• Most Topular Stories

  • Alzheimer’s Diagnostic Tests Inch Forward, but Treatments Are Still Lacking

    Scientific American
    27 Feb 2015 | 4:30 am
    Researchers are trying to develop ways to more quickly and accurately diagnose Alzheimer’s, which might lead to better treatments and understanding in the future -- Read more on
  • Revealing the Sequence and Resulting Cellular Morphology of Receptor-Ligand Interactions during Plasmodium falciparum Invasion of Erythrocytes

    PLOS Pathogens: New Articles
    Greta E. Weiss et al.
    27 Feb 2015 | 2:00 pm
    by Greta E. Weiss, Paul R. Gilson, Tana Taechalertpaisarn, Wai-Hong Tham, Nienke W. M. de Jong, Katherine L. Harvey, Freya J. I. Fowkes, Paul N. Barlow, Julian C. Rayner, Gavin J. Wright, Alan F. Cowman, Brendan S. Crabb During blood stage Plasmodium falciparum infection, merozoites invade uninfected erythrocytes via a complex, multistep process involving a series of distinct receptor-ligand binding events. Understanding each element in this process increases the potential to block the parasite’s life cycle via drugs or vaccines. To investigate specific receptor-ligand interactions, they…
  • De-Icing a Plane

    Midwest Labs Blog | Omaha, Nebraska
    Pohlman Brent
    25 Feb 2015 | 4:10 am
    Watch the process up close and see what is involved with de-icing a plane. It is such a critical job and one that is often taken for granted. As more ice and snow are on the way this week, see how one group of workers is dealing with the elements and taking charge to insure […]
  • How "Slurpee" Waves Formed Along a Nantucket Beach

    Science | Smithsonian
    27 Feb 2015 | 10:03 am
    New England's record cold created the perfect conditions for waves of slush, offering an unusual opportunity to ski on the beach
  • Mountain Devil Bigfoot Research

    The Bigfoot Field Reporter
    5 Feb 2015 | 6:01 pm
    I was invited by my friend Dax Rushlow to go Bigfoot hunting on snowmobiles in New Hampshire. I hadn’t had an adventure for awhile so I took him up on his offer. Let me tell you, when Dax says he knows where the Bigfoot are, you best believe him! I arrived at the airport late on Thursday and Dax was there to pick me up. We went back to his house where he had a nice bottle of wine waiting for me and his wife had bought some pizza for us. We chatted for awhile then crashed for the evening. We got up and out the next morning for our 4 hour drive up to the White Mountains. Driving up…
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  • Preventing 1 case of HIV could save $338,400

    Karen Walters-Cornell
    27 Feb 2015 | 12:13 pm
    Preventing just one person at high risk from contracting HIV could save from $229,800 to $338,400, depending on the continuity of treatment. Researchers projected the savings by estimating the lifetime medical costs of people both with and without HIV, assuming that the HIV-infection occurred at age 35. The findings will be used by fiscal planners and public health advocates as they evaluate current prevention programs and make decisions about resource allocation. One relatively new—and expensive—HIV prevention option is pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP), which is targeted at high-risk…
  • Bluebird moms can make competitive sons

    Daniel Stolte-Arizona
    27 Feb 2015 | 11:54 am
    Female bluebirds can produce more or less competitive sons by influencing the amounts of hormones in their eggs, say biologists. “Mothers are uniquely positioned to be a bridge between current environmental conditions and the traits of their offspring,” says Renée Duckworth, an assistant professor in the department of ecology and evolutionary biology in the University of Arizona College of Science. “This is one of those rare cases where we can see how these local behavioral interactions, which can be exceptionally variable, can lead to highly predictable ecological patterns…
  • How tiny wires trap a ‘tornado’

    Phil Sneiderman-JHU
    27 Feb 2015 | 11:40 am
    Wires only a billionth as thick as a human hair may help keep the “super” in superconductivity. Superconductors are materials that, at low temperatures, can carry electric current without the wasteful loss of energy caused by resistance. But this useful ability can be crippled or lost when electrons swirl into tiny tornado-like formations called vortices. Magnetic fields, such as those produced by electric motors, can cause these disruptive mini-twisters. Physicists have now figured out how to trap troublesome vortices within extremely short, ultra-thin nanowires, keeping…
  • Can alternating feast and famine boost health?

    Morgan Sherburne-Florida
    27 Feb 2015 | 9:43 am
    A recent clinical trial shows that a feast-or-famine diet may mimic some of the benefits of fasting. The findings also suggest that adding antioxidant supplements may counteract those benefits. Fasting has been shown in mice to extend lifespan and to improve age-related diseases. But fasting every day, which could entail skipping meals or simply reducing overall caloric intake, can be hard to maintain. “People don’t want to just under-eat for their whole lives,” says Martin Wegman, an MD-PhD student at the University of Florida College of Medicine and coauthor of the paper…
  • Should dentists test patients for diabetes?

    Christopher James-NYU
    27 Feb 2015 | 8:59 am
    Of the 29.1 million Americans living with diabetes, an estimated 8.1 million are undiagnosed. New research suggests a trip to the dentist could be an effective way to identify people who might diabetes and don’t know it. Published in the American Journal of Public Health, the study of 408 dental patients shows that using gingival crevicular blood (GCB) for hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) testing produces values that are nearly identical to those obtained using finger stick blood (FSB), with a 99 percent correlation between the two samples. An important first step Testing HbA1c is promoted by…
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    Science 2.0

  • The BBC Must Wake Up To New Media Realities

    The Conversation
    28 Feb 2015 | 8:11 pm
    Ariel between Wisdom and Gaiety. WikimediaMy advice to the BBC: ignore the House of Commons Culture, Media and Sport committee report on your future at your peril. read more
  • Storks Could Be Poisoned By Pesticides During Migration To Africa

    News Staff
    28 Feb 2015 | 6:10 pm
    Not all storks migrate to Africa, many spend the winter in the Iberian Peninsula, where landfills have become a permanent source of food. Scientists from Extremadura have analyzed the presence of pollutants and pesticides (some prohibited in Spain) in the blood of nestlings from three colonies, two of which are close to landfill sites, and the results reveal that the main source of contamination can be due to the use of insecticides still used in African countries where the birds migrate to, who transfer their contaminated load onto their offspring through their eggs. read more
  • Tagging Drugs To Stop Counterfeit Medicine

    News Staff
    28 Feb 2015 | 6:10 pm
    The U.S. and other countries are enacting rules to clamp down on the sales of fake pharmaceuticals, which pose a public health threat. But figuring out a system to track and authenticate legitimate drugs still faces significant obstacles, according to an article in Chemical & Engineering News (C&EN), the weekly newsmagazine of the American Chemical Society. read more
  • Good Sleep Keeps Your Stem Cells Young

    News Staff
    28 Feb 2015 | 2:29 pm
    Under normal conditions, many of the different types of tissue-specific adult stem cells, including hematopoietic stem cells, exist in a state or dormancy where they rarely divide and have very low energy demands. "Our theory was that this state of dormancy protected hematopoietic stem cells from DNA damage and therefore protects them from premature aging," says Dr. Michael Milsom, leader of the study. read more
  • Agriculture Expansion In Tanzania May Increase Plague Risk

    News Staff
    28 Feb 2015 | 2:29 pm
    The push to boost food production in East Africa that is accelerating the conversion of natural lands into croplands may be significantly increasing the risk of plague according to a new study in the American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene. read more
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  • Silent Spring master notes

    David Bradley
    27 Feb 2015 | 3:10 am
    I posted my song, The Silent Spring from critique on one of the songwriter forums and got a few listens and some nice positive comments, in particular with regard to the mastering I did…an area in which I’m really just a novice. But, here are a few notes about what I did, just for my own personal notekeeping to be honest, but others might find them interesting if they’ve listened to the song. I suppose I could share the pre-mastered version, but there’s little point suffice to say it sounds quite dull and lifeless tonally compared to the mastered version, which is…
  • The Silent Spring

    David Bradley
    26 Feb 2015 | 7:45 am
    A song of hope with an allusion to both the book of the eponymous title and recent revolutionary springs… The Silent Spring by Dave Bradley The Silent Spring They tell us history is a lesson to learn Too many times we ignore it They say the danger is a stranger to burn Through the seasons they implore it It doesn’t matter how near or how far The border lands we deplore them They feed us lies that just won’t settle the score Fail to see that we abhor them Across the desert a healing wind blows Now the promise of a silent spring Though lines were drawn and the borders were…
  • How to calculate wind chill

    David Bradley
    24 Feb 2015 | 1:18 am
    Wind-chill, windchill, wind chill factor, wind chill index is an estimate of how cold you will feel at a given air temperature when there is a wind blowing. It is a popular tool used by weather presenters to make you feel worse about going outside when it’s cold and windy! Seriously, if, for example, the reported air temperature (as measured by a thermometer housed in one of those white boxes with the grills, a Stevenson screen, or shelter) is -7 Celsius and the wind is blowing at a steady 8 km/h, then it will “feel” like it’s -11 Celsius. But why and how does one get…
  • Is it okay to kick a robot?

    David Bradley
    12 Feb 2015 | 6:34 am
    By now, you’ve probably seen the astounding quadruped robots that have been built and demonstrated by Boston Dynamics. These machines run like four-legged animals and don’t seem to mind when their human companions give them a kick…hold on…give them a kick? Is that really the best example to set impressionable people watching the videos? One could argue that it’s a machine, it doesn’t “mind” being kicked, if that demonstrates just how robust the software and servos are to disturbances in the forces around them. But, it is still quite a…
  • Follow me, follow them

    David Bradley
    5 Feb 2015 | 12:07 am
    Not quite in the words of the 1978 Genesis hit “Follow you, follow me”, I took a look at Twitter dashboard and found that there is a neat Top 9 (don’t ask) of twitter users who a lot of people who follow @sciencebase also follow @NASA · @NatGeo · @wiredscience · @TEDTalks · @Discovery · @ScienceNews · @neiltyson · @NatureNews · @guardianscience Follow me, follow them is a post from the science blog of science journalist, photographer and musician David Bradley Subscribe to our Email Newsletter
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    Newswise: SciNews

  • UTHealth's Belinda Reininger Recognized for Excellence in Public Health Practice

    University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston
    27 Feb 2015 | 1:05 pm
    Belinda Reininger, Dr.P.H., M.P.H., associate professor in the Department of Health Promotion & Behavioral Sciences at The University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston (UTHealth), has been honored with the Faculty Award for Excellence in Academic Public Health Practice.
  • Innovative, Lower Cost Sensors and Controls Yield Better Energy Efficiency

    Oak Ridge National Laboratory
    27 Feb 2015 | 11:05 am
    Buildings are responsible for about 40 percent of the energy consumed in the United States. Studies indicate that advanced sensors and controls have the potential to reduce the energy consumption of buildings by 20-30 percent.
  • WCS Statement on One-Year Ivory Ban in China

    Wildlife Conservation Society
    27 Feb 2015 | 11:05 am
    The following statement was released by WCS President and CEO Cristian Samper on China's announcement of a one-year ban on ivory imports.
  • Disease, Evolution, Neurology, and Drugs: Fruit Fly Research Continues to Teach Us About Human Biology

    Genetics Society of America
    27 Feb 2015 | 9:15 am
    Over 1,500 scientists from 30 countries and 46 states will attend next week's 56th Annual Drosophila Research Conference organized by the Genetics Society of America (GSA), March 4-8 in Chicago, IL. The conference will feature close to 1,000 presentations (including 170 talks) describing cutting-edge research on genetics, developmental biology, cancer, stem cells, neurology, epigenetics, genetic disease, aging, immunity, behavior, drug discovery, and technology. It is the largest meeting in the world that brings together researchers who use the fruit fly Drosophila melanogaster to study…
  • Protecting Food Crops From Soil Contaminants

    South Dakota State University
    27 Feb 2015 | 9:05 am
    Using natural soil components to trap pollutants will allow producers to control soil contaminants and reuse draining water while protecting their agricultural crops, according to Mohamed Elsayed, a Fulbright Postdoctoral Scholar at South Dakota State University's chemistry and biochemistry department. His research seeks to increase the ability of humic acid to adsorb, or trap pollutants, in combination with either of two clay minerals--kaolinite or montmorillonite.
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  • Scientists Are Wrong All the Time, and That’s Fantastic

    Marcus Woo
    27 Feb 2015 | 4:00 am
    On February 28, 1998, the eminent medical journal The Lancet published an observational study of 12 children: Ileal-lymphoid-nodular hyperplasia, non-specific colitis, and pervasive development disorder in children. It might not sound sexy, but once the media read beyond the title, into the study’s descriptions of how those nasty-sounding symptoms appeared just after the kids got vaccinated, the impact was clear: The measles-mumps-rubella […] The post Scientists Are Wrong All the Time, and That’s Fantastic appeared first on WIRED.
  • Absurd Creature of the Week: The Legless Amphibian That Eats Its Mother’s Skin

    Matt Simon
    27 Feb 2015 | 4:00 am
    Perhaps the most contentious title out there is “World’s Greatest Mom.” My mother probably thinks she is, but so too does her mother, and I think they could both make pretty strong cases. But the sacrifices that human moms make pale in comparison to what’s going on in nature. There’s a bug, for instance, whose […] The post Absurd Creature of the Week: The Legless Amphibian That Eats Its Mother’s Skin appeared first on WIRED.
  • The Science of Why No One Agrees on the Color of This Dress

    Adam Rogers
    26 Feb 2015 | 7:28 pm
    Not since Monica Lewinsky was a White House intern has one blue dress been the source of so much consternation. (And yes, it’s blue.) The fact that a single image could polarize the entire Internet into two aggressive camps is, let’s face it, just another Thursday. But for the past half-day, people across social media […] The post The Science of Why No One Agrees on the Color of This Dress appeared first on WIRED.
  • Good News! Kids Aren’t Dying as Much as They Used To

    Sarah Fallon
    26 Feb 2015 | 1:03 pm
    On a blog post at PLOS, the tropical disease expert Peter Hotez and postdoctoral fellow Jennifer Herricks take a run through the data on the biggest killers of children around the world in 2013, part of a new dataset from Global Burden of Disease study published in the January Lancet. The main one is malaria, […] The post Good News! Kids Aren’t Dying as Much as They Used To appeared first on WIRED.
  • Should Californians Resurrect a Plan to Pipe in Water From Alaska?

    Nick Stockton
    26 Feb 2015 | 6:00 am
    In 1991, Alaska's governor proposed building a pipeline to bring his state's water to drought-stricken California. 25 years later, the state is in a worse drought, and the idea is still crazy as hell. The post Should Californians Resurrect a Plan to Pipe in Water From Alaska? appeared first on WIRED.
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  • Be Awesome, from First Impression to Last, and More – Roger’s Picks

    Roger Dooley
    20 Feb 2015 | 9:47 am
    This weeks picks include the science of first impressions, how to be someone people want to talk to, when to use rounded prices, and lots more! The post Be Awesome, from First Impression to Last, and More – Roger’s Picks appeared first on Neuromarketing.
  • How To Set The Right Price Every Time

    Roger Dooley
    18 Feb 2015 | 10:26 am
    Exactly how to price products is a big challenge for marketers, but new research provides valuable direction in this complex decision-making process. It isn’t just “big picture” pricing, like establishing margins and an overall price point, that bedevils marketers. There [...] The post How To Set The Right Price Every Time appeared first on Neuromarketing.
  • Junk Science of Wine, Most Hated (But Effective) Ad, More – Roger’s Picks

    Roger Dooley
    6 Feb 2015 | 6:41 am
    Wine-tasting is proven to be junk science, and there's a marketing lesson for all products and companies. Also, my newest from Forbes, latest podcasts, etc. The post Junk Science of Wine, Most Hated (But Effective) Ad, More – Roger’s Picks appeared first on Neuromarketing.
  • Brainfluence Podcast – Episodes 31 to 40

    Roger Dooley
    29 Jan 2015 | 5:01 am
    Another couple of months and we’ve got ten more episodes of The Brainfluence Podcast with awesome guests like Paul Zak, Dan Pink, and Robin Dreeke, the FBI’s former top behaviorist! Here’s your chance to catch up on any you missed. [...] The post Brainfluence Podcast – Episodes 31 to 40 appeared first on Neuromarketing.
  • Here’s Why Smart Marketers Use A/B Testing

    Roger Dooley
    27 Jan 2015 | 7:19 am
    How often are websites designed using “best practices” or by trusting the experience of a seasoned expert? The answer is, “all too frequently.” In every speech I give, I offer practical advice on how to get better marketing results by [...] The post Here’s Why Smart Marketers Use A/B Testing appeared first on Neuromarketing.
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    Mind Hacks

  • Actually, still no good explanation of ‘that dress’

    28 Feb 2015 | 2:12 am
    The last time I almost went blind staring at “that dress” was thanks to Liz Hurley and on this occasion I find myself equally unsatisfied. I’ll spare you the introduction about the amazing blue/black or white/gold dress. But what’s left me rather disappointed are the numerous ‘science of the dress’ articles that have appeared everywhere and say they’ve explained the effect through colour constancy. Firstly, this doesn’t explain what we want to know – which is why people differ in their perceptions, and secondly, I don’t think colour…
  • Spike activity 28-02-2015

    28 Feb 2015 | 1:06 am
    Quick links from the past week in mind and brain news: Nautilus magazine has a good piece on behavioural economics and rethinking ‘nudges’. Although the rethink is really just another form of standard ‘nudge’. The biggest hedge fund in the world, the $165 billion Bridgewater, starts an AI team to help give it the edge on investments reports Bloomberg. Well, they couldn’t get much worse than humans. Gizmodo reports that a neuroscientist says he’ll do a head transplant ‘real soon now’. Hungover neuroscientist reads Gizmodo, thinks ‘I said…
  • The smart unconscious

    23 Feb 2015 | 12:27 am
    We feel that we are in control when our brains figure out puzzles or read words, says Tom Stafford, but a new experiment shows just how much work is going on underneath the surface of our conscious minds. It is a common misconception that we know our own minds. As I move around the world, walking and talking, I experience myself thinking thoughts. “What shall I have for lunch?”, I ask myself. Or I think, “I wonder why she did that?” and try and figure it out. It is natural to assume that this experience of myself is a complete report of my mind. It is natural, but…
  • Spike activity 20-02-2015

    22 Feb 2015 | 6:52 am
    Quick links from the past week in mind and brain news: Interesting social mapping using subway journey data from Beijing reproted in New Scientist. BPS Research Digest has compiled a comprehensive list of mind, brain and behaviour podcasts. That study finding a surge of p values just below 0.05 in psychology, probably not a sign of bad science, reports Daniel Lakens with a new analysis. The Toronto Star reports that psychologists terminated a study on implanting false crime memories early due to over-effectiveness. Why do mirrors seem to reverse left and right but not up or down? Clear…
  • Anti-vax: wrong but not irrational

    19 Feb 2015 | 8:40 am
    Since the uptick in outbreaks of measles in the US, those arguing for the right not to vaccinate their children have come under increasing scrutiny. There is no journal of “anti-vax psychology” reporting research on those who advocate what seems like a controversial, “anti-science” and dangerous position, but if there was we can take a good guess at what the research reported therein would say. Look at other groups who hold beliefs at odds with conventional scientific thought. Climate sceptics for example. You might think that climate sceptics would be likely to be more ignorant of…
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  • Lents: Caius and Christ’s [Stoat]

    William M. Connolley
    28 Feb 2015 | 2:16 pm
    Alas, I missed Caius retaking the Men’s headship on Thursday, mostly because I didn’t think it would happen (they were nowhere on Wednesday) but partly because I was bag-carrying for King’s, who rewarded me with an exciting bump on (LoL)Catz and ensuing chaos; and on Christ’s on Friday. But I did see Christ’s take the Women’s headship from Emma, somewhat to my surprise, though Kate says they listen to her. Anyway, here it is: (it doesn’t happen till 4:40, do feel free to skip ahead).
  • Leonard Nimoy Has Died [EvolutionBlog]

    28 Feb 2015 | 12:56 pm
    Sad news: Leonard Nimoy, the sonorous, gaunt-faced actor who won a worshipful global following as Mr. Spock, the resolutely logical human-alien first officer of the Starship Enterprise in the television and movie juggernaut “Star Trek,” died on Friday morning at his home in the Bel Air section of Los Angeles. He was 83. His wife, Susan Bay Nimoy, confirmed his death, saying the cause was end-stage chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. Leonard Nimoy has the distinction of having starred in two of the greatest television series ever. Let us recall that he went straight from Star Trek to…
  • Comments of the Week #50: From hot and dense to co-orbiting rocks [Starts With A Bang]

    28 Feb 2015 | 6:58 am
    “True happiness comes from the joy of deeds well done, the zest of creating things new.” -Antoine de Saint-Exupery Every week holds an amazing look at the Universe in a unique way here at Starts With A Bang, and this week saw not only a series of new posts from me, but two contributed ones, including the debut of the fabulous Jillian Scudder of Astroquizzical. If you missed anything, here’s a look back at what we’ve covered: The very early Universe (for Ask Ethan), Bubbles on ice (for our Weekend Diversion), Crater chains of the Moon (for Mostly Mute Monday), What…
  • February Pieces Of My Mind #2 [Aardvarchaeology]

    Martin R
    28 Feb 2015 | 5:21 am
    I thought my pet was a meerkat, but it was in fact a mere cat. Movie: Wild Tales. A collection of unconnected short wry films about revenge. Grade: pass. Eagle-eyed Roger Wikell found something that looked like a duplicate entry in my database. A flanged axe found at Vappeby hamlet by someone named Winberg, and a flat axe found at Väppeby hamlet by someone named Vinberg. Turns out they are different axes found by different people, one at Vappeby in Torstuna parish and one at Väppeby in Kalmar parish. Phew! Reading Stanislaw Lem’s 1959 novel Eden. His big point is that aliens, their…
  • Friday Cephalopod: Cephalove [Pharyngula]

    PZ Myers
    27 Feb 2015 | 3:53 pm
    Now you can learn everything you need to know about octopus sex. It’s a bit tangly: But just in case you got lost in all the tentacles, here’s a diagram to help you out. By the way, in case you’ve ever wondered where an octopus keeps its nads, they’re maybe not where you expected. There should be a warning sign here, though. In one instance, she and her colleagues observed two day octopuses mating on a reef in Indonesia. After about 15 minutes of copulation, the female lunged and wrapped two arms around the male’s bulbous body, his mantle. A few minutes later,…
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  • One Man's Race To Outrun Alzheimer's

    Rebecca Hersher
    28 Feb 2015 | 1:56 pm
    Cape Cod journalist Greg O'Brien has always found solace in running, and a diagnosis of Alzheimer's hasn't stopped him. But making it work — for himself and his family — isn't always easy.» E-Mail This
  • Researchers Examine The Ways Of Southern Coyotes

    Grant Blankenship
    28 Feb 2015 | 5:01 am
    The number of coyotes in the Deep South is growing, but biologists know relatively little about their habits across the south and how they are diverging from their cousins out west.» E-Mail This
  • Can You Dig It? More Evidence Suggests Humans From The Ice Age

    Greg Allen
    28 Feb 2015 | 1:43 am
    Initially dismissed as a hoax a century ago, scientists have found evidence in Florida of humans living 14,000 years ago. If the findings hold up, they will help rewrite the history of early man.» E-Mail This
  • A Neuroscientist Weighs In: Why Do We Disagree On The Color Of The Dress?

    27 Feb 2015 | 1:42 pm
    Robert Siegel speaks with Dr. Bevil Conway, a neuroscientist at Wellesley College, about the dress that has the whole Internet asking: What color is it?» E-Mail This
  • U.S. Biologists Keen To Explore, Help Protect Cuba's Wild Places

    Christopher Joyce
    27 Feb 2015 | 9:11 am
    Birders especially know that Cuba harbors hundreds of rarely seen, little-studied species. As the island nation opens to more U.S. visitors, scientists hope "green Cuba" can survive increased tourism.» E-Mail This
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    EE Times

  • Transactors -- Expanding the Role of FPGA-Based Prototypes

    27 Feb 2015 | 2:30 pm
    FPGA-based prototypes offer unbeatable flexibility, capacity, and speed. Extending their functionality through the use of a transactor interface opens up tremendous possibilities to designers.
  • Awesome 3D Electronic Sculptures

    Max Maxfield
    27 Feb 2015 | 10:35 am
    These little beauties are created using thousands of discrete components (LEDs, transistors, resistors) wired directly together without a PCB.
  • Graphene Polymer Speeds Electron Transport

    R. Colin Johnson
    27 Feb 2015 | 7:30 am
    Depositing conducting polymers on graphene gives then highly desirable electrical properties, flexibility and strength for future flexible electronics, organic solar cells, protective coatings and other practical applications.
  • Vision Explosion Requires Mobile Architecture Rethink

    27 Feb 2015 | 6:50 am
    CEVA's Eran Briman examines the explosion in vision processing and why it requires a rethink of mobile and embedded processing architectures if the future 'connected vision' paradigm is to be fully realized.
  • ECC Brings Reliability and Power Efficiency to Mobile Devices

    27 Feb 2015 | 6:00 am
    Error correcting code increases memory density and bandwidth while maintaining power neutrality and reliability. Here's a detailed look at why that's the case.
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    PLOS Biology: New Articles

  • Cofilin1 Controls Transcolumnar Plasticity in Dendritic Spines in Adult Barrel Cortex

    Tadashi Tsubota et al.
    27 Feb 2015 | 2:00 pm
    by Tadashi Tsubota, Reiko Okubo-Suzuki, Yohei Ohashi, Keita Tamura, Koshin Ogata, Masae Yaguchi, Makoto Matsuyama, Kaoru Inokuchi, Yasushi Miyashita During sensory deprivation, the barrel cortex undergoes expansion of a functional column representing spared inputs (spared column), into the neighboring deprived columns (representing deprived inputs) which are in turn shrunk. As a result, the neurons in a deprived column simultaneously increase and decrease their responses to spared and deprived inputs, respectively. Previous studies revealed that dendritic spines are remodeled during this…
  • PLOS Biology 2014 Reviewer Thank You

    27 Feb 2015 | 2:00 pm
  • Correction: Amassing Efforts against Alien Invasive Species in Europe

    26 Feb 2015 | 2:00 pm
    by The PLOS Biology Staff
  • The DEAH-box Helicase Dhr1 Dissociates U3 from the Pre-rRNA to Promote Formation of the Central Pseudoknot

    Richa Sardana et al.
    24 Feb 2015 | 2:00 pm
    by Richa Sardana, Xin Liu, Sander Granneman, Jieyi Zhu, Michael Gill, Ophelia Papoulas, Edward M. Marcotte, David Tollervey, Carl C. Correll, Arlen W. Johnson In eukaryotes, the highly conserved U3 small nucleolar RNA (snoRNA) base-pairs to multiple sites in the pre-ribosomal RNA (pre-rRNA) to promote early cleavage and folding events. Binding of the U3 box A region to the pre-rRNA is mutually exclusive with folding of the central pseudoknot (CPK), a universally conserved rRNA structure of the small ribosomal subunit essential for protein synthesis. Here, we report that the DEAH-box helicase…
  • PROTEIN TARGETING TO STARCH Is Required for Localising GRANULE-BOUND STARCH SYNTHASE to Starch Granules and for Normal Amylose Synthesis in Arabidopsis

    David Seung et al.
    24 Feb 2015 | 2:00 pm
    by David Seung, Sebastian Soyk, Mario Coiro, Benjamin A. Maier, Simona Eicke, Samuel C. Zeeman The domestication of starch crops underpinned the development of human civilisation, yet we still do not fully understand how plants make starch. Starch is composed of glucose polymers that are branched (amylopectin) or linear (amylose). The amount of amylose strongly influences the physico-chemical behaviour of starchy foods during cooking and of starch mixtures in non-food manufacturing processes. The GRANULE-BOUND STARCH SYNTHASE (GBSS) is the glucosyltransferase specifically responsible for…
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    PLOS Computational Biology: New Articles

  • A Human Platelet Calcium Calculator Trained by Pairwise Agonist Scanning

    Mei Yan Lee et al.
    27 Feb 2015 | 2:00 pm
    by Mei Yan Lee, Scott L. Diamond Since platelet intracellular calcium mobilization [Ca(t)]i controls granule release, cyclooxygenase-1 and integrin activation, and phosphatidylserine exposure, blood clotting simulations require prediction of platelet [Ca(t)]i in response to combinatorial agonists. Pairwise Agonist Scanning (PAS) deployed all single and pairwise combinations of six agonists (ADP, convulxin, thrombin, U46619, iloprost and GSNO used at 0.1, 1, and 10xEC50; 154 conditions including a null condition) to stimulate platelet P2Y1/P2Y12 GPVI, PAR1/PAR4, TP, IP receptors, and guanylate…
  • Cyclin and DNA Distributed Cell Cycle Model for GS-NS0 Cells

    David G. García Münzer et al.
    27 Feb 2015 | 2:00 pm
    by David G. García Münzer, Margaritis Kostoglou, Michael C. Georgiadis, Efstratios N. Pistikopoulos, Athanasios Mantalaris Mammalian cell cultures are intrinsically heterogeneous at different scales (molecular to bioreactor). The cell cycle is at the centre of capturing heterogeneity since it plays a critical role in the growth, death, and productivity of mammalian cell cultures. Current cell cycle models use biological variables (mass/volume/age) that are non-mechanistic, and difficult to experimentally determine, to describe cell cycle transition and capture culture heterogeneity. To…
  • Protein Complexes in Bacteria

    J. Harry Caufield et al.
    27 Feb 2015 | 2:00 pm
    by J. Harry Caufield, Marco Abreu, Christopher Wimble, Peter Uetz Large-scale analyses of protein complexes have recently become available for Escherichia coli and Mycoplasma pneumoniae, yielding 443 and 116 heteromultimeric soluble protein complexes, respectively. We have coupled the results of these mass spectrometry-characterized protein complexes with the 285 “gold standard” protein complexes identified by EcoCyc. A comparison with databases of gene orthology, conservation, and essentiality identified proteins conserved or lost in complexes of other species. For instance, of 285…
  • An Integrated Approach to Reconstructing Genome-Scale Transcriptional Regulatory Networks

    Saheed Imam et al.
    27 Feb 2015 | 2:00 pm
    by Saheed Imam, Daniel R. Noguera, Timothy J. Donohue Transcriptional regulatory networks (TRNs) program cells to dynamically alter their gene expression in response to changing internal or environmental conditions. In this study, we develop a novel workflow for generating large-scale TRN models that integrates comparative genomics data, global gene expression analyses, and intrinsic properties of transcription factors (TFs). An assessment of this workflow using benchmark datasets for the well-studied γ-proteobacterium Escherichia coli showed that it outperforms expression-based inference…
  • Protein Sectors: Statistical Coupling Analysis versus Conservation

    Tiberiu Teşileanu et al.
    27 Feb 2015 | 2:00 pm
    by Tiberiu Teşileanu, Lucy J. Colwell, Stanislas Leibler Statistical coupling analysis (SCA) is a method for analyzing multiple sequence alignments that was used to identify groups of coevolving residues termed “sectors”. The method applies spectral analysis to a matrix obtained by combining correlation information with sequence conservation. It has been asserted that the protein sectors identified by SCA are functionally significant, with different sectors controlling different biochemical properties of the protein. Here we reconsider the available experimental data and note that it…
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    PLOS Genetics: New Articles

  • Prodomain Removal Enables Neto to Stabilize Glutamate Receptors at the Drosophila Neuromuscular Junction

    Young-Jun Kim et al.
    27 Feb 2015 | 2:00 pm
    by Young-Jun Kim, Oghomwen Igiesuorobo, Cathy I. Ramos, Hong Bao, Bing Zhang, Mihaela Serpe Stabilization of neurotransmitter receptors at postsynaptic specializations is a key step in the assembly of functional synapses. Drosophila Neto (Neuropillin and Tolloid-like protein) is an essential auxiliary subunit of ionotropic glutamate receptor (iGluR) complexes required for the iGluRs clustering at the neuromuscular junction (NMJ). Here we show that optimal levels of Neto are crucial for stabilization of iGluRs at synaptic sites and proper NMJ development. Genetic manipulations of Neto levels…
  • PLOS Genetics 2014 Reviewer Thank You

    27 Feb 2015 | 2:00 pm
  • Proteotoxic Stress Induces Phosphorylation of p62/SQSTM1 by ULK1 to Regulate Selective Autophagic Clearance of Protein Aggregates

    Junghyun Lim et al.
    27 Feb 2015 | 2:00 pm
    by Junghyun Lim, M. Lenard Lachenmayer, Shuai Wu, Wenchao Liu, Mondira Kundu, Rong Wang, Masaaki Komatsu, Young J. Oh, Yanxiang Zhao, Zhenyu Yue Disruption of proteostasis, or protein homeostasis, is often associated with aberrant accumulation of misfolded proteins or protein aggregates. Autophagy offers protection to cells by removing toxic protein aggregates and injured organelles in response to proteotoxic stress. However, the exact mechanism whereby autophagy recognizes and degrades misfolded or aggregated proteins has yet to be elucidated. Mounting evidence demonstrates the selectivity…
  • Drosophila Casein Kinase I Alpha Regulates Homolog Pairing and Genome Organization by Modulating Condensin II Subunit Cap-H2 Levels

    Huy Q. Nguyen et al.
    27 Feb 2015 | 2:00 pm
    by Huy Q. Nguyen, Jonathan Nye, Daniel W. Buster, Joseph E. Klebba, Gregory C. Rogers, Giovanni Bosco The spatial organization of chromosomes within interphase nuclei is important for gene expression and epigenetic inheritance. Although the extent of physical interaction between chromosomes and their degree of compaction varies during development and between different cell-types, it is unclear how regulation of chromosome interactions and compaction relate to spatial organization of genomes. Drosophila is an excellent model system for studying chromosomal interactions including homolog…
  • Region-Specific Activation of oskar mRNA Translation by Inhibition of Bruno-Mediated Repression

    Goheun Kim et al.
    27 Feb 2015 | 2:00 pm
    by Goheun Kim, Chin-I Pai, Keiji Sato, Maria D. Person, Akira Nakamura, Paul M. Macdonald A complex program of translational repression, mRNA localization, and translational activation ensures that Oskar (Osk) protein accumulates only at the posterior pole of the Drosophila oocyte. Inappropriate expression of Osk disrupts embryonic axial patterning, and is lethal. A key factor in translational repression is Bruno (Bru), which binds to regulatory elements in the osk mRNA 3′ UTR. After posterior localization of osk mRNA, repression by Bru must be alleviated. Here we describe an in vivo assay…
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    PLOS ONE Alerts: New Articles

  • Impaired Postural Control in Healthy Men at Moderate Altitude (1630 M and 2590 M): Data from a Randomized Trial

    Katrin Stadelmann et al.
    27 Feb 2015 | 2:00 pm
    by Katrin Stadelmann, Tsogyal D. Latshang, Christian M. Lo Cascio, Ross A. Clark, Reto Huber, Malcolm Kohler, Peter Achermann, Konrad E. Bloch Objectives Intact postural control is essential for safe performance of mountain sports, operation of machinery at altitude, and for piloting airplanes. We tested whether exposure to hypobaric hypoxia at moderate altitude impairs the static postural control of healthy subjects. Methods In 51 healthy men, median age 24 y (quartiles 20;28), static control was evaluated on a balance platform in Zurich, 490 m, and during a 4-day sojourn in Swiss mountain…
  • Description and Utilization of the United States Department of Defense Serum Repository: A Review of Published Studies, 1985-2012

    Christopher L. Perdue et al.
    27 Feb 2015 | 2:00 pm
    by Christopher L. Perdue, Angelia A. Eick Cost, Mark V. Rubertone, Luther E. Lindler, Sharon L. Ludwig Specimens in the United States Department of Defense (DoD) Serum Repository have accumulated in frozen storage since 1985 when the DoD began universal screening for human immunodeficiency virus. Use of the stored serum for health research has been carefully controlled, but the resulting publications have never been systematically identified or described. The Armed Forces Health Surveillance Center (AFHSC) information systems and open (online) sites were used as data sources. Through 2012,…
  • The Effects of Knockdown of Rho-Associated Kinase 1 and Zipper-Interacting Protein Kinase on Gene Expression and Function in Cultured Human Arterial Smooth Muscle Cells

    Jing-Ti Deng et al.
    27 Feb 2015 | 2:00 pm
    by Jing-Ti Deng, Xiu-Ling Wang, Yong-Xiang Chen, Edward R. O’Brien, Yu Gui, Michael P. Walsh Rho-associated kinase (ROCK) and zipper-interacting protein kinase (ZIPK) have been implicated in diverse physiological functions. ROCK1 phosphorylates and activates ZIPK suggesting that at least some of these physiological functions may require both enzymes. To test the hypothesis that sequential activation of ROCK1 and ZIPK is commonly involved in regulatory pathways, we utilized siRNA to knock down ROCK1 and ZIPK in cultured human arterial smooth muscle cells (SMC). Microarray analysis using a…
  • In-Vivo Assessment of Femoral Bone Strength Using Finite Element Analysis (FEA) Based on Routine MDCT Imaging: A Preliminary Study on Patients with Vertebral Fractures

    Hans Liebl et al.
    27 Feb 2015 | 2:00 pm
    by Hans Liebl, Eduardo Grande Garcia, Fabian Holzner, Peter B. Noel, Rainer Burgkart, Ernst J. Rummeny, Thomas Baum, Jan S. Bauer Purpose To experimentally validate a non-linear finite element analysis (FEA) modeling approach assessing in-vitro fracture risk at the proximal femur and to transfer the method to standard in-vivo multi-detector computed tomography (MDCT) data of the hip aiming to predict additional hip fracture risk in subjects with and without osteoporosis associated vertebral fractures using bone mineral density (BMD) measurements as gold standard. Methods One fresh-frozen…
  • The Adjuvant Effects of High-Molecule-Weight Polysaccharides Purified from Antrodia cinnamomea on Dendritic Cell Function and DNA Vaccines

    Chi-Chen Lin et al.
    27 Feb 2015 | 2:00 pm
    by Chi-Chen Lin, I-Hong Pan, Yi-Rong Li, Yi-Gen Pan, Ming-Kuem Lin, Yi-Huang Lu, Hsin-Chieh Wu, Ching-Liang Chu The biological activity of the edible basidiomycete Antrodia cinnamomea (AC) has been studied extensively. Many effects, such as anti-cancer, anti-inflammatory, and antioxidant activities, have been reported from either crude extracts or compounds isolated from AC. However, research addressing the function of AC in enhancing immunity is rare. The aim of the present study is to investigate the active components and the mechanism involved in the immunostimulatory effect of AC. We…
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    PLOS Neglected Tropical Diseases: New Articles

  • Sm29, but Not Sm22.6 Retains its Ability to Induce a Protective Immune Response in Mice Previously Exposed to a Schistosoma mansoni Infection

    Clarice Carvalho Alves et al.
    27 Feb 2015 | 2:00 pm
    by Clarice Carvalho Alves, Neusa Araujo, Viviane Cristina Fernandes dos Santos, Flávia Bubula Couto, Natan R. G. Assis, Suellen B. Morais, Sérgio Costa Oliveira, Cristina Toscano Fonseca Background A vaccine against schistosomiasis would have a great impact in disease elimination. Sm29 and Sm22.6 are two parasite tegument proteins which represent promising antigens to compose a vaccine. These antigens have been associated with resistance to infection and reinfection in individuals living in endemic area for the disease and induced partial protection when evaluated in immunization trials…
  • PLOS Neglected Tropical Diseases 2014 Reviewer Thank You

    27 Feb 2015 | 2:00 pm
  • Inter-epidemic Acquisition of Rift Valley Fever Virus in Humans in Tanzania

    Robert David Sumaye et al.
    27 Feb 2015 | 2:00 pm
    by Robert David Sumaye, Emmanuel Nji Abatih, Etienne Thiry, Mbaraka Amuri, Dirk Berkvens, Eveline Geubbels Background In East Africa, epidemics of Rift Valley fever (RVF) occur in cycles of 5–15 years following unusually high rainfall. RVF transmission during inter-epidemic periods (IEP) generally passes undetected in absence of surveillance in mammalian hosts and vectors. We studied IEP transmission of RVF and evaluated the demographic, behavioural, occupational and spatial determinants of past RVF infection. Methodology Between March and August 2012 we collected blood samples, and…
  • Follow-up of an Asymptomatic Chagas Disease Population of Children after Treatment with Nifurtimox (Lampit) in a Sylvatic Endemic Transmission Area of Colombia

    Fiorella Bianchi et al.
    27 Feb 2015 | 2:00 pm
    by Fiorella Bianchi, Zulma Cucunubá, Felipe Guhl, Nadia Lorena González, Hector Freilij, Rubén Santiago Nicholls, Juan David Ramírez, Marleny Montilla, Astrid Carolina Flórez, Fernando Rosas, Victor Saavedra, Nubia Silva Background Chagas disease is an anthropozoonosis caused by Trypanosoma cruzi. Two drugs are currently used for the etiological treatment of the disease: Nifurtimox (Lampit) and Benznidazole. This study presents a quasi-experimental trial (non-control group) of sixty-two patients who were treated for Chagas disease with Nifurtimox (Lampit), and were then followed for 30…
  • Health Economic Evaluations of Visceral Leishmaniasis Treatments: A Systematic Review

    Daniel S. Marinho et al.
    27 Feb 2015 | 2:00 pm
    by Daniel S. Marinho, Carmen N. P. R. Casas, Claudia C. de A. Pereira, Iuri C. Leite Objective The main objective of this study was to identify, describe, classify and analyze the scientific health economic evidence of VL-related technologies. Methods A web search of combinations of free text and Mesh terms related to the economic evaluation of visceral leishmaniasis was conducted on scientific publication databases (Web of Science, Scopus, Medline via the Pubmed and Lilacs). A manual search of references lists of articles previously identified by the authors was also included. Articles…
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  • NASA resolves issue with spacesuit helmet water leak

    27 Feb 2015 | 11:01 am
    CAPE CANAVERAL, Fla. (Reuters) - Water that leaked into an astronaut’s helmet after a spacewalk on Wednesday poses no threat, clearing the way for another outing to rig the International Space Station for new space taxis, NASA said on Friday.
  • Monsanto says GM corn trial in final stage in India

    27 Feb 2015 | 7:44 am
    NEW DELHI (Reuters) - Monsanto's Indian subsidiary expects to submit final trial results for its genetically modified (GM) corn to lawmakers within a year for the government to then decide on a commercial launch, the company's country head said on Friday.
  • U.S. rocket launch pad repair set to halt in funding spat

    26 Feb 2015 | 3:28 pm
    CAPE CANAVERAL, Fla (Reuters) - Work to repair a Virginia-owned launch pad damaged by an Orbital ATK rocket explosion is about to halt amid a debate about who should pick up the bill, according to officials in the dispute.
  • Stone Age Britons imported wheat in shock sign of sophistication

    26 Feb 2015 | 11:04 am
    OSLO (Reuters) - Stone Age Britons imported wheat about 8,000 years ago in a surprising sign of sophistication for primitive hunter-gatherers long viewed as isolated from European agriculture, a study showed on Thursday.
  • Playing physics: Student builds Lego Large Hadron Collider

    26 Feb 2015 | 7:32 am
    LONDON (Reuters) - A particle physics student has used his downtime to build a Lego model of the world's most powerful particle accelerator, the Large Hadron Collider (LHC), and is now lobbying the toy company to take it to market.
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    Dave Bradley's Tech Talk

  • When I die and they lay me to rest…

    David Bradley
    13 Feb 2015 | 12:45 am
    “When I die and they lay me to rest, gonna find a friend in Facebook” — to paraphrase Norman Greenbaum’s classic 70s hit Spirit in the Sky. Apparently, the social media site is taking care of your online after life, now letting you choose (before you go) who your legacy contact should be. It’s definitely worth assigning an post mortem contact for your page sooner rather than too later, because under certain jurisdictions accounts are legally bound to be frozen in the event of your summary departure. Before you tune up to meet the choir invisible, before you cease…
  • The energy costs of ICT

    David Bradley
    11 Feb 2015 | 9:32 am
    Seven new ethical pillars of the information and communications technology (ICT) sphere that emerge from research published in IJIIM this month might also apply to any organisatio and to us as individuals: 1 Companies can ill-afford to ignore the adverse environmental impact of their energy use 2 Businesses must have a social conscience 3 Long-term sustainability and the needs of future generations must be kept in mind 4 Phrases such as “Clean Energy” and “Environmentally Friendly” must be more than marketing slogans 5 For true sustainability the divisions between…
  • Origin of the word holocaust

    David Bradley
    27 Jan 2015 | 7:39 am
    It is Holocaust Memorial Day – 27th January. 70 years since the Soviet liberation of the Nazi concentration camp Auschwitz-Birkenau. The word “holocaust” has become synonymous with the genocide of millions under the Third Reich. The etymology of the word itself is interesting. From In the mid-13th Century, holocaust meant to “sacrifice by fire”, it was a “burnt offering”. The word coming from the Greek holokauston “a thing wholly burnt,” in turn from holos meaning the “whole” and kaustos, the adjectival form of…
  • How strong does a password need to be?

    David Bradley
    23 Jan 2015 | 11:19 am
    We are forever bombarded with advice on how to make strong passwords, there are endless schemes. The crackers and hackers know about all of these schemes. They have huge lists of leaked passwords, alphanumeric combinations of various sorts and certainly all the words in all the dictionaries. Today, our local law enforcers sent out some friendly advice on avoiding ID theft and stuff and they suggested using number substitions for your p455w0rd5…they think crackers and hackers don’t know about l33t? They are the l33t! Too easy. Now, password strength can be about complexity.
  • A Swiss bank account for your email

    David Bradley
    20 Jan 2015 | 6:27 am
    ProtonMail was created in response to the 2013 disclosure of global surveillance and interception of email by the NSA, GCHQ etc by Edward Snowden. Think of it like a Swiss bank account but for your email. It’s free, web-based and encrypted client side (you need two passwords, one to access the system and one to encrypt your email on your computer before it is sent via the service, unlike GMail, Hotmail etc) It was created in 2013 at the CERN (home of the World Wide Web) and its servers are in Switzerland so beyond US, UK and EU jurisdiction. It was initially crowdfunded and finally I a…
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  • Spreadsheets for life

    Nathan Yau
    27 Feb 2015 | 8:13 am
    Planet Money goes back to a 1984 article by Steven Levy that discusses this new thing called a spreadsheet. It was taking the place of the paper version that accountants manually edited, added to, and taped together. From the original article, a fine use of quotation marks: All this powerful scenario-testing machinery right there on the desktop induces some people to experiment with elaborate models. They talk of "playing" with the numbers, "massaging" the model. Computer "hackers" lose themselves in the intricacies of programming; spreadsheet hackers lose themselves in the world of what-if.
  • Texas hold ‘em win probabilities

    Nathan Yau
    27 Feb 2015 | 3:36 am
    Software engineer Chris Beaumont visualized the strength of opponent hands in Texas hold 'em, given any other hand. This is based on counting about 1.3 trillion possible combinations. Simply enter a card combination, and the grid shows the win-loss percentage differences for all possible opponent hands. Each card value (e.g. 2 or a King) pair is represented as a four by four grid to show each suit (e.g. heart or spade). The above is the strengths of an opponent's hand given you have a four of hearts and a queen of spades. Red indicates higher chances of you losing and blue indicates higher…
  • Gambler’s perspective on sports team win probabilities

    Nathan Yau
    26 Feb 2015 | 9:12 am
    Michael Beuoy's win probability model plotted on FiveThirtyEight starts all NBA teams at a 50% chance of winning. Then the probability of winning a game increases and decreases from there. However, practically speaking, we know something about the teams before each game, and we don't give even chances to the worst and best team at the zero-minute mark. So Todd Schneider took a different approach to minute-by-minute win probability — from a gambling perspective. Each line in the time series starts closer to the end probability as gamblers wager based on what they think the final outcome…
  • Every NBA team’s chances of winning, by game minute

    Nathan Yau
    26 Feb 2015 | 3:33 am
    Michael Beuoy made a win probability model for NBA teams and games, based on play-by-play data from 2000 to 2012. The basic calculator lets you punch in the game state, such as time left and the score difference, and it spits out the probability of a win. Or, for a team-centric view, you can see the chart from Beuoy and Allison McCann for FiveThirtyEight, which plots the average probability using the same model. Steady rise means a steady pull towards a win, whereas spikes and steeper, positive slopes mean a tendency towards scoring spurts. Tags: basketball, FiveThirtyEight
  • Identifying cheaters in test results, a simple method

    Nathan Yau
    25 Feb 2015 | 3:17 am
    Jonathan Dushoff had issues with students in his population biology class cheating on his exams. One year there was suspicious behavior, but Dushoff and the proctors weren't able to prove the students cheated as it happened. So he looked closely at the test results to find the guilty students. The final is entirely multiple choice. I got the results files from the scantron office. I figured that I wouldn't quite know what to do with a comparison just between these two kids (unless the tests were identical), and that it would be just about as easy (and far more informative) to compare…
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    Science Daily

  • Finding psychological insights through social media

    28 Feb 2015 | 5:47 am
    Social media has opened up a new digital world for psychology research. Researchers are developing new methods of language analysis, and how social media can be leveraged to study personality, mental and physical health, and cross-cultural differences.
  • Can money buy happiness? The relationship between money and well-being

    28 Feb 2015 | 5:47 am
    Researchers have delved into the effects of experiential purchases, potential negative impacts on abundance, the psychology of lending to friends, and how the wealthy think differently about well-being.
  • Reasons for ibrutinib therapy discontinuation in CLL

    27 Feb 2015 | 3:13 pm
    About 10 percent of patients with chronic lymphocytic leukemia discontinued therapy with the Bruton tyrosine kinase inhibitor drug ibrutinib because of disease progression during clinical trials, according to a new study.
  • First detailed microscopy evidence of bacteria at the lower size limit of life

    27 Feb 2015 | 3:13 pm
    Scientists have captured the first detailed microscopy images of ultra-small bacteria that are believed to be about as small as life can get. The existence of ultra-small bacteria has been debated for two decades, but there hasn't been a comprehensive electron microscopy and DNA-based description of the microbes until now. The cells have an average volume of 0.009 cubic microns (one micron is one millionth of a meter). About 150 of these bacteria could fit inside an Escherichia coli cell and more than 150,000 cells could fit onto the tip of a human hair.
  • Crohn's disease not exempt from racial disparities

    27 Feb 2015 | 3:13 pm
    Significant differences were found in hospital re-admissions, medication usage, and both medical and surgical complications of children with Crohn's disease related to race. In the study, black children had a 1.5 times higher frequency of hospital re-admissions because of Crohn's disease compared to white children.
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    The Why Files

  • Fossil find supports hippo-whale-dolphin ties

    26 Feb 2015 | 1:56 pm
    Fossil find supports hippo-whale-dolphin ties Ogle a hippopotamus. Then eyeball a whale. Admit it: you don't see much in common. But then look at their DNA, and the link is unmistakable: About 20 years ago, with the explosion of genomic studies, scientists realized that the four-footed, lake-dwelling mammal and the goliaths of the ocean shared a common ancestor about 52 million years ago. The genetics were transparent, but the fossils were opaque. Plenty of fossils of whales (and their fellow cetaceans, the dolphins and porpoises) were found. But a huge hollow in the history of the hippo…
  • Danger: Life without vaccine

    19 Feb 2015 | 1:12 pm
    Danger: Life without vaccine While getting vaccinated, a child (ironically enough!) wears an adhesive bandage from the Disney company. Eighty-five percent of the 121 people in the current measles outbreak have been "traced to Disneyland in California. SCPR Thinking about measles vaccine? Then join the club. In 2014, the United States endured the biggest epidemic since 2000, with 644 cases in 27 states. That may seem small, but measles can spread fast by contact or through the air -- and in vulnerable people it can cause pneumonia and brain swelling. In the 20th century, in the United States,…
  • In 10 languages, happy words beat sad ones

    12 Feb 2015 | 11:38 am
    In 10 languages, happy words beat sad ones Peter Dodds (left) and Chris Danforth, mathematicians at the University of Vermont, led a study that confirms the 1969 Pollyanna Hypothesis that there is a universal human tendency to “look on (and talk about) the bright side of life.” Original photo: University of Vermont; adaptation: The Why Files Amid the everyday storm of flaming, bitching, cursing and general bad-mouthing in music and film, and on Twitter and the web, how’s this for bizarre? A new study of billions of words actually used in 10 major languages finds that writers…
  • Climate change: Who is a climate scientist?

    5 Feb 2015 | 7:04 am
    Climate change: Who is a climate scientist? Some like it hot. Click ‘play’ to watch a warming world, from Marilyn Monroe to Mitt Romney. Temperatures represent 5-year running averages between 1950 and 2012, so we can see climate trends instead of climate extremes. Imagery: NASA/GISS As storms rage, seas rise, and ice and permafrost melt, the planet sets a steady procession of temperature records. So it’s getting harder to deny the reality that human actions — mainly burning fossil fuels — are…
  • In the mind’s eye of a bird brain

    29 Jan 2015 | 1:45 pm
    In the mind’s eye of a bird brain A three-day-old chick is the same age and strain as the birds in the study shows the general idea of the mental number line: Small numbers go on the left, large on the right. Chick photo: Rosa Rugani, University of Trento; Composite: The Why Files Imagine two cards side by side. One shows three squares, the other 10. Odds are you’ve placed the card with three squares to the left of the one with 10. Now imagine cards showing 10 and 20 squares. Odds are the 10-square card is now on the left. Congratulations! You have just demonstrated an innate…
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  • Purring tempo, sliding notes grab cats' attention

    28 Feb 2015 | 12:00 pm
    Is there such a thing as cat-centric music, which is pleasing music to cats' ears?
  • China's latest survey finds increase in wild giant pandas

    27 Feb 2015 | 9:54 pm
    (AP)—Wild giant pandas in China are doing well. According to a census by China's State Forestry Administration, the panda population has grown by 268 to a total of 1,864 since the last survey ending in 2003.
  • Submarine data used to investigate turbulence beneath Arctic ice

    27 Feb 2015 | 2:50 pm
    Using recently released Royal Navy submarine data, researchers at the National Oceanography Centre (NOC) have investigated the nature of turbulence in the ocean beneath the Arctic sea-ice.
  • Google hits back at rivals with futuristic HQ plan

    27 Feb 2015 | 2:40 pm
    Google unveiled plans Friday for a new campus headquarters integrating wildlife and sweeping waterways, aiming to make a big statement in Silicon Valley—which is already seeing ambitious projects from Apple and Facebook.
  • First detailed microscopy evidence of bacteria at the lower size limit of life

    27 Feb 2015 | 2:40 pm
    Scientists have captured the first detailed microscopy images of ultra-small bacteria that are believed to be about as small as life can get. The research was led by scientists from the U.S. Department of Energy's Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory and the University of California, Berkeley. The existence of ultra-small bacteria has been debated for two decades, but there hasn't been a comprehensive electron microscopy and DNA-based description of the microbes until now.
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    Science News Headlines - Yahoo News

  • Big Bang, Deflated? Universe May Have Had No Beginning

    28 Feb 2015 | 6:00 am
    If a new theory turns out to be true, the universe may not have started with a bang. In the new formulation, the universe was never a singularity, or an infinitely small and infinitely dense point of matter. "Our theory suggests that the age of the universe could be infinite," said study co-author Saurya Das, a theoretical physicist at the University of Lethbridge in Alberta, Canada. The new concept could also explain what dark matter — the mysterious, invisible substance that makes up most of the matter in the universe — is actually made of, Das added.
  • Rare Roman Tombstone Discovered in England

    28 Feb 2015 | 5:09 am
    A 1,800-year-old tombstone was discovered at a Roman cemetery in England this week. Because of its inscription, archaeologists know who was buried in the grave: a 27-year-old woman named Bodica. "It's incredibly rare," Neil Holbrook, of Cotswold Archaeology, told Live Science. For the last two months, Holbrook's team has been excavating a Roman cemetery just outside the ancient city walls of Cirencester, a town in Gloucestershire, to make way for the construction of a new office park.
  • NASA Satellite Captures Amazing 3D Videos of Rain, Snow

    28 Feb 2015 | 5:08 am
    Mesmerizing and swirling animations of rain and snow dance across a map of the Earth, shown in a video released yesterday (Feb. 26) by NASA's Global Precipitation Measurement (GPM) mission. The NASA video captures worldwide precipitation from April to September 2014, and even shows Hurricane Arthur twist into a tropical storm from July 2 to 4 in the Atlantic Ocean, said Gail Skofronick-Jackson, a GPM project scientist at NASA's Goddard Space Flight Center in Greenbelt, Maryland. The "GPM mission is the first coordinated international satellite network that provides near…
  • Leonard Nimoy's Legacy: Obama, Astronauts Pay Tribute

    27 Feb 2015 | 2:40 pm
    The death of "Star Trek" actor Leonard Nimoy has prompted an outpouring of condolences and heartfelt reflection from astronauts, scientists, celebrities and even President Barack Obama. People from around the world flocked to social media  to honor Leonard Nimoy — made famous by his portrayal of the logical Vulcan Spock on the original "Star Trek" TV show — after his death was reported earlier today (Feb. 27). "Long before being nerdy was cool, there was Leonard Nimoy," Obama said in a statement released today. Cool, logical, big-eared and level-headed, the…
  • Leonard Nimoy, Spock on 'Star Trek,' Dies at 83

    27 Feb 2015 | 11:12 am
    Actor Leonard Nimoy, who portrayed the iconic logical Vulcan Spock on TV's "Star Trek" and in feature films, has died. Nimoy's career spanned TV, feature films, art and photography, but he was perhaps best known for playing Spock, the logical Vulcan on the starship the USS Enterprise, in "Star Trek." Nimoy died from complications due to "end-stage chronic obstructive pulmonary disease," according to the New York Times, which first reported the actor's death Friday morning (Feb. 27). His idea for Spock's signature Vulcan salute was actually…
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    Bitesize Bio

  • 10 Top Tips When Working With Your Fume Hood

    Jason Erk
    25 Feb 2015 | 4:00 am
    Little chemicalBIG SMELL: Leave it to a pinch of beta-mercaptoethanol to overpower the lab. While not every chemical has such a pungent reminder about where it should be handled (hint: not at the bench), a good rule of thumb is to make use of your chemical fume hood whenever possible! We looked recently at the types of hoods that can be found around your research center (Beginners Guide to Fume Hood and Safety Cabinets). If you’re planning to run an experiment in one, here are a few tips to help you prepare: 1. Check the pressure gauge Fume hoods run 24/7/365 except during maintenance.
  • Acid Wash, Autoclave, Flame or Coat? Slide Basics Explained

    Melanie Laederich
    24 Feb 2015 | 9:33 am
    There are about as many protocols to prepare coverslips as there are ways to make tuna casserole. You can spend from 5 seconds to 2 days, depending on what your lab prefers. But in the end, what’s really needed? I’ve tried many protocols over the years and I’ve questioned some steps. Here I share my opinions on some coverslip preparation techniques – from the seemingly absurd to the down-right reasonable to help you to separate the helpful from unjustified traditions in your experiments. Cleaning Acid Washing Acid washing is often recommended by the manufacturers of coverslips, such…
  • 7 Tips for Getting Back into the Lab after a Job Change

    Ellen Moran
    23 Feb 2015 | 4:00 am
    I previously wrote an article for BsB detailing my experience transitioning from lab-bench research into research administration roles after a particularly unhappy experience as a postdoc. About a year into my second research admin role some restructuring occurred and I decided to try to move back into the lab. I am now working again as a lab based researcher and I want to share my experiences in order to show that moving back into research is possible and advice on how to make the leap back in. 1. Consider Part-time When I first realised I wanted to make the move back to research I expressed…
  • Quantifying Your NGS Libraries

    James Hadfield
    20 Feb 2015 | 2:04 pm
    If you want to get the maximum yield and quality from your next-generation sequencing experiment then you are going to need to make sure each of the libraries you produce is carefully quantified ready for pooling and/or loading onto a flow cell. If the quantification goes wrong you’ll get a bad balance of samples within your pool, and if the loading goes wrong you might get no data at all! There are three places you really need to consider careful quantification in next-generation sequencing workflows: your input DNA/RNA, mixing libraries to create multiplex pools, and flow-cell or PGM-chip…
  • Beginners Guide to PALM Sample Preparation

    19 Feb 2015 | 4:00 am
    In the first part of this article series we went through how Photoactivated Localization Microscopy (PALM) works. Now that you have a good understanding of the technique, it is time to start thinking about how to prepare a good sample for PALM. In this article we will cover how to choose which fluorescent proteins to use for PALM, and then go over some tips and tricks for creating the perfect sample. Fluorescent proteins – why are they useful, and which should I use? One of the advantages of using photoswitchable fluorescent proteins is their small size. They are only around 2 nm which…
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    PHD Comics

  • 02/25/15 PHD comic: 'The Purpose'

    26 Feb 2015 | 1:58 pm
    Piled Higher & Deeper by Jorge Cham title: "The Purpose" - originally published 2/25/2015 For the latest news in PHD Comics, CLICK HERE!
  • 02/23/15 PHD comic: 'Obvious'

    23 Feb 2015 | 2:26 pm
    Piled Higher & Deeper by Jorge Cham title: "Obvious" - originally published 2/23/2015 For the latest news in PHD Comics, CLICK HERE!
  • 02/16/15 PHD comic: 'Feedback'

    19 Feb 2015 | 8:09 am
    Piled Higher & Deeper by Jorge Cham title: "Feedback" - originally published 2/16/2015 For the latest news in PHD Comics, CLICK HERE!
  • 02/13/15 PHD comic: 'Happy Valentine'

    13 Feb 2015 | 1:49 pm
    Piled Higher & Deeper by Jorge Cham title: "Happy Valentine" - originally published 2/13/2015 For the latest news in PHD Comics, CLICK HERE!
  • 02/09/15 PHD comic: 'Perspiration'

    11 Feb 2015 | 3:18 am
    Piled Higher & Deeper by Jorge Cham title: "Perspiration" - originally published 2/9/2015 For the latest news in PHD Comics, CLICK HERE!
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    ZME Science

  • Bees have false memories too – this might help explain how our own form

    Tibi Puiu
    28 Feb 2015 | 3:00 am
    Memories aren't infallible - even for those with photographic memory - so, more often than not, they'll seem fuzzy. And the older these get, the fuzzier they're recalled. Mixing names, faces and events in your head can sometimes be embarrassing, but at least we're not alone. Seems like bees have false memories too, according to a study made by British researchers at Queen Mary University of London. Previously, false memories had been induced in other animals, like mice, but this is the first time natural false memories have been shown to happen. Research like this might help us, in time,…
  • Ocean oscillation patterns explain global warming ‘hiatus’

    Tibi Puiu
    27 Feb 2015 | 10:42 am
    One of the prime arguments climate change skeptics throw about is how surface temperatures have remained more or less constant for the past 15 years, hence there is no man-made global warming – it’s all a sham, a conspiracy to keep scientists busy with gratuitous grants and fill Al Gore’s pockets. I’ve written previously about models and observations that explain
  • Bill Gates commissions Pro-vaccine artworks to remind us why immunization is important

    Tibi Puiu
    27 Feb 2015 | 3:11 am
    Like most things in our modern day life style, we tend to take vaccines for granted. Some, in ever growing numbers, are on the contrary pushing and inciting against vaccination for all the wrong reasons. It’s easy to forget, however, that since their introduction hundreds of millions of lives have been spared. Vaccines given to infants and young children over
  • This map shows why people are dying earlier than they should by country

    Tibi Puiu
    27 Feb 2015 | 2:17 am
    In America and other developed countries, the leading causes of death are heart disease and cancer. Elsewhere, the picture can be a bit more complicated. A report called the Global Burden of Disease study plotted a map where it outlined the leading causes of lost years of life by country. “Cause of lost years of life” and “cause of death” are sensibly different.
  • Google’s AI beats pro gamers at classic ATARI video games – yes, this is actually important

    Tibi Puiu
    26 Feb 2015 | 1:10 pm
    A complex artificial intelligence program developed by DeepMind, a London-based company which was acquired by Google last year for $400 million, mastered classic ATARI video games, like Breakout, Video Pinball, and Space Invaders. It was so effective that it outperformed professional game testers in 29 of the 49 games it tried out. As is the case with such demonstrations, there's more to it than just humiliating humans. The same algorithms could be used to develop and improve autonomous robots or self-driving cars.
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  • Girls Exploring Math and Science 2015

    28 Feb 2015 | 5:00 am
    Last Saturday, we celebrated our 10th year of hosting Girls Exploring Math and Science (GEMS) at HMNS! Despite the questionable weather, we had a spectacular turnout! From underwater robots to photobooths, we had it all. The GEMS event includes two sections – community booths and student booths. Our community booths are hosted by local STEM organizations. They present STEM activities or demonstrations to young students and they talk about how they got their STEM careers. This year, the Subsea Tiebeck Foundation brought an exhibit called SEATIGER. It’s a giant tank containing an underwater…
  • “On the Trail” Children’s Heritage Excursion

    27 Feb 2015 | 5:00 am
    Just in time for the rodeo, little cowboys and cowgirls can learn how the American cowboy shares ways of life with the Bedouin and the Native American. These nomadic cultures are featured when the Archaeological Institute of America, Houston, presents a “Children’s Heritage Excursion” on Feb. 28 and March 1, 2015 at the Houston Museum of Natural Science on the opening weekend of the Houston Livestock Show & Rodeo. “Heritage Excursions” developed by the Archaeological Institute features tours to cultural sites around Houston. We wanted to include children! We devised this…
  • 12 Perks of Presenting HMNS Outreach

    26 Feb 2015 | 5:00 am
    After bringing live animals, exotic insects, chemistry demos, and more to over 500 area schools and community organizations last year, the Houston Museum of Natural Science’s Outreach Programs are ready to hit the road in 2015! It takes quite a village to bring science to almost 100,000 students in a year, and we are lucky to have an incredible, multi-talented group of presenters who work tirelessly to bring the wonders of HMNS to greater Houston and beyond. While members of Team Outreach play a variety of roles all over the Museum, presenting Outreach Programs is one of the most…
  • How to Spread and Mount a Butterfly – Video Tutorial Part I

    Erin M
    24 Feb 2015 | 6:00 am
    HMNS entomologist Erin Mills walks you through how to mount and display a butterfly in this 4-part video tutorial.  Part I: Supplies Check back next week for Part II!  
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    Chemical Heritage Foundation

  • Distillations Podcast: Innovation & Obsolescence—The Life, Death, and Occasional Rebirth of Technologies

    27 Feb 2015 | 6:59 am
    Some technologies flash in the pan so quickly they hardly leave a trace (Google Glass anyone?); while others seem to stick around long past their use by date. And still other creations appear to be gone for good, only to make a comeback within a niche—and likely nostalgic—community. We set out to explore the rhymes and reasons behind these ebbs and flows of technological innovation and obsolescence. First we go to a place where digital nostalgia is alive and well: a vintage video arcade outside of Chicago. Reporter Colleen Pellissier tells the story of one man who dedicates his life to…
  • You wouldn’t know a limpet had teeth from looking at it. These...

    25 Feb 2015 | 8:20 am
    You wouldn’t know a limpet had teeth from looking at it. These soft, squishy sea snails cling to rocks and scrape algae into their mouths, which means their teeth need to be stronger than rock. Last week, a paper in the Royal Society’s journal Interface published the results of a limpet tooth stress test. It turns out that these teeth are the strongest biological material on the planet. (We wrote about graphene a few months ago, which is one of the strongest human-made materials.)The study reports that the teeth can take between 3.0 to 6.5 GPa (gigapascals) of stress before failing.
  • Randall Munroe, author of the popular math and science webcomic...

    20 Feb 2015 | 7:25 am
    Randall Munroe, author of the popular math and science webcomic xkcd, posted a graph about the European Space Agency’s mission to land a probe on a comet last November. The former NASA roboticist pointed out that the most incredible thing about the Rosetta mission wasn’t its unprecedented proximity to a comet, or the decade it took to get there. It was the harpoons used to anchor the Philae lander to the comet.This incongruity between an ancient whaling weapon and an advanced space probe is not only an opportunity for humor, it’s also an example of the unexpected second lives of some…
  • February 18 is National Battery Day. In honor of this day we’re...

    18 Feb 2015 | 3:01 pm
    February 18 is National Battery Day. In honor of this day we’re offering an excerpt from a magazine piece about an ancestor of the modern battery, the Leyden jar.At its simplest the Leyden jar is a glass bottle that is partly filled with water with a wire running into it (later jars had metal foil wrapped around the inside and outside of the glass and no water). Musschenbroek [the inventor] recorded what happened when he first touched the wire after charging the jar: “Suddenly I received in my right hand a shock of such violence that my whole body was shaken as by a lightning stroke….I…
  • Rube Goldberg’s approach to technology was designed to be...

    13 Feb 2015 | 2:46 pm
    Rube Goldberg’s approach to technology was designed to be amusing. But behind all the ridiculous impracticality was a truth about much of early -20th-century technology: you could see and interact with the workings of it. Twenty-first-century technology is mostly black boxed, its workings invisible and unknowable by most.Our upcoming podcast on technology and obsolescence (due out on iTunes and our website February 18) inspired me to read Nicholas Carr’s The Glass Cage: Automation and Us. The book got me thinking about how our bodies and minds together interact with technology. Carr…
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    Mr Science Show

  • Farewell Darren

    25 Feb 2015 | 5:43 pm
    It is with great sadness that I let you know that my friend and co-Beer Drinking Scientist, Darren Osborne, passed away in January after a brave battle with brain cancer.I've put a few words up over on the BDS website, so I'll direct you over there if you would like to have a look or if you would like to make a charitable donation to the Cure Brain Cancer Foundation. The clips in this show might not be new to Mr Science Show listeners, but they are new to those who listened to BDS and are a nice collection of irreverent and ridiculous scientific conversations between us.
  • Science for kids - Slime

    14 Jan 2015 | 2:46 am
    Everyone likes slime! And it's easy to make, in its various forms.Cornflour Slime:All you need is cornflour (made from actual corn - maize - not the "wheaten" version you can get in Australia, which is made from wheat), water, some colouring, a bowl and a spoon. The process is: Pour cornflour into a bowl, Stir in small amounts of water until the cornflour becomes a thick paste. I prefer to have the water coloured at this point, as it helps to more effectively spread the colour throughout the slime.And that's it. Try stirring the slime slowly (should be easy) and then quickly (should be almost…
  • Science for kids - Elephant Toothpaste

    10 Jan 2015 | 12:41 am
    Gooey stuff is always pretty exciting for kids. This is called elephant toothpaste because, well, that's what it looks like. The experiment is fairly simple. The ingredients are:125ml 6% Hydrogen Peroxide (ask at the chemist)1 Sachet Dry Yeast (powder) + a few tablespoons of warm waterDetergentFood colouringEmpty bottleFunnelYou might want to wear gloves and goggles when handling the hydrogen peroxide. Add the hydrogen peroxide, a few drops of food colouring and a good squirt of detergent to the empty bottle, then swirl the mixture. Separately, combine the yeast with a few tablespoons of warm…
  • Science for kids - detergent powered boats

    9 Jan 2015 | 8:38 pm
    This is an easy one, assuming you occasionally clean your dishes. You just need some bread ties, water and detergent. The video is a little unimpressive, but you could dress the bread ties up to make them look like boats. Essentially, the detergent is breaking the surface tension of the water, and if you break the surface tension behind the bread tie, the tension in front of the tie pulls it forward. Detergents are surfactants, which means they have a polar end (which is attracted to water) and a non-polar end (which is attracted to oil and grease). This is how detergents (and soaps) bond to…
  • Science for kids - Water Rocket

    9 Jan 2015 | 8:14 pm
    Water rockets are one of the classic science demonstrations for kids - exciting, a bit of danger and some interesting science. Make sure you have plenty of space - making this video, I managed to get the rocket to hit the road, a swing set (with no one in it, thankfully) and some trees. We moved to the middle of a cricket field as the rockets can really go a long way. You can buy water rocket kits at toy or sciencey-styled stores. You need to provide a drink bottle, a bike pump and some water. The science is quite simple. Using the bike pump, you pump air into the bottle (which already…
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    EurekAlert! - Breaking News

  • Interventional radiology treatment relieves chronic plantar fasciitis

    28 Feb 2015 | 9:00 pm
    Patients suffering from chronic plantar fasciitis now have a new weapon against this debilitating foot ailment. Researchers utilized ultrasound imaging and energy to penetrate, emulsify and remove diseased fasciitis tissue.
  • Image-guided treatment shown to break the migraine cycle

    28 Feb 2015 | 9:00 pm
    An innovative interventional radiology treatment has been found to offer chronic migraine sufferers sustained relief of their headaches, according to research being presented at the Society of Interventional Radiology's Annual Scientific Meeting. Clinicians used a treatment called image-guided, intranasal sphenopalatine ganglion blocks to give patients enough ongoing relief that they required less medication to relieve migraine pain.
  • Psychology of food choice: Challenging the status quo

    27 Feb 2015 | 9:00 pm
    The symposium, 'Challenging Misconceptions About the Psychology of Food Choice,' includes four presentations that tackle issues such as the harmfulness of weight-stigma, encouraging healthy choices, and strategies to help children and teens. The symposium is featured at the SPSP 16th Annual Convention in Long Beach, Calif.
  • Quality control for adult stem cell treatment

    26 Feb 2015 | 9:00 pm
    A team of European researchers has devised a strategy to ensure that adult epidermal stem cells are safe before they are used as treatments for patients.
  • Untangling DNA with a droplet of water, a pipet and a polymer

    26 Feb 2015 | 9:00 pm
    Researchers have long sought an efficient way to untangle DNA to study its structure -- neatly unraveled and straightened out -- under a microscope. Now, researchers at KU Leuven have devised a simple and effective solution: they inject genetic material into a droplet of water and use a pipet tip to drag it over a glass plate covered with a sticky polymer.
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    The Daily Galaxy --Great Discoveries Channel: Sci, Space, Tech

  • Missing Light of the Visible Universe --"Is It Coming from Some Exotic New Source?" (Weekend Feature)
    28 Feb 2015 | 7:29 am
    "The most exciting possibility is that the missing photons are coming from some exotic new source, not galaxies or quasars at all," said Neal Katz  of the University of Massachusetts at Amherst. For example, the mysterious dark matter, which holds galaxies together but has never been seen directly, could itself decay and ultimately be responsible for this extra light. You know it's a crisis when you start seriously talking about decaying dark matter!"  The vast reaches of empty space between galaxies are bridged by tendrils of hydrogen and helium, which can be used as a precise "light…
  • Saturn's Titan ---"Life Not As We Know It"
    27 Feb 2015 | 2:12 pm
    A new type of methane-based, oxygen-free life form that can metabolize and reproduce similar to life on Earth has been modeled by a team of Cornell University researchers. Taking a simultaneously imaginative and rigidly scientific view, chemical engineers and astronomers offer a template for life that could thrive in a harsh, cold world - specifically Titan, the giant moon of Saturn. A planetary body awash with seas not of water, but of liquid methane, Titan could harbor methane-based, oxygen-free cells. Their theorized cell membrane, composed of small organic nitrogen compounds and capable…
  • The Mars "Methane Equals Life" Debate Rolls On...
    27 Feb 2015 | 9:00 am
    The Curiosity robot confirms methane in Mars' atmosphere which may hint that life may have existed. An article published in Science confirms the existence of methane fluctuations in the atmosphere of Mars, as a result of the detailed analysis of data sent during 605 SOLs or Martian days. The tunable laser spectrometer in the SAM (Sample Analysis at Mars) instrument of the Curiosity robot has unequivocally detected an episodic increase in the concentration of methane in Mars' atmosphere after an exhaustive analysis of data obtained during 605 soles or Martian days. This puts an end to the long…
  • The Missing Massive Galaxies of the Early Universe --“They Were Hiding in Plain Sight”
    27 Feb 2015 | 7:52 am
    One of the biggest mysteries in galaxy evolution is the fate of the compact massive galaxies that roamed the early Universe. “When our Universe was young, there were lots of compact, elliptical-shaped galaxies containing trillions of stars,” says Alister Graham of Swinburne University of Technology. “Due to the time it takes for light to travel across the vastness of space, we see these distant galaxies as they were in our young Universe. However in the present-day Universe very few such spheroidal stellar systems have been observed.” Closer to home, the central spheroid of our own…
  • Merging Black Holes --"Will Reveal the Existence of Gravity Waves"
    27 Feb 2015 | 7:04 am
    While Einstein's theories predict the existence of gravitational waves, they have not been directly detected. But the ability to "see" gravitational waves would open up a new window to view and study the universe. New research by an astrophysicist at The University of Texas at Dallas provides revelations about the most energetic event in the universe -- the merging of two spinning, orbiting black holes into a much larger black hole. The work by Dr. Michael Kesden, assistant professor of physics at University of Texas, Dallas, and his colleagues provides for the first time solutions to…
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    Science and Enterprise

  • Adult Stem Cell Quality Control Methods Devised

    27 Feb 2015 | 12:42 pm
    Stem cells (National Science Foundation) 27 February 2015. A European research team developed a process for testing the safety and quality of adult stem cells before being used in gene therapy treatments on patients. The team led by stem cell scientist Yann Barrandon at the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology in Lausanne published its findings today in the journal EMBO Molecular Medicine. Barrandon and colleagues sought a way to prevent serious problems with gene therapies using regenerated skin cells from adult stem cells, even stem cells taken from the patient needing the therapy. The…
  • Registry to Track Psoriasis Drug Safety

    26 Feb 2015 | 1:37 pm
    (National Library of Medicine, NIH) 26 February 2015. A new registry of patients with psoriasis will track the safety of a recently approved biologic drug designed to treat that disorder. The Corrona Psoriasis Registry is a joint undertaking of National Psoriasis Foundation and Corrona LLC, a company in Southborough, Massachusetts hosting registries of patients with chronic diseases. Psoriasis is an autoimmune disorder, where the body’s immune system is tricked into attacking healthy cells, in this case resulting in inflammation and red, scaly patches of dead skin cells typically in the…
  • Illumina Adds $40M for Genomic Accelerator Start-Ups

    26 Feb 2015 | 10:36 am
    ( 26 February 2015. Illumina Inc., a developer of genomic analysis systems, is adding $40 million for investments in new enterprises based on genomic science that graduate from its accelerator program. The additional financing is provided by Viking Global Investors, an equity and hedge fund investment company in Greenwich, Connecticut. The Illumina Accelerator program provides promising start-up companies designing products or services based on genomics with seed financing, lab space at Illumina facilities in San Francisco, access to Illumina sequencing systems, mentoring and…
  • Patent Issued for Mobile Pulse Oximetry Technology

    25 Feb 2015 | 12:44 pm
    Kenek O2 pulse oximeter, connected to iPhone 6 (LionsGate Technologies Inc.) 25 February 2015. LionsGate Technologies Inc., a medical device company in Vancouver, Canada, received a patent for techniques and processes that connect sensors measuring blood oxygen levels to smartphones and tablets. Patent number 8,958,859 was issued by U.S. Patent and Trademark Office on 17 February 2015 to inventors Mark Ansermino, LionsGate’s chief medical officer, and research executives Guy Dumont and Christian Petersen. The patent describes LionsGate’s technology that makes it possible to…
  • Paper Strip Test Developed for Ebola, Other Diseases

    25 Feb 2015 | 7:59 am
    Paper strip test to detect Ebola and other viruses. On the left is the unused device, opened to reveal the contents inside. On the right, the device has been used for diagnosis; the colored bands show positive tests. (Massachusetts Institute of Technology) 25 February 2015. Biological and engineering researchers at Massachusetts Institute of Technology designed a simple device that can test in the field for several viral diseases at once, including Ebola. The team from the labs of microbiologist Lee Gehrke and engineering professor Kimberly Hamad-Schifferli described the device earlier this…
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    Lake Scientist | Lake Scientist

  • Rising Temperatures To Disrupt Oneida Lake’s Ecosystem

    Daniel Kelly
    26 Feb 2015 | 7:06 am
    If temperatures continue to rise in New York’s Oneida Lake, it’s likely bye bye to the burbot fish there, according to a release from Cornell University. In addition to the local extinction of the cold water fish species, the shallow lake will become more vulnerable to algal blooms and lower oxygen levels, researchers say. The predictions are being made following a study by scientists at Cornell who modeled the lake’s future using data on stream temperature and discharge, weather and lake temperature at varying depths. They modeled impacts of rising greenhouse gas emissions on the lake…
  • Citizen Scientists, CyanoTRACKER Study Blooms In Georgia Lakes

    Daniel Kelly
    24 Feb 2015 | 7:57 am
    Scientists at the University of Georgia have launched a new lake monitoring effort called CyanoTRACKER, according to a release from the school. The work is funded by the National Science Foundation and will rely on crowdsourced data to spot lakes in Georgia at risk from harmful algal blooms. Much of the data collection will rely on social media sites like Twitter, Facebook and Instagram that citizen scientists in the state can use to help identify blooms. Those online venues will complement current remote sensing efforts of cyanobacteria outbreaks in Georgia, as well as take advantage of…
  • New Freshwater Bacteria Implicated In Eagle Deaths

    Daniel Kelly
    19 Feb 2015 | 8:19 am
    Scientists at the University of Georgia have identified for the first time a toxic cyanobacterium that has been implicated in the deaths of once-endangered American bald eagles, according to a release from the school. The bacteria, they say, can be found on the leaf bottoms of invasive hydrilla that makes its home in most all freshwater bodies of the U.S. The researchers have studied the bacterium for some time but only recently determined that it was an undiscovered species in a new genus. “This new species has a growth form and gene sequence so unusual that it does not fit into any of the…
  • Flash Freeze Ices Great Lakes

    Daniel Kelly
    17 Feb 2015 | 7:33 am
    The amount of ice cover on Lake Michigan has nearly doubled in the past seven days, according to data from the Great Lakes Environmental Research Laboratory. But it still has a ways to go to catch up with Lake Erie, which sits at nearly 96 percent covered. “It’s interesting to note that this year Lake Erie is about 95.5 percent ice covered. Last year it was about 92 percent ice covered, so a little bit more this year,” said George Leshkevich, physical scientist at the GLERL to WTMJ Radio in Wisconsin. “It’s the same with Lake Ontario, which is 36 percent ice covered…and in…
  • Tropical Mountain Lakes Can’t Escape Climate Change

    Daniel Kelly
    12 Feb 2015 | 7:18 am
    Researchers from Queen’s University made trips in 2011 to study three mountain lakes near Cuenca, Ecuador. Even though the lakes sit far away from human activity, the scientists found that the water bodies can’t escape the effects of climate change, according to a study published during February 2015 in the open-access journal PLOS ONE. All three of the lakes reside in the Andes Mountains and are part of a chain of 270 lakes that sit in El Cajas National Park. Those hundreds of lakes, as well as lands around them, were set aside because of their importance culturally and historically…
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    Frontier Scientists

  • New videos about Frozen Debris Lobes, geohazards

    Laura Nielsen
    24 Feb 2015 | 6:00 pm
    February 24 2015— Slow landslides in permafrost slide downhill on mountain slopes in the Brooks Range of Alaska. These massive frozen debris lobes are geohazards. They pose a potential threat to the Dalton Highway, Alaska’s lone road to the North Slope. There are 23 identified frozen debris lobes situated less than one mile uphill from […]
  • Young mountains versus CO2

    Laura Nielsen
    17 Feb 2015 | 3:30 pm
    Considering that the research site was a lake 62 miles north of the Arctic Circle in northeast Siberia, Russia, I didn’t think the topic would turn to mountains. Yet I’ve found a new love for mountains. Everything is interconnected. Lake E project Lake El-gygytgyn sits in a crater that formed 3.6 million years before present […]
  • Wiggles and stacks: Paleoclimate 101

    Laura Nielsen
    11 Feb 2015 | 3:23 am
    Imagine standing on the top floor of the Empire State Building. Above you, the frigid ice-capped waters of a lake in Siberia. Below you sits nearly a quarter of a mile of lake sediment resting atop impact breccia, a layer of rock formed when a meteorite slammed into Earth 3.6 million years ago. Graph wiggles […]
  • Aufeis may mark Grayling safe spots

    Laura Nielsen
    4 Feb 2015 | 12:06 pm
    “Who’s eating our fish?!” Heidi Golden posed in her journalistic record of Arctic Research and Exploration studying Arctic grayling. “From the snow tracks we saw, it’s most likely a fox. Other predators in this area might include, birds, wolverine, ermine and wolves.” Golden is an aquatic ecologist and a Ph.D. candidate in the University of Connecticut, […]
  • Never Alone – Iñupiat storytelling with spirit

    Laura Nielsen
    28 Jan 2015 | 1:56 am
    A young girl named Nuna aims carefully, flinging her bola at the shards of ice lingering in the windy sky above. The spirits answer. A crane appears: mysterious, beautiful, perhaps even sorrowful. Is it sorrowful for Nuna? I can’t say, but I know I’m entranced. Nuna is the heroine in Never Alone, a game crafted to […]
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    Midwest Labs Blog | Omaha, Nebraska

  • Bananas – How do they get to our stores?

    Pohlman Brent
    26 Feb 2015 | 5:00 am
    Check out this video and learn where our bananas come from and how they get to our stores. It is quite a process. Temperature control is monitored throughout the process. photo credit: Bury St Edmunds 30-10-2010 via photopin (license)
  • De-Icing a Plane

    Pohlman Brent
    25 Feb 2015 | 4:10 am
    Watch the process up close and see what is involved with de-icing a plane. It is such a critical job and one that is often taken for granted. As more ice and snow are on the way this week, see how one group of workers is dealing with the elements and taking charge to insure […]
  • How Long Does It Take to Get Frostbite?

    Pohlman Brent
    24 Feb 2015 | 4:50 am
    I am certainly not encouraging people to try this experiment at home, work or school; but, do you really know the facts about frostbite. How long does it really take? It really depends on two things: temperature and wind The wind is really the deciding factor here because it can quickly remove the heat and […]
  • Think about Food Science as a Major

    Pohlman Brent
    23 Feb 2015 | 4:40 am
    Want to get into a growing industry? Consider food science. It is one area that high school kids are not exposed to as much, but it is definitely a growing field with lots of possibilities. Just in the last 5-10 years this area has exploded with the advent of regulations around calories and the whole […]
  • Crash Course on Fracking

    Pohlman Brent
    20 Feb 2015 | 4:47 am
    Fracking is a very controversial process which people have various opinions on. Let’s look at this topic a bit closer and see if we can formulate our own opionion. Let’s start with this first video which explains the process. Now let’s review a little more about the process and look at some of the environmental […]
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  • March Blogging U. Courses: Blogging and Photo 101

    Michelle W.
    27 Feb 2015 | 8:00 am
    We’re excited to offer two Blogging U. courses this March: Blogging 101 and Photography 101. Read on to learn more about each course, see how Blogging U. works, and register! Blogging 101: Zero to Hero — March 2 – 20 Blogging 101 is three weeks of bite-size assignments that take you from “Blog?” to “Blog!” Every weekday, you’ll get a new assignment to help you publish a post, customize your blog, or engage with the community. Whether you’re just getting started or want to revive a dormant blog, we’ll help you build blogging habits and…
  • New Theme: Lyretail

    Caroline Moore
    26 Feb 2015 | 9:00 am
    Happy Theme Thursday, all! Let’s dive right into a new free theme: Lyretail Designed by Mel Choyce, Lyretail is a stunning visual treat for your personal site. The theme puts your social presence front and center, displaying social links prominently below the site’s title and logo, so readers can easily find you on your favorite social networks. Secondary information, like a Custom Menu or Widgets, are tucked behind a convenient slide-down menu, while bold featured images grace the header, putting your photographs front and center. Read more about Lyretail on the Theme Showcase,…
  • WordPress for iOS: New Visual Editor and More!

    25 Feb 2015 | 5:03 pm
    WordPress for iOS version 4.8 comes with exciting editor and navigation enhancements. Visual Editor We’re thrilled to announce that the 4.8 release includes a beautiful new visual editor. With the new editor, you can add rich text like bold, italics, links, and lists naturally as you type. You can also insert images with a tap, seeing real-time uploading progress and images right in the post. Before New Editor App users have long wished for a “what you see is what you get” (WYSIWYG) editor on iOS. Until now, a rich mobile editing experience on the iOS app was reserved for those…
  • Five Themes for Poets (and Other Text-Loving Bloggers)

    Ben Huberman
    25 Feb 2015 | 8:00 am
    Over at The Daily Post, our first poetry-focused Blogging U. course, Writing 201: Poetry, has just entered its second week. It’s been a blast, with hundreds of poets sharing their work, experimenting with new forms, and commenting on their peers’ poems. After working hard on polishing their elegies, haiku, and ballads, most writers want to make sure their readers can enjoy their work to the fullest. This is where choosing the right theme can play an important role (this is true for non-poets too, of course): you want your posts to be readable, clean, and inviting. Here…
  • A Year of Reading the World: A Q&A with Ann Morgan

    Cheri Lucas Rowlands
    20 Feb 2015 | 7:00 am
    Several years ago, writer Ann Morgan noticed that she didn’t read much literature from countries outside of the United Kingdom and United States — and had yet to dive into stories from around the globe. From this realization, her blog, A Year of Reading the World, was born. You can read about Ann’s journey in her new book, Reading the World: Confessions of a Literary Explorer, available now in the UK. (The US version, The World Between Two Covers, will be released on May 4.) I chatted with Ann about the blog-to-book journey and her experience of reading and blogging about…
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  • Nueva cepa más agresiva del VIH se está propagando por Cuba

    Francisco P. Chávez
    20 Feb 2015 | 7:46 am
      Una nueva cepa del VIH en algunos pacientes en Cuba parece ser mucho más agresiva y puede desarrollar el SIDA dentro de los tres años de la infección. Los investigadores dijeron que la progresión ocurre tan rápido que el tratamiento con fármacos antirretrovirales puede llegar demasiado tarde. Sin tratamiento, la infección por el VIH por lo general tarda entre 5 a 10 años para desarrollar el SIDA, de acuerdo con Anne-Mieke Vandamme, profesor de medicina en la Universidad belga de Lovaina. Según el estudio, publicado en la revista EBioMedicine , los autores fueron alertados…
  • Explican el impulso incontrolable de comer luego de consumir marihuana

    Francisco P. Chávez
    19 Feb 2015 | 3:00 pm
      El “bajón” se le conoce en Chile al impulso incontrolable de comer después de consumir marihuana. Según científicos de la Universidad de Yale este fenómeno parece ser conducido por las neuronas en el cerebro que normalmente están involucradas en la supresión del apetito. El estudio fue publicado en la prestigiosa revista Nature. Los científicos propusieron controlar los circuitos cerebrales que promueven el hambre manipulando selectivamente la vía celular que media la acción de la marihuana en el cerebro mediante el uso de ratones transgénicos. Al observar…
  • Dos tercios de los cáncer puede explicarse por la “mala suerte” en mutaciones al azar

    Francisco P. Chávez
    18 Feb 2015 | 5:45 pm
      Científicos del Centro Oncológico Kimmel de Johns Hopkins han creado un modelo estadístico que mide la proporción de la incidencia de cáncer, a través de muchos tipos de tejido, causada principalmente por mutaciones aleatorias que se producen cuando las células madre se dividen. Según el estudio estudio, dos tercios de la incidencia de cáncer en adultos a través de los tejidos pueden explicarse principalmente por la “mala suerte”, cuando se producen estas mutaciones aleatorias en los genes que pueden impulsar el crecimiento del cáncer, mientras que el tercio…
  • Calculan la magnitud de los residuos plásticos que terminan en el mar

    Francisco P. Chávez
    17 Feb 2015 | 6:50 pm
      La imagen de una bolsa de plástico dando volteretas por la playa hasta que una ráfaga de viento la lleva al océano es un escenario que se repite en los 192 países costeros con botellas vacías de bebidas, envases de comida, juguetes y otros trozos de plástico que hacen su camino desde los estuarios, costas y vertederos incontrolados hasta establecerse en los mares del mundo. ¿Cuánto residuos plásticos mal administrado está haciendo su camino desde la tierra hacia el mar? Esta pregunta estuvo en suspenso hasta que científicos de la Universidad de Georgia han puesto un…
  • Los edulcorantes artificiales inducen intolerancia a la glucosa mediante la alteración de la microbiota intestinal

    Francisco P. Chávez
    24 Nov 2014 | 12:02 pm
      Los edulcorantes artificiales, promovidos como ayudas a la pérdida de peso y la prevención de la diabetes, en realidad podrían acelerar el desarrollo de la intolerancia a la glucosa y el síndrome metabólico. Lo increíble es que lo hacen de una manera sorprendente: cambiando la composición y función de la microbiota intestinal, es decir, la población de bacterias que residen en nuestros intestinos. Los resultados de los experimentos en ratones y en seres humanos se publicaron en la revista Nature. Según los autores el uso generalizado de los edulcorantes artificiales en…
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    Science + Technology – Articles – The Conversation

  • Social media helps make cultural icons a new target for terrorism

    Kevin McDonald, Professor of Sociology and Head of the Department of Criminology and Sociology at Middlesex University
    26 Feb 2015 | 10:47 pm
    Footage of published by Islamic State of militants destroying artefacts in a museum in Mosul, Iraq. Recent postings on social media of the destruction of 3,000 year-old Assyrian sculptures by ISIS highlights a new threat to cultural heritage in times of conflict. Read symbolically, these actions can be interpreted as “cultural payback” for irreverent cartoons of the prophet Mohammad as a dog or with bombs hidden in his turban, themselves likely motivation for recent killings in Copenhagen and at the offices of the satirical magazine, Charlie Hebdo in Paris. While the symbolic function of…
  • Expert panel: metadata retention report

    Philip Branch, Senior Lecturer in Telecommunications at Swinburne University of Technology
    26 Feb 2015 | 10:45 pm
    There are still unanswered questions about the government's proposed metadata retention bill. Lars P./Flickr, CC BY-SAThe Parliamentary Joint Committee on Intelligence and Security (PJCIS) today released its report on the government’s proposed metadata retention laws. The report makes a number of recommendations to revise and clarify the proposed bill, including: offering monetary compensation for service providers to cover the costs of implementing the scheme limiting the discretionary powers of the Attorney-General in making changes to the bill once it’s passed preventing the stored…
  • Reddit tackles 'revenge porn' and celebrity nudes

    James Meese, Research Associate at University of Melbourne
    26 Feb 2015 | 6:55 pm
    Reddit is working to ensure the only nude images that appear on its site have the consent of the subject. Lotus Carroll/Flickr, CC BY-NC-SAIn a move to protect user privacy and curb revenge porn, social media site Reddit has banned naked photos that are shared on its site without the consent of the subject of the photo. The updated policy, which will come into effect on March 10, is partly in response to leaked celebrity nude scandal of 2014, “The Fappening”, where hundreds of images of celebrities were allegedly stolen and reposted on sites such as 4chan and Reddit. Actors Jennifer…
  • The words that make a successful research grant application

    Owen Churches, Postdoctoral Fellow in Psychology at Flinders University
    26 Feb 2015 | 11:29 am
    What words appear most frequently in successful research grant applications? And how have they changed over the years? Sean MacEntee/Flickr, CC BY-SASummer is ending, and for researchers in Australia that means one thing: grant writing season is hotting up. It’s an intense period of creative thought and brutal focus. The decisions we make in February determine the sort of research Australia pursues for the next three to five years. It also affects where your tax dollars are spent. And since the Australian Research Council’s Discovery Projects scheme funds only 20% of the applications that…
  • Technology as a social lifeline for kids with Asperger's

    Stefan Schutt, Research Program Leader, Centre for Cultural Diversity and Wellbeing at Victoria University
    25 Feb 2015 | 7:41 pm
    Dedicated spaces where young "aspies" can gather and use technology are helping them to socialise. Author providedTechnology is often maligned for having a negative influence on young people, particularly on their ability to develop healthy social relations and a sense of identity. But technology can also be a force for good. For some people, such as those on the higher-functioning end of the autism spectrum, technology can be a vehicle for personal and social growth. Many young people with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) are drawn to computers. That’s not surprising given…
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  • Silent Spring master notes

    David Bradley
    27 Feb 2015 | 3:10 am
    I posted my song, The Silent Spring from critique on one of the songwriter forums and got a few listens and some nice positive comments, in particular with regard to the mastering I did…an area in which I’m really just a novice. But, here are a few notes about what I did, just for my own personal notekeeping to be honest, but others might find them interesting if they’ve listened to the song. I suppose I could share the pre-mastered version, but there’s little point suffice to say it sounds quite dull and lifeless tonally compared to the mastered version, which is…
  • The Silent Spring

    David Bradley
    26 Feb 2015 | 7:45 am
    A song of hope with an allusion to both the book of the eponymous title and recent revolutionary springs… The Silent Spring by Dave Bradley The Silent Spring They tell us history is a lesson to learn Too many times we ignore it They say the danger is a stranger to burn Through the seasons they implore it It doesn’t matter how near or how far The border lands we deplore them They feed us lies that just won’t settle the score Fail to see that we abhor them Across the desert a healing wind blows Now the promise of a silent spring Though lines were drawn and the borders were…
  • How to calculate wind chill

    David Bradley
    24 Feb 2015 | 1:18 am
    Wind-chill, windchill, wind chill factor, wind chill index is an estimate of how cold you will feel at a given air temperature when there is a wind blowing. It is a popular tool used by weather presenters to make you feel worse about going outside when it’s cold and windy! Seriously, if, for example, the reported air temperature (as measured by a thermometer housed in one of those white boxes with the grills, a Stevenson screen, or shelter) is -7 Celsius and the wind is blowing at a steady 8 km/h, then it will “feel” like it’s -11 Celsius. But why and how does one get…
  • Is it okay to kick a robot?

    David Bradley
    12 Feb 2015 | 6:34 am
    By now, you’ve probably seen the astounding quadruped robots that have been built and demonstrated by Boston Dynamics. These machines run like four-legged animals and don’t seem to mind when their human companions give them a kick…hold on…give them a kick? Is that really the best example to set impressionable people watching the videos? One could argue that it’s a machine, it doesn’t “mind” being kicked, if that demonstrates just how robust the software and servos are to disturbances in the forces around them. But, it is still quite a…
  • Follow me, follow them

    David Bradley
    5 Feb 2015 | 12:07 am
    Not quite in the words of the 1978 Genesis hit “Follow you, follow me”, I took a look at Twitter dashboard and found that there is a neat Top 9 (don’t ask) of twitter users who a lot of people who follow @sciencebase also follow @NASA · @NatGeo · @wiredscience · @TEDTalks · @Discovery · @ScienceNews · @neiltyson · @NatureNews · @guardianscience Follow me, follow them is a post from the science blog of science journalist, photographer and musician David Bradley Subscribe to our Email Newsletter
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  • “Engineering Is” for the Next Generation

    Andrea Aust
    26 Feb 2015 | 10:47 am
    When you turn on your stovetop, do you ever wonder how efficient it is at heating your pot and the food inside? While that may not be top of mind for you, the efficiency of cookstoves has a huge impact on the quality of life–from safety issues to health impacts–of many people around the world. Engineers at Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory have been working for more than a decade to build a better cookstove. This story of designing a new stove for families in developing countries is the first in KQED’s new Engineering Is… series of e-books that focus on the intersection of…
  • What Happens When Wood Burns?

    Lauren Farrar
    19 Feb 2015 | 12:00 pm
      Combustion, which is simply the burning of something, is a rather complex chemical process. We rely quite heavily on combustion technologies for energy. For example, we burn gasoline to power our cars; we often burn oil or gas in home heating systems; and power plants usually burn coal, oil or natural gas to generate electricity. Many families, particularly in the developing world, burn wood and other biomass to cook food and heat their homes. However, burning wood and other solid fuels produces a lot of smoke, which is harmful to health and the environment. In fact, the World Health…
  • Should We Modify DNA in Human Embryos?

    QUEST Staff
    17 Feb 2015 | 1:37 pm
    Source: DoNow Science Tags: featured, full-image
  • Career Spotlight: Research Scientist and Mechanical Engineer

    Lauren Farrar
    13 Feb 2015 | 11:00 am
      Vi Rapp is a research scientist at Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory. She has a Ph.D. in mechanical engineering and focuses her research on improving combustion systems. One aspect of her work is designing cleaner, more efficient cookstoves. About three billion people (almost half the world’s population), particularly in areas of Latin America, Africa and Asia, cook over fires that burn wood, charcoal and other solid materials. The smoke from these fires is harmful to human health and to the environment. In fact, according to the World Health Organization every year about four…
  • When Should Animals Be Used for Research or Industry Testing?

    QUEST Staff
    3 Feb 2015 | 11:17 am
    Source: DoNow Science Tags: animal rights, animal testing, animal welfare, animals, apes, chimpanzees, ethics, featured, full-image
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    As Many Exceptions As Rules

  • Mirroring Evolution

    25 Feb 2015 | 5:00 am
    Biology concepts – bilateral symmetry, radial symmetry, planulozoa hypothesis, cephalization, last animal common ancestor, porifera, platyhelminth, cnidarian, echinodermata Halloween was a classic slasher film. Jamie Lee Curtis looks so young, decades before Freaky Friday or yogurt commercials. Michael Myers could cut a man in half with his machete, but could he produce two mirror image halves?Slasher movies have been around for years. The heyday of the knife-wielding madman was in the 1970’s-1980’s with films like Halloween and Texas Chainsaw Massacre. Even today we have examples, like…
  • Space – It’ll Mess You Up

    18 Feb 2015 | 4:30 am
    Biology concepts –  undulipodia, primary cilia, motile cilia, ependyma, spaceflight, pathology, osteopenia, radiation damage, osteoblast/osteoclast, osteocytes, No one wanted the elation of the moon visit to turn to disaster as a moon germ spread through-out the world and killed every living thing. So they moved the astronauts from splashdown to airstream. What a bummer that would have been to go all Andromeda Strain…. although it might have saved us from Watergate.Going into space is an engineering triumph, but it isn’t without its biologic difficulties. When the Apollo 11…
  • Thinking Skinny Thoughts Won’t Help

    11 Feb 2015 | 5:00 am
    Biology concepts – undulipodia, primary cilia, chemosensing, obesity, depression, hydrocephalus, lithiumWinston Churchill once said that men occasionally stumble on the truth, but most people pick themselves up and carry on as if nothing had happened. Gregor Mendel was Augustinian monk who really joined the order because they would allow him to study and learn for the rest of his life. Sounds like the gig I would enjoy. Since he was a monk, do you think he got angry that his discoveries were ignored for 35 years?In some cases we are shown the truth but don’t recognize it, as with Gregor…
  • An Immovable Moving Part- That’s Just Cilia!

    4 Feb 2015 | 5:00 am
    Biological concepts – primary cilia, sterocilia, kinocilium, Usher syndrome, actin, microtubule, signal transduction, sensory receptor, mechanoreceptor The USS Oriskany (above) was scuttled in 2006 to create an artificial reef off of Pensacola Florida. In 2012, the US government effectively ended its policy of creating artificial reefs this way because of concern for leaking toxins from the ships to the marine life. But is was a good way to find a new job for something broken.Naval vessels are built to move through the oceans. When they can’t, they get fixed or they get decommissioned. As…
  • Crawling To The Top

    28 Jan 2015 | 5:00 am
    Biology concepts – characteristics of animals, undulipodia, gametes, nematodes, roundworms, Yes, a sponge is an animal – just like a barracuda, a platypus or a that weird nephew of yours. They are multicellular, loosely organized into a couple tissues, and eat other organisms. You can see how they filter feed in this demonstration. Not so different from that nephew.Sponges and birds – they’re both animals, but would you know it to look at them? Sponges are sessile (except for the exceptions), and birds can’t breathe under water (no exceptions). Birds eat worms and lay eggs – most…
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    Laboratory News » News

  • Violent origins for meteorites

    27 Feb 2015 | 12:00 am
    A new study shows that meteorites are formed from hot material that gets ejected in space when two planetary bodies collide.    Scientists at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) and Purdue University used computer simulations and found that chondrites – meteorites formed by molten droplets of rock – were created by violent collisions of moon-sized planetary bodies. Dr Brandon Johnson, at MIT’s Department of Earth, Atmospheric and Planetary Sciences said: “This tells us that meteorites aren’t actually representative of the material that formed planets — they’re…
  • Oceans predict extreme winters

    25 Feb 2015 | 12:00 am
    Scientists have found that oceans preserve important information about the atmospheric conditions which may help predict extreme winters across Europe. A research team at the National Oceanography Centre (NOC) examined temperature and atmospheric pressure records and found that pairs of severe winters seem to coincide with a set of atmospheric conditions. “Our research could help predict when these pairs of severe winters will occur in the future,” said research leader Dr Adam Blaker. The scientists studied the output from five ocean model simulations to identify several historical events…
  • Bacterial communication key drug target

    24 Feb 2015 | 3:13 am
    Scientists have succeeded in decoding a new type of bacterial communication which could help in the prevention of drug resistant pathogens. A research team at Goethe University in Frankfurt analysed genomes of Photorhabdus asymbiotica – a bacterium pathogen in insects – and found they communicate by sending chemical signals. This communication between cells is key to the pathogenesis of the bacteria. The research could become of particular medical interest as bacterial communication pathways are a potential therapeutic target for new medicines. “When pathogens are no longer destroyed by…
  • Neuronal response to odour reveals unexpected simplicity

    23 Feb 2015 | 12:00 am
    Scientists have discovered that an unexpectedly simple relationship can explain the neuronal response to odour variation. A research team at Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory and the National Centre for Biological Sciences (NCBS) in Bangalore experimented on rats and revealed that the olfactory bulb – part of the brain responsible for smell senses – shows a simple linear relationship between cell response and fluctuating odours. “This result delighted us, and also surprised us, since the whole field of neurobiology has a bias – and it is a fair one – that the mammalian brain is…
  • New technique for live cell imaging

    19 Feb 2015 | 12:00 am
    Chemists have developed new imaging technology based on calcium concentrations for easy detection of mechanisms in live cells. A research team from the Faculty of Science at the University of Alberta used fluorescent proteins to visualise biochemical events in live cells and tissues in colour. “With this development we can immediately image activity happening at cellular level, offering an alternative to existing methods for detecting and imaging of protein-protein interactions in live cells,” said leader of the research Dr Robert Campbell, chemist at University of Alberta. The study,…
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    Breaking Science News from SciGuru Science News

  • Interaction of ocean oscillations caused 'false pause' in global warming

    27 Feb 2015 | 11:52 am
    The recent slowdown in climate warming is due, at least in part, to natural oscillations in the climate, according to a team of climate scientists, who add that these oscillations represent variability internal to the climate system. They do not signal any slowdown in human-caused global warming.
  • Scientists discover beliefs can be just as powerful as nicotine

    27 Feb 2015 | 11:24 am
    Two identical cigarettes led to a discovery by scientists at the Virginia Tech Carilion Research Institute. Study participants inhaled nicotine, yet they showed significantly different brain activity. Why the difference? Some subjects were told their cigarettes were nicotine free.
  • LED Technology Manipulates Atoms to Produce White Light Efficiently

    27 Feb 2015 | 11:11 am
    Hieu Pham Trung Nguyen, an assistant professor of electrical and computer engineering, is exploring new methods for producing highly efficient LED lighting by using nanomaterials that can be manipulated with precision at the atomic level. His research on the topic has been published in Scientific Reports, an online publication affiliated with the journal Nature.
  • New tool developed for the analysis of human tumors

    27 Feb 2015 | 8:27 am
    Today in the journal Nature Methods, the laboratory headed by ICREA researcher Patrick Aloy, at the Institute for Research in Biomedicine (IRB Barcelona), presents a computational tool that allows a greater understanding of the genetic causes of complex diseases such as cancer, Alzheimer’s and diabetes. dSysMap (which stands for “Disease-mutations Systemic Mapping”) is a...
  • Growth signal can influence cancer cells’ vulnerability to drugs, study suggests

    27 Feb 2015 | 8:11 am
    In theory, a tumor is an army of clones, made up of many copies of the original cancerous cell. But tumor cells don’t always act like duplicates, and their unpredictable behavior can create problems for treatment. For while some cells within a tumor succumb to anti-cancer drugs, others may survive to bring the cancer back to life once therapy has ended.
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    Citizen Science Center

  • Bring out your inner iNaturalist

    Chandra Clarke
    17 Feb 2015 | 7:47 am
    What will you discover? (Photo Credit: Courtesy of Grand Teton National Park Service, via Wikimedia Commons) Project: When we were children, we naturally spent a great deal of time exploring the world around us. Everything was a delight. The robins in our backyard were new to us; the spiders in the houseplants were fascinating; the squirrels at the park were endlessly entertaining. Over time, of course, we became accustomed to such sights, and other things distracted us. Luckily, there is now a way to recapture the wonder of our youth and contribute to the scientific…
  • Build Your Own Robot Submarine

    Chandra Clarke
    3 Feb 2015 | 7:42 am
    What will you discover underwater? (Photo Credit: Gunter Küchler, via Wikimedia Commons) Project: OpenROV It’s a project that would make MacGyver proud: a do-it-yourself underwater exploration vehicle. OpenROV stands for Open Remotely Operated Vehicle, and it is an open-source, underwater robot. Founded by Eric Stackpole, David Lang, and Matteo Borri, OpenROV was originally designed to explore an underwater cave. Following a very successful Kickstarter campaign, the project is now a large community of exploration enthusiasts, makers, DIY experts, and tinkerers who are using the bitty…
  • Is there a doctor in the house?

    Chandra Clarke
    19 Jan 2015 | 6:28 am
    Photo Credit: Opensource Handbook of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology Project: NanoDoc Some video games want you to kill invaders from space. Others want you to blow up gems or fruit. NanoDoc wants you to help kill tumors. As the name implies, NanoDoc is a game designed to have members of the public help design new “nanoparticle” strategies to treat cancer. A nanoparticle is a teeny-tiny particle, anywhere from 1 to 100 nanometers in size, and a nanometer is one-billionth of a meter. Nanomedicine is a newer branch of medicine that focuses on using nanotechnology to deliver drugs in a…
  • Some Citizen Science Predictions

    Chandra Clarke
    5 Jan 2015 | 7:22 am
    I’ve been covering the citizen science movement for a very long time now; indeed, I’ve been writing about citizen science in one form or another since before it was really a movement. Recently, I sat down and had a think about what I had seen in the past, as well as some of trends that I’ve been noticing. Today, I’m going to review some of those and also go out on a limb with some predictions as to where I see citizen science heading. It’s Definitely a Thing, Now In the last three or so years, I’ve noticed a sharp increase in the amount of mainstream…
  • Can You Spot a City?

    Chandra Clarke
    18 Dec 2014 | 7:43 am
    The researchers at the Extragalactic Astrophysics and Astronomical Instrumentation Group at the Universidad Coplutense de Madrid need your help to georeference the position of cities that appear in ISS images. According to Jose Gomez Castano, the “Lost at Night” project is part of a study of light pollution and the energy consumption derived from it. “We use images taken from the International Space Station as part of our investigations, provided by Earth Science and Remote Sensing Unit, NASA-Johnson Space Center,” says Castano. “To compare the images with the…
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    Breaking Science News |

  • Oxygen-Free, Methane-Based Life Forms Could Exist on Titan, Say Scientists
    28 Feb 2015 | 8:08 am
    Titan – a planetary body awash with seas not of water, but of liquid methane – could harbor oxygen-free, methane-based life forms, says a team of scientists at Cornell University. The team, led by Dr Paulette Clancy of the Cornell University’s School of Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering, modeled an azotosome – a new type of [...]
  • Toxic Algae Proliferating in European, North American Lakes
    27 Feb 2015 | 2:20 pm
    Cyanobacteria – also known as blue-green algae – have proliferated much more rapidly than other algae in lakes across North America and Europe over the past 200 years, and in many cases the rate of increase has sharply accelerated since the 1900s, finds a study led by Zofia Taranu of McGill University. “We found that [...]
  • Scientists Identify ‘Big Brain’ Gene in Humans, Neanderthals
    27 Feb 2015 | 11:46 am
    A gene that is responsible for brain size in modern Homo sapiens and their ancient relatives, Neanderthals and Denisovans, has been identified by a team of scientists from Germany led by Dr Wieland Huttner of the Max Planck Institute of Molecular Cell Biology and Genetics in Dresden. In their study, Dr Huttner and his colleagues [...]
  • Ancient Britons Imported Einkorn Wheat 8,000 Years Ago, Say Archaeologists
    27 Feb 2015 | 7:19 am
    According to a group of scientists led by Dr Robin Allaby from the University of Warwick, wheat reached Britain approximately 8,000 years ago – two millennia before the introduction of farming. Dr Allaby and his colleagues found evidence for a variety of wheat known as einkorn at Bouldnor Cliff, an underwater archaeological site off the [...]
  • Tetrandrine: Compound from Japanese, Chinese Herbs Shows Promise for Blocking Ebola Virus
    27 Feb 2015 | 5:11 am
    In a new study published in the journal Science, tetrandrine – an alkaloid found in Stephania tetrandra (commonly known as stephania root or ‘han fang ji’) and other Japanese and Chinese herbs – inhibited infection of human white blood cells in petri dish experiments and also showed therapeutic efficacy in lab mice. Ebola is a [...]
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    Labguru Blog

  • AstraZeneca Licences Labguru

    Iestyn Lewis
    17 Feb 2015 | 3:16 am
    We are very pleased and excited to announce that AstraZeneca have licensed Labguru for use in their organization. Scientists will use the Labguru platform across multiple AstraZeneca sites in North America and Europe, replacing and consolidating several legacy systems spanning several scientific disciplines. Its modular web-based system offers an easy means of tracking projects, protocols, biological collections and materials, as well as streamlining collaboration between members of the lab and between institutions. Read the press release
  • Chemistry in Labguru - Notes from the Team

    Iestyn Lewis
    11 Feb 2015 | 8:02 am
    Being a web-based company that caters to a specific market lets us roll out useful stuff on a pretty fast timeline. This week, we pushed out an update that lets our researchers add chemical structures and chemical reaction drawings to their experiments. (More here). We're using MarvinJS from ChemAxon, one of the most respected names in the cheminformatics industry. This is the first step on our chemistry roadmap - which we'd like to share with you here: Structure Drawing - Step 1 You are here - if you are a Labguru subscriber (if not, the trial is free), you can add a "Compound" section to…
  • 20,000 Tubes Under A Deep Freeze

    Iestyn Lewis
    2 Feb 2015 | 11:10 am
    Labguru lets you manage all kinds of inventory containers – from cabinets to bottles. The most popular container by far, though, is the tube. Our researchers have cataloged a combined 1.5 MILLION of them, and the average lab has 20,000 to deal with. The standard tube is 10 mm. in diameter and 30 mm. high. It is destined to be stored in a freezer and live in boxes and racks with hundreds of other tubes. Unless you have a side job writing names on grains of rice, hand-labeling these tubes is a nightmare. They’re small, slippery, and – let’s be honest – penmanship is not taught in…
  • 10 Reasons to Ditch Paper and Switch to Electronic Lab Notbooks

    Labguru Staff
    17 Jan 2015 | 10:16 pm
    Electronic lab notebooks (ELNs) were created to solve a number of limitations that scientists face when using traditional paper notebooks to track the progress of their research. Nonetheless, academic and government labs have not significantly shifted from traditional lab notebooks. On the other hand, about 1/3rd of the biopharmaceutical industry has reported that it has adopted the electronic notebook as its method for recording and maintaining data. Though the familiarity of paper lab notebooks makes them attractive to scientists, many other reported advantages, such as portability, ease of…
  • 5 Ways Google+ Can Advance Your Research Career

    Labguru Staff
    4 Jan 2015 | 2:27 am
    Google+ never became quite as popular as Facebook, Twitter, and other social media outlets. So if you're already struggling to keep up with your social media accounts, it's easy to write Google+ off as just one more time waster. But if Facebook is the place to share family photos and Twitter is the spot to spout off witty one-liners, Google+ is the place for grown-ups to network, engage in substantive discussion, and capitalize on the fledgling social network's impressive array of features. Once you get the hang of things, you may just find that Google+ proves almost as invaluable as your…
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    Just Science

  • Successful Studying

    23 Feb 2015 | 12:17 pm
    Many of our students ask what the secrets are to successful studying and memorizing the immense amount of information we take in on a constant daily and weekly basis. The trick is to know yourself and experimenting with what works best for you as an… The post Successful Studying appeared first on Just Science.
  • 33 Simple Ways to Keep Your Dog Busy Indoors

    28 Jan 2015 | 12:09 pm
    Living in Michigan during the winter means it’s dark by 5 pm and too cold for long outdoor walks with my dog. I’ve had to improvise and come up with all sorts of games and activities to keep my dog mentally and physically exercised during these cold… The post 33 Simple Ways to Keep Your Dog Busy Indoors appeared first on Just Science.
  • Top 10 Motivational Quotes for Writers by Writers

    28 Jan 2015 | 12:07 pm
    Do you consider yourself a writer? It’s interesting that as a serious blogger you must create unique, interesting, and informative blog content, so it would be a natural assumption to think that serious bloggers consider themselves writers. But that’s… The post Top 10 Motivational Quotes for Writers by Writers appeared first on Just Science.
  • What if your feelings were scientifically measurable?

    28 Jan 2015 | 12:04 pm
    When I walked into the historic, townhouse storefront in downtown Frederick, the smell of essential oils immediately relaxed me. Kileigh handed me two, sky-blue, plastic foot coverings to slip over my shoes. She then guided me to the salt cave in the… The post What if your feelings were scientifically measurable? appeared first on Just Science.
  • How to learn almost anything

    12 Jan 2015 | 9:06 am
    I came across the following TED talk “How to learn a new language: 7 secrets from TED Translators” The link is here This is such a good guide to learning I have adapted it for anything anyone wants to learn. See what you think. Get real. Decide on a… The post How to learn almost anything appeared first on Just Science.
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    Tommylandz ツ™

  • First human head transplant could be possible by 2017, surgeon claims

    Tommylandz ツ™
    27 Feb 2015 | 7:00 am
    It might sound like something from a science fiction movie, but an Italian doctor says full-body transplants, where a living person’s head would be attached to a donor body, could be possible in two... [[ This is a content summary only. Visit my website for full links, other content, and more! ]]
  • This Power Rangers Reboot Is The Most Evil Trailer Ever.

    Tommylandz ツ™
    25 Feb 2015 | 4:12 am
    This Power Rangers Reboot Is The Most Evil Trailer Ever. James Van Der Beek and Katee Sackhoff star in Joseph Kahn’s (Detention, Toque) R-rated, NSFW Power Rangers short film. We did not think... [[ This is a content summary only. Visit my website for full links, other content, and more! ]]
  • BBQ Bacon Sushi Recipe. Yes, You Read That Correctly.

    Tommylandz ツ™
    16 Feb 2015 | 12:47 pm
    BBQ Bacon Sushi Recipe. Yes, You Read That Correctly. - He Rolls Beef And Cheese Into Bacon. The Result? I Can’t Stop DROOLING! [[ This is a content summary only. Visit my website for full links, other content, and more! ]]
  • He Hasn’t Seen His High School Sweetheart For 62 Years, Until Now.

    Tommylandz ツ™
    12 Feb 2015 | 3:52 am
    Their reaction to seeing each other after all these years is priceless. Never give up on love. [[ This is a content summary only. Visit my website for full links, other content, and more! ]]
  • Taylor Swift mashed up with Nine Inch Nails is actually pretty good

    Tommylandz ツ™
    11 Feb 2015 | 9:42 am
    Taylor Swift mashed up with Nine Inch Nails is actually pretty good [[ This is a content summary only. Visit my website for full links, other content, and more! ]]
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  • 5 Top Tips for Going Viral with Leidenfrost Physics

    28 Feb 2015 | 10:06 am
    The Leidenfrost effect You're not having déjà vu.  I already wrote about the Leidenfrost Maze in this blog.  And although physics experiments fascinate many, they don't normally weigh up as Internet clickbait.  But the Leidenfrost effect is different... The Leidenfrost effect is a phenomenon in which a droplet of liquid, on a surface which is much hotter than the liquid’s boiling point, will levitate above a cushion of its own vapour. Although it has been known about for a long time, the complexities that arise due to interactions between three phases of matter far from…
  • When Biology Met Physics…

    20 Feb 2015 | 4:15 pm
    The Emergent Field of Biophysics Ever since Francis Crick and James Watson brought Physics and Biology together in 1953 to unveil the molecular structure of DNA, the boundary between the two disciplines has continued to become increasingly blurred.  In this genomic new era, ever more principles from Physics are being applied to living systems in an attempt to understand complexity at all levels.  Although sometimes the best solution to a Physics problem lies in the macroscopic world of Biology...  The earliest studies in Biophysics were conducted in the 1840s by a group known as the…
  • Northern Lights over Scotland

    14 Feb 2015 | 10:05 am
    #BlueDot This mesmerising image of the Northern Lights over Scotland was captured by Baltimore-born NASA astronaut Terry Virts, a member of Expedition 42 from the International Space Station earlier this week, as it drifted over Europe. The aurora is caused by the interaction of the solar wind - a stream of charged particles escaping the Sun - and Earth's magnetic field and atmosphere. Northern Lights The Northern Lights or Aurora Borealis is a natural light display in the sky.  Seen predominantly at high latitudes in both hemispheres, such as the Arctic and Antarctic regions of the…
  • Planck’s Time and the “Oldest Light” in the Cosmos

    11 Feb 2015 | 5:24 pm
    Who, What, Where? What happened at time t = 0?  is still anybody's guess.  At least, earlier observations of Planck's radiation had suggested the first generation of stars were bursting into life by about 420 million years after the Big Bang.  However, scientists from Europe's Planck satellite mission now say the first stars lit up the Universe later than was previously thought... The Planck time is the time it would take a photon moving at the speed of light to travel across a distance equal to the Planck length - the scale at which classical ideas about gravity and space-time cease to…
  • Testing Times – Methods of Dating the Geological Past

    8 Feb 2015 | 6:01 am
    Cross-Referencing Geological Time At the beginning of the 20th century, the discovery of the radiometric "clock" revolutionized our understanding of the Earth's deep history, confirming what geologists had been claiming for decades.  Nevertheless, newer and more accurate dating methods posed further problems in themselves.  After all, how do we know our Earth is 4.5 billion years old, and not a mere few thousands of years as suggested by the Bible?  Throughout the 19th century, there was no means of dating the geological past with absolute certainty.  The age of the Earth was still open…
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    FiveThirtyEight » Science | FiveThirtyEight

  • Sweet, Sour, Salty, Bitter, Umami … And Fat?

    Anna Maria Barry-Jester
    20 Feb 2015 | 6:03 am
    Remember the tongue maps that showed where we perceive different tastes? Sweet on the tip, bitter in the back? The ones you can still find in textbooks across the country? They’re not accurate. We have receptors for all tastes spread around our tongues — for the tastes we know about, at least.To date, those include salty, sweet, sour, bitter and umami, the tongue-coating, pleasantly savory flavor most commonly associated with monosodium glutamate, or MSG. Umami was the most recent addition to the group, after unique receptors were identified in the early 2000s. Since then, scientists…
  • Your Brain Is Primed To Reach False Conclusions

    Christie Aschwanden
    17 Feb 2015 | 3:01 am
    Paul Offit likes to tell a story about how his wife, pediatrician Bonnie Offit, was about to give a child a vaccination when the kid was struck by a seizure. Had she given the injection a minute sooner, Paul Offit says, it would surely have appeared as though the vaccine had caused the seizure and probably no study in the world would have convinced the parent otherwise. (The Offits have such studies at the ready — Paul is the director of the Vaccine Education Center at the Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia and author of “Deadly Choices: How the Anti-Vaccine Movement Threatens…
  • The Fight To Save The Mighty Honeybee

    Carla Correa
    11 Feb 2015 | 8:00 am
    Perhaps you don’t like honey (and certainly you don’t enjoy being stung), but you should thank bees for the work they do and be worried about their fate. The 2.5 million colonies of honeybees in the United States help feed the country; female bees pollinate about $18 billion worth of crops every year. That’s about one in every three bites of food we eat.But there’s a threat to that system that director Steven Cantor chronicles in the latest short film in our “Collectors” series, “Beekeeper.” The film was accepted into the Sundance Film…
  • It’s Hard To Know Where Gluten Sensitivity Stops And The Placebo Effect Begins

    Emily Oster
    11 Feb 2015 | 3:33 am
    Thirty percent of Americans say they’re trying to reduce or eliminate gluten in their diets. But only about 1 percent of the population has an autoimmune response to gluten. Somewhere in that gap, a diet fad is thriving.There are two groups of people who should definitely avoid gluten: those diagnosed with wheat allergies and those who have celiac disease. The latter is more common, affecting about 1 percent of the population. The former affects perhaps 0.1 percent of people and is more common in children, who often grow out of it.What is less clear is whether there is another group of…
  • Another 34,000 People Are About To Put Their Future In the Hands Of An Algorithm

    Anna Maria Barry-Jester
    9 Feb 2015 | 3:04 am
    If you’re a medical student or recently became a doctor, no need to read further. I’ll be describing one of the most stressful and pivotal moments of your professional life, and you probably already know the gory details.For the rest of you, know this: Your future doctor could be among the more than 34,000 medical students whose fate is about to be handed over to an algorithm.Over the past couple of months, medical students have been interviewing for residency positions at hospitals around the country. But unlike traditional job interviews, there’s no offer at the end of these…
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    John Sims
    20 Feb 2015 | 1:00 pm
    Sir George Hubert Wilkins (1931) Firstly, the term ‘telepathy’ is not new. It was first used in 1882 by Frederic W.H. Myers, a founder of the Society for Psychical Research. So it’s been around a while. I’m not including ‘mediums’ in this article. I think that’s a slightly different field and should be dealt with in an article of its own. For the record though, I think it’s all bunkum until I find evidence to the contrary. I have to confess that I used to be sceptical about telepathy until I looked into it and it seems that there’s more to it than I thought. I was expecting…
  • Fecal Prints- An unexpected Solution?

    Ellie Pownall
    21 Jan 2015 | 12:06 pm
    Photo credit:Marcelo Terraza Microbes have dominated earth’s ecology for at least the past 3.5 billion years. They play a vital role in the planet’s carbon cycle by digesting organic matter. Fecal prints of microbes have the potential to carry vital information such as the planets temperature, greenhouse gas composition and how oxygen levels have changed through time. The fecal thatch[1] of other animals such as Beetle Larva (Hemisphaerota cyanea) helps to show scientists the steps of evolution throughout hundreds of year, Thomas and Maria Eisner found that “The Hemisphaerotalarva is…
  • The Hot Mountain

    Alakananda Mookerjee
    15 Jan 2015 | 9:21 am
    Back in the mid-1980s, I and my family had lived in Uganda for a while, in the very year president Milton Obote was overthrown by a military regime. Caught in the intermittent crossfire between the militia and government forces, we could easily have been hit by whizzing bullets. We were lucky. We were able to make it out of Kampala, the capital, safely, before it fell to the rebels. We’d escaped trouble by a whisker. But after having read Richard Preston’s “The Hot Zone, I began to wonder that dangerous as the coup d’état had been, it was a pathogen that could have proved far…
  • African Soil- The New Future?

    Ellie Pownall
    13 Jan 2015 | 10:16 am
    The 2014 Africa Progress Panel report presents the two faces of Africa: robust economic growth and continuing poverty.  The agricultural sector of Africa has always been an asset, with the large space’s to produce crops; agriculture contributes to 60% of all employment of Africa’s Labour force. Yet, because of low productivity the sector accounts for only 25% of the continents gross domestic product (GDP)[1]. However, Africa’s growth has been extremely rapid with Sub-Saharan Africa accounting for a six of the world’s 10 most rapidly growing economies[2]; it seems there is a…
  • Redesigning Life

    Ellie Pownall
    26 Dec 2014 | 2:28 pm
    Back in 2010, the Venter lab announced they had synthesized the entire set of DNA (with some changes) from the bacterium Mycoplasma mycoides in the lab. Even more remarkably, they transplanted this artificial genome into a different species of bacteria, Mycoplasma capricolum, and this bacterium was transformed into Mycoplasma mycoides. They had now essentially created life in the lab. This technology has improved even further seeing many great scientific achievements during 2014,  such as the comet landing in November, the vow against animal poaching, and the redesigning life scheme…
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    Draw Science


    Viputheshwar Sitaraman
    3 Feb 2015 | 10:54 am
    Viputheshwar SitaramanFounder, BloggerDraw Science.Article: Yuan, T., Ormonde, C., Kudlacek, S., Kunche, S., Smith, J., Brown, W., Pugliese, K., Olsen, T., Iftikhar, M., Raston, C., & Weiss, G. (2015). Shear-Stress-Mediated Refolding of Proteins from Aggregates and Inclusion Bodies ChemBioChem DOI: 10.1002/cbic.201402427

    Viputheshwar Sitaraman
    25 Jan 2015 | 2:36 pm
    Thomas CrouzierFounderConnected ResearchersViputheshwar SitaramanFounder, BloggerDraw Science.FigShare: Crouzier, Thomas; co, Julia (2014): Mucus, it's snot what you think. figshare.

    Viputheshwar Sitaraman
    21 Jan 2015 | 6:24 am
    Viputheshwar SitaramanFounder, BloggerDraw Science.Article: Genta, G. (2014). Private space exploration: A new way for starting a spacefaring society? Acta Astronautica, 104 (2), 480-486 DOI: 10.1016/j.actaastro.2014.04.008

    Viputheshwar Sitaraman
    4 Jan 2015 | 2:36 pm
    Viputheshwar SitaramanFounder, BloggerDraw Science.Article: Qiu, X., Wong, G., Audet, J., Bello, A., Fernando, L., Alimonti, J., Fausther-Bovendo, H., Wei, H., Aviles, J., Hiatt, E., Johnson, A., Morton, J., Swope, K., Bohorov, O., Bohorova, N., Goodman, C., Kim, D., Pauly, M., Velasco, J., Pettitt, J., Olinger, G., Whaley, K., Xu, B., Strong, J., Zeitlin, L., & Kobinger, G. (2014). Reversion of advanced Ebola virus disease in nonhuman primates with ZMapp Nature, 514 (7520), 47-53 DOI: 10.1038/nature13777[Full Text (PDF)]Labbé, C., & Labbé, D. (2012). Duplicate…

    Viputheshwar Sitaraman
    21 Dec 2014 | 11:35 pm
    Viputheshwar SitaramanFounder, BloggerDraw Science.Article: Collinger, J., Wodlinger, B., Downey, J., Wang, W., Tyler-Kabara, E., Weber, D., McMorland, A., Velliste, M., Boninger, M., & Schwartz, A. (2013). High-performance neuroprosthetic control by an individual with tetraplegia The Lancet, 381 (9866), 557-564 DOI: 10.1016/S0140-6736(12)61816-9
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    AweSci - Science Everyday

  • Colour Constancy and the Colour Changing Dress

    Anupum Pant
    27 Feb 2015 | 9:35 am
    By Anupum Pant For the last few days the internet has split into two factions. One, who see the dress (everyone knows which dress) as blue and black, while the people from the other group see gold and white. Well, it of course is blue and is kind of an illusion which this image explains the best. CGP Grey tweeted this, and he’s probably one of the most reasonable man on the internet. And then there was the ASAPscience’s video about Colour constancy –  a feature of the human colour perception system which ensures that the perceived colour of objects remains relatively…
  • Magnetic Grapes

    Anupum Pant
    26 Feb 2015 | 9:35 am
    By Anupum Pant Try this at home. Take two grapes, pierce them with a straw or wooden toothpick on both ends and try to balance the contraption from the middle part on a sharp edge. All of it to reduce friction – you get the idea… Now bring a strong magnet towards it, you’ll repel the grape. Try doing it with the other pole of the magnet. It still goes away. So are grapes magnetic? Well, intrinsically the grapes are not magnetized, but when you bring a strong magnet closer, it gets magnetized in the field of this magnet. Stronger  the magnet, more is the magnetization.
  • Surface Kills Bacteria on Contact

    Anupum Pant
    25 Feb 2015 | 9:35 am
    By Anupum Pant The toxic effect of metal ions on bacteria, known as the oligodynamic effect is being used almost everywhere – You’ve seen brass doorknobs in many public places, right? That’s one way for objects to kill bacteria. Other one might be this… In a study conducted by scientists in Spain and Australia, it is claimed that the wings of a cicada are made up of a biomaterial that has the ability to kill bacteria on contact. Instead of a toxic effect, these actually, according to the paper, kill bacteria by the physical morphology of the surface. The surface has…
  • The Cuttle Fish’s Camouflage

    Anupum Pant
    24 Feb 2015 | 9:35 am
    By Anupum Pant “Imagine an alien that could float through space with a giant brain shaped like a doughnut, eight arms on its head and three hearts pumping blue blood.” This thing that I’m talking about is no alien. It’s the cuttlefish – A flesh eating creature that can hide from predators pretty well. Of course octopus does it well, cuttle fish does it better! This interesting long documentary talks a lot about the kings of camouflage. You might want to check the first few minutes. The post The Cuttle Fish’s Camouflage appeared first on AweSci - Science…
  • Sleeping Better

    Anupum Pant
    23 Feb 2015 | 9:35 am
    By Anupum Pant Remember the time I talked about melatonin? Well, Dr. Wiseman tells us again, the art of good sleep. It all comes down to not looking at your smartphones, or any other screens, before going to bed. In fact, keep them away, or face down, even when they are on a shelf close to the bed. The post Sleeping Better appeared first on AweSci - Science Everyday.
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    OMNI Reboot

  • As You Know Bob – I Dont Exist

    Brett Davidson
    28 Feb 2015 | 11:00 am
    As You Know Bob the nature of consciousness is entrenched in mystery, leading some philosophers to conclude, "I don't exist." As you know Bob, I don’t exist – but I am, for all intents and purposes, immortal. You must have wondered many times of course just what is meant by the word ‘self’. Certainly there is conscious awareness, but where does that awareness stand? What is its platform? Personality, as we understand it, is a combination of memory and action – declarative memory of the sort that tells you that Paris is the capital of France and it is procedural memory that enables…
  • The Science Behind The Munchies

    Andrew Seel
    28 Feb 2015 | 9:00 am
    The munchies cause cannabis enthusiasts everywhere to reach for tasty snacks and scientists have identified why. It is a mystery that has perplexed cannabis enthusiasts since they gathered on the muddy fields of Woodstock—why does tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), the active compound in cannabis, cause smokers bellies to rumble? The answer is quite simple, and will come as no surprise to smokers who often find themselves halfway through a jar of Nutella in a comatose state. THC replaces naturally occurring chemicals in the brain, causing dramatic changes that enhance the sense of taste and smell.
  • Remembering Leonard Nimoy, The Indelible Mr. Spock

    Esther Kim
    27 Feb 2015 | 1:00 pm
    LEONARD NIMOY'S CONTRIBUTIONS TO SCI-FI WILL NOT FADE FROM OUR MEMORIES. Written By ESTHER KIM Esther is a Ph.D candidate in Philosophy/Science of Philosophy. She prefers not to philosophize during her free time, enjoys creating new muffin recipes, and obsesses over small puppies (specifically Huskies). Leonard Nimoy passed at the age of 83 from pulmonary disease, but his legacy as the superrational Mr. Spock will be nestled in our memories until the last galaxy flickers out of existence. While inseparable  from Star Trek, Nimoy's career was not confined to exploring new worlds. The…
  • OMNI Gallery Update: 27 February 2015

    Edward Simmons
    27 Feb 2015 | 11:00 am
    Edward Simmons Having worked for several exhibitions merging the universes of science and art, Simmons is no stranger to the beauty of nature. Simmons now works for OMNI Reboot as a freelance curator, allowing him to pursue his passion for natural photography.  FOLLOW OMNI REBOOT ON TWITTER OMNI GALLERY UPDATES: 27 February 2015 OMNI Reboot is dedicated to people passionate about the universe of sci-fi. Technology should be investigated, understood, scrutinized and loved. Art can tell a captivating story of the future the same way science fiction can. OMNI Reboot works to create an…
  • Fiction: The Mind Job

    David Hallquist
    27 Feb 2015 | 8:00 am
    In Mind Job privacy no longer exists, and thoughts are recorded for AI machines to pass judgment, but one detective searches for justice. Mind Job It was past midnight when Detective Jensen received a thought from the Mental Larceny Division. A mind jobber had been busted. The huge cache of stolen memories would have to be read, as well as the jobber's mind. The download would take days, but would likely lead to breakthroughs in several of her cases. She thought about what particular memories, people and places she was looking for more evidence on, and the computer recorded all faithfully.
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    Top stories

  • The danger of artificial stupidity

    28 Feb 2015 | 7:26 am
    It is not often that you are obliged to proclaim a much-loved international genius wrong, but in the alarming prediction made recently regarding Artificial Intelligence and the future of humankind, I believe Professor Stephen Hawking is. Well to be precise, being a theoretical physicist — in an echo of Schrödinger’s cat, famously both dead and alive at the same time — I believe the Professor is both wrong and right at the same time. Subject:  Artificial Intelligence
  • What are the bright spots on dwarf planet Ceres?

    27 Feb 2015 | 6:37 pm
    Dwarf planet Ceres continues to puzzle scientists as NASA's Dawn spacecraft gets closer to being captured into orbit around the object. The latest images from Dawn, taken nearly 29,000 miles (46,000 kilometers) from Ceres, reveal that a bright spot that stands out in previous images lies close to yet another bright area. Subject:  Astronomy/Cosmology
  • Researchers achieve 5G wireless speeds of 1Tbps

    27 Feb 2015 | 6:32 pm
    5G speeds of 1Tbps have been achieved during tests at the University of Surrey, far in excess of anything before. Professor Rahim Tafazolli, director of the 5G Innovation Centre (5GIC) at the university, told V3 that it was the first time in the world that such speeds had been achieved, far faster than any other tests such as Samsung's 7.5Gbps results. He explained that the 5GIC has been working on new technologies to support 5G services, which have been instrumental in producing the 1Tbps results. Subject:  Technology
  • Robust scientific evidence that chronic fatigue syndrome is a biological illness

    27 Feb 2015 | 3:03 pm
    Researchers at the Center for Infection and Immunity at Columbia University's Mailman School of Public Health identified distinct immune changes in patients diagnosed with chronic fatigue syndrome, known medically as myalgic encephalomyelitis (ME/CFS) or systemic exertion intolerance disease. The findings could help improve diagnosis and identify treatment options for the disabling disorder, in which symptoms range from extreme fatigue and difficulty concentrating to headaches and muscle pain. Subject:  Health & Medicine
  • Ultra-small bacteria found at the lower size limit of life

    27 Feb 2015 | 2:41 pm
    Scientists have captured the first detailed microscopy images of ultra-small bacteria that are believed to be about as small as life can get. The research was led by scientists from the U.S. Department of Energy's Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory and the University of California, Berkeley. The existence of ultra-small bacteria has been debated for two decades, but there hasn't been a comprehensive electron microscopy and DNA-based description of the microbes until now. Subject:  Biology & Aging
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    The Vision Times » Science

  • Here’s How the Eiffel Tower Is Going Green

    Troy Oakes
    28 Feb 2015 | 1:00 pm
    The Eiffel tower has turned to renewable energy; it has installed two vertical axis wind turbines as part of its high profile renovation project. The Eiffel Tower in Paris. (Image: Wikimedia Commons) Urban Green Energy (UGE), a US-based renewables specialist, announced that the two turbines they fitted would deliver 10,000KWh of power every year. This is the same amount of power used by the commercial area on the first floor of the tower. UGE VisionAIR5 turbines installed on the Eiffel Tower. (Image: UGE) The two UGE VisionAIR5 turbines have been painted grey to match the tower and are…
  • Scientists Find a New Way to Store Oxygen

    Troy Oakes
    28 Feb 2015 | 4:00 am
    A lot of people enjoy scuba diving around the world. Imagine if you didn’t need air tanks and you could stay underwater for longer periods. Well, researchers have found a new material that can gather the oxygen from the water around you. Just one bucketful of this crystalline material that scientists created can pull the oxygen out of a room, and then release the oxygen wherever it is needed. It’s being called the Aquaman Crystal, and it offers a range of applications. Scuba diving raining. (Image: CC0 Public Domain) “This could be valuable for lung patients who today must…
  • What Do the Sahara Desert and the Amazon Have in Common?

    Troy Oakes
    27 Feb 2015 | 3:00 pm
    The Amazon rainforest is in the northeast of South America and is a dense humid jungle, while the Sahara Desert is a mass of a nearly uninterrupted band of sand that lays on the northern part of Africa. When strong winds move across the Sahara, a huge cloud of dust rises in the air, then stretches between each of the continents. That is what connects the two—dust, lots of it. A NASA satellite for the first time has quantified in three dimensions the dust that is moving across the Atlantic. Scientists have also been able to calculate how much phosphorus from the desert’s ancient lake bed…
  • 10,000-Year-Old Baby Woolly Rhino Carcass Found

    Troy Oakes
    27 Feb 2015 | 5:00 am
    A baby woolly rhino aged at least 10,000 years old has been discovered by a hunter. The extinct creature was found in the Siberian permafrost, and is the first juvenile of the species to be found in that area. It is so well preserved that its fleece is still intact. Scientists believe it was about 18 months old when it died. “The find is absolutely unique. We can count a number of adult woolly rhinos found around the world on fingers of one hand. A baby rhino was never found before,” Albert Protopopov, the head of the Mammoth Fauna Department of Sakha Republic Academy of Sciences, told…
  • 198 Reports of a Fireball Moving Across Western U.S. Skies

    Troy Oakes
    26 Feb 2015 | 11:30 am
    There have been at least 198 reports of a fireball moving across the skies over Western U.S. “The fiery object was part of a Chinese rocket that was used to launch a satellite into space,” according to NASA’s Orbital Debris Program Office. Was this an extraterrestrial anomaly or satellite in the western skies? People could see it from Arizona to Canada. The easiest way to work out if it’s a meteorite or space junk is how fast it’s going and the duration of the event, said Seth Jarvis, director of Clark Planetarium. “The give away is that it was slow,” said Jarvis.
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    Evolution Talk

  • Robert Chambers

    Rick Coste
    23 Feb 2015 | 2:14 am
    Evolution Talk Evolution Talk - The Oldest Story Ever Told Robert Chambers' masterpiece was titled 'Vestiges of the Natural History of Creation'. In it he explained how everything evolved. Everything from simple, less complex forms, to more complex forms over time. The post Robert Chambers appeared first on Evolution Talk.
  • The Case of Patrick Matthew

    Rick Coste
    16 Feb 2015 | 2:46 am
    Evolution Talk Evolution Talk - The Oldest Story Ever Told Patrick Matthew published 'On Naval Timber and Arboriculture' in 1831. There were a few positive reviews but they were somewhat tepid in their praise. Only a couple reviewers happened to notice something else that Matthew had mentioned in his book. A certain passage that appeared in the book’s appendix. This passage would would later catch the eyes of Charles Darwin. The post The Case of Patrick Matthew appeared first on Evolution Talk.
  • The Work of WC Wells

    Rick Coste
    9 Feb 2015 | 2:20 am
    Evolution Talk Evolution Talk - The Oldest Story Ever Told William Charles Wells, in no uncertain terms, pointed out that mankind is not immune to nature’s ability to modify an organism's features over time. The post The Work of WC Wells appeared first on Evolution Talk.
  • Unlucky Lamarck

    Rick Coste
    2 Feb 2015 | 3:03 am
    Evolution Talk Evolution Talk - The Oldest Story Ever Told Jean Baptiste Lamarck's mechanism for evolution was wrong, as history shows, and that fact has haunted his memory ever since. But ideas and theories have ways of being resurrected and, in recent years, there are hints out there that Lamarck wasn’t completely off base when he proposed his theory for the evolution of species. The post Unlucky Lamarck appeared first on Evolution Talk.
  • Erasmus Darwin

    Rick Coste
    26 Jan 2015 | 2:33 am
    Evolution Talk Evolution Talk - The Oldest Story Ever Told Erasmus was a country physician. He believed that women should have access to the same education that men did, and that slavery should be abolished. He also believed that life evolved from a single filament that wiggled out of the mud in the distant past. The post Erasmus Darwin appeared first on Evolution Talk.
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    Arivu Dose - அறிவு டோஸ்

  • இந்திய இல்லதரசிகளிடம் இருக்கும் தங்கத்தின் மதிப்பு

    Niroshan Thillainathan
    26 Feb 2015 | 7:00 pm
    வீட்டில் எந்த விசேஷமாக இருந்தாலும் சரி, முதலில் தங்க நகைகளை வாங்குவதில் தான் வீட்டிலுள்ளவர்கள் கவனத்தினை செலுத்துவார்கள். அதில் தான் மதிப்புள்ளது எனவும் எண்ணுகிறார்கள். இது இந்தியா முழுவதும் பரவியுள்ள எண்ணங்களில்…
  • பூனைகளைப் பற்றி தெரியாத பல விஷயங்கள்

    Niroshan Thillainathan
    22 Feb 2015 | 7:00 pm
    பூனைகளைப் பலர் வீட்டுப் பிராணியாக வளர்ப்பதுண்டு, ஆனால் இந்தப் பூனைகளைப் பற்றி பலருக்குத் தெரியாத சில சுவாரசியமான தகவல்களைத் தெரிந்துகொள்ளப் போரீர்களா? அப்படி என்றால், கண்டிப்பாக இந்த அறிவு டோஸைப் படியுங்கள் நண்பர்களே!
  • அவதார் படத்தில் வந்த உயிரினங்கள்

    Niroshan Thillainathan
    18 Feb 2015 | 7:00 pm
    ஜேம்ஸ் கேமரூனின் ‘அவதார்’ திரைப்படத்தினை மறக்கவே முடியாது. அந்தளவிற்கு மனித கற்பனையினை திரையில் காட்டிய படம் அது. ஆனால் அது போன்ற உயிரினங்கள் ஏற்கனவே உலகில் வாழ்ந்துள்ளது என்றால் உங்களால் நம்ப முடிகிறதா? ஆம்.
  • பொய்யான வானவில்

    Niroshan Thillainathan
    10 Feb 2015 | 7:00 pm
    பள்ளிப்பருவத்தில் வானவில்லின் ஏழு நிறங்களையும் மனதில் வைக்க “Roy G. Biv” அல்லது “VIBGYOR” என்றெல்லாம் ஞாபகம் வைத்திருப்போம். இதன் பொருள் ஊதா, இண்டிகோ, நீலம், பச்சை, மஞ்சள், ஆரஞ்சு மற்றும் சிவப்பு என ஏதாவது […] The post பொய்யான வானவில்…
  • தன்னைத்தானே திரவமாக்கிக் கொள்ளும் கடலட்டை

    Niroshan Thillainathan
    6 Feb 2015 | 7:00 pm
    ஒவ்வொரு உயிரினமும் மற்ற உயிர்களிடம் இருந்து தன்னைக் காத்துக்கொள்வதற்கு வித்தியாசமான வழிமுறைகளை மேற்கொள்ளும். அப்போதுதான் அவை தொடர்ந்து வாழ முடியும். இதே போல்தான் கடலட்டையும் தன்னை மற்ற விலங்குகளிடம் இருந்து…
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  • Augustynolophus morrisi, A Paleo Profile

    Brian Switek
    25 Feb 2015 | 8:31 pm
    The skull of Augustynolophus morrisi on display at the Natural History Museum of Los Angeles. Photo by Brian Switek. Name: Augustynolophus morrisi Meaning: Augustynolophus is a combination that honours Gretchen Augustyn, a long-time supporter of the Natural History Museum of Los Angeles‘ paleontology program, and refers to the Saurolophini dinosaur tribe, while morrisi is was coined for paleontologist William J. Morris. Age: Between 72 and 66 million years old. Where in the world?: The Moreno Formation of California. What sort of critter?: A hadrosaur belonging to a small-crested…
  • Qijianglong guokr, a Paleo Profile

    Brian Switek
    19 Feb 2015 | 3:27 pm
    A quarry map showing the known remains of Qijianglong guokr. From Xing et al., 2015. Name: Qijianglong guokr Meaning: The name Qijianglong is a combination of Qijiang – the district where the fossils were found – and the Chinese word for dragon. The species name guokr references a science social network that supported the project. Age: Between 160 and 145 million years ago. Where in the world?: The Suining Formation of central China. What sort of critter?: A sauropod dinosaur closely related to Mamenchisaurus. Size: Approximately 50 feet long. How much of the creature’s…
  • Nundasuchus songeaensis, a Paleo Profile

    Brian Switek
    16 Feb 2015 | 5:15 pm
    A reconstruction of Nundasuchus, showing some of the known remains. From Nesbitt et al., 2014. Name: Nundasuchus songeaensis Meaning: Nundasuchus is a combination of the Swahili word for predator and the Greek word for crocodile, while songeaensis refers to the town of Songea, Tanzania, near where the fossils were found. Age: Triassic, about 245 million years old Where in the world?: The Manda Beds of Tanzania What sort of critter?: Not a dinosaur, but an early archosaur that may be more closely related to crocodiles. Size: About nine feet long. How much of the creature’s body is…
  • Dearcmhara shawcrossi, a Paleo Profile

    Brian Switek
    12 Feb 2015 | 8:58 am
    Dearcmhara, illustrated by Todd Marshall. Name: Dearcmhara shawcrossi Meaning: Dearcmhara (pronounced “jark vara”) is the Scottish Gaelic word for “marine lizard”, while shawcrossi honours Brian Shawcross – an amateur collector who found the fossil and donated it to a museum. Age: Jurassic, about 170 million years old. Where in the world?: Found at Bearreraig Bay, Scotland. What sort of critter?: Not a dinosaur, but a species of fish-like marine reptile called an ichthyosaur. Size: Around 14 feet long. How much of the ichthyosaur’s body is known?: An upper…
  • Save Dippy?

    Brian Switek
    9 Feb 2015 | 9:21 am
    Nothing causes an uproar quite like a dinosaur. Late last month London’s Natural History Museum announced that they’ll soon be freeing their famous Diplodocus cast “Dippy” from her frame to wander elsewhere – replacing her with the skeleton of an even more massive creature, the blue whale. Expert opinion generally fell in favor of this new arrangement. Dippy has had pride of place in the museum’s Hintze Hall for 35 years, the argument goes, and it’s time for a new museum mascot to capture the imaginations of visitors. Not to mention that huge whales…
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    The Bigfoot Field Reporter

  • Valley of the Sasquatch

    26 Feb 2015 | 9:24 am
    Contact: John Portanova FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE Phone: (360) 689-5492 Email: NEW FILM ‘VALLEY OF THE SASQUATCH’ TAKES INSPIRATION FROM REAL LIFE BIGFOOT ENCOUNTERS Seattle, WA –February 24th, 2015– The new horror film Valley of the Sasquatch recently began its film festival run with a world premiere last weekend at the Nevermore Film Festival in North Carolina. But for writer/director John Portanova, the process of bringing this story of a fractured family battling a tribe of angry Sasquatch to life was years in the making. “Growing up I spent most of my free…
  • Exists

    20 Feb 2015 | 6:40 pm
    I just finished watching the movie Exists. I was not expecting the level of intensity that this movie delivered. The story was great! Not just your typical teen slasher movie…..I highly recommend this film. Wow…Mind Blown The costume was superb!
  • BIGFOOT A layman’s viewpoint on the phenomenon By Vincent Spada

    10 Feb 2015 | 8:15 am
    Science, especially in the last 100 years, has solved a great many mysteries. Health, technology, nature. In short, questions have been answered. Smallpox is now a memory from the past, and human cloning seems likely. One day a woolly mammoth may lumber past your door, brought back from extinction through its DNA. Whether or not these events actually occur, one thing is absolutely certain: The world is learning more. Finding out about things. However, intelligent as we are, we cannot know everything. To even hint at such an accomplishment is beyond arrogance. For every single fact we cement,…
  • Mountain Devil Bigfoot Research

    5 Feb 2015 | 6:01 pm
    I was invited by my friend Dax Rushlow to go Bigfoot hunting on snowmobiles in New Hampshire. I hadn’t had an adventure for awhile so I took him up on his offer. Let me tell you, when Dax says he knows where the Bigfoot are, you best believe him! I arrived at the airport late on Thursday and Dax was there to pick me up. We went back to his house where he had a nice bottle of wine waiting for me and his wife had bought some pizza for us. We chatted for awhile then crashed for the evening. We got up and out the next morning for our 4 hour drive up to the White Mountains. Driving up…
  • Leominster, Massachussetts 1987

    30 Oct 2014 | 10:31 am
    I just received this Bigfoot witness report from the late 80’s Observed: Around May-June 1987,*******and myself were bass fishing in a little hole called Weekie Peekie,About 2am,we decided to relocate due to no action in said hole,.My jon boat was rigged in a way that it slid into the back of my Plymouth wagon(open the rear hatch,toss a strap and off we go) so,we got the boat out of the lake,I had the stearn ***** had the bow,we had to get the boat from the water to the road through the trees(approx.500 yds) very dark nite. Something off to my right sounds off with this scream that…
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  • How do Omega-3 fatty acids work ?

    The Toombst
    27 Feb 2015 | 7:43 am
    ByThe Toombst Do Omega-3 supplementation reduce the risk of heart disease and stroke ? Let’s start by taking a look at the history and mode of action. How do Omega-3 fatty acids work ? This article is based on two review articles, One published in the European Heart Journal in 2012 and one published in Current Cardiovascular Risk Rep in 2014. Essential fatty acids were discovered way back in 1929. The discovery showed that certain fatty acids couldn’t be produced by the human body, they had to be ingested in order to be used by the body. These essential fatty acids could This is a…
  • Common Food Additives Linked to Obesity and IBD

    The Toombst
    26 Feb 2015 | 7:01 am
    ByThe Toombst Common food additives linked to obesity and IBD: New research finds that food additives used as preservatives and emulsifiers can cause inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) and obesity in mice. Emulsifiers are food additives used to suspend two different fluids, like fat and water, preventing them from separating. These additives also improve shelf life of food acting as a preservative. New research finds these common food additives linked to obesity and IBD by changing the population of gut bacteria. Common Food Additives Linked to Obesity and IBD The research was published in the…
  • Brainwaves can Predict the Success of Movies

    The Toombst
    25 Feb 2015 | 11:28 am
    ByThe Toombst New study combines two awesome things: Movies and Science! The research finds that brainwaves can predict a movie’s success better than surveys. Many, me included, have watched an awesome movie trailer and felt the entire emotional range from awe to sadness depending on the themes explored. Movie marketers would love to get a closer look at what processes decide your willingness to pay to see a movie in the theater. New research from the American Marketing Association find that EEG readings of people watching a movie trailer can determine how much a viewer likes a movie…
  • Graphene Oxide Neutralizes Cancer Stem Cells

    The Toombst
    25 Feb 2015 | 4:12 am
    ByThe Toombst A “super” material might be useful in other areas than engineering or electronics. New research finds that graphene oxide neutralizes cancer stem cells. Cancer stem cells, CSCs, are the horrifying equivalent to “normal” stem cells. These cancer cells have the ability to form many different types of cancers. The CSCs can survive anti-cancer treatments causing a relapse of cancer or form metastases that spreads malignant cells to other parts of the body. Developing treatments that targets CSCs could help improve survival and quality of life of cancer patients. One such…
  • Mussels and Muscles: Supplement Reduces Exercise Muscle Damage

    The Toombst
    24 Feb 2015 | 12:41 pm
    ByThe Toombst   New research finds that a marine oil supplement reduces exercise muscle damage in untrained male subjects. Go into a sports nutrition store and you’ll see mountains of supplements that supposedly help you recover and perform better. Many of these products have questionable or non-existing scientific evidence to support the claims made or simply word claims vaguely to avoid liability. In this mountain there are supplements with measurable positive effects. New research from Indiana University find that a marine oil supplement reduces exercise muscle damage. Marine…
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    Secondhand Science

  • Zinc Finger

    22 Feb 2015 | 2:57 pm
    What I’ve Learned: “Zinc finger: When you’re a protein, it’s good to get the finger.” Frogs have given us many things over the years. There’s Kermit the Frog. And… uh, frog legs. And Froggy, from the Little Rascals. So, three things. Frogs have given us three things. But it turns out there’s a fourth: frogs have also given us the finger. Which is nice. That’s because the finger in question is something called a “zinc finger”, an important motif in many useful proteins, and it was first identified in a species of African clawed…
  • Ionizing Radiation

    15 Feb 2015 | 8:51 pm
    What I’ve Learned: “Ionizing radiation: Hide your electrons, ’cause they ionizin’ everybody out here.” Science is hard. Even when something in science sounds straightforward, it usually isn’t. And mostly it doesn’t sound straightforward at all. Even the names of scientific concepts are hard. Like “endoplasmic reticulum”. That’s just a jumble of Scrabble tiles, no matter how you break it down. Or “Schwarzschild radius”, which sounds like part of an equation you’d use to calculate how much cream cheese you’ll…
  • Kleptoplasty

    8 Feb 2015 | 8:57 pm
    What I’ve Learned: “Kleptoplasty: the five-fingered photosynthetic discount.” They say humans are what we eat. It seems to be at least figuratively true, as there are an awful lot of people who resemble walking stacks of lunch meat. In the past, some cultures have decided to take the phrase more literally. Warrior tribesmen might eat the heart or brain of fallen foes to gain their power, strength and knowledge. (Which frankly doesn’t seem particularly efficient. I mean, if those enemies had been smarter, stronger or more powerful, maybe they wouldn’t be the ones…
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  • Peliculas de miedo buenas

    28 Feb 2015 | 9:44 am
    ¿Haz estado buscando peliculas de miedo buenas, algo que te haga saltar de tu silla, o que no te dejen dormir tranquilo de noche? Según algunos comentarios en los trailers estás son peliculas de mucho miedo, algunos dicen que puede que sean de las mejores que se hayan hecho.Aquí le dejo la lista de algunas de las mejores peliculas de miedo recomendadas por nuestra web, obviamente no están todas y hay muchos gustos con respecto a este tipo de películas, pero estas son algunas de las más reconocidas en el cine de terror.ShutterSinopsis:Avanzada la noche, en una carretera rural, Tun y…
  • 3 hombres se ponen en el rol de una mama embarazada por 1 mes, mira lo que pasa

    28 Feb 2015 | 6:00 am
    Steven Hanson, Jonny Biggins y Jason Bramley (Todos en la mitad de sus 40) decidieron en honor a sus madres y a Anna Jarvos la fundadora de Día de la Madre, experimentar lo que estar estar embarazados. Por 10 días han estado vistiendo prendas que pesan en total 15kg, y han comenzando a causarles dolores y a afectar sus estados de ánimo. Los 3 hombres decidieron llevarlo por 1 mes y documentar su experiencia.Para Jason Bramley esta tarea ha sido más difícil ya que su esposa y su bebe de 10 meses se fueron, dejándolo como un papá embarazado soltero. Después del primer fin de…
  • Un turista nos muestra su travesía por todo Japón a través del lente de su cámara

    28 Feb 2015 | 5:00 am
    Un turista nos muestra su travesía en Japón a través del lente de su cámara, como cuenta más adelante tomo fotos a todo lo que veía, es una experiencia maravillosa, y no olvidemos que las mejores fotos quedan en nuestra mente.Uno de mis sueños desde niño fue visitar y explorar japón. Es por eso que este año decidí tomar mi mochila, mi cámara y explorar las bellezas de Japón, y bastantes maravillas encontré.Como es de esperarse, Japón es un país muy diverso. Puedes encontrar un pequeño y hermoso templo en medio de los edificios gigantes de Tokio. También puedes encontrar una…
  • 12 de la mas asombrosas fotografías del 2015, Realmente impactantes cada una

    28 Feb 2015 | 4:00 am
    Esta son algunas de las mejores fotografías del concurso Sony World Photography Awards  que se lleva a cabo este 2015.En este concurso se reúnen las mejores fotografías hechas por profesionales y aficionados de todo el mundo y se exhiben en una colección épica que reúne las mejores fotografías del año. La lista para la competencia de este 2015 reúne alguna de las fotografías más impactantes en cada categoría.La competencia ha recibido una cifra récord de 173.444 imágenes de 171 países, un 24% más que en el año anterior. El ganador del concurso recibirá un total de…
  • La vida secreta de los superheroes de juguete, muy interesante

    28 Feb 2015 | 3:00 am
    Edy Hardjo es el encargado de esta galería de fotos donde nos demuestra que los juguetes no son solo para los niños, y pone a nuestros superheroes favoritos en posiciones divertidas y en ocasiones bastante comprometedoras.Antes de poner las figuras en las posiciones correctas, remueve algunos de sus accesorios y en ocasiones utiliza photoshop para darle un toque un poco más realista. Para alguien que toma fotografías solo como hobbie ciertamente realiza un trabajo genial.En un entrevista dijo "Utilizo mi experiencia como fuente diaria de inspiración... Todo lo que hago es…
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    Much Bigger Outside

  • Please, Turn On All Your Electronic Devices

    Mario Barbatti
    21 Feb 2015 | 11:10 pm
    I’m writing this post from a Bangkok-Dubai flight. It’s a 6 hours trip in a brand new giant Airbus 380. We have in-flight Internet. Slow, but functional. This is the way to go. Economy is stagnated in most of the world. There are micro actions that could probably help if not revert, at least to alleviate this situation. One of them is to reduce dead times when people can’t produce or consume. Airports and flights are a deep holes of such dead times. In-flight Internet is still rare. Same about phone calls. Most of time, it isn’t due to technical issues. It’s…
  • News from Thailand

    Mario Barbatti
    15 Feb 2015 | 12:14 am
    No insightful post this week. I’m in Thailand. But it’s hard work: I’ll deliver three talks in three different universities in four days. MB
  • The Making of an Image without a Soul

    Mario Barbatti
    8 Feb 2015 | 12:50 am
    It’s one month since we watched perplexed the terrorist attacks at the Charlie Hebdo. What have we learned since then? Are we still Charlie? As you probably know, the cover of the first post-attack edition of the Charlie Hebdo featured a caricature of Mohamed, the prophet, dropping a tear, holding a “Je suis Charlie” sign, and standing under the phrase “Tout est pardonné” (Everything is forgiven). Over that cover, thousands protested in Islamic counties, Cristian churches were burned, a dozen died somewhere in Africa. This made me think of how amazing the power…
  • The Crooked Lines of Mr. Newton

    Mario Barbatti
    25 Jan 2015 | 12:07 am
    Newton created his mechanics as something between an anti-atheist manifest and a treat of theology. Poor Sir Isaac, he had no idea he was gifting civilization with a major contribution to a godless world. Most of people think of space as an empty volume where things stand. Take all things out, the space would still be there. René Descartes wasn’t most of people. For him, space was only a relation between things, with no existence whatsoever. Thus, motion is always relative, as there is no absolute space framing the world. Moreover, Descartes believed that the universe was composed of…
  • The Science of “The End and the Life”

    Mario Barbatti
    10 Jan 2015 | 11:25 pm
    In the last post, I wrote a short fictional dialogue, where two colleagues, Edwin and Friedrich, discussed possible scenarios for the future of the universe. In this post, I want to come back to that topic to explore a bit of the science behind those ideas. 1. Cyclic Universe and Eternal Return The first scenario, proposed by Friedrich, was a cyclic universe with eternal return. Eternal return was a relatively popular concept in the 19th century. We find Nietzsche, Boltzmann, Poincaré, and other less shinning names–Dühring, Blanqui, Le Bon, Heine–speculating about it. The idea…
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    Spin and Tonic

  • How Reproductive is Your Professor?

    Duncan Parkes
    24 Feb 2015 | 11:51 am
    Few of us will be surprised to hear that the academic job market is hugely competitive. What is surprising is how this paper uses techniques... The post How Reproductive is Your Professor? appeared first on Spin and Tonic.
  • Maxwell’s Equations – Let There Be Light!

    Duncan Parkes
    22 Feb 2015 | 9:29 am
    Maxwell’s Equations Maxwell’s equations, just like spintronics itself, involve understanding and combining electricity and magnetism. Unsurprisingly then, Maxwell’s equations come up in spintronics research time... The post Maxwell’s Equations – Let There Be Light! appeared first on Spin and Tonic.
  • What Place for Spintronics in the Future of Computing?

    Duncan Parkes
    19 Feb 2015 | 11:16 am
    How sure is the future of spintronics? In field of spintronics, we can often be very sure of ourselves about what role we play in... The post What Place for Spintronics in the Future of Computing? appeared first on Spin and Tonic.
  • AMR – The Start of Something Special

    Duncan Parkes
    16 Feb 2015 | 1:00 am
    William Thomson – The Father of Spintronics? This paper from 1856 helped trigger the entire field of spintronics – but you’d be forgiven for not... The post AMR – The Start of Something Special appeared first on Spin and Tonic.
  • Fundamental Theory of Spintronics

    Stuart Bowe
    11 Feb 2015 | 1:00 am
    Fundamental Theory of Spintronics This week we look at some fundamental theory of spintronics. In this interview with Professor Hiroshi Kohno, from Osaka University, in... The post Fundamental Theory of Spintronics appeared first on Spin and Tonic.
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