• Most Topular Stories

  • Crop attack discovery lets team bounce back

    Pat Bailey-UC Davis
    27 Jul 2015 | 12:52 pm
    When disease-causing bacteria invade disease-resistant rice, a small protein produced by the bacteria betrays the invader. When the rice plant recognizes the protein, it senses that a microbial attack is underway and mounts an immune response to fend off infection, researchers report. Identification of the tiny protein, called RaxX, holds promise for developing more disease-resistant crop varieties and therapeutic treatments for blocking microbial infections in both plants and animals, say the researchers, who found particular satisfaction in this discovery, two years after retracting the…
  • Why This 14-Year-Old Kid Built A Nuclear Reactor

    National Geographic News
    Simon Worrall
    26 Jul 2015 | 5:00 am
    In his quest to better the world,Taylor Wilson captured the interest of Homeland Security and ended up with radioactive pants.
  • Why city birds are more aggressive than country birds

    Science Magazine
    27 Jul 2015 | 2:30 am
    Sparrows fight over prime real estate
  • Logging in without a password

    Dave Bradley's Tech Talk
    David Bradley
    3 Jul 2015 | 1:50 am
    Martin B on gHacks recently reported on how the popular site Medium (my Medium page) has added another login option that avoids using passwords. You sign up with your email address, the site sends you a link which logs you in, you set up your profile and start contributing, when you’re done you logout. Next time you want to login, you enter your email address and it sends you a login link and so on… It’s funny though, I’ve been using this approach for other sites for several years as a way to not have to remember or store passwords for those sites. If the site has a…
  • Two possible MERS cases force hospital in Manchester to close

    New Scientist - News
    27 Jul 2015 | 11:29 am
    If confirmed, the cases would be the UK's fifth and sixth ever cases of MERS, the respiratory virus that emerged in Saudi Arabia in 2012
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  • When moms ‘tune in,’ babies show empathy later

    Saskia Angenent-York
    27 Jul 2015 | 1:00 pm
    Mothers who are “mind-minded,” or able to “tune in” to their baby’s thoughts and feelings by engaging in baby talk, may be able to help their child understand the thoughts of others as they grow. For a new study, researchers observed 40 mothers and their babies when they were 10, 12, 16, and 20 months old. Keeping a record of parental language while a mother and her child played for 10 minutes, psychologists logged every time the mother made “mind related comments”—inferences about their child’s thought processes through their behavior (for…
  • Crop attack discovery lets team bounce back

    Pat Bailey-UC Davis
    27 Jul 2015 | 12:52 pm
    When disease-causing bacteria invade disease-resistant rice, a small protein produced by the bacteria betrays the invader. When the rice plant recognizes the protein, it senses that a microbial attack is underway and mounts an immune response to fend off infection, researchers report. Identification of the tiny protein, called RaxX, holds promise for developing more disease-resistant crop varieties and therapeutic treatments for blocking microbial infections in both plants and animals, say the researchers, who found particular satisfaction in this discovery, two years after retracting the…
  • Insulin resistance may boost risk of memory loss

    Angie Hunt-Iowa State
    27 Jul 2015 | 11:12 am
    The fact that obesity increases the risk of cardiovascular disease and some cancers is well known. A new study suggests that memory loss—and Alzheimer’s disease—should also be a top concern. Researchers discovered a strong association between insulin resistance and memory function decline, increasing the risk for Alzheimer’s disease. Insulin resistance is common in people who are obese, pre-diabetic, or have type 2 diabetes. For the study, scientists examined brain scans in 150 late middle-aged adults, who were at risk for Alzheimer’s disease, but showed no sign of…
  • Extroverts tend to save less money

    Dominic Ali-Toronto
    27 Jul 2015 | 10:29 am
    Extroverted populations tend to have lower savings rates, new research shows. “Many of the choices that people make are influenced by their personality characteristics,” says Jacob Hirsh, assistant professor at Rotman School and University of Toronto Mississauga’s Institute for Management and Innovation. “I started to think about how that affect might play out across larger groups.” In his previous work, Hirsh has shown that more extroverted individuals tend to choose smaller but immediate rewards instead of larger but delayed ones. “Extroverts are far more…
  • Do blood vessels get better as we age?

    Jeff Hoelscher-U. Missouri
    27 Jul 2015 | 9:17 am
    Getting older may offer blood vessels protection from oxidative stress, which is thought to play a critical role in several diseases, including hypertension and cancer. “Molecules known as reactive oxygen species, or ROS, play an important role in regulating cellular function,” says Steven Segal, a professor of medical pharmacology and physiology at the University of Missouri School of Medicine and senior author of the study. “However, the overproduction of ROS can help create a condition referred to as oxidative stress, which can alter the function of cells and interfere…
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    Science 2.0

  • New Results From The LHC At 13 TeV!

    Tommaso Dorigo
    27 Jul 2015 | 1:53 pm
    Well, as some of you may have heard, the restart of the LHC has not been as smooth as we had hoped. In a machine as complex as this the chance that something gets in the way of a well-followed schedule is quite significant. So there have been slight delays, but the important thing is that the data at 13 TeV centre-of-mass energy are coming, and the first results are being extracted from them. read more
  • 3D Printed ‘Smart Cap’ Can Detect Spoiled Food

    News Staff
    27 Jul 2015 | 1:28 pm
    3D printing technology can now include electrical components, such as resistors, inductors, capacitors and integrated wireless electrical sensing systems, and researchers have put that concept to the test by printing a wireless “smart cap” for a milk carton that detected signs of spoilage using embedded sensors.Prosthetics, medical implants and toys are all fantastic but what had been missing from the repertoire until now was the ability to produce sensitive electronic components. read more
  • 'Selfish' Bacteria Link IBD And Gut Microbiota

    News Staff
    27 Jul 2015 | 10:27 am
    The discovery of unusual foraging activity in bacteria species populating our gut may explain how conditions like Inflammatory Bowel Disease (IBD) link to changes in the populations of bacteria in our gut. IBD affects 1 in every 250 people but its causes are unknown. Studies have shown that IBD patients have a different profile of gut microbes, which is called dysbiosis. All of us have trillions of beneficial bacteria in our gut, but the combination of different species, known as the microbiome, varies. A crucial question has been whether IBD causes our microbiome to change, or whether an…
  • Bomb-Proof Lining Contains Explosions In Aircraft

    News Staff
    27 Jul 2015 | 7:00 am
    A bomb-proof lining called the  Fly-Bag has successfully contained blasts in a series of controlled explosions in the luggage hold of a Boeing 747 and an Airbus 321. Using this technology, tests show plane’s luggage hold may be able to contain force of an explosion if a device hidden in a passenger’s luggage detonatesThe Fly-Bag lines an aircraft’s luggage hold with multiple layers of novel fabrics and composites and was tested under increasing explosive charges on disused planes at Cotswolds Airport, near Cirencester, this week. read more
  • Coryphopterus Curasub: A Fish Too Deep For Science

    News Staff
    27 Jul 2015 | 6:30 am
    A new small goby fish differs from its relatives not only in its size and colors, but also in the depth of its habitat (70-80 m) in the southern Caribbean. The scientists gave it the name Coryphopterus curasub in recognition of the Curasub submersible that was used in their deep-reef exploration. Marine biodiversity inhabiting shallow Caribbean coral reefs has been studied for more than 150 years, but much less is known about what lives at depths just below those accessible with conventional SCUBA gear. Thanks to the availability of a privately owned, manned submersible on the island of…
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    David Bradley

  • A triple A-side meta single

    David Bradley
    4 Jul 2015 | 2:24 am
    Obviously, a good old-fashioned circular slice of polyvinyl chloride, PVC, or just vinyl to audiophiles, is a disc, two sides, A and B, sometimes labelled A and A…but what if you want three sides? Is it possible to have a hyper-disk with an extra groovy surface? In reality, maybe not. In virtuality… Life, Love and Lonicera by Dave Bradley Life, Love and Lonicera: My triple A-side single featuring a Pseudo Gabriel pastiche “Push the Button”, my feverish asthmatic falsetto in the mock jazz of “Wild Honeysuckle” and the slow build and gospelesque break of…
  • George does Geordie Geography gently

    David Bradley
    30 Jun 2015 | 9:47 am
    The Geordie geography of TV’s George Gently (which has been on for years) is quite amazing…I watch it because it’s filmed in the land of my birth. But, Scene 1 might be in a children’s home in Teesside (which they spell Teeside), next scene is Gently, who’s based in Durham, which is on the Wear, nipping down to said kids’ home with sidekick mod copper John, then they’re back in time for Gently to quickly get to South Shields only it isn’t South Shields (on the Tyne), which they call “Shields”, it’s Seaton Sluice, which is back…
  • 100 songs

    David Bradley
    30 Jun 2015 | 2:15 am
    Having mentioned 100 million chemicals just now, be sheer chance, I noticed that “Push the Button” stacks up as my 100th original tune on SoundCloud. It’s part of the double A-side “single” – Life Love, and Lonicera, which includes my big time Pseudo Gabriel sledgehammer of a song, “Push the Button” and Wild Honeysuckle which features my feverish festival falsetto, songs of sexuality on steroids…but NOT NSFW ;-) Life, Love and Lonicera by Dave Bradley We know it's all electrified and open to abuse But schmooze it up, confuse it up it is…
  • 100 million chemicals

    David Bradley
    30 Jun 2015 | 1:06 am
    One little bit of chemistry news that I always try to cover are the milestones as the Chemical Abstracts Service announces the next “round number” in its database of chemical structures. It was September 2007 when I mentioned their reaching 50 million structures, but I am fairly sure I wrote about their 10 millionth in newscientist back in the early 1990s… This week, CAS announced the 100 millionth chemical substance in its registry in the service’s 50th anniversary. That is quite astounding, 100 million chemicals! On average a new substance registered every two and a…
  • Dexter on the Rocks

    David Bradley
    10 Jun 2015 | 7:52 am
    A fascinating paper highlighted in F1000 Prime suggests that powdered tomato (the red-coloured lycopene in it, actually) has a protective effect on a liver diseased by alcohol. Specifically, “dietary tomato powder inhibits alcohol-induced hepatic injury by suppressing cytochrome p450 2E1 induction in rodent models.” So if you’re a boozed up critter it might help. What I am waiting with baited breath to see are the tabloid headlines when they get wind of this research: Bloody Mary cures ailing liver That kind of thing… This from the paper’s abstract: Chronic and…
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    Newswise: SciNews

  • Closing Roads to Save Tigers

    Wildlife Conservation Society
    27 Jul 2015 | 1:05 pm
    A logging company, working with local authorities and WCS, has agreed to begin dismantling abandoned logging roads currently being used by poachers to access prime Amur (Siberian) tiger habitat in the Russian Far East.
  • Researchers Identify Protein in Mice That Helps Prepare for Healthy Egg-Sperm Union

    National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences (NIEHS)
    27 Jul 2015 | 1:05 pm
    Researchers at the National Institutes of Health have discovered a protein that plays a vital role in healthy egg-sperm union in mice. The protein RGS2 can delay an egg's development into an embryo in order to allow time for sperm to arrive and merge with the egg in a healthy fertilization process. The embryo cannot survive without the male chromosomes.
  • In Indonesia, A Major Ivory Trader Arrested by the Bengkulu Police

    Wildlife Conservation Society
    27 Jul 2015 | 1:05 pm
    Polda Bengkulu (Bengkulu Police) supported by Polres Kaur (District Police), the Government of Indonesia, WCS's Wildlife Crimes Unit (WCU), TRAFFIC, and the Rhino Protection Unit (RPU) announced today the arrest of an Asian elephant ivory trader.
  • Researchers Identify Model to Predict Successful Wound Healing

    Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences (USU)
    27 Jul 2015 | 12:05 pm
    Battlefield surgeons and civilian physicians could have a powerful new tool to help patients recover from traumatic injuries, including life-threatening wounds from explosions.
  • Why Alfred Hitchcock Grabs Your Attention

    Georgia Institute of Technology
    27 Jul 2015 | 12:05 pm
    The movies of Alfred Hitchcock have made palms sweat and pulses race for more than 65 years. Georgia Institute of Technology researchers have now learned how the Master of Suspense affects audiences' brains. Their study measured brain activity while people watched clips from Hitchcock and other suspenseful films. During high suspense moments, the brain narrows what people see and focuses their attention on the story. During less suspenseful moments of the film clips, viewers devote more attention to their surroundings.
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  • How To Use Positive Framing to Persuade and Sell

    Roger Dooley
    23 Jul 2015 | 7:18 am
    Both apes and humans prefer positive framing. Learn how to use that innate bias to sell more effectively.
  • Get Smarter Instantly With This Fishy Technique

    Roger Dooley
    15 Jul 2015 | 11:04 am
    Can inhaling a few times make you far more likely to spot erroneous statements? A new study says "yes."
  • Print vs. Digital: Another Emotional Win for Paper

    Roger Dooley
    8 Jul 2015 | 5:42 am
    Every year, consumers spend more time using digital devices. Every year, more media is consumed digitally. Naturally, advertising dollars are increasingly flowing to digital as well. But, don’t pull the plug on that direct mail campaign just yet. New research [...]
  • Your Brain on Porsche: Neuro-Nonsense

    Roger Dooley
    29 Jun 2015 | 6:11 am
    The last few months have been mostly good news for neuromarketers. From major university research to corporate investment, credibility is on the rise. But, completely dismissing the sketchy science perception won’t be possible as long as people use and abuse [...]
  • Sales Intuition: How to Use It and Improve It

    Roger Dooley
    24 Jun 2015 | 9:52 am
    Sales intuition can be a powerful tool, according to a recent study. Salespeople who acted on intuition outperformed those who over-thought the process. I explain the research and give ways to improve intuition.
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    Mind Hacks

  • Spike activity 24-07-2015

    26 Jul 2015 | 2:36 am
    Quick links from the past week in mind and brain news: Why does the concept of ‘schizophrenia’ still persist? Great post from Psychodiagnosticator. Nature reviews two new movies on notorious psychology experiments: the Stanford Prison Experiment and Milgram’s conformity experiments. Can the thought of money make people more conservative? Another social priming effect bites the dust Neuroskeptic with a great analysis. The Psychologist has a transcript of a recent ‘teenagers debunked’ talk at the Latitude Festival. Oliver Sack’s excellent biography On The…
  • Are online experiment participants paying attention?

    23 Jul 2015 | 10:51 pm
    Online testing is sure to play a large part in the future of Psychology. Using Mechanical Turk or other crowdsourcing sites for research, psychologists can quickly and easily gather data for any study where the responses can be provided online. One concern, however, is that online samples may be less motivated to pay attention to the tasks they are participating in. Not only is nobody watching how they do these online experiments, they whole experience is framed as a work-for-cash gig, so there is pressure to complete any activity as quickly and with as low effort as possible. To the extent…
  • Conspiracy theory as character flaw

    21 Jul 2015 | 2:24 am
    Philosophy professor Quassim Cassam has a piece in Aeon arguing that conspiracy theorists should be understood in terms of the intellectual vices. It is a dead-end, he says, to try to understand the reasons someone gives for believing a conspiracy theory. Consider someone called Oliver who believes that 9/11 was an inside job: Usually, when philosophers try to explain why someone believes things (weird or otherwise), they focus on that person’s reasons rather than their character traits. On this view, the way to explain why Oliver believes that 9/11 was an inside job is to identify his…
  • Spike activity 13-07-2015

    13 Jul 2015 | 1:32 pm
    A slightly belated Spike Activity to capture some of the responses to the APA report plus quick links from the past week in mind and brain news: APA makes a non-apology on Twitter and gets panned in response. “the organization’s long-standing ethics director, Stephen Behnke, had been removed from his position as a result of the report and signaled that other firings or sanctions could follow” according to the Washington Post. Psychologist accused of enabling US torture backed by former FBI chief, reports The Guardian. The wrangling begins. PsychCentral editor John Grohol resigns…
  • APA facilitated CIA torture programme at highest levels

    11 Jul 2015 | 1:36 am
    The long-awaited independent report, commissioned by the American Psychological Association, into the role of the organisation in the CIA’s torture programme has cited direct collusion at the highest levels of the APA to ensure psychologists could participate in abusive interrogation practices. Reporter James Risen, who has been chasing the story for some time, revealed the damning report and its conclusions in an article for The New York Times but the text of the 524 page report more than speaks for itself. From page 9: Our investigation determined that key APA officials, principally…
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  • You are getting sleepy…very sleepy… [Life Lines]

    Dr. Dolittle
    27 Jul 2015 | 11:05 pm
    Image of a Siberian hamster from Wikimedia Commons Exposing Siberian hamsters (Phodopus sungorus) to shorter photoperiods (think winter) for about two months causes the animals to spontaneously undergo daily bouts of torpor during which time they decrease metabolic rate to conserve energy.  New research published in the American Journal of Physiology – Regulatory, Integrative and Comparative Physiology was designed to examine whether decreases in growth hormone secretion was involved in stimulating these daily torpor episodes. By administering a chemical that inhibits growth…
  • Mary’s Monday Metazoan: Sad kiwi [Pharyngula]

    PZ Myers
    27 Jul 2015 | 6:14 pm
    This bird may be doomed. It’s genome has been sequenced, and there is very little genetic diversity in the remaining populations.
  • Catastrophic Sea Level Rise: More and sooner [Greg Laden's Blog]

    Greg Laden
    27 Jul 2015 | 12:22 pm
    What is not new Ultimately sea levels will rise several feet, given the present levels of CO2 in the atmosphere. We already knew this by examining paleo data, and finding periods in the past with similar surface temperatures and/or similar atmospheric CO2 levels as today. I put a graphic from a paper by Gavin Foster and Eelco Rohling at the top of the post. It does a good job of summarizing the paleo data. If we keep pumping CO2 into the atmosphere at current, or even somewhat reduced, levels for a few more decades, the ultimate increase in sea levels will be significant. Find the…
  • Donald Rasmussen: Coal miners’ physician, humble man [The Pump Handle]

    Celeste Monforton, DrPH, MPH
    27 Jul 2015 | 11:57 am
    The occupational health community, coal miners, their families and labor advocates are mourning the loss of physician Donald Rasmussen, 87. For more than 50 years, he diagnosed and treated coal miners with work-related lung disease, first at the then Miners Memorial Hospital in Beckley, WV and later at his own black lung clinic. A lengthy story by John Blankenship in Beckley’s Register-Herald written two years ago profiled Dr. Rasmussen’s career. “ In 1962, a young doctor from Manassa, Colorado, saw a help wanted advertisement in a medical journal needing doctors in Beckley at the then…
  • Mostly Mute Monday: Our Nearest Galaxy In Three Unique Views (Synopsis) [Starts With A Bang]

    27 Jul 2015 | 6:48 am
    “Our knowledge of stars and interstellar matter must be based primarily on the electromagnetic radiation which reaches us. Nature has thoughtfully provided us with a universe in which radiant energy of almost all wave lengths travels in straight lines over enormous distances with usually rather negligible absorption.” –Lyman Spitzer, Jr. There’s nothing quite like looking at a galaxy, all aglow with the light from billions upon billions of stars shining at once. Some reaches our eyes, some is obscured by light-blocking dust, and all of it comes together to give a spectacular…
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    EE Times

  • Software IP Protection in a Complicated World

    27 Jul 2015 | 9:13 pm
    With software becoming a competitive differentiator even in hardware designs, it is important to use behavioral analytics tools that protect proprietary software IP from theft.
  • Earnings: Hynix Down, Cypress Up

    Gary Hilson
    27 Jul 2015 | 9:02 pm
    A sluggish DRAM market for PCs hurt SK Hynix earnings, much like it hurt Micron's, while Cypress posted a strong quarter following the integration of Spansion
  • 8-bit Fights Back with Autonomous Peripherals

    Rich Quinnell
    27 Jul 2015 | 9:01 pm
    Using smart peripherals, 8-bit MCUs are trying to reclaim advanced applications from 32-bit contenders.
  • Getting Back to Basic with Bluetooth

    Bernard Cole
    27 Jul 2015 | 9:01 pm
    In the new IoT environment where ease of development is primary, Silicon Labs provides Bluetooth developers with a simple BASIC-like scripting language.
  • India's "Missile Man" Passes Away

    Sufia Tippu
    27 Jul 2015 | 8:59 pm
    "We should not give up and we should not allow the problem to defeat us." Kalam's legacy will continue onward through generations of Indian engineers, scholars and students.
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    PLOS Biology: New Articles

  • Imperfect Vaccination Can Enhance the Transmission of Highly Virulent Pathogens

    Andrew F. Read et al.
    27 Jul 2015 | 2:00 pm
    by Andrew F. Read, Susan J. Baigent, Claire Powers, Lydia B. Kgosana, Luke Blackwell, Lorraine P. Smith, David A. Kennedy, Stephen W. Walkden-Brown, Venugopal K. Nair Could some vaccines drive the evolution of more virulent pathogens? Conventional wisdom is that natural selection will remove highly lethal pathogens if host death greatly reduces transmission. Vaccines that keep hosts alive but still allow transmission could thus allow very virulent strains to circulate in a population. Here we show experimentally that immunization of chickens against Marek's disease virus enhances the fitness…
  • Let's Make Gender Diversity in Data Science a Priority Right from the Start

    Francine D. Berman et al.
    27 Jul 2015 | 2:00 pm
    by Francine D. Berman, Philip E. Bourne The emergent field of data science is a critical driver for innovation in all sectors, a focus of tremendous workforce development, and an area of increasing importance within science, technology, engineering, and math (STEM). In all of its aspects, data science has the potential to narrow the gender gap and set a new bar for inclusion. To evolve data science in a way that promotes gender diversity, we must address two challenges: (1) how to increase the number of women acquiring skills and working in data science and (2) how to evolve organizations and…
  • Extracting Environmental Benefits from a New Canal in Nicaragua: Lessons from Panama

    Richard Condit
    27 Jul 2015 | 2:00 pm
    by Richard Condit Biologists have raised objections to a new canal in Nicaragua, but in this Essay I argue that dire predictions of environmental catastrophe are exaggerated. I present an alternative view based on my research experience in Panama, where Canal operations foster forest conservation. Currently in Nicaragua, the rate of forest loss is so rapid that the canal cannot make it worse. Rather, I contend, adoption of international standards in canal construction could lead to net environmental and social benefits for the country.
  • The Functional Connectome of Speech Control

    Stefan Fuertinger et al.
    23 Jul 2015 | 2:00 pm
    by Stefan Fuertinger, Barry Horwitz, Kristina Simonyan In the past few years, several studies have been directed to understanding the complexity of functional interactions between different brain regions during various human behaviors. Among these, neuroimaging research installed the notion that speech and language require an orchestration of brain regions for comprehension, planning, and integration of a heard sound with a spoken word. However, these studies have been largely limited to mapping the neural correlates of separate speech elements and examining distinct cortical or subcortical…
  • The Importance of Biodiversity E-infrastructures for Megadiverse Countries

    Dora A. L. Canhos et al.
    23 Jul 2015 | 2:00 pm
    by Dora A. L. Canhos, Mariane S. Sousa-Baena, Sidnei de Souza, Leonor C. Maia, João R. Stehmann, Vanderlei P. Canhos, Renato De Giovanni, Maria B. M. Bonacelli, Wouter Los, A. Townsend Peterson Addressing the challenges of biodiversity conservation and sustainable development requires global cooperation, support structures, and new governance models to integrate diverse initiatives and achieve massive, open exchange of data, tools, and technology. The traditional paradigm of sharing scientific knowledge through publications is not sufficient to meet contemporary demands that require not only…
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    PLOS Computational Biology: New Articles

  • Fast Simulation of Mechanical Heterogeneity in the Electrically Asynchronous Heart Using the MultiPatch Module

    John Walmsley et al.
    23 Jul 2015 | 2:00 pm
    by John Walmsley, Theo Arts, Nicolas Derval, Pierre Bordachar, Hubert Cochet, Sylvain Ploux, Frits W. Prinzen, Tammo Delhaas, Joost Lumens Cardiac electrical asynchrony occurs as a result of cardiac pacing or conduction disorders such as left bundle-branch block (LBBB). Electrically asynchronous activation causes myocardial contraction heterogeneity that can be detrimental for cardiac function. Computational models provide a tool for understanding pathological consequences of dyssynchronous contraction. Simulations of mechanical dyssynchrony within the heart are typically performed using the…
  • Neutral Models of Microbiome Evolution

    Qinglong Zeng et al.
    22 Jul 2015 | 2:00 pm
    by Qinglong Zeng, Jeet Sukumaran, Steven Wu, Allen Rodrigo There has been an explosion of research on host-associated microbial communities (i.e.,microbiomes). Much of this research has focused on surveys of microbial diversities across a variety of host species, including humans, with a view to understanding how these microbiomes are distributed across space and time, and how they correlate with host health, disease, phenotype, physiology and ecology. Fewer studies have focused on how these microbiomes may have evolved. In this paper, we develop an agent-based framework to study the dynamics…
  • Timing and Variability of Galactose Metabolic Gene Activation Depend on the Rate of Environmental Change

    Truong D. Nguyen-Huu et al.
    22 Jul 2015 | 2:00 pm
    by Truong D. Nguyen-Huu, Chinmaya Gupta, Bo Ma, William Ott, Krešimir Josić, Matthew R. Bennett Modulation of gene network activity allows cells to respond to changes in environmental conditions. For example, the galactose utilization network in Saccharomyces cerevisiae is activated by the presence of galactose but repressed by glucose. If both sugars are present, the yeast will first metabolize glucose, depleting it from the extracellular environment. Upon depletion of glucose, the genes encoding galactose metabolic proteins will activate. Here, we show that the rate at which glucose…
  • What Can Interaction Webs Tell Us About Species Roles?

    Elizabeth L. Sander et al.
    21 Jul 2015 | 2:00 pm
    by Elizabeth L. Sander, J. Timothy Wootton, Stefano Allesina The group model is a useful tool to understand broad-scale patterns of interaction in a network, but it has previously been limited in use to food webs, which contain only predator-prey interactions. Natural populations interact with each other in a variety of ways and, although most published ecological networks only include information about a single interaction type (e.g., feeding, pollination), ecologists are beginning to consider networks which combine multiple interaction types. Here we extend the group model to signed…
  • Quantitative Analysis of the Association Angle between T-cell Receptor Vα/Vβ Domains Reveals Important Features for Epitope Recognition

    Thomas Hoffmann et al.
    17 Jul 2015 | 2:00 pm
    by Thomas Hoffmann, Angela M. Krackhardt, Iris Antes T-cell receptors (TCR) play an important role in the adaptive immune system as they recognize pathogen- or cancer-based epitopes and thus initiate the cell-mediated immune response. Therefore there exists a growing interest in the optimization of TCRs for medical purposes like adoptive T-cell therapy. However, the molecular mechanisms behind T-cell signaling are still predominantly unknown. For small sets of TCRs it was observed that the angle between their Vα- and Vβ-domains, which bind the epitope, can vary and might be important for…
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    PLOS Genetics: New Articles

  • Hairless Streaks in Cattle Implicate TSR2 in Early Hair Follicle Formation

    Leonardo Murgiano et al.
    23 Jul 2015 | 2:00 pm
    by Leonardo Murgiano, Vera Shirokova, Monika Maria Welle, Vidhya Jagannathan, Philippe Plattet, Anna Oevermann, Aldona Pienkowska-Schelling, Daniele Gallo, Arcangelo Gentile, Marja Mikkola, Cord Drögemüller Four related cows showed hairless streaks on various parts of the body with no correlation to the pigmentation pattern. The stripes occurred in a consistent pattern resembling the lines of Blaschko. The non-syndromic hairlessness phenotype observed occurred across three generations of a single family and was compatible with an X-linked mode of inheritance. Linkage analysis and subsequent…
  • Molecular Framework of a Regulatory Circuit Initiating Two-Dimensional Spatial Patterning of Stomatal Lineage

    Robin J. Horst et al.
    23 Jul 2015 | 2:00 pm
    by Robin J. Horst, Hironori Fujita, Jin Suk Lee, Amanda L. Rychel, Jacqueline M. Garrick, Masayoshi Kawaguchi, Kylee M. Peterson, Keiko U. Torii Stomata, valves on the plant epidermis, are critical for plant growth and survival, and the presence of stomata impacts the global water and carbon cycle. Although transcription factors and cell-cell signaling components regulating stomatal development have been identified, it remains unclear as to how their regulatory interactions are translated into two-dimensional patterns of stomatal initial cells. Using molecular genetics, imaging, and…
  • Allelic Spectra of Risk SNPs Are Different for Environment/Lifestyle Dependent versus Independent Diseases

    Ivan P. Gorlov et al.
    22 Jul 2015 | 2:00 pm
    by Ivan P. Gorlov, Olga Y. Gorlova, Christopher I. Amos Genome-wide association studies (GWAS) have generated sufficient data to assess the role of selection in shaping allelic diversity of disease-associated SNPs. Negative selection against disease risk variants is expected to reduce their frequencies making them overrepresented in the group of minor (
  • A Novel Locus Harbouring a Functional CD164 Nonsense Mutation Identified in a Large Danish Family with Nonsyndromic Hearing Impairment

    Mette Nyegaard et al.
    21 Jul 2015 | 2:00 pm
    by Mette Nyegaard, Nanna D. Rendtorff, Morten S. Nielsen, Thomas J. Corydon, Ditte Demontis, Anna Starnawska, Anne Hedemand, Annalisa Buniello, Francesco Niola, Michael T. Overgaard, Suzanne M. Leal, Wasim Ahmad, Friedrik P. Wikman, Kirsten B. Petersen, Dorthe G. Crüger, Jaap Oostrik, Hannie Kremer, Niels Tommerup, Morten Frödin, Karen P. Steel, Lisbeth Tranebjærg, Anders D. Børglum Nonsyndromic hearing impairment (NSHI) is a highly heterogeneous condition with more than eighty known causative genes. However, in the clinical setting, a large number of NSHI families have unexplained…
  • Large-Scale Phenomics Identifies Primary and Fine-Tuning Roles for CRKs in Responses Related to Oxidative Stress

    Gildas Bourdais et al.
    21 Jul 2015 | 2:00 pm
    by Gildas Bourdais, Paweł Burdiak, Adrien Gauthier, Lisette Nitsch, Jarkko Salojärvi, Channabasavangowda Rayapuram, Niina Idänheimo, Kerri Hunter, Sachie Kimura, Ebe Merilo, Aleksia Vaattovaara, Krystyna Oracz, David Kaufholdt, Andres Pallon, Damar Tri Anggoro, Dawid Glów, Jennifer Lowe, Ji Zhou, Omid Mohammadi, Tuomas Puukko, Andreas Albert, Hans Lang, Dieter Ernst, Hannes Kollist, Mikael Brosché, Jörg Durner, Jan Willem Borst, David B. Collinge, Stanisław Karpiński, Michael F. Lyngkjær, Silke Robatzek, Michael Wrzaczek, Jaakko Kangasjärvi, on behalf of the CRK Consortium…
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    PLOS ONE Alerts: New Articles

  • Estimating the Number of Heterosexual Persons in the United States to Calculate National Rates of HIV Infection

    Amy Lansky et al.
    27 Jul 2015 | 2:00 pm
    by Amy Lansky, Christopher Johnson, Emeka Oraka, Catlainn Sionean, M. Patricia Joyce, Elizabeth DiNenno, Nicole Crepaz Background This study estimated the proportions and numbers of heterosexuals in the United States (U.S.) to calculate rates of heterosexually acquired human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection. Quantifying the burden of disease can inform effective prevention planning and resource allocation. Methods Heterosexuals were defined as males and females who ever had sex with an opposite-sex partner and excluded those with other HIV risks: persons who ever injected drugs and…
  • Comparative Proteomics of Activated THP-1 Cells Infected with Mycobacterium tuberculosis Identifies Putative Clearance Biomarkers for Tuberculosis Treatment

    Benjawan Kaewseekhao et al.
    27 Jul 2015 | 2:00 pm
    by Benjawan Kaewseekhao, Vivek Naranbhai, Sittiruk Roytrakul, Wises Namwat, Atchara Paemanee, Viraphong Lulitanond, Angkana Chaiprasert, Kiatichai Faksri Biomarkers for determining clearance of Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Mtb) infection during anti-tuberculosis therapy or following exposure could facilitate enhanced monitoring and treatment. We screened for biomarkers indicating clearance of Mtb infection in vitro. A comparative proteomic analysis was performed using GeLC MSI/MS. Intracellular and secreted proteomes from activated THP-1 cells infected with the Mtb H37Rv strain (MOI = 1) and…
  • Pneumococal Surface Protein A (PspA) Regulates Programmed Death Ligand 1 Expression on Dendritic Cells in a Toll-Like Receptor 2 and Calcium Dependent Manner

    Mohit Vashishta et al.
    27 Jul 2015 | 2:00 pm
    by Mohit Vashishta, Naeem Khan, Subhash Mehto, Devinder Sehgal, Krishnamurthy Natarajan Pneumonia leads to high mortality in children under the age of five years worldwide, resulting in close to 20 percent of all deaths in this age group. Therefore, investigations into host-pathogen interactions during Streptococcus pneumoniae infection are key in devising strategies towards the development of better vaccines and drugs. To that end, in this study we investigated the role of S. pneumoniae and its surface antigen Pneumococcal surface protein A (PspA) in modulating the expression of…
  • A Quantitative Analysis of Undisclosed Conflicts of Interest in Pharmacology Textbooks

    Brian J. Piper et al.
    27 Jul 2015 | 2:00 pm
    by Brian J. Piper, Hassenet M. Telku, Drew A. Lambert Background Disclosure of potential conflicts of interest (CoI) is a standard practice for many biomedical journals but not for educational materials. The goal of this investigation was to determine whether the authors of pharmacology textbooks have undisclosed financial CoIs and to identify author characteristics associated with CoIs. Methods and Findings The presence of potential CoIs was evaluated by submitting author names (N = 403; 36.3% female) to a patent database (Google Scholar) as well as a database that reports on the…
  • Vaccination against IL-33 Inhibits Airway Hyperresponsiveness and Inflammation in a House Dust Mite Model of Asthma

    Ying Lei et al.
    27 Jul 2015 | 2:00 pm
    by Ying Lei, Vamsi Boinapally, Anna Zoltowska, Mikael Adner, Lars Hellman, Gunnar Nilsson In several clinical and experimental studies IL-33 and its receptor have been found to play important roles in the development of asthma and allergic airway inflammation. We evaluated the effects of vaccination against IL-33 in a mouse model of airway inflammation induced by house dust mite (HDM) allergen. Balb/c mice received the IL-33 vaccine subcutaneously, followed by intranasal administration of HDM for up to six weeks. Vaccination against IL-33 induced high titers of specific anti-IL-33 IgG…
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    PLOS Neglected Tropical Diseases: New Articles

  • Comparison of the Mitochondrial Genomes and Steady State Transcriptomes of Two Strains of the Trypanosomatid Parasite, Leishmania tarentolae

    Larry Simpson et al.
    23 Jul 2015 | 2:00 pm
    by Larry Simpson, Stephen M. Douglass, James A. Lake, Matteo Pellegrini, Feng Li U-insertion/deletion RNA editing is a post-transcriptional mitochondrial RNA modification phenomenon required for viability of trypanosomatid parasites. Small guide RNAs encoded mainly by the thousands of catenated minicircles contain the information for this editing. We analyzed by NGS technology the mitochondrial genomes and transcriptomes of two strains, the old lab UC strain and the recently isolated LEM125 strain. PacBio sequencing provided complete minicircle sequences which avoided the assembly problem of…
  • Quantification of Leishmania (Viannia) Kinetoplast DNA in Ulcers of Cutaneous Leishmaniasis Reveals Inter-site and Inter-sampling Variability in Parasite Load

    Milagros Suárez et al.
    23 Jul 2015 | 2:00 pm
    by Milagros Suárez, Braulio M. Valencia, Marlene Jara, Milena Alba, Andrea K. Boggild, Jean-Claude Dujardin, Alejandro Llanos-Cuentas, Jorge Arevalo, Vanessa Adaui Background Cutaneous leishmaniasis (CL) is a skin disease caused by the protozoan parasite Leishmania. Few studies have assessed the influence of the sample collection site within the ulcer and the sampling method on the sensitivity of parasitological and molecular diagnostic techniques for CL. Sensitivity of the technique can be dependent upon the load and distribution of Leishmania amastigotes in the lesion.
  • Schistosoma mansoni Eggs in Spleen and Lungs, Mimicking Other Diseases

    Federico Gobbi et al.
    23 Jul 2015 | 2:00 pm
    by Federico Gobbi, Giulia Martelli, Luciano Attard, Dora Buonfrate, Andrea Angheben, Valentina Marchese, Laura Bortesi, Maria Gobbo, Elisa Vanino, Pierluigi Viale, Zeno Bisoffi
  • Application of wMelPop Wolbachia Strain to Crash Local Populations of Aedes aegypti

    Scott A. Ritchie et al.
    23 Jul 2015 | 2:00 pm
    by Scott A. Ritchie, Michael Townsend, Chris J. Paton, Ashley G. Callahan, Ary A. Hoffmann The endosymbiotic bacteria Wolbachia pipientis (wMel strain) has been successfully established in several populations of Aedes aegypti, the primary dengue vector. The virulent Wolbachia strain wMelPop is known to cause several pathological impacts (increased egg mortality, life shortening, etc.) reducing overall fitness in the mosquito Ae. aegypti. Increased egg mortality could substantially reduce egg banks in areas with a lengthy monsoonal dry season, and be employed to eliminate local populations. We…
  • Histamine 1 Receptor Blockade Enhances Eosinophil-Mediated Clearance of Adult Filarial Worms

    Ellen Mueller Fox et al.
    23 Jul 2015 | 2:00 pm
    by Ellen Mueller Fox, Christopher P. Morris, Marc P. Hübner, Edward Mitre Filariae are tissue-invasive nematodes that cause diseases such as elephantiasis and river blindness. The goal of this study was to characterize the role of histamine during Litomosoides sigmodontis infection of BALB/c mice, a murine model of filariasis. Time course studies demonstrated that while expression of histidine decarboxylase mRNA increases throughout 12 weeks of infection, serum levels of histamine exhibit two peaks—one 30 minutes after primary infection and one 8 weeks later. Interestingly, mice treated…
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  • In Africa's 'cradle,' an old fossil site yields new finds

    27 Jul 2015 | 9:47 am
    KROMDRAAI, South Africa (Reuters) - Crouched in a shallow square grid dug into the red African earth, American graduate student Sarah Edlund uses a hand brush to scrape soil into a dustpan.
  • NASA spacecraft shows Pluto wrapped in haze, ice flows

    24 Jul 2015 | 2:00 pm
    CAPE CANAVERAL, Fla. (Reuters) - A stunning silhouette of Pluto taken by NASA’s New Horizons spacecraft after it shot past the icy orb last week show an extensive layer of atmospheric haze, while close-up pictures of the ground reveal flows of nitrogen ice, scientists said on Friday.
  • Scientists control mouse brain by remote control

    24 Jul 2015 | 10:54 am
    Scientists have successfully altered the neural networks of laboratory mice using a wireless controller; allowing them to study the effects of neural stimulation without invasive procedures and without test subjects tethered by wires.
  • Unmanned Delta rocket blasts off with U.S. military satellite

    23 Jul 2015 | 6:17 pm
    CAPE CANAVERAL, Fla. (Reuters) - An upgraded Delta 4 rocket delivered a $445 million U.S. military communications satellite into orbit on Thursday, the seventh member of a planned network of 10 satellites.
  • Astronomers discover most Earth-like planet yet

    23 Jul 2015 | 2:25 pm
    CAPE CANAVERAL, Fla. (Reuters) - A planet believed to be remarkably similar to Earth has been discovered orbiting a distant sun-like star, bolstering hopes of finding life elsewhere in the universe, U.S. scientists said on Thursday.
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    Dave Bradley's Tech Talk

  • Logging in without a password

    David Bradley
    3 Jul 2015 | 1:50 am
    Martin B on gHacks recently reported on how the popular site Medium (my Medium page) has added another login option that avoids using passwords. You sign up with your email address, the site sends you a link which logs you in, you set up your profile and start contributing, when you’re done you logout. Next time you want to login, you enter your email address and it sends you a login link and so on… It’s funny though, I’ve been using this approach for other sites for several years as a way to not have to remember or store passwords for those sites. If the site has a…
  • What your twitter bio says about you

    David Bradley
    26 Jun 2015 | 2:54 am
    I am endlessly fascinated by the stream of new followers on twitter. Many are scammers, some are spammers, others claim to be gurus (SEO, marketing, usually), some proclaim their love of some imaginery friend in the sky, others have bios that are just bizarre, full of typos, misconceptions and such. Here are a few of the more meaningless ones recently: “i love frienship” – Just the concept? “It’s really true. no body is not perfect lied the life before die.” – double negative “bio”, “bio”, “bio” – nothing?
  • Finding birds with Google Photos

    David Bradley
    19 Jun 2015 | 12:10 am
    The new iteration of Google that now lets you upload your complete photo archive, provided your happy for it to apply some compression to the images has a very powerful search feature. Tap ina keyword “birds”, “dogs”, “guitars”, “concerts”…anything really and it will do an amazing job of finding all your photos that match. The example below is pretty good finding different kinds of birds in my photos in different postures and with diverse backgrounds in the photos. There are some oddities. It’s algorithm, sees that brush and that…
  • Don’t save your passwords

    David Bradley
    18 Jun 2015 | 4:18 am
    In the wake of another hack of well-known password manager LastPass, I’ve decided to stop using the online password vault service, despite their reassurances about the safety of my data. Yes, this time I trust what they’re saying, unless you used a stupid, simple password, like “iluvyou”, “1234567890”, “p@55w0rd” or similar, you should be safe. Nevertheless, you should definitely change your master password to something strong and even if you did have a strong password you should change it to something strong and unique in the wake of the hack.
  • Your memories on Facebook

    David Bradley
    15 Jun 2015 | 2:46 am
    If you post photos to Facebook, you may have spotted they have a little featurette called “Your memories on Facebook” that highlights some happy snap from your time using the social network site…you know that great, gig, your wedding, the time you photographed the council maintenance team fixing potholes outside your house! At least you get a choice as to whether your Facebook friends see the post…I don’t think I’ll be sharing this happy event. #GoodTimes Related Posts:Remove your name from Facebook social adsWolframAlpha gets all in your FacebookWhen I die…
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  • Visual introduction to machine learning

    Nathan Yau
    28 Jul 2015 | 12:26 am
    What is machine learning? It sounds like a bunch of computers get together in the library on Tuesdays and study during all-nighters. It's not quite that. Stephanie Yee and Tony Chu provide a really good visual explanation of the computer science subfield. The vertical scroller should clear up some misconceptions. The great thing about it is that it walks you through a basic example and shows you step-by-step what's actually happing when a machine "learns." The transitions through each step keep you tied into what happens. Give it a go. This is the first part of an experiment to explain…
  • Million dollar blocks and the cost of incarceration

    Nathan Yau
    27 Jul 2015 | 10:36 am
    Incarceration costs a lot of money. We know this, sort of. But how much really? Million Dollar Blocks, by Daniel Cooper and Ryan Lugalia-Hollon, estimates the cost in Chicago, down to the block level. The map is based on data obtained by the Chicago Justice Project from the Cook County Circuit Court. It represents all adult convictions between the years of 2005-2009. For each conviction, we have data for what the offense was, the length of the sentence, and the offender's residential address. We derive dollar amounts from sentence lengths. Our cost assumption is that, on average, the Illinois…
  • Twitter bot generates biographies via Census data

    Nathan Yau
    27 Jul 2015 | 4:30 am
    We usually see Census data in aggregate. It comes in choropleth maps or as statistics about various subpopulations and geographies. Is there value in seeing the numbers as individuals? What about the people behind the numbers? FiveThirtyEight intern Jia Zhang experiments on Twitter. [I] built a Twitter bot that mines for details in the data. Called censusAmericans, it tweets short biographies of Americans based on data they provided to the U.S. Census Bureau between 2009 and 2013. Using a small Python program, the bot reconstitutes numbers and codes from the data into mini-narratives. Once an…
  • Fudging the crime statistics and police misconduct

    Nathan Yau
    24 Jul 2015 | 8:27 am
    CompStat is a program that started in the New York Police Department, and several other departments have implemented it since. Officers are held accountable by tracking crime over time. Crime goes up, based on the data, and you can ask why. It seems like a fine idea, but problems arise when humans game the system to fill quotas. FiveThirtyEight highlights one such case within the NYPD. Garbage in, garbage out, as they say. Tags: FiveThirtyEight, police
  • Ascent in the Tour de France

    Nathan Yau
    24 Jul 2015 | 3:22 am
    I was flipping through the channels the other night and happened on the Tour de France. It's cycling, in case you're unfamiliar, and it's not the most interesting sport to watch. But when you get a sense of what these athletes are actually doing — how fast they ride, how high they climb — it's a whole lot more impressive. The Guardian put together a wide view of one of the major climbs, up Alpe d'Huez, to help you see. My legs are tired just thinking about it. Tags: cycling, Guardian, sports, Tour de France
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    Science Daily

  • Reshaping the solar spectrum to turn light into electricity

    27 Jul 2015 | 3:02 pm
    Solar energy could be made cheaper if solar cells could be coaxed to generate more power. A huge gain in this direction has been made by a team of chemists that has found an ingenious way to make solar energy conversion more efficient. The researchers combined inorganic semiconductor nanocrystals with organic molecules to 'upconvert' photons in the visible and near-infrared regions of the solar spectrum.
  • Cataclysmic event of a certain age

    27 Jul 2015 | 3:02 pm
    At the end of the Pleistocene period, approximately 12,800 years ago­ — give or take a few centuries — a cosmic impact triggered an abrupt cooling episode that earth scientists refer to as the Younger Dryas. New research has narrowed the date to a 100-year range, sometime between 12,835 and 12,735 years ago.
  • Experimental drug treatment for Rett syndrome suggests disorder is reversible, mouse study shows

    27 Jul 2015 | 3:02 pm
    A strikingly new approach for treating Rett syndrome has been developed by scientists, a devastating autism spectrum disorder. In their report, the researchers demonstrate that treatment with small-molecule drug candidates significantly extends lifespan in male mice that model Rett and ameliorates several behavioral symptoms in females.
  • Flow means 'go' for proper lymph system development

    27 Jul 2015 | 3:02 pm
    The lymph system provides a slow flow of fluid from tissues into the blood. It returns fluid and proteins that leak from blood vessels, provides passage for immune cells from the tissues to the blood, and hosts key niches for immune cells. How this system develops hasn't been well understood, but now researchers have found from that the early flow of lymph fluid is a critical factor in the development of mature lymphatic vessels.
  • Closing roads to save tigers

    27 Jul 2015 | 12:38 pm
    A logging company has agreed to begin dismantling abandoned logging roads currently being used by poachers to access prime Amur (Siberian) tiger habitat in the Russian Far East.
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    The Why Files

  • Australian “dragon.” If it’s hot, eggs hatch with female genitalia but male genetics.

    2 Jul 2015 | 2:08 pm
    Australian "dragon." If it's hot, eggs hatch with female genitalia but male genetics. ENLARGE The Australian central bearded dragon is widespread in the semi-arid open woodlands of eastern Australia. They feed on leaves, fruits and insects and spend most of their time in shrubs or trees. They also make a popular house pet due to their hardiness. Photo: Arthur Georges As if climate change doesn’t bring enough to worry about, now comes word that it's affecting the sex of newborn lizards in Australia, and could even make males extinct. "A boy or a girl?" is the classic post-partum question. In…
  • How baboons decide

    18 Jun 2015 | 11:06 am
    How baboons decide Seen resting in the shade, this troop of Kenyan baboons was tracked to show the group dynamics related to route choices. Photo: Rob Nelson Baboons live in highly structured groups gathering fruits, nuts, even meat. The alpha male gets the females, until he is deposed by a younger competitor. So we were surprised to learn that when they forage across the countryside in Kenya, their decisions are "democratic." If Roger moves North and Alice moves northeast, Sandra is likely to split the difference, and head north-northeast. But if Ann joins Roger both move to the north,…
  • Eurasia’s genetic landscape unraveled

    11 Jun 2015 | 11:24 am
    Eurasia's genetic landscape unraveled This Yamnaya skull from the Samara region, north of the Caspian Sea in Russia, was colored with red ochre. Credit: Natalia Shishlina. After an unprecedented genetic analysis of ancient human specimens from Europe and Asia, archeologists have pinned many modern genetic and linguistic patterns across the region on the Yamnaya, a poorly known population that originated in Central Asia. The study explains a number of mysteries, says corresponding author Eske Willerslev of the University of Copenhagen. What were the major influences for the broadest genetic…
  • Sleep: It can enhance memories!

    29 May 2015 | 1:20 pm
    Sleep: It can enhance memories! A lesson on hysteria by André Brouillet,1887. For centuries, sleep and sleep-like states have been exploited for therapeutic, neurologic (and sometimes insidious) gains. This painting, which Sigmund Freud took back with him to Vienna following studies with Jean Martin Charcot, shows Charcot (to the right of the hypnotized woman), pioneer of neurology at the hospital ‘la Salpetriere’ in Paris. Erich Lessing/Art Resource, NY Take a nap with certain sound clips playing softly, and emerge a better person? Seems too good to be true… But we have just read…
  • New species explore biological limits

    20 May 2015 | 1:30 pm
    New species explore biological limits The inch-long sea slug Phyllodesmium acanthorhinum is a "missing link" between sea slugs that feed on hydroids (small predators related to jellyfish) and on corals. This beauty lives in Japanese waters. Photograph: Robert Bolland About 18,000 species are named every year — adding to nearly 2 million that have already gotten a name. On May 21, the International Institute of Species Exploration at the SUNY College of Environmental Science and Forestry released its latest list of top-10 new species. As the institute said via press release, the goal is…
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  • Strong earthquake rocks Indonesia's Papua province

    28 Jul 2015 | 1:50 am
    A strong earthquake struck Indonesia's easternmost province of Papua early Tuesday panicking people with at least one teenager missing after possibly drowning in a river. Several buildings and houses were either destroyed or damaged.
  • Baidu shares dive on earnings miss

    28 Jul 2015 | 1:40 am
    Baidu shares skidded after the Chinese Internet colossus reported earnings shy of most market expectations.
  • Microsoft launches Windows 10: Here's what that means

    28 Jul 2015 | 1:20 am
    Microsoft's new Windows 10 operating system debuts Wednesday, as the longtime leader in PC software struggles to carve out a new role in a world where people increasingly rely on smartphones, tablets and information stored online.
  • Researcher to talk at Black Hat on 'scary' area in Android

    28 Jul 2015 | 1:10 am
    Does that cute little green robotic creature with two ear-sticks call up feelings of an open, friendly mobile operating system, aka Android? Wow, Monday stories were not about how cute and adorable is that little green creature. Wow, these are no small numbers.
  • Gossip site Gawker looks to turn over a new leaf

    28 Jul 2015 | 1:10 am
    Gawker says it will rethink its ethics policies following turmoil over an article about an executive's private life, in what could be a turning point for the popular news and gossip website.
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    Science News Headlines - Yahoo News

  • Scientist: Whale deaths off Alaska island remains mystery

    27 Jul 2015 | 5:41 pm
    ANCHORAGE, Alaska (AP) — Researchers may never solve the recent deaths of 18 endangered whales whose carcasses were found floating near Alaska's Kodiak Island, a scientist working on the case said Monday.
  • Stephen Hawking on Reddit: Ask Him a Question on Artificial Intelligence

    27 Jul 2015 | 2:24 pm
    For the next nine days, Stephen Hawking will be taking the Internet's queries about all things related to artificial intelligence (AI). Hawking is answering questions via Reddit's "Ask Me Anything" (AMA) series — a question-and-answer session that other popular scientists, such as Neil deGrasse Tyson and Bill Nye, have previously hosted. Reddit users can start submitting their questions for Hawking today (July 27) and can continue to do so until next Tuesday (Aug. 4) at 8 a.m. EDT.
  • Ban Killer Robots Before They Take Over, Stephen Hawking & Elon Musk Say

    27 Jul 2015 | 1:25 pm
    A global arms race to make artificial-intelligence-based autonomous weapons is almost sure to occur unless nations can ban the development of such weapons, several scientists warn. The letter, which was issued by the Future of Life organization, is being presented today (July 27) at the International Joint Conference On Artificial Intelligence in Buenos Aires, Argentina. "The key question for humanity today is whether to start a global AI arms race or to prevent it from starting.
  • Exoplanet Finds Keep Rolling in from Kepler Spacecraft Despite Glitch

    27 Jul 2015 | 12:49 pm
    NASA's planet-hunting Kepler space telescope continues to zero in on the first "alien Earth" despite being hobbled by a malfunction more than two years ago. Last Thursday (July 23), mission scientists announced the discovery of Kepler-452b, which they and NASA officials described as the most Earth-like exoplanet yet found. Kepler-452b "is the closest thing that we have to another place that somebody else might call home," Jon Jenkins, Kepler data analysis lead at NASA’s Ames Research Center in Moffett Field, California, said during a news conference Thursday.
  • Strange Bright Spots on Ceres Create Mini-Atmosphere on Dwarf Planet

    27 Jul 2015 | 12:49 pm
    The investigation into the dwarf planet Ceres' mysterious bright spots has taken an intriguing new twist. The famous bright spots at the bottom of Ceres' Occator crater appear to be sublimating material into space, creating a localized atmosphere within the walls of the 57-mile-wide (92 kilometers) hole in the ground, new observations by NASA's Dawn spacecraft suggest. "If you look at a glancing angle, you can see what seems to be haze, and it comes back in a regular pattern," Dawn principal investigator Christopher Russell, of UCLA, said during a presentation…
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    Bitesize Bio

  • The Multi-skilled Scientist: Key Skills for All Scientists to Master

    Jashan Gokal
    27 Jul 2015 | 2:00 am
    Although bench work is an integral part of becoming a successful scientist, it is by no means the only part of it. It is often the uncredited skill set possessed by many seasoned scientists that make them so valuable to employers and to further research. In this article I will highlight the less obvious skills required to be a successful scientist (and ways to hone these skills). Coaching Often as a grad student you are tasked with training your juniors, whether by your own volition or not. Think like a coach drilling a team to accomplish their tasks without damaging themselves, others, and…
  • Getting Started with a Job in Science Communication

    Amanda Freise
    27 Jul 2015 | 2:00 am
    As a graduate student or PhD scientist you are likely to be surrounded by plenty of career advice and options – that is, if you’re interested in a career in academic research or the biotechnology and pharmaceutical industries. Those of us who aren’t sold on either of those fields are left wondering what other career paths are available. One field, which has received little attention by most faculty and institutional career centers in the past, is science communication (SciComm). Briefly, a job in SciComm involves you communicating science, typically to laypeople but sometimes even to…
  • Herzenberg and the Invention of the FACS Machine

    Catriona Paul
    21 Jul 2015 | 2:00 am
    The flow cytometer that we have all grown to know and love may have only come into its own in the 1990’s, but who would have known that the first cell sorter was invented as early as the 1950’s? With the recent death of one of the key developers of fluorescence activated cell sorting (FACS), Leonard Herzenberg, it seems like a good time for an article revisiting his contributions to the invention of the FACS* machine. But first, we’ll start with a quick overview of the process before we delve into the history lesson. A quick overview of FACS FACS is a specialized type of flow cytometry…
  • How to Optimize Your Western Blot Transfers

    21 Jul 2015 | 2:00 am
    So, you’ve done your experiment, prepped your samples, and run your SDS-PAGE gel.  Now it’s time for the all-important transfer step, that tricky point that will determine the quality of your Western blot. Transfer times are empirical and based on your own particular samples, which means that there is no easy way to determine how long you need to run the transfer in order to get complete transfer of all your proteins.  Instead, you will need to optimize the transfer time and conditions for yourself, based on the equipment you use and the proteins you are working with. So how do you know…
  • 8 Basic Points to Remember Before Expressing Proteins in Bacterial Systems

    Shoa Naqvi
    20 Jul 2015 | 2:00 am
    As a protein biochemist and a Ph.D. student, I was given the task to express a eukaryotic protein in a bacterial system. And to say that I was having a hard time would be an understatement. It took me many PCRs, cloning and transformations to get to the right construct that would eventually express the desired protein. After spending a good two years in the dark room developing western blots that showed me nothing but the molecular weight marker or the biotinylated protein bands from bacteria, the first time I saw a faint band of my protein was undoubtedly a day of extreme euphoria. I learnt…
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  • Science News: Three Easy Ways to Go Green When Going Back to School

    3 Jul 2015 | 7:12 pm
    (BPT) – It’s that time of year when millions of students will be shopping for back-to-school and purchasing the latest technology and electronic devices. Many of these popular items like smartphones, tablets and laptops use rechargeable batteries that contain materials that are potentially harmful to the environment and should never be thrown into the trash. As technology advances and new electronics debut, students will replace old gadgets with new and exciting ones. The rechargeable batteries from these old gadgets should be recycled so that they do not end up in landfills.
  • Vinegaroon: a Species of The Whip Scorpion

    3 Jun 2015 | 9:25 pm
    I grew up on the edge of a small town surrounded by cotton fields so I got used to creepy crawly bugs and things at an early age.  I thought it was normal to have to shoo out giant water bugs, spiders and Vinegaroons.  It wasn’t till I moved to the city with my boyfriend that I realized not everyone is aware of the things that crawl out of a cotton field on a regular basis.  Vinegaroons are extremely common in my hometown and I thought they were common knowledge here in all of West Texas, but I found out I was wrong when my boyfriend told me that the only time he may…
  • The Effects of Cyber Bullying

    28 Jan 2015 | 5:02 pm
    Cyber Bullying has become an increasingly larger problem as more and more children and teenagers have full access to cell phones and computers.  When I was eight years old I was playing with dolls and climbing trees.  I didn’t know anything about technology beyond the original Nintendo. Eight year olds today have smart phones and internet access and with or without proper parenting this leaves them vulnerable to cyber bullies. FORMS OF CYBER BULLYING Cyber Bullying can come in many forms.  The most common form is sending mean or threatening messages through email or text…
  • Home Improvement Advice: Simple Updates Make Homes Environmentally Friendly

    24 Jun 2014 | 6:13 pm
      (BPT) – Green living not only helps the environment, it helps your pocketbook. When making upgrades to your home – whether it’s replacing a light bulb or a total living room makeover – incorporate energy-efficient and repurposed materials to make your living space more environmentally friendly. Emily J. Reynolds, an interior design faculty member at The Art Institute of Raleigh-Durham, a campus of South University, encourages green living through reuse of existing materials. “There is a special feeling you get when you see a piece of furniture by the…
  • Science News: Live Cool for Less at Home

    12 Jun 2014 | 10:32 am
    (BPT) – Don’t sweat it if your home doesn’t have central air-conditioning. Whether you live in an older house that can’t accommodate ductwork, or you don’t want to sacrifice your interior aesthetics with an unattractive air conditioning unit, you can still keep your home feeling – and looking – cool this summer with advanced air conditioning technology. Homeowners without central AC often choose to cool their home with air-conditioners that are clunky, inefficient and downright ugly. Fortunately, you can find higher quality, more attractive ways to…
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    ZME Science

  • Breathtaking Firebreathing Photography by Alin Ivanov

    Mihai Andrei
    27 Jul 2015 | 3:19 pm
    Firebreathing is a beautiful and dangerous form of art – it’s dazzled people since the middle ages, and continues to do so to this day. Here, Romanian photographer Alin Ivanov captured it in all its magic, on the sandy shore of the Black Sea. “I watched him [the firebreather] perform for three nights, and it was amazing. It was mesmerizing,
  • Scientists find a way to transform cells into tiny lasers

    Mihai Andrei
    27 Jul 2015 | 12:44 pm
    Scientists have created a mixture of oil and fluorescent dyes that can be safely added to human cells – the dye then gets activated by short pulses of light and starts behaving like a laser, communicating the tissue’s position to doctors. The technology could add new ways for light to be used in diagnosis and treatment medicine. The system was devised
  • Pluto is covered in ice and has an atmosphere, new pics reveal

    Dragos Mitrica
    27 Jul 2015 | 10:59 am
    New Horizons has sent over so much data that NASA will be analyzing and learning more about Pluto for over a year - such is the case now: these new images from New Horizons reveal flowing ice, impressive mountain ranges and a surprisingly thick atmosphere.
  • What is mass? Baby don’t weigh me – revamping the metrology of mass

    Alexandru Micu
    27 Jul 2015 | 10:20 am
    The metric system is due for a mass makeover, as scientists are preparing to redefine four basic units by the end of 2018 in an effort to provide accurate measurements at all scales. The shift will most notably affect the kilogram, the base measure of mass and the last member of the International System of Units still defined by a
  • Fat is recognized as the sixth basic taste, but it’s awful on its own

    Tibi Puiu
    27 Jul 2015 | 9:18 am
    Distilling tastes and flavors to their most basic constituents is essential to making food the tastiest it can be. We currently know of five basic tastes: sweet, sour, salty, bitter and the somewhat hard to pin down umami (think savory or anchovies, tomato juice, the likes). Now, a group claims it has pinned down the sixth: fat. Bacon lovers throughout the world might rejoice at the news. However, if you like bacon you should feel grateful you didn't take part in this study because isolated fat molecules are reportedly awful tasting. Distinct yes, but quite awful. In fact, to distinguish from…
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  • Mark Your Calendars for these events happening at HMNS 7/27-8/2

    26 Jul 2015 | 6:00 pm
    Bust out your planners, calendars, and PDAs (if you are throwback like that), it’s time to mark your calendars for the HMNS events of this week!  Rocket Day At The George Observatory!Saturday, August 110:00 a.m. – 12:00 p.mBring your junior Rocket enthusiasts out for a day of rocket launches and a mission to the Moon! Kids learn about rockets and how they work, build a water rocket and then launch it. After the launches, we blast into space aboard the S.S. Observer for a simulated spaceflight. NEW Planetarium Film – Starry Night Express: To Pluto!Embark on a live tour of the…
  • Wanda Hall: Being Natural

    26 Jul 2015 | 4:00 am
    The first things all visitors to the Houston Museum of Natural Science see are an 8,000-pound amethyst geode from Uruguay in the lobby and the smiling face of Wanda Hall. And she wouldn’t want it any other way. Security guard Wanda Hall can be found in the lobby between the parking garage and the gift shop, greeting guests with her wide smile. Hall became the front line security guard in July 2014. Hall has been with HMNS for three years, joining the security staff in 2012 right after the opening of the Dan L. Duncan Family Wing. She began by patrolling the brand new Morian Hall of…
  • Educator How-to: Make an Anubis mask!

    24 Jul 2015 | 4:00 am
    Anubis is the Greek name for the “jackal-headed” god associated with death and the rituals of mummification in Ancient Egypt. Anubis’ color is black, symbolizing rebirth, which parallels the belief that the deceased is, in fact, reborn in the afterlife. Ancient Egyptian cartonnage Anubis mask. Over time, Anubis played several roles in funerary rituals, from protector of the grave to head embalmer, and advocated for the deceased in the Weighing of the Heart ceremony. A mask, like the one pictured below, was worn by the priest performing the Opening of the Mouth ceremony and other funeral…
  • Air, sharks, and robots: Copywriter Jason goes to summer camp

    22 Jul 2015 | 10:01 am
    What do you get when you throw a 30-year-old copywriter into a summer camp classroom full of 10-year-olds? Sticking out like an aqua-colored sore thumb in Karen Culbertson’s “Leonardo’s Workshop” class at Xplorations Summer Camp. Photo by: Mary Martha Meyer-Hill A lot of weird looks and kids asking, “Miss, does he actually think he’s 10 years old? Is that why he’s here?” That, and an aqua T-shirt. Since Xplorations Summer Camp is in its final swing at the end of this summer (only two weeks left after this one!), I decided it was time I looked…
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    Distillations Blog

  • This monochrome liquor advertisement is a distant ancestor of...

    23 Jul 2015 | 11:02 am
    This monochrome liquor advertisement is a distant ancestor of the screens found in most of today’s televisions, cell phones, and laptops. These devices use compounds called liquid crystals to modulate light, a technology essential to the creation of thin electronic displays. This artifact from the early 1970s represents one of the first attempts to transform the liquid crystal display (LCD) into a commercially useful technology. In a sense it is less a picture frame than a window into the history of electronic innovation.Find more about the early days of LCD technology in the latest issue…
  • A Family Portrait of the Solar System

    17 Jul 2015 | 11:55 am
    Shortly before 8 a.m. on Tuesday morning, NASA’s New Horizons mission reached Pluto. Nearly...
  • Research based on identical twins separated at birth often...

    15 Jul 2015 | 4:09 pm
    Research based on identical twins separated at birth often raises uncomfortable questions about how much of human identity is shaped by DNA. Some twins end up marrying partners with the same first name. Others vote for the same political party, watch the same amount of TV, and smoke the same brand of cigarettes. Heredity appears to beat out environment most of the time.But what if instead of two twins being separated at birth, a nurse in a hospital mistakenly swapped one brother in a set of identical twins for another brother in a completely different set of identical twins? This actually…
  • Distillations Podcast Turns 200

    9 Jul 2015 | 4:08 pm
    This is Distillations’s 200th episode, and we’re celebrating! We pored through hundreds of shows and...
  • skunkbear: The mighty Tremoctopus. Behold! And here’s some...

    1 Jul 2015 | 11:55 am
    skunkbear: The mighty Tremoctopus. Behold! And here’s some folks reacting to the blanket octopus (on what appears to be a Japanese game show?): Here’s a strange thing that actually exists. Check out the latest issue of Distillations magazine for the history of even stranger creatures you can believe or not.
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    NOVA | PBS

  • Making North America

    21 Jul 2015 | 9:00 pm
    Host Kirk Johnson explores how the continent was shaped—and how it shaped us.
  • Hagfish Slime Fashion

    20 Jul 2015 | 9:00 pm
    Scientists think hagfish slime could be the next eco-friendly, high-performance material.
  • Softer, More Human Robots

    20 Jul 2015 | 9:00 pm
    Engineers are making robots more human by turning them entirely flexible, inside and out.
  • Why Planes Vanish

    20 Jul 2015 | 9:00 pm
    Can new technology prevent aircraft like Flight MH370 from disappearing without a trace?
  • Animal Minds: Birds

    19 Jul 2015 | 9:00 pm
    Birds that craft tools and pick locks are rewriting the rules of animal intelligence.
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    2020 Science

  • Can public engagement stunt academic careers?

    Andrew Maynard
    11 Jul 2015 | 7:55 am
    As an academic, I take public engagement seriously.  I see it as a responsibility that comes with the societally-sanctioned license to study the things that I’m passionate about.  And I consider it a privilege to interact with others who can inform what I do as well as potentially benefitting from it.  Yet I’d be the first to admit that engaging with non-academics isn’t exactly a badge of honor within the hallowed halls of academia. Mostly, this feeling that spending time talking with and listening to people who aren’t academically “institutionalized”…
  • Characterizing nanoparticles in the 1880’s

    Andrew Maynard
    5 Jul 2015 | 12:49 pm
    On May 29th, there were 52,000 nanoparticles per cubic centimeter of air measured at the top of the Eiffel Tower. This may not seem the most compelling opening to an article, until you realize that the measurement was made in 1889 - over 100 years before nanotechnology and nanoparticles began hitting headlines as one of the most talked about emerging technologies in recent decades. The particles were measured by the Scottish scientist John Aitken, using his newly developed device for counting airborne dust particles. The post Characterizing nanoparticles in the 1880’s appeared first on…
  • Politics don’t always play a role in attitudes toward science issues

    Andrew Maynard
    1 Jul 2015 | 9:03 am
    Comments provided for GENeS on the launch of the Pew Research Center attitudes survey on Americans, Politics and Science Issues (July 1 2015) Political leanings are frequently associated with attitudes toward science and technology in the U.S.  Yet as the most recent poll from the Pew Research Center on Americans, Politics and Science Issues shows, public attitudes toward science and technology depend on a far more diverse and complex set of factors. This latest survey uses tried and tested statistical approaches to assess the degree to which different factors predict attitudes toward…
  • A call to proactively support Women in Science

    Andrew Maynard
    17 Jun 2015 | 2:43 pm
    The past few decades have seen a substantial and positive shift in attitudes towards women in science and engineering.  And yet, they continue to face an uphill struggle against ingrained attitudes and actions that create barriers to having a full, rewarding, equitable, and respected career in fields encompassed by science, technology, engineering and math. Athene Donald – a long-time advocate of women in science, and Professor of Physics at the University of Cambridge Cavendish Laboratory – recently suggested that people commit to “taking one action, just one, in their…
  • Should indoor tanning be banned?

    Andrew Maynard
    10 Jun 2015 | 6:49 am
    Just how dangerous is indoor tanning? A couple of weeks ago, colleagues from the University of Michigan published an article with a rather stark recommendation: an immediate age limited ban on indoor tanning in all U.S. states, followed by a five-year phase-in ban for all commercial tanning. The post Should indoor tanning be banned? appeared first on 2020 Science.
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    Mr Science Show

  • Ep 157: Where to now for Cold Fusion?

    2 Jul 2015 | 5:03 pm
    Do you remember Cold Fusion? Remember when electrochemists Martin Fleischmann and Stanley Pons claimed to have achieved nuclear fusion in a bottle on a table in their lab in Utah? That was so 80s! Cold Fusion was quickly debunked and, apart from its appearance in a 1997 Val Kilmer Movie (The Saint), most people forgot about it. So it may surprise you to hear that Cold Fusion research continues to this day, with some “interesting” participants and some extraordinary and surprisingly persistent claims. The most recent International Conference on Cold Fusion (ICCF-19) was the largest yet…
  • Ep 156: Science for kids - home-made lava-lamp

    2 Jul 2015 | 3:00 am
    This Christmas break, I have been mucking around with science experiments for my kids. Here is the first of a few easy experiments you can try at home.The following videos show you how to make a home-made lava lamp. It is very simple - grab a clear cup (or bottle or vase or flask), fill it about a third full of water and two thirds full of oil. The oil floats on the water as it has a lower density. Add some food colouring (you can do this at the start directly to the water, or after you have added the oil - this has the added benefit of showing that the food colouring does not dissolve in the…
  • Farewell Darren

    25 Feb 2015 | 5:43 pm
    It is with great sadness that I let you know that my friend and co-Beer Drinking Scientist, Darren Osborne, passed away in January after a brave battle with brain cancer.I've put a few words up over on the BDS website, so I'll direct you over there if you would like to have a look or if you would like to make a charitable donation to the Cure Brain Cancer Foundation. The clips in this show might not be new to Mr Science Show listeners, but they are new to those who listened to BDS and are a nice collection of irreverent and ridiculous scientific conversations between us.
  • Science for kids - Slime

    14 Jan 2015 | 2:46 am
    Everyone likes slime! And it's easy to make, in its various forms.Cornflour Slime:All you need is cornflour (made from actual corn - maize - not the "wheaten" version you can get in Australia, which is made from wheat), water, some colouring, a bowl and a spoon. The process is: Pour cornflour into a bowl, Stir in small amounts of water until the cornflour becomes a thick paste. I prefer to have the water coloured at this point, as it helps to more effectively spread the colour throughout the slime.And that's it. Try stirring the slime slowly (should be easy) and then quickly (should be almost…
  • Science for kids - Elephant Toothpaste

    10 Jan 2015 | 12:41 am
    Gooey stuff is always pretty exciting for kids. This is called elephant toothpaste because, well, that's what it looks like. The experiment is fairly simple. The ingredients are:125ml 6% Hydrogen Peroxide (ask at the chemist)1 Sachet Dry Yeast (powder) + a few tablespoons of warm waterDetergentFood colouringEmpty bottleFunnelYou might want to wear gloves and goggles when handling the hydrogen peroxide. Add the hydrogen peroxide, a few drops of food colouring and a good squirt of detergent to the empty bottle, then swirl the mixture. Separately, combine the yeast with a few tablespoons of warm…
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    The Daily Galaxy --Great Discoveries Channel: Sci, Space, Tech

  • Today's 'Galaxy' Insight --The Search for Habitable Planets
    27 Jul 2015 | 9:44 am
    "Data from orbiting telescopes like NASA's Kepler Mission hint that the tally of habitable planets in our galaxy is many billion. If E.T.'s not out there, then Earth is more than merely special - it's some sort of miracle." Seth Shostak, Chief Astronomer, SETI Institute and  and author of Confessions of an Alien Hunter: A Scientist's Search for Extraterrestrial Intelligence. The image at the top of the page is an artist's concept that depicts one possible appearance of the planet Kepler-452b, the first near-Earth-size world to be found in the habitable zone of star that is similar to our…
  • "A Galaxy of Earth-like Planets" --The Kepler Mission Revolution
    27 Jul 2015 | 9:27 am
    It is estimated that there are millions of Earth-like planets in our Galaxy. However, most of these are out of our observational abilities for the coming decades, and probably many centuries. Only a small fraction of these planets, the ones that transit their star, are good enough for better characterization and to confirm their potential for life. This result suggests that there are over 8,500 transiting very Earth-like planets within reach of NASA Kepler-like missions, assuming the Kepler field is representative of all the sky. This sample is enough to occupy astronomers for many years. The…
  • Cosmic Winds Sweep Through Galaxies --"Creating the Last Generation of Stars"
    27 Jul 2015 | 8:42 am
    Astronomers have long known that powerful cosmic winds can sometimes blow through galaxies, sweeping out interstellar material and stopping future star formation. Now they have a clearer snapshot of how it happens. Now, a Yale University analysis based on Hubble images the Pillars of Creation and a spiral galaxy in the Coma cluster, located 300 million light years from Earth zeroes in on the effect of cosmic winds. It is the closest high-mass cluster to our solar system. Yale astronomer Jeffrey Kenney first saw the images two years ago and realized their possible significance in…
  • China Building World's Largest Radio Telescope--"Will Search for Intelligent Life Outside of Milky Way"
    24 Jul 2015 | 5:38 am
    "Having a more sensitive telescope, we can receive weaker and more distant radio messages," Wu Xiangping, director-general of the Chinese Astronomical Society, was reported as saying. "It will help us to search for intelligent life outside of the galaxy and explore the origins of the universe." China has started assembling the world's largest radio telescope, which will have a dish the size of 30 football pitches when completed, state media reported as Beijing steps up its ambitions in outer space. The five-hundred-metre Aperture Spherical Radio Telescope (FAST) nestles in a bowl-shaped…
  • Ripple at Edge of the Milky Way --"Reveals Veil of Dark Matter Cloaking a Dwarf Galaxy"
    24 Jul 2015 | 5:20 am
    A ripple in the outskirts of the Milky Way—and a hunch—led Rochester Institute of Technology astrophysicist Sukanya Chakrabarti to a previously undetected dwarf galaxy hidden under a veil of dark matter. Now Chakrabarti is refining her technique to uncover dwarf galaxies and understand dark matter by simulating the evolutionary histories of galactic disks, rich in atomic hydrogen, and their satellite populations. Chakrabarti’s study on these overlapping regions found in spiral galaxies, like the Milky Way, is funded by a three-year $325,053 grant from the National Science Foundation.
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    Science and Enterprise

  • FDA Clears Trial of Fibrosis Drug for Muscular Dystrophy

    27 Jul 2015 | 2:54 pm
    Cross-section of muscle tissue from a person with Duchenne muscular dystrophy shows extensive replacement of dark colored muscle fiber with light-colored adipose or fat cells. (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention) 24 July 2015. Biotechnology company Fibrogen Inc. says the U.S. Food and Drug Administration approved an application to test its fibrosis drug candidate in patients with Duchenne muscular dystrophy. The company says FDA’s approval was part of a new drug application for its candidate, code-named FG-3019, already in intermediate-stage clinical trials as a therapy for…
  • Allergan Acquires Depression Therapy Developer for $560M

    27 Jul 2015 | 8:40 am
    (Lloyd Morgan, Flickr) 27 July 2015. Pharmaceutical maker Allergan plc is acquiring Naurex Inc., a designer of fast-acting therapies for depression and other neurological disorders, for $560 million. The deal covers Naurex’s products now in clinical trials, with the company’s technology platform and preclinical research spun-off into a new enterprise. Naurex, a spin-off company from Northwestern University in Evanston, Illinois, develops drugs for diseases of the central nervous system that stimulate N-Methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptors, molecules found in synapses, a part of…
  • A Turbulent Two Days

    25 Jul 2015 | 7:23 am
    (A. Kotok) 25 July 2015. If you tried accessing Science & Enterprise on Thursday and Friday this week, 23-24 July, you likely encountered periods when the site was not available. Please accept our sincerest apologies for the outages. On Thursday, we ran into problems trying to update the site to the latest vesion of WordPress, the underlying blogging engine, where first our logo at the top of the page disappeared, and then the whole site. Thanks to some good work by our hosting service, Hosting Matters, we got the site restored. Let me say that Hosting Matters knows the meaning of…
  • Global Threat Identification Methods Sought in Challenge

    24 Jul 2015 | 1:59 pm
    (Oxfam East Africa, Wikimedia Commons) 24 July 2015. A new challenge on InnoCentive is seeking techniques for identifying climatic events in one region that have direct or indirect impacts elsewhere in the world. The competition has a total purse of $30,000 and deadline for submissions of 17 September 2015. InnoCentive in Waltham, Massachusetts conducts open-innovation, crowdsourcing competitions for corporate and organization sponsors. The sponsor in this case is the Skoll Global Threats Fund.Free registrationis required to see details of the competition. The challenge is seeking methods for…
  • Research, Finance Alliance to Fast-Track Alzheimer’s Drugs

    24 Jul 2015 | 11:16 am
    Ray Dolby (Dolby Family Ventures) 24 July 2015. A coalition of research institute, venture capital firm, and drug discovery company is forming a new enterprise to develop therapy candidates for Alzheimer’s disease from promising lab results. Financial terms of the partnership of Gladstone Institutes and Dolby Family Ventures in San Francisco with Evotec AG in Hamburg, Germany were not disclosed. Alzheimer’s diseaseis progressive neurodegenerative disease affecting growing numbers of older people worldwide. The disorder slowly destroys memory and cognitive skills, eventually affecting…
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    Lake Scientist | Lake Scientist

  • Heidelberg University Launches Lake Erie Algae Website

    Daniel Kelly
    23 Jul 2015 | 6:58 am
    Officials at Heidelberg University’s National Center for Water Quality Research have launched a new website to communicate issues harming the health of Lake Erie to the public, according to The Sandusky Register. The website is located at and contains information on the past and present problems facing the lake with an emphasis on phosphorus runoff. “Decades of monitoring have led to an inescapable conclusion: Phosphorus runoff, primarily from agricultural lands, is feeding explosive cyanobacterial growth in the warm, shallow waters of the (lake’s) western basin,”…
  • Research Summary: Risk-Based Screening Of Selected Contaminants In The Great Lakes Basin

    Guest Submissions
    22 Jul 2015 | 5:53 am
    aIntrinsik Environmental Sciences Inc., 6605 Hurontario Street, Suite 500, Mississauga ONL5T 0A3, Canada bOntario Ministry of the Environment and Climate Change, 40 St. Clair Ave West, 7th floor, Toronto, ON M4V 1M2, Canada Introduction The Great Lakes Basin is one of the most biologically diverse regions in Canada and the United States (US). The lakes (Superior, Michigan, Huron, Erie and Ontario) support thousands of wetlands and diverse plants, fish and wildlife. The Basin is surrounded by lands of the States of Illinois, Indiana, Michigan, Minnesota, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania and…
  • Sediment Core Yields Ancient Pike Jawbone From Alaska’s Quartz Lake

    Daniel Kelly
    21 Jul 2015 | 6:22 am
    Most of the lake sediment cores that scientists gather are pretty consistent in terms of what they contain. Pulling up mud is a reliable find, as are bits of rocks, small shells and sand. So imagine the surprise when a University of Alaska – Fairbanks researcher cut through a core taken from Alaska’s Quartz Lake and found the jawbone of an ancient northern pike. Matthew Wooller, head of the Alaska Stable Isotope Facility, made the find while cutting through a core with a piece of wire, according to a release from UAF. Everything was going smoothly until he hit something hard.
  • Surveys Confirm Zebra Mussels In Minnesota’s Lake Eunice

    Daniel Kelly
    16 Jul 2015 | 2:27 pm
    Invasive zebra mussels have been found living in Minnesota’s Lake Eunice, according to a release from the Minnesota Department of Natural Resources. The lake is the third in Becker County to fall to invading zebra mussels. The presence of the mussels was confirmed by department officials after a citizen reported a zebra mussel growing on a freshwater clam. Invasive species specialists received a photo of the parasitic relationship, which prompted surveying to determine how extensive the zebra mussel problem was. Zebra mussel attached to a native clam. (Credit: Minnesota Department of…
  • Glacial Lakes Increase In Third Pole Region

    Daniel Kelly
    14 Jul 2015 | 2:33 pm
    In an area of Earth that many call the Third Pole region, near the Tibetan Plateau, scientists with the University of Texas and the Chinese Academy of Sciences say that climate change has increased the number of glacial lakes, according to the Digital Journal. Their investigation is published in the journal Global and Planetary Change. The researchers used Landsat satellite data to make the find, comparing the number of glacial lakes present in satellite images of the area in 1990, 2000 and 2010. They write that there was no glacial lake census of the area before their investigation.
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    Frontier Scientists

  • New videos about Polar Bears

    Laura Nielsen
    21 Jul 2015 | 3:00 pm
    July 21, 2015— Listen: intense noises sound when Alaska’s polar bears gather to feed at a whale bone pile. At Frontier Scientists new discoveries in the Far North unfold on your screen. In new videos Hair Reveals Diet and In the Eyes of the Polar Bear, Frontier Scientists features current polar bear research. Scientists Todd […]
  • Mummy ground squirrel tells of a different Alaska

    Laura Nielsen
    14 Jul 2015 | 3:00 pm
    Ned Rozell for UAFGI – One fall day in Interior Alaska, a lion stalked a ground squirrel that stood exposed on a hillside like a foot-long sandwich. The squirrel saw bending blades of grass, squeaked an alarm call, and then dived into its hole. It curled up in a grassy nest. A few months later, […]
  • What’s on the menu, grizzly bear?

    Laura Nielsen
    7 Jul 2015 | 3:00 pm
    July 08 2015, 9pm in Alaska, tune in to KAKM Science Wednesdays, Alaska Public Media, for Frontier Scientists’ GRIZZLIES. Wildlife biologists and Park rangers in Denali National Park & Preserve help the Park’s grizzly bear population thrive in their natural environment while promoting safe interactions between Grizzlies and visitors. Catch clips online at GRIZZLIES: […]
  • Discerning ocean currents at current

    Laura Nielsen
    30 Jun 2015 | 3:00 pm
    Instruments made to measure currents tug against their moorings on the sea floor. Others bob and whirl, catching currents, winds and tides with their rectangular wings spread just under wavetops in the Bering Strait west of Alaska. Ocean water is on the move. “There’s a strong connection between the world’s ocean currents and what comes […]
  • Sockeye Fire Summer Solstice

    Laura Nielsen
    23 Jun 2015 | 3:00 pm
    June 21 2015 was this year’s Summer Solstice. But for much of Alaska the long hours of sunlight were obscured by smoke. The Sockeye Fire near Willow Alaska started Sunday and raged, burning over 7,000 acres, forcing evacuations, ravaging homes and other structures and interrupting traffic on the Parks Highway. An admirable firefighting effort involving […]
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    Midwest Labs Blog

  • Grubs are Coming Back To Your Lawn

    Pohlman Brent
    27 Jul 2015 | 3:46 am
      Updated 8.30pm / July 27, 2015 Ok – After watching the video below, I decided I needed to try a little experiment. I applied some Scotts Grubex in areas where my lawn had brown spots and I watered in these areas.   As I looked at my own lawn, I could see that these […]
  • Summer Lawn Weed Problem?

    Pohlman Brent
    20 Jul 2015 | 9:44 pm
    Are Weeds Taking Over Parts of Your Lawn This Summer? The weeds are back and back in a big way this summer. Time to take some action! As I look at my own yard, I don’t remember a time when dandelions were still growing. Also, crab grass is back in a big way and weeds […]
  • Recycling Food Waste

    Pohlman Brent
    17 Jul 2015 | 5:53 am
    What happens to food waste being produced by food producers? Check out this video which looks at several examples of how food waste is being put back into our environment to reuse. Who would have thought that cell phone glass could be made out of food waste.   photo credit: plate scraping via photopin (license)
  • Ethanol Demand – An Interesting Perspective

    Pohlman Brent
    16 Jul 2015 | 7:22 am
    Check out this interview with Green Plains CEO, Todd Becker and seen where the Ethanol Industry stands with respect to the economy. This story is really interesting. Todd does a good job of looking at Ethanol as a sustainable business. Overall, Ethanol is a discounted fuel compared to traditional gasoline. The international market is becoming […]
  • Fertilize Your Lawn in July?

    Pohlman Brent
    16 Jul 2015 | 5:11 am
    Yes! – This year I fertilized my lawn in July I added a slow-release fertilizer with a 30% Nitrogen content. I typically use this type of fertilizer in a fall or late spring time frame. I typically do not recommend this type of application during the summer, because the temperatures in the midwest, (Omaha, Nebraska)  are in the […]
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  • New Themes: Libretto, Lovecraft, and Publication

    sarah semark
    23 Jul 2015 | 9:00 am
    Happy Theme Thursday! Today we’re introducing three new free themes to our collection: Libretto, Lovecraft, and Publication. Libretto Featuring big, bold drop caps and oversized images, Libretto is ideal for showcasing longform writing or stunning imagery. Its classic design and typographic details will give your blog a sophisticated, elegant look. Fully responsive, the theme adapts easily to tablets and other mobile devices, ensuring that your content is easy to see. Libretto is a fork of Readly, originally designed by WPShower. Get to know Libretto in the Theme Showcase, or give it a…
  • Four Food Blogs to Follow Now

    15 Jul 2015 | 9:00 am
    From sweet to savory, these four fantastic food blogs will satisfy your appetite. If you enjoy eating (and who doesn’t?!), check them out and follow them in your Reader so you won’t miss a dish. The Dinner Party Collective The Dinner Party Collective is a collaborative blog dedicated to “reinvigorating the delicious lost art of dinner parties.” The DPC features seasonal full-course menus, photos, and recipes from apéritifs to dessert (complete with wine pairings, no less!) ideal for dinner groups of six to eight. Blogger Margot leads an international troupe of food and wine lovers…
  • Reader Refresh

    Ben Lowery
    13 Jul 2015 | 10:19 am
    Today, we’re proud to present an improved version of the Reader. We’ve made the Reader faster, with shorter load times and smoother scrolling. We’ve also improved the way we display posts, so you can now see the highlights of each story at a glance. The new interface works just as well on a mobile device as it does on your computer, so it’s simpler and faster for you to catch up on blogs while on the go. Keeping track of recent posts from the blogs and sites you follow is now both easier and more fun. Our new cards — which preview each post’s…
  • Heading to BlogHer ’15? So are we!

    Michelle W.
    13 Jul 2015 | 9:00 am
    Note: we’ve just updated the workshop times slightly — see below for the final schedule. BlogHer ’15, one of the biggest and best annual conferences for bloggers, lands in New York City later this week, from July 16th through the 18th. You’ll find hundreds of passionate bloggers, workshops to hone every aspect of your blogging, incredible keynote speakers like Ava DuVernay and Gwyneth Paltrow — and us! At our Happiness Lounge in the expo hall, you’ll be able to get one-on-one help with your WordPress sites. Staff from across Automattic will also be leading…
  • New Themes: Baskerville and Edda

    Laurel Fulford
    9 Jul 2015 | 10:12 am
    Happy Theme Thursday! Today I’m excited to introduce two new free themes to our collection. Baskerville Baskerville was designed by Anders Norén, and it displays writing, photos, and videos in a dynamic, grid-based layout. It features unique layouts for different post formats, to make different kinds of content pop. Baskerville’s design adapts to any screen size, big or small, so your posts always look their best. Get to know Baskerville on the Theme Showcase, or give it a spin by activating it from Appearance → Themes. Edda Edda, designed by…
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    weird thingsweird things | exploring science, technology, the strange and the unknown

  • when science, technology, and money clash

    Greg Fish
    27 Jul 2015 | 10:44 am
    Generally, when skeptics or popular science writers talk about medicine and money, it’s to ward off something one could call an argument ad-shillium, or rejecting scientific studies outright with declarations that anyone who sticks up for doctors and pharmaceutical companies over the hot and trendy snake oil salesperson of the month must be a paid shill. Shilling certainly happens in both the real world and online, but when one’s argument rests in basic science, money is not a topic relevant to the conversation. However, that doesn’t mean that it’s not important when…
  • do we know what actually causes autism?

    Greg Fish
    22 Jul 2015 | 8:31 am
    Anti-vaccine activists would have us believe that autism is the result of some sort of undefined, or scary sounding toxicity and should be cured by a gluten-free diet and detoxification typically conducted by a profiteering quack. However, the real scientific evidence points to genetics and brain development, meaning that no one develops autism or turns autistic, but is born this way and will fall at some point along the spectrum when the condition can be diagnosed. Recently, another study provided additional evidence for this theory by comparing how modified skin cell cultures taken from…
  • crank magnetism, spotted in the wild by newsweek

    Greg Fish
    21 Jul 2015 | 11:59 am
    All right, look Newsweek, I get it. You need a catchy title for a throwaway article, ideally one you can tie into recent events bubbling up on search engines to get those sweet, sweet hits. And it’s understandable that once you start off with that headline, you don’t want to disappoint all those readers who came in to read about people who believe that a flyby of Pluto was just a part of a complicated conspiracy. But at the same time, two idiots who can’t even articulate what it is that was actually conspired and why, and seem to have no idea that there are two of them,…
  • the hidden costs of a world with a tenth of the men

    Greg Fish
    20 Jul 2015 | 8:33 am
    Once in a while, the internet remembers random things, such as a woman who wanted to trim the male population by at least 90% and use the survivors as breeding stock to reduce gender inequality across the world. While MRAs believe that this is what all feminists secretly want and most people understand that this is little more than a joke that went too far and has absolutely zero chance of happening, ever, all of the online discussions on the subject have focused on a trip down the histrionics-laden minefield of gender politics instead of a relevant scientific issue that should be front and…
  • why you shouldn’t learn to stop worrying and love the nuclear jet engine

    Greg Fish
    16 Jul 2015 | 8:25 am
    Now, I don’t mean to alarm you, but if Boeing is serious about its idea for the fusion powered jet engine and puts it into a commercial airplane in the near future more or less as it is now, you’re probably going to be killed when it’s turned on as the plane gets ready to taxi. How exactly your life will end is a matter of debate really. The most obvious way is being poisoned by a shower of stray neutrons and electrons emanating from the fusion process, and the fissile shielding which would absorb some of the neutrons and start a chain reaction much like in a commercial…
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    Science + Technology – Articles – The Conversation

  • Microsoft wants to win back your support with Windows 10

    David Tuffley, Lecturer in Applied Ethics and Socio-Technical Studies, School of ICT, at Griffith University
    27 Jul 2015 | 9:48 pm
    Things should look a little more familiar on Windows 10. Flickr/, CC BY-NDThe latest version of Microsoft’s Windows operating system will begin rolling out from Wednesday (July 29). And remarkably, Windows 10 will be offered as a free upgrade to those users who already have Windows 7 and 8.1 installed. That the upgrade is free is an interesting move and comes off the back of much criticism over Windows 8. Interestingly, the software giant has also skipped over any planned version 9 of Windows. So what does this mean for Microsoft and the 1.5 billion people it says use Windows…
  • Gaming through the ages: older Australians are embracing video games

    Jeffrey E. Brand, Professor at Bond University
    27 Jul 2015 | 7:01 pm
    Video games are no longer the domain of the young alone. Chip Griffin/Flickr, CC BYOver the past decade, stereotypes that video games were a popular medium intended only for youths have been eroded. It is clear that video games are also a popular medium for adults. The rapid growth of ever-older audiences playing games on mobile phones and on consoles has been brought about by easier and more intuitive user interfaces, repeated stories about the health benefits of play for older players as well as demography. The average age of Australians who play video games is now 33 years. They play for…
  • Open letter: we must stop killer robots before they are built

    Toby Walsh, Professor, Research Group Leader, Optimisation Research Group at NICTA
    27 Jul 2015 | 1:08 pm
    Science fiction abounds with warnings concerning offensive autonomous weapons, or 'killer robots'. superde1uxe/Flickr, CC BYMore than 1,000 of the leading researchers in artificial intelligence (AI) and robotics have today signed and published an open letter calling for a ban on offensive autonomous weapons, also known colloquially as “killer robots”. The letter has also been signed by many technologists and experts, including SpaceX and Tesla CEO Elon Musk, physicist Stephen Hawking, Apple co-founder Steve Wozniak, Skype co-founder Jaan Talinn and linguist and activist Noam…
  • What is the search for extraterrestrial intelligence actually looking for?

    Charley Lineweaver, Researcher at Research School of Astronomy and Astrophysics and the Research School of Earth Sciences at Australian National University
    26 Jul 2015 | 9:46 pm
    What kind of creatures might we find populating the cosmos? Sebastian MünsterThe Search for Extra-Terrestrial Intelligence (SETI) last week got a US$100 million dollar shot in the arm from wealthy, Russian Silicon Valley entrepreneur, Yuri Milner. At the London launch of this new project, Breakthrough Listen, Stephen Hawking made some inspiring observations: To understand the universe, you must know about atoms — about the forces that bind them, the contours of space and time, the birth and death of stars, the dance of galaxies, the secrets of black holes. But that is not enough. These…
  • We need to protect the fossil heritage on our doorstep

    John Long, Strategic Professor in Palaeontology at Flinders University
    26 Jul 2015 | 1:09 pm
    A prehistoric scene showing ancient penguins, elephant seals and giant marsupials. A rich diversity of both marine and land creatures once lived at Beaumaris, Melbourne, about 7 million years ago. Peter Trusler, Monash UniversityFrom about the age of eight onwards I regularly collected fossils from around the beach area on the Beaumaris foreshore of Melbourne’s Port Philip Bay. I still recall the day I sat down on the beach there and put my hand on something sharp. It was a five million year old tiger shark’s tooth, still razor sharp and in mint condition. The fossils from this site are…
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    David Bradley

  • A triple A-side meta single

    David Bradley
    4 Jul 2015 | 2:24 am
    Obviously, a good old-fashioned circular slice of polyvinyl chloride, PVC, or just vinyl to audiophiles, is a disc, two sides, A and B, sometimes labelled A and A…but what if you want three sides? Is it possible to have a hyper-disk with an extra groovy surface? In reality, maybe not. In virtuality… Life, Love and Lonicera by Dave Bradley Life, Love and Lonicera: My triple A-side single featuring a Pseudo Gabriel pastiche “Push the Button”, my feverish asthmatic falsetto in the mock jazz of “Wild Honeysuckle” and the slow build and gospelesque break of…
  • George does Geordie Geography gently

    David Bradley
    30 Jun 2015 | 9:47 am
    The Geordie geography of TV’s George Gently (which has been on for years) is quite amazing…I watch it because it’s filmed in the land of my birth. But, Scene 1 might be in a children’s home in Teesside (which they spell Teeside), next scene is Gently, who’s based in Durham, which is on the Wear, nipping down to said kids’ home with sidekick mod copper John, then they’re back in time for Gently to quickly get to South Shields only it isn’t South Shields (on the Tyne), which they call “Shields”, it’s Seaton Sluice, which is back…
  • 100 songs

    David Bradley
    30 Jun 2015 | 2:15 am
    Having mentioned 100 million chemicals just now, be sheer chance, I noticed that “Push the Button” stacks up as my 100th original tune on SoundCloud. It’s part of the double A-side “single” – Life Love, and Lonicera, which includes my big time Pseudo Gabriel sledgehammer of a song, “Push the Button” and Wild Honeysuckle which features my feverish festival falsetto, songs of sexuality on steroids…but NOT NSFW ;-) Life, Love and Lonicera by Dave Bradley We know it's all electrified and open to abuse But schmooze it up, confuse it up it is…
  • 100 million chemicals

    David Bradley
    30 Jun 2015 | 1:06 am
    One little bit of chemistry news that I always try to cover are the milestones as the Chemical Abstracts Service announces the next “round number” in its database of chemical structures. It was September 2007 when I mentioned their reaching 50 million structures, but I am fairly sure I wrote about their 10 millionth in newscientist back in the early 1990s… This week, CAS announced the 100 millionth chemical substance in its registry in the service’s 50th anniversary. That is quite astounding, 100 million chemicals! On average a new substance registered every two and a…
  • Dexter on the Rocks

    David Bradley
    10 Jun 2015 | 7:52 am
    A fascinating paper highlighted in F1000 Prime suggests that powdered tomato (the red-coloured lycopene in it, actually) has a protective effect on a liver diseased by alcohol. Specifically, “dietary tomato powder inhibits alcohol-induced hepatic injury by suppressing cytochrome p450 2E1 induction in rodent models.” So if you’re a boozed up critter it might help. What I am waiting with baited breath to see are the tabloid headlines when they get wind of this research: Bloody Mary cures ailing liver That kind of thing… This from the paper’s abstract: Chronic and…
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    As Many Exceptions As Rules

  • Organs Don’t Always Follow The Plan

    22 Jul 2015 | 5:00 am
    Biology concepts – internal anatomy, asymmetry, symmetry breaking, primary ciliary dyskinesia, situs solitus, situs inversus You hold your right hand over your heart for the national anthem, correct? So what happened here?  Photoshop - they even reversed the buttons on his jacket and the lapel pin to sell it.  But notice the medals on the marine behind him; the photoshopper didn’t switch them back to the left side. Michelle came much closer to covering her heart. He missed by a mile. He must be honoring the pack of cigarettes in his breast pocket.The national anthem starts. You…
  • Ovaries March To A Different Drummer

    15 Jul 2015 | 5:00 am
    Biology concepts – neuroendocrine, ovary, bilateral asymmetry, internal asymmetry, absence asymmetry, hormones, ovulation Many things we are taught in school just aren’t so. The Salem witch trials, for example, did not result in women being burned at the stake. Sure, some were imprisoned and a couple dozen were hanged, but none burned at the stake.A lot of the things we think we know just aren’t so. I’ll give you a few examples. Vincent van Gogh cut off his ear in an insane rage, right? Nope, his “friend” Paul Gauguin cut it off as he drew his sword in a drunken fight with van…
  • What the Heck Are Those Doing There?

    8 Jul 2015 | 5:00 am
    Biology concepts – internal asymmetry, neuroendocrine, reproduction, hormone, absence symmetry This is the Decatur County Courthouse in Greensburg Indiana. A mulberry tree has been growing out of the steeple for over a hundred years. Nature has things out of place, sometimes for a good reason, sometimes through sheer tenacity.“That really shouldn’t be there… “ but it is. You can probably think of many examples of things that seem out of place, but with further investigation and reasoning, you figure out that there’s a plausible explanation for that particular thing being in that…
  • Thinking Asymmetrically About Hormones

    1 Jul 2015 | 5:00 am
    Biology concepts – neuroendocrine system, bilateral asymmetry, internal asymmetry, hormones, endocrine glands Jack Nicholson did some try asymmetric thinking in The Shining. The fact that he was driven insane by the ghost of a horrid past shouldn’t think less of his accomplishments. Predicting that Shelly Duvall would go for the radio – brilliant. Sneaking up on Scatman Crothers – inspired. Following the boy into the maze –oops.Independent thinking; thinking outside the box; free thinking; lateral thinking; these are all terms for trying to come up with answers to problems through…
  • The CPU In Your Head

    24 Jun 2015 | 5:00 am
    Biology concepts – homeostasis, neuroendocrine system, hormone, pituitary, hypothalamus Let’s face it, everything I know about computers I learned from Tron and Tron Legacy. What I learned most from the sequel is that we still can’t make a decent avatar for Jeff Bridges. But I did learn about the CPU and programs and users. I like to think there are small motorcycle races going on in my laptop while I write. It makes it more interactive.A computer can be a wonderful tool. It can facilitate learning, entertain you, store information for future retrieval, and manage menial tasks to free…
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    Laboratory News » News

  • Kepler mission discovers an Earth-like planet

    27 Jul 2015 | 1:27 am
    NASA’s Kepler Space Telescope has confirmed the first near-Earth-sized planet orbiting another star like our Sun. NASA scientists suggest the newly discovered planet – named Kepler-452b – is 60% larger in diameter than Earth and is 5% farther from its parent star than Earth is from the Sun. It is the first planet discovered orbiting in the area around a G-2 type star – the same class as our Sun – where liquid water could pool on the surface of the planet. “On the 20th anniversary year of the discovery that proved other suns host planets, the Kepler exoplanet explorer has…
  • Are you older than you look?

    27 Jul 2015 | 12:00 am
    By using biomarkers, scientists have measured the aging process in young adults. Scientists at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem used a subset of biomarkers which allowed them to quantify both biological age and people’s aging pace. They discovered that age decline can occur in young adults between the age of 26 and 38. “This research shows that age-related decline is already happening in young adults who are decades away from developing age-related diseases, and that we can measure it,” said Dr Salomon Israel at Hebrew University of Jerusalem’s Department of Psychology. In the…
  • Volcanic eruptions and global climate linked at last

    27 Jul 2015 | 12:00 am
    New ice core data has revealed further evidence that volcanic eruptions have a significant and repeated impact on the global climate. An international research team led by Yale University used deep ice core data taken from ice sheets in Greenland and Antarctica and discovered large volcanic eruptions preceded 15 of the 16 coldest summers recorded between 500 B.C. and A.D. 1,000. The findings resolved inconsistencies in previous studies which failed to demonstrate this relationship. “Using new records we are able to show that large volcanic eruptions in the tropics and high latitudes were…
  • New hub for structural biology research

    24 Jul 2015 | 12:00 am
    The University of Leeds has announced a £17 million investment for a structural biology laboratory. The new facility will provide Astbury Centre for Structural Molecular Biology – part of the University of Leeds – with instruments for electron microscopy and nuclear magnetic resonance. Professor John Ladbury, Dean of the Faculty of Biological Sciences at the University of Leeds, said: “I am impressed by the University’s vision and commitment to growth. The new investments mean that we will be able to build on the existing scientific excellence in the Astbury Centre by making a number…
  • Nanoscale forces solve puddle problem

    23 Jul 2015 | 1:15 am
    Scientists have discovered that the forces responsible for stopping a liquid from spreading on a solid surface only act at the nanoscale. A research team at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) observed thin-films of liquid touching a solid surface at a molecular level and found that intermolecular forces between the liquid-solid and the liquid-air interface stopped the liquid spreading. “What’s striking here, what’s actually stopping the puddle is forces that only act at the nanoscale. These are the missing intermolecular forces in the macroscopic description. Properly…
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    Breaking Science News from SciGuru Science News

  • Scientists advance toward tunable carbon-capture materials

    13 Jul 2015 | 7:23 am
    Rice University scientists are forging toward tunable carbon-capture materials with a new study that shows how chemical changes affect the abilities of enhanced buckyballs to confine greenhouse gases. The lab of Rice chemist Andrew Barron found last year that carbon-60 molecules (aka buckyballs, discovered at Rice in the 1980s) gain the ability to sequester carbon dioxide when combined with a...
  • New Close-Up View of Key Part of Ebola Virus Life Cycle

    26 Jun 2015 | 7:11 am
    A new study led by scientists at The Scripps Research Institute (TSRI) reveals a key part of the Ebola virus life cycle at a higher resolution than ever before. The research sheds light on how Ebola virus assembles—and how researchers might stop the often-fatal infection. The new study, published online ahead of print today in the journal Cell Reports, builds on previous work in Saphire...
  • Muscle contraction may contribute to stroke damage

    26 Jun 2015 | 6:29 am
    An investigation of blood flow network in the brain has revealed some surprising behavior of vessels during stroke, according to Yale researchers. The findings provide a new target for potential drugs to improve stroke outcome, said Jaime Grutzendler, associate professor of neurology and of neurobiology, and senior author of the study, which appeared online June 25 in the journal Neuron.
  • Songbirds Have a Thing for Patterns

    25 Jun 2015 | 12:20 pm
    You might think that young children would first learn to recognize sounds and then learn how those categories of sounds fit together into words. But that isn’t how it works. Rather, kids learn sounds and words at the same time. In fact, the higher-level patterns—those words—are key in learning to recognize and place speech sounds into meaningful categories. That’s why...
  • Network of tubes plays a key role in plants’ immune defense

    25 Jun 2015 | 12:03 pm
    Chloroplasts, better known for taking care of photosynthesis in plant cells, play an unexpected role in responding to infections in plants, researchers at UC Davis and the University of Delaware have found. When plant cells are infected with pathogens, networks of tiny tubes called stromules extend from the chloroplasts and make contact with the cell’s nucleus, the team discovered. The...
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    Patexia Rss Feed

  • Google's new patent plan: how it will and won't help startups

    27 Jul 2015 | 11:17 am
    Google is giving away patents to startups. Some in the tech press said the plan, which will see 50 young companies receive two patents apiece, will help them fight patent trolls. But is that really true? Or should the startup program be seen as just one part of Google’s emerging efforts to remake the economic impact of patents in the tech industry? How Google's new patent plan will and won't help startups - Fortune Google is giving out 100 patents to startups. This won't, as some say...
  • Google’s New Patent Mimics Human Memory

    23 Jul 2015 | 10:54 am
    The U.S. Patent and Trademark Office awarded Google a patent this week for a digital camera that records live experiences and organizes them into a searchable database for later playback. Google's Black Mirror patent: The company wants to make a human memory device straight out of speculative sci-fi television. Liam Foxwell is a young lawyer who becomes convinced his wife is cheating on him. What begins as a fleeting curiosity—seeing her smile familiarly at a man he doesn’t...
  • Google Launches the Patent Starter Program

    23 Jul 2015 | 10:39 am
    Earlier this week Google launched what it is calling the Patent Starter Program to give away up to two of its non-organic (i..e those purchased by Google from a third party) patent families to eligible startups. Companies with 2014 revenues between $500K and $20M can apply for the program, then, if accepted, Google will send a list of three to five patent families, from which two can be selected. Participation in the Patent Starter Program requires participation in the License on Transfer...
  • Camouflage film

    22 Jul 2015 | 10:54 pm
    Dr. Debashis Chanda from the University of Central Florida has developed an ultra thin flexible, full color reflective display film. The film is few microns thick and its color can be changed applying different voltages. The film doent require any light source for color display, as it reflects incident light.  The filmhas been developed on the principle of the thin layer on animals like chameleons, octopuses, squids, etc., whose skin is covered by a thin, flexible and color changing...
  • Facebook, Google, Dell, HP, eBay back Samsung in patent war with Apple

    21 Jul 2015 | 10:08 am
    A collection of other large Silicon Valley companies have sided with Samsung in its battle over patents with Apple. The coalition filed a motion with the US Federal Circuit Court of Appeals supporting Samsung’s appeal over damages related to alleged patent infringement, saying that the ruling will have “significant detrimental consequences for the continued development of useful modern technologies” if left to stand. Facebook, Google, Dell, HP, eBay back Samsung in patent...
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    Breaking Science News |

  • New Diamond Frog Species Discovered in Madagascar
    27 Jul 2015 | 12:59 pm
    A new species of diamond frog has been found living in the high altitude forests of the Sorata massif in north Madagascar. Little is known about the diamond frogs. However, one thing that has been found to apply to almost all of them is that they are burrowers. This is why these frogs usually have [...]
  • New Horizons Sheds More Light on Pluto’s Atmosphere
    27 Jul 2015 | 11:44 am
    Just seven hours after closest approach, the spacecraft looked back and captured an incredible image of the dwarf planet’s atmosphere, backlit by the Sun. The image reveals layers of haze that are several times higher than scientists predicted. The spacecraft also found that the atmosphere of Pluto has an unexpectedly low surface pressure. An analysis [...]
  • Windbots Could Explore Solar System’s Gas Giants
    27 Jul 2015 | 8:58 am
    Researchers at NASA’s Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL) are investigating the feasibility of creating a ‘windbot,’ a new kind of probe designed to stay aloft in an atmosphere of a gas giant for a long time. Unlike terrestrial planets, gas giants like Jupiter and Saturn have no solid surface on which a probe to land on. [...]
  • Hubble Space Telescope Looks at NGC 6565
    27 Jul 2015 | 7:35 am
    The Wide-Field Planetary Camera 2 aboard the NASA/ESA Hubble Space Telescope has captured this image of NGC 6565. NGC 6565, also known as Hen 2-362 or ESO 456-70, is a planetary nebula located in the constellation Sagittarius. Though the distance is not really known, there seems to be some consensus that the object is approximately [...]
  • NASA Releases New Portrait of Dwarf Planet Pluto
    27 Jul 2015 | 4:25 am
    Scientists with NASA’s New Horizons mission have released the sharpest view yet of Pluto. Four images from the LORRI instrument (Long Range Reconnaissance Imager) aboard New Horizons were combined with color data from the spacecraft’s Ralph instrument to create this global view of the dwarf planet. The images were obtained at a distance of 280,000 [...]
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    Just Science

  • Did We Cure Type 2 Diabetes?

    27 Jul 2015 | 11:40 am
    I had a reader reach out to me a few months ago about a family member who was diagnosed with Type 2 Diabetes and who also has autism. He’s older than my daughter and they are facing some very tough choices and a major lack of education and info. We’ve… The post Did We Cure Type 2 Diabetes? appeared first on Just Science.
  • New Horizons Passes Pluto and Charon

    27 Jul 2015 | 11:40 am
    Will the New Horizons spacecraft survive its closest approach to Pluto and return useful images and data? Humanity will know in a few hours. Regardless of how well it functions, New Horizon ‘s rapid speed will take it whizzing past Pluto and its moons… The post New Horizons Passes Pluto and Charon appeared first on Just Science.
  • NASA Celebrates New Horizons’ Closest Approach to Pluto

    16 Jul 2015 | 9:38 am
    Guests and New Horizons team members countdown to the spacecraft’s closest approach to Pluto, Tuesday, July 14, 2015. NASA Source – July 14, 2015 Find more content like this at . The post NASA Celebrates New Horizons’ Closest Approach to Pluto appeared first on Just Science.
  • New Horizons Passes Pluto and Charon

    16 Jul 2015 | 9:38 am
    Will the New Horizons spacecraft survive its closest approach to Pluto and return useful images and data? Humanity will know in a few hours. Regardless of how well it functions, New Horizon ‘s rapid speed will take it whizzing past Pluto and its moons… The post New Horizons Passes Pluto and Charon appeared first on Just Science.
  • How do you explain death to a child with autism? A Pet’s Death.

    30 Jun 2015 | 9:13 am
    How do you explain death to a child with autism? I thought we already had. I thought she got it, and maybe even understood it better than the rest of us. We’ve lost a lot of pets in the last few years because we tend to adopt the old and sickly. But,… The post How do you explain death to a child with autism? A Pet’s Death. appeared first on Just Science.
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    FiveThirtyEight » Science | FiveThirtyEight

  • Frank Drake Totally Saw Kepler-452b Coming

    Christie Aschwanden
    24 Jul 2015 | 10:19 am
    On the day NASA announced it had found the most Earth-like planet yet, I made first contact with Frank Drake, the world’s most famous alien hunter, via his AOL email address. Drake has spent 55 years looking for extraterrestrial life. In 1960 he conducted the first scientifically rigorous attempt to find aliens (by listening with a radio telescope), and in 1961 he convened a meeting of all the experts interested in finding them. “I invited all 12 of them,” he told me.Now there’s a whole lot more people looking. On Thursday, NASA revealed Kepler-452b, a clunkily named planet about…
  • Stop Trying To Be Creative

    Christie Aschwanden
    23 Jul 2015 | 3:00 am
    I recently finished a story I’d spent several months obsessing over. When I pitched the piece to my editor, I knew that I’d found a worthy subject, but I couldn’t quite articulate what the story was about. It wasn’t that I didn’t have the words — it’s that I didn’t have an answer yet. All I knew was that I had something interesting that I couldn’t help pursuing, even if I had no clue what it would become.After months of dissecting research papers, interviewing experts, stumbling down “dabbit holes” (as we call them here at FiveThirtyEight2) and not writing a single…
  • What 12 Months Of Record-Setting Temperatures Looks Like Across The U.S.

    Randy Olson
    22 Jul 2015 | 10:46 am
    If this year feels hotter than normal, it’s not just you. The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration just released a report saying that the first half of 2015 was the warmest January to June on record. Most of the world — particularly the western United States — experienced above-average or even record-setting high temperatures this year.Jan-June 2015 was warmest such period on record for globe. @NOAANCEIclimate #StateOfClimate— NOAA (@NOAA) July 20, 2015In fact, the 12-month period from July 2014 through June 2015…
  • What’s The Optimal Speed For Exercise?

    Emily Oster
    17 Jul 2015 | 4:45 am
    There was a time when the optimal exercise speed was however fast you had to run to get away from a saber-tooth tiger. Even today, in much of the developing world, people exercise through activities such as farming and fetching water that are necessary for survival.However, in the developed Western world, where exercise tends to be an extracurricular activity, there is apparently tremendous interest in just how fast you should move in order to improve your health. Consider, for example, the many posts on The New York Times’ Well blog on the topic (walking versus running, the “right…
  • Expensive Cigarettes No Longer Keep Teenagers From Smoking

    Andrew Flowers
    9 Jul 2015 | 11:30 am
    Fewer American teens smoke cigarettes today than 20 years ago. And taxes on cigarettes are much higher, too. For a while, these two trends were related, because teens wouldn’t pay the high price of a pack, but not anymore. Young people are no longer responding to higher cigarette taxes by smoking less.Some perspective is important: More than one in three teenagers smoked in 1997, but fewer than one in four did in 2013. And within the past decade, 31 states have jacked up their tax on cigarettes, especially after the Great Recession strained many governments’ budgets. Although reducing…
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  • Always on’ workers put job before health says report

    Mado Martinez
    22 Jul 2015 | 7:53 am
    48% of UK employees have gone into work when ill in the last year 40% haven’t taken a single day off sick in last 12 months 28% say bosses pressure them into working through illness   The health of British workers is threatened by an epidemic of ‘presenteeism’ according to a new report, with research showing that not even lunch, holidays or illness will stop us from leaving our desks. The study of 2,000 full and part time UK workers, published in The Health in the Workplace Report by One4all Rewards, reveals that just under 1 in 2 UK workers (48%) went into work in the last year…
  • Tweaking The Clouds To Cool The Planet

    Alakananda Mookerjee
    15 Jul 2015 | 10:40 am
    Remember the industrialist villain in “Superman III” (1983), Ross Webster (Robert Vaughn)? Furious at Colombia’s refusal to do business with him, he decides to brew a storm over that country to destroy all its coffee crops. Now, even climatologists have begun considering technological fixes to counter the effects of humanity’s continued climate intervention—by relentlessly spewing of tons and tons of heat-trapping carbon dioxide into the air. Earlier this year, the National Academy of Sciences convened a panel of experts, who assessed two “geo-engineering” strategies to cool the…
  • A Helicopter With 18 Wings? Seriously?

    Alakananda Mookerjee
    6 Jul 2015 | 9:48 am
    Sure, TIE Fighters from “Star Wars” are fast, furious, and fantastic. The TARDIS from “Doctor Who” is divine. The hoverboard from “Back to the Future II” is rakish. But one needn’t always turn to science-fiction to get a load of exotic transports. There are quite a few mechanical beasts in our own realm that are somewhat novel in the sense that we don’t see them everyday. A helicopter has, what, two rotor blades? Now, think a quadcopter: a drone, with four rotor blades, like the ones Amazon has begun delivering packages with. Next, picture one with 18 of those and…
  • A Teaspoon Of This Star Weighs A Car

    Alakananda Mookerjee
    27 Jun 2015 | 2:40 am
    Inside every star that shines, there’s a continual tug-of-war of wills—between the outward push of its fusion and the inward pull of its own gravity. No one wins. But once all its hydrogen has burned into helium, the gravitational force, now having no opposition, squeezes the star to its end. A star with a mass less than 1.4 solar masses goes out as a “white dwarf,” a stellar corpse about the size of the Earth, but astonishingly dense. A teaspoon of this remnant would hold the mass of a car. (Solar mass is the unit of expressing the mass of stars, galaxies, and other celestial…
  • Britons love littering

    Ellie Pownall
    22 Jun 2015 | 11:43 am
    From 2016 there has been a 500%[1] growth in the presence of litter on British streets, not only does this cost 500 million a year to clean up it also wastes valuable resources and work force which should be used elsewhere. Although the government has introduced schemes such as the clean neighbourhoods and environment act (CNEA[2]) and individual projects like ‘Litter Heroes[3]’, it seems there is still mass progress to be made in this area. High Road Tottenham Photo credit :Flicr by Alan Stanton The Introduction of fines (between £50-£80…
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    AweSci - Science Everyday

  • A Check Valve for Light

    Anupum Pant
    27 Jul 2015 | 10:35 am
    By Anupum Pant Here’s a cool effect you can achieve with just light, olive oil and a few turns of copper wire (or really strong magnets with a larger section of the magnetic field where the magnetic field lines are parallel). This is called the Faraday effect and the physics of it is complicated to be explained on a blog. Not that I know how it exactly works, but it still is cool to just watch a stream of light get influenced by nothing but just a strong magnet! One interesting application of this effect is faraday rotator, or basically check valve for light – that is to say, a…
  • Pneumatic Mail Systems

    Anupum Pant
    26 Jul 2015 | 10:35 am
    By Anupum Pant Inherently, the telegraph system had a short coming. Messages had to be transcribed into text and the then the messages ultimately had to be delivered by hand. And like any form of communication, a time had come for telegraph too. It was no longer fast enough. Then in big cities like London, Boston, New York City, Philadelphia, Chicago, and Saint Louis a new system of sending across messages started to develop, somewhere in the 1890s. This was the pneumatic tube mail. The system consisted a network of several miles of subterranean pipelines which were big enough to carry a…
  • Little Deep Beauties of Nature – Butterflies

    Anupum Pant
    25 Jul 2015 | 10:35 am
    By Anupum Pant If you have ever handled a butterfly, you must have noticed that the wings of a butterfly leave a kind of dust on your fingers. If you look closely, using a scanning electron microscope of course, you’ll find that these dust like things are in fact scales! Butterfly has scales on in wings. Whatever purpose it serves to the butterfly. The name Lepidoptera means “scale wing” in Greek. The scales, so tiny themselves, have much tinier grooves on them. The grooves are so evenly spaced that they match the wavelength of a particular colour of light and that is what…
  • Paper Armour was Real

    Anupum Pant
    24 Jul 2015 | 10:35 am
    By Anupum Pant It has been said that several hundreds of years ago, during the 600 BC, the Chinese had developed a method to construct a battle armour using just paper. Sounds like an implausible myth. But turns out, after a good amount of testing by mythbusters, it can be said that paper armour probably was real. By folding paper multiple times, and by layering it with shellac or resin like it used to be done in the old days, or even without any kind of resin in between, paper becomes considerably strong and can stop attacks from arrows, stabs etc, just like an armour is supposed to do. In…
  • The Incriminating Hum of Audio Recordings

    Anupum Pant
    23 Jul 2015 | 10:35 am
    By Anupum Pant If you go to the Wikipedia’s page for a seemingly banal topic “Frequencies,” at the bottom of the page you’ll find a section that says “Line current.” You may want to read through it, but you won’t have to because I’ll tell you what it says, in short… This section is particularly interesting because it mentions that when sounds are recorded, a very faint hum that you can’t hear unless you magnify the sound, gets recorded with it. This hum comes from the electricity which powers anything, say a plug socket, which was…
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    Pioneer Scientific

  • Efficient Magnet Based Separation of DNA, RNA, and Protein

    James Maliakal
    14 Jul 2015 | 8:27 am
    Purifying DNA, RNA and protein molecules are at the heart of diagnostics and molecular biology companies. This involves moving or separating the target molecule such as DNA, RNA or protein efficiently from a complex mixture.  Increasingly magnet based separation is … read more
  • Biomarkers in Basic Research and Drug Development

    James Maliakal
    10 Apr 2015 | 8:11 am
    Biomarkers are a very powerful tool in clinical diagnostics for diseases, especially cancer. More and more sensitive biomarkers are identified and applied in diagnostic assays providing valuable information about the disease status and helping doctors to identify suitable therapeutic modalities.  … read more
  • How to increase uniformity and reduce variability in the assay with large number of samples

    James Maliakal
    18 Feb 2015 | 9:51 am
    One of the problems in assays using 96 samples in a culture plate or PCR tubes and PCR tray is that it creates variability and increases the standard deviation. If the standard deviation of the samples is too high or … read more
  • Direct Reprogramming of cells in stem cell technology

    James Maliakal
    27 Jan 2015 | 5:24 pm
    One of the significant developments in the life science research has been to take embryonic and adult fibroblasts and reprogram them into pluripotent stem cells. These pluripotent cells can be differentiated into other cell types such as neural cells, cardiomyocytes … read more
  • The Evolution of Sequencing Technology and its Impact on Health Care

    James Maliakal
    10 Sep 2014 | 8:26 pm
    DNA sequencing technology is at the core of the modern personalized medicine. DNA from various cancer cells of the patients can be sequenced very rapidly, efficiently and cost effectively. This in turn improves diagnosis and prognosis accuracy with a better … read more
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    OMNI Reboot

  • 5 Of Tom Cruise’s Best Sci-Fi Films

    Andrew Seel
    27 Jul 2015 | 7:02 am
    These 5 Tom Cruise sci-fi movies are sure to shake up reality. Written By ANDREW SEEL Andrew is a self-diagnosed sci-fi fanatic. He and his Dad watched late night reruns of Star Trek. An avid model builder, his Enterprise model adorning his dresser is stained from Earl Grey Tea. He studied creative writing at the University of Michigan. Andrew hopes to write a science fiction novel. Whether you love him, hate him, appreciate him, or are embarrassed by him, there’s no denying that after more than 30 years in Hollywood, Tom Cruise is still one of the biggest attractions on the big screen. The…
  • Can You Answer These 10 Basic Questions About Space?

    OMNI Reboot Staff
    26 Jul 2015 | 5:59 am
    How well can you answer these questions about space? Written By EDWARD SIMMONS Having worked for several exhibitions merging the universes of science and art, Simmons is no stranger to the beauty of nature. Simmons now works for OMNI Reboot as a freelance curator, allowing him to pursue his passion for natural photography. Test your knowledge of Space and Astronauts with this OMNI quiz. With New Horizons rediscovery Pluto this month, there's no better way to get back into the space-grind than refreshing your space trivia. When was the first telescope invented? Who first theorized that our…
  • Fiction: The Copies

    DS Peters
    25 Jul 2015 | 6:00 am
    She hides a dark secret from her children in the fictional story, The Copies.  “I’m telling you, they’re acting weird. They know,” Mrs. Smith finished placing the dishes into the dishwasher, closed the door, and allowed the computer sensors to take over. “We’ve been over this, remember? The doctors said–” "The doctors do not live in this house and see the things I see. You’re hardly ever here, and I’m telling you that they know,” Mrs. Smith cut her husband short, stood next to him as he sat at the table reading the news on his tablet, and jabbed her finger towards him…
  • Till Human Voices Wake Us A Film By Indrani & Jerrick Media

    OMNI Reboot Staff
    24 Jul 2015 | 1:02 pm
    Indrani and Jerrick Media are proud to present the trailer for its most recent short, Till Human Voices Wake Us at the La Jolla Fashion Film Festival. The film stars Lindsay Lohan, Casie Chegwidden, and Jordan Weller, is directed by celebrity photographer Indrani, styled by G.K. Reid, with cinematography by the fabulous Pergrin Jung. “It was great fun working with Lindsay and the whole crew” said Indrani, “Till Human Voices Wake Us is a call to action through beauty and art, I believe it is the greatest moral imperative to use everything in our power to support the sustainability of…
  • An Alternate History in The Man In The High Castle

    Andrew Seel
    24 Jul 2015 | 6:00 am
    The United States never won WWII in The Man In The High Castle.  Have you ever wondered what it would have been like if we lost World War II? You don’t have to wonder anymore. Philip K. Dick’s 1962 novel, The Man in the High Castle, is an alternate history novel set 15 years after WWII that details what happened to America after we lost the war against Germany and Japan. It was one of the first novels to bring together the genres of alternate history and science fiction and won the Hugo Award for Best Novel in 1963. The book is still relevant today because of its themes of power and…
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    Machines Like Us

  • Mom's voice improves infant's social skills

    Machines Like Us
    27 Jul 2015 | 6:44 pm
    Psychologists at the University of York have revealed new evidence showing how specific language used by parents to talk to their babies can help their child to understand the thoughts of others when they get older. Studying the effects of maternal mind-mindedness (the ability to ‘tune in’ to their...
  • Meet the the Terrafugia TF-X flying car

    Machines Like Us
    27 Jul 2015 | 6:21 pm
    Terrafugia is excited to premier the new Outer Mold Line for the TF-X™, Terrafugia's vision for the future of personal transportation. The TF-X™ will be a four-seat, vertical takeoff and landing (VTOL) hybrid electric aircraft that makes flying easier and safer than ever before. Visit terrafugia...
  • Infrared spectrum makes solar cells more efficient

    Machines Like Us
    27 Jul 2015 | 4:32 pm
    When it comes to installing solar cells, labor cost and the cost of the land to house them constitute the bulk of the expense. The solar cells -- made often of silicon or cadmium telluride -- rarely cost more than 20 percent of the total cost. Solar energy could be made cheaper if less land had to...
  • Cosmic impact triggered Earth cooling episode

    Machines Like Us
    27 Jul 2015 | 4:25 pm
    At the end of the Pleistocene period, approximately 12,800 years ago­ -- give or take a few centuries -- a cosmic impact triggered an abrupt cooling episode that earth scientists refer to as the Younger Dryas. New research by UC Santa Barbara geologist James Kennett and an international group of...
  • Blood test identifies women with risk for postpartum depression

    Machines Like Us
    27 Jul 2015 | 4:17 pm
    Postpartum depression is a debilitating disorder that affects nearly 20 percent of new mothers, putting their infants at increased risk for poor behavioral, cognitive and social development. Researchers know that the hormone oxytocin, which plays a positive role in healthy birth, maternal bonding,...
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    The Vision Times » Science

  • U.K. Lifts Ban on Neonicotinoid Pesticides for 120 Days

    Troy Oakes
    27 Jul 2015 | 3:00 am
    Despite a ban on the use of neonicotinoid pesticides on crops that the EU brought into effect, the U.K. government has temporarily lifted it. It is allowing the use of the pesticides in parts of the country, though it is not known exactly which parts have the go ahead. The neonicotinoid pesticides have been linked to a drop in bee populations; there is evidence that shows wild bees that have come into contact with these chemicals have hives that contain two thirds fewer queens, resulting in a negative impact in their ability to survive over winter. Even with the EU-wide ban, the U.K.
  • Mysterious Patterns Discovered on Mountains in China

    Iris Lu
    25 Jul 2015 | 11:00 am
    Ten years ago, local shutterbug member Gao Shuxian of Chengdu, Sichuan Province, climbed up a newly built signal tower on the top of a mountain in Matou Village. He noticed a strange view over the north of the forest, but couldn’t figure out what it was. Ten years later, Gao checked the mountains using  satellite maps online, and saw the mysterious shapes in the forest. Unusual patterns in the forest were seen on the mountain, which are obviously Chinese characters. (Image: “When I was standing on the signal tower 10 years ago, I saw that some trees in the…
  • New Earth-Like Planet Discovered by the NASA Kepler Mission

    Troy Oakes
    25 Jul 2015 | 3:00 am
    The NASA Kepler mission has confirmed the first near-Earth-like planet in the “habitable zone” around a star similar to ours. The planet, called Kepler-452b, is the 1,030th planet confirmed by NASA, and is the most similar to Earth out of all of them. Kepler-452b is approximately 60 percent bigger than Earth, and is located 1,400 light years away in the constellation Cygnus. The discovery was made by astronomers while using the Kepler space telescope. The planet orbits a star that is a similar size and temperature to ours, but older. “On the 20th anniversary year of the discovery…
  • Can Technology Save the Rhino From Extinction?

    Troy Oakes
    24 Jul 2015 | 11:00 am
    There is a rhino killed every six hours in Africa, with conservationists fearing the animal’s extinction by 2035. But with a British-made system called Rapid (Real-time Anti-Poaching Intelligence Device), things are about to change. The system would be mounted in their horns and consists of a spy camera, and also has a heart monitor. With this system fitted on each rhino, it would help in catching poachers. It is being hailed as a “game changer” by animal protection activists. Rapid would be linked to an alarm and has a satellite-tracking device that will enable the authorities to act…
  • The Discovery of One of the Largest 1st Century BC Townships in Britain

    Troy Oakes
    24 Jul 2015 | 3:30 am
    Archaeologists and students from Bournemouth University (BU) in England have unearthed a previously unknown prehistoric town. They have called it “Duropolis” after the Celtic Iron Age Durotriges tribe that is believed to have lived in the settlement in the 1st century BC. There are 16 roundhouses that have been unearthed and more than 150 other roundhouse-associated features that have been identified through geophysical surveys. It is one of the earliest and largest open settlements to be unearthed in Britain. The find could shed light on what happened to the prehistoric…
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    Evolution Talk

  • The Missing Link

    Rick Coste
    26 Jul 2015 | 10:00 pm
    Evolution Talk Evolution Talk - The Oldest Story Ever Told Darwin himself never used the term ‘missing link’. He wasn't concerned with a missing link but he was concerned with gaps in the fossil record. It wasn’t that he thought these gaps hurt his theory. So where did this term come from and why is it still used? The post The Missing Link appeared first on Evolution Talk.
  • Self-Directed Evolution

    Rick Coste
    19 Jul 2015 | 10:00 pm
    Evolution Talk Evolution Talk - The Oldest Story Ever Told Mankind has only just begun to unlock the secrets hidden within our DNA. As we move from gene to gene we will begin to see how it all ties together, and where evolution made a few mistakes. It will be within our power to correct those mistakes. The post Self-Directed Evolution appeared first on Evolution Talk.
  • Mitochondrial Eve

    Rick Coste
    12 Jul 2015 | 10:00 pm
    Evolution Talk Evolution Talk - The Oldest Story Ever Told Mitochondrial DNA is only inherited from your mother. Everyone alive on earth today can trace their lineage back to Mitochondrial Eve. We know this because we’ve all received our Mitochondrial DNA from her. It has been passed down generation by generation from mother to daughter. The post Mitochondrial Eve appeared first on Evolution Talk.
  • The Anthropocene

    Rick Coste
    5 Jul 2015 | 10:00 pm
    Evolution Talk Evolution Talk - The Oldest Story Ever Told The Cretaceous period ended 65 million years ago as did the reign of the dinosaurs. According to the International Union of Geological Sciences, we are currently in the Holocene. The Holocene has seen a number of changes. It’s seen us cultivate the land, store food, and build long standing shelters. It’s also seen us craft tools to shape the world around us. Some scientists have proposed calling this era the Anthropocene. The post The Anthropocene appeared first on Evolution Talk.
  • Having a Laugh

    Rick Coste
    28 Jun 2015 | 10:00 pm
    Evolution Talk Evolution Talk - The Oldest Story Ever Told It’s probably safe to say that everyone enjoys a good laugh. But where did it come from? What is it about laughter that gave us an advantage over our ancient competitors? The post Having a Laugh appeared first on Evolution Talk.
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    Secondhand Science

  • Birthday Problem

    26 Jul 2015 | 7:48 pm
    What I’ve Learned: “The birthday problem: because nobody wants (or gets) to celebrate alone.” Birthdays often have problems. Whether it’s the annual reminder of impending mortality, Grandma getting you the totally the wrong Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtle action figure or Marilyn Monroe failing to jump out of your cake to wish you happy birthday. (Actually, regarding that last one, it would create a whole bunch of additional problems if she did. So stop wishing for that. There’s always Marilyn Manson, if you just can’t shake the idea. Good luck with that.) None…
  • Albedo

    18 Jul 2015 | 9:08 pm
    What I’ve Learned: “Albedo: upon further reflection, it keeps getting better.” I used to think “albedo” was a term for sex drive in people without skin pigmentation. This led to some very uncomfortable conversations. And, as someone who doesn’t tan very well, a lot of unsuccessful pickup lines. As it turns out, albedo means something a little bit different. It’s another word for “reflection coefficient”, which is the ratio of light reflected off an object to the amount of light pumped in. For a highly shiny object — Gwyneth…
  • Retrovirus

    12 Jul 2015 | 12:58 pm
    What I’ve Learned: “Retrovirus: when it comes back, you don’t really want to be there.” “Retro” is in right now. Of course, retro is always in. In the ’70s, people pined for the ’50s. In the ’90s, they wanted the ’70s back. And now, it’s ’90s nostalgia. So is a “retrovirus” just a cold bug that dresses like Blossom and listens to Nirvana CDs? No. For the love of everything holy in this world, it is not. A retrovirus is instead a virus that uses a process called reverse transcription. Because retroviruses…
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    Much Bigger Outside

  • Two Things Papers Don’t Show, but Should

    Mario Barbatti
    25 Jul 2015 | 11:27 pm
    Negative results and reproducibility, although central in science, are neglected by scientific publications. We urgently need specialized journals to deal with them. 1. Negative Results A good colleague and friend of mine—for privacy let’s fictionally call him Oliver—has a problem: his simulations don’t match the experiments. For months, he and his team worked on the computational simulations of a certain molecule. He did, as usual, a high-level and serious research. By the end, however, Oliver found out that the results of his simulations were exactly the opposite of the…
  • Yes, You Do Have a Thesis

    Mario Barbatti
    11 Jul 2015 | 11:43 pm
    You’ve worked for years, but can’t finish a final monograph that will earn you a degree. What’s going on? I’ve a few tips to help. Monographs, dissertations, theses. People work for years, finish all the credits and courses, do all the lab work, but can’t end that damn final text that will grant them a degree. I’ve known so many people going through such a situation that I think that I should come to their rescue, with few tips from my own experience. 1. Don’t ask about my thesis What do lead people to keep postponing their monographs forever? There…
  • The Tim Hunt’s Regret Rule

    Mario Barbatti
    28 Jun 2015 | 2:38 am
    With the Web, an ill-shaped comment or a bad-taste joke may bring disproportional shame and destroy lives. We urgently need to learn how to survive in these dangerous times.  In the beginning, words had the weight of dust: they floated in the air and disappeared before anybody noticed them. And then the Men said “Let there be the Web,” and there was the Web. The Men thought that the Web was good, as it fed them with the knowledge of good and evil. But the Web turned to the Men and said “I will give you the knowledge of good and evil, but in return I will also carve on…
  • To Whom the Bells Toll

    Mario Barbatti
    13 Jun 2015 | 11:07 pm
    #StopTheBells Why do secular democracies still allow church bells to be a pain in the ass, invading and disturbing people’s private lives? Which part of the lesson on religion-state separation they didn’t get? It’s always the same: you wake up early for work and still drowsy promise yourself that in the next weekend you’re going to sleep till the cows come home. Well, I do make such a promise every working day. However, since I moved over five years ago to Mülheim, a small town in west Germany, I could never keep it. The thing is that about 1 km from my home there are two…
  • Things that Science Knows, but Scientists Don’t

    Mario Barbatti
    6 Jun 2015 | 11:15 pm
    Hundreds of millions of scientific records, from papers to bureaucratic reports. They form a brain-like network where each node interacts with the others through us. Is science an emergent being who knows more than the scientists? It was about ten years ago when I started to develop the Newton-X program. (Not important for this post, but in simple terms Newton-X is a program to simulate the dynamics of molecules excited by light.) For a long time l had full control of the content and structure of the program. l was either coding it myself or closely controlling the contributions from other…
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    Johnson Matthey Technology Review

  • In the Lab: Combining Catalyst and Reagent Design for Electrophilic Alkynylation

    Johnson Matthey Technology Review
    27 Jul 2015 | 2:28 am
    Jérôme Waser is an Associate Professor in the Institute of Chemical Sciences and Engineering at the Ecole Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne (EPFL), Switzerland. His research focuses on the development of new reactions based on catalysis and synthons with non-conventional reactivity. About the Researcher Name: Jérôme Waser Position: Associate Professor Department: Institute of Chemical Sciences and... The post In the Lab: Combining Catalyst and Reagent Design for Electrophilic Alkynylation appeared first on Johnson Matthey Technology Review.
  • “Urea-SCR Technology for deNOx After Treatment of Diesel Exhausts”

    Johnson Matthey Technology Review
    21 Jul 2015 | 7:05 am
    The introduction and development of catalytic control for exhaust gas emissions from vehicles has been one of the major technical achievements over the last four decades. A huge number of cars were manufactured during this time that provided society with a high degree of personal mobility and without the continuous development of emissions control technologies... The post “Urea-SCR Technology for deNOx After Treatment of Diesel Exhausts” appeared first on Johnson Matthey Technology Review.
  • Atomic-Scale Modelling and its Application to Catalytic Materials Science

    Johnson Matthey Technology Review
    21 Jul 2015 | 6:45 am
    Computational methods are a burgeoning science within industry. In particular, recent advances have seen first-principles atomic-scale modelling leave the realm of the academic theory lab and enter mainstream industrial research. Herein we present an overview, focusing on catalytic applications in fuel cells, emission control and process catalysis and looking at some real industrial examples being undertaken within the Johnson Matthey Technology Centre. We proceed to discuss some underpinning research projects and give a perspective on where developments will come in the short to mid-term.
  • Sintering and Additive Manufacturing: The New Paradigm for the Jewellery Manufacturer

    Johnson Matthey Technology Review
    21 Jul 2015 | 3:07 am
    The use of various sintering technologies, allied to suitable powder metallurgy, has long been the subject of discussion within the global jewellery manufacturing community. This exciting, once theoretical and experimental technology is now undoubtedly a practical application suitable for the jewellery industry. All parts of the jewellery industry supply and value chains, and especially design and manufacturing, now need to become aware very quickly of just how unsettling and disruptive this technology introduction has the potential to become. This paper will offer various viewpoints that…
  • “Exploring Materials through Patent Information”

    Johnson Matthey Technology Review
    17 Jul 2015 | 5:24 am
    The majority of books and reviews on any area of technology development tend to focus on information published in the journal literature; reviews of the patent literature are more often confined to the prior art sections of patent documents. However, patents remain one of the best sources of detailed technical information, particularly where the invention... The post “Exploring Materials through Patent Information” appeared first on Johnson Matthey Technology Review.
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    Spin and Tonic

  • Faraday’s law in Matlab

    Debi Pattnaik
    2 Jul 2015 | 10:35 am
    A Faraday Law Matlab script – find and plot the electric and magnetic field components of a propagating electromagnetic wave. What is common between the... The post Faraday’s law in Matlab appeared first on Spin and Tonic.
  • Exciting Possibilities For Quantum Dots with Single Magnetic Ion

    Michal Grzybowski
    8 Jun 2015 | 7:02 am
    Magnetic Quantum Dots Optical control of a magnetic ion’s spin state in semiconductor quantum dots (QDs) is one of the exciting possible futures for magnetic... The post Exciting Possibilities For Quantum Dots with Single Magnetic Ion appeared first on Spin and Tonic.
  • Simulating an electromagnet in MATLAB

    Debi Pattnaik
    19 May 2015 | 5:56 am
    Simulating an electromagnet in MATLAB It will be quite a lie to say that there is any person in the world who is not fascinated... The post Simulating an electromagnet in MATLAB appeared first on Spin and Tonic.
  • Electric field lines in a coaxial cable

    Debi Pattnaik
    12 May 2015 | 6:35 am
    Electric field lines in a coaxial cable Originally posted in:, This is the first post in an occasional series to simulate a cyclotron. Before... The post Electric field lines in a coaxial cable appeared first on Spin and Tonic.
  • Microwave goodbye to inefficient spintronic microwave detectors

    Bryn Howells
    22 Apr 2015 | 9:29 am
    Magnetic tunnel junctions (MTJs) which comprise of a free magnetic layer (whose magnetization orientation can be manipulated) and a fixed magnetic layer (whose magnetization is... The post Microwave goodbye to inefficient spintronic microwave detectors appeared first on Spin and Tonic.
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  • Technology helps personalized medicine, enabling epigenomic analysis with a mere 100 cells

    27 Jul 2015 | 10:09 pm
    A new technology that will dramatically enhance investigations of epigenomes, the machinery that turns on and off genes and a very prominent field of study in diseases such as stem cell differentiation, inflammation and cancer, is reported on today in…
  • Elon Musk and Stephen Hawking Among Over 1000 to Urge Ban on Military Robots

    27 Jul 2015 | 9:27 pm
    More than 1,000 of the leading researchers in artificial intelligence (AI) and robotics have today signed and published an open letter calling for a ban on offensive autonomous weapons, also known colloquially as “killer robots”. The letter has also been…
  • Superfast Fluorescence Sets New Speed Record

    27 Jul 2015 | 8:30 pm
    Researchers have developed an ultrafast light-emitting device that can flip on and off 90 billion times a second and could form the basis of optical computing. At its most basic level, your smart phone’s battery is powering billions of transistors…
  • Scientists study predator-prey behavior between sharks and turtles

    27 Jul 2015 | 8:07 pm
    A new collaborative study led by scientists at the University of Miami (UM) Rosenstiel School of Marine and Atmospheric Science & Abess Center for Ecosystem Science & Policy examined predator-prey interactions between tiger sharks and sea turtles off the northwestern…
  • A cataclysmic event of a certain age

    27 Jul 2015 | 7:51 pm
    At the end of the Pleistocene period, approximately 12,800 years ago­ — give or take a few centuries — a cosmic impact triggered an abrupt cooling episode that earth scientists refer to as the Younger Dryas. New research by UC…
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  • Using Wireless Devices Does Give You Cancer

    24 Jul 2015 | 8:49 pm
    The connection between using wireless devices, such as phones and other wireless technologies and cancer has been established in a recent study which suggests that radiation from the wireless devices can cause metabolic imbalance in the body which could be the risk factors for various neurodegenerative diseases and cancer.  But an earlier study on health effects on using phone claimed that using phones do not cause cancer, however this new study sounds more convincing. The study which was published in Electromagnetic Biology and Medicine entitled “Oxidative Mechanisms of Biological…
  • 9 Different Stages of Pregnancy

    Guest Author
    24 Jul 2015 | 7:16 am
    There are different stages of pregnancy, which usually lasts for nine months in humans. Pregnancy constitutes of several physical and emotional changes that may differ in some women. Physical and emotional changes may include general weakness, nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain and back pain. Giving birth to a healthy and bouncing baby makes moms so proud. This is achievable if you embark on a healthy lifestyle and eat right. Exercises can also help to see you through all the nine stages of pregnancy. It is important to avoid smoking or alcohol and stay in touch with your doctor during your…
  • Amygdala Stimulated To Gain Key Insight Into SUDEP, Areas Of The Brain That Control Breathing Identified

    16 Jul 2015 | 7:41 am
    Researchers at University of Iowa have identified regions of the human brain responsible for controlling breath and for causing impaired breathing which leads to sudden unexpected death in epilepsy, SUDEP. According to the paper, “Breathing Inhibited When Seizures Spread to the Amygdala and upon Amygdala Stimulation” which was published in the Journal of Neuroscience, breathing may be impaired during and after seizures without the patient’s knowledge and this impaired breathing plays a critical role in causing SUDEP. For the study, researchers used electrical stimulation…
  • Mini Ice Age Expected To Take Place In 2030

    13 Jul 2015 | 10:31 am
    A new model of the Sun’s solar cycle has predicted irregularities within the Sun’s 11-year heartbeat. This model, which has made the most accurate prediction ever, suggests that the solar activity will drop by 60 percent during the 2030s, which means in 15 years, Earth could start experiencing mini ice age again, or likely sink into it. The conditions predicted by this new model have not been experienced since the last mini ice age known as the Maunder Minimum which lasted from 1645 to 1715. During this period, the sunspot activity was concentrated in the southern hemisphere of the…
  • Black Hole Explosion In Binary Star System Creates Shooting Target

    10 Jul 2015 | 6:25 am
    A team of astronomers led by Andrew Beardmore at the University of Leicester, U.K. have captured rings of X-ray light (resembling a shooting target) resulted due to black hole explosion in the centre of V404 Cygni, using the X-ray Telescope aboard NASA’s Swift satellite. The team includes scientists from the Southampton, and Oxford in the U.K., the University of Alberta in Canada, and the European Space Agency in Spain. V404 Cygni is a binary star system situated in the constellation Cygnus, which once had either late G or early K companion star revolving around each other under their…
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    Sci Fi Generation TV

  • Dust pillars of destruction reveal impact of cosmic wind on galaxy evolution

    28 Jul 2015 | 1:34 am
    Astronomers have long known that powerful cosmic winds can sometimes blow through galaxies, sweeping out interstellar material and stopping future star formation. Now they have a clearer snapshot of how it happens.A Yale University analysis of one such event in a nearby galaxy provides an unprecedented look at the process. The research is described in the Astronomical Journal.Specifically, Yale astronomer Jeffrey Kenney looked at the way the cosmic wind is eroding the gas and dust at the leading edge of the galaxy. The wind, or ram pressure, is caused by the galaxy’s orbital motion…
  • Ethics of tomorrow: Should androids have the right to have children?

    27 Jul 2015 | 7:32 pm
    In contemporary science fiction, we often see robots passing themselves off as humans. According to a UiS researcher, the genre problematizes what it takes to be accepted as a human being, and provides a useful contribution to the debate about who should have the right to reproduce.Science fiction culture has prospered and gone from being for nerds only in the 1970s and 1980s to becoming part of popular culture in the last two decades. This particularly applies to the TV series genre, which has become mainstream with Battlestar Galactica (2004), Heroes (2006) and Fringe (2009).“The…
  • A Scientist Deploys Light And Sound To Reveal The Brain

    27 Jul 2015 | 10:28 am
    A Scientist Deploys Light And Sound To Reveal The Brain:

    26 Jul 2015 | 9:01 am
  • Bigger, older cousin to Earth discovered

    26 Jul 2015 | 8:26 am
    NASA’s Kepler mission confirms planet in ‘habitable zone’ around sun-like starThis artist’s concept compares Earth (left) to the new planet, called Kepler-452b, which is about 60 percent larger in diameter.NASA’s Kepler mission has confirmed the first near-Earth-size planet in the “habitable zone” around a sun-like star. This discovery and the introduction of 11 other new small habitable zone candidate planets mark another milestone in the journey to finding another “Earth.”The newly discovered Kepler-452b is the smallest planet to date…
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    unveiling the reality


    Juan A. Hernández
    16 Jul 2015 | 4:08 pm
    This title might be confusing to the reader. Could such different aspects of the human nature share the same roots?. I am intending with this post to prove that this is the case. If we unveiled such roots, then the questions would be: could we use that knowledge in a practical way?, could we get cured from anger and lack of freedom with the same pill?. I invite the reader to follow next reflections and find out how I address the previous matters by introducing what I call “freedom meditation”. Fig.1 Anger and freedom, two sides of the same coin WHAT SAVED YOU ONCE CAN KILL YOU A HUNDRED…

    Juan A. Hernández
    31 May 2015 | 3:13 pm
    The idea for this post came up one day watching a political debate on the TV. The right wing candidate was standing for a statement while the left wing candidate was, obviously, standing for the opposing statement. The arguments used by both candidates looked well built, from the logical point of view. I wondered then, how it was possible that two radically opposing positions could be laid on correct logical foundations. Could be two opposing positions right at the same time?, was there any hidden trick in that debate?. This post is about filtering lies, or incorrect reasoning looking…

    Juan A. Hernández
    19 Apr 2015 | 3:16 am
    7000 MILLIONS OF DEFINITIONS OF HAPPINESS When I first decided to write on happiness and goal achievement, the first thing I wondered was, why 7000 millions of human beings living on planet earth have such a small set of goals in life. Some of these goals might be “I want to raise my children and provide them with a good quality of life”, “I want to get as much money as possible”, “I want to survive and minimize my effort by getting others to work for me”, “I want my soccer team to win the league” or “I want my mother-in-law to get dumb”, among a few others. Whatever the…

    Juan A. Hernández
    6 Mar 2015 | 10:20 am
    Welcome back to this blog. This month, I will be looking at the remaining points I left out from the first part of the post “REALITY IS A COMPLEX OBJECT”. In the first part, I explained the reasons behind the denial of complexity. I also talked about Plato’s allegory and his view on the human observation process of Reality. Then, I proceeded to introduce a series of reasons why Plato could be right, when he stated that the human observation of Reality is incomplete. The first reason was the existence of a possible dimensional mismatch between the real object to be measured and the…
  • Reality is a complex object (I)

    Juan A. Hernández
    23 Dec 2014 | 3:19 pm
    THE DENIAL OF COMPLEXITY HIDES OUR FEAR OF UNCERTAINTY Human beings do not withstand uncertainty very well. Uncertainty induces stress since our minds need to explain everything happening around us. It has been proved that when something occurs, and it is not easily explained by turning to our model of the world, an area in our brain called “left anterior cingulate cortex” (ACC) gets activated. This area would be responsible for conflict detection. On the other hand, another area in the brain gets activated, the so-called “dorsolateral prefrontal cortex” (DLPFC), which would be…
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