• Most Topular Stories

  • As Skin Cancer Rates Up, Surgeon General Warns: Keep Covered

    30 Jul 2014 | 9:17 am
    It's summer, it's beautiful outside -- keep covered! So warns the office of the U.S. Surgeon General. Continue reading →
  • Dark Matter Search Enters Round 2

    Scientific American
    28 Jul 2014 | 6:00 am
    Three experiments will begin upgrades that could help them corner the particles responsible for the universe’s missing mass   -- Read more on
  • Who Invented Paper?

    Nerdy Science Blog
    5 Jul 2014 | 8:17 pm
    Paper, as we all know, is commonly used for various purposes including printing, wrapping and writing. These days, it is normal for paper to be prepared using wood that is acquired from rapidly growing tress like: Pine Fir Spruce Now when it comes to the invention of paper, the one thing that we know is that the very first paper was produced in 3500 BC. It was the ancient Egyptians who did so. what they basically did was that they took strips of papyrus reeds, dampened them and produced a more so criss-cross pattern that was later pressed into sheets. Believe it or not, but the word paper has…
  • Passengers Screenwriter Talks about Time Dilation and a Story's Inner Truth

    Scientific American
    29 Jul 2014 | 7:35 am
    Hollywood's go-to hard science fiction and space epics writer Jon Spaihts says drama takes precedence but he also tries to write scripts that teach no harmful fallacies -- Read more on
  • Old Amber Collection Reveals Locust Evolution in Action

    30 Jul 2014 | 8:00 am
    A chunk of 20-million-year-old amber rediscovered from an old collection reveals a locust with remnants of wings that the insect has since lost. Continue reading →
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  • Depressed preschoolers still suffer years later

    Jim Dryden-WUSTL
    30 Jul 2014 | 8:40 am
    Children diagnosed with depression in preschool are 2.5 times more likely to have the condition in elementary and middle school, report researchers. “It’s the same old bad news about depression; it is a chronic and recurrent disorder,” says child psychiatrist Joan L. Luby, who directs Washington University’s Early Emotional Development Program. “But the good news is that if we can identify depression early, perhaps we have a window of opportunity to treat it more effectively and potentially change the trajectory of the illness so that it is less likely to be…
  • Can patients with cancer risk handle false positives?

    David Orenstein-Brown
    30 Jul 2014 | 8:36 am
    Many people who undergo preventative computerized tomography (CT) lung screenings receive positive results on the screening test, only to find out that they’re actually cancer-free. The US Preventive Services Task Force recently recommended this CT lung screening for people at high risk for cancer. Many policymakers have expressed concern that this high false-positive rate will cause patients to become needlessly upset. A new study of National Lung Screening Trial participant responses to false positive diagnoses, however, finds that those who received false positive screening…
  • Moms teach babies the smell of fear

    Kara Gavin-U. Michigan
    30 Jul 2014 | 7:50 am
    Anxious mother rats give off an odor that teaches their newborn babies to be afraid. Researchers studied mother rats who had learned to fear the smell of peppermint and saw them teach this fear to their babies in their first days of life by using an alarm odor that is released during distress. The scientists pinpointed the specific area of the brain where this fear transmission takes root in the earliest days of life. Their findings in animals may help explain a phenomenon that has puzzled mental health experts for generations: how a mother’s traumatic experience can affect her…
  • Minority colleges get a bad rap for graduation rates

    Joan Brasher-Vanderbilt
    30 Jul 2014 | 6:36 am
    A new study challenges the notion that minority students are less likely to complete their undergraduate degree if they attend minority-serving colleges and universities. Looking strictly at graduation statistics, historically black colleges and universities (HBCUs) lag about 7 percent below traditional institutions, and Hispanic-serving institutions (HSIs) trail by about 11 percent. (Credit: andcombust/Flickr) But graduation figures don’t tell the whole story, says Stella Flores, associate professor of public policy and higher education at Vanderbilt University. For a new study…
  • Gel fights breast cancer with fewer side effects

    Marla Paul-Northwestern
    29 Jul 2014 | 1:52 pm
    A tamoxifen gel applied to the breast may work as well as a pill form of the drug to slow the growth of cancer cells. Because the drug is absorbed through the skin directly into breast tissue, less of it enters the blood, potentially minimizing dangerous side effects such as blood clots and uterine cancer. Related Articles On FuturityMichigan State UniversityWhy hormone mix raises cancer risk Johns Hopkins University3D scan quickly shows if chemo kills liver cancerRutgersFat removal reduces skin cancer in mice The gel was tested on women diagnosed with non-invasive cancer ductal carcinoma in…
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    Science 2.0

  • Tree Nuts Linked To Decreased Blood Fats And Sugars - Systematic Review

    News Staff
    30 Jul 2014 | 8:41 am
    A systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized clinical trials on the effects of tree nuts for metabolic syndrome found a "modest decrease" in blood fats known as triglycerides and blood sugars compared to those who ate a control diet.   Tree nuts are such things as almonds, Brazil nuts, cashews, chestnuts, coconuts, hazelnuts, pecans, macadamia nuts, walnuts, pine nuts and pistachios and appear to help reduce two of the five markers for metabolic syndrome, a group of factors that raise the risk for heart disease and other health problems such as diabetes and strokes, a…
  • Blood Test Biomarker Could Help Prevent Spina Bifida

    News Staff
    30 Jul 2014 | 8:08 am
    Folate is a naturally occurring form of vitamin B found in food, while folic acid is synthetically produced and used in fortified foods and supplements. Taking folic acid before and during early pregnancy is linked to a reduction in the risk of neural tube defects like spina bifida. The current recommended dose is 400 ìg (micrograms) a day though it is unclear how much daily folic acid is needed to prevent neural tube defects. read more
  • Science 2.0: Big Data Shows Temperature Swings Are Here To Stay

    News Staff
    30 Jul 2014 | 7:46 am
    One of the most promising aspects of a Science 2.0 future is not just being able to analyze trillions of data points or getting the public to help with biology, but making more accurate models using much larger data sets. Big data. read more
  • Reading Glasses Are So 1,000 A.D. - Let's Have Vision-Correcting Displays

    News Staff
    30 Jul 2014 | 5:00 am
    For older people, and farsighted people, watching television while also reading this article can be challenging experiences because the eyes do not adjust. So people wear glasses down on their nose to read while they watch something farther away. It's the 21st century, The Future of Back To The Future is a year away, it's time to ditch spectacles and make the computer screens wear the glasses instead of people. read more
  • Medicaid May Be Why So Many Mentally Ill People Are In Prison

    News Staff
    30 Jul 2014 | 3:30 am
    In the 1800s, mentally ill people were in jail. Then they were put in more humane mental hospitals. But then mental hospitals got vilified in mainstream news stories and horror movies and they were closed and now mentally ill people are back in jails, 10 times as many as are in mental health facilities. Policy makers don't buy that psychology has value any more, and they feel only slightly better about psychiatry. Scrutiny and abuse has led politicians to demand tighter Medicaid policies governing antipsychotic drugs and a new paper links those tighter policies to increased incarceration…
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    Sciencebase - Science, Snaps, Songs

  • Virtual Art Conservation

    David Bradley
    30 Jul 2014 | 8:09 am
    This tweet showing a partially restored painting where 500 years of grime, varnish and earlier conservation efforts got me thinking. We usually see all these fabulous old paintings through a patina of filth and there are people trying to strip them back to the artist’s original view…but with digital images and Photoshop could this be done virtually for a whole lot of artworks. We colourise old monochrome photographs, this would be akin to that, taking the image back to what it really looked like… More details about this specific restoration work here. Virtual Art…
  • Sciencebase Fifteenth Anniversary

    David Bradley
    25 Jul 2014 | 8:42 am
    It was 20th July 1999 when I first registered the domain name and transferred my old Elemental Discoveries websites from various ISP and freenet type hosts to this super hub of science. Don’t the years just fly by? At that time, I was quite serious about building up a science portal (as they were then known) and publishing regular science news, views, and interviews in what would eventually become known as the blogging format. Quite by chance 20th July was the forty-fifth anniversary of a slightly more globally significant event – the first manned moon landing. When I…
  • The Real David Bradley

    David Bradley
    18 Jul 2014 | 7:36 am
    I feel awfully guilty calling myself “the real David Bradley” now that I’ve met the actor who played Argus Filch in the Harry Potter films and William Hartnell alongside actor Brian Cox in the BBC Dr Who period drama “An Adventure in Space and Time”. I just happened to bump into him in a pub whilst we were on a camping trip to North Norfolk. I introduced myself and he was more than happy to give me an autograph, but only if I gave him mine (apparently he knew of his namesake and the book Deceived Wisdom), which was rather gratifying. As two celebrities sharing a…
  • Buy “Wishful Thinking”

    David Bradley
    8 Jul 2014 | 1:43 am
    Click a button above to buy Dave “Sciencebass” Bradley’s album “Wishful Thinking” from iTunes, BandCamp and Google play. Also on ReverbNation and available for streaming via Spotify as sciencebass (Wishful Thinking) and Dave Bradley (covers EP also on Loudr.FM). In case you didn’t know, I wear three hats: a science journalist’s green eyeshade, a backwards turned baseball cap for shooting photographs and a really trendy felt hat for writing songs…well, not really. But I have written and recorded a bunch of acoustic and electric reflecting…
  • Just a moderate bee sting

    David Bradley
    2 Jul 2014 | 1:55 am
    When the garden lawn is covered in blooming clover (Trifolium) and the last few honeybees (Apis mellifera) that haven’t yet succumbed to colony collapse disorder are busy about their floral business, it’s probably a good idea to not walk around barefoot in the garden with one’s reading glasses on, it would help avoid all that embarrassing hopping about in blooming apitoxin-induced pain…caused mainly by melittin…
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    Newswise: SciNews

  • Finding Quantum Lines of Desire

    Washington University in St. Louis
    30 Jul 2014 | 11:00 am
    What paths do quantum particles, such as atoms or photons, follow through quantum state space? Kater Murch of Washington University in St. Louis has used an "artificial atom" to continuously and repeatedly record the paths through quantum state space. From the cobweb of a million paths, a most likely path between two quantum states emerged, much as social trails emerge as people round off corners or cut across lawns between buildings.
  • Mapping the Optimal Route Between Two Quantum States

    University of Rochester
    30 Jul 2014 | 11:00 am
    As a quantum state collapses from a quantum superposition to a classical state or a different superposition, it will follow a path known as a quantum trajectory. In a new paper featured this week on the cover of Nature, scientists have shown that it is possible to track these quantum trajectories and compare them to a recently developed theory for predicting the most likely path a system will take between two states.
  • Young Binary Star System May Form Planets with Weird and Wild Orbits

    National Radio Astronomy Observatory
    30 Jul 2014 | 11:00 am
    While surveying a series of binary stars with the ALMA telescope, astronomers uncovered a striking pair of wildly misaligned planet-forming disks in the young binary star system HK Tau.
  • Improving Beef Quality Through Maternal Nutrition

    South Dakota State University
    30 Jul 2014 | 10:00 am
    Manipulating a cow's nutrition level during the second trimester can alter the carcass composition of her offspring, according to South Dakota State University meat scientist Amanda Blair. Fetal programming is the concept that during fetus development important biological parameters can be manipulated by environmental events and these alterations can carry through to maturity. The long-term goal is to improve the quality and quantity of beef.
  • Smithsonian Snapshot: Hello There, Mr. Cone-Headed Katydid

    Smithsonian Institution
    30 Jul 2014 | 8:00 am
    Looking like a character from a classic Saturday Night Live skit, this cone-headed katydid (Copiphora rhinoceros) unsurprisingly gets its name from its pointy-shaped head.
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    Digg Science News

  • The Dapper Doctor’s Vaporized Sushi And Clouds Of Cognac

    29 Jul 2014 | 1:15 am
    Breaking down the walls between art and science , a trans-Atlantic Ph.D. is whimsically challenging the way we think about eating and imbibing.
  • A Bunch Of Science Writers Wrote Legitimate Papers On Tatooine

    24 Jul 2014 | 5:35 pm
    Because science writing is focused on real efforts to understand the real universe, you might reasonably ask why a collection of science writers have chosen to spend time and creative energy writing about imaginary animals from a planet that does not exist.
  • Sixth-Grader's Science Fair Finding Shocks Ecologists

    21 Jul 2014 | 11:29 am
    When 12-year-old Lauren Arrington heard about her sixth-grade science project, she knew she wanted to study lionfish. Growing up in Jupiter, Florida, she saw them in the ocean while snorkeling and fishing with her dad. Her project showed that the lionfish can survive in nearly fresh water. The results blew away professional ecologists.
  • Top Universities Getting Women To Pursue Computer Science

    19 Jul 2014 | 5:00 am
    One of the reasons so few women work in tech is that few choose to study computer science or engineering. At a few top college programs, though, that appears to be changing.
  • What Is Science For?

    18 Jul 2014 | 10:49 am
    In this portfolio of curated texts and visual material, D. Graham Burnett and Mark Dion — who shared a studio for a year while each working at the intersection of artistic practice and the history of science — juxtapose a collection of telling historical quotations with images that evoke collective fantasies of rational inquiry into nature.
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  • 9 Things to Know About Reviving the Recently Dead

    Greg Miller
    30 Jul 2014 | 5:30 am
    In 1986, a two-and-a-half year-old girl named Michelle Funk fell into a stream and drowned. By the time paramedics found her, she hadn’t been breathing for more than an hour. Her heart was stopped. In other words, she was dead. Somewhat inexplicably, the paramedics continued to work on her, and so did doctors in the […]
  • Fantastically Wrong: The Angry, Enormous Eagle That Could Carry Off Elephants

    Matt Simon
    30 Jul 2014 | 3:30 am
    On the 556th evening of successfully not being murdered by her chucklehead king of a husband in the Arabian Nights, Scheherazade relates the tale of Sinbad’s tanglings with a beast most cruel. Sailing from city to city with merchants, Sinbad eventually comes to a deserted island, where he spies a huge white dome half buried […]
  • What’s Up With That: Why Does Your Dog Seem to Know What Time It Is?

    Adam Mann
    29 Jul 2014 | 3:30 am
    It’s five o’clock, and your dog is excitedly wagging her tail and nuzzling against you. Your furry friend is hungry and seems to know that this is the hour you usually feed her. But was this performance a simple reaction to a rumbling in Ginger’s tummy or are canines actually able to somehow read the clock? […]
  • These Medical Apps Have Doctors and the FDA Worried

    Robert McMillan
    29 Jul 2014 | 3:30 am
    Iltifat Husain has seen an awful lot of sickness and injury during his time as an emergency room doctor, but lately, he’s worried about something new. He’s worried about the ill effects of mobile healthcare apps. There are hundreds of medically themed apps in Apple’s App Store and Google Play, and by most accounts, they’ve […]
  • Watch Live: Delta Aquarid Meteor Shower Lights Up the Night Sky

    Adam Mann
    28 Jul 2014 | 5:00 pm
    [HTML1] You can watch the spectacular night sky show of the Delta Aquarid meteor shower with a live online broadcast from the Slooh Space Camera, starting tonight at 7 p.m. PT/10 p.m. ET. Meteor showers occur when the Earth passes through the debris left behind by a comet as it swung in close to the […]
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  • The 3 Types of Buyers, and How to Optimize for Each One

    Jeremy Smith
    30 Jul 2014 | 5:00 am
    [Guest post by Jeremy Smith.] I absolutely love buyer psychology and neuroeconomics. Want to know why? ● Because it’s like a secret weapon that produces torrents of conversions (and money). ● Because it’s the only real way to understand why and how buyers make purchases. ● Because it’s the proven route to successful marketing. ● [...]
  • Why Your Website Launch is DOA, Twitter Psychology, & More – Roger’s Picks

    Roger Dooley
    25 Jul 2014 | 6:43 am
    Here’s what we discovered this week, with my own new content below: This may not be the most important new study, but it’s certainly one of the stranger ones. Research by professors at the University of California – Riverside found that Wide-faced men negotiate nearly $2,200 larger signing bonus. I suppose plastic surgery would be [...]
  • A Super-Simple Way to Make Your Prices Seem Lower… With One Catch

    Roger Dooley
    22 Jul 2014 | 6:08 am
    Want to make your prices seem lower without actually changing them? Here's a research-based technique that will do exactly that, with one small catch... it doesn't work equally well for male and female customers!
  • Be Like Bond, Use Persuasion Psychology, and More – Roger’s Picks

    Roger Dooley
    18 Jul 2014 | 7:15 am
    We’re playing catchup after a rare vacation, so here’s the best of the best for the last couple of weeks! Who doesn’t want to be James Bond, at least when he isn’t being tortured by a sadistic villain? I’m sure some 007 movie buff will provide a counter-example, but I don’t recall the fictional secret [...]
  • A Totally Bizarre Way to To Get More Phone Leads

    Roger Dooley
    16 Jul 2014 | 4:14 am
    My recent podcast interview with Brian Massey (@bmassey), aka The Conversion Scientist, had plenty of practical takeaways, but one of my favorites was Brian’s description of a test he ran to boost phone leads. Brian’s firm was charged with trying to turn more visitors into phone inquiries. When they tested different combinations of web lead [...]
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  • Emerald Therapeutics: they do your experiments for you

    Bayle Shanks
    11 Jul 2014 | 11:41 am
    They bought a bunch of machines to automate common experimental techniques and wrote software allowing the machines to be remotely programmed over the web. They plan to charge on a per-experiment basis. They are soliciting beta testers for 2015. Here’s the techniques that they can run. Here’s (slightly) more detail.
  • Computing with microtubules (Craddock, Tuszynski, Hameroff 2012)

    Bayle Shanks
    25 Jun 2014 | 1:01 am
    This paper hypothesizes that postsynaptic CaMKII (calcium/calmodulin-dependent protein kinase II) receives synaptic input and then interacts with via phosphorylation, suggesting that memories may be encoded in the microtubules in this way. They note that the size and shape of CaMKII appears to be just right to phosphorylate the hexagonal lattices of tubulin proteins in microtubules. The paper also can “demonstrate microtubule-associated protein logic gates, and show how patterns of phosphorylated tubulins in microtubules can control neuronal functions by triggering axonal firings,…
  • Topological analysis of population activity in visual cortex

    Bayle Shanks
    2 Nov 2013 | 2:34 am
    Singh, G., Memoli, F., Ishkhanov, T., Sapiro, G., Carlsson, G., & Ringach, D. L. (2008). Topological analysis of population activity in visual cortex. Journal of Vision, 8(8):11, 1–18,, doi:10.1167/8.8.11 From sparsely sampled data, we can attempt to estimate some of topological structure of the data. Toplogical structure is here represented by Betti numbers. The paper explains this best: Consider a world where objects are made of elastic rubber. Two objects are considered equivalent if they can be deformed into each other without tearing the…
  • Technique named ‘clarity’ makes chunks of dead brain transparent, allowing fluorescent labeling

    Bayle Shanks
    10 Apr 2013 | 3:47 pm
    This technique takes a dead brain and permeates it with a transparent hydrogel matrix to keep proteins and nucleic acids in place. Then it removes the lipids. I guess the lipids are all that makes the brain opaque. At this point the brain is transparent but maintains its original structure so you can still label the proteins and nucleic acids.
  • Neuroscience as a new national priority

    Neville Sanjana
    2 Apr 2013 | 7:20 am
    President Obama: “Now, it’s time to get to work.” NYT article:   JOIN THE LIVE CHAT VISIT WHITEHOUSE.GOV
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    Mind Hacks

  • Are women and men forever destined to think differently?

    30 Jul 2014 | 9:39 am
    By Tom Stafford, University of Sheffield The headlines The Australian: Male and female brains still unequal The International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis: Gender disparities in cognition will not diminish The Economist: A variation in the cognitive abilities of the two sexes may be more about social development than gender stereotypes The story Everybody has an opinion on men, women and the difference (or not) between them. Now a new study has used a massive and long-running European survey to investigate how differences in cognitive ability are changing. This is super smart,…
  • Shuffle Your Mind: Short Film Screenings

    29 Jul 2014 | 10:37 am
    If you’re around in London Saturday 2nd August I’m curating a showing of short films about psychosis, hallucinations and mental health as part of the fantastic Shuffle Festival. The films include everything from a first-person view of voice hearing, to out-of-step behaviour in the urban sprawl, to a free-diver’s deep sea hallucinations. There will be a discussion after the showing with film-makers and first-person visionaries about the challenges of depicting altered minds, other inner worlds and the limits of mental health. Tickets are free but you have to book as there are…
  • Seeing ourselves through the eyes of the machine

    27 Jul 2014 | 3:21 am
    I’ve got an article in The Observer about how our inventions have profoundly shaped how we view ourselves because we’ve traditionally looked to technology for metaphors of human nature. We tend to think that we understand ourselves and then create technologies to take advantage of that new knowledge but it usually happens the other way round – we invent something new and then use that as a metaphor to explain the mind and brain. As history has moved on, the mind has been variously explained in terms of a wax tablets, a house with many rooms, pressures and fluids, phonograph…
  • Awaiting a theory of neural weather

    26 Jul 2014 | 11:34 am
    In a recent New York Times editorial, psychologist Gary Marcus noted that neuroscience is still awaiting a ‘bridging’ theory that elegantly connects neuroscience with psychology. This reflects a common belief in cognitive science that there is a ‘missing law’ to be discovered that will tell us how mind and brain are linked – but it is quite possible there just isn’t one to be discovered. Marcus, not arguing for the theory himself, describes it when he writes: What we are really looking for is a bridge, some way of connecting two separate scientific…
  • Out on a limb too many

    26 Jul 2014 | 4:55 am
    Two neuropsychologists have written a fascinating review article about the desire to amputate a perfectly healthy limb known variously as apotemnophilia, xenomelia or body integrity identity disorder The article is published in the Journal of Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment although some who have these desires would probably disagree that it is a disease or disorder and are more likely to compare it to something akin to being transgender. The article also discusses the two main themes in the research literature: an association with sexual fetish for limb aputation (most associated with…
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  • Occupational Health News Roundup [The Pump Handle]

    Kim Krisberg
    30 Jul 2014 | 7:21 am
    Fast food workers may have just received a huge boost, thanks to a ruling from the National Labor Relations Board. Steven Greenhouse reports in The New York Times that the board’s general counsel has ruled that McDonald’s is jointly responsible for labor violations at its franchises — “a decision that if upheld would disrupt longtime practices in the fast-food industry and ease the way for unionizing nationwide,” Greenhouse writes. The article reports that of the 181 unfair labor practice complaints filed against McDonald’s and its franchises in the last 20 months, the board’s…
  • Chiropractic “research” and autism [Respectful Insolence]

    30 Jul 2014 | 6:00 am
    Leave it to my good buddy Mark Crislip over at the Society for Science-Based Medicine to have my back when I don’t have a lot of time for a detailed post. (Basically, I was being a good university and cancer center citizen last night, going out to dinner with a visiting professor, and I ended up staying out later than I thought. Fortunately, it was a bunch of people that I liked, and it was a very nice restaurant, which made being good enjoyable, particularly when we got to talk a lot of science.) He pointed me to an absolutely horrible study. The modality is perhaps not quite as bad as…
  • Uncertain Dots 20 [Uncertain Principles]

    Chad Orzel
    30 Jul 2014 | 5:11 am
    In which Rhett and I talk about awful academic computing systems, Worldcon, our Wikipedia pages, and AAPT meeting envy. Some links: – Rhett’s Wikipedia entry – My Wikipedia entry – The 2014 AAPT Summer Meeting – LonCon 3, this year’s Worldcon – My puzzling Worldcon schedule We have some ideas for what to do next time, when our little hangout is old enough to drink, but you need to watch all the way to the end to hear those.
  • Replies to Smith and Klinghoffer [EvolutionBlog]

    29 Jul 2014 | 8:52 pm
    Wesley Smith and David Klinghoffer have now replied to yesterday’s post, here and here respectively. Smith’s reply simply ignores all of the main points that I made. He’s mostly sore that I did not discuss two specific cases from his original essay, of people who faced great physical suffering but overcame it to live long and meaningful lives. I did not discuss those cases because they were entirely irrelevant to the points I was making. I had two main points. One was that everyone has the right to personal autonomy and dignity. The other was that it is possible to reach a…
  • The Opportunity of a Lifetime… on Mars! (Synopsis) [Starts With A Bang]

    29 Jul 2014 | 6:28 pm
    “In any field, find the strangest thing and then explore it.”  John Archibald Wheeler It’s been over a decade, nearly a hundred thousand turns of its wheels and an unprecedented journey that still continues. But finally, after all this time, the Mars Opportunity rover has arrived. Image credit: NASA/JPL-Caltech/Cornell/Arizona State Univ. Not anyplace that isn’t just like something it’s seen hundreds of times before; this crater is run-of-the-mill if anything is. But after more than 10 years, Mars Opportunity has finally broken the distance record for a roving…
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  • Farming The Bluefin Tuna, Tiger Of The Ocean, Is Not Without A Price

    Dan Charles
    30 Jul 2014 | 1:59 am
    Scientists are trying to raise prized bluefin tuna completely in captivity. An experiment at a Baltimore university is the first successful attempt in North America.» E-Mail This
  • Want To Reduce Your Carbon Footprint? Choose Mackerel Over Shrimp

    April Fulton
    29 Jul 2014 | 2:07 pm
    Sardines and other small, oily fish are some of the most nutritious in the sea. Now there's another reason to eat them: Fishermen use a lot less fuel to catch them than many other kinds of seafood.» E-Mail This
  • The 30-Foot High Pile Of Bones That Could Be A DNA Treasure Trove

    29 Jul 2014 | 1:09 pm
    The Natural Trap Cave in Wyoming may hold specimens of DNA from animals who roamed thousands of years ago. Julie Meachem, a paleontologist leading the expedition into the cave, speaks with Audie Cornish about the secrets she hopes to find.» E-Mail This
  • Welcome To The Nuclear Command Bunker

    Geoff Brumfiel
    29 Jul 2014 | 12:28 pm
    A small cadre of officers is responsible for keeping America's nukes on alert 24/7. Here's a peek into their world, and what it takes to do the job.» E-Mail This
  • Widely Used Insecticides Are Leaching Into Midwest Rivers

    Maanvi Singh
    29 Jul 2014 | 11:23 am
    Researchers found that a class of chemicals similar to nicotine and used on corn and soy farms has run off into streams and rivers in the Midwest. There they may be harming aquatic life, like insects.» E-Mail This
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    EE Times

  • IBM Breaks EUV Throughput Record

    Rick Merritt
    30 Jul 2014 | 10:20 am
    An ASML NXE3300B extreme ultraviolet scanner exposed 637 wafers in 24 hours in its first test at an IBM facility in Albany, N.Y., but still has miles to go before it is ready for commercial use.
  • Google Opens Google Glass Basecamps

    Tom Emrich
    30 Jul 2014 | 8:50 am
    Google has set up three basecamps to help long-term Explorers, those new to the program, and those just interested in learning more about its first wearable tech.
  • 25G Ethernet Looks Back to Future

    John D'Ambrosia
    30 Jul 2014 | 3:00 am
    The chairman of the group that set 40 and 100 Gbit/s Ethernet standards gives his perspective on the recent decision to explore a 25G interface.
  • Introducing FPGA-Based Acceleration for High-Frequency Trading

    Khaled Aly
    29 Jul 2014 | 2:00 pm
    Handling market data is of highest merit and demands the most streamlined implementations. FPGA deployment in High-Frequency Trading (HFT) is rising in magnitude and widening in functional coverage.
  • GM's Powermat Deal Falls Short

    Jessica Lipsky
    29 Jul 2014 | 12:45 pm
    General Motors recently announced that it will include multimode wireless charging in its 2015 Cadillacs, along with several other models. Adding standard wireless charging (albeit to a luxury vehicle) is a step in the right direction, but an inductive-based system may not be as forward thinking as GM would hope.
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    PLOS Biology: New Articles

  • Mitosis Gives a Brief Window of Opportunity for a Change in Gene Transcription

    Richard P. Halley-Stott et al.
    29 Jul 2014 | 2:00 pm
    by Richard P. Halley-Stott, Jerome Jullien, Vincent Pasque, John Gurdon Cell differentiation is remarkably stable but can be reversed by somatic cell nuclear transfer, cell fusion, and iPS. Nuclear transfer to amphibian oocytes provides a special opportunity to test transcriptional reprogramming without cell division. We show here that, after nuclear transfer to amphibian oocytes, mitotic chromatin is reprogrammed up to 100 times faster than interphase nuclei. We find that, as cells traverse mitosis, their genes pass through a temporary phase of unusually high responsiveness to oocyte…
  • Intense Sperm-Mediated Sexual Conflict Promotes Reproductive Isolation in Caenorhabditis Nematodes

    Janice J. Ting et al.
    29 Jul 2014 | 2:00 pm
    by Janice J. Ting, Gavin C. Woodruff, Gemma Leung, Na-Ra Shin, Asher D. Cutter, Eric S. Haag Conflict between the sexes over reproductive interests can drive rapid evolution of reproductive traits and promote speciation. Here we show that inter-species mating between Caenorhabditis nematodes sterilizes maternal individuals. The principal effectors of male-induced harm are sperm cells, which induce sterility and shorten lifespan by displacing conspecific sperm, invading the ovary, and sometimes breaching the gonad to infiltrate other tissues. This sperm-mediated harm is pervasive across…
  • Rogue Sperm Indicate Sexually Antagonistic Coevolution in Nematodes

    Ronald E. Ellis et al.
    29 Jul 2014 | 2:00 pm
    by Ronald E. Ellis, Lukas Schärer Intense reproductive competition often continues long after animals finish mating. In many species, sperm from one male compete with those from others to find and fertilize oocytes. Since this competition occurs inside the female reproductive tract, she often influences the outcome through physical or chemical factors, leading to cryptic female choice. Finally, traits that help males compete with each other are sometimes harmful to females, and female countermeasures may thwart the interests of males, which can lead to an arms race between the sexes known as…
  • Natural Selection on Individual Variation in Tolerance of Gastrointestinal Nematode Infection

    Adam D. Hayward et al.
    29 Jul 2014 | 2:00 pm
    by Adam D. Hayward, Daniel H. Nussey, Alastair J. Wilson, Camillo Berenos, Jill G. Pilkington, Kathryn A. Watt, Josephine M. Pemberton, Andrea L. Graham Hosts may mitigate the impact of parasites by two broad strategies: resistance, which limits parasite burden, and tolerance, which limits the fitness or health cost of increasing parasite burden. The degree and causes of variation in both resistance and tolerance are expected to influence host–parasite evolutionary and epidemiological dynamics and inform disease management, yet very little empirical work has addressed tolerance in wild…
  • Codon-by-Codon Modulation of Translational Speed and Accuracy Via mRNA Folding

    Jian-Rong Yang et al.
    22 Jul 2014 | 2:00 pm
    by Jian-Rong Yang, Xiaoshu Chen, Jianzhi Zhang Rapid cell growth demands fast protein translational elongation to alleviate ribosome shortage. However, speedy elongation undermines translational accuracy because of a mechanistic tradeoff. Here we provide genomic evidence in budding yeast and mouse embryonic stem cells that the efficiency–accuracy conflict is alleviated by slowing down the elongation at structurally or functionally important residues to ensure their translational accuracies while sacrificing the accuracy for speed at other residues. Our computational analysis in yeast with…
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    PLOS Computational Biology: New Articles

  • Membrane Interaction of Bound Ligands Contributes to the Negative Binding Cooperativity of the EGF Receptor

    Anton Arkhipov et al.
    24 Jul 2014 | 2:00 pm
    by Anton Arkhipov, Yibing Shan, Eric T. Kim, David E. Shaw The epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) plays a key role in regulating cell proliferation, migration, and differentiation, and aberrant EGFR signaling is implicated in a variety of cancers. EGFR signaling is triggered by extracellular ligand binding, which promotes EGFR dimerization and activation. Ligand-binding measurements are consistent with a negatively cooperative model in which the ligand-binding affinity at either binding site in an EGFR dimer is weaker when the other site is occupied by a ligand. This cooperativity is…
  • Web-Based Computational Chemistry Education with CHARMMing II: Coarse-Grained Protein Folding

    Frank C. Pickard et al.
    24 Jul 2014 | 2:00 pm
    by Frank C. Pickard, Benjamin T. Miller, Vinushka Schalk, Michael G. Lerner, H. Lee Woodcock, Bernard R. Brooks A lesson utilizing a coarse-grained (CG) G-like model has been implemented into the CHARMM INterface and Graphics (CHARMMing) web portal ( to the Chemistry at HARvard Macromolecular Mechanics (CHARMM) molecular simulation package. While widely used to model various biophysical processes, such as protein folding and aggregation, CG models can also serve as an educational tool because they can provide qualitative descriptions of complex biophysical phenomena for a…
  • From Spontaneous Motor Activity to Coordinated Behaviour: A Developmental Model

    Hugo Gravato Marques et al.
    24 Jul 2014 | 2:00 pm
    by Hugo Gravato Marques, Arjun Bharadwaj, Fumiya Iida In mammals, the developmental path that links the primary behaviours observed during foetal stages to the full fledged behaviours observed in adults is still beyond our understanding. Often theories of motor control try to deal with the process of incremental learning in an abstract and modular way without establishing any correspondence with the mammalian developmental stages. In this paper, we propose a computational model that links three distinct behaviours which appear at three different stages of development. In order of appearance,…
  • Analysis of Stop-Gain and Frameshift Variants in Human Innate Immunity Genes

    Antonio Rausell et al.
    24 Jul 2014 | 2:00 pm
    by Antonio Rausell, Pejman Mohammadi, Paul J. McLaren, Istvan Bartha, Ioannis Xenarios, Jacques Fellay, Amalio Telenti Loss-of-function variants in innate immunity genes are associated with Mendelian disorders in the form of primary immunodeficiencies. Recent resequencing projects report that stop-gains and frameshifts are collectively prevalent in humans and could be responsible for some of the inter-individual variability in innate immune response. Current computational approaches evaluating loss-of-function in genes carrying these variants rely on gene-level characteristics such as…
  • Collective Behaviour without Collective Order in Wild Swarms of Midges

    Alessandro Attanasi et al.
    24 Jul 2014 | 2:00 pm
    by Alessandro Attanasi, Andrea Cavagna, Lorenzo Del Castello, Irene Giardina, Stefania Melillo, Leonardo Parisi, Oliver Pohl, Bruno Rossaro, Edward Shen, Edmondo Silvestri, Massimiliano Viale Collective behaviour is a widespread phenomenon in biology, cutting through a huge span of scales, from cell colonies up to bird flocks and fish schools. The most prominent trait of collective behaviour is the emergence of global order: individuals synchronize their states, giving the stunning impression that the group behaves as one. In many biological systems, though, it is unclear whether global order…
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    PLOS Genetics: New Articles

  • Cuba: Exploring the History of Admixture and the Genetic Basis of Pigmentation Using Autosomal and Uniparental Markers

    Beatriz Marcheco-Teruel et al.
    24 Jul 2014 | 2:00 pm
    by Beatriz Marcheco-Teruel, Esteban J. Parra, Evelyn Fuentes-Smith, Antonio Salas, Henriette N. Buttenschøn, Ditte Demontis, María Torres-Español, Lilia C. Marín-Padrón, Enrique J. Gómez-Cabezas, Vanesa Álvarez-Iglesias, Ana Mosquera-Miguel, Antonio Martínez-Fuentes, Ángel Carracedo, Anders D. Børglum, Ole Mors We carried out an admixture analysis of a sample comprising 1,019 individuals from all the provinces of Cuba. We used a panel of 128 autosomal Ancestry Informative Markers (AIMs) to estimate the admixture proportions. We also characterized a number of haplogroup diagnostic…
  • MDRL lncRNA Regulates the Processing of miR-484 Primary Transcript by Targeting miR-361

    Kun Wang et al.
    24 Jul 2014 | 2:00 pm
    by Kun Wang, Teng Sun, Na Li, Yin Wang, Jian-Xun Wang, Lu-Yu Zhou, Bo Long, Cui-Yun Liu, Fang Liu, Pei-Feng Li Long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) are emerging as new players in gene regulation, but whether lncRNAs operate in the processing of miRNA primary transcript is unclear. Also, whether lncRNAs are involved in the regulation of the mitochondrial network remains to be elucidated. Here, we report that a long noncoding RNA, named mitochondrial dynamic related lncRNA (MDRL), affects the processing of miR-484 primary transcript in nucleus and regulates the mitochondrial network by targeting…
  • An Intronic microRNA Links Rb/E2F and EGFR Signaling

    Mary Truscott et al.
    24 Jul 2014 | 2:00 pm
    by Mary Truscott, Abul B. M. M. K. Islam, James Lightfoot, Núria López-Bigas, Maxim V. Frolov The importance of microRNAs in the regulation of various aspects of biology and disease is well recognized. However, what remains largely unappreciated is that a significant number of miRNAs are embedded within and are often co-expressed with protein-coding host genes. Such a configuration raises the possibility of a functional interaction between a miRNA and the gene it resides in. This is exemplified by the Drosophila melanogaster dE2f1 gene that harbors two miRNAs, mir-11 and mir-998, within its…
  • An ARID Domain-Containing Protein within Nuclear Bodies Is Required for Sperm Cell Formation in Arabidopsis thaliana

    Binglian Zheng et al.
    24 Jul 2014 | 2:00 pm
    by Binglian Zheng, Hui He, Yanhua Zheng, Wenye Wu, Sheila McCormick In plants, each male meiotic product undergoes mitosis, and then one of the resulting cells divides again, yielding a three-celled pollen grain comprised of a vegetative cell and two sperm cells. Several genes have been found to act in this process, and DUO1 (DUO POLLEN 1), a transcription factor, plays a key role in sperm cell formation by activating expression of several germline genes. But how DUO1 itself is activated and how sperm cell formation is initiated remain unknown. To expand our understanding of sperm cell…
  • Determinative Developmental Cell Lineages Are Robust to Cell Deaths

    Jian-Rong Yang et al.
    24 Jul 2014 | 2:00 pm
    by Jian-Rong Yang, Shuxiang Ruan, Jianzhi Zhang All forms of life are confronted with environmental and genetic perturbations, making phenotypic robustness an important characteristic of life. Although development has long been viewed as a key component of phenotypic robustness, the underlying mechanism is unclear. Here we report that the determinative developmental cell lineages of two protostomes and one deuterostome are structured such that the resulting cellular compositions of the organisms are only modestly affected by cell deaths. Several features of the cell lineages, including their…
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    PLOS Pathogens: New Articles

  • Correction: Malaria Parasite Infection Compromises Control of Concurrent Systemic Non-typhoidal Salmonella Infection via IL-10-Mediated Alteration of Myeloid Cell Function

    25 Jul 2014 | 2:00 pm
    by The PLOS Pathogens Staff
  • Antibody to gp41 MPER Alters Functional Properties of HIV-1 Env without Complete Neutralization

    Arthur S. Kim et al.
    24 Jul 2014 | 2:00 pm
    by Arthur S. Kim, Daniel P. Leaman, Michael B. Zwick Human antibody 10E8 targets the conserved membrane proximal external region (MPER) of envelope glycoprotein (Env) subunit gp41 and neutralizes HIV-1 with exceptional potency. Remarkably, HIV-1 containing mutations that reportedly knockout 10E8 binding to linear MPER peptides are partially neutralized by 10E8, producing a local plateau in the dose response curve. Here, we found that virus partially neutralized by 10E8 becomes significantly less neutralization sensitive to various MPER antibodies and to soluble CD4 while becoming…
  • The Semen Microbiome and Its Relationship with Local Immunology and Viral Load in HIV Infection

    Cindy M. Liu et al.
    24 Jul 2014 | 2:00 pm
    by Cindy M. Liu, Brendan J. W. Osborne, Bruce A. Hungate, Kamnoosh Shahabi, Sanja Huibner, Richard Lester, Michael G. Dwan, Colin Kovacs, Tania L. Contente-Cuomo, Erika Benko, Maliha Aziz, Lance B. Price, Rupert Kaul Semen is a major vector for HIV transmission, but the semen HIV RNA viral load (VL) only correlates moderately with the blood VL. Viral shedding can be enhanced by genital infections and associated inflammation, but it can also occur in the absence of classical pathogens. Thus, we hypothesized that a dysregulated semen microbiome correlates with local HIV shedding. We analyzed…
  • Lytic Gene Expression Is Frequent in HSV-1 Latent Infection and Correlates with the Engagement of a Cell-Intrinsic Transcriptional Response

    Joel Z. Ma et al.
    24 Jul 2014 | 2:00 pm
    by Joel Z. Ma, Tiffany A. Russell, Tim Spelman, Francis R. Carbone, David C. Tscharke Herpes simplex viruses (HSV) are significant human pathogens that provide one of the best-described examples of viral latency and reactivation. HSV latency occurs in sensory neurons, being characterized by the absence of virus replication and only fragmentary evidence of protein production. In mouse models, HSV latency is especially stable but the detection of some lytic gene transcription and the ongoing presence of activated immune cells in latent ganglia have been used to suggest that this state is not…
  • The CD27L and CTP1L Endolysins Targeting Clostridia Contain a Built-in Trigger and Release Factor

    Matthew Dunne et al.
    24 Jul 2014 | 2:00 pm
    by Matthew Dunne, Haydyn D. T. Mertens, Vasiliki Garefalaki, Cy M. Jeffries, Andrew Thompson, Edward A. Lemke, Dmitri I. Svergun, Melinda J. Mayer, Arjan Narbad, Rob Meijers The bacteriophage ΦCD27 is capable of lysing Clostridium difficile, a pathogenic bacterium that is a major cause for nosocomial infection. A recombinant CD27L endolysin lyses C. difficile in vitro, and represents a promising alternative as a bactericide. To better understand the lysis mechanism, we have determined the crystal structure of an autoproteolytic fragment of the CD27L endolysin. The structure covers the…
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    PLOS ONE Alerts: New Articles

  • Sonic Hedgehog-Gli1 Signaling Pathway Regulates the Epithelial Mesenchymal Transition (EMT) by Mediating a New Target Gene, S100A4, in Pancreatic Cancer Cells

    Xuanfu Xu et al.
    29 Jul 2014 | 2:00 pm
    by Xuanfu Xu, Bin Su, Chuangao Xie, Shumei Wei, Yingqun Zhou, Hua Liu, Weiqi Dai, Ping Cheng, Fan Wang, Xiaorong Xu, Chuanyong Guo Aims The hedgehog signaling pathway plays an important role in EMT of pancreatic cancer cells, but the precise mechanisms remain elusive. Because S100A4 as a key EMT moleculer marker was found to be upregulated upon Gli1 in pancreatic cancer cells, we focused on the relationship between Shh-Gli1 signals and S100 genes family. Methods On the base of cDNA microarray data, we investigated regulating mechanism of Gli1 to some members of S100A genes family in…
  • Serum 25-Hydroxyvitamin D and Insulin Resistance in Apparently Healthy Adolescents

    Dong Phil Choi et al.
    29 Jul 2014 | 2:00 pm
    by Dong Phil Choi, Sun Min Oh, Ju-Mi Lee, Hye Min Cho, Won Joon Lee, Bo-Mi Song, Yumie Rhee, Hyeon Chang Kim Purpose Vitamin D deficiency is a common condition that is associated with diabetes and insulin resistance. However, the association between vitamin D and insulin resistance has not been fully studied, especially in the general adolescent population. Therefore, we assessed the association between serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH)D] level and insulin resistance among apparently healthy Korean adolescents. Methods A total of 260 (135 male and 125 female) adolescents in a rural high…
  • Alcohol Misuse among University Staff: A Cross-Sectional Study

    Susanna Awoliyi et al.
    29 Jul 2014 | 2:00 pm
    by Susanna Awoliyi, David Ball, Norman Parkinson, Victor R. Preedy Objectives To examine the prevalence of hazardous drinking among staff in a UK university and its association with key socio-demographic features. Design A cross-sectional study. Setting A university in the UK. Participants All employees on the university employee database were eligible to participate. Those who completed and returned the questionnaire were included in the sample. Respondents were 131 university employees. Primary and Secondary Outcome Measures An AUDIT cut-off score of ≥8 was used as a measure of hazardous…
  • Short Term Morphine Exposure In Vitro Alters Proliferation and Differentiation of Neural Progenitor Cells and Promotes Apoptosis via Mu Receptors

    Dafna Willner et al.
    29 Jul 2014 | 2:00 pm
    by Dafna Willner, Ayelet Cohen-Yeshurun, Alexander Avidan, Vladislav Ozersky, Esther Shohami, Ronen R. Leker Background Chronic morphine treatment inhibits neural progenitor cell (NPC) progression and negatively effects hippocampal neurogenesis. However, the effect of acute opioid treatment on cell development and its influence on NPC differentiation and proliferation in vitro is unknown. We aim to investigate the effect of a single, short term exposure of morphine on the proliferation, differentiation and apoptosis of NPCs and the mechanism involved. Methods Cell cultures from 14-day mouse…
  • The Yeast Histone Chaperone Hif1p Functions with RNA in Nucleosome Assembly

    Amy R. Knapp et al.
    29 Jul 2014 | 2:00 pm
    by Amy R. Knapp, Huanyu Wang, Mark R. Parthun Background Hif1p is an H3/H4-specific histone chaperone that associates with the nuclear form of the Hat1p/Hat2p complex (NuB4 complex) in the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae. While not capable of depositing histones onto DNA on its own, Hif1p can act in conjunction with a yeast cytosolic extract to assemble nucleosomes onto a relaxed circular plasmid. Results To identify the factor(s) that function with Hif1p to carry out chromatin assembly, multiple steps of column chromatography were carried out to fractionate the yeast cytosolic extract.
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    PLOS Neglected Tropical Diseases: New Articles

  • Serological, Molecular and Entomological Surveillance Demonstrates Widespread Circulation of West Nile Virus in Turkey

    Koray Ergunay et al.
    24 Jul 2014 | 2:00 pm
    by Koray Ergunay, Filiz Gunay, Ozge Erisoz Kasap, Kerem Oter, Sepandar Gargari, Taner Karaoglu, Seda Tezcan, Mehmet Cabalar, Yakup Yildirim, Gürol Emekdas, Bulent Alten, Aykut Ozkul West Nile virus (WNV), a mosquito-borne flavivirus with significant impact on human and animal health, has recently demonstrated an expanded zone of activity globally. The aim of this study is to investigate the frequency and distribution of WNV infections in potential vectors and several mammal and avian species in Turkey, where previous data indicate viral circulation. The study was conducted in 15 provinces…
  • Characterization of Aedes aegypti Innate-Immune Pathways that Limit Chikungunya Virus Replication

    Melanie McFarlane et al.
    24 Jul 2014 | 2:00 pm
    by Melanie McFarlane, Camilo Arias-Goeta, Estelle Martin, Zoe O'Hara, Aleksei Lulla, Laurence Mousson, Stephanie M. Rainey, Suzana Misbah, Esther Schnettler, Claire L. Donald, Andres Merits, Alain Kohl, Anna-Bella Failloux Replication of arboviruses in their arthropod vectors is controlled by innate immune responses. The RNA sequence-specific break down mechanism, RNA interference (RNAi), has been shown to be an important innate antiviral response in mosquitoes. In addition, immune signaling pathways have been reported to mediate arbovirus infections in mosquitoes; namely the JAK/STAT, immune…
  • Unsuspected Leptospirosis Is a Cause of Acute Febrile Illness in Nicaragua

    Megan E. Reller et al.
    24 Jul 2014 | 2:00 pm
    by Megan E. Reller, Elsio A. Wunder, Jeremy J. Miles, Judith E. Flom, Orlando Mayorga, Christopher W. Woods, Albert I. Ko, J. Stephen Dumler, Armando J. Matute Background Epidemic severe leptospirosis was recognized in Nicaragua in 1995, but unrecognized epidemic and endemic disease remains unstudied. Methodology/Principal Findings To determine the burden of and risk factors associated with symptomatic leptospirosis in Nicaragua, we prospectively studied patients presenting with fever at a large teaching hospital. Epidemiologic and clinical features were systematically recorded, and paired…
  • Cross-sectional Study of the Burden of Vector-Borne and Soil-Transmitted Polyparasitism in Rural Communities of Coast Province, Kenya

    Donal Bisanzio et al.
    24 Jul 2014 | 2:00 pm
    by Donal Bisanzio, Francis Mutuku, Amaya L. Bustinduy, Peter L. Mungai, Eric M. Muchiri, Charles H. King, Uriel Kitron Background In coastal Kenya, infection of human populations by a variety of parasites often results in co-infection or poly-parasitism. These parasitic infections, separately and in conjunction, are a major cause of chronic clinical and sub-clinical human disease and exert a long-term toll on economic welfare of affected populations. Risk factors for these infections are often shared and overlap in space, resulting in interrelated patterns of transmission that need to be…
  • A Novel MVA Vectored Chikungunya Virus Vaccine Elicits Protective Immunity in Mice

    James Weger-Lucarelli et al.
    24 Jul 2014 | 2:00 pm
    by James Weger-Lucarelli, Haiyan Chu, Matthew T. Aliota, Charalambos D. Partidos, Jorge E. Osorio Background Chikungunya virus (CHIKV) is a re-emerging arbovirus associated with febrile illness often accompanied by rash and arthralgia that may persist for several years. Outbreaks are associated with high morbidity and create a public health challenge for countries affected. Recent outbreaks have occurred in both Europe and the Americas, suggesting CHIKV may continue to spread. Despite the sustained threat of the virus, there is no approved vaccine or antiviral therapy against CHIKV.
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    Sciencetext Tech Talk

  • Google bullsh

    David Bradley
    8 Jul 2014 | 6:24 am
    <rant>Google is forever tweaking its algorithm and yes that is a euphemism. They penalise sites they consider to be spamming their SERPs with practices that supposedly break their self-created internet rules. They do all this purportedly to make search a better experience for users. The real reason, of course, is so they can sell ad space to companies. Google is fundamentally an advertising company not a search engine. Bizarrely though one thing they could really do very easily that would significantly improve things for users without penalising legitimate websites is to filter out…
  • Feedly to Diigo via IFTTT

    David Bradley
    19 Jun 2014 | 2:44 am
    I have a large number of newsfeeds in the Feedly reader, I also exported the collection as an OPML so that I could have a backup version running in another reader, The Old Reader, as it happens. I also have my Feedly connected to IFTTT so that I can manipulate items I flag or otherwise “save for later” in Feedly. Indeed, various IFTTT recipes take those items and cook them up into Twitter and Facebook updates, send them to my Tumblr and WordPress sites etc etc. In addition, every link I save for later is added to my Diigo stream, so there is an ongoing searchable backup of the…
  • Do you trust your search engine?

    David Bradley
    17 Jun 2014 | 3:14 am
    A spot survey of non-techie friends suggests to me that a lot of people know that they should be concerned about the privacy of their data, but generally are not worried that Google or many other search engines are tracking them. The privacy issue only comes to light when their newspaper mentions Heartbleed, Facebook’s settings changing and getting a mention in the mainstream media or when Snowden and the NSA are suddenly back on the tabloid agenda. And, of course, if one of the sites they use gets hacked, then that suddenly brings the security and privacy issues to the fore. Search…
  • Spotting a scammer online

    David Bradley
    17 Jun 2014 | 12:13 am
    Fundamentally: If you meet someone online and they ask for any money, a large amount or even a small amount, you are dealing with a scammer. SCAMwatch. Post from: David Bradley's Sciencetext Tech TalkSpotting a scammer online Subscribe to our Email Newsletter Related Posts:Scamming the scammedWhy do Nigerian scammers say they are from Nigeria?Your online life is real life tooWill online pirates never die?SwiftRiver saves you from drowning in information
  • The two biggest social media mistakes you can make

    David Bradley
    15 May 2014 | 1:53 am
    1. Assume anyone is listening. 2. Assume that they’re not. Post from: David Bradley's Sciencetext Tech TalkThe two biggest social media mistakes you can make Subscribe to our Email Newsletter Related Posts:Sticky engagement9 really annoying things you do on #Twitter and #FacebookBBC Playlister coming soon?A 6-step plan for your social media dietWhy Pinterest isn’t Twinterest
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  • Explorations of People Movements

    Nathan Yau
    30 Jul 2014 | 2:58 am
    In 2010, I surveyed visual explorations of traffic, and it was all about how cars, planes, trains, and ships moved about their respective landscapes. It was implied that the moving things had people in them, but the focus was mostly on the things themselves. Location data was a byproduct of the need of vehicles to get from point A to point B in the most efficient way possible. Airplanes floated across the sky. Cabs left ghostly trails in the city. The visualization projects were, and still are, impressive. However, around the same time, it was growing more common for people to carry phones…
  • Civilian casualties in Gaza

    Nathan Yau
    29 Jul 2014 | 11:20 am
    Lazaro Gamio and Richard Johnson for the Washington Post cover civilian deaths in the recent Gaza conflict, namely child civilians. Red icons represent children. Similar to a previous piece on the death penalty in the United States, the icons provide more focus on individuals while maintaining a zoomed out view of the situation. However, this piece brings an interactive component that shows deaths over time and more information in tooltips on the mouseover.
  • How well we don’t understand probability

    Nathan Yau
    29 Jul 2014 | 2:10 am
    All Things Considered on NPR ran a fine series on how we interpret probability and uncertainty. It came in five bits (plus one follow-up), each five to ten minutes long. They explore explanations of risk in different areas such as national security, health, and the daily weather and how people interpret the numbers and words. A recurring theme was experts who use alternative descriptions for the seemingly concrete numbers. Doctors, including Leigh Simmons, typically prefer words. Simmons is an internist and part of a group practice that provides primary care at Mass General. "As doctors we…
  • Too many numbers

    Nathan Yau
    28 Jul 2014 | 1:19 am
    Numbers is a short film by Robert Hloz where some people see numbers appear above others' heads. What the numbers are varies by the person with the ability, and it turns out knowing can be a blessing and a curse. Worth your nine and a half minutes of undivided attention:
  • A decade of Yelp review trends

    Nathan Yau
    25 Jul 2014 | 3:38 pm
    Yelp released an amusing tool that lets you see how the use of word in reviews has changed over the site's decade of existence. From food trends to popular slang to short-lived beauty fads (Brazilian blowout anyone?), Yelp Trends searches through words used in Yelp reviews to show you what's hot and reveals the trend-setting cities that kicked it all off. Our massive wealth of data and the high quality reviews contributed by the Yelp community are what allow us to surface consumer trends and behavior based on ten years of experiences shared by locals around the world. Just type in keywords,…
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    Science Daily

  • Hope for more accurate diagnosis of memory problems

    30 Jul 2014 | 6:40 am
    More accurate tests could be created to diagnose diseases such as Alzheimer's or memory problems stemming from head injuries, leading to earlier intervention, according to new findings from researchers. The research involved investigating the components of memory using a combination of tests and neuroimaging -- a method that could be used to create a diagnostic tool for distinguishing between different types of dementia, memory damage from stroke or forms of amnesia caused by head trauma.
  • Ablation Increases Survival for Adults with Atrial Fibrillation

    30 Jul 2014 | 6:35 am
    Easing heart palpitations is one benefit of catheter ablation. A longer life span is another. Study shows 60 drop in cardiovascular mortality after ablation for atrial fibrillation. More than 4 million people have atrial fibrillation, an age-related heart rhythm disorder that can cause a fluttering sensation in the chest and impair the heart's ability to pump blood.
  • Fossils found in Siberia suggest all dinosaurs could have been feathered

    30 Jul 2014 | 2:05 am
    The first ever example of a plant-eating dinosaur with feathers and scales has been discovered in Russia. Previously only flesh-eating dinosaurs were known to have had feathers, so this new find raises the possibility that all dinosaurs could have been feathered.
  • Acupuncture provides significant quality of life improvements among breast cancer patients taking drugs to prevent recurrence, study shows

    30 Jul 2014 | 1:34 am
    Use of electroacupuncture (EA) – a form of acupuncture where a small electric current is passed between pairs of acupuncture needles – produces significant improvements in fatigue, anxiety and depression in as little as eight weeks for early stage breast cancer patients experiencing joint pain related to the use of aromatase inhibitors (AIs) to treat breast cancer. The study is the first demonstration of EA’s efficacy for both joint pain relief, as well as these other common symptoms.
  • A blood test for suicide risk? Alterations to a single gene could predict risk of suicide attempt

    30 Jul 2014 | 1:34 am
    Researchers say they have discovered a chemical alteration in a single human gene linked to stress reactions that, if confirmed in larger studies, could give doctors a simple blood test to reliably predict a person’s risk of attempting suicide.
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    The Why Files

  • On the wing: Birds, skeeters, jet planes: Same design rule applies!

    24 Jul 2014 | 7:25 am
    On the wing: Birds, skeeters, jet planes: Same design rule applies! The Boeing 787 under construction at the factory in Everett, Wash. Does aeronautical engineering respond to the same basic physics that governs bird evolution? Photo: Boeing Evolution through natural selection governs the “design” of flying creatures. Engineers design flying machines. But flying is about physics, and physics is the ultimate arbiter of both processes, says Adrian Bejan, a professor of mechanical engineering at Duke University. And that produces parallels in mechanical and animal evolution. In…
  • Amphibian decline: Frogs fight back!

    17 Jul 2014 | 6:33 am
    Amphibian decline: Frogs fight back! In the worldwide extinction crisis, the most depressing stories concern amphibians — four-legged animals like frogs and salamanders that undergo metamorphosis to reach their adult form. The International Union for the Conservation of Nature says about 30 percent of the 6,285 amphibian species are threatened with extinction. A Cuban tree frog acquired immunological resistance to the deadly amphibian chytrid fungus during a study just published in Nature. Photo: Joseph Gamble Climate change — especially warming and drying in tropical highlands…
  • Seeing fresh dust at a young supernova: Source of the planets?

    10 Jul 2014 | 11:16 am
    Seeing fresh dust at a young supernova: Source of the planets? Supernova SN 2010jl exploded 150 million years ago, sending light carrying clues to the formation of cosmic dust, the building blocks of planets. Photo: European Southern Observatory Dust: It’s the bane of astronomers — since it blocks many wavelengths of light, dimming our view of the universe. But it’s also the source of planets. And that helps explain the excitement about the discovery of masses of dust created within months after a supernova was detected in 2010. By “dust,” astronomers mean tiny…
  • Meet the mosquito: Annoying, deadly

    3 Jul 2014 | 9:39 am
    Meet the mosquito: Annoying, deadly ENLARGE Does this make you itch or what? But mosquitoes aren’t just a bother; they can carry a bunch of deadly infections, too. Photo: Freebird What are mosquitoes? What’s up with their nasty attitude? Can we make them change their evil ways? Van Nostrand’s Scientific Encyclopedia describes mosquito’s wicked proboscis: “A small two-winged fly with slender body, long legs, and narrow wings bearing scales along the veins.” Sounds innocuous, right? Not a word about the mosquito’s proboscis, which can furtively slip through…
  • Why Files: A Best Website for Learning and Teaching

    30 Jun 2014 | 6:27 am
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  • Tidal forces gave moon its shape, according to new analysis

    30 Jul 2014 | 10:00 am
    The shape of the moon deviates from a simple sphere in ways that scientists have struggled to explain. A new study by researchers at UC Santa Cruz shows that most of the moon's overall shape can be explained by taking into account tidal effects acting early in the moon's history.
  • Young binary star system may form planets with weird and wild orbits

    30 Jul 2014 | 10:00 am
    Unlike our solitary Sun, most stars form in binary pairs—two stars that orbit a common center of mass. Though remarkably plentiful, binaries pose a number of questions, including how and where planets form in such complex environments.
  • Mapping the optimal route between two quantum states

    30 Jul 2014 | 10:00 am
    As a quantum state collapses from a quantum superposition to a classical state or a different superposition, it will follow a path known as a quantum trajectory. For each start and end state there is an optimal or "most likely" path, but it is not as easy to predict the path or track it experimentally as a straight-line between two points would be in our everyday, classical world.
  • Study finds color and thickness of eggshells in wild birds related to light level exposure

    30 Jul 2014 | 10:00 am
    A team of biology researchers with members from Australia, the U.S., Czech Republic and the U.K. has found a correlation between eggshell color and thickness and the amount of light that shines on the eggs during incubation. In their paper published in Functional Ecology, the team describes their study that involved the analysis of eggshells from many native bird species in Britain and the results they found in doing so.
  • US spy agency patents car seat for kids

    30 Jul 2014 | 9:10 am
    Electronic eavesdropping is the National Security Agency's forte, but it seems it also has a special interest in children's car seats, Foreign Policy magazine reported Wednesday.
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    Science News Headlines - Yahoo News

  • Scientists Closing in on Theory of Consciousness

    30 Jul 2014 | 10:15 am
    The 17th century French philosopher René Descartes proposed the notion of "cogito ergo sum" ("I think, therefore I am"), the idea that the mere act of thinking about one's existence proves there is someone there to do the thinking. "The only thing you know is, 'I am conscious.' Any theory has to start with that," said Christof Koch, a neuroscientist and the chief scientific officer at the Allen Institute for Neuroscience in Seattle. In the last few decades, neuroscientists have begun to attack the problem of understanding consciousness from an evidence-based perspective. In fact, Koch and…
  • How the Moon Got Its Lemon Shape

    30 Jul 2014 | 10:08 am
    "What is the origin of that asymmetry?" study lead author Ian Garrick-Bethell, of the University of California, Santa Cruz, said. The newborn moon was thus primed to be sculpted by Earth's gravity, and that's exactly what happened, researchers say. Indeed, scientists have posited for more than a century that tidal forces helped shape the molten moon, causing bulges that froze into place when Earth's natural satellite cooled down and solidified. For example, tidal forces pulled on the lunar crust, stretching it out and heating it up in places.
  • Early Earth: A Battered, Hellish World with Water Oasis for Life

    30 Jul 2014 | 10:08 am
    Asteroids and comets that repeatedly smashed into the early Earth covered the planet's surface with molten rock during its earliest days, but still may have left oases of water that could have supported the evolution of life, scientists say. Although this time amounts to more than 10 percent of Earth's history, little is known about it, since few rocks are known that are older than 3.8 billion years old. "It was thought that because of these asteroids and comets flying around colliding with Earth, conditions on early Earth may have been hellish," said lead study author…
  • Pick Up the Mop, Guys: Egalitarian Couples Do Have Good Sex

    30 Jul 2014 | 9:56 am
    Another study adds that marriages in which the wife has more education than her husband no longer have a higher risk of divorce than other marriages. What harmed marriages two decades ago may help them today, when couples and society have updated expectations. Julie Brines, a sociologist at the University of Washington, and colleagues caused a stir last year with a study that found that men who did traditionally feminine household chores (cleaning, cooking and laundry) had less sex in their marriages than men who stuck to "manly" activities, such as mowing the lawn. To update this snapshot,…
  • Flight MH17 victims left lasting contributions to AIDS advocacy

    30 Jul 2014 | 8:26 am
    These victims were on their way to the 20th International AIDS Conference, which took place last week in Melbourne, Australia, the International AIDS Society (IAS) has confirmed. Those lost include Dutch activists Lucie van Mens, who championed the female condom; Martine de Schutter, who worked on behalf of marginalized HIV patients; World Health Organization spokesman Glenn Thomas was also on the flight, as was Lange's partner, Jacqueline van Tongeren, who worked as an AIDS public health advocate.
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    Science: This Week's News

  • [Special Issue News] The empty forest

    Erik Stokstad
    24 Jul 2014 | 5:00 pm
    Much of Asia, Africa, and Latin America suffers from overhunting. Lambir Hills National Park in western Borneo, one of the most diverse forests in the world, is a key case study in how the forest fares when it loses the herbivores that once thinned saplings and the fruit eaters that dispersed seeds. At Lambir, saplings became more crowded, raising the risk that the plants would get sick, and the number of species has fallen. Some officials and activists are trying to stop overhunting and illegal trade of wildlife. If hunting can be controlled in the parks, researchers hope, large animals may…
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    Nerdy Science Blog

  • Side Effect of Divorce: High Blood Pressure

    20 Jul 2014 | 3:46 am
    A research team at University of Arizona published a report that divorce is linked to high blood pressure, which eventually leads to heart attacks, strokes, kidney damage and dementia.  Based on a survey with 138 people who recently separated, people with bad sleeping quality for up to 10 weeks after divorce more likely to suffer from high blood pressure.  It can be worse for those who already have high blood pressure. (news [pic])
  • What is Yellow Fever?

    19 Jul 2014 | 8:32 pm
    The term ‘yellow fever’ is basically used to denote a viral infection that is largely spread by mosquitoes. Here’s a look into its symptoms, causes and treatment: The symptoms of yellow fever The one thing that needs to be mentioned here is that there are three stages of yellow fever. The stages have been categorized on the basis of intensity of symptoms. Discussed below are a few details regarding all three separate stages: Stage 1 – Infection The very first stage is that of infection. This particular stage is characterized by symptoms including loss of appetite, headache, fever,…
  • Periodic Table of Storytelling

    13 Jul 2014 | 8:23 am
    Research work may not be as fun as you think.  There are many times researchers just spend time on countless waiting.  If you are really bored, why not write a science fiction?  The Periodic Table of Storytelling is a nerdy way of teaching people with different storytelling structure.  It should be fun for science nerds.
  • Who Invented Paper?

    5 Jul 2014 | 8:17 pm
    Paper, as we all know, is commonly used for various purposes including printing, wrapping and writing. These days, it is normal for paper to be prepared using wood that is acquired from rapidly growing tress like: Pine Fir Spruce Now when it comes to the invention of paper, the one thing that we know is that the very first paper was produced in 3500 BC. It was the ancient Egyptians who did so. what they basically did was that they took strips of papyrus reeds, dampened them and produced a more so criss-cross pattern that was later pressed into sheets. Believe it or not, but the word paper has…
  • Who invented the Test Tube?

    21 Jun 2014 | 8:09 pm
    Before anything else, it is necessary for us to define what test tubes we are talking about. This is because there are different elements associated with the term ‘test tube’. First of all, there are scientific or glass test tubes, whereas the same term is used to denote babies that are born through a procedure called in-vitro fertilization, or test tube babies. Here, the term test tube is being used to denote the test tubes that are typically used in scientific labs. Now, test tubes are also known as sample tubes, or culture tubes. These are actually a rather common piece of laboratory…
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    Bitesize Bio

  • An Easy Way to Start Using R in Your Research: Making Pretty Plots With ggplot

    jeremy chacon
    30 Jul 2014 | 12:30 am
    The thing that was most difficult for me as an R beginner was plotting graphs with error bars – there is no concise way to do this with base graphics. There are workarounds, often using the ‘arrows’ command, but isn’t there a simpler way? Yes, in fact there are a handful of plotting packages for R: the two leaders being ggplot2 and lattice. Both have their advantages and disadvantages; one advantage of ggplot2 is that it seems to be more widely used and as a result there is more documentation available for it on the net. This tutorial will therefore use ggplot2. What you’ll learn:…
  • What Matters When Choosing Your Histology Mounting Media

    Jennifer Redig
    29 Jul 2014 | 3:00 am
    After successfully collecting and processing your sample, there is only one step between you and your finished slides – mounting. Correct mounting is important for good imaging results and proper sample preservation. Read below to learn what you should look for when choosing your mounting media from the mountains of mountants available on the market (try saying that ten times fast!). Mounting media is what seals your microscopy slide and coverslip together. As it comes in direct contact with your sample, it should have certain characteristics. An ideal mounting media should: • Be…
  • BLASTing Off – How BLAST Works

    Andrew Porterfield
    23 Jul 2014 | 12:00 am
    More than a pun on the explosive growth of sequencing data, BLAST makes annotation and comparisons of similar sequences much easier. Created by a group at the U.S. National Center for Biotechnology Information in 1991, the Basic Local Alignment Search Tool is arguably the most heavily used tool for sequence analysis (that’s available for free, anyway). BLAST is a powerful and popular tool because it can find similarities between experimental and reference sequences (or a whole series of sequences) very quickly and accurately. There are several different types of BLAST algorithms, accessing…
  • How to Check if Your Pipette is Accurate

    Catriona Paul
    21 Jul 2014 | 12:00 am
    How much time do you spend thinking about the accuracy of your pipette?  Probably not much. It’s one of those things that gets brushed aside in the heat of experimentation.  Pipetting accuracy though, is critical to successful experiments. Now that we’ve shown you the basics of cleaning a pipette – let’s talk about how to check that it’s still accurate. Do it right and do it often Aside from sending your pipette off for calibration every year, your pipettes should be checked for accuracy on a regular basis. How often you do it depends on the frequency you use them. The faithful…
  • Type IIS Endonucleases – When Nature Lends a Hand With DNA Cloning

    Andrea Gorlani
    18 Jul 2014 | 12:00 am
    Good news lab workers! Always hated the tedious work of designing a cloning strategy? Or maybe always dreamed of pooling all the reactions in one tube, just to save time? Thanks to Mother Nature, and her wonderful type IIS endonucleases, this is now possible! What is this wonderful enzyme? Type II enzymes are one of the 4 (I-IV) types of recognized endonucleases (enzymes that cut DNA at a particular recognition site). Type II enzymes cleave within or a short distance from their recognition sites (usually 4–8 nucleotides in length.) They are the better known of all endonucleases and most…
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    PHD Comics

  • 07/28/14 PHD comic: 'The Neurobiology of Writing'

    28 Jul 2014 | 12:50 pm
    Piled Higher & Deeper by Jorge Cham title: "The Neurobiology of Writing" - originally published 7/28/2014 For the latest news in PHD Comics, CLICK HERE!
  • 07/23/14 PHD comic: 'Writing shortcut'

    25 Jul 2014 | 10:55 am
    Piled Higher & Deeper by Jorge Cham title: "Writing shortcut" - originally published 7/23/2014 For the latest news in PHD Comics, CLICK HERE!
  • 07/21/14 PHD comic: 'Writing'

    21 Jul 2014 | 4:23 pm
    Piled Higher & Deeper by Jorge Cham title: "Writing" - originally published 7/21/2014 For the latest news in PHD Comics, CLICK HERE!
  • 07/16/14 PHD comic: 'Writing Progress'

    16 Jul 2014 | 11:40 am
    Piled Higher & Deeper by Jorge Cham title: "Writing Progress" - originally published 7/16/2014 For the latest news in PHD Comics, CLICK HERE!
  • 07/11/14 PHD comic: 'Who needs a vacation?'

    12 Jul 2014 | 4:57 pm
    Piled Higher & Deeper by Jorge Cham title: "Who needs a vacation?" - originally published 7/11/2014 For the latest news in PHD Comics, CLICK HERE!
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    Brain And Consciousness Research

  • 'Moral victories' might spare you from losing again

    29 Jul 2014 | 12:00 am
    Research finds that coaches tend to overreact to close losses, and their hasty personnel adjustments tend to backfire in the long run.
  • Try, try again? Study says no

    29 Jul 2014 | 12:00 am
    MIT neuroscientists find that trying harder makes it more difficult to learn some aspects of language.
  • New research: When it hurts to think we were made for each other

    28 Jul 2014 | 12:00 am
    Psychologists observe that people talk and think about love in limitless ways but underlying such diversity are some common themes that frame how we think about relationships. For example, one popular frame considers love as perfect unity; in another frame, love is a journey. These two ways of thinking about relationships are particularly interesting because, according to a new study, they have the power to highlight or downplay the damaging effect of conflicts on relationship evaluation.
  • Choice bias: A quirky byproduct of learning from reward

    28 Jul 2014 | 12:00 am
    Many people value rewards they choose themselves more than rewards they merely receive, even when the rewards are actually equivalent. A new study in Neuron provides evidence that this long-observed quirk of behavior is a byproduct of how the brain reinforces learning from reward.
  • Brain's dynamic duel underlies win-win choices

    28 Jul 2014 | 12:00 am
    People choosing between two or more equally positive outcomes experience paradoxical feelings of pleasure and anxiety, feelings associated with activity in different regions of the brain, according to research led by Amitai Shenhav, an associate research scholar at the Princeton Neuroscience Institute at Princeton University. In the study, participants made choices between paired products with different or similar values. Choosing between two items of high value evoked the most positive feelings and the greatest anxiety.
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    ZME Science

  • The tree of 40 fruits

    Mihai Andrei
    30 Jul 2014 | 8:36 am
    No joke, no trick – the tree you see blow grows 40 different types of fruit: The “Tree of 40 fruit” is actuall an art project started by contemporary artist Sam Van Aken. Each unique Tree of 40 Fruit grows over forty different types of stone fruit including peaches, plums, apricots, nectarines, cherries, and almonds. Most of the time, it looks like a normal tree, but when it becomes spring, it blossoms with 40 different flowers, and then, it makes 40 different fruits, including peaches, plums, apricots, nectarines, cherries, and almonds. The technique through which the tree…
  • The beginning of the end for antibacterial soaps?

    livia rusu
    30 Jul 2014 | 7:57 am
    There is very little evidence that anti-bacterial ingredients used in common soaps actually do anything in the long run to fight bacteria – compared to regular soaps. There is however, lots of evidence that they are breeding a new generation of “superbugs” – pathogens which develop resistance to drugs. Basically, reckless use of antibacterial substances and antibiotics is “training” pathogens, which become more and more dangerous. But that might change in the near future. Triclosan is a potent antibacterial agent able to kill most types of bacteria, both…
  • Origins of mysterious World Trade Center ship discovered

    Dragos Mitrica
    30 Jul 2014 | 7:33 am
    When the huge reconstruction work began at the World Trade Center following 2001′s tragedy, constructors uncovered something no one was expecting to find there – a wooden ship, right under where the twin towers used to stand. Measuring 22 feet (6.7 meters), the skeleton of the ship went unexplained for years. Now, scientists analyzing the rings from the trees used as wood showed that it was built sometime in 1773 or soon after that, probably in a small shipyard in Philadelphia. To make it even more interesting, it was probably constructed using the same white oak trees used to…
  • Project drills deep in New Zealand to understand and predict earthquakes

    Mihai Andrei
    30 Jul 2014 | 3:11 am
    For the first time, geophysicist in New Zealand will place seismic sensors deep into a geological fault to record the build-up and occurrence of massive earthquakes, potentially giving crucial  information about one of the biggest faults in the world. It’s hard to say anything after such an insightful and well explained video. The Alpine Fault runs for about 600 kilometres along the west coast of South Island, marking the boundary between the Pacific and Australian tectonic plates. It is a planar discontinuity over a huge volume of rock, across which there has been significant…
  • Finally, a malaria vaccine may have been discovered

    Mihai Andrei
    30 Jul 2014 | 2:45 am
    Reporting in PLOS Medicine, researchers found that for every 1000 children who received the vaccine, 800 malaria cases can be prevented. While this is not yet sufficient to eradicate the disease, it is the closest scientists have gotten to a malaria vaccine. Malaria affects millions of people every year throughout the world, claiming just under 1 million lives in 2013 – most of them in the poor areas of sub-Saharan Africa. Malaria is caused by parasitic protozoans (a type of unicellular microorganism) and is commonly transmitted by the bite of female mosquitoes; basically, when they…
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  • It’s as easy as A-B-C: Five reasons to book a back-to-school field trip this fall

    26 Jul 2014 | 8:34 am
    The beginning of the school year is lurking just around the corner … … which we love here at HMNS, where we are even more passionate about education than we are about dinosaur poop (ahem, coprolites). Our venues are chock-full of fun, hands-on exhibits, films and activities that introduce students to the world beyond their classroom. Field trips allow students to own their education, and to be an active participant in their learning — which is why visiting HMNS this fall is a fantastic way to kick off the school year. Rather than waiting until April and May, give students an…
  • STEM & GEMS: CB&I’s Katie Balko engineers her future

    24 Jul 2014 | 2:32 pm
    Editor’s Note: As part of our annual GEMS (Girls Exploring Math and Science) program, we conduct interviews with women who have pursued careers in science, technology, engineering, or math. This week, we’re featuring Katie Balko, Process Engineer at CB&I.HMNS: How old were you when you first became interested in science, technology, engineering, or math?Balko: Growing up, I switched what I wanted to be when I grew up almost every year. I wanted to be a teacher, then I read a book on dolphins and wanted to be a marine biologist. I liked to draw and decided I was going to be like my…
  • A Tale of Two Compys: What Jurassic Park got right — and wrong — about dino anatomy

    23 Jul 2014 | 2:02 pm
    A piece of unapproved Ivy League art. Title: Podokesaurus holyokensis, Triassic/Jurassic Dinosaur, on the head of Michelangelo’s David. Material: Collage of Xerox images, clipped by scissors, Scotch taped together.  Date: March, 1964.  Artist: Robert Thomas Bakker, Yale freshman. OMG I was such a dino-geek in college. I had other interests — I was enraptured by sculpture and took the fabled freshman History of Art course. The collage shown here was taped together during the lectures on the Renaissance renewal of anatomically correct human form made famous by Greek sculptors. Last…
  • Finding the flora and fauna: Butterfly Center staff conduct a BioBlitz in Memorial Park

    19 Jul 2014 | 8:35 am
    Editor’s Note: The term “BioBlitz” was first coined in 1996 for intense attempts to record all the flora and fauna within a designated area. National Geographic, which has partnered with parks around the country for various BioBlitzes, describes them as “a 24-hour event in which teams of volunteer scientists, families, students, teachers, and other community members work together to find and identify as many species of plants, animals, microbes, fungi, and other organisms as possible within a designated area.”  These quick and dirty surveys are used both to gather information about…
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    Chemical Heritage Foundation

  • Arnold Thackray Turns 75: Celebrate with Some Atoms of History

    30 Jul 2014 | 3:01 am
    In this video on John Dalton’s atomic theory, a gentleman-historian tells the story of a scientific discovery of first rank: how Dalton, a teacher in Manchester, England, in the early 19th century single-handedly revived the ancient concept of atoms and gave it an experimental foundation. It is nothing less than the foundation of modern chemistry, explained in just six minutes. The storyteller is obviously at ease with both the camera and the books around him, and the viewer is immediately captured by the story, and even more so by the man explaining it. Who is this man? It is Arnold…
  • Mystery Men

    25 Jul 2014 | 9:02 am
    Three faceless men crouch in front of a device. The first grasps a small pot, preparing to add it to a pile of finished pottery. An enormous factory looms over him. The others look on, envious of the factory that makes pots so easily. Except they are not even facing the factory, and … I clearly have no idea what I’m talking about. All I know is that this picture is somehow connected to the Atoms for Peace program. The rest is a mystery. Part of the Atoms for Peace mission was to shift the focus from the destructive power of nuclear technology to its potential for clean, renewable energy.
  • The Summer Issue of Chemical Heritage Magazine is Here

    22 Jul 2014 | 11:05 am
    Chemical Heritage magazine has escaped from captivity yet again. This time it has crime in mind. If you have an appetite for detective stories or obscure poisons you’ll find much to chew on.  If you’re worried about the increasingly rude conversations around scientific “controversies,” well, keep worrying. (There aren’t any simple answers.) If you want more to worry about, check out the history of Atoms for Peace or find out why depression diagnoses keep growing.  Finish up with something more cheerful, such as our sous vide story (though even that has a sting in its tail). Check…
  • Blue Blood Donors

    16 Jul 2014 | 10:28 am
    In the first half of the 20th century, scientists faced a vexing  problem. Too many people were being sickened and killed by bacterial endotoxin—a substance in a bacteria’s outer membrane toxic to animals and resistant to heat—contracted through vaccines and surgery tools. The only way to determine if something was contaminated was to test it on animals, a slow and expensive process. In 1956 a scientist named Fred Bang was studying the blood circulation in horseshoe crabs. He observed that when a crab became infected with gram-negative bacteria (a type of bacteria difficult to detect…
  • The End of Beer

    8 Jul 2014 | 3:14 pm
    It’s last call for our beer theme. And this 1908 postcard from our collections seems a good nightcap. If you’re still thirsty, we have some top-shelf options for you: Our recent beer podcast Our recent beer webcast Old beer podcast on beer and brewingwith another visit to Dogfish Head Brewery What the heck, how about a final image from our collection - a brewing book with alongtitle, published in 1692. (Top image from the Donald F. Othmer Papers, CHF Archives, Album Gravures et Cartes-Postales: Vieux Paris Types Petites Métiers et Cris De La Rue (1908). Bottom image from the Roy G.
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    YouTube: Science

  • Honest Trailers - Divergent

    Screen Junkies
    22 Jul 2014 | 9:54 am
    Honest Trailers - Divergent The Hunger Games: The Hunger Games: Catching Fire: Twilight: Twilight 2: Ne... From: Screen Junkies Views: 1972093 50171 ratings Time: 04:22 More in Film & Animation
  • I'm On Vacation (Song)

    Rhett & Link
    22 Jul 2014 | 8:52 am
    I'm On Vacation (Song) Worst. Vacay. Ever. iTUNES: Got a crazy vacation story? Tell us at You could win $10k toward a tr... From: Rhett & Link Views: 2115600 67957 ratings Time: 05:07 More in Entertainment
  • Milking the WORLD'S MOST VENOMOUS FISH! - Smarter Every Day 117

    26 Jun 2014 | 8:18 am
    Milking the WORLD'S MOST VENOMOUS FISH! - Smarter Every Day 117 The Stonefish is the World's most venomous fish. We milked it. Want to support me? Free Audio Book ⇒ Tweet⇒ F... From: SmarterEveryDay Views: 684912 13033 ratings Time: 06:24 More in Science & Technology
  • Sir Isaac Newton vs Bill Nye. Epic Rap Battles of History Season 3.

    16 Jun 2014 | 10:02 am
    Sir Isaac Newton vs Bill Nye. Epic Rap Battles of History Season 3. Download This Song: ▻◅ Visit for news on Al's NEW ALBUM! And visit for info on Chali ... From: ERB Views: 18261568 240907 ratings Time: 02:48 More in Entertainment
  • Misconceptions About the Universe

    27 May 2014 | 8:00 am
    Misconceptions About the Universe Can we see things travelling faster than light? Check out Audible: Music by Amarante "One Last Thing" Awesom... From: Veritasium Views: 990095 30753 ratings Time: 05:46 More in Education
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    NOVA | PBS

  • Patterns in Nature’s Networks

    24 Jul 2014 | 7:00 am
    Science shows it's a small world after all—and nature's networks follow a similar pattern.
  • Vaccines—Calling the Shots

    17 Jul 2014 | 7:00 am
    Examine the science behind vaccinations, the return of preventable diseases, and the risks of opting out.
  • Knotty Thrills

    17 Jul 2014 | 7:00 am
    Three physicists untie a 150-year-old tangle of a puzzle.
  • Sculpting a Young Artist

    19 Jun 2014 | 7:00 am
    A city-wide competition shaped the career of the architect behind Florence's famous dome.
  • Autopsying a Roman Catacomb

    29 May 2014 | 7:00 am
    Did a lethal plague kill thousands in ancient Rome? Centuries-old DNA may hold the answer.
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    Comments on: 2020 Science

  • By: EHS Plus Andrew Maynard’s 2020 Science blog reinvigorated

    EHS Plus Andrew Maynard&#8217;s 2020 Science blog reinvigorated
    25 Jul 2014 | 9:31 am
    […] 2020 Science has recently found a new home with the U-M Risk Science Center and, after a brief slow-down during the last academic year, has roared back to life with 12 new posts this month (so far)! Recent posts have included ripped-from-the-headlines topics such as the world’s darkest material as well as nanoparticles in sunscreens and in Dunkin’ Donuts. […]
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    Sara Bellum Blog

  • Real Teens Ask: What Are the Different Types of Opioids?

    Sara Bellum
    16 Jul 2014 | 6:16 am
    Learn more about the different types of opioids in this updated post from 2013. During the 2013 Drug Facts Chat Day, teens from across the country submitted their questions about drug abuse to NIDA scientists. A teen from Walter Johnson High School in Maryland asked: “What types of opioids are there?” Opioids are psychoactive chemicals that occur naturally (in the resin of the poppy plant) or can be made in a laboratory. They work by binding to opioid receptors in the central and peripheral nervous system and the gastrointestinal tract. There are illegal opioids (like heroin) as well as…
  • E-Cig Popularity on the Rise

    Sara Bellum
    9 Jul 2014 | 7:54 am
    As states continue to pass laws that restrict the sale of e-cigarettes to minors, this post from 2013 explores why they've become so popular with teens. Good news! Cigarette smoking among American teenagers dropped to a record low in 2012. Not so good news—Many teens are turning to a new alternative known as “e-cigarettes.” What Are E-Cigarettes? Electronic cigarettes (e-cigs) are battery-operated products designed to deliver nicotine, flavor, and other chemicals as vapor that a user inhales, without producing actual tobacco smoke. A survey conducted by the Centers for Disease Control…
  • Real Teens Ask: Is Addiction Hereditary?

    Sara Bellum
    2 Jul 2014 | 8:10 am
    Does someone in your family abuse drugs? Learn more about how DNA can influence a person’s chances of becoming addicted to drugs in this updated post from 2011. Every year, NIDA’s top scientists answer questions from teens at schools across the country during Drug Facts Chat Day. In 2010, “I AM MIKE” from Jefferson Township High School in Trenton, New Jersey asked: Are you more likely to do drugs if someone in your family does? The short answer is Yes. The risk for developing drug and alcohol problems is higher in children whose parents abuse alcohol or drugs—but it is NOT a…
  • The Buzz on Caffeine

    Sara Bellum
    25 Jun 2014 | 6:37 am
    This post from 2012 gets a refresh highlighting new caffeine trends. Question: What’s the most widely used drug? It’s not marijuana—and no, it’s not tobacco or alcohol either. Nine out of 10 Americans take it in some form every day, and it’s not limited to adults. Hint: According to a recent study published by the American Academy of Pediatrics, nearly three-fourths (75%) of children, teens, and young adults use it daily too—in the form of soda, coffee, and energy drinks. Answer: Caffeine! That’s right, caffeine is a drug—a stimulant drug, to be exact. It’s even possible to…
  • Alcohol: The Friend Factor

    Sara Bellum
    18 Jun 2014 | 5:57 am
    Friends can influence your opinion about music, fashion—and alcohol. In this updated post from 2013, NIDA provides strategies for staying true to yourself and avoiding peer pressure. Have you ever said “It’s not me, it’s my friends?” Turns out, this reasoning may not fly since what your friends do can have a big impact on you. Research studies show that teens whose best friends drink alcohol are twice as likely to try alcohol themselves. And, if teens get alcohol from friends, they’re more likely to start drinking at a younger age. It’s a big deal. We know that a person who…
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    Mr Science Show

  • Ep 155: Fact or Fiction with ANSTO

    13 Jul 2014 | 3:53 am
    The Australian Nuclear Science and Technology Organisation undertakes research and development in nuclear science and technology. This has wide application including nuclear medicine, atmospheric monitoring, materials engineering, neutron scattering and climate change research.ANSTO is also very active in science communication, and one of their major community engagement projects is Fact or Fiction, a 90 minute show where the audience watch clips of classic sci-fi hits before voting on whether the technology featured is actual science fact or pure science fiction. Once the audience voting has…
  • I think you've had enough, Mr. Bond

    11 Jul 2014 | 11:12 pm
    James Bond is likely to be impotent, at high risk of liver disease, and the fact he likes his martini "shaken, not stirred" is because of alcohol-induced tremors.If you weren't already convinced that a real-life James Bond would be a terrible spy - he tells people his actual name for goodness sake - the article Were James Bond’s drinks shaken because of alcohol induced tremor? outlines the likely health issues Britain's most famous fictional spy would be suffering in real life due to his outrageous alcoholism.The researchers read all 14 James Bond books and noted down each time he had a…
  • ABC Radio - June - Mars One

    20 Jun 2014 | 4:23 am
    I've been doing quite a bit of regular radio with the ABC recently (ABC Riverina and ABC Central West), so I thought it would be a good idea to put up a post each month on what we've spoken about.The main topic this month was the Mars One project, which plans to establish a permanent human settlement on Mars. This is an incredibly optimistic project, made even more interesting by the fact that it is going to be funded by a reality TV show, which will track the training and lives of the astronauts, and presumably follow them into space. A number of Australians are still in the running to be…
  • Some life analysis with Twitter

    30 May 2014 | 4:11 pm
    There was a great post recently on Flowing Data, The Change My Son Brought, Seen Through Personal Data. It got me thinking about what my life looks like through personal data and probably the best source of data since the advent of smartphones is Twitter. Twitter recently made it possible to download your personal archive and it makes for some interesting analysis. Along with RSS feeds, Twitter is my major source of online news, education and entertainment, and it is also useful for personal communications and microblogging.Downloading your personal archive is easy, but you need to do a…
  • Ep 154: Blogging, podcasting, royal jelly and using chocolate to determine the speed of light

    26 Apr 2014 | 1:52 am
    Over the Easter break, I spoke with Lish Fejer on ABC 666 Canberra on her Experimentarium segment. We spoke on various things to do with science blogging and podcasting, and matters Easter related including:Royal Jelly (the Royals were in town, a great link if ever I've seen one),Determining the speed of light using your microwave and left-over Easter chocolate.To learn more about Royal Jelly, tune into Episode 137: Can your environment change your DNA in which I spoke at length with Professor Ryszard Maleszka from The Australian National University’s College of Medicine, Biology and…
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    EurekAlert! - Breaking News

  • Brain response to appetizing food cues varies among obese people

    29 Jul 2014 | 9:00 pm
    People who have the most common genetic mutation linked to obesity respond differently to pictures of appetizing foods than overweight or obese people who do not have the genetic mutation, according to a new study published in the Endocrine Society's Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism.
  • Antarctic ice sheet is result of CO2 decrease, not continental breakup

    29 Jul 2014 | 9:00 pm
    Climate modelers from the University of New Hampshire have shown that the most likely explanation for the initiation of Antarctic glaciation during a major climate shift 34 million years ago was decreased carbon dioxide levels. The finding counters a 40-year-old theory suggesting massive rearrangements of Earth's continents caused global cooling and the abrupt formation of the Antarctic ice sheet. It will provide scientists insight into the climate change implications of current rising global CO2 levels.
  • Peru's carbon quantified: Economic and conservation boon

    29 Jul 2014 | 9:00 pm
    Today scientists unveiled the first high-resolution map of the carbon stocks stored on land throughout the entire country of Peru. The new and improved methodology used to make the map marks a sea change for future market-based carbon economies. The new carbon map also reveals Peru's extremely high ecological diversity and it provides the critical input to studies of deforestation and forest degradation for conservation, land use, and enforcement purposes.
  • Conservation scientists asking wrong questions on climate change impacts on wildlife

    29 Jul 2014 | 9:00 pm
    Scientists studying the potential effects of climate change on the world's animal and plant species are focusing on the wrong factors, according to a new paper by a research team from the Wildlife Conservation Society, University of Queensland, and other organizations. The authors claim that most of the conservation science is missing the point when it comes to climate change.
  • Acupuncture improves quality of life for breast cancer patients using aromatase inhibitors

    29 Jul 2014 | 9:00 pm
    Use of electroacupuncture (EA) produces significant improvements in fatigue, anxiety and depression in as little as eight weeks for early stage breast cancer patients experiencing joint pain related to the use of aromatase inhibitors to treat breast cancer. The study is the first demonstration of EA's efficacy for both joint pain relief, as well as these other common symptoms.
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    The Daily Galaxy --Great Discoveries Channel: Sci, Space, Tech

  • "Andromeda Galaxy Harbors Twice as Much Dark Matter as the Milky Way" --Royal Astronomical Society
    30 Jul 2014 | 7:00 am
    The Milky Way is smaller than astronomers previously thought, according to new research. For the first time, scientists have been able to precisely measure the mass of the galaxy that contains our solar system. Researchers have found that the Milky Way is approximately half the weight of ou neighboring galaxy – Andromeda – which has a similar structure to our own. The Milky Way and Andromeda are the two largest in a region of galaxies which astronomers call the Local Group. In this new study, researchers were also able to work out the mass of invisible matter found in the outer regions of…
  • Mystery Molecules of the Interstellar Medium --"Many of the Things Quite Abundant There are Unknown on Earth"
    30 Jul 2014 | 6:00 am
      Astronomers have long known that interstellar molecules containing carbon atoms exist and that by their nature they will absorb light shining on them from stars and other luminous bodies. Because of this, a number of scientists have previously proposed that some type of interstellar molecules are the source of diffuse interstellar bands -- the hundreds of dark absorption lines seen in color spectrograms taken from Earth. In showing nothing, these dark bands reveal everything. The missing colors correspond to photons of given wavelengths that were absorbed as they travelled through the…
  • Mercury's Bizarre Magnetic Field --"Powered by Liquid Iron"
    30 Jul 2014 | 5:00 am
    Earth and Mercury are both rocky planets with iron cores, but Mercury's interior differs from Earth's in a way that explains why the planet has such a bizarre magnetic field, UCLA planetary physicists and colleagues report. Measurements from NASA's Messenger spacecraft have revealed that Mercury's magnetic field is approximately three times stronger at its northern hemisphere than its southern one. In the current research, scientists have created a model to show how the dynamics of Mercury's core contribute to this unusual phenomenon. Mercury's peculiar magnetic field provides evidence that…
  • Image of the Day --Planetary Disks in Weird Orbits Around their Host Stars
    30 Jul 2014 | 4:00 am
    Unlike our solitary Sun, most stars form in binary pairs -- two stars that orbit a common center of mass. Though remarkably plentiful, binaries pose a number of questions, including how and where planets form in such complex environments. Stars and planets form out of vast clouds of dust and gas. As material in these clouds contracts under gravity, it begins to rotate until most of the dust and gas falls into a flattened protoplanetary disk swirling around a growing central protostar. Despite forming from a flat, regular disk, planets can end up in highly eccentric orbits, and may be…
  • Perseus Cluster Mystery Persists --"What We Found Could Not be Explained by Known Physics"
    29 Jul 2014 | 8:06 am
      The Universe is a big place, full of unknowns. Astronomers using NASA's Chandra X-ray Observatory have just catalogued a new one."I couldn't believe my eyes," says Esra Bulbul of the Harvard Center for Astrophysics. "What we found, at first glance, could not be explained by known physics." Together with a team of more than a half-dozen colleagues, Bulbul has been using Chandra to explore the Perseus Cluster, a swarm of galaxies approximately 250 million light years from Earth. Imagine a cloud of gas in which each atom is a whole galaxy—that's a bit what the Perseus cluster is like. It is…
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  • Pipetting with Your iPhone?

    Emily Poulin
    16 Jul 2014 | 8:27 am
    “Set timer for ten minutes.” Instead of the kitchen timers the rest of us use, the post-doc sitting behind me regularly uses Siri to time his experiments. As it turns out, it’s actually easier to tell a computer to set a timer for you than to do it yourself, and Siri is quickly becoming our lab’s newest research assistant. With a new iPhone model out each year, it’s not hard to believe that we’ll soon have everything we need on the little 2¼” x 4¾” device we can no longer go anywhere without. But what does that mean for us lab rats? And how can we leverage new technology to…
  • Stay Tuned…

    David Shifrin
    23 Jun 2014 | 12:09 pm
    Summer, 2014…what a great moment in history. Apple announced “Continuity” at WWDC, the 2016 US Presidential election is starting to ramp up (wait, WHAT!?), England and Spain were knocked out of the World Cup so fast I didn’t even have time to write a joke about bad refereeing and corrupt FIFA officials, and “Fargo” blazed through ten spectacular episodes on FX. While all that’s been going on, the BenchFly team has been…well, watching Tim Cook’s WWDC keynote, trying to avoid stories about politicians’ book tours, enjoying replays of Robin van Persie’s swan-dive…
  • Avoid Pouring Chemicals–and Your Reputation–Down the Drain

    Dora Farkas
    30 Sep 2013 | 7:00 am
    Dear Dora, Everyone in my new lab pours all sorts of solvents down the drain and says it’s ok because they flush with a lot of water. I’m a first-year graduate student so maybe this is how all labs work, but it seems crazy. Is there a way for me to bring this issue up without being the annoying newbie? - anonymous, first year graduate student   Dear Anonymous Graduate Student, You are right to be concerned about others pouring solvents down the drain. Besides being an environmental hazard, your university can get fined thousands of dollars by the environmental agencies. Some…
  • The Science of Thriving: Empowering Your Life in the Lab

    Alan Marnett
    16 Sep 2013 | 8:19 am
    Anyone who has worked in a lab for more than a month understands that with the great excitement of research also comes frustration. This is part of the process of working at the forefront of knowledge–some ideas are going to work and some aren’t. As scientists, our job is to make advances in our understanding of the world around us and that doesn’t always come easily. However, we understand (first hand!) the toll that failed experiments can have on our attitude, motivation, and general outlook on career prospects. But if “understanding our experiments” is a…
  • Interview: The Future of Publishing and the Fear of Getting Scooped

    Alan Marnett
    9 Sep 2013 | 10:00 pm
    We recently reconnected with our friend, Eva Amsen Ph.D., and found that in the time since our last conversation she’s moved on to a new job (congrats!). Her new position at Faculty of 1000 has thrown her right in the middle of a topic many scientists are very interested in–the future of scientific publishing. In a world of ever-increasing numbers of journals and lower technological barriers to information sharing, it’s unclear whether most publications will survive. We recently spoke with Eva about her views on the future and how the fear of getting scooped may be a driver…
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    Science and Enterprise

  • U.S. Patent Awarded for Prodrug Cancer Imaging, Treatment

    30 Jul 2014 | 9:16 am
    ( 30 July 2014. A new patent was awarded for a technology that detects and treats solid tumor cancers with a prodrug, a precursor compound activated inside the body — made by GenSpera Inc., a biotechnology company in San Antonio. U.S. patent number 8,772,226 was awarded on 8 July to inventors Samuel Denmeade and John Isaacs of Johns Hopkins University and Søren Brøgger Christensen at University of Copenhagen in Denmark, and assigned to Johns Hopkins University. GenSpera, founded by Denmeade and Issacs, licenses the technology from Johns Hopkins. The patent covers the use of…
  • Genome Institute Grant Funds 23andMe Database Upgrades

    29 Jul 2014 | 3:38 pm
    ( 29 July 2014. National Human Genome Research Institute, part of National Institutes of Health, is funding enhancements to the research database capabilities of personal genetics company 23andMe in Mountain View, California. The two-year, $1.37 million project aims to help the company better mine its genetic and survey data collections for research connecting genomic variations to physical traits. 23andMe analyzes saliva samples and returns DNA analyses to reveal their customers’ ancestry. The analysis focuses on key genetic variations, called single nucleotide polymorphisms…
  • Trial Testing Amniotic, Umbilical Grafts to Heal Wounds

    29 Jul 2014 | 8:58 am
    ( 29 July 2014. A new clinical trial is testing skin grafts from amniotic and umbilical cord tissue as a treatment for chronic wounds, in this case diabetic foot ulcers. The skin grafts are made by Amniox Medical Inc. in Atlanta, Georgia, adapted from a technology developed by Tissue Tech Inc. in Miami. Amniox Medical provides therapies derived from human amniotic membranes and umbilical cords that have regenerative medical properties as a result of their role in the development of fetuses. The amniotic membrane is the inner layer of the placenta that grows in parallel and shares…
  • Cancer Screening Blood Test Proposed, New Company Formed

    28 Jul 2014 | 1:54 pm
    (National Institutes of Health) 28 July 2014. A team from University of Bradford in the U.K. developed a simple blood test, which in early tests suggests it could screen patients for common types of cancer. The researchers led by medical sciences professor Diana Anderson published their findings last Friday in FASEB Journal, published by Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology, and started a company to commercialize the technology. Anderson — with colleagues from Bradford, University of Wolverhampton, and Bradford Royal Infirmary — are seeking a simple and…
  • Organ Chip Start-Up Gains $12 Million in Early Funds

    28 Jul 2014 | 8:18 am
    Lung-on-a-chip device (Wyss Institute, Harvard University) 28 July 2014. Emulate Inc., a new company spun-off from a Harvard University bioengineering lab, raised $12 million in its first venture round to finance development of chip-like devices that mimic the functions of human organs. The funding round was led by NanoDimension, a venture capital company specializing in nanotechnologies, with Cedars-Sinai Medical Center and private investor Hansjörg Wyss. The new company is a spin-off from Harvard’s Wyss Institute for Biologically Inspired Engineering, also supported by Hansjörg…
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    collision detection

  • A game created "as if games were the only medium on Earth"

    Clive Thompson
    22 Jul 2014 | 7:43 pm
    I recently picked up 1001 Video Games You Must Play Before You Die. I couldn't resist the title, which so neatly refracts the gibbering cultural anxieties of lists like "1000 novels everyone must read". You see this sort of highbrow listicle often in the realms of literary fiction, movies, possibly poetry. It's classic canon panic, and I say that with a degree of charity and warmth; I actually think arguing heatedly and even snobbishly about what works of art are important and mindbending can be a lot of fun, and occasionally useful to the parties involved. But there's something hilarious and…
  • Why 18th century books looked like smartphone screens

    Clive Thompson
    2 Feb 2014 | 6:46 pm
    That's one of the opening pages of Conjectures on Original Composition, a book about creative genius published by the English poet Edward Young in 1759. It's considered one of the first big essays to tout the idea that "originals" -- writers of deep originality -- are more important and awesome than derivative folks. I heard about Conjectures while reading a different essay this evening, and since I'm sort of obsessed with tracking the rise of our modern (and disastrous) conceit that originality is something that just kind of wells up from inside you I immediately dialed up Conjectures on…
  • A video game for an audience of one

    Clive Thompson
    23 Jan 2014 | 8:22 pm
    (This year, I'm participating in The Pastry Box Project, a very cool joint blog; I'll be doing six posts this year. My first went up this week, and here's a copy of it!) Two years ago I was trying to think of something to get for my wife for her birthday, and I was stuck. So I decided to go the “heartfelt” route and make her something by hand: The personal touch! But what would I make? Well, I’m a big nerd from way back, and she’s also something of a nerd too. So I decided that I’d make her something peculiarly digital: A personalized video game. I downloaded a…
  • Of Star Wars "crawl" poetry and the weirdness of our attention spans

    Clive Thompson
    22 Jan 2014 | 6:34 am
    Yesterday I saw a picture on Boing Boing: A "behind the scenes" shot of how they made the iconic opening "crawl" text for The Empire Strikes Back. I'd always assumed, naively, that the crawl was done with computer graphics, but no: It was a steampunk affair, with the text printed on a piece of glass and filmed at a steep angle by a camera. But what really struck me was the quote from George Lucas about the formal properties of a crawl: "The crawl is such a hard thing because you have to be careful that you're not using too many words that people don't understand," Lucas has said. "It's like a…
  • Selfies and Borges

    Clive Thompson
    18 Jan 2014 | 3:07 pm
    I was in my local branch of the Brooklyn Public Library yesterday when I found this: The Book of Imaginary Beings, by Jorge Luis Borges. It's a cryptozoological encyclopedia of animals described in myth and literature, which Borges details with typically awesome digressive riffs. There's the "Squonk", which apparently is native to Pennsylvania, is perpetually sad over its wart-encrusted appearance, and thus can be hunted by following "its tear-stained trail". There's "The Hairy Beast of La Ferté-Bernard," which somehow survived the Biblical flood despite not having been on the Ark;…
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    Lake Scientist | Lake Scientist

  • Research Summary: Shading as a Control Method for Invasive European Frogbit

    Daniel Kelly
    30 Jul 2014 | 5:53 am
    European frogbit (Hydrocharis morsus-ranae L.) is an invasive floating plant in North American water bodies. The species escaped in 1939 from a Botanical Garden in Ottawa, Canada and had reached the United States by 1974. Studies have shown that light is essential for the germination and growth of European frogbit, that light-deprivation may reduce frogbit root growth by 90%. It follows that control methods utilizing shading are likely to inhibit the growth and spread of this invasive species. Shading has already been successfully used for controlling aquatic plants such as submerged cabomba.
  • USGS Study: Mercury Levels in Minnesota Lakes Not Dropping As Consistently As Thought

    Daniel Kelly
    29 Jul 2014 | 8:10 am
    Scientists with the U.S. Geological Survey studying four undeveloped lakes in Minnesota’s Voyageurs National Park found mixed results when considering concentrations of mercury and methylmercury, according to Minneapolis’ Channel 9. The results indicate that mercury levels in the state’s water bodies may not be dropping as consistently as thought. Lake Kabetogama at Voyageurs National Park. (Credit: Chris Light via Wikimedia Commons) Researchers looked at atmospheric deposition of mercury in the study, instead of concentrations coming from terrestrial sources. They considered a time…
  • Lake Ontario Project Aims to Pump Algae Away From Beachgoers

    Daniel Kelly
    23 Jul 2014 | 8:34 am
    For Lake Ontario beachgoers in Monroe County, New York, algae has been a recurring problem, according to the Democrat & Chronicle. So much so that Ontario Beach Park there can be routinely closed during summer months when algal blooms in the Great Lakes are prevalent. But a new project may give tourists more days at the beach if it’s successful. Monroe County, after considering recommendations from the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, plans to build an intake and pump system that could clear up water near shore. Sandbanks Provincial Park on Lake Ontario. (Credit: C. Loser via Wikimedia…
  • Lake Mead’s Water Levels Down 30 Feet Since February

    Daniel Kelly
    22 Jul 2014 | 10:39 am
    Water levels at Lake Mead have dropped 30 feet since February 2014, according to the Weather Channel. The largest man-made reservoir in the United States now sits at just 39 percent capacity. Aerial view of Lake Mead National Recreation Area. (Credit: CBS Las Vegas via Creative Commons) At fault is a deepening drought affecting large portions of the nation’s southwest. Dry conditions have persisted there for 14 years, taking water levels down 130 feet since 2000. The Colorado River is also running low, with big cities like Los Angeles and Phoenix taking their share. Those heading to Lake…
  • Liquid Potash Treatment in Lake Winnipeg Successfully Kills Off Zebra Mussels

    Daniel Kelly
    17 Jul 2014 | 7:09 am
    In May 2014, the government of Manitoba was making plans to treat invasive zebra mussels in Lake Winnipeg with potash, a type of fertilizer. Officials didn’t know if the idea would work, but were willing to try given the lake’s losing battle with the invasive. Plans called for four harbors in Lake Winnipeg to be sectioned off and then flooded with the liquid fertilizer. There was plenty of speculation if the treatment would kill off zebra mussels at all, as few studies gave concrete evidence of it working elsewhere. Victoria Beach, Lake Winnipeg. (Credit: Shahnoor Habib Munmun via…
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    Frontier Scientists

  • When your only highways are ice

    Laura Nielsen
    29 Jul 2014 | 3:28 pm
    “The first half of the trip was in the forest and the second half on the tundra. The difference that those ecosystems imposed on the snow cover was beautifully manifest,” Matthew Sturm reminisces. He’s referencing a long snowmobile journey from Fairbanks, Alaska to Hudson Bay in Canada, chronicled in his book Finding the Arctic (University […]
  • Matthew Sturm – insight into the Arctic

    Laura Nielsen
    22 Jul 2014 | 3:15 pm
    Over four decades after entering the Arctic Circle for the first time, Matthew Sturm, snow scientist and University of Alaska professor, still looks on the Arctic as a place of wonder. In Finding the Arctic (University of Alaska Press, 2012), a story of history and culture along a 2,500 mile snowmobile journey from Alaska to […]
  • Arctic ground squirrel chronobiology; Wake up, guys, my biological clock says it’s…spring?

    Laura Nielsen
    8 Jul 2014 | 8:11 pm
    Biology major Brady Salli spends seven days a week in the vivarium making sure UAA’s arctic ground squirrels are fed, watered and, for those that are hibernating, tucked snugly into clean cotton batting. The kicker? He has to maintain a random schedule so the animals don’t “cheat” off of him. Professor Loren Buck, Department of […]
  • Fitness for birds in warming Alaska

    Laura Nielsen
    1 Jul 2014 | 7:04 pm
    Jonathan Perez stands in a remote part of Alaska’s North Slope while White-Crowned Sparrows sing from surrounding shrubs and a Jaeger flies overhead, calling. Perez is listening to the bird calls, recording what species sound out and how many individuals are singing. Next to him, an automated device is attempting to do the same. Listening […]
  • Measuring and modeling geothermal resources at Pilgrim Hot Springs

    Laura Nielsen
    24 Jun 2014 | 8:06 pm
    There’s a place where the perennially frozen ground of the Alaskan tundra is interrupted by 2 square miles [~ 5 km² ] of thawed soil. There, cottonwoods and thick brush grow among lazily meandering waterways. The Pilgrim Hot Springs are a pleasant symptom of the geothermal heat which warms the earth deep beneath Alaska’s Seward […]
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    Midwest Labs Blog | Omaha

  • Where do you want to go with precision ag?

    Pohlman Brent
    29 Jul 2014 | 9:52 pm
    Precision Ag - Where do you want to go?
  • InfoAg 2014

    Pohlman Brent
    29 Jul 2014 | 6:19 am
    InfoAg 2014 Opening Day!
  • Nematode Analysis

    Pohlman Brent
    28 Jul 2014 | 4:52 am
    Midwest Laboratories has received a large number of samples requesting nematode testing. This is the result of a number of factors. Many laboratories do not have the proper permits to handle soils outside of their state. In addition, Midwest Laboratories is one of the few labs in the country which has a certified nematologist on […]
  • How is processed cheese made?

    Pohlman Brent
    25 Jul 2014 | 5:05 am
    Processed Cheese - What steps are involved in the process?
  • Summer Lawn Tips

    Pohlman Brent
    24 Jul 2014 | 5:07 am
    Some summer lawn tips to help insure a thick, green lawn.
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  • Desacreditan múltiples evidencias de Pie Grande mediante pruebas de ADN

    Francisco P. Chávez
    11 Jul 2014 | 12:55 pm
    Hasta que finalmente llegaron las pruebas de ADN para analizar la controvertida leyenda de Pie Grande. Las noticias no son muy alentadoras para los creyentes en estas criaturas. Después que los científicos analizaron más de 30 muestras de cabello según atribuídos a bestias míticas similares como Pie Grande, el Yeti y el Sasquatch. El resultado es negativo ya que las muestras del supuesto animal mitológico que se analizaron, todos provenían de las criaturas más mundanas de la tierra como osos, lobos, vacas y mapaches. En 2012, los investigadores de la Universidad de Oxford y del…
  • Descubren que la manta raya chilena es capaz de realizar buceos muy profundos

    Francisco P. Chávez
    11 Jul 2014 | 10:03 am
      Por todos es conocido que las mantas rayas pasan su mayoría del tiempo en la superficie de los océanos. Particularmente la manta raya chilena (Mobula tarapacana) se observa con mayor frecuencia en sus deslizamientos a través de aguas cálidas y poco profundas. Pero un nuevo estudio realizado por científicos de la Institución Oceanográfica Woods Hole (WHOI) y otros científicos revela que estas grandes y majestuosas criaturas son en realidad uno de los animales del océano que más profundo bucean. Siempre que pensamos en mantas rayas las imaginamos viajando largas distancias…
  • Los monos también creen en las rachas ganadoras

    Francisco P. Chávez
    3 Jul 2014 | 10:29 am
      Los seres humanos tienen una tendencia bien documentada para ver ganar y perder en situaciones que, de hecho, son al azar. Pero los científicos no están de acuerdo sobre si el sesgo de una “racha ganadora” es un artefacto cultural recogidos en la niñez o una predisposición profundamente arraigado en la estructura de nuestra arquitectura cognitiva. En el primer estudio en primates no humanos sobre el error sistemático en la toma de decisiones, los investigadores encontraron que los monos también comparten nuestra creencia infundada en las rachas ganadoras. Los…
  • Crean bacteria semi-sintética con un código genético expandido y no natural

    Francisco P. Chávez
    8 May 2014 | 3:30 pm
      Los científicos del Instituto de Investigación Scripps (TSRI) han diseñado una bacteria cuyo material genético incluye un par de bases o “letras” adicionales que no se encuentra en la naturaleza. Las células de esta bacteria única pueden replicar las bases de ADN no naturales más o menos de la misma forma que las bases moleculares naturales.   La vida en la Tierra en toda su diversidad es codificada genéticamente por dos pares de bases de ADN, A-T y C-G. En síntesis lo que han hecho los científicos es crear un organismo que contiene de manera estable un tercer…
  • Infusiones de sangre joven revierten síntomas del envejecimiento en ratones

    Francisco P. Chávez
    5 May 2014 | 3:10 pm
      Algo en la sangre de los ratones jóvenes tiene la capacidad de restaurar las capacidades mentales en los ratones viejos. En otras palabras, la “terapia vampiro” es capaz de revertir algunos síntomas del envejecimiento. Esto descubrieron investigadores de la Universidad de Stanford en un artículo publicado en la revista Nature Medicine. Los vampiros al parecer tienen algo oculto que explica su comportamiento. Si lo descubierto por estos científicos pasa con los seres humanos, podría significar un nuevo paradigma para la recarga de nuestros cerebros que envejecen, y…
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    Science + Technology – Articles – The Conversation

  • Explainer: Israel's Iron Dome anti-missile system

    Raoul Heinrichs, Sir Arthur Tange Doctoral Scholar in Strategic and Defence Studies at Australian National University
    29 Jul 2014 | 9:39 pm
    An Israeli Iron Dome missile is fired to intercept a rocket from Gaza.EPA/Abir SultanThe breakdown of an initial ceasefire between Israeli forces and Hamas last weekend played out to a familiar soundtrack: the wail of air-raid sirens and the menacing hiss of incoming rocket fire, followed in many cases by the concussive crackle of Iron Dome missiles intercepting their targets. The Iron Dome anti-missile system first attracted attention two years ago, when it achieved between an 80-90% success rate. But the sudden escalation of rocket attacks from Gaza in recent weeks, coupled with the success…
  • Who really suffers in Michelle Phan's YouTube copyright case?

    Nicolas Suzor, Senior Lecturer, Faculty of Law at Queensland University of Technology
    29 Jul 2014 | 1:30 pm
    American internet sensation Michelle Phan is being sued for copyright.AAP Image/Lancome/Michelle Phan ImagesThe latest case of a popular YouTube blogger being sued for using music by other artists in her videos without permission raises the question of who really benefits from the re-use of music. In a claim filed this month, the electronic dance music label Ultra Records allege that beauty blogger Michelle Phan’s videos infringe their copyrights in nearly 50 cases. Phan is a self-made internet star who began posting makeup and self-help tutorials on YouTube in 2007. She has more than 6.7…
  • Chief Scientist's view: the smart path for an uncertain future

    Ian Chubb, Chief Scientist for Australia at Office of the Chief Scientist
    28 Jul 2014 | 9:38 pm
    We already have a good idea of the challenges ahead – and now we know how science can help.Kris Krüg/Flickr, CC BY-NC-SAAUSTRALIA 2025: How will science address the challenges of the future? In collaboration with Australia’s chief scientist Ian Chubb, we asked how each science discipline will contribute to Australia now and in the future. What will life be like in 2025? There are probably as many responses to that question as there are people prepared to answer it. Some look ahead to an exciting world of driverless cars, 3D printing and trillions of devices connected to a global web.
  • C'mon girls, let's program a better tech industry

    Karin Verspoor, Associate Professor, Department of Computing and Information Systems at University of Melbourne
    28 Jul 2014 | 1:25 pm
    Women can help deal with a shortfall of people in ICT industries.Flickr/European Parliament, CC BY-NC-NDTwitter is the latest tech company to reveal figures showing women are still underrepresented in the information and communication technology (ICT) workforce. Men make up 70% of the overall staff and women just 30%, according to a blog post by Janet Van Huysse, the company’s vice president for diversity and inclusion. But within technical jobs at the social media giant only one in ten of employees are women, she also revealed. Lately everyone seems to be talking about attracting women to…
  • Tracking your digital fingerprint online raises privacy issues

    Robert Merkel, Lecturer in Software Engineering at Monash University
    27 Jul 2014 | 1:20 pm
    Your computer has a special fingerprint that can give away details of your online browsing.Flickr/Sandra Nahdi, CC BY-NC-SAJust how much information we give away about ourselves as we browse the web has been raised again by a tracking device used in thousands of websites. Researchers at Belgium’s University of Leuven have revealed the widespread use of a technique called “canvas fingerprinting” that tracks the activities of people on a website without their knowledge. More than 5,600 websites were identified using the fingerprinting technique including Australian websites such as…
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    Sciencebase - Science, Snaps, Songs

  • Virtual Art Conservation

    David Bradley
    30 Jul 2014 | 8:09 am
    This tweet showing a partially restored painting where 500 years of grime, varnish and earlier conservation efforts got me thinking. We usually see all these fabulous old paintings through a patina of filth and there are people trying to strip them back to the artist’s original view…but with digital images and Photoshop could this be done virtually for a whole lot of artworks. We colourise old monochrome photographs, this would be akin to that, taking the image back to what it really looked like… More details about this specific restoration work here. Virtual Art…
  • Sciencebase Fifteenth Anniversary

    David Bradley
    25 Jul 2014 | 8:42 am
    It was 20th July 1999 when I first registered the domain name and transferred my old Elemental Discoveries websites from various ISP and freenet type hosts to this super hub of science. Don’t the years just fly by? At that time, I was quite serious about building up a science portal (as they were then known) and publishing regular science news, views, and interviews in what would eventually become known as the blogging format. Quite by chance 20th July was the forty-fifth anniversary of a slightly more globally significant event – the first manned moon landing. When I…
  • The Real David Bradley

    David Bradley
    18 Jul 2014 | 7:36 am
    I feel awfully guilty calling myself “the real David Bradley” now that I’ve met the actor who played Argus Filch in the Harry Potter films and William Hartnell alongside actor Brian Cox in the BBC Dr Who period drama “An Adventure in Space and Time”. I just happened to bump into him in a pub whilst we were on a camping trip to North Norfolk. I introduced myself and he was more than happy to give me an autograph, but only if I gave him mine (apparently he knew of his namesake and the book Deceived Wisdom), which was rather gratifying. As two celebrities sharing a…
  • Buy “Wishful Thinking”

    David Bradley
    8 Jul 2014 | 1:43 am
    Click a button above to buy Dave “Sciencebass” Bradley’s album “Wishful Thinking” from iTunes, BandCamp and Google play. Also on ReverbNation and available for streaming via Spotify as sciencebass (Wishful Thinking) and Dave Bradley (covers EP also on Loudr.FM). In case you didn’t know, I wear three hats: a science journalist’s green eyeshade, a backwards turned baseball cap for shooting photographs and a really trendy felt hat for writing songs…well, not really. But I have written and recorded a bunch of acoustic and electric reflecting…
  • Just a moderate bee sting

    David Bradley
    2 Jul 2014 | 1:55 am
    When the garden lawn is covered in blooming clover (Trifolium) and the last few honeybees (Apis mellifera) that haven’t yet succumbed to colony collapse disorder are busy about their floral business, it’s probably a good idea to not walk around barefoot in the garden with one’s reading glasses on, it would help avoid all that embarrassing hopping about in blooming apitoxin-induced pain…caused mainly by melittin…
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  • What is an Heirloom Tomato, Anyway?

    Eleanor Nelsen
    29 Jul 2014 | 7:00 am
    Animation by Michaela Vatcheva “Heirloom” tomatoes. “Hybrid” cucumber seeds. Cereal free of “genetically modified” ingredients. These food labels are everywhere, but what exactly do they mean? In the short animation above, we remove some of the mystery by showing that these terms refer to different ways of creating plants with appealing traits — like a drought-resistant strain of wheat or a beautifully blushing apple. Designing a better plant has always been part of agriculture, but as we’ve learned more about genetics, our toolkit for developing those plants has expanded.
  • Get Energized by KQED’s New E-books and iTunes U Course

    Andrea Aust
    25 Jul 2014 | 7:00 am
    If someone used the word “perspicacious,” would you know what they were talking about? What about an even simpler word that you use everyday: “energy?” From turning on the lights to working out at the gym, we use energy every day, but what exactly is energy? KQED and the Precourt Institute for Energy at Stanford University have partnered to demystify the topic of energy in a new two-part iBooks Textbook series and iTunes U course. As with our other iBooks Textbooks—Earthquake, River Delta and Biotechnology—readers can investigate scientific concepts, new technologies, and…
  • Coal Ash Conundrum

    Lucy Laffitte
    22 Jul 2014 | 7:00 am
    What happens to the river ecosystem when tons of coal ash gets mixed into the layer of sediment on the river bottom? Photo credit: Pete Harrison, Waterkeeper Alliance. QUEST North Carolina’s Daniel Lane contributed to this article. On a Sunday in February in Eden, North Carolina, a sinkhole formed in the middle of a pond of coal ash slurry next to the retired Dan River Steam Station. A stormwater pipe underneath the ash pond cracked and was sucking in ash and shuttling it to the nearby river. Duke Energy, owner of the facility, sent emergency crews to the site, but it was a complicated fix.
  • Antarctic Glacier's Retreat "Unstoppable"

    Katie Jennings
    15 Jul 2014 | 7:00 am
    “All of our simulations show it will retreat at less than a millimeter of sea level rise per year for a couple of hundred years, and then, boom, it just starts to really go." Photo courtesy of James Yungel/NASA. Global sea levels are rising at an accelerating rate. Google Maps of Sea Level Rises will even calculate the impact of rising oceans on your home town. Though the disappearance of Manhattan feels like a distant threat, recent research from the University of Washington indicates the melting of Antarctic glaciers may be happening sooner than previously expected. A study…
  • Fire Returns to The Great Plains

    Jackie Sojico
    10 Jul 2014 | 7:00 am
    Jose Luis Duce, from Spain's Ministry of the Environment, is training to do a prescribed burn with firefighters from Spain, Colorado, Wyoming, California, and Nebraska. (Photo credit: Jackie Sojico, QUEST Nebraska) Firefighter Phil Dye uses a flapper tool to put out any remaining flames on the black line. (Photo credit: Ben Wheeler, Pheasants Forever) If you’re working on a prescribed burn, you need to have a few things with you. “This tool here is called a thaw claw or a hoe… This is called a fire swatter or flapper,” said Phil Dye, a firefighter from the San Francisco Bay Area.
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    As Many Exceptions As Rules

  • Does Life Come In XXXS?

    30 Jul 2014 | 5:00 am
    Biology concepts – characteristics of life, archaea, bacteria, mycoplasma, synthetic biology, symbiosis, parasitism, nanobacteria, genomeAs part of this blog, we have talked about some pretty small life. Wolffia globosa is the smallest flowering plant, only 0.6 mm long. We also talked about archaea, a different kingdom than bacteria, but still on the smallish side of life. The tardigrade is the toughest animal, but is also one of the smallest, at 100 µm (0.00394 inch). The organism on the top is T. dieteri, and arthropod, just as is any crab or spider. The size is deceiving. The pictures…
  • Let's Get Loud

    23 Jul 2014 | 5:00 am
    Biology concepts – vocalizations, mechanical sounds, sonar, decibels, stridulation Today it seems that truth is more complex than ever. van Goethe was a German statesman and a very successful writer. He wrote novels, scientific treatises, lyric poems, as well as dramas. Born in 1749, one might say that his quote was true for his day; it was a simpler time. But think how simple our time will seem to those who live a hundred years from now – unless we’ve found our way back to the Stone Age.I have worked for years in science, and I’m supposed to be a big boy and realize that things are…
  • East To West And Back Again

    16 Jul 2014 | 5:00 am
    Biological concepts – carbohydrates, heliotropism, monoecious, dioecious I’m trying to think of a situation where quantity is better than quality. Perhaps some could argue that since quality is subjective, one person’s quality would be another person’s attempt for quantity. In friends and experiences, I go with quality. You can travel to every place on Earth, but if you don’t come back changed, there was no quality. You can have many acquaintances, but you really need only one true friend.When it comes to the number of economically important plants, the Americas have not got many to…
  • What’s So Repelling About Repellents?

    9 Jul 2014 | 5:00 am
    Biology concepts – thermosensing, repellent, odor receptors, gustatory receptors, semiochemcials Science explains our world, and then technology and engineering build a model of that for our use. The better we know how our universe works, the better we can make use of it. In the 1985 film Real Genius, this difference is stated when the scientist students ask what a 6 megawatt laser might be for, one student says, “Let the engineers figure out a use for it.” In this case, they used it to fill a house with popcorn.Science exists to describe our universe in terms of rules and mechanisms;…
  • How Do Mosquitoes Find You?

    2 Jul 2014 | 5:00 am
    Biology concepts – semiochemicals, hematophagy, proboscis, thermosensing, TRPA1 Sure, mosquitoes suck blood and pass along malaria that kill more humans than any other infectious disease. But would it be good to get rid of them. They provide food for birds – one scientist suggests that elimination of Arctic mosquitoes could reduce northern bird populations by 50%. And mosquitoes pollinate flowers too, like blueberries and cranberries. See, they’re not all bad.We can start our summer series of biology questions by continuing our discussion of taste and thermosensing. It seems that some…
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    Laboratory News » News

  • Malaria research close to understanding parasite lifecycle

    30 Jul 2014 | 12:00 am
    A Nottingham researcher who had malaria seven times as a child is close to understanding the life-cycle of the parasite which causes the disease. Dr Rita Tewari has studied the roles of 30 protein phosphatases and 72 kinases as the malaria parasite develops in the body and then in the mosquito gut. She believes this means her team are closer than ever to disrupting the life-cycle of the malaria-causing parasite. “This latest study identifies how protein phosphatases regulate parasite development and differentiation,” she said. “Our research provides a systematic functional analysis for…
  • Self-assembling nanoparticle could aid cancer diagnosis

    29 Jul 2014 | 12:00 am
    A new self-assembling nanoparticle which targets cancerous tumours could boost the effectiveness of MRI scanning to help doctors diagnose the disease earlier. The iron oxide nanoparticles (IONPs), developed at Imperial College London, are designed to selectively undergo copper-free click conjugation upon sensing matrix metalloproteinase (MMP) enzymes. In this chemical reaction, the nanoparticles interact with the cell, shed their special protein coating and ‘click’ together to form a superparamagnetic nanocluster network capable of being seen on the scan. “By improving the sensitivity…
  • Control protein switch found

    28 Jul 2014 | 12:00 am
    Research from Dundee has revealed how a complex protein pivotal in the development of cancer, autoimmune disease and viral infection is activated. The study answers a key question about how NF-KB – nuclear factor kappa-light-chain-enhancer of activated B cells – is activated. The protein complex controls the transcription of DNA and plays a key role in regulating the immune response to infection. It is found in almost all animal cells, and its incorrect regulation is linked to cancer, inflammatory and autoimmune disease. “NF-KB has been the subject of a vast amount of research for many…
  • Doing the walk of life

    25 Jul 2014 | 12:00 am
    For 50 million years, animals have used the same food foraging techniques suggests research from the University of Southampton. The Lévy Walk consists of many small move steps, interspersed with rare long steps – theoretically the movement is optimal for locating sparse resources. It’s used by creatures including sharks, honeybees and penguins, but it was also used by sea urchins 50 million years ago. Analysis of fossilised sea urchin tracks preserved in rocky cliffs in Zumaia, northern Spain revealed that the animals used the same technique, suggesting it may have an even more ancient…
  • Hope for sufferers of rare childhood disease

    24 Jul 2014 | 12:00 am
    Scientists as Newcastle University have taken the first step toward treating the rare childhood disease Joubert Syndrome. The disease, an inherited developmental disorder which affects the brain, kidney and eyes, currently has no cure, but this research means it is now possible to develop a therapy to help sufferers. Published in Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, it describes how a signalling problem causes life-threatening cystic kidney disease, which often leads to kidney failure by the age of 13. “What is crucial here is that we have shown that the kidney damage in these…
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    Science News from

  • Healthy Lifestyle May Buffer Against Stress-Related Cell Aging, Study Says

    Science News Desk
    29 Jul 2014 | 10:53 am
    A new study from UC San Francisco is the first to show that while the impact of life’s stressors accumulate over time and accelerate cellular aging, these negative effects may be reduced by maintaining a healthy diet, exercising and sleeping more
  • Cancer researchers identify irreversible inhibitor for KRAS gene mutation involved in lung, colon, and pancreatic cancers

    Science News Desk
    29 Jul 2014 | 10:49 am
    UT Southwestern Medical Center cancer researchers have found a molecule that selectively and irreversibly interferes with the activity of a mutated cancer gene common in 30 percent of more
  • Study: Climate change and air pollution will combine to curb food supplies

    Science News Desk
    28 Jul 2014 | 8:52 am
    Many studies have shown the potential for global climate change to cut food supplies. But these studies have, for the most part, ignored the interactions between increasing temperature and air pollution — specifically ozone pollution, which is known to damage crops. A new study involving researchers at MIT shows that these interactions can be quite significant, suggesting that policymakers need to take both warming and air pollution into account in addressing food more
  • Motivation May Explain Disconnect Between Cognitive Testing and Real-Life Functioning for Older Adults

    Science News Desk
    28 Jul 2014 | 8:42 am
    A psychology researcher at North Carolina State University is proposing a new theory to explain why older adults show declining cognitive ability with age, but don’t necessarily show declines in the workplace or daily life. One key appears to be how motivated older adults are to maintain focus on cognitive more
  • Link Between Ritual Circumcision Procedure and Herpes Infection in Infants Examined

    Science News Desk
    28 Jul 2014 | 8:36 am
    A rare procedure occasionally performed during Jewish circumcisions that involves direct oral suction is a likely source of  herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV-1) transmissions documented in infants between 1988 and 2012, a literature review conducted by Penn Medicine researchers and published online in the Journal of the Pediatric Infectious Diseases Society found.  The reviewers, from Penn’s Center for Evidence-based Practice, identified 30 reported cases in New York, Canada and more
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    Citizen Science Center

  • Featured TED: Citizen science and innovation

    Chandra Clarke
    14 Jul 2014 | 6:02 pm
      The post Featured TED: Citizen science and innovation appeared first on Citizen Science Center.
  • Roll your own citizen science project

    Chandra Clarke
    7 Jul 2014 | 5:05 am
    Some tools to build your own project  (Photo credit: Wikipedia) Previously, I’ve discussed citizen science projects that you can join. Today, I’m going to talk about some tools you can use to create your own citizen science project. Pybossa Pybossa bills itself as “the only open source framework for making crowdsourcing projects.” The goal of the software is to allow organizers to complete huge tasks in record time with the help of volunteers. Programmed in Python and based on the University of California at Berkeley’s Bossa project (the same organization that…
  • Seeing is bee-lieving

    Chandra Clarke
    23 Jun 2014 | 8:06 pm
    Bee Happy (Photo credit: Treesha Duncan) You’ve probably read a lot of articles in the last year about colony collapse disorder—sudden massive bee hive die-offs. There are a number of different theories about the problem (although nothing has been agreed upon yet), including pesticide use, fungal infection, and disease. What many of the stories have failed to note, however, is that bee populations were in trouble before the disorder made headlines. In the UK, it is estimated that 97% of wildflower meadows have disappeared in the past 60 years and some 20 species of bees have gone…
  • Featured TED talk: The danger of science denial

    Chandra Clarke
    21 Jun 2014 | 7:00 pm
    One of the reasons why I advocate for citizen science is that I want more people to be comfortable with science and technology. I also hope that by getting involved, people will come to understand the science behind the project they commit to. This talk by Michael Specter discusses why science denialism is a dangerous problem in modern society. Check it out: The danger of science denial. The post Featured TED talk: The danger of science denial appeared first on Citizen Science Center.
  • Join the World Oceans Day Event

    Chandra Clarke
    2 Jun 2014 | 6:27 pm
    The aptly-named sawfish. (Photo credit: Wikipedia) Need an excuse to hit the beach? I’ve got you covered. This Sunday, June 8, 2014, four ocean-related citizen science projects want you to explore the ocean by walking on the beach, going boating or fishing, by diving or stand-up-paddleboarding. Then you can report your observations. The eBird program wants you to report on any and all birds you see on your trip, while eShark wants to know about your shark and ray sightings, as well as sawfish, turtles, jellyfish, seahorses, whales/dolphins, and seals, and anything unexpected. Marine…
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    Breaking Science News |

  • Extreme Waves Recorded in Arctic Ocean
    30 Jul 2014 | 8:24 am
    Five-meter-high waves have been detected in the middle of the Arctic Ocean by Dr Jim Thomson of the University of Washington and Dr Erick Rogers of the Stennis Space Center’s Naval Research Laboratory. “As the Arctic is melting, it’s a pretty simple prediction that the additional open water should make waves,” said Dr Thomson, who [...]
  • Only 8.2 % of Human DNA is Functional, Say Genetic Researchers
    30 Jul 2014 | 3:48 am
    According to a group of genetic scientists led by Dr Gerton Lunter of the University of Oxford’s Wellcome Trust Centre for Human Genetics, only 8.2 percent of human genome is likely to be doing something important. This figure is very different from one given in 2012 by researchers from the Encyclopedia of DNA Elements (ENCODE) [...]
  • Scientists Discover 101 Geysers on Enceladus
    29 Jul 2014 | 11:31 am
    A team of U.S. researchers using data from NASA’s Cassini spacecraft has discovered 101 active geysers erupting on Enceladus, the sixth-largest moon of Saturn. After the first sighting of geysers on Enceladus in 2005, planetary scientists suspected that repeated flexing of the moon by Saturn’s tides as the moon orbits the planet had something to [...]
  • Study Sheds New Light on Extinction of Dinosaurs
    28 Jul 2014 | 12:42 pm
    According to a study published in the journal Biological Reviews, non-avian dinosaurs might have survived the impact of a large bolide about 66 million years ago if it had happened a few million years earlier or later. “There has long been intense scientific debate about the cause of the dinosaur extinction,” said Dr Richard Butler [...]
  • 1-Million-Year-Old Artifacts Found in South Africa
    26 Jul 2014 | 2:47 pm
    Archaeologists from the University of Toronto and the University of Cape Town have unearthed a large number of Early to Middle Pleistocene stone artifacts including hand axes, flakes and other tools at an archaeological site near the town of Kathu in Northern Cape Province, South Africa. The site, named the Kathu Townlands, is one of [...]
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  • Introduction to Genetics

    Surendar Ravi
    8 Jul 2014 | 1:05 pm
    What is Genetics ?            Gеnеtісѕ іѕ thе ѕtudу оf how genes brіng about сhаrасtеrіѕtісѕ, оr trаіtѕ, іn lіvіng thіngѕ and hоw thоѕе сhаrасtеrіѕtісѕ are іnhеrіtеd. Gеnеѕ are роrtіоnѕ оf DNA mоlесulеѕ that determine сhаrасtеrіѕtісѕ of living things. Thrоugh thе рrосеѕѕеѕ of meiosis and rерrоduсtіоn, genes are trаnѕmіttеd frоm one gеnеrаtіоn tо thе next.           Thе Auguѕtіnіаn mоnk Grеgоr Mеndеl dеvеlореd the science оf gеnеtісѕ. Mеndеl реrfоrmеd hіѕ…
  • Recombinant DNA technology

    Surendar Ravi
    8 Jul 2014 | 12:38 pm
    What recombinant DNA technology ?           Rесоmbіnаnt DNA tесhnоlоgу is a tесhnоlоgу thаt allows DNA tо be produced vіа artificial means. Thе рrосеdurе hаѕ bееn uѕеd to change DNA in lіvіng оrgаnіѕmѕ аnd may have even mоrе рrасtісаl uses іn the future. It іѕ аn area оf mеdісаl ѕсіеnсе thаt іѕ just beginning tо bе rеѕеаrсhеd іn a concerted еffоrt.         Thіѕ tесhnоlоgу wоrkѕ bу tаkіng DNA frоm two different sources аnd соmbіnіng іt іntо a ѕіnglе mоlесulе. Thаt alone,…
  • DNA replication

    Surendar Ravi
    8 Jul 2014 | 12:27 pm
    What is DNA?           DNA саrrіеѕ thе information fоr mаkіng аll оf thе сеll’ѕ рrоtеіnѕ. These рrо­tеіnѕ implement аll оf thе funсtіоnѕ of a lіvіng organism and determine thе organism’­s сhаrасtеrіѕtісѕ. Whеn thе сеll reproduces, it has to раѕѕ аll оf thіѕ information оn tо thе dаughtеr сеllѕ.   Replication of DNA :             Bеfоrе a сеll can reproduce, іt muѕt first rерlісаtе, оr make a сору оf, іtѕ DNA. Whеrе DNA rерlісаtіоn оссurѕ dереndѕ uроn whеthеr…
  • Transcription and Translation in Eukaryotes

    Surendar Ravi
    24 Jan 2014 | 7:42 am
    What are eukaryotes? These are organisms whose cell structure such as organelles is enclosed within the membrane. The nucleus is the defining cell structure that sets eukaryotic cells apart from the prokaryotic cells. The presence of the nucleus gives these organisms their names. Being more complex than Prokaryotes, they make up all fungi, plant, animals such as amoeba. Eukaryotic cells are known for their strong cytoskeleton and their internal membranes. The cytoskeleton is made of proteins like actin and keratin which holds a cell together, differentiating its organelles. Eukaryote means…
  • Transcription and Translation in Prokaryotes

    Surendar Ravi
    24 Jan 2014 | 7:16 am
    Introduction Prokaryotes are singled celled organisms and may be referred to as the earliest form of the most primitive life on earth. They include bacterial, prokaryotes and Achaeans. They are able to survive in a variety of environments including extreme habitats like swamps, hot springs, wet lands and the guts of animals. Prokaryotic cells are less complex when compared to eukaryotic cells. They lack a true nucleus and no DNA molecules. The following can be found in the bacterial cell: Capsule, Cell wall, cytoplasm, Plasma Membrane, Pili, Flagella, Ribosomes, Plasmids and the Nucleoid…
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    Just Science

  • Rising Seas: Will the Outer Banks Survive

    Matthew Russell
    29 Jul 2014 | 9:38 am
    Development and climate change are causing the islands to slowly vanish, scientists say. Rising sea levels and beach erosion are threatening houses in the Outer Banks; this one is being moved farther from shore. Photograph by David Alan Harvey, National…The post Rising Seas: Will the Outer Banks Survive appeared first on Just Science.
  • Happy 15th Birthday, Chandra

    Matthew Russell
    29 Jul 2014 | 9:37 am
    X-ray data (in red) reveal 160 young stars in the cluster on the right in the Rosette star-forming region. ( (NASA/CXC/SAO/et al 2 of 18 This image of supernova remnant Cassiopeia A shows low-energy X-rays (red), medium-energy ones (green), and the highest-energy…The post Happy 15th Birthday, Chandra appeared first on Just Science.
  • Reflecting on Your Greatness: 7 Questions for Self Reflection

    Matthew Russell
    1 Jul 2014 | 1:55 pm
    It is important that we make time for a little self reflection once and a while. Sometimes we get so hung up looking for praise outside of ourselves, when really, all that matters is that praise comes from within. So let’s give ourselves a…The post Reflecting on Your Greatness: 7 Questions for Self Reflection appeared first on Just Science.
  • 20 Motivational Quotes for Kids about Life and Learning!

    Matthew Russell
    1 Jul 2014 | 1:54 pm
    Quotes for kids! Yes! Short! Simple! Inspirational! Cute! Attention grabbing! Thought Provoking! Kids need to b e equipped with positive self talk just as much as anybody else. As an educator, I would say they need it even more. With children incorporating…The post 20 Motivational Quotes for Kids about Life and Learning! appeared first on Just Science.
  • What True Beauty Is About (A Tribute To Maya Angelou)

    Matthew Russell
    1 Jul 2014 | 1:54 pm
    I have always come across Maya Angelou’s quotes in other books and blogs, or seeing people sharing her quotes on Facebook. They are all very inspiring, but somehow it didn’t get me to the point to read up more about her and her works. As I read the news…The post What True Beauty Is About (A Tribute To Maya Angelou) appeared first on Just Science.
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    Tommylandz ツ - Viral News and Trending Stories

  • Cocoa farmers trying chocolate for the first time is a must watch

    Tommylandz ツ™
    30 Jul 2014 | 6:50 am
    "You would think that chocolate is universal. Something that is everywhere, that everyone can enjoy. It's not. There's people who have never tried it, even the farmers who break their backs to... [[ This is a content summary only. Visit my website for full links, other content, and more! ]]
  • This Interactive Cloud Lamp Brings A Thunderstorm In Your Living Room

    Tommylandz ツ™
    25 Jul 2014 | 6:20 am
    "This wonderful interactive audiovisual fixture by Richard Clarkson’s inter-disciplinary design studio brings all of the thunder but none of the rain of a summer storm to your home’s interior." The... [[ This is a content summary only. Visit my website for full links, other content, and more! ]]
  • Joaquin Phoenix’s Forehead Just Blew Me Away…

    Tommylandz ツ™
    16 Jul 2014 | 4:47 pm
    "OMG I seriously cannot stop laughing. This is absolutely memorizing! Warning, you will NEVER be able to unsee this, so don't watch it if it will ruin his movies for ya" The post Joaquin Phoenix’s... [[ This is a content summary only. Visit my website for full links, other content, and more! ]]
  • Here Are The Very Last Photographs Taken Of These 25 Iconic Celebrities.

    Tommylandz ツ™
    16 Jul 2014 | 9:22 am
    "These photos are a good reminder of our own mortality. Shortly after each of these pictures were taken, life-changing tragedy struck. The photos below are the very last pictures ever taken of each... [[ This is a content summary only. Visit my website for full links, other content, and more! ]]
  • Insane Comcast Rep Refuses to Cancel a Customer’s Service

    Tommylandz ツ™
    16 Jul 2014 | 7:45 am
    "Desperate Comcast Rep Refuses to Cancel a Customer’s Service. I can hardly imagine what horrible, punitive incentive structure Comcast has put in place for its employees that might inspire this sort... [[ This is a content summary only. Visit my website for full links, other content, and more! ]]
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    iSains, Science Blog

  • Trees Saving 850 Human Lives A Year

    30 Jul 2014 | 8:53 am
    A recent study of US Forest Service scientists and collaborators have estimated that more than 850 trees saved human lives in a year and prevent 670,000 acute respiratory symptoms. According to this study, shade trees planted in urban areas is more important than rural trees because the functions and benefits can be directly felt by the townspeople. Meanwhile, pollution prevention through the
  • Discovery Ancient Artifacts 1 Million Years In South Africa

    28 Jul 2014 | 10:17 pm
    This month, the world was shocked by findings of the archaeological excavation of a site in Kathu, Northern Peninsula province of South Africa. Archaeologists have found tens of thousands of ancient artifacts were thought to have come from the Stone Age, including hand axes and other tools that were made about 1 million years ago. The excavation was carried out by archaeologists from the
  • Is Earth In Early Stages Of Mass Extinction Event?

    25 Jul 2014 | 9:46 pm
    It's 3,5 billion years ago, there was a major disaster, mass extinction event which left the evolution, biodiversity lost much of its history and maybe reach crisis point. It is estimated that approximately 16-33 percent of the species living on Earth will be threatened or even endangered. Large animal described as megafauna, including elephant, rhino, polar bears and countless other species
  • How Much Magma Beneath The Earth's Crust? Scientists Revealed

    24 Jul 2014 | 8:09 pm
    How many layers of magma under the earth? Molten rock or magma has a strong influence on the Earth that causes the destructive volcanic eruptions and produce minerals. The science of this phenomenon is still limited to the fact, that most of the magma cools and solidifies a few kilometers in the depths of the Earth. Until now, scientists only expose from the surface, the evidence left over
  • Carboniferous Gephyrostegus, Primitive Vertebrate 300 MY Ago

    24 Jul 2014 | 12:59 am
    The paleontologist at the Natural History Museum and academics from the University of Lincoln, Cambridge and Solvakia successfully reconstruct the structure of the primitive vertebrate specimens that lived about 308 million years ago. Carboniferous Gephyrostegus is a lizard-like reptile that could be an example of the beginning and explain the origin of all primitive vertebrates, including
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  • Eroded Earth: The Forge of Gravity

    28 Jul 2014 | 9:42 am
    Gravity-Defying Lanscapes Over millions of years, weathering and erosion of sandstone have produced unique landforms, such as arches, alcoves, pedestals and pillars.  Until now, the natural process remained a mystery.  It was difficult to study, because of the huge time-scales involved in the erosion of natural slabs of sandstone.  Gravity-induced stresses had been assumed not to play any role in landform preservation.  Instead gravity was thought to increase the rates of weathering and natural erosion...   Geologists have now shown that increased…
  • Friends or Fourth Cousins

    19 Jul 2014 | 5:59 pm
    Do your Friends have Similar Genomes? Do you know who your fourth cousins are?  The chances are you don't.  But do you know who your friends are?  Of course, you know that much.  But did you ever stop and think why or how your friends are your friends?  Could your friends actually share part of your DNA, to the same extent a distant family member does?  Is your DNA more similar to that of your friends, or to that of your fourth cousins?  A controversial study from two US researchers claims that we are more genetically similar to our friends than we…
  • Van der Waals and the Gecko

    4 Jul 2014 | 4:06 pm
    The Sticky Physics of Van der Waals Forces Geckos are amazing creatures.  They scamper up walls, scuttle along ceilings and hang upside down on polished glass surfaces.  However, the secret of their amazing climbing ability remained a mystery until relatively recently.  The secret lies in weak intermolecular forces, described by Van der Waals in 1873. Johannes Diderik van der Waals was born in Leiden in The Netherlands in 1837.  Despite the constraints of his working class education, Van der…
  • Calculating Entropy – The Energy of Change

    25 Jun 2014 | 12:49 pm
    It's About Heat and Temperature What is the difference between heat and temperature?  Heat is thermal energy.  Temperature is a measurement of the average kinetic energy of the particles which compose the matter being tested.  When heat flows into a material, one of two things happen: either the temperature of the material can rise, or there may be a change in its state such as from ice to liquid, or liquid to vapour. The difference is heat is thermal energy transferred from one object to another because of a temperature difference, and temperature is a relative…
  • Rise of the Exoskeletons – Get Up… and Kick-Off!

    11 Jun 2014 | 9:03 am
    Mind Controlled Exoskeleton Demonstration at 2014 World Cup Opening Ceremony On 12 June at Arena Corinthians in São Paulo, shortly before 5pm local time, a young paraplegic Brazilian youth will stand up from a wheelchair... walk over to midfield... and take a kick in the opening ceremony of the 2014 World Cup in Brazil!  It's fever pitch again.  Every four years.  But you don't need to wait for the big final to see really exciting stuff.  It is set to happen from the very start... A fully-paralysed Brazilian teen will don…
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    FiveThirtyEight » Science | FiveThirtyEight

  • What Do We Really Know About the Safety of E-Cigarettes?

    Emily Oster
    23 Jul 2014 | 3:26 am
    Last week, I noticed two teenagers loitering outside an IKEA in New Haven, Connecticut, smoking. The only difference between now and what I might have seen five years ago was that the cigarettes were electronic.Seemingly overnight, smoking e-cigarettes has become popular. This growth has generated an active policy debate on regulation. Those who would like to ban e-cigarettes say that we don’t have enough information on their risks, and that the availability of this technology will compel more people to smoke, creating adverse public health effects. Those who champion e-cigarettes say…
  • How a Woman’s Weight Before Pregnancy Affects Childbirth

    Emily Oster
    10 Jul 2014 | 6:53 am
    Earlier this year, The Journal of the American Medical Association (JAMA) published a study on how women’s weight before getting pregnant affects their pregnancies. The paper argued that excess weight during pregnancy was associated with large increases in miscarriage and stillbirth. The fact that obesity raises many pregnancy risks — including fetal death — is generally well known. What made this paper striking, however, was that it suggested that the risks increase at much lower weights than previously thought: Based on the authors’ conclusions, you’re better off…
  • The FiveFingers Settlement Didn’t Settle the Barefoot Running Debate

    Emily Oster
    23 Jun 2014 | 5:43 am
    When I ran cross country in high school, the fastest guy on the boys team ran barefoot. I remember thinking this was wacky, especially given that a lot of the “cross country” courses were on asphalt. He had come to Connecticut from the West Coast, so I assumed at the time it was some kind of California thing. It wasn’t until many years later, in reading Christopher McDougall’s “Born to Run,” when I realized that this kid was onto something and, apparently, that the padded-shoe industrial complex was out to get me.In “Born to Run,” McDougall sets out to learn why he is…
  • We Have a Weather Forecast For Every World Cup Match, Even the Ones a Month Away

    Harry Enten
    13 Jun 2014 | 8:31 am
    It’s the moment every soccer fan’s been waiting for. The teams are out on the field and the match is about to begin. Then comes the rain. And then the thunder. And then the lightning. Enough of it that the match is delayed.With the World Cup taking place in a country comprising several different ecosystems — a rain forest among them — you’re going to be hearing a lot about the weather in Brazil over the next month.But we don’t have to wait until the day of — or even five days before — any given match to get a sense of what the weather will be. We…
  • Patients Can Face Grave Risks When Doctors Stick to the Rules Too Much

    Emily Oster
    13 Jun 2014 | 3:01 am
    Let’s say you run a grocery store. One of many problems you’ll face is what to tell your employees about managing food close to expiration. One option is to give them a set of rules (e.g. all fruit is thrown away after three days). Another option is to give them discretion (e.g. look carefully at the fruit after three days, but use your judgment when it comes to deciding what to throw away). The tradeoffs are clear: The rule approach means you’ll lose more fruit, but the discretion approach means there will sometimes be rotting fruit in the mix if your employees don’t do a good…
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    Green Planet

  • Green City

    Prasun Barua
    21 Jul 2014 | 11:16 pm
    Green City is the system of creating a green and sustainable city by utilizing and implementing green technologies and policies. It includes renewable energy generation, environmental impact per person, environmentally friendly green transport used by people, recycling programs, constructing green building and reserve green spaces.Following implementations are necessary in order to create a Green City:Appropriate urban planning should be made comprehensively.Location with green natural beauty makes people feeling a connection to their surroundings.Going green not only save the planet but also…
  • Bio electricity

    Prasun Barua
    21 May 2014 | 2:38 am
    Bio electricity is the process of producing electromagnetic energy by living organisms. The bio electric activity which happens throughout the human body is very necessary to life. Living cells can produce electric, magnetic and electromagnetic fields which enable the action of muscles and the transmission of information in the nerves. This is the concept of quick signaling in nerves. It produces physical processes in muscles or glands. There is some similarity among the muscles, nerves and glands of all organisms. The early development of fairly efficient electrochemical systems is the…
  • Solar Boat

    Prasun Barua
    17 May 2014 | 5:39 am
    Solar boat is an electrical boat which is powered by solar energy utilizing solar photovoltaic modules, batteries and other necessary electrical accessories. They are quiet, independent and clean engines. Here, batteries store free energy from the sun.The available sunlight is converted into electric power by solar cells which is temporarily stored in batteries. It is used to drive a propeller through an electric motor. Typically, power levels are within a few hundred watts to a few kilowatts. A specific solar boat can run on solar energy depends on its technical design, the amount of…
  • Bio plastics

    Prasun Barua
    22 Apr 2014 | 1:46 pm
    What is Bio plastics?Bio plastics are the bio based plastics produced from renewable resources like corn starch, pea starch, vegetable fats and oils. On the other hand, conventional plastics or fossil fuel plastics are produced from petroleum. Conventional plastics create more greenhouse gas which is very dangerous for our environment. Petroleum is very limited resource in the earth. It becomes expensive day by day. One day, this resource will be finished. During burning petroleum products like plastics, carbon is emitted and it causes the climate change. Conventional plastics are harmful…
  • Solar Water Disinfection

    Prasun Barua
    27 Mar 2014 | 12:44 pm
    We know that water is an important element in our life. Our lives are survived by water. Indeed, our body contains huge amount of water. Purified water can save our life. On the other hand, germ infected water can destroy our life. So, we need to drink water which is disinfected. We can make our water disinfected by utilizing various systems. Solar Water Disinfection is one of the significant system to make our water disinfected.Solar Water Disinfection is a system which utilizes solar energy to remove biological agents like bacteria, protozoa, viruses and worms from water and makes it…
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  • On Flight MH17

    19 Jul 2014 | 7:27 am
         Much like Jon Stewart, I was really surprised to get home from vacation and learn that the world had gone to crap while I was lounging on the beach. This post was originally going to be about my vacation by the ocean, but I think we can all agree that there are some much more important matters to be discussed, namely - Flight MH17.Read more »
  • On the FIFA World Cup

    26 Jun 2014 | 11:09 am
         Lately everything from Google to Facebook has talked of nothing but the 2014 FIFA World Cup. I get it, we're all excited to see which country produces the best soccer players, but there is more to life than kicking a ball around on artificial turf. At least when the Olympics come around, we can all see a nice big variety of sports. Unfortunately, FIFA forces us to endure to weeks full of a single event, namely the aforementioned ball kicking on artificial turf.Read more »
  • On Binge-Watching

    19 Jun 2014 | 1:03 pm
         Has Netflix taken over control of your life? If you answered "Yes" to that question, you're not alone. Online streaming has ruined the existence of many individuals, myself included. If by some strange act of God you actually haven't been corrupted by the ability to watch one TV show for hours (and hours) on end, run. Run and never look back, because there is still hope for you. Hope that one day, you may be a productive member of society. As for the rest of us, we're screwed.Read more »
  • 'Tis Finally Summer!

    14 Jun 2014 | 9:56 am
         I'm going to apologize right now for my last post about Graham's number, as it was pretty awful. In my defence, I was studying furiously for exams that evening (and/or marathoning Torchwood on Netflix.) But I am oh-so happy to announce that this school year is officially over! I've had a great freshman year and I've made some excellent new friends at my high school, but I'm just ready for the year to be over at this point.Read more »
  • On Graham's Number

    8 Jun 2014 | 3:36 pm
         Graham's number, named after its creator, Ronald Graham, is a very, very large number. It is in fact quite a lot larger than you or I can understand. It dwarfs numbers even as huge as googolplex (10^10^100). To see just how staggeringly big Graham's number is, take a look at the Numberphile video below.Read more »
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  • Why is Water Essential to Life?

    25 Jul 2014 | 12:30 pm
    Water has many chemical properties that make it essential to life Water’s importance to life begins with it’s chemical properties. Water (H2O) consists of one oxygen and two hydrogens bonded covalently, which means that the atoms all share electrons in a cloud around the molecule. But water is also a polar molecule. Polar molecules have a […] The post Why is Water Essential to Life? appeared first on Citewave.
  • What does a wave of scientific research look like?

    5 Jun 2014 | 5:48 pm
    What exactly does a “wave” of scientific research look like? To answer that question I’ve selected two research topics that do not have much in common other than they are both currently very active areas of research in their respective fields (climate science and theoretical physics). Ocean acidification is a complex process involving the global […] The post What does a wave of scientific research look like? appeared first on Citewave.
  • Two Years in Climate Change: The Decline of Global Warming and Rise of Soil Science

    3 Jun 2014 | 3:05 pm
    Climate change is back in the news with the recent release of the EPA’s proposal to reduce pollution associated with coal powerplants in the U.S. 30% by 2030. While this is only a proposal and might change, this ambitious plan signals a change in political thought on the issue of climate change. In order to […] The post Two Years in Climate Change: The Decline of Global Warming and Rise of Soil Science appeared first on Citewave.
  • A burst of new species or lag time in Pubmed?

    1 Jun 2014 | 10:02 pm
    Moving towards a scientific trends index, and taking into account the realizations of my previous post on the bias towards many of the highest ranking journals relating to medical science, I’ve expanded the beta version of my ranking algorithm to include all journals but limit rankings to a broad scientific category (e.g. biology, chemistry, physics, […] The post A burst of new species or lag time in Pubmed? appeared first on Citewave.
  • What goes in to a trends index? Impact factor, h-index, and journal categories.

    28 May 2014 | 11:49 pm
    One if the issues I noticed immediately when I began to construct a scientific trends index was that majority of the highest ranked journals were in some way associated with the medical field (see below). This is not to say that the subtopics within each of the journals are not unique, although there are several variations including “Medical” […] The post What goes in to a trends index? Impact factor, h-index, and journal categories. appeared first on Citewave.
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  • Could a blood test predict Alzheimer’s

    Rob Hutchinson
    21 Jul 2014 | 8:56 am
    A major breakthrough has been made in efforts to predict the onset of Alzheimer’s disease, with British scientists discovering a set of proteins that can predict the start of the disease with 87% accuracy. The research in the Alzheimer’s and Dementia Journal is being heralded as the first big development in the field for years, with much of the research since 2002 yielding no useful results. Alzheimer’s is rapidly becoming a problem at the forefront of the medical profession.With an aging population across the globe the number of sufferers is expected to increase dramatically, yet still…
  • Visit Places: Relieve and Revive Yourself!

    Stacy Eva
    18 Jul 2014 | 10:36 am
    “I don’t mind doing the Who tours when they come along but I want to get out there and play”, was said by John Entwistle, a renowned musician of English origin. A change in the daily routine Everyone wants to have a time of their life when any such trip is on the cards, be it with family or friends. The need to relax and enjoy the drunken stupor is inevitable, after a long as well as hectic schedule for over half a year. This not only gives the human anatomy, a change in the daily routine but, provides mental relief, which is hard to find these days. More than 50 million people…
  • Cosmic Accounting Reveals Missing Light Crisis

    Carnegie Institution for Science
    16 Jul 2014 | 9:36 am
    Pasadena, CA—Something is amiss in the Universe. There appears to be an enormous deficit of ultraviolet light in the cosmic budget. The vast reaches of empty space between galaxies are bridged by tendrils of hydrogen and helium, which can be used as a precise “light meter.” In a recent study published in The Astrophysical Journal Letters, a team of scientists finds that the light from known populations of galaxies and quasars is not nearly enough to explain observations of intergalactic hydrogen. The difference is a stunning 400 percent. “It’s as if you’re in a big,…
  • Defects in fatty acid transport proteins linked to schizophrenia and autism

    16 Jul 2014 | 9:30 am
    Using diverse methodologies, neuroscientists from the RIKEN Brain Science Institute report that defects in Fatty Acid Binding Proteins (FABPs) may help to explain the pathology in some cases of schizophrenia and autism spectrum disorders. After identifying mutations in FABPs from patients, the group led by Senior Team Leader Takeo Yoshikawa determined that the genetic disruption of Fabps in mice mimics disease behaviors seen in patients. This work suggests that disruption of FABPs could be a common link underlying some forms of these two prevalent mental disorders. Published in the…
  • Do artists have different brain structures?

    Rob Hutchinson
    7 Jul 2014 | 10:45 am
    It has been a long standing discussion whether men and women are wired differently. Recent research suggests that this is actually true, with men wired front to back in both hemispheres, with only some overlapping connections between the hemispheres, whilst women are connected between the left and right hemispheres. This would explain why generally men are better at learning and performing a single task, but tend to fail miserably at multi-tasking, with women being far better equipped to do more than one thing at once. With this proven, what other discussions regarding brain formations could…
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    Draw Science


    Viputheshwar Sitaraman
    28 Jul 2014 | 9:12 am
    Viputheshwar SitaramanFounder, BloggerDraw Science.Article: Huang, F., Wetzstein, G., Barsky, B., & Raskar, R. (2014). Eyeglasses-free display ACM Transactions on Graphics, 33 (4), 1-12 DOI: 10.1145/2601097.2601122 [Full Text (PDF)]Suggested By: Adithya Nott

    Viputheshwar Sitaraman
    20 Jul 2014 | 9:13 pm
    Viputheshwar SitaramanFounder, BloggerDraw Science.Article: Baird, J., Fox, B., Sanders, K., Lizotte, P., Cubillos-Ruiz, J., Scarlett, U., Rutkowski, M., Conejo-Garcia, J., Fiering, S., & Bzik, D. (2013). Avirulent Toxoplasma gondii Generates Therapeutic Antitumor Immunity by Reversing Immunosuppression in the Ovarian Cancer Microenvironment Cancer Research, 73 (13), 3842-3851 DOI: 10.1158/0008-5472.CAN-12-1974 [Full Text (PDF)]Suggested By: Adithya Nott

    Viputheshwar Sitaraman
    13 Jul 2014 | 4:21 am
    Viputheshwar SitaramanFounder, BloggerDraw Science.Articles:James F. Gillooly (2013). Hotter is Smarter: The temperature-dependence of brain size in vertebrates PeerJ : 10.7287/peerj.preprints.155v1 [Full Text (PDF)]Wright KP Jr, Hull JT, & Czeisler CA (2002). Relationship between alertness, performance, and body temperature in humans. American journal of physiology. Regulatory, integrative and comparative physiology, 283 (6) PMID: 12388468 [Full Text (PDF)]

    Viputheshwar Sitaraman
    9 Jul 2014 | 1:19 pm
    Viputheshwar SitaramanFounder, BloggerDraw Science.Article: Hobaiter C, & Byrne RW (2014). The Meanings of Chimpanzee Gestures. Current biology : CB PMID: 24998524

    Viputheshwar Sitaraman
    8 Jul 2014 | 7:31 am
    Viputheshwar SitaramanFounder, BloggerDraw Science.Article: Blazevic T, Schwaiberger AV, Schreiner CE, Schachner D, Schaible AM, Grojer CS, Atanasov AG, Werz O, Dirsch VM, & Heiss EH (2013). 12/15-lipoxygenase contributes to platelet-derived growth factor-induced activation of signal transducer and activator of transcription 3. The Journal of biological chemistry, 288 (49), 35592-603 PMID: 24165129 [Full Text (HTML)]Suggested By: Dr. Atanas G.
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    AweSci - Science Everyday

  • A Man-Made Leaf

    Anupum Pant
    29 Jul 2014 | 10:35 am
    By Anupum Pant Julian Melchiorri, a graduate student from Royal College of art, claims to have fabricated the first ever man-made biological leaf which absorbs water & carbon dioxide, just like a leaf does, and produces oxygen. It looks like a promising first step towards enabling longer distance space travel – in a way that the artificial leaf made by him could be used to supply oxygen in micro-gravity, in which terrestrial plants have a hard time growing. The artificial leaf he made for his project involves extracted chloroplasts from plant cells laid on a matrix of silk protein.
  • Lightning Trapped Forever in a Box

    Anupum Pant
    28 Jul 2014 | 10:35 am
    By Anupum Pant On a cloudy and stormy night (or almost all the time, in this part of Venezuela), dark clouds separate charges and are able to put together the right conditions to send off one of the nature’s most powerful forces from the heavens – lightning. The air break downs and a great amount of static charge gets transferred through the path of least resistance. And a bolt of bright light is seen for a fraction of a second. It lasts for a very little time. As it happens too quickly, the exact shape of a lightning bolt is difficult to see. However, a long time back, a German…
  • Coldest Spot in The Universe

    Anupum Pant
    27 Jul 2014 | 10:35 am
    By Anupum Pant Where do you think is the coldest spot in the universe. Like many would have guessed, somewhere in the deepest places in space, the temperature would be coldest than anything else. After all, space being so massive, the probability that happening is so high outside of Earth. Probably the Boomerang Nebula is the coldest. At least that is what Google says: At a positively frigid one Kelvin (that equates to –458 degrees Fahrenheit or –272 degrees Celsius), the Boomerang Nebula in the constellation Centaurus is officially the coldest known place in the entire Universe.
  • [Video] Your Body vs. The World

    Anupum Pant
    26 Jul 2014 | 10:35 am
    By Anupum Pant Like 9gag, sometimes BuzzFeed can be informative too. So, for the time I stay away for a weekend trip, here’s an interesting video I came across. Just for the record: The surface of your skin has more bacteria than there are people on Earth. The post [Video] Your Body vs. The World appeared first on AweSci - Science Everyday.
  • The Coldest Place on Earth

    Anupum Pant
    25 Jul 2014 | 10:35 am
    By Anupum Pant A couple of days back I wrote about the hottest place on earth. That made me think of how cold the coldest place would be. I was sure it’d be somewhere in one of the poles, but I wasn’t sure where exactly it was. This is what Google said: Aerial photograph of Vostok Station, the coldest directly observed location on Earth. The lowest natural temperature ever directly recorded at ground level on Earth is −89.2 °C (−128.6 °F; 184.0 K), at the Soviet Vostok Station in Antarctica, on July 21, 1983. After a little more digging, I found that his was the old record.
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  • Detection Of Pollutant Gases On Alien Worlds As Evidence For Intelligent Life

    29 Jul 2014 | 11:11 pm
    Scientists from Harvard’s Center for Astronomy have completed a theoretical study that suggests under the right conditions, existing optical technology is powerful enough to detect atmospheric pollution that would imply presence of intelligence on alien worlds. Current methods call for detecting methane or oxygen as a means to narrow the search for life on alien worlds because these gases are short-lived molecules in the atmosphere in the absence of replenishing sources (although such sources may be abiogenic so are not proof of life).  However these methods do not distinguish between…
  • Subjective Knowledge Causes Choice Overload And Makes Consumers Buy Less

    28 Jul 2014 | 10:31 pm
    According to a series of articles published in a journal belonging to the Association for Psychological Science, Psychological Science, the degree of subjective knowledge consumers self-report having about a certain product has deep effects on their decision to buy or not. Specifically, the lead author Dr. Liat Hadar says, the study revealed that there are differences in the optimal size of the choice set for selling to the people with high versus low subjective knowledge.  Those with high subjective knowledge should be presented with a small choice set, whereas those with low subjective…
  • Shrouded In Secrecy, British Autonomous Stealth Drone Taranis Takes 2nd Test Flight

    28 Jul 2014 | 9:38 am
    BAE Systems, a British defense company, announced that its highly secret, stealth drone named Taranis has just finished its second set of flight trials in late 2013 and early 2014.  The stealth drone was unveiled in 2010 in the U.K.. The project with a price tag of $316 million is being led by BAE Systems but includes subsidiary builders in both the U.K. and the U.S. such as General Electric.  The drone itself is 10 meters across, comparable to an F-16 at 9.96 m, but less than the F-14 at 20 m, and the F-18 at 14 m.  Inside it is outfitted with artificial intelligence software, an…
  • Nonablative Laser Light Increases Influenza Vaccine Response 4 to 7-fold

    27 Jul 2014 | 9:55 pm
    Influenza imposes a heavy annual public health burden, and lies historically at the heart of a number of global pandemics that killed tens of millions.  To overcome the challenges of manufacturing enough vaccines such that we may stave off the next epidemic, medical researchers are searching for ways to strengthen or extend the power of existing and stockpiled vaccines.  Now a team of scientists in Boston has just developed a new method of using laser light to stimulate and enhance the immune response to a vaccine by a remarkable 4 to 7-fold against disease agents. Such treatments that…
  • 5 Maverick Fusion Companies Backed By Venture Capitalists Or Public Money

    27 Jul 2014 | 7:24 pm
    Government Funding For Fusion Remains Robust The Department of Energy (DOE) runs the Fusion Energy Sciences program which manages much of fusion-related research in the U.S.  The budget in 2014 was set at approximately $500 million dollars, with a large fraction at $200-$225 million going into the ITER, or International Thermonuclear Experimental Reactor, being built by a global consortium which will be the basis of basic research and future reactor designs. But the DOE is not the only funding agency that contributes toward fusion research.  NASA, the DOD, DARPA, and individual national…
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    Institute of Hazard, Risk and Resilience Blog

  • Reputational risk in the UK financial sector

    Brett Cherry
    25 Jul 2014 | 7:50 am
    Institute of Hazard, Risk and Resilience Blog - Making a difference to how we live with hazard and risk. Reputation management is imperative to success for business professionals and in banking it is no different. Banks need a favourable reputation to build trust with customers in order to encourage them to deposit their money, take out mortgages or business loans, and purchase financial products. Like any other profession, bankers must manage their activities appropriately to avoid reputational risk. The image of bankers has been damaged since the banking crisis of 2007–08, although the…
  • Security and risk at Sport Mega Events

    Brett Cherry
    22 Jul 2014 | 6:55 am
    Institute of Hazard, Risk and Resilience Blog - Making a difference to how we live with hazard and risk. Findings on Sport Mega Events from two former IHRR researchers, Dr Francisco Klauser and Dr Richard Giulianotti, reveals that these are far more complex and dynamic than is normally realised. Their work shows the variety of public, government, and commercial interests involved in securing these kinds of events from potential risks such as terrorist attacks or riots. It also highlights the sophisticated level of security both in terms of policing and surveillance. This research was part of…
  • Environmental risks from Britain’s mining legacy

    22 Jul 2014 | 5:47 am
    Institute of Hazard, Risk and Resilience Blog - Making a difference to how we live with hazard and risk. Steven Kershaw explains the environmental risks left by coal mining in Britain and how they can be managed A ‘crown hole’ which opened by the side of a highway. Centuries of mining in Britain has left a legacy of abandoned underground mines that continues to represent a risk to public safety and environmental contamination that will exist for many centuries to come. The Coal Authority, founded in 1994 to look after the legacy of the coal industry, owns the estate of coal seams and…
  • Postgraduate scholarship for research in hazard and risk

    21 Jul 2014 | 2:14 am
    Institute of Hazard, Risk and Resilience Blog - Making a difference to how we live with hazard and risk. Applications are invited for the Christopher Moyes Memorial Foundation Scholarship to support a suitably qualified postgraduate student for a three year PhD programme of research in the Department of Geography at Durham University, UK. The scholarship is to support research of high academic quality that helps to build resilience to hazards and risks challenging human societies in the global south. One Christopher Moyes Memorial Foundation Scholarship is available for the academic year…
  • Climate change film Chasing Ice screened in Durham

    11 Jul 2014 | 9:45 am
    Institute of Hazard, Risk and Resilience Blog - Making a difference to how we live with hazard and risk. by David Saddington and Christopher Vos Chasing Ice screening at Durham City centre in Durham County, UK. Back-to-back events on Friday 13th June brought the issue of climate change into the heart of Durham City, UK. The Market Place was transformed into an outdoor cinema for the afternoon as students and members of the public packed into the square for two free screenings of the award winning climate change documentary Chasing Ice on the big screen. The film displayed astounding…
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    Pioneer Scientific

  • High Content Analysis – A Powerful Tool for Basic Research and Drug Discovery

    James Maliakal
    4 Jul 2014 | 11:46 am
    High content analysis (HCA) is a versatile tool used in basic research, primary screen for drug discovery efforts where the effect of certain drug compounds are tested on the cells, or target identification, and predicting clinical outcomes. High content analysis … read more
  • Revolutionary Transformation of HealthCare by a Small California Company – A Pioneer Scientific Customer

    James Maliakal
    27 Jun 2014 | 6:34 am
    Away from the limelight, press coverage and noise, a small California company has been hard at work in transforming the health care industry. Decades old established procedures and practices dominated by large national laboratories which are still in use today, … read more
  • Things You Need to Know About Cell Culture Part I

    James Maliakal
    18 Jun 2014 | 7:57 pm
    Cell culture involves isolation of cells from an animal, or plant and culturing in a dish in a favorable growth conditions for the cells. Cells can be isolated from a tissue including human normal or tumor origin by enzymatic digestion … read more
  • How to do Improve Assay Efficiency Using Index Multiwell Plates

    James Maliakal
    30 May 2014 | 12:23 pm
    Multiwell plates are a plastic tray with a cluster of wells typically, 24, 48, 96, 384 wells. Each well in the cluster are arranged in a rows and columns. Each well is used to add a number of items such … read more
  • Cell Based Assay New Developments: Part II

    James Maliakal
    20 May 2014 | 10:29 am
    Individualized medicine is one area there is new developments are happening.  During the last several years during drug discovery, drug candidates were screened or assays on generic cell lines for the ability to kill these cells, cell binding and any … read more
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  • Watch These Cocoa Farmers Try Chocolate For The First Time - Their Faces Just Light Up!

    Morgans Lists
    30 Jul 2014 | 7:38 am
    We often forget that some of the simplest pleasures, like a bar of chocolate, is not a treat that is universally enjoyed. The sad fact is that some of our everyday indulgences are to people in other parts of the world, an expensive and lavish extravagance. When you consider that cocoa farmers make only 1.25 in U.S. dollars a day, you realize that a bar of chocolate is about equal in cost to a day of their wages. So despite the fact that these men labor day after day for practically nothing, they have never even tasted the luxury that their own exertion produces. Watch as their faces light up…
  • 10 Examples of How Animals See - Images That Show Us The World Through Their Eyes

    Morgans Lists
    29 Jul 2014 | 11:11 am
    With only our own human perceptions to gauge reality, some of us don't realize that our version of reality is just a combination of measurements defined by the resolution of our senses. We are confined to our own perceptions and the version of reality we see or perceive, through the functions of our various organs, may actually be imperfect and is probably a very dim version of true reality. We cannot actually see through another life form's eyes, at least not yet, but through science we can make a close approximation. We can do this by studying how other animal's eyes are built and how they…
  • Animal Hybrids We Wish Were Real! - Hilariously Photoshopped Images

    Morgans Lists
    27 Jul 2014 | 4:42 pm
  • 20 Awesome Real Animal Hybrids - Collection of Amazing Photos

    Morgans Lists
    27 Jul 2014 | 12:29 pm
    Peacock and Turkey HybridA hybrid animal is two animals from different species, but from the same genus, that are cross-bred. The resulting animal will be called a hybrid. This does not occur very often in nature and instead they are usually bred in captivity, or in a lab, and most hybrid animals are sterile.#1 Narwhal + Beluga = NarlugaA Narwhal-beluga is a cross between the two Monodontidae species. Narwhal-belugaNarlugas are the offspring of beluga whales and narwhals. Though seen in the wild, there has not been one actually captured.#2 Cows + Bison = BeefaloBeefalo are a fertile…
  • 5 Cute Penguins Listed as Endangered

    Morgans Lists
    26 Jul 2014 | 2:21 pm
    Conservationists are struggling to protect the many penguin species that are getting closer to extinction each year, the main struggle penguins experience is climate change. While penguins are threatened by overfishing and ocean acidification, a petition, which was filed in 2006, named climate change as the primary challenge to their survival. Conservationists had hoped that the petition would force the Obama administration to confront climate change as a threat to ecology and biodiversity worldwide. (1) The number of extant penguin species is debated. Depending on which authority is…
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