pm
    When Max powers one of his projects up for the first time, it's not unusual for sparks and smoke and strange sounds to ensue. But in this this case...
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    PLOS Biology: New Articles

  • A Biotic Game Design Project for Integrated Life Science and Engineering Education

    Nate J. Cira et al.
    25 Mar 2015 | 2:00 pm
    by Nate J. Cira, Alice M. Chung, Aleksandra K. Denisin, Stefano Rensi, Gabriel N. Sanchez, Stephen R. Quake, Ingmar H. Riedel-Kruse Engaging, hands-on design experiences are key for formal and informal Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics (STEM) education. Robotic and video game design challenges have been particularly effective in stimulating student interest, but equivalent experiences for the life sciences are not as developed. Here we present the concept of a "biotic game design project" to motivate student learning at the interface of life sciences and device engineering (as…
  • The Polarity Protein Scribble Regulates Myelination and Remyelination in the Central Nervous System

    Andrew A. Jarjour et al.
    25 Mar 2015 | 2:00 pm
    by Andrew A. Jarjour, Amanda Boyd, Lukas E. Dow, Rebecca K. Holloway, Sandra Goebbels, Patrick O. Humbert, Anna Williams, Charles ffrench-Constant The development and regeneration of myelin by oligodendrocytes, the myelin-forming cells of the central nervous system (CNS), requires profound changes in cell shape that lead to myelin sheath initiation and formation. Here, we demonstrate a requirement for the basal polarity complex protein Scribble in CNS myelination and remyelination. Scribble is expressed throughout oligodendroglial development and is up-regulated in mature oligodendrocytes…
  • Relatedness, Conflict, and the Evolution of Eusociality

    Xiaoyun Liao et al.
    23 Mar 2015 | 2:00 pm
    by Xiaoyun Liao, Stephen Rong, David C. Queller The evolution of sterile worker castes in eusocial insects was a major problem in evolutionary theory until Hamilton developed a method called inclusive fitness. He used it to show that sterile castes could evolve via kin selection, in which a gene for altruistic sterility is favored when the altruism sufficiently benefits relatives carrying the gene. Inclusive fitness theory is well supported empirically and has been applied to many other areas, but a recent paper argued that the general method of inclusive fitness was wrong and advocated an…
  • Open Labware: 3-D Printing Your Own Lab Equipment

    Tom Baden et al.
    20 Mar 2015 | 2:00 pm
    by Tom Baden, Andre Maia Chagas, Greg Gage, Timothy Marzullo, Lucia L. Prieto-Godino, Thomas Euler The introduction of affordable, consumer-oriented 3-D printers is a milestone in the current “maker movement,” which has been heralded as the next industrial revolution. Combined with free and open sharing of detailed design blueprints and accessible development tools, rapid prototypes of complex products can now be assembled in one’s own garage—a game-changer reminiscent of the early days of personal computing. At the same time, 3-D printing has also allowed the scientific and…
  • Correction: A Bioenergetic Basis for Membrane Divergence in Archaea and Bacteria

    20 Mar 2015 | 2:00 pm
    by The PLOS Biology Staff
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    PLOS Computational Biology: New Articles

  • A Biologically Plausible Computational Theory for Value Integration and Action Selection in Decisions with Competing Alternatives

    Vassilios Christopoulos et al.
    24 Mar 2015 | 2:00 pm
    by Vassilios Christopoulos, James Bonaiuto, Richard A. Andersen Decision making is a vital component of human and animal behavior that involves selecting between alternative options and generating actions to implement the choices. Although decisions can be as simple as choosing a goal and then pursuing it, humans and animals usually have to make decisions in dynamic environments where the value and the availability of an option change unpredictably with time and previous actions. A predator chasing multiple prey exemplifies how goals can dynamically change and compete during ongoing actions.
  • Evolution of Bow-Tie Architectures in Biology

    Tamar Friedlander et al.
    23 Mar 2015 | 2:00 pm
    by Tamar Friedlander, Avraham E. Mayo, Tsvi Tlusty, Uri Alon Bow-tie or hourglass structure is a common architectural feature found in many biological systems. A bow-tie in a multi-layered structure occurs when intermediate layers have much fewer components than the input and output layers. Examples include metabolism where a handful of building blocks mediate between multiple input nutrients and multiple output biomass components, and signaling networks where information from numerous receptor types passes through a small set of signaling pathways to regulate multiple output genes. Little is…
  • When Can Species Abundance Data Reveal Non-neutrality?

    Omar Al Hammal et al.
    20 Mar 2015 | 2:00 pm
    by Omar Al Hammal, David Alonso, Rampal S. Etienne, Stephen J. Cornell Species abundance distributions (SAD) are probably ecology’s most well-known empirical pattern, and over the last decades many models have been proposed to explain their shape. There is no consensus over which model is correct, because the degree to which different processes can be discerned from SAD patterns has not yet been rigorously quantified. We present a power calculation to quantify our ability to detect deviations from neutrality using species abundance data. We study non-neutral stochastic community models, and…
  • On the Number of Neurons and Time Scale of Integration Underlying the Formation of Percepts in the Brain

    Adrien Wohrer et al.
    20 Mar 2015 | 2:00 pm
    by Adrien Wohrer, Christian K. Machens All of our perceptual experiences arise from the activity of neural populations. Here we study the formation of such percepts under the assumption that they emerge from a linear readout, i.e., a weighted sum of the neurons’ firing rates. We show that this assumption constrains the trial-to-trial covariance structure of neural activities and animal behavior. The predicted covariance structure depends on the readout parameters, and in particular on the temporal integration window w and typical number of neurons K used in the formation of the percept.
  • Anticipation and Choice Heuristics in the Dynamic Consumption of Pain Relief

    Giles W. Story et al.
    20 Mar 2015 | 2:00 pm
    by Giles W. Story, Ivo Vlaev, Peter Dayan, Ben Seymour, Ara Darzi, Raymond J. Dolan Humans frequently need to allocate resources across multiple time-steps. Economic theory proposes that subjects do so according to a stable set of intertemporal preferences, but the computational demands of such decisions encourage the use of formally less competent heuristics. Few empirical studies have examined dynamic resource allocation decisions systematically. Here we conducted an experiment involving the dynamic consumption over approximately 15 minutes of a limited budget of relief from moderately…
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    PLOS Genetics: New Articles

  • Glycosyl Phosphatidylinositol Anchor Biosynthesis Is Essential for Maintaining Epithelial Integrity during Caenorhabditis elegans Embryogenesis

    Yemima Budirahardja et al.
    25 Mar 2015 | 2:00 pm
    by Yemima Budirahardja, Thang Dinh Doan, Ronen Zaidel-Bar Glycosylphosphatidylinositol (GPI) is a post-translational modification resulting in the attachment of modified proteins to the outer leaflet of the plasma membrane. Tissue culture experiments have shown GPI-anchored proteins (GPI-APs) to be targeted to the apical membrane of epithelial cells. However, the in vivo importance of this targeting has not been investigated since null mutations in GPI biosynthesis enzymes in mice result in very early embryonic lethality. Missense mutations in the human GPI biosynthesis enzyme pigv are…
  • Correction: Highly Dynamic and Sex-Specific Expression of microRNAs During Early ES Cell Differentiation

    25 Mar 2015 | 2:00 pm
    by The PLOS Genetics Staff
  • A Cascade of Iron-Containing Proteins Governs the Genetic Iron Starvation Response to Promote Iron Uptake and Inhibit Iron Storage in Fission Yeast

    Javier Encinar del Dedo et al.
    25 Mar 2015 | 2:00 pm
    by Javier Encinar del Dedo, Natalia Gabrielli, Mercè Carmona, José Ayté, Elena Hidalgo Iron is an essential cofactor, but it is also toxic at high levels. In Schizosaccharomyces pombe, the sensor glutaredoxin Grx4 guides the activity of the repressors Php4 and Fep1 to mediate a complex transcriptional response to iron deprivation: activation of Php4 and inactivation of Fep1 leads to inhibition of iron usage/storage, and to promotion of iron import, respectively. However, the molecular events ruling the activity of this double-branched pathway remained elusive. We show here that Grx4…
  • Mutations of Human NARS2, Encoding the Mitochondrial Asparaginyl-tRNA Synthetase, Cause Nonsyndromic Deafness and Leigh Syndrome

    Mariella Simon et al.
    25 Mar 2015 | 2:00 pm
    by Mariella Simon, Elodie M. Richard, Xinjian Wang, Mohsin Shahzad, Vincent H. Huang, Tanveer A. Qaiser, Prasanth Potluri, Sarah E. Mahl, Antonio Davila, Sabiha Nazli, Saege Hancock, Margret Yu, Jay Gargus, Richard Chang, Nada Al-sheqaih, William G. Newman, Jose Abdenur, Arnold Starr, Rashmi Hegde, Thomas Dorn, Anke Busch, Eddie Park, Jie Wu, Hagen Schwenzer, Adrian Flierl, Catherine Florentz, Marie Sissler, Shaheen N. Khan, Ronghua Li, Min-Xin Guan, Thomas B. Friedman, Doris K. Wu, Vincent Procaccio, Sheikh Riazuddin, Douglas C. Wallace, Zubair M. Ahmed, Taosheng Huang, Saima Riazuddin Here…
  • Accumulation of Glucosylceramide in the Absence of the Beta-Glucosidase GBA2 Alters Cytoskeletal Dynamics

    Diana Raju et al.
    24 Mar 2015 | 2:00 pm
    by Diana Raju, Sophie Schonauer, Hussein Hamzeh, Kevin C. Flynn, Frank Bradke, Katharina vom Dorp, Peter Dörmann, Yildiz Yildiz, Christian Trötschel, Ansgar Poetsch, Bernadette Breiden, Konrad Sandhoff, Heinz G. Körschen, Dagmar Wachten Glycosphingolipids are key elements of cellular membranes, thereby, controlling a variety of cellular functions. Accumulation of the simple glycosphingolipid glucosylceramide results in life-threatening lipid storage-diseases or in male infertility. How glucosylceramide regulates cellular processes is ill defined. Here, we reveal that glucosylceramide…
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    PLOS Pathogens: New Articles

  • Immune Antibodies and Helminth Products Drive CXCR2-Dependent Macrophage-Myofibroblast Crosstalk to Promote Intestinal Repair

    Julia Esser-von Bieren et al.
    25 Mar 2015 | 2:00 pm
    by Julia Esser-von Bieren, Beatrice Volpe, Duncan B. Sutherland, Jérôme Bürgi, J. Sjef Verbeek, Benjamin J. Marsland, Joseph F. Urban, Nicola L. Harris Helminth parasites can cause considerable damage when migrating through host tissues, thus making rapid tissue repair imperative to prevent bleeding and bacterial dissemination particularly during enteric infection. However, how protective type 2 responses targeted against these tissue-disruptive multicellular parasites might contribute to homeostatic wound healing in the intestine has remained unclear. Here, we observed that mice lacking…
  • Roles and Programming of Arabidopsis ARGONAUTE Proteins during Turnip Mosaic Virus Infection

    Hernan Garcia-Ruiz et al.
    25 Mar 2015 | 2:00 pm
    by Hernan Garcia-Ruiz, Alberto Carbonell, J. Steen Hoyer, Noah Fahlgren, Kerrigan B. Gilbert, Atsushi Takeda, Annalisa Giampetruzzi, Mayra T. Garcia Ruiz, Michaela G. McGinn, Nicholas Lowery, Maria T. Martinez Baladejo, James C. Carrington In eukaryotes, ARGONAUTE proteins (AGOs) associate with microRNAs (miRNAs), short interfering RNAs (siRNAs), and other classes of small RNAs to regulate target RNA or target loci. Viral infection in plants induces a potent and highly specific antiviral RNA silencing response characterized by the formation of virus-derived siRNAs. Arabidopsis thaliana has…
  • Comprehensive Antigenic Map of a Cleaved Soluble HIV-1 Envelope Trimer

    Ronald Derking et al.
    25 Mar 2015 | 2:00 pm
    by Ronald Derking, Gabriel Ozorowski, Kwinten Sliepen, Anila Yasmeen, Albert Cupo, Jonathan L. Torres, Jean-Philippe Julien, Jeong Hyun Lee, Thijs van Montfort, Steven W. de Taeye, Mark Connors, Dennis R. Burton, Ian A. Wilson, Per-Johan Klasse, Andrew B. Ward, John P. Moore, Rogier W. Sanders The trimeric envelope (Env) spike is the focus of vaccine design efforts aimed at generating broadly neutralizing antibodies (bNAbs) to protect against HIV-1 infection. Three recent developments have facilitated a thorough investigation of the antigenic structure of the Env trimer: 1) the isolation of…
  • HCV Induces the Expression of Rubicon and UVRAG to Temporally Regulate the Maturation of Autophagosomes and Viral Replication

    Linya Wang et al.
    25 Mar 2015 | 2:00 pm
    by Linya Wang, Yongjun Tian, Jing-hsiung James Ou Hepatitis C virus (HCV) induces autophagy to enhance its replication. However, how HCV regulates the autophagic pathway remains largely unclear. In this report, we demonstrated that HCV infection could induce the expression of Rubicon and UVRAG, which inhibited and stimulated the maturation of autophagosomes, respectively. The induction of Rubicon by HCV was prompt whereas the induction of UVRAG was delayed, resulting in the accumulation of autophagosomes in the early time points of viral infection. The role of Rubicon in inhibiting the…
  • Correction: Reprogramming of Yersinia from Virulent to Persistent Mode Revealed by Complex In Vivo RNA-seq Analysis

    25 Mar 2015 | 2:00 pm
    by The PLOS Pathogens Staff
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    PLOS ONE Alerts: New Articles

  • Population Genomic Analysis of 962 Whole Genome Sequences of Humans Reveals Natural Selection in Non-Coding Regions

    Fuli Yu et al.
    25 Mar 2015 | 2:00 pm
    by Fuli Yu, Jian Lu, Xiaoming Liu, Elodie Gazave, Diana Chang, Srilakshmi Raj, Haley Hunter-Zinck, Ran Blekhman, Leonardo Arbiza, Cris Van Hout, Alanna Morrison, Andrew D. Johnson, Joshua Bis, L. Adrienne Cupples, Bruce M. Psaty, Donna Muzny, Jin Yu, Richard A. Gibbs, Alon Keinan, Andrew G. Clark, Eric Boerwinkle Whole genome analysis in large samples from a single population is needed to provide adequate power to assess relative strengths of natural selection across different functional components of the genome. In this study, we analyzed next-generation sequencing data from 962 European…
  • Correction: Adeno-Associated Viral Vector Serotype 5 Poorly Transduces Liver in Rat Models

    25 Mar 2015 | 2:00 pm
    by The PLOS ONE Staff
  • Changes in Membrane Plasmalogens of Clostridium pasteurianum during Butanol Fermentation as Determined by Lipidomic Analysis

    Jan Kolek et al.
    25 Mar 2015 | 2:00 pm
    by Jan Kolek, Petra Patáková, Karel Melzoch, Karel Sigler, Tomáš Řezanka Changes in membrane lipid composition of Clostridium pasteurianum NRRL B-598 were studied during butanol fermentation by lipidomic analysis, performed by high resolution electrospray ionization tandem mass spectrometry. The highest content of plasmalogen phospholipids correlated with the highest butanol productivity, which indicated a probable role of these compounds in the complex responses of cells toward butanol stress. A difference in the ratio of saturated to unsaturated fatty acids was found between the effect…
  • A Maize Jasmonate Zim-Domain Protein, ZmJAZ14, Associates with the JA, ABA, and GA Signaling Pathways in Transgenic Arabidopsis

    Xiaojin Zhou et al.
    25 Mar 2015 | 2:00 pm
    by Xiaojin Zhou, Shengwei Yan, Cheng Sun, Suzhen Li, Jie Li, Miaoyun Xu, Xiaoqing Liu, Shaojun Zhang, Qianqian Zhao, Ye Li, Yunliu Fan, Rumei Chen, Lei Wang Jasmonate (JA) is an important signaling molecule involved in the regulation of many physiological and stress-related processes in plants. Jasmonate ZIM-domain (JAZ) proteins have been implicated in regulating JA signaling pathways and the cross talk between various phytohormones. Maize is not only an important cereal crop, but also a model plant for monocotyledon studies. Although many JAZ proteins have been characterized in Arabidopsis…
  • Antiviral Treatment among Older Adults Hospitalized with Influenza, 2006-2012

    Mary Louise Lindegren et al.
    25 Mar 2015 | 2:00 pm
    by Mary Louise Lindegren, Marie R. Griffin, John V. Williams, Kathryn M. Edwards, Yuwei Zhu, Ed Mitchel, Alicia M. Fry, William Schaffner, H. Keipp Talbot Objective To describe antiviral use among older, hospitalized adults during six influenza seasons (2006—2012) in Davidson County, Tennessee, USA. Methods Among adults ≥50 years old hospitalized with symptoms of respiratory illness or non-localizing fever, we collected information on provider-initiated influenza testing and nasal/throat swabs for influenza by RT-PCR in a research laboratory, and calculated the proportion treated with…
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    PLOS Neglected Tropical Diseases: New Articles

  • Predominant Leptospiral Serogroups Circulating among Humans, Livestock and Wildlife in Katavi-Rukwa Ecosystem, Tanzania

    Justine A. Assenga et al.
    25 Mar 2015 | 2:00 pm
    by Justine A. Assenga, Lucas E. Matemba, Shabani K. Muller, Ginethon G. Mhamphi, Rudovick R. Kazwala Background Leptospirosis is a worldwide zoonotic disease and a serious, under-reported public health problem, particularly in rural areas of Tanzania. In the Katavi-Rukwa ecosystem, humans, livestock and wildlife live in close proximity, which exposes them to the risk of a number of zoonotic infectious diseases, including leptospirosis. Methodology/Principal Findings A cross-sectional epidemiological study was carried out in the Katavi region, South-west Tanzania, to determine the…
  • Gut Instincts: Knowledge, Attitudes, and Practices regarding Soil-Transmitted Helminths in Rural China

    Louise Lu et al.
    25 Mar 2015 | 2:00 pm
    by Louise Lu, Chengfang Liu, Linxiu Zhang, Alexis Medina, Scott Smith, Scott Rozelle Background Soil-transmitted helminth (STH) infections affect more than two out of every five schoolchildren in the poorest regions of rural China, an alarmingly high prevalence rate given the low cost and wide availability of safe and effective deworming treatment. Understanding of local knowledge, attitudes, and practices regarding STH infection in rural China has until now, been sparse, although such information is critical for prevention and control initiatives. Methodology/Principal Findings This study…
  • Validation of a Microsphere Immunoassay for Serological Leptospirosis Diagnosis in Human Serum by Comparison to the Current Gold Standard

    Sarah J. Wynwood et al.
    25 Mar 2015 | 2:00 pm
    by Sarah J. Wynwood, Mary-Anne A. Burns, Glenn C. Graham, Steven L. Weier, David B. McKay, Scott B. Craig A microsphere immunoassay (MIA) utilising Luminex xMap technology that is capable of determining leptospirosis IgG and IgM independently was developed. The MIA was validated using 200 human samples submitted for routine leptospirosis serology testing. The traditional microscopic agglutination (MAT) method (now 100 years old) suffers from a significant range of technical problems including a dependence on antisera which is difficult to source and produce, false positive reactions due to…
  • Correction: Leishmania-HIV Co-infection: Clinical Presentation and Outcomes in an Urban Area in Brazil

    25 Mar 2015 | 2:00 pm
    by The PLOS Neglected Tropical Diseases Staff
  • Lectin Complement Protein Collectin 11 (CL-K1) and Susceptibility to Urinary Schistosomiasis

    Justin S. Antony et al.
    25 Mar 2015 | 2:00 pm
    by Justin S. Antony, Olusola Ojurongbe, Peter G. Kremsner, Thirumalaisamy P. Velavan Background Urinary Schistosomiasis is a neglected tropical disease endemic in many sub Saharan -African countries. Collectin Kidney 1 (CL-K1, encoded by COLEC11 on chromosome 2p25.3), a member of the vertebrate C-type lectin super family, has recently been identified as pattern-recognition molecule (PRR) of the lectin complement pathway. CL-K1 is preferentially expressed in the kidneys, but also in other organs and it is considered to play a role in host defense to some infectious agents. Schistosome…
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  • Jockey motion tracking reveals racing prowess

    26 Mar 2015 | 9:44 am
    A research team from the Royal Veterinary College (RVC) is using motion tracking technology to try to establish the optimal riding position for jockeys, as well as enhance the performance of racehorses and reduce the risk of injury to both horse and jockey. The project, entitled "Apprentice to Journeyman: the influence of jockey technique on thoroughbred racehorse locomotion", is analyzing the riding style of more experienced jockeys compared with novice riders to try to determine if the techniq
  • NASA picks an asteroid rock to pave the road to Mars

    25 Mar 2015 | 2:43 pm
    CAPE CANAVERAL, Fla (Reuters) - A NASA robot ship will pluck a large boulder off an asteroid and sling it around the moon, becoming an ad hoc destination to prepare for future human missions to Mars, the U.S. space agency said on Wednesday.
  • Delta rocket blasts off from Florida with improved GPS satellite

    25 Mar 2015 | 2:03 pm
    CAPE CANAVERAL, Fla (Reuters) - An unmanned Delta 4 rocket blasted off from Florida on Wednesday to deliver the ninth of 12 next-generation Global Positioning System satellites into orbit.
  • Supermassive blackhole detector ready for business

    25 Mar 2015 | 12:03 pm
    The Sierra Negra volcano in the central Mexican state of Puebla is the site of an ambitious astrophysical project which houses the largest gamma ray observatory ever built on the planet.
  • Smartphone use changing our brain and thumb interaction, say researchers

    25 Mar 2015 | 6:01 am
    Typing text messages, scrolling web pages, and checking your email on your smartphone could be changing the way your thumbs and brain interacts. That's according to researchers from the University of Zurich, ETH Zurich, and University of Fribourg.
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    Dave Bradley's Tech Talk

  • Stronger password advice

    David Bradley
    23 Mar 2015 | 4:01 am
    Like backup advice after your hard drive fails, password advice comes thick and fast whenever there’s been a data breach. The usual line is: Don’t use the same password everywhere Don’t share password with others Don’t use names, pet’s names, birthdays, and other personal information Use letters, numbers, and symbols Have a different password for every account Store passwords in a safe place away from the computer Change passwords often (every 30, 60, 90 days) Make passwords 12, 14, 16 or more characters long We all know that’s good advice, provided the system we’re…
  • The “Old” Button

    David Bradley
    19 Mar 2015 | 1:37 am
    Forget “likes”, +s and RTs. What we need is a new button that’s a bit like an inverted like button, a thumbsdown, but wrinkly with liver spots, that lets your friends know that you know the latest, trendy thing that they just liked is actually already really old and that you saw it way before them, at least 24 hours ago. It would be an “Old” button rather than a “like” button. You would “Old” their posts and updates when they share a news story from wayback when, two days ago or pass on that viral video you saw ages ago (last week) or…
  • Who not to #Followback on Twitter

    David Bradley
    13 Mar 2015 | 3:02 am
    Here are my scribbled notes on who not to followback on Twitter. A Top 10. Obviously, they’re not realy scribbled, I just used a “Biro” font in my graphics program and typed them in. (You didn’t think I could still hold an actual pen in the real world, and actually write words down on an actual piece of paper, did you?) Top ten reasons I won’t follow back, original draft text pasted with Biro font and edited 1 If you ask for a followback 2 If you have a cartoon avatar 3 If you call yourself a guru 4 If you follow lots but have 0 followers 5 If you have no bio 6…
  • Patronising Google Chrome

    David Bradley
    11 Mar 2015 | 1:23 am
    I clear my browser cache and cookies periodically, usually when I’m leaving the office so that should my computer be accessed by a third party logged in accounts, like Facebook, Twitter, LinkedIn, Google+ etc are not compromised. If you do a clear in Google Chrome (Ctrl+Shift+Del) too frequently, you get this snarky little message: “Psst! Incognito mode (Ctrl+Shift+N) may come in handy next time.” YES. I. KNOW. YOU PATRONISING B*ST*RDS. But, if I use incognito mode then I have to log back in to all those sites each time I close and re-open the browser…is there anyway…
  • When I die and they lay me to rest…

    David Bradley
    13 Feb 2015 | 12:45 am
    “When I die and they lay me to rest, gonna find a friend in Facebook” — to paraphrase Norman Greenbaum’s classic 70s hit Spirit in the Sky. Apparently, the social media site is taking care of your online after life, now letting you choose (before you go) who your legacy contact should be. It’s definitely worth assigning an post mortem contact for your page sooner rather than too later, because under certain jurisdictions accounts are legally bound to be frozen in the event of your summary departure. Before you tune up to meet the choir invisible, before you cease…
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  • Old school data journalism from the 1800s

    Nathan Yau
    26 Mar 2015 | 3:20 am
    Data journalism is relatively new as a concept, but in practice it has been around for a good while. Scott Klein for ProPublica tells the story of Horace Greeley, an editor for the New York Tribune and a congressman in the mid-1800s. Greely was displeased with a law that specified mileage compensation for travel to the capital, so he found a way to prove his point with data. Rather than simply opining against it, he conceived and published a data-journalism project that, in form if not in execution, would be very much at home in a newsroom today. He asked one of his reporters, Douglas Howard,…
  • Gender gaps around the world

    Nathan Yau
    25 Mar 2015 | 12:45 am
    Ri Liu provides an exploratory view of gender gaps around the world through labor participation, parliament participation, and income. Be sure to try the sorting options, which help you pull out quick insights from about 160 time series. Tags: gender equality
  • A beard scale for baseball

    Nathan Yau
    24 Mar 2015 | 3:22 am
    There are a lot of beards and other types of facial hair in Major League Baseball. In case you're wondering how many and at what level, the Washington Post has you covered with a breakdown. Patches of hair with varied density represent the hairiness of each team. Click on a team to see the beard style of each player, scored on a scale of 0 to 8. A score of zero means clean shaven and an 8 means the player probably has to spend time at the end of each day picking out food bits off his face. The Washington Nationals top the list, and the New York Yankees, the only team with a clean-cut policy…
  • Future of visualization

    Nathan Yau
    23 Mar 2015 | 8:30 am
    Jeffrey Heer, computer science professor and co-founder of Trifacta, describes the future of visualization in a short 10-minute talk. It's one where people aren't taken out of the analysis loop, but computers can provide a bit more help than they do now. Tags: Jeffrey Heer, lunch talk
  • htmlwidgets: Create interactive web charts in R

    Nathan Yau
    23 Mar 2015 | 3:23 am
    If you don't want to bother with JavaScript but want to publish interactive graphics for the web or use interaction to explore your data, htmlwidgets might be for you. HTML widgets work just like R plots except they produce interactive web visualizations. A line or two of R code is all it takes to produce a D3 graphic or Leaflet map. HTML widgets can be used at the R console as well as embedded in R Markdown reports and Shiny web applications. Use existing widgets that let you visualize with popular JavaScript libraries such as D3 or Leaflet. Or, create your own. Tags: JavaScript, R
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    Science Daily

  • Research aims to reduce health care disparities

    26 Mar 2015 | 10:10 am
    The lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender/transsexual, queer/questioning and intersex (LGBTQI) population has been largely understudied by the medical community. Researchers found that the LGBTQI community experience health disparities due to reduced access to health care and health insurance, coupled with being at an elevated risk for multiple types of cancer when compared to non-LGBTQI populations.
  • Most women with early-stage breast cancer avoid extensive lymph node removal

    26 Mar 2015 | 10:09 am
    A new study of women with early-stage breast cancer finds that surgeons no longer universally remove most of the lymph nodes in the underarm area when a biopsy of the nearby lymph nodes shows cancer -- a major change in breast cancer management.
  • Twice the coral trout in Great Barrier Reef protected zones

    26 Mar 2015 | 10:08 am
    Coral trout in protected 'green zones' are not only bigger and more abundant than those in fished 'blue zones' of the Great Barrier Reef Marine Park, but they are also better able to cope with cyclone damage, according to a long-term study.
  • Crossing fingers can reduce feelings of pain

    26 Mar 2015 | 10:08 am
    How you feel pain is affected by where sources of pain are in relation to each other, and so crossing your fingers can change what you feel on a single finger, finds new research. "Many people suffer from chronic pain, and the level of pain experienced can be higher than would be expected from actual tissue damage. Our research is basic laboratory science, but it raises the interesting possibility that pain levels could be manipulated by applying additional stimuli, and by moving one part of the body relative to others," the senior author explained.
  • Veterans' avoidant coping interfers with transition to university life

    26 Mar 2015 | 9:21 am
    A study of 165 veterans currently enrolled at three Texas universities shows that those who use problem-focused coping strategies for anxiety and depression instead of avoidant coping have more successful transitions from military life to college student life.
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    The Why Files

  • Trampling culture, destroying history

    19 Mar 2015 | 12:39 pm
    Trampling culture, destroying history The tomb of the prophet Jonah (Jonas), revered in Judaism, Christianity and Islam, exploded by ISIS in July, 2014. Video: News of Iraq Like a gang of vandals caught on a security camera, the destruction proceeds in strife-torn Iraq, often considered a birthplace of writing, agriculture and the city state. Blow by blow, the sledgehammer destroys statues carved during the glory days of Mesopotamia and other ancient civilizations of the Middle East. Maybe you've seen the videos. The images are a curator's nightmare, as stone chips and ceramics shatter. And…
  • Chameleon’s color trick explained

    11 Mar 2015 | 10:34 am
    Chameleon's color trick explained Watch what happens when a second male agitates an adult panther chameleon. The green color scheme transforms to yellow and red in this X8 sped-up video. Video: Nature Communications 2015 Chameleons, a type of lizard, are so good at changing color that "chameleon-like" is shorthand for a change in appearance that is fast, fundamental and often devious. Now, finally, we get an explanation for how one species of chameleon changes from vivid green -- a great camouflage for tree dwellers -- to yellow or orange with stripes of bright red and white. And then, when…
  • Eight ways microbes keep you healthy

    5 Mar 2015 | 12:34 pm
    Eight ways microbes keep you healthy A mosaic of the diverse and pervasive microbiomes of the human body. Illustration: Charis Tsevis They digest our food, adjust our immune system, protect our skin from infection, and play a role in obesity and severe digestive woes. They, of course, are the trillions of microbes -- bacteria, viruses and fungi -- that live in more or less peaceful coexistence with the human body. The major microbiome is in the large intestine, where microbes aid digestion, create vitamins and deter harmful microbes. Skin and noses are other hotspots of microbial variety.
  • 2014 Cool Science Image Contest Winners

    28 Feb 2015 | 11:00 pm
    2015 Cool Science Image contest submission UW-Madison Students, Faculty, and Staff: Enter your best science images to win!Submit here: 2015 Cool Science Image Contest 2014 Cool Science Image Contest Winning Images Click to view slideshow. Winning Videos Real time immune response in a live animal. This video is a compressed four-hour time-lapse movie of neutrophils (expressing red fluorescent protein) and macrophages (expressing green fluorescent protein) migrating to the site of a tail fin wound in a transgenic zebrafish larvae. Images were acquired using confocal microscopy. Neutrophils and…
  • Fossil find supports hippo-whale-dolphin ties

    26 Feb 2015 | 1:56 pm
    Fossil find supports hippo-whale-dolphin ties Ogle a hippopotamus. Then eyeball a whale. Admit it: you don't see much in common. But then look at their DNA, and the link is unmistakable: About 20 years ago, with the explosion of genomic studies, scientists realized that the four-footed, lake-dwelling mammal and the goliaths of the ocean shared a common ancestor about 52 million years ago. The genetics were transparent, but the fossils were opaque. Plenty of fossils of whales (and their fellow cetaceans, the dolphins and porpoises) were found. But a huge hollow in the history of the hippo…
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  • New mitochondrially-derived peptides show what they can do

    26 Mar 2015 | 10:40 am
    (—There is a whole lot more to the textbook mitochondrial genome then once was thought. A case in point is a multifunctional peptide named humanin that is dual-encoded deep within 16S ribosomal RNA gene in the mtDNA. Pinchas Cohen's lab was one of three labs that simultaneously co-discovered humanin when screening for proteins that may be involved in Alzheimer's, IGF-1 signaling, and apoptosis. Cohen's group just published a report in Cell Metabolism where they described another mitochondrially derived peptide, this time encoded within the 12S RNA-c gene, which has also has some…
  • Pacific-wide study reveals striped marlins' preferred habitat, may help avoid overfishing

    26 Mar 2015 | 10:28 am
    In the largest study to track striped marlin in the Pacific Ocean, marine ecologists report the preferred habitat of this valuable commercial and recreational fish by using direct observations collected by satellite tags. Details appear this month in an early online edition of Fisheries Research.
  • How did the chicken cross the sea?

    26 Mar 2015 | 10:27 am
    It may sound like the makings of a joke, but answering the question of how chickens crossed the sea may soon provide more than just a punch line.
  • Girl POWer! How strong female superheroes are gaining ground on the guys

    26 Mar 2015 | 10:22 am
    Female characters portrayed in two popular TV shows not only are competing for powerful ratings (and advertising dollars) among the networks, but also are exemplifying how women are gaining equality in superhero fiction. Rebecca Borah, a University of Cincinnati associate professor of English and comparative literature, will present examples from two popular TV programs, at the 46th annual conference of the College English Association, which takes place March 26-28, in Indianapolis.
  • Deadly Japan quake and tsunami spurred global warming, ozone loss

    26 Mar 2015 | 10:20 am
    Buildings destroyed by the 2011 Tohoku earthquake released thousands of tons of climate-warming and ozone-depleting chemicals into the atmosphere, according to a new study.
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    Science News Headlines - Yahoo News

  • Jockey motion tracking reveals racing prowess

    26 Mar 2015 | 9:44 am
    By Matthew Stock A research team from the Royal Veterinary College (RVC) is using motion tracking technology to try to establish the optimal riding position for jockeys, as well as enhance the performance of racehorses and reduce the risk of injury to both horse and jockey. The project, entitled "Apprentice to Journeyman: the influence of jockey technique on thoroughbred racehorse locomotion", is analyzing the riding style of more experienced jockeys compared with novice riders to try to determine if the technique differs significantly between the two skill levels. They wanted to see how more…
  • Are Smart Pills & Brain Zapping Risky? Bioethicists Weigh In

    26 Mar 2015 | 9:18 am
    Now, bioethicists are weighing in, saying that while such cognitive enhancement is neither bad nor good, it deserves more research. In the past, "there have been many arguments that suggest one should take an ethical stance for or against cognitive enhancement" of healthy individuals, said Amy Gutmann, chairwoman of the Presidential Commission for the Study of Bioethical Issues, which released the second part of a report today (March 26) on ethics in neuroscience research, commissioned by President Barack Obama as part of the BRAIN Initiative, a collaborative effort to develop tools to study…
  • 5 Human Body Questions the 1-Year Space Station Mission May Answer

    26 Mar 2015 | 6:54 am
    NASA has a lot of questions about what happens to people who live in space for long periods of time, and it's almost time to get some answers. When NASA astronaut Scott Kelly and Russia's Mikhail Kornienko fly up to the International Space Station Friday (March 27) for a yearlong stay on the orbiting outpost, space agency scientists will get to work on experiments that could help get people to Mars one day. Officials have a lot of information about what happens to a body in weightlessness for six months, but the 12-month space mission will mark the first time researchers can gather…
  • New Tech Could Protect Astronauts' Eyes on Mars Mission

    26 Mar 2015 | 6:53 am
    Three new technologies could help keep astronauts' vision sharp during a mission to Mars. The National Space Biomedical Research Institute (NSBRI) Industry Forum earlier this month funded three companies as part of its "Vision for Mars" challenge, which seeks to encourage the development of tech that can mitigate the visual problems astronauts experience during long-term spaceflight. For example, astronauts aboard the International Space Station must exercise vigorously every day to stave off muscle atrophy and a decrease in bone density. Such health issues are a real concern…
  • How Real-Life AI Rivals 'Terminator': Robots Take the Shot

    26 Mar 2015 | 5:48 am
    From the Turing-bashing "Ex Machina" to old friends R2-D2 and C-3PO, and new enemies like the Avengers' Ultron, sentient robots will demonstrate a number of human and superhuman traits on-screen. In this five-part series Live Science looks at these made-for-the-movies advances in machine intelligence. As he's so often promised, Arnold Schwarzenegger will be back, once again taking on his iconic killer-robot role in July's "Terminator Genisys." While no Skynet-like AI has sent red-eyed robots after humanity (thankfully), the prospect of weaponized AI has…
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    Bitesize Bio

  • TestPost

    25 Mar 2015 | 8:50 am
  • Science as Sport? Improve Your Work by Changing Your Perspective

    Dave McGarry
    25 Mar 2015 | 5:00 am
    “You think you know, but you don’t know and you never will, okay?” was the response an irate Jim Mora, head coach of the New Orleans Saints, gave to an unwitting journalist questioning his management – his point being that unless you’ve actually been in a professional sports team, you will never know what it’s like to coach at the top level. The similarity isn’t too far away from life as a PhD student or postdoc. Unless you’ve experienced trying to get your own project off the ground, it’s quite hard to describe to your family and friends what science life is like.
  • Five Easy Ways to Reduce Word Count

    Kristin Harper
    23 Mar 2015 | 5:00 am
    The NIH grant that you are working on only gives you five pages to describe your research strategy. You’re wrestling with a research report for Science that has a maximum word limit of 2500. And the abstract for the conference you’d like to speak at this spring only allows you 300 words to summarize the work you will be presenting. Sound familiar? If you are a scientist, chances are that you have spent plenty of time struggling to reduce the word count of various documents. Here are five helpful hints for communicating your ideas more succinctly, with examples to make the process easier.
  • The 4 Important Steps for Western Blot Quantification

    Melanie Laederich
    20 Mar 2015 | 11:43 pm
    As scientists we love nothing more than quantitative data! Oh ya! But if you don’t quantify your Western blots correctly you’ll find yourself in an unpleasant, unrepeatable and totally meaningless place. And while some scientists are okay dwelling in a meaningless place, I hope you are not. Review these important concepts about how to correctly quantitate your next Western blot. 1. Find the Linear Range For quantitate analysis of an image you must ensure your image was captured in a manner sensitive enough to detect change, in what we call the “linear range”. If you are not working…
  • The Why and How of Oil Immersion Microscopy

    Martin Wilson
    20 Mar 2015 | 11:43 pm
    Do you know why immersion oil and objectives are used for high power magnification? Do you know how to use an immersion objective correctly? Then review with me the why and how of immersion objectives. The quality of your image depends on your Numerical Aperture (NA) and resolution. To very briefly recap, NA relates to the light gathering properties of the optical components of your microscope, whereas resolution is your ability to distinguish details within your specimen. Using an immersion lens and oil can improve both your resolution and NA. Now let us take a look at why this is.
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    PHD Comics

  • 03/20/15 PHD comic: 'Carry on'

    20 Mar 2015 | 6:21 am
    Piled Higher & Deeper by Jorge Cham title: "Carry on" - originally published 3/20/2015 For the latest news in PHD Comics, CLICK HERE!
  • 03/16/15 PHD comic: 'Who owns your data?'

    17 Mar 2015 | 7:45 am
    Piled Higher & Deeper by Jorge Cham title: "Who owns your data?" - originally published 3/16/2015 For the latest news in PHD Comics, CLICK HERE!
  • 03/13/15 PHD comic: 'Sick Day'

    13 Mar 2015 | 4:29 am
    Piled Higher & Deeper by Jorge Cham title: "Sick Day" - originally published 3/13/2015 For the latest news in PHD Comics, CLICK HERE!
  • 03/11/15 PHD comic: 'Feeling sick'

    11 Mar 2015 | 3:57 am
    Piled Higher & Deeper by Jorge Cham title: "Feeling sick" - originally published 3/11/2015 For the latest news in PHD Comics, CLICK HERE!
  • 03/04/15 PHD comic: 'A friendly reminder'

    5 Mar 2015 | 2:48 pm
    Piled Higher & Deeper by Jorge Cham title: "A friendly reminder" - originally published 3/4/2015 For the latest news in PHD Comics, CLICK HERE!
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    ZME Science

  • Icelandic DNA mapping might lead to the future of medicine

    Alexandra Gerea
    26 Mar 2015 | 9:01 am
    Scientists are working to gather more and more details about Icelandic DNA, in an attempt to design better drugs and understand how drugs react to genetic variation. So far, the DNA of over 1% of all Icelanders has been sequenced and more will likely follow. This operation is conducted by Amgen's DeCode Genetics. The team now claims that they can identify every woman at high-risk of breast cancer "at the touch of a button" and it would be "criminal" not to use the information.
  • Scientists find “punk” shape shifting frog

    Alexandra Gerea
    26 Mar 2015 | 7:32 am
    For the first time, researchers have discovered a vertebrate able to change the texture of its skin from smooth to spiny. The new frog species was found in Ecuador in the plentiful moss surrounding the native forest.
  • NASA wants to take a piece of an asteroid and make it a moon of the Moon

    Dragos Mitrica
    26 Mar 2015 | 7:03 am
    It almost sounds to cheesy to be true: NASA wants to send a shuttle to an asteroid, pluck a piece of it, then make it return to the Moon and orbit it. Then, brave astronauts will go and retrieve the sample, bringing it back to Earth for study. But that's exactly what astronomers and engineers at the space agency want to do.
  • Scientists discover another layer in the Earth’s mantle

    Dragos Mitrica
    25 Mar 2015 | 2:39 pm
    Most people tend to think of the Earth in terms of crust, mantle and core, and while those are indeed the largest "layers" (you can't properly call the mantle a layer though), each one of them is made from other, thinner layers. Now, researchers from the University of Utah have identified another one of these thinner layers, 930 miles beneath our feet.
  • Two students created a device that extinguishes fires with soundwaves

    Henry Conrad
    25 Mar 2015 | 12:48 pm
    What do fires and deep sounds have in common? Not much right now, but they might have a lot in the future.Two George Mason University students have designed a device that uses sound waves to put out fires, thus potentially eliminating the need for carrying around huge quantities of water and costly cleaning operations. Here's how it works:
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  • Go Back in Time with the Hadza: Last of the First Movie Screening

    Amy P
    26 Mar 2015 | 9:11 am
    There are fewer people connected to nature now than ever before—and no one connected to it in the same way as the Hadza. One of the last hunter-gather groups on earth, the Hadza have lived sustainably off the bounty of their ancestral homeland in Africa’s Rift Valley for at least 50,000 years. But their unique culture and way of life, including the ability to source 95 percent of their diet from the wild, has been threatened by issues as varied as continuing encroachment, aggressive tree-cutting and over-grazing. That’s why we’ve collaborated with The Nature Conservancy to bring a…
  • All Tied Up – A New Addition to the Hall of Ancient Egypt at HMNS

    24 Mar 2015 | 5:00 am
    Over the last couple of weeks, eagle-eyed visitors to the Hall of Ancient Egypt may have noticed that things look somehow different. If it’s not any bigger than before, the Hall is certainly better stocked than before – we have added something in the region of sixty new objects to the displays. Most of these come from the Michael C. Carlos Museum, Emory University, and join a number of pieces they have already loaned us. Over the next few weeks, we’ll be highlighting some of these new objects, and talking about why they’re special and what getting them on display involved – some of…
  • Mark Your Calendars for these events happening at HMNS 3/23-3/29

    Sheila George
    22 Mar 2015 | 6:00 pm
    Bust out your planners, calendars, and PDAs (if you are throwback like that), it’s time to mark your calendars for the HMNS events of this week! Behind-the-Scenes ToursTuesday, March 24 6:00 p.m.Samurai: The Way of the WarriorWitness the exquisite objects related to the legendary Samurai warriors of Japan in the special exhibition Samurai: The Way of the Warrior. Museum master docents will lead you through the collection that includes full suits of armor, helmets, swords, sword-hilts, and saddles, as well as exquisite objects intended for more personal use such as lacquered writing boxes,…
  • Why no tropical milkweed at the Cockrell Butterfly Center plant sale this year?

    21 Mar 2015 | 5:12 am
    Aslepias curassavica We are sorry to disappoint monarch enthusiasts, but the Cockrell Butterfly Center has decided not to sell tropical milkweed (aka Mexican milkweed, Asclepias curassavica) any more. Instead, we will have a limited quantity of native milkweeds for sale. Recently, biologists studying monarchs have discovered that tropical milkweed may be a factor in the spread of a parasitic infection that attacks monarchs. The infection is called Oe (short for Ophryocystis elektroscirrha) and is transmitted by spores that fall from an infected female’s body onto the hostplant when she lays…
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    Distillations Blog

  • On January 12, 2015, police officers escorted Hal and Michelle...

    20 Mar 2015 | 5:21 pm
    On January 12, 2015, police officers escorted Hal and Michelle Stanley out of their Arkansas home. For five hours they searched the house. Eventually officers found a dietary supplement that was bought over the Internet: MMS (Miracle Mineral Solution, also known as Master Mineral Solution). The police took the Stanley’s seven children into state custody for, among other alleged abuses, the presence of a poisonous substance in their home.MMS is a solution of sodium chlorite and water. When mixed with citric acid, as instructed by the packaging, it reacts to become a potentially deadly dose…
  • Same As It Ever Was

    11 Mar 2015 | 1:38 pm
    The next issue of our magazine—the very first issue of Distillations, by the way—takes a look at World War I and the history of chemical weapons. In the months I spent working on the articles, I was struck time and again by the cruelty and stupidity of war and things men are willing to do to one another. More than anything, I’m putting the issue to bed with my beliefs reaffirmed that war is a horrible, pointless thing. This is evident in the staggering numbers of those injured and killed, in the images of maimed and disfigured soldiers, the absurd rhetoric of wartime propaganda, and…
  • Stop the Press!The Distillations egg is finally hatching. After...

    6 Mar 2015 | 7:56 am
    Stop the Press!The Distillations egg is finally hatching. After more than a year of hard work we finally printed the first issue of Distillations Magazine.  It’s a redesign and reimagining of Chemical Heritage, which has, in its many forms, been around since the 1980s. We spent two long days at our printers last week watching the birth. The long silver and green rectangular box thing is a Heidelberg printing press, which can print 17,000 identical sheets in about 3 hours. It’s an offset printer rather than a digital printer, which means four metal plates are used to print each magazine…
  • Distillations Podcast: Innovation & Obsolescence—The Life, Death, and Occasional Rebirth of Technologies

    27 Feb 2015 | 6:59 am
    Some technologies flash in the pan so quickly they hardly leave a trace (Google Glass anyone?); while others seem to stick around long past their use by date. And still other creations appear to be gone for good, only to make a comeback within a niche—and likely nostalgic—community. We set out to explore the rhymes and reasons behind these ebbs and flows of technological innovation and obsolescence. First we go to a place where digital nostalgia is alive and well: a vintage video arcade outside of Chicago. Reporter Colleen Pellissier tells the story of one man who dedicates his life to…
  • You wouldn’t know a limpet had teeth from looking at it. These...

    25 Feb 2015 | 8:20 am
    You wouldn’t know a limpet had teeth from looking at it. These soft, squishy sea snails cling to rocks and scrape algae into their mouths, which means their teeth need to be stronger than rock. Last week, a paper in the Royal Society’s journal Interface published the results of a limpet tooth stress test. It turns out that these teeth are the strongest biological material on the planet. (We wrote about graphene a few months ago, which is one of the strongest human-made materials.)The study reports that the teeth can take between 3.0 to 6.5 GPa (gigapascals) of stress before failing.
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    NOVA | PBS

  • DIY Subatomic Particle Detector

    17 Mar 2015 | 9:00 pm
    Here's a way you can reveal subatomic particles that are shooting in front of your eyes all the time.
  • Ghosts of Subatomic Particles

    17 Mar 2015 | 9:00 pm
    Watch the smallest particles in the universe fly down from space and get ejected from a radioactive rod.
  • Lethal Seas

    16 Mar 2015 | 9:00 pm
    A unique coral garden in Papua New Guinea shows what the future may hold as oceans acidify.
  • The Burden of Knowing

    16 Mar 2015 | 9:00 pm
    Genetic tests reveal important information, but that knowledge can come with a cost.
  • The Great Math Mystery

    10 Mar 2015 | 9:00 pm
    Is math invented by humans, or is it the language of the universe?
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    EurekAlert! - Breaking News

  • Tasmania's swift parrot set to follow the dodo

    25 Mar 2015 | 9:00 pm
    The iconic Tasmanian swift parrot is facing population collapse and could become extinct within 16 years, new research has found.
  • Fitness level associated with lower risk of some cancers, death in men

    25 Mar 2015 | 9:00 pm
    Men with a high fitness level in midlife appear to be at lower risk for lung and colorectal cancer, but not prostate cancer, and that higher fitness level also may put them at lower risk of death if they are diagnosed with cancer when they're older, according to a study published online by JAMA Oncology.
  • Pacific-wide study reveals striped marlins' preferred habitat, may help avoid overfishing

    25 Mar 2015 | 9:00 pm
    Using the largest tagging data set to date, lead author Chi Hin 'Tim' Lam of UMass Amherst's Large Pelagics Research Center in Gloucester, Mass., with colleagues at USC Los Angeles and the Marine Conservation Science Institute of Waikoloa, Hawaii, show that across the Pacific Ocean the vertical habitat of striped marlin is defined by the light-penetrated, uppermost part of the ocean known as the epipelagic layer, within eight degrees Celsius of sea surface temperature.
  • Penn Medicine study: In debated surgical procedure, technique trumps technology

    25 Mar 2015 | 9:00 pm
    A team of orthopedic surgeons from the Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania has found that modern technology for healing distal femur fractures is as safe and effective as its more established alternative, without a potential shortfall of the older approach.
  • Experts set strategic priorities for lymphoma research

    25 Mar 2015 | 9:00 pm
    A committee of lymphoma experts today unveiled a strategic roadmap identifying key priority areas in both infrastructure and research that will be critical for advancing treatments for people with lymphoma.
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    The Daily Galaxy --Great Discoveries Channel: Sci, Space, Tech

  • The Starmaker --Fierce Colossal Winds of a Galaxy's Supermassive Black Hole
    26 Mar 2015 | 6:20 am
    Star formation takes place in cold, dense molecular clouds. By heating and dispersing gas that could one day make stars, the black-hole wind forever alters a large portion of its galaxy. By combining observations from the Japan-led Suzaku X-ray satellite and the European Space Agency's infrared Herschel Space Observatory, scientists have connected a fierce "wind" produced near a galaxy's monster black hole to an outward torrent of cold gas a thousand light-years across. The finding validates a long-suspected feedback mechanism enabling a supermassive black hole to influence the evolution of…
  • Image of the Day: Dusty Cloud at Milky Way Core Survives Supermassive Black Hole Encounter
    26 Mar 2015 | 4:00 am
    This composite image shows the motion of the dusty cloud G2 as it closes in on, and then passes, the supermassive black hole at the centre of the Milky Way. These new observations with ESO's VLT have shown that the cloud appears to have survived its close encounter with the black hole and remains a compact object that is not significantly extended. In this image the position of the cloud in the years 2006, 2010, 2012 and February and September 2014 are shown, from left to right. The blobs have been colorized to show the motion of the cloud, red indicated that the object is receding and blue…
  • Jupiter's Explosive Ever-Present Polar Lights --Many Times Size of the Earth
    25 Mar 2015 | 8:04 am
    On Earth, bursts of particles spewed by the Sun spark shimmering auroras, like the Northern Lights, that briefly dance at our planet’s poles. But, on Jupiter, there’s an auroral glow all the time, and new observations show that this Jovian display sometimes flares up because of a process having nothing to do with the Sun. In this artist’s rendering from the Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency, flows of electrically charged ions and electrons accelerate along Jupiter’s magnetic field lines (fountain-like blue curves), triggering auroras (blue rings) at the planet’s pole. Accelerated…
  • "Hacking the Cosmos" --New Systems Able to Process Square Kilometer Array Data Tsunami
    25 Mar 2015 | 7:33 am
    It's almost a rite of passage in physics and astronomy. Scientists spend years scrounging up money to build a fantastic new instrument. Then, when the long-awaited device finally approaches completion, the panic begins: How will they handle the torrent of data? That's the situation now, at least, with the Square Kilometer Array (SKA), a radio telescope planned for Africa and Australia that will have an unprecedented ability to deliver data -- lots of data points, with lots of details -- on the location and properties of stars, galaxies and giant clouds of hydrogen gas. In a study published in…
  • Naming the Mysterious Features of Pluto and Charon --"An Open Invitation to the World Community"
    24 Mar 2015 | 8:21 am
    In a few months, the Craters, mountains and other landforms of Pluto will take shape before our eyes. When New Horizons flies past Pluto in July, we will see a new, alien landscape in stark detail. At that point, we will have a lot to talk about. The only way we can talk about it is if those features, whatever they turn out to be, have names. The SETI and the New Horizons team is beginning a campaign called “Our Pluto”. The goal is to gather together the names that they will eventually use to label the maps of Pluto and its large moon, Charon. After discussions with the International…
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    Science and Enterprise

  • Hand-Held DNA Sequencer IDs Bacteria, Viruses

    26 Mar 2015 | 9:18 am
    MinIon device (Biomed Central) 26 March 2015. A palm-sized DNA sequencing device was able to identify a number of bacteria and viruses, and discriminate between closely related species in about 6 hours. Tests of the MinIon device, made by Oxford Nanopore Technologies in Oxford, U.K., were reported today in the journal GigaScience. Oxford Nanopore is developing the MinIon as a portable disease surveillance system that analyzes DNA from blood samples in the field, and operates as a plug-in peripheral on a laptop computer. The company makes early versions of the system available to researchers…
  • FDA Approves Inhalational Anthrax Treatment

    25 Mar 2015 | 2:40 pm
    Anthrax spores (U.S. Food and Drug Administration) 25 March 2015. The U.S. Food and Drug Administration today approved a treatment for inhalational anthrax, a rare but dangerous respiratory condition that can result from a bioterrorist attack. The drug is marketed as Anthrasil by Emergent BioSolutions Inc. in Gaithersburg, Maryland. Anthrax is caused by Bacillus anthracis, bacteria found naturally in soil and commonly affecting domestic and wild animals. Humans can become ill when exposed to contaminated animals or if anthrax spores are released intentionally. When inhaled, anthrax spores…
  • University Breeds Genome-Edited Pigs

    25 Mar 2015 | 12:58 pm
    (Beahohl/Pixabay) 25 March 2014. Veterinary researchers at University of Maryland successfully bred 18 pigs with their genomes edited by a technique that prominent geneticists recently called for strict guidelines. The university today announced birth of the baby pigs bred by animal sciences professor Bhanu Telugu and faculty research assistant Ki-Eun Park. Telugu and Park applied the technique known as CRISPR, short for clustered, regularly interspaced short palindromic repeats. CRISPR is adapted from a natural process used by bacteria to protect against attack by viruses, where a protein…
  • Stem Cell Biotech Gains $44M in First Venture Round

    24 Mar 2015 | 1:24 pm
    Human stem cell derived beta cells in mice (Doug Melton, Harvard University) 24 March 2015. A biotechnology start-up developing a stem-cell technology to replace missing beta cells that produce insulin for patients with type 1 diabetes, secured $44 million in its first venture funding round. Funding for Semma Therapeutics in Cambridge, Massachusetts was led by MPM Capital, with participation by Fidelity Biosciences, ARCH Venture Partners, and Medtronic. Details about a separate agreement with the pharmaceutical company Novartis were not disclosed. Semma Therapeutics is licensing research…
  • Clinical Trial to Test Ketamine to Treat Rett Syndrome

    23 Mar 2015 | 3:50 pm
    Ketamine vials (Licensed under Public Domain via Wikimedia Commons) 23 March 2015. A clinical trial is planned to test an anesthetic used in surgery as a treatment for Rett syndrome, a rare developmental disorder affecting girls. The trial testing the anesthetic ketamine will be conducted by Case Western Reserve University medical school in Cleveland, funded by a $1.3 million grant from Rett Syndrome Research Trust. Rett syndrome is a genetic disorder affecting 1 in 10,000 to 15,000 female births, and while it is caused by a mutation in the MECP2 gene, the disease is not inherited. Symptoms…
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    Lake Scientist | Lake Scientist

  • Possible Effects Of Lower Buckeye Lake Levels

    Daniel Kelly
    26 Mar 2015 | 7:09 am
    Following a U.S. Army Corps of Engineers’ report on the structural integrity of the Buckeye Lake dam, the State of Ohio has committed to rebuilding it, according to WOSU News. The price tag is hefty, estimated to come in at more than $125 million. After the long-term project is complete, Ohio Governor John Kasich has said that water levels in Buckeye Lake will remain five feet lower than the levels it has maintained in the past. Business owners around the lake are understandably nervous about the drop, and expect it may impact their profits. “There’ll be no negotiations on the height of…
  • Scientists Expand Global Lake Surface Temperature Database

    Daniel Kelly
    24 Mar 2015 | 6:52 am
    With data from independent researchers and groups like the Global Lake Ecological Observatory Network (GLEON), scientists at York University have compiled an expanded dataset on lake surface temperatures worldwide, according to a release from the school. The work will prove important to current and future investigations into the effects of climate change on Earth’s freshwater resources. “Given the results of these previous studies and the observed rapid warming of lakes – as well as the important ecological and hydrologic implications – there has been a significant need to…
  • Samples From Antarctica’s Blood Falls Will Show Lake Bonney Impacts

    Daniel Kelly
    19 Mar 2015 | 6:23 am
    Scientists have tapped the briny bottom of a subglacial ecosystem that flows into Antarctica’s Lake Bonney, according to The Antarctic Sun. The area where the fluid comes out has come to be known as “Blood Falls,” after its red color. Of course, the fluid isn’t actually blood – it’s an iron-rich, saline liquid that looks red when it reaches the surface. Previous investigations, like one in 2004, had tried to sample the brine, but introduced error because their samples had been exposed to Antarctic air and water. To get around the problems of studies past, researchers from U.S.
  • Research Summary: Nearshore Temperature Variation In The North American Great Lakes And Possible Climate Change Impacts

    Guest Submissions
    18 Mar 2015 | 6:17 am
    AAquatic Research and Monitoring Section, Ontario Ministry of Natural Resources and Forestry, 2140 East Bank Drive, Peterborough, Ontario K9J 7B8, Canada BDepartment of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, University of Toronto, 25 Harbord Street, Toronto, Ontario M5S 3G5, Canada CGreat Lakes Laboratory for Fisheries and Aquatic Science, Fisheries and Oceans Canada, PO Box 5050, 867 Lakeshore Road, Burlington, Ontario L7R 4A6, Canada Introduction Nearshore regions of the North American Great Lakes are biologically productive and are important for municipal (e.g. water intake plants) and…
  • Non-Native Alga Expands In Lake Baikal

    Daniel Kelly
    17 Mar 2015 | 8:36 am
    Russia’s Lake Baikal is shrinking, according to Reuters. But that’s one of the smaller problems plaguing the world’s largest freshwater lake. One of the bigger ones, experts say, is the rise of non-native algae. Lower water levels can be explained by hydropower plants along rivers that feed Lake Baikal. The algae problem – well that is likely due to increases in biological waste. This has been boosted by discharging sewage facilities in local holiday centers near the lake, according to Russia Today. Spirogyra is the non-native algae type on the rise, and is quickly changing…
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    Frontier Scientists

  • Tea water in Arctic rivers– carbon pathways

    Laura Nielsen
    24 Mar 2015 | 4:39 pm
    At the turn of the season as snow and ice melt, Alaska’s waterways open up. “This is the highest this river will be this season,” Jason Dobkowski said. “Here is this giant flush of particulate and nutrients that flow through the river. So we are trying to make sure we sample at this big flush […]
  • Mercury, cod, and climate change

    Laura Nielsen
    17 Mar 2015 | 3:41 pm
    It’s hard to imagine stalking the shores of Alaska hunting with spear or net more than four millennia ago. Harder still to know that the people living in that already-harsh time faced an even more insidious threat than hunger or the fierce elements. New archaeological findings show elevated levels of toxic mercury in Pacific Cod […]
  • That dress! – interpreting colors like an Arctic ground squirrel

    Laura Nielsen
    10 Mar 2015 | 4:31 pm
    Two people are looking at a picture of the same dress on the same screen. When asked ‘What color is this dress?’ they might give entirely different answers. Some people see a white dress with gold trim. Others see a blue dress with black trim. Others see variations. The viral picture set people at odds […]
  • Iditarod sled dogs’ fat burning capabilities

    Laura Nielsen
    3 Mar 2015 | 6:32 pm
    The Ceremonial Start of the 2015 Iditarod, a sled dog mushing race, will be held in Anchorage on March 7th. The Restart will be Monday, March 9th, in Fairbanks. While the race is normally run from Anchorage to Nome, Alaska, low snow conditions have forced the race route north for the second time. You can […]
  • New videos about Frozen Debris Lobes, geohazards

    Laura Nielsen
    24 Feb 2015 | 6:00 pm
    February 24 2015— Slow landslides in permafrost slide downhill on mountain slopes in the Brooks Range of Alaska. These massive frozen debris lobes are geohazards. They pose a potential threat to the Dalton Highway, Alaska’s lone road to the North Slope. There are 23 identified frozen debris lobes situated less than one mile uphill from […]
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    Midwest Labs Blog | Omaha, Nebraska

  • Getting Garden Ready for Spring

    Pohlman Brent
    25 Mar 2015 | 4:44 am
    It appears many people are getting their garden ready for spring planting. Midwest Laboratories offers a Lawn and Garden Testing Package to assist gardeners and lawn owners in this process. This comprehensive analysis is listed at $25 and provides clients with fertilizer recommendations based on the nutrients in their soil. Here are some reminders that […]
  • Arsenic in Wines

    Pohlman Brent
    24 Mar 2015 | 5:03 am
    Check out this story. It does a good job of describing where the arsenic comes from and what you can do as a consumer if you are concerned about this issue. Arsenic comes from items items associated with the process of wine making and bottling. photo credit: red wine via photopin (license)
  • Midwest Labs Mobile App – Get it Today

    Pohlman Brent
    23 Mar 2015 | 4:44 am
    The Midwest Laboratories App has been out for almost a year. It is available for Android and Apple Devices. Works great on phones and tablets The great part about the app is that it lets you know the following: Date – When you can expect results Report – View your analysis report from your phone Duration […]
  • Ask Questions | Get Answers

    Pohlman Brent
    20 Mar 2015 | 5:06 am
    From my experience at the laboratory, it is amazing to me that specific analysis will be done and a number reported, yet that number has no meaning to the sample owner because the owner has no idea what the number means. Analysis is conducted almost everyday of the yearat Midwest Laboratories and once this analysis […]
  • Sample Paperwork – Avoid Delays

    Pohlman Brent
    18 Mar 2015 | 7:13 pm
    In this current culture where companies are trying to go paperless and scanning barcodes continues to grow and get better each year, sample paperwork is still the best option for insuring your analysis request is received and processed. Just like other companies, we are trying to find an easier solution and we are making advances […]
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  • New Themes: Saga and Satellite

    Caroline Moore
    26 Mar 2015 | 9:00 am
    Happy Theme Thursday, ladies and gentlemen! Let’s take a look at our two newest free themes, Saga and Satellite: Saga Saga, designed by the talented Justin Tadlock, is a theme tailor-made for writers, by a writer. The theme’s impeccable typography and attention to detail make for an enjoyable reading experience, and with support for large featured images and multiple post formats, Saga is flexible enough to be used as a photoblog, a personal journal, or a tumblelog. Read more about Saga on the Theme Showcase, or activate it on your site from Appearance → Themes! Satellite…
  • Press Publish Livestream

    Andrea Middleton
    25 Mar 2015 | 12:40 pm
    Kathy Cano-Murillo will present on how she became A DIY Success. Press Publish, the very first blogging conference organized by, will be held in Portland, Oregon, this Saturday. (Psst! We’ll be in Phoenix hosting Press Publish on April 18th, 2015.) Erick Prince-Heaggans will present Around the World in 80 Posts. Because this is the first event of its kind, we’re eager to get as much feedback from attendees as possible. And since it’s not always easy for people to travel to attend conferences, we’ve decided to bring Press Publish Portland to you (or at least to your…
  • This April in Blogging U.: The Return of Writing 101!

    Michelle W.
    23 Mar 2015 | 9:00 am
    This April, we’ll be offering Writing 101: Building a Blogging Habit. Writing 101 is a write-every-day challenge designed to help you create a writing habit and push you as a writer, while publishing posts that mesh with your blog’s focus. What is Writing 101? Writing 101 is a four-week course that runs from Monday, April 6, to Friday, May 1, 2015. Each weekday, you’ll get an assignment that includes a writing prompt and an optional “twist”; prompts are your topic inspiration for the day, while twists push you to experiment with writing techniques and tools. Who else is…
  • New Themes: Resonar and Scrawl

    Takashi Irie
    19 Mar 2015 | 9:00 am
    Happy Theme Thursday, all! Today I’m pleased to present two new free themes designed especially for longform writing. Resonar Designed by yours truly, Resonar is an elegant blog theme with full-screen Featured Images. It’s perfect for blogs about fashion, food, or design, and the layout works especially well for longform features with large images. The combination of gorgeous images and beautiful typography creates posts that make an immediate visual impact. Read more about Resonar on the Theme Showcase, or activate it on your site from Appearance → Themes. Scrawl Scrawl,…
  • Websites for the Win: Four Home Pages

    Michelle W.
    17 Mar 2015 | 9:00 am
    We love blogs, but we love websites, too. Small businesses, personal portfolios, non-profit organizations, government websites — bring ‘em on! These four sites are each beautiful, effective, and built on Sandyfoot Farm Purple carrots, green grass, red tomatoes — rather than clashing, the images on Sandyfoot Farm’s site suggest abundance and health. Popular free theme Sela is the perfect backdrop for these Virginia farmers’ vibrant vegetables. Sela‘s built-in “front page” template gives them space for a welcome note and and…
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    Science + Technology – Articles – The Conversation

  • Future Fellowship cuts hit early-stage researchers hardest

    Maggie Hardy, Postdoctoral Research Fellow at The University of Queensland
    25 Mar 2015 | 5:19 pm
    Research institutes are important economic contributors to their host cities. The University of Queensland is just across the river from the city of Brisbane. Photo credit: The University of Queensland.Australian science has a great reputation for innovation. From ultrasounds to quantum computing chips, buffalo fly traps to Wi-Fi, Australians have long been at the forefront of technology in medicine, agriculture, and science. We need stable, national research funding programs to continue this tradition. Competitive grant schemes from the Australian Research Council (ARC) and National Health…
  • Recovering the bodies from the Germanwings air crash in the Alps

    Xanthe Mallett, Senior Lecturer in Forensic Criminology at University of New England
    24 Mar 2015 | 10:41 pm
    Preparing for bodies -- Emergency vehicles are lined up near the crash site of the Germanwings Airbus A320 Flight 4U9525. EPA/Sebastian NogierThe investigation into the crash of Germanwings Flight 4U9525 has begun, and with it the process of locating and recovering the 150 victims, including two Australians. Answers will come later, once the blackbox data are analysed and the dual aspects of the recovery –- the aircraft and the victims -– are complete. The crash site will be treated as a crime scene, even if the crash was an accident. Criminal charges may follow for negligence at a later…
  • Flying low during an emergency: from the pilot's point of view

    Sidney Dekker, Professor, School of Humanities at Griffith University
    24 Mar 2015 | 9:32 pm
    A Germanwings Airbus A320 similar to the one that crashed into the French Alps. EPA/Jan-Arwed RichterWe climbed out over the Mediterranean after take-off from Barcelona, veered off the Spanish coast, and pointed the nose northeast. Soon we’d be talking to controllers in Marseille and make landfall near Toulon. From there onward, sometimes taking a morsel of Italy, often across Switzerland, then further north, to our base in Copenhagen. Although a full-time professor, I was flying part-time as a co-pilot for an airline much like Germanwings. We’d typically fly Copenhagen-Barcelona back and…
  • Aspiring to something magnificent with science in Australia

    Ian Chubb, Chief Scientist for Australia at Office of the Chief Scientist
    24 Mar 2015 | 8:08 pm
    Chief scientist of Australia Professor Ian Chubb during his address to the National Press Club in Canberra. AAP Image/Lukas CochAustralia’s Chief Scientist, Professor Ian Chubb, spoke at the National Press Club today about his vision for science in the future of Australia. Here he outlines what he imagines Australia could be. Over the past four years, I have had a consistent message -– that science matters. And it is too important to leave to chance. Whether it is our environment, our health, our ageing population, our food supply, our economy or our security, it will be scientific…
  • Turtle extinction event bodes ill for our waterways

    Ricky Spencer, Senior Lecturer in Zoology at University of Western Sydney
    24 Mar 2015 | 12:16 pm
    The Bellinger Snapping Turtle is under threat, and that bodes ill for the entire ecosystem. Copyright: Gary Bell/, Author providedA number of distressed and dead turtles were found by canoeists in the Bellinger River on the north coast of New South Wales on Wednesday February 18 this year. At that time, it was reported by NSW National Parks and Wildlife rangers, NSW Wildlife Information, Rescue and Education Service (WIRES) volunteers and local residents that 30 turtles were affected. Several days later, the tally increased to 52 and, as of today, more than 300 turtles are…
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    David Bradley

  • Raising more than the roof at the house of blue lights

    David Bradley
    23 Mar 2015 | 3:10 am
    In the words of the song “Shed a little light”: There is a feeling like the clenching of a fist, There is a hunger in the center of the chest, There is a passage through the darkness… As such, this story is one in the eye for all those spammers selling erectile dysfunction drugs as scientists have implanted a light-activated gene into rats that makes a protein involved in sexual arousal. “With this gene in place,” the team reports in the journal Angewandte Chemie, “the rats make a protein involved in the release of the a synthetic designer guanylate cyclase…
  • White Line Warrior

    David Bradley
    21 Mar 2015 | 2:07 am
    A song of history, chemistry and exploitation White line warrior Heading up the Inca Trail Silkroad Surfer Hides behind electric veil Foothill courier En route to the promised land Fuelled with a bitter taste Torment is in her hand Global decimation One in ten, where worlds collide Find the taker nation A future lost for lack of pride Main line quarrier Digging up the dragon’s tale Milk wet citizen Finds the time to read the mail Timeline warrior Waking in the promised land Works a little haste Though history’s in his hands Global decimation One in ten, where worlds collide Find…
  • Listen up bat man, this is a sound book

    David Bradley
    20 Mar 2015 | 12:52 am
    Think of a plant trying to attract a pollinator and the image of brightly coloured flowers with sweet bowls of nectar perhaps come to mind. You might also be aware of the ultraviolet landing strips that guide insects towards the flowers sexy bits where pollen is picked up and deposited. There are even plants the flowers of which resemble female insects and so a libidinous male will attempt to mate unwittingly with the structure and do the pollen transfer business too. What I didn’t know until I read “The Sound Book” by Trevor Cox is that some plants use, not brightly…
  • The hormone’s on the wall

    David Bradley
    16 Mar 2015 | 3:09 am
    Molecular astrophysicist “Invader Xan” just posted a photo on Twitter showing a chemical structure painted on the wall at Schloss Ringberg. It looked like a steroid hormone to me and Invader, but were weren’t sure which. It didn’t take more than a minute or so for me to draw it on the emolecules site and do a quick search: 17-acetyl-10,13-dimethyl-1,2,6,7,8,9,11,12,14,15,16,17-dodecahydrocyclopent a[a]phenanthren-3-one, better known as progesterone or pregn-4-ene-3,20-dione a hormone involved in menstruation, pregnancy, embryogenesis in humans and other species. The…
  • Grammar numpty flowchart

    David Bradley
    16 Mar 2015 | 2:50 am
    We’ve all been there…spotted a typo in someone’s tweet, an unfortunate autocorrection, bad grammar, misused apostrophes, their instead of there, tragic spelling mistakes. Grammar and spelling are important, of course. But, is it your place to correct your fellow twitter users? Maybe they’re on a crowded commuter train and simply desperate to share that photo of a sleeping passenger dribbling over The Times crossword, maybe they have other things on their mind (Instagramming their food, yelling (virtually) whassup via WhatsApp, liking something unlikeable on Facebook,…
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  • Career Spotlight: Biologist

    Lauren Farrar
    19 Mar 2015 | 11:52 am
      Matt Wandell is a biologist at the Steinhart Aquarium at the California Academy of Sciences. His work involves feeding the animals, cleaning the tanks and making sure everything in the aquarium stays healthy. Wandell also participates in research expeditions to survey coral reefs and collect organisms. He was a key scientist in developing a portable decompression chamber for fish that allows divers to safely transport fish from deep in the ocean’s twilight zone up to the surface. Getting paid for what he loves to do, he says, makes this his dream job. This video is part of our…
  • What’s the Best Path to a Sustainable Future?

    QUEST Staff
    17 Mar 2015 | 11:42 am
    Source: DoNow Science Tags: climate change, featured, full-image, sustainability
  • Science Spotlight: Fish, Swim Bladders and Boyle's Law

    Adrienne Calo
    12 Mar 2015 | 4:23 pm
      Article by Lauren Farrar Scientists at the California Academy of Sciences have recently engineered a device that allows them to collect newly-discovered fish species from the ocean’s “twilight zone” and safely bring them up to the surface to study. Prior to this invention, it was difficult for scientists to study fish in this region because many fish can’t handle the rapid change in pressure they experience when being transported to the surface. In water, pressure increases with depth. When you are submerged in a body of water, like the ocean, you experience pressure from the…
  • Bringing Fish Up from the Deep

    Adrienne Calo
    5 Mar 2015 | 1:13 pm
      Article by Lauren Farrar Deep below the ocean’s surface lies a mysterious region known as the “twilight zone.” Located 200 to 500 feet beneath the surface, this region receives scarce amounts of light, mimicking twilight—the time of day just after sunset. Some areas of the twilight zone are vast ocean space, but some are home to incredible coral reefs. Scientists have many unanswered questions about this region, in part because it is so hard to reach. Diving to these depths requires specialized training and gear, and takes hours to safely ascend. Bart Shepherd and Luiz Rocha at…
  • Why Do Scientists and the Public Disagree?

    QUEST Staff
    3 Mar 2015 | 12:03 pm
    Source: DoNow Science Tags: featured, full-image
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    As Many Exceptions As Rules

  • This Nose Knows

    25 Mar 2015 | 5:00 am
    Biology concepts – evolution, asymmetry, bilateral symmetry, phonic lips, whales, echolocation, encephalization quotient, density This picture gives you a good idea of just how big a spermaceti whale is. Captain Ahab wanted to take this guy on mano y mano. He was nuts.Captain Ahab had an obsession for the white whale in Moby Dick. It was a killer, but not a killer whale. It swamped boats, rammed ships, and generally made a nuisance of itself. But it seemed to be intelligent as well, the way it planned attacks and how it looked at him sometimes. Is that weird for a whale? Not for Moby Dick;…
  • The Search For The Unicorn - Slightly Off Center

    18 Mar 2015 | 5:00 am
    Biology concepts – teeth, narwhals, unicorns, bilateral symmetry, evolution, mechanosensing, asymmetry The movie Legend starred Tom Cruise and Mia Sara, as well as a bunch of little people – you know, actors that were small, not small actors. The unicorn pair represented light and goodness, and kept the devil at bay. Until Mia got cocky and touched one. Then Cruise had to save the day.It’s no secret that some pretty odd and awful stories have come out of North Korea in the past few years. Kim Jung Un and his recent ancestors have done some amazing things….. supposedly. Un’s father,…
  • The Eyes Have It

    11 Mar 2015 | 5:00 am
    Biology concepts – asymmetry, lateral polymorphism, flatfish, evolution, copepod, ecology, niche Ray Harryhausen was the most famous of the stop motion artists in the movies. This version of the Cyclops was his creation for the 1958 movie, The 7th Voyage of Sinbad. I can’t see how the Cyclops could catch anything with just the one eye – he had no depth perception.We have been talking about bilateral symmetry in the past few weeks, and this would include having two eyes, one on each half of your face. Two eyes must be a pretty important evolutionary adaptation; can you think of an animal…
  • Looking Sideways In The Mirror

    4 Mar 2015 | 5:00 am
    Biology Concepts – platyhelminthes, asymmetry, bilateral symmetry, evolution, cephalization, natural selection, fish, lepidophagy What is the largest living structure on Earth? No, it’s not the 2200 acre Armillaria ostoyae fungus in Oregon that we talked about previously. That is the largest single organism, but there is something bigger. The Great Barrier Reef houses more species of coral than any other place on earth, more than 600 species call the reef home. You see how many shapes they can take. Does this mean they are asymmetric animals?The Great Barrier Reef off the northeast coast…
  • Mirroring Evolution

    25 Feb 2015 | 5:00 am
    Biology concepts – bilateral symmetry, radial symmetry, planulozoa hypothesis, cephalization, last animal common ancestor, porifera, platyhelminth, cnidarian, echinodermata Halloween was a classic slasher film. Jamie Lee Curtis looks so young, decades before Freaky Friday or yogurt commercials. Michael Myers could cut a man in half with his machete, but could he produce two mirror image halves?Slasher movies have been around for years. The heyday of the knife-wielding madman was in the 1970’s-1980’s with films like Halloween and Texas Chainsaw Massacre. Even today we have examples, like…
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    Laboratory News » News

  • Origin of new lineages of human AIDS discovered

    26 Mar 2015 | 1:00 am
    Two new lineages of the virus which causes AIDS have been found to originate from western lowland gorillas. A research team used viral RNA sequencing techniques and discovered the origins of two lineages of HIV-1 virus after studying simian immunodeficiency virus (SIV) infection in African gorillas. In the study, published in Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, the team screened faecal samples from western lowland gorillas, eastern lowland gorillas and mountain gorillas in West Central Africa for evidence of SIV infection. The HIV-1 virus is split into four lineages – groups M,…
  • Funding for quantum engineer training

    25 Mar 2015 | 8:30 am
    Following the Chancellor’s budget announcement, the government is committing up to £15 million to train the next generation of quantum engineers. The Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council will fund the construction of skills centres for quantum technologies across the UK. These hubs will cooperate with industries in order to develop career programmes for PhD students. Business Secretary Vince Cable said: “From cameras that can see through smoke to cracking down on internet fraud, quantum technologies are taking innovation to a whole new level and offer an unparalleled…
  • Seeing real time bond formation

    25 Mar 2015 | 1:00 am
    Researchers have visualised real time bond formation in an entire chemical reaction. Chemists at the Institute for Basic Science for Nanomaterials and Chemical Reactions in South Korea used X-ray free-electron lasers to observe bond formation of a gold trimer complex in solution on a femtosecond scale (10−15 of a second). “This work demonstrates that it is possible to track in detail and in real time the structural changes that occur during a chemical reaction in solution using X-ray free-electron lasers and advanced analysis of time-resolved solution scattering data,” said the research…
  • New molecule to slow Parkinson’s

    23 Mar 2015 | 1:00 am
    Scientists have designed a peptide that can slow down brain cell damage associated with Parkinson disease. A research team at the University of Bath used a peptide that can bind to the α-synuclein protein – the misshapen form of which is associated with Parkinson’s disease. This peptide can stop the abnormal protein from clumping and killing brain cells. Dr Jody Mason, from Department of Biology and Biochemistry at the University of Bath, said: “If you think of the misshapen α-synuclein proteins as Lego bricks which stack to form a tower; our peptide acts like a smooth brick that…
  • Budget 2015 – what it means for science

    19 Mar 2015 | 10:07 am
    In this year’s budget, Chancellor George Osborne pledged over £240 million of extra money for science and innovation and detailed how previously announced – unallocated – funds will be spent. The science budget is set to increase to almost £3.2 billion by 2020 if the policy is continued by the next government. Naomi Weir, Acting Director of CaSE – a UK-based organisation advocating funding improvement for science and engineering – said: “Major investment in scientific infrastructure is very welcome and necessary, but to be most effective it must go hand-in-hand with funding for…
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    Breaking Science News from SciGuru Science News

  • 'Docking stations' on chromosomes new anti-cancer target

    26 Mar 2015 | 10:40 am
    Vanderbilt University researchers have discovered a cleft in a chromosome-binding protein that may hold the key to stopping most cancers in their tracks. The protein, WDR5, is a “docking station” for a family of transcription factors called MYC that is overexpressed in the majority of malignancies and which contributes to an estimated 100,000 cancer-related deaths each year in the...
  • How the human immune system keeps TB at bay

    26 Mar 2015 | 10:26 am
    A new tissue culture model using human white blood cells shows how people with a latent – or symptom-free – tuberculosis infection are protected from active disease by a critical early step in their immune response, researchers say. The model also shows, however, that some TB bacteria can find a way to get around that protection, which helps explain how latent infections turn into...
  • ‘Good guy’ bacteria protect against ‘bad guy’ meningococcal disease-causing Neisseria meningitides

    26 Mar 2015 | 9:00 am
    Colonisation of the upper airways with a harmless bacteria called Neisseria lactamica reduces both pre-existing and newly acquired infection with meningococcal disease-causing Neisseria meningitides. This is the major finding of a new study on university students, a group at high risk of this often serious illness, published today in the journal Clinical Infectious Diseases. The study comes...
  • Sci-Fly study explores how lifeforms know to be the right size

    26 Mar 2015 | 6:31 am
    Shakespeare said "to be or not to be" is the question, and now scientists are asking how life forms grow to be the correct size with proportional body parts. Probing deeply into genetics and biology at the earliest moments of embryonic development, researchers at Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center report March 26 in Nature Communications they have found new clues to...
  • Snowflakes become square with a little help from graphene

    26 Mar 2015 | 5:28 am
    An atomically thin layer of water freezes at room temperature to form square ice with symmetry completely alien to water molecules, University of Manchester researchers have found. The breakthrough findings, reported in the journal Nature, allow better understanding of the counterintuitive behaviour of water at the molecular scale and are important for development of more efficient...
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    Citizen Science Center

  • Hunt For Asteroids… At Your Desk

    Chandra Clarke
    19 Mar 2015 | 4:05 pm
    Asteroids, we have a few. (Image credit: NASA) Project: Asteroid Data Hunter App A citizen science challenge has spawned a citizen science app. In 2014, NASA announced an Asteroid Grand Challenge. In a series of contests, participants were asked to develop improved algorithms to find asteroids in telescope images. The challenge offered more than $50,000 in prizes, and concluded in December. The winning solutions from each contest have now been combined to produce a desktop application to hunt asteroids. The app is available for Windows (7.1+) and Mac (10.2.X+) users, with a Linux Ubuntu…
  • Featured TED: How cognitive surplus will change the world

    Chandra Clarke
    3 Mar 2015 | 5:36 pm
    I mentioned Clay Shirky’s concept of “cognitive surplus” in my own TEDx here. If you’re not familiar with the concept and what it will mean for the future, check out this video.   The post Featured TED: How cognitive surplus will change the world appeared first on Citizen Science Center.
  • Bring out your inner iNaturalist

    Chandra Clarke
    17 Feb 2015 | 7:47 am
    What will you discover? (Photo Credit: Courtesy of Grand Teton National Park Service, via Wikimedia Commons) Project: When we were children, we naturally spent a great deal of time exploring the world around us. Everything was a delight. The robins in our backyard were new to us; the spiders in the houseplants were fascinating; the squirrels at the park were endlessly entertaining. Over time, of course, we became accustomed to such sights, and other things distracted us. Luckily, there is now a way to recapture the wonder of our youth and contribute to the scientific…
  • Build Your Own Robot Submarine

    Chandra Clarke
    3 Feb 2015 | 7:42 am
    What will you discover underwater? (Photo Credit: Gunter Küchler, via Wikimedia Commons) Project: OpenROV It’s a project that would make MacGyver proud: a do-it-yourself underwater exploration vehicle. OpenROV stands for Open Remotely Operated Vehicle, and it is an open-source, underwater robot. Founded by Eric Stackpole, David Lang, and Matteo Borri, OpenROV was originally designed to explore an underwater cave. Following a very successful Kickstarter campaign, the project is now a large community of exploration enthusiasts, makers, DIY experts, and tinkerers who are using the bitty…
  • Is there a doctor in the house?

    Chandra Clarke
    19 Jan 2015 | 6:28 am
    Photo Credit: Opensource Handbook of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology Project: NanoDoc Some video games want you to kill invaders from space. Others want you to blow up gems or fruit. NanoDoc wants you to help kill tumors. As the name implies, NanoDoc is a game designed to have members of the public help design new “nanoparticle” strategies to treat cancer. A nanoparticle is a teeny-tiny particle, anywhere from 1 to 100 nanometers in size, and a nanometer is one-billionth of a meter. Nanomedicine is a newer branch of medicine that focuses on using nanotechnology to deliver drugs in a…
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    Breaking Science News |

  • Astronomers Discover Two Extremely Old Stars in Sculptor Dwarf Galaxy
    25 Mar 2015 | 12:31 am
    A group of astronomers led by Dr Joshua Simon from the Observatories of the Carnegie Institution of Washington has discovered two stars in the Sculptor dwarf galaxy that were born shortly after the galaxy formed, approximately 13 billion years ago. According to the astronomers, the unusual chemical content of the stars may have originated in [...]
  • Stars May Generate Sound, Physicists Say
    24 Mar 2015 | 1:10 pm
    An international team of scientists headed by Dr G. Ravindra Kumar of the Tata Institute of Fundamental Research in Mumbai, India, has provided experimental evidence that stars may produce sound. When examining the interaction of an ultra-intense laser with a plasma target, Dr Kumar and his colleagues from the Rutherford Appleton Laboratory and the University [...]
  • Pristimantis mutabilis: Scientists Discover Shape-Shifting Frog in Ecuador
    24 Mar 2015 | 10:24 am
    Case Western Reserve University PhD student Katherine Krynak, naturalist Tim Krynak of Cleveland Metroparks’ Natural Resources Division, and their colleagues from the Universidad Indoamerica, the University of Kansas, and organization Tropical Herping, have described a unique species of frog from Reserva Las Gralarias, Pichincha, north-central Ecuador. According to the team, the new species – named [...]
  • Metoposaurus algarvensis: Fossils of Giant Salamander-Like Amphibian Found in Portugal
    24 Mar 2015 | 7:33 am
    A team of scientists led by Dr Steve Brusatte of the University of Edinburgh, UK, has discovered a new species of metoposaurus that lived in lakes and rivers of what is now Portugal during the Late Triassic period, between 200 and 230 million years ago. The newly-discovered species, named Metoposaurus algarvensis, belongs to an extinct [...]
  • Geologists Discover New Layer in Earth’s Mantle
    24 Mar 2015 | 6:09 am
    New research led by Dr Hauke Marquardt of the University of Bayreuth, Germany, suggests the existence of a previously unknown superviscous layer inside our planet: part of the lower mantle where the rock gets 3 times stiffer. Such a layer may explain why tectonic plate slabs seem to pool at 930 miles (1,500 km) under [...]
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    Just Science

  • “OctoPlus” Fun and Educational App for Your Child ( Special Needs Compatible)

    25 Mar 2015 | 9:47 am
    Description Introducing OctoPlus, a gaming app that makes math addition fun and engaging for kids. OctoPlus places your child in an underwater water world where you have to battle turtles to score points. OctoPlus reinforces key math skills within an… The post “OctoPlus” Fun and Educational App for Your Child ( Special Needs Compatible) appeared first on Just Science.
  • The War on Biofilm in Your Home!

    9 Mar 2015 | 8:54 am
    Biofilm. Even sounds nasty. By definition, biofilms are a gaggle of microorganisms during which cells stick to one another on a floor. They are sticky cells that are regularly embedded inside a self-produced matrix of EPS’s or extracellular polymeric… The post The War on Biofilm in Your Home! appeared first on Just Science.
  • How To Enjoy the Writing and Content Creation Process

    9 Mar 2015 | 8:54 am
    If there’s one factor that used to intimidate me greater than something, it was the considered making an attempt to determine the best way to write plenty of articles with out being bored to tears. There is greater than sufficient info on-line about… The post How To Enjoy the Writing and Content Creation Process appeared first on Just Science.
  • Can Olive Oil Help Your Dogs Dry Skin?

    9 Mar 2015 | 8:50 am
    A few years back my boyfriend made a remark about Laika’s skin and how shiny and smooth it was. He said “she doesn’t have dry, flaky skin like a lot of other dogs.” It’s true, she didn’t. For the first few years she had the shiniest, healthiest coat… The post Can Olive Oil Help Your Dogs Dry Skin? appeared first on Just Science.
  • Successful Studying

    23 Feb 2015 | 12:17 pm
    Many of our students ask what the secrets are to successful studying and memorizing the immense amount of information we take in on a constant daily and weekly basis. The trick is to know yourself and experimenting with what works best for you as an… The post Successful Studying appeared first on Just Science.
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  • 400 – Anatomy of a Solar Eclipse

    24 Mar 2015 | 2:07 pm
    Orbiting Spheres Right on cue, day turned into a sudden eerie twilight as a great swathe of the Earth's surface quickly plunged into transient darkness.  The magic number is 400.  For many observers, weather conditions were far from ideal.  Clouds obscured the much awaited spectacle of the 2015 eclipse.  Thankfully, alternatives were available to astronomers keen not to miss the big event...  Weather conditions did not play nice in Central Scotland... The Sun finally emerges from the clouds and rain at the end of the eclipse. On the day of the…
  • Celestial Rendez-Vous – An Equinoctial Total Eclipse of the Sun

    18 Mar 2015 | 5:36 pm
    Polar Equinoctial Eclipse 2015 On 20th March 2015, the Moon will pass in front of the Sun and exactly block out most of its light.  It will be the first total solar eclipse of the 21st century that is visible from the northernmost regions of Europe... Full solar eclipses are comparatively infrequent astronomical events because the Moon's orbit is tilted and not quite in the same plane relative to the Earth's orbit, making it even rarer when the Sun, the Moon and the Earth align.  That this can happen at all is due to a remarkable coincidence. Although the Sun is much bigger than the…
  • Changing States – Fundamental Phases of Matter

    15 Mar 2015 | 7:21 am
    Everyday Matter Four states of matter can be seen in everyday life: solid, liquid, gas, and - somewhat more exotically - plasma.  As a tightly bound combination of oxygen and hydrogen atoms, a water molecule is nothing out of the ordinary.  Liquid water, steam or ice are still just water.  Yet, it is intriguing to see how the very same building blocks of matter are capable of producing such broadly distinct states. As far as water is concerned, one phase can change into another really quite abruptly.  At 99 °C, liquid water can subsist, whereas at 101 °C, water is in its…
  • Ode to the Numpty or Why Incompetence is a Double-Edged Sword

    9 Mar 2015 | 6:23 pm
    Disclaimer... You.  Yes, YOU!  You're pretty smart, right?  Clever and witty too, I bet.  Of course you are.  You're just like me.  But wouldn't it just be terrible if we were all thoroughly mistaken.  Psychologists have now shown that we are more likely to be blind to our own failings than perhaps we do realise.  This might explain why some incompetent people are SO annoying... and also inject a healthy dose of humility into our own sense of self-regard... Let's be honest.  We've all met them in a variety of environments.  The…
  • Stanford’s Linac X-Rays capture Molecular Matter in Motion

    4 Mar 2015 | 4:16 am
    Super Fast, Super Bright... Take one second and divide it a million times.  Then, take one millionth of that second and divide it again... by a billion!  All you're left with is a femtosecond.  That's how fast the Linac laser at Palo Alto can deliver burst of X-rays and track chemical reactions in living systems... as they happen. For nearly 50 years, SLAC - Stanford Linear Accelerator Center - National Accelerator Laboratory's Linac has produced high-energy electrons for cutting-edge physics experiments.  Now, scientists…
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    Green Planet

  • Ocean Energy

    Prasun Barua
    24 Mar 2015 | 12:32 pm
    What is Ocean Energy?All type of renewable energy which is acquired from the sea is called Ocean Energy. Constant flow of ocean currents contains huge amount of water across the earth's ocean.Technological development contributes to extract energy from ocean currents and convert it into usable power.Constantly moving ocean waters are affected by water salinity, wind, rotation of the earth, temperature and topography of the ocean floor. Wind and solar heating of surface water near the equator contribute to drive most ocean currents. Meanwhile, salinity and density variations of water…
  • Green Economy

    Prasun Barua
    16 Nov 2014 | 9:23 am
    What is Green Economy?Green Economy is the economy wherein sustainable society exists with zero carbon emissions and a one-planet footprint. Here, naturally restored renewable resources are utilized to acquire energy. A green economy is applicable to people, planet and profits at the micro and macro-economic level of all organizations. Meanwhile, the foundation of “Black” energy economy exists with carbon-intensive fossil fuels such as petroleum and coal. On the other hand, a low-carbon economy is different from a green economy as carbon emissions are still created by…
  • Green Business

    Prasun Barua
    9 Aug 2014 | 6:42 am
    What is Green Business?A green business is a business which consists minimal negative impact on environment, community, society and economy. It develops business policies and demonstrates commitment to a healthy and sustainable future. A green business should contribute to enhance the quality of life for its employees and customers. Now a days, certification systems have been introduced which strive to standardize these policies.Green Business should meet following requirements:Business decisions and policies should be implemented following all the principles of sustainability.The business…
  • Green City

    Prasun Barua
    21 Jul 2014 | 11:16 pm
    Green City is the system of creating a green and sustainable city by utilizing and implementing green technologies and policies. It includes renewable energy generation, environmental impact per person, environmentally friendly green transport used by people, recycling programs, constructing green building and reserve green spaces.Following implementations are necessary in order to create a Green City:Appropriate urban planning should be made comprehensively.Location with green natural beauty makes people feeling a connection to their surroundings.Going green not only save the planet but also…
  • Bio electricity

    Prasun Barua
    21 May 2014 | 2:38 am
    Bio electricity is the process of producing electromagnetic energy by living organisms. The bio electric activity which happens throughout the human body is very necessary to life. Living cells can produce electric, magnetic and electromagnetic fields which enable the action of muscles and the transmission of information in the nerves. This is the concept of quick signaling in nerves. It produces physical processes in muscles or glands. There is some similarity among the muscles, nerves and glands of all organisms. The early development of fairly efficient electrochemical systems is the…
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  • No More Deadly Tornado’s in the USA

    Ellie Pownall
    23 Mar 2015 | 10:53 am
    Much of the southeastern United States faces a lower risk of tornadoes during El Niño years. The effects are strongest in Oklahoma, Arkansas and northern Texas. Damaging hail is also less likely during a strong El Niño, researchers report on the 16th of March in the journal Nature Geoscience. In America, there are frequently more tornados than the rest of the world, with 3 in every 4 taking place in the USA. The El Nino season, is an irregularly occurring and complex series of climatic changes affecting the equatorial Pacific region and beyond every few years, characterized by the…
  • Free E-Book for astronomy beginners: master the basics

    Mado Martinez
    3 Mar 2015 | 9:16 am
    Telescope 101: An introduction to the world of telescopes: This is the title of a free e-book written by Marcus Schenk for helping another amateur astronomers to master the basics. That is how I consider myself, an amateur, so I went into the reading of the book, and I have to say that I found it quite helpful. In 11 chapters and only 67 pages Schenk shows us the advantages and disadvantages of different telescope designs, in order to help you choose before buying your first telescopes. “Many beginners have not yet dealt so intensively with telescopes. They are overwhelmed by the huge range…

    John Sims
    20 Feb 2015 | 1:00 pm
    Sir George Hubert Wilkins (1931) Firstly, the term ‘telepathy’ is not new. It was first used in 1882 by Frederic W.H. Myers, a founder of the Society for Psychical Research. So it’s been around a while. I’m not including ‘mediums’ in this article. I think that’s a slightly different field and should be dealt with in an article of its own. For the record though, I think it’s all bunkum until I find evidence to the contrary. I have to confess that I used to be sceptical about telepathy until I looked into it and it seems that there’s more to it than I thought. I was expecting…
  • Fecal Prints- An unexpected Solution?

    Ellie Pownall
    21 Jan 2015 | 12:06 pm
    Photo credit:Marcelo Terraza Microbes have dominated earth’s ecology for at least the past 3.5 billion years. They play a vital role in the planet’s carbon cycle by digesting organic matter. Fecal prints of microbes have the potential to carry vital information such as the planets temperature, greenhouse gas composition and how oxygen levels have changed through time. The fecal thatch[1] of other animals such as Beetle Larva (Hemisphaerota cyanea) helps to show scientists the steps of evolution throughout hundreds of year, Thomas and Maria Eisner found that “The Hemisphaerotalarva is…
  • The Hot Mountain

    Alakananda Mookerjee
    15 Jan 2015 | 9:21 am
    Back in the mid-1980s, I and my family had lived in Uganda for a while, in the very year president Milton Obote was overthrown by a military regime. Caught in the intermittent crossfire between the militia and government forces, we could easily have been hit by whizzing bullets. We were lucky. We were able to make it out of Kampala, the capital, safely, before it fell to the rebels. We’d escaped trouble by a whisker. But after having read Richard Preston’s “The Hot Zone, I began to wonder that dangerous as the coup d’état had been, it was a pathogen that could have proved far…
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    Draw Science


    Viputheshwar Sitaraman
    23 Mar 2015 | 7:06 am
    Viputheshwar SitaramanFounder, BloggerDraw Science.Article:W. Howard Levie, & Richard Lentz (1982). Effects of text illustrations: A review of research Educational Technology Research & Development, 30 (4), 195-232 : 10.1007/BF02765184SPONSOR THE JOURNAL

    Viputheshwar Sitaraman
    10 Mar 2015 | 12:00 am
    Viputheshwar SitaramanFounder, BloggerDraw Science. Science communication is broken. Let's fix it.I've already ranted about the problems with science communication. Even when a layperson gets access to a paper despite all the pay-per-view journals, the use of esoteric jargon makes it practically impossible for the public to read fresh-from-the-lab-bench science. For the last few months, I've been working on a solution through Draw Science. Now it's time to take off the band-aid and treat the wound.I want to make an open access infographic journal.We're talking the whole sha-bang: trademarks,…

    Viputheshwar Sitaraman
    3 Feb 2015 | 10:54 am
    Viputheshwar SitaramanFounder, BloggerDraw Science.Article: Yuan, T., Ormonde, C., Kudlacek, S., Kunche, S., Smith, J., Brown, W., Pugliese, K., Olsen, T., Iftikhar, M., Raston, C., & Weiss, G. (2015). Shear-Stress-Mediated Refolding of Proteins from Aggregates and Inclusion Bodies ChemBioChem DOI: 10.1002/cbic.201402427

    Viputheshwar Sitaraman
    25 Jan 2015 | 2:36 pm
    Thomas CrouzierFounderConnected ResearchersViputheshwar SitaramanFounder, BloggerDraw Science.FigShare: Crouzier, Thomas; co, Julia (2014): Mucus, it's snot what you think. figshare.

    Viputheshwar Sitaraman
    21 Jan 2015 | 6:24 am
    Viputheshwar SitaramanFounder, BloggerDraw Science.Article: Genta, G. (2014). Private space exploration: A new way for starting a spacefaring society? Acta Astronautica, 104 (2), 480-486 DOI: 10.1016/j.actaastro.2014.04.008
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    AweSci - Science Everyday

  • The Whitest Whites

    Anupum Pant
    24 Mar 2015 | 10:35 am
    By Anupum Pant Florescence is a physical phenomena in which light (electromagnetic radiation) is absorbed by a substance with certain properties and is instantly emitted back in a different wavelength. Most times the absorbed light of a certain wavelength is emitted back by the substance with a greater wavelength. This leads to one interesting phenomenon in which the smaller wavelength UV radiation (which is invisible to the human eye) gets converted to a visible light by the substance. Applications of this particular phenomenon are numerous, in the modern world. The white fluorescent lamps…
  • Rice Grain sized Creature Destroying Whole Forests

    Anupum Pant
    23 Mar 2015 | 10:34 am
    By Anupum Pant If you take a helicopter ride over a pine forest in a region spanning the Rocky Mountains toward Canada’s Boreal Forest, you’d probably see thousands of fallen trees and several other trees turning brown. There’s an epidemic that has been the woe of these forests. A tiny creature, that’s destroying millions of acres of pine forests and is disrupting the carbon balance of massive regions. The mountain pine beetle is the tiny creature I’m talking about. A mountain pine beetle is a tiny dark insect sporting a hard exoskeleton and is the size of a rice…
  • Hardwired Roosters

    Anupum Pant
    22 Mar 2015 | 10:35 am
    By Anupum Pant Cock-a-doodle-do is what has been a symbol for the break of dawn since a long long time now. If you live in the countryside, that’s what you’d hear in the morning, a rooster crying out loud. Been there long enough and yet we hadn’t known for long if roosters do it when the see the sunlight or if they are hard-wired in their genes to crow like that. Takashi Yoshimura of Nagoya University and his team decided to conduct a study on this, to uncover how a rooster really works. Because it has been noted that even a bright light from a car could trigger a…
  • $761 Jar of Peanut Butter

    Anupum Pant
    21 Mar 2015 | 10:35 am
    If you have been active on the internet, there’s a great chance that you noticed this image of a peanut butter jar which had its price labelled as $761. That’s too expensive for a jar of peanut butter. Especially for a jar of it which has no added precious metal powder, or diamonds or anything else either. It is a standard ordinary form of the most popular american spread – the peanut butter. If you are interested, you can buy it here on the National Institute of Standards and Technology’s website, as a standard material of reference. It’s up to you to decide…
  • Giant Worms Use Jet Streams to Navigate

    Anupum Pant
    19 Mar 2015 | 11:20 pm
    By Anupum Pant Pyrosomes are very interesting creatures, or better, a collection of thousands of these tiny creatures. These are worm like creatures found in the shallow depths of oceans, shaped like cylinders or butterfly nets. What appears like a huge worm, which can range from a few centimetres to the size of a sperm whale, are in reality a massive colony of tiny little creatures called zooids. All of them tied together in kind of a tunic. These zooids have openings on both side of the cylinder, outside and inside. This acts like a huge filtration system, which takes in water from the…
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    OMNI Reboot

  • Sci-Fi Artists: David A. Hardy

    Edward Simmons
    25 Mar 2015 | 10:00 pm
    David A. Hardy's art ignites a passion for exploring the stars. Written By EDWARD SIMMONS Having worked for several exhibitions merging the universes of science and art, Simmons is no stranger to the beauty of nature. Simmons now works for OMNI Reboot as a freelance curator, allowing him to pursue his passion for natural photography. David A. Hardy's painting's imagine worlds and science fiction universes with striking detail. A career that spans six decades has placed Hardy's art on the covers of books by Carl Sagan and Arthur C. Clarke to Werner Von Braun and Isaac Asimov. SF magazines,…
  • Watch Sci-Fi Artists: Bob McCall Painted The Stars

    Adam Wells
    25 Mar 2015 | 9:42 am
    Artist Bob McCall painted his inspiring vision of the stars for NASA and the Air and Space Museum. If there was ever an artist who deserved a seat aboard a space shuttle, it would have been Robert T. McCall. The heroic mural McCall designed for the National Air and Space Museum, in Washington D.C., has been seen by 40 million visitors. Two other large murals were completed by the artist at NASA centers in California and Texas. McCall helped interpret the beginnings of the Space Age for Life magazine by rendering dozens of on-the-spot paintings from his vantage point at Cape Canaveral,…
  • Fiction: The Five Holy Wounds Of A Second Coming

    Joseph Somers
    25 Mar 2015 | 6:00 am
    In The Five Holy Wounds of a Second Coming the apocalypse doesn't dissuade people from their rituals. 9:00 am - Thursday, April 14th 2033 There wasn't any room for the light. It could echo and bounce with no destination beyond entropic, move along little light. Presenter understood this, he felt most at home in the shadows, and their molesting reach dimming the flesh, dimming the speckled reminders. Pushing his sweat damaged linens off his gaunt frame, Presenter’s now upright body took aim at its beckoning stage. Joints cracked, or were they bones? Doesn't matter. He moved onwards, rising…
  • Fiction: Campfire Story

    Jean-Pierre Fenyo
    24 Mar 2015 | 12:00 pm
    The Campfire Story: Correlative Cognition and The Evolution of The Notion of G8D I am going to tell you a story. Come sit down here by my side, and enjoy the warmth of an Imaginary Campfire. The flames light up the darkness around us. The warmth of the crackling embers of burning wood keep us cozy. It is a controlled fire, and one that we started. Unlike the fires that come from above! Let us go way back in time, long before the Age of Planes, Trains and Automobiles, long before the Ancient Egyptians of the Pyramids and the Greeks with their naval fleets used parabolic mirrors to concentrate…
  • OMNI Science Update: Boeing’s Force Fields

    Josh Epstein
    24 Mar 2015 | 9:00 am
    OMNI SCIENCE UPDATE, 03/03 - 03/02: From Boeing patenting force fields to Costa Rica's renewable energy revolution. Written By JOSH EPSTEIN Josh Epstein studied at the Benjamin N. Cardozo School of Law. His parents forced him to go to law school though he always fashioned himself a sci-fi writer. He accepted a position at a prestigious law firm. While almost every working hour is spent drafting documents and making reports, Josh spends his nights dreaming of a galaxy far, far away. This week in science The Boeing Company filed patents for Star Trek-esque force fields that will protect…
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    Top stories

  • Ancient Martian lake system records two water-related events

    26 Mar 2015 | 9:53 am
    Researchers from Brown Univ. have completed a new analysis of an ancient Martian lake system in Jezero Crater, near the planet’s equator. The study finds that the onslaught of water that filled the crater was one of at least two separate periods of water activity in the region surrounding Jezero. Subject:  Astronomy/Cosmology
  • Testing of software adds to urgency in race for driverless cars

    26 Mar 2015 | 9:46 am
    In the race to build a self-driving car, German automakers are hitting a road block in their efforts to test vehicles so complex they need more than 10 times the amount of software found in a fighter jet. German laws currently place limits on testing on public roads. Automakers fear this is allowing U.S. competitor Google to pull ahead in developing software, specifically programs that will give cars the correct reflexes in real-life traffic situations. Subject:  Artificial Intelligence
  • Intelligent robots must uphold human rights

    26 Mar 2015 | 8:19 am
    The common fear is that intelligent machines will turn against humans. But who will save the robots from each other, and from us, asks Hutan Ashrafian. There is a strong possibility that in the not-too-distant future, artificial intelligences (AIs), perhaps in the form of robots, will become capable of sentient thought. Whatever form it takes, this dawning of machine consciousness is likely to have a substantial impact on human society. Subject:  Artificial Intelligence
  • How lifeforms know to be the right size

    26 Mar 2015 | 8:11 am
    Shakespeare said "to be or not to be" is the question, and now scientists are asking how life forms grow to be the correct size with proportional body parts. Subject:  Biology & Aging
  • Ebola vaccine announced

    26 Mar 2015 | 8:06 am
    A cytomegalovirus (CMV)-based vaccine provides long-lasting protective immunity against Ebola virus, and has potential for development as a disseminating vaccine strategy to prevent ebolavirus infection of wild African ape populations. A new study shows the durability of a novel 'disseminating' cytomegalovirus (CMV)-based Ebola virus (Zaire ebolavirus; EBOV) vaccine strategy that may eventually have the potential to reduce ebolavirus infection in wild African ape species. Subject:  Health & Medicine
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    The Vision Times » Science

  • Boeing Has a Patent on Force Fields

    Troy Oakes
    26 Mar 2015 | 5:00 am
    Will this be the year of the force field? Boeing filed a patent for a “method and system for shockwave attenuation via electromagnetic arc” in 2012. It may have been easier to call it a deflector shield. The patent describes it as a system that detects shockwaves from nearby explosions and generates an area of ionized air—creating a plasma field between the blast and the vehicle. Boeing’s plasma field. (Image: Boeing’s Patent and Trademark Office file) The method works, says the patent, “by heating a selected region of the first fluid medium rapidly to create a…
  • How Did Half of the World’s Wildlife Vanish in 40 Years?

    Ben Maloney
    26 Mar 2015 | 4:30 am
    The Earth has lost half the population of all its wildlife since 1970. What has caused the decline, and what can we do to address the consequences? The animal population on the globe has more than halved in the past 40 years, according to a new report by the World Wildlife Fund (WWF). Their Living Planet Index, which tracks population trends among species, has revealed that humans have been putting an unsustainable demand on the planet. Apparently, humans will need one-and-a-half Earths to keep up with current demands.   The decline of 52% of the world’s wildlife in the past 40…
  • How Deadly Is China’s Pollution Really? Hint: Very

    Ben Maloney
    25 Mar 2015 | 2:30 pm
    Did you know that China’s pollution problem is so bad that you couldn’t even go outside for 175 days of the year last year? Not to mention the fact that the cost of living in Beijing is ridiculously high. I guess paying to live in pollution is a thing these days. How bad is the pollution really? Watch this video to find out. I highlighted some startling facts for you to think about below. China’s pollution problem is so bad that: China’s former top Health Minister Chen Zhu said pollution kills up to 500,000 residents a year Less than 1 percent of China’s…
  • Unexpected Phenomena Discovered in the Atmosphere of Mars

    Troy Oakes
    24 Mar 2015 | 3:00 pm
    We are now finding out just how little we knew about Mars. NASA’s Mars Atmosphere and Volatile Evolution (MAVEN) spacecraft arrived in Mars orbit in September, and is studying the upper atmosphere of the planet. There have been two unexpected phenomena discovered in the atmosphere of Mars. High altitude dust cloud There was a presence of a high altitude dust cloud. This presence of dust orbiting at high altitudes—about 93 miles, or 150 kilometers, to 190 miles, or 300 kilometers above the surface—was not predicted. “If the dust originates from the atmosphere, this suggests we…
  • The Largest Meteor Impact on Earth Has Just Been Found in Australia

    Troy Oakes
    24 Mar 2015 | 11:30 am
    A very long time ago, a massive meteor, while entering Earth’s atmosphere, broke into two huge pieces. They were at least 6 miles (10 km) across. The impacts on the Australian countryside were violent and spanned nearly 250 miles (400 km). Warburton Basin, Australia, where the world’s largest meteor crater exists. (Screenshot/YouTube) So what’s the difference between an asteroid, a meteor, and a meteorite? These words are mistakenly used interchangeably. A simple explanation is that an asteroid is a rock that is out in space, a meteor is an asteroid that enters the…
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    Evolution Talk

  • An Interview With Charles Darwin

    Rick Coste
    23 Mar 2015 | 2:48 am
    Evolution Talk Evolution Talk - The Oldest Story Ever Told To mark the occasion of Evolution Talk's 30th episode, Rick Coste steps into the past to interview Charles Darwin. The post An Interview With Charles Darwin appeared first on Evolution Talk.
  • Mistakes Were Made

    Rick Coste
    16 Mar 2015 | 2:58 am
    Evolution Talk Evolution Talk - The Oldest Story Ever Told In the X-Men movies the X-Men are mutants. Mistakes were made during DNA replications that brought out features and abilities which were not present in the population prior to their births. Defects which enhanced their chances of survival. The post Mistakes Were Made appeared first on Evolution Talk.
  • Is Everything Related?

    Rick Coste
    9 Mar 2015 | 2:53 am
    Evolution Talk Evolution Talk - The Oldest Story Ever Told The Human genome project took 13 years to complete. Hundreds of scientists from all over the world were involved. What’s just as amazing as the completion of the project is the story that it tells when you begin to compare it with other chapters in the book of life. The post Is Everything Related? appeared first on Evolution Talk.
  • Fossil Dating

    Rick Coste
    2 Mar 2015 | 2:05 am
    Evolution Talk Evolution Talk - The Oldest Story Ever Told How do we date fossils? There are a few ways and in this episode we will look at a couple. The post Fossil Dating appeared first on Evolution Talk.
  • Robert Chambers

    Rick Coste
    23 Feb 2015 | 2:14 am
    Evolution Talk Evolution Talk - The Oldest Story Ever Told Robert Chambers' masterpiece was titled 'Vestiges of the Natural History of Creation'. In it he explained how everything evolved. Everything from simple, less complex forms, to more complex forms over time. The post Robert Chambers appeared first on Evolution Talk.
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    Arivu Dose - அறிவு டோஸ்

  • ஆமைகள் டைனோசருக்கு முன்பே வாழ்ந்தனவா?

    Niroshan Thillainathan
    22 Mar 2015 | 8:00 pm
    ஆமைகள் அதிக காலம் வாழும் என்பது எல்லோருக்குமே தெரிந்த விஷயம் ஆகும். ஆனால் அவை டைனோசர் வாழ்ந்த காலத்தில் கூட இருந்திருக்கக்கூடுமா? ஆம், நிச்சயமாக! ஆமைகள் டைனோசர் வாழ்ந்த காலகட்டங்களிலும் வாழ்ந்துள்ளன. இன்றைய அறிவு டோஸில்…
  • பறவையினை பாய்ந்து பிடிக்கும் புலிமீன்

    Niroshan Thillainathan
    18 Mar 2015 | 8:00 pm
    பார்த்தவுடனே பயத்தினை ஏற்படுத்தும் விலங்கு புலி. அதன் உருவம், சத்தம் மற்றும் பற்கள் போன்றவற்றை பார்க்கும்போதே நமக்குக் கண்டிப்பாகப் பயத்தினை ஏற்படுத்தும். நிலத்தில் புலி இருப்பது போன்று கடலிலும் ஒரு மீன் வகை உள்ளது.
  • பூமியிலுள்ள தண்ணீரின் வயது சூரியனை விட அதிகம்

    Niroshan Thillainathan
    14 Mar 2015 | 8:00 pm
    இந்த உலகத்தில் நாம் வாழ்வதற்கு முக்கியத் தேவைகளுள் ஒன்று தண்ணீர். தண்ணீரினை அடிப்படையாகக் கொண்டுதான் நம் உலகில் எப்படி உயிரினங்கள் தோன்றியிருக்கும் என யூகித்து வைத்துள்ளோம். தற்போதைய கண்டுபிடிப்பு ஒன்று, நமது பூமி…
  • இதுவரை எத்தனை மக்கள் வாழ்ந்திருப்பார்கள்

    Niroshan Thillainathan
    6 Mar 2015 | 7:00 pm
    எனது அறிவு டோஸ்களை விரும்புவோருக்கு நன்றாகவே தெரியும், நான் எப்பொழுதும் ஏதும் வித்தியாசமான கேள்விகளுக்குப் பதில்களை தேடுபவன் என்று. அது போன்று தான் இந்தக் கேள்வியும் கூட. உங்களில் யாராவது இன்று வரை நமது உலகில் […] The post…
  • விமான விபத்தும், செல்போன் பேச்சும்

    Niroshan Thillainathan
    2 Mar 2015 | 7:00 pm
    விமானத்தில் செல்லும் போது செல்போனில் பேசக்கூடாது என்பார்கள். இதற்கு என்ன காரணமாக இருக்கும் என்பது உங்களுக்குத் தெரியுமா, நண்பர்களே? இல்லை என்றால் கண்டிப்பாக இந்த அறிவு டோஸைத் தொடர்ந்து படியுங்கள்! விமானத்தில் செல்லும்…
  • add this feed to my.Alltop » Science

  • How Activated Carbon Can Clean Up the Environment

    Sanjay Kumar Negi
    1 Mar 2015 | 2:39 am
    Also known as activated charcoal, activated carbon has been used as a purification material since at least 1500 BC. In modern times, it was heavily used in the European sugar refining industry beginning in the early 1800s, and was used to clear noxious tastes from drinking water soon after. Today, activated carbon has many applications, […] The post How Activated Carbon Can Clean Up the Environment appeared first on
  • What’s Next After the First Successful Indian Mission Mangalyaan

    Sanjay Kumar Negi
    24 Sep 2014 | 2:53 am
    India finally made a history by inserting the Indian Space Research Organisation’s Mars Orbiter, Mangalyaan in the Mars orbit which is famously known as Red planet. The spotlight eventually shifted towards the same after Nasa’s safe insertion of the Maven spacecraft to the Mars orbit. It is India’s first interplanetary mission which was due to […] The post What’s Next After the First Successful Indian Mission Mangalyaan appeared first on
  • Advantages and Disadvantages of Solar Energy

    Sanjay Kumar Negi
    25 Jun 2014 | 9:03 am
    The need of energy is undoubtedly is the biggest topic of discussion in today’s world. All the nations are looking for development and for that they sure need the energy, but the limited sources of power are hurting their process. To counter such conditions, countries are looking for alternatives and the solar energy is the […] The post Advantages and Disadvantages of Solar Energy appeared first on
  • India and the Weapons of the Mass Destruction – Is the World Safe?

    Prashant Talreja
    4 May 2014 | 8:06 am
    The world today has grown both ways, that is, good and bad with the help of technology. The good part has got us many gifts like, internet, smartphones, better health, transport and others. While the worst part has made sure that weapons developed over the time for the so called self defense have the ability […] The post India and the Weapons of the Mass Destruction – Is the World Safe? appeared first on
  • Top Indian Scientists and Their Achievements

    Prashant Talreja
    20 Apr 2014 | 7:47 am
    Indians are known as the best minds on the earth. For the last century or so the Indians have earned the respect of the world in every department of the world, be it science or sports, technology or innovation. India has also produced some the best scientists in the world who have done a great […] The post Top Indian Scientists and Their Achievements appeared first on
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  • R.2395, a Paleontology Profile

    Brian Switek
    23 Mar 2015 | 5:40 pm
    Pterosaur R.2395, as restored by Mark Witton. Name: R.2395 Meaning: This pterosaur does not have a formal scientific name yet, so palaeontologists refer to it by its specimen number. Age: Between 72 and 66 million years old Where in the world?: Romania’s Haţeg Basin What sort of critter?: Not a dinosaur, but a pterosaur belonging to a large-bodied subgroup called azhdarchids. Size: Unknown, but R.2395 is estimated to have had a wingspan of about 10 feet. How much of the creature’s body is known?: A single neck vertebra. Claim to fame: Describing a new animal on the basis of a single…
  • Constantine, Shagosaurus, and Other Fossil Nicknames

    Brian Switek
    19 Mar 2015 | 11:10 am
    Fossils eventually get scientific names, but did you know that many fossils also have nicknames? Researchers who discovered the horned dinosaur Coronosaurus informally called it “Broccoliceratops” for the clumps of little horns on its frill. The adolescent Tyrannosaurus “Jane“, on the other claw, was named after a donor to the Burpee Museum of Natural History, and researchers at the Natural History Museum of Los Angeles are calling their as-yet-undescribed Jurassic sauropod “Gnatalie” after the hordes of bloodsucking insects that plagued the researchers…
  • Ichthyosaurus anningae, a Paleotology Profile

    Brian Switek
    13 Mar 2015 | 6:59 pm
    A restoration of Ichthyosaurus anningae by James McKay. Name: Ichthyosaurus anningae Meaning: Ichthyosaurus means “fish lizard” and is a classic genus of marine reptile, while anningae honours the pioneering palaeontologist Mary Anning, who was among the first to excavate and examine these creatures. Age: Between 189 and 183 million years old. Where in the world?: The Charmouth Mudstone Formation of England. What sort of critter?: Not a dinosaur, but a member of a fish-like group of marine reptiles called ichthyosaurs. Size: Over five feet long. How much of the creature’s body…
  • Walking With Connecticut’s Dinosaurs

    Brian Switek
    10 Mar 2015 | 8:55 pm
    It’s difficult for me to resist roadside dinosaurs. I probably should invest in an “I brake for dinosaurs” bumper sticker at this point. So when I realized that I’d be passing close to Connecticut’s Dinosaur State Park, my plans were set. I hopped in the car and sped up the highway to the Jurassic. I used to see glimpses of the park in Connecticut tourism commercials when I was a kid living in New Jersey. They featured a fleeting glimpse of a big, snaggle-toothed Dilophosaurus – a double-crested carnivore that was still relatively new to science at the…
  • How Much Did Sophie the Stegosaurus Weigh?

    Brian Switek
    6 Mar 2015 | 12:32 pm
    Sophie the Stegosaurus. Photo courtesy NHM London. Talking about dinosaurs sometimes reminds me of sports fans going over a player’s vital statistics. It’s important to know a player’s RBIs or interceptions (I think; I know practically nothing of sports), just like any hardcore dinosaur fan is going to know the diet, length, and other details of a particular species. Some of these particulars are relatively easy to come by. Curved serrated teeth? Then the dinosaur’s likely a carnivore. But others are trickier. How do we know how much non-avian dinosaurs weighed when we…
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  • Concussion Blood Test = Easy Diagnosis

    The Toombst
    25 Mar 2015 | 3:27 pm
    ByThe Toombst New study finds elevated proteins in the blood of people with concussions, this discovery could result in a concussion blood test in the near future. Concussions are a big problem especially in professional sports. Today, diagnosing a concussions involves subjective measures, like cognition tests. A more precise way to diagnose the condition could simplify the diagnosing and help avoid further brain injuries. Earlier studies have found substances that indicate the seriousness of a concussion, but haven’t found a way to diagnose the condition. A new study from Brown…
  • Prostate Cancer Treatment Options : Less is More

    The Toombst
    23 Mar 2015 | 7:05 pm
    ByThe Toombst   A new study finds favorable survival in patients opting for more conservative prostate cancer treatment options. Prostate cancer is the most common form of cancer in men, the risk being exceedingly high in old age. Some more aggressive treatments for the disease can cause serious side-effect like incontinence and impotence which is why it isn’t the preferred option in slow-growing forms of prostate cancer. A new study from Rutgers Cancer Institute of New Jersey finds favorable survival in patients opting for more conservative prostate cancer treatment options.
  • Moons with Water : The Solar System is Wet

    The Toombst
    23 Mar 2015 | 9:10 am
    ByThe Toombst Astronomers continue to discover new moons with water in the solar system, what else is hiding in the vast oceans below their frozen surfaces? Could we find life on another planet in our solar system… Since our statistical sample of planets with life is severely limited (still just the one) we’ve adjusted our search to rely on substances, and properties, we know are required for life on earth. One thing we believe essential for life, as far as we know, is water. The search for water was focused on Mars for a long time but now that focus have shifted This is a post…
  • Total Recall: Power Naps Improve Memory

    The Toombst
    20 Mar 2015 | 10:19 am
    ByThe Toombst   New study finds that power naps improve memory. Taking a power nap after a memorization task improved memory performance five times over controls watching a DVD. Power naps can be heaven, but sometimes it leaves you drowsy and uncomfortable. Earlier research have shown that taking power naps might actually be beneficial, increasing motor learning, boosting memory and enhancing creativity. Now a new study from Saarland University finds that power naps improve memory, increasing performance in associative memory tests. Power Naps Improve Memory ‘Even a short sleep…
  • Babies Breastfed Longer Achieve More

    The Toombst
    18 Mar 2015 | 9:38 am
    ByThe Toombst   New study finds that babies breastfed longer have higher intelligence, longer education and higher earnings later in life. Breastfeeding have many short-term benefits on health since breast milk contain all the vitamins and nutrients a baby need as well as disease fighting antibodies from the mother. But do breastfed children get additional advantages in the long-term ? A new study published in The Lancet Global Health investigate how the duration of breastfeeding affects IQ, income and education. Babies Breastfed Longer Achieve More “The effect of breastfeeding on…
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    Secondhand Science

  • Glial Cells

    22 Mar 2015 | 1:03 pm
    What I’ve Learned: “Glial cells: you’re gonna think lightning; you’re gonna cogitate thunder!” We can’t all be the star of the show. Think about it — sports tournaments don’t nominate Most Valuable Plethora. Only one actor in a movie gets to be the headliner, pretty much by definition. And no matter how smart those “meddling kids” are, it’s still the Scooby Doo show. (And don’t you forget it, Fred, ya scarf-wearing frat-boy bossypants.) Still, there’s nothing wrong with working in the background. Playing cheerleader…
  • Tectonic Plates

    15 Mar 2015 | 4:53 pm
    What I’ve Learned: “Tectonic plates: Putting the ‘rift’ in ‘continental drift’.” The Earth — or the bits of it we live on, anyway — is like the Kardashians. (A chilling premise, I know. Feel free to roll around in the fetal position for a bit while that sinks in. I’ll wait — and then I’ll explain.) The Earth’s surface is made up of independent sheets of planetary crust called “tectonic plates”. Parts of these plates — and some entire plates — lie under the ocean, but there are some rocky bits…
  • Alu Element

    8 Mar 2015 | 8:51 pm
    What I’ve Learned: “Alu element: The crowd’s not boo-ing, they’re Aluuuuu-ing.” This is one of those times when being a baseball fan can help you learn something about science. (All the other times either involve knuckleballs or an obscure branch of physics dedicated to explaining what the hell has kept C.C. Sabathia’s pants up for most of his career. So this one is the best, obviously.) Back in prehistoric times, before most anyone was born probably, people were playing baseball. I’m talking way back, like 1960 or so. It was around that time that…
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    Much Bigger Outside

  • Is Global Warming a Delicious Nightmare?

    Mario Barbatti
    15 Mar 2015 | 12:12 am
    Isadora, my newborn niece, is one of the heirs of the world we’re making right now. The best action against the global warming is doing nothing. The next generations will just thank us for not messing their world up. Have you ever wondered about how difficult and costly it is to do what we believe is right? This is specially hard if we are talking about public policies. Recently, l attended a talk by an IPCC director. He discussed the risks and costs of fighting global warming with a dramatic hypothetical scenario: India and China are the countries contributing the most for emissions…
  • Stop Asking for Letters of Recommendation

    Mario Barbatti
    7 Mar 2015 | 11:55 pm
    Manimekhala would probably give Phra Mahachanok a good letter of recommendation. We can’t say the same about the other poor bastards lost to the sea. A letter of recommendation is one of the most useless, costly, and biased instruments for selecting academic staff. Why do we still insist on asking for it? Every time that a call for PhD, postdoc or any other junior position brings a request like “…interested candidates should arrange for two or three letters of recommendation…,” it puts in motion a crazy bureaucratic machine involving a lot of people —…
  • When Icarus Flew over the Hidden Side of the Moon

    Mario Barbatti
    28 Feb 2015 | 11:54 pm
    Seduced by the sun’s splendor, Icarus didn’t listen to his father and fell into the sea. Well, it was a bit more complicated than that. These are Icarus’ last thoughts. Look at me, Dad, l reached farther than you ever believed. Now, l feel the wings starting melting. They burn my skin, but it is all worthy. I fly here above anyone ever flew. I see the moon floating below me. All that remains is the sun and the pure blue sky. I look down and l see you there, flying low, flying safe. Are you proud of me, Dad? I feel the wings melting and l am afraid. Is it worth flying here?
  • Please, Turn On All Your Electronic Devices

    Mario Barbatti
    21 Feb 2015 | 11:10 pm
    I’m writing this post from a Bangkok-Dubai flight. It’s a 6 hours trip in a brand new giant Airbus 380. We have in-flight Internet. Slow, but functional. This is the way to go. Economy is stagnated in most of the world. There are micro actions that could probably help if not revert, at least to alleviate this situation. One of them is to reduce dead times when people can’t produce or consume. Airports and flights are a deep holes of such dead times. In-flight Internet is still rare. Same about phone calls. Most of time, it isn’t due to technical issues. It’s…
  • News from Thailand

    Mario Barbatti
    15 Feb 2015 | 12:14 am
    No insightful post this week. I’m in Thailand. But it’s hard work: I’ll deliver three talks in three different universities in four days. MB
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    Johnson Matthey Technology Review

  • Platinum Investment Casting, Part I: Simulation and Experimental Study of the Casting Process

    Johnson Matthey Technology Review
    23 Mar 2015 | 7:36 am
    This paper summarises the results of collaborative research on investment casting of widely used platinum alloys (platinum with 5 wt% ruthenium (Pt-5Ru) and platinum with 5 wt% cobalt (Pt-5Co)) for jewellery purposes. To enable the simulation of the casting process, a materials database was developed as a first step. Casting simulation tools based on computational fluid dynamics (CFD) were used to optimise the casting process parameters and develop an improved understanding of their role. Selected casting trials were conducted using industrial tilt and centrifugal casting machines and the…
  • Annihilation of Extremely Halophilic Archaea in Hide Preservation Salt Using Alternating Electric Current

    Johnson Matthey Technology Review
    19 Mar 2015 | 9:34 am
    Salt contains extremely halophilic archaea and these microorganisms degrade leather quality. The aim of this study is to find an effective treatment system to kill these microorganisms in salt used in hide brine curing. Ten salt samples were obtained from Tuz Lake, Turkey, and the total cell counts of extremely halophilic archaea, proteolytic and lipolytic extremely halophilic archaea were determined. Two sets of experiments were designed to detect the inactivation impact of alternating electric current on extremely halophilic archaea. In the first experiment, 2 A alternating electric current…
  • “Handbook of Advanced Methods and Processes in Oxidation Catalysis: From Laboratory to Industry”

    Johnson Matthey Technology Review
    19 Mar 2015 | 9:30 am
    “Handbook of Advanced Methods and Processes in Oxidation Catalysis”, edited by Daniel Duprez and Fabrizio Cavani, aims to give an overview of catalytic oxidation methods. It is divided in two parts, covering total and selective oxidation, and draws on the experience of a number of academic and industrial scientists. It is a broad and generally useful book which fulfils its aims, being intended for the technical parts of the chemical industry as well as the academic community. This book is particularly interesting in that it clearly describes the very diverse applications and importance of…
  • In the Lab: Ductile Metal Oxides Impregnated on Magnetite: New Catalysts in Organic Synthesis

    Johnson Matthey Technology Review
    10 Mar 2015 | 1:31 am
    Diego J. Ramón is a Professor in the Department of Organic Chemistry at the University of Alicante, Spain. His research focuses on the development of catalysts based on transition metal oxides impregnated on the surface of magnetite and their application to different reactions of general interest in Organic Chemistry. He has published over 100 papers.... The post In the Lab: Ductile Metal Oxides Impregnated on Magnetite: New Catalysts in Organic Synthesis appeared first on Johnson Matthey Technology Review.
  • “Metal-Organic Frameworks: A New Class of Crystalline Porous Materials”

    Johnson Matthey Technology Review
    9 Mar 2015 | 3:31 am
    “Metal-Organic Frameworks: A New Class of Crystalline Porous Materials” published by Lambert Academic Publishing, 2014, is a book written by Dr Behnam Seyyedi on the emerging porous materials of metal-organic frameworks (MOFs). The term MOF was coined by Omar Yaghi in 1995 (1). MOFs consist of both organic and inorganic building entities, where the organic ligands, i.e. spacers, are coordinated to the metal ion clusters, i.e. nodes, to create extended frameworks. In some cases, the frameworks are rigid enough to form internal voids after solvent removal, forming structures with high…
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    Spin and Tonic

  • The Fallen Heroes of Magnetic Storage

    Duncan Parkes
    23 Mar 2015 | 2:00 am
    MRAM seems set to be the next big thing for the spintronics industry. But what can we say about the fallen heroes of magnetic storage... The post The Fallen Heroes of Magnetic Storage appeared first on Spin and Tonic.
  • Heusler alloys: A hot topic

    Bryn Howells
    19 Mar 2015 | 8:39 am
    A-Heusler there matey Heusler materials are becoming increasingly interesting for use in spintronics.  These materials have X2YZ stoichiometry (where Y is a magnetic ion) and... The post Heusler alloys: A hot topic appeared first on Spin and Tonic.
  • Interface time: Finding the source of perpendicular magnetic anisotropy

    Bryn Howells
    12 Mar 2015 | 8:55 am
    As touched upon in last week’s Pick of the Week, perpendicular magnetic anisotropy (PMA) may be important for spin transfer torque MRAM (STT-MRAM) as it... The post Interface time: Finding the source of perpendicular magnetic anisotropy appeared first on Spin and Tonic.
  • Hall Effect of Fame

    Duncan Parkes
    9 Mar 2015 | 2:00 am
    The Hall Effect is beloved of condensed matter physicists the world over for its use in characterisation of materials and sensing of magnetic fields. Now... The post Hall Effect of Fame appeared first on Spin and Tonic.
  • MRAM catches an STT

    Bryn Howells
    6 Mar 2015 | 8:27 am
    After a month long absence, Pick of the Week returns with a look at a fantastic commentary article on spin-transfer torque magnetoresistive random access memory... The post MRAM catches an STT appeared first on Spin and Tonic.
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    Artificial Intelligence

  • Definition of intelligence

    9 Mar 2015 | 7:36 am
    Ray Kurzweil, the computer sceintist, defined intelligence as "set of skills that allows humans to solve problem with limited resources." The skills expected from an intelligent person are learning, abstract thought, planning, imagination, and creativity. This list covers the most important aspects of human intelligence.
  • Resolution In Predicate Logic

    6 Jan 2013 | 1:20 am
    Algorithm: Resolution In Predicate Logic 1. Convert all the statements of F to clause form 2. Negate P and convert the result to clause form. Add it to the set of clauses obtained in step 1.
  • Resolution In Propositional Logic

    6 Jan 2013 | 1:09 am
    In propositional logic, the procedure for producing a proof by resolution of proposition P with respect to a set of axioms F is the following. Algorithm: Propositional Resolution
  • Steps to Create an Expert System

    5 Jan 2013 | 4:05 am
    The process of creation of an expert system requires careful planning. It is common to acquire an expert systems tool, i.e., shell, instead of developing the inference engine from the scratch. The steps involved in the creation of expert system are listed below.
  • What is Knowledge?

    4 Jan 2013 | 8:27 pm
    Knowledge is the body of facts and principles. Knowledge can be language, concepts, procedures, rules, ideas, abstractions,places,customs, and so on. study of knowledge is called Epistemology.
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    Deep Stuff

  • Best View Yet of Dusty Cloud Passing Galactic Centre Black Hole

    26 Mar 2015 | 6:59 am
    VLT observations confirm that G2 survived close approach and is a compact object The best observations so far of the dusty gas cloud G2 confirm that it made its closest approach to the supermassive black hole at the centre of… The post Best View Yet of Dusty Cloud Passing Galactic Centre Black Hole appeared first on Deep Stuff.
  • Supermassive Black Hole Blasts Star-Making Gas From Galaxy’s Core

    25 Mar 2015 | 8:28 pm
    Many galaxies blast outward from their centers huge, wide-angled flows of material — pushing to their outer edges enough dust and gas each year to otherwise have formed more than a thousand stars the size of our sun. Astronomers have… The post Supermassive Black Hole Blasts Star-Making Gas From Galaxy’s Core appeared first on Deep Stuff.
  • Thousands of atoms entangled with a single photon

    25 Mar 2015 | 8:02 pm
    Physicists from MIT and the University of Belgrade have developed a new technique that can successfully entangle 3,000 atoms using only a single photon. The results, published today in the journal Nature, represent the largest number of particles that have… The post Thousands of atoms entangled with a single photon appeared first on Deep Stuff.
  • Explosions of Jupiter’s Aurora Linked to Extraordinary Planet-Moon Interaction

    25 Mar 2015 | 7:24 am
    On Earth, bursts of particles spewed by the Sun spark shimmering auroras, like the Northern Lights, that briefly dance at our planet’s poles. But, on Jupiter, there’s an auroral glow all the time, and new observations show that this Jovian… The post Explosions of Jupiter’s Aurora Linked to Extraordinary Planet-Moon Interaction appeared first on Deep Stuff.
  • Carbon nanotube fibers make superior links to brain

    25 Mar 2015 | 7:04 am
    Rice University invention provides two-way communication with neurons Carbon nanotube fibers invented at Rice University may provide the best way to communicate directly with the brain. The fibers have proven superior to metal electrodes for deep brain stimulation and to… The post Carbon nanotube fibers make superior links to brain appeared first on Deep Stuff.
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  • Science Without Religion is Lame, Religion Without Science is Blind

    23 Mar 2015 | 10:28 pm
    What do you think about this quote? Was Einstein right? The post Science Without Religion is Lame, Religion Without Science is Blind appeared first on Sparkonit.
  • How Convertible Car Aerodynamics Can Prevent Passengers From Getting Wet In The Rain

    23 Mar 2015 | 12:40 am
    This footage taken at 1000 frames per second (fps) shows how the aerodynamics of a convertible car can prevent passengers from getting wet in the rain. In fact, the Slow Mo Guys did hit 100 mph to take full advantage of the convertible car aerodynamics and just a slight decrease in the speed could affect how the aerodynamics of a convertible’s windshield/windscreen work. How aerodynamics works also depends on the velocity and the direction of the wind. For example, if the velocity of the wind is 60 miles per hour, the aerodynamics would still function if you are driving at about 40…
  • Study Reveals Why Dogs Love Their Owners

    20 Mar 2015 | 11:39 pm
    A study at Monash University in Melbourne, Australia revealed that the love hormone oxytocin plays a crucial role in establishing a strong connection between the dogs and their owners. Researchers studied 75 dogs over a period of 12 months, giving them a nasal spray of oxytocin to check if the hormone had any affect on the dog’s ability to perform simple task. They found that the dogs that were given extra doses of oxytocin performed better compared to those given simple saline spray. Both dogs and humans usually produce more oxytocin as they interact. For dogs, the hormone makes them…
  • Instrumentation Engineering: Career Opportunities in India and Abroad

    Guest Author
    20 Mar 2015 | 11:35 pm
    Instrumentation engineering as a discipline caters to the science of measurement and control. The branch covers a wide range of subjects including electrical, chemical, electronics as well as computer engineering. Essentially an interdisciplinary domain, instrumentation caters to the management and calibration of electrical circuits as applicable for various systems and ensure proper measurements. These are used in high precision machineries and devices and accordingly instrumentation engineering domain finds usage in a variety of fields ranging from biomedical domain, robotics,…
  • How Being In Love Affects Your Brain’s Functional Architecture

    9 Mar 2015 | 11:23 pm
    Does being in love make you motivate less or does it make you motivate more? Science defines love as a complex sentiment involving emotional, cognitive and behavioral components and it has been regarded as the inspiration for some of the most extraordinary achievements of mankind as it boosts confidence and metamorphoses motivational state associated with a desire to maintain a close relationship with a specific other person. So, no doubt that it makes you motivate more and researchers have now examined how being in a romantic relationship produces alterations in the brain’s functional…
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