• Most Topular Stories

  • Smart desk moves you between sitting and standing throughout the day

    Technology feed
    Megan Treacy
    26 Jan 2015 | 4:00 am
    The high tech answer to keeping you moving while working.
  • 33.5 Inches of Snow and its impact

    Midwest Labs Blog | Omaha, Nebraska
    Pohlman Brent
    27 Jan 2015 | 9:14 pm
    Check out this news clip from the Boston Massachusetts area regarding today’s snow storm. See for yourself what 33.5 inches of snow looks like. Here is another story that looks at this storm and its impact along the east coast. Some incredible footage here. photo credit: praetoriansentry via photopin cc
  • Material Developed to Prevent Li-Ion Battery Fires

    Science and Enterprise
    28 Jan 2015 | 11:21 am
    The aramid-nanofiber membrane is stable at high temperatures and resists igniting, even when subjected to a direct flame. (Joseph Xu, University of Michigan) 28 January 2015. Materials scientists and engineers at University of Michigan designed a new material to better protect lithium-ion batteries from starting fires like the kind on Boeing 787 Dreamliners. The team from the lab of engineering professor Nicholas Kotov published its findings yesterday in the journal Nature Communications (paid subscription required). Kotov and first author Siu-On Tung are principals in the spin-off company…
  • Extrasolar Gas Giants Can Become Potentially Habitable Super-Earths, Say Scientists

    Breaking Science News |
    29 Jan 2015 | 12:10 pm
    Two phenomena known to inhibit the potential habitability of planets – tidal forces and vigorous stellar activity – could combine to transform uninhabitable gas giants into potentially habitable terrestrial planets, says a group of scientists led by Rodrigo Luger from the University of Washington, Seattle. Most of the stars in the Milky Way Galaxy are [...]
  • McDonalds – Behind the Counter

    Midwest Labs Blog | Omaha, Nebraska
    Pohlman Brent
    29 Jan 2015 | 7:56 pm
    You have to see this news story regarding McDonald’s. Are you aware that each bun has 360 sesame seeds on it. Hamburgers are grilled by a machine and can produce a final product in 38 seconds. The goal is to serve clients their food in less than 60 seconds. It is a really interesting look […]
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  • This is how phishing scams trick you

    Patricia Donovan-Buffalo
    30 Jan 2015 | 6:16 am
    After all the warnings, how do people still fall for email “phishing” scams? New research shows how certain strategies on the part of the scammers can affect recipients’ thinking and increase their chances of falling victim. “Information-rich” emails include graphics, logos, and other brand markers that communicate authenticity, says study coauthor Arun Vishwanath, professor of communication at the University at Buffalo. “In addition,” he says, “the text is carefully framed to sound personal, arrest attention, and invoke fear. It often will…
  • Is this kid too young for football?

    Barbara Moran-Boston University
    30 Jan 2015 | 6:03 am
    As the 100 million viewers tuning in to this Sunday’s Super Bowl can attest, Americans adore football. And for many, the love affair begins in childhood. But a new study points to a possible increased risk of cognitive impairment from playing youth football. Researchers from Boston University School of Medicine found that former National Football League (NFL) players who participated in tackle football before the age of 12 are more likely to have memory and thinking problems as adults. The study contradicts conventional wisdom that children’s more plastic brains might recover from…
  • Globalization’s first wave wasn’t all positive

    Tracy Evans-Warwick
    30 Jan 2015 | 5:21 am
    150 years ago, the steamship made international trade possible for many countries. Only a few countries benefited from this first wave of globalization, however. Most ended up worse-off, according to a new study. This is proof that international trade doesn’t automatically lead to economic prosperity, says Luigi Pascali, a professor of economics in the Centre for Competitive Advantage in the Global Economy (CAGE) at the University of Warwick. Until the mid-1800s, the distribution of goods around the world was determined by sailing vessels, which relied on global wind patterns to get from…
  • ‘Parasitic’ genes let mammals evolve pregnancy

    Kevin Jiang-U. Chicago
    30 Jan 2015 | 5:18 am
    Transposons, also called “jumping genes,” were a key part of the evolution of pregnancy among mammals, report scientists. They found thousands of genes that evolved to be expressed in the uterus in early mammals, including many that are important for maternal-fetal communication and suppression of the immune system. “…I guess we owe the evolution of pregnancy to what are effectively genomic parasites” Surprisingly, these genes appear to have been recruited and repurposed from other tissue types by transposons—ancient mobile genetic elements sometimes thought of…
  • These 2 genes trigger deadly ovarian cancer

    Mark Derewicz-UNC
    29 Jan 2015 | 12:05 pm
    By creating the first mouse model of aggressive ovarian cancer, researchers say they may have uncovered a better way to diagnose and treat it. “It’s an extremely aggressive model of the disease, which is how this form of ovarian cancer presents in women,” says study leader Terry Magnuson, a professor and chair of genetics at the UNC School of Medicine. Magnuson’s team discovered how two genes interact to trigger the cancer and then spur on its development. Not all mouse models of human diseases provide accurate depictions of the human condition. Magnuson’s mouse…
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    Science 2.0

  • Calculating The Future Of Solar-fuel Refineries

    News Staff
    29 Jan 2015 | 11:10 pm
    The process of converting the sun's energy into liquid fuels requires a sophisticated, interrelated series of choices but a solar refinery is especially tricky to map out because the designs involve newly developed or experimental technologies. This makes it difficult to develop realistic plans that are economically viable and energy efficient. In a paper recently published in the journal Energy & Environmental Science, a team led by University of Wisconsin-Madison chemical and biological engineering Professors Christos Maravelias and George Huber outlined a tool to help engineers better…
  • Genetic Links To Size Of Brain Structures Discovered

    News Staff
    29 Jan 2015 | 11:10 pm
    Five genetic variants that influence the size of structures within the human brain have been discovered by an international team that included a Georgia State University researcher. In the study led by Drs. Sarah Medland, Margie Wright, Nick Martin and Paul Thompson of the QIMR Berghofer Medical Research Institute in Australia, nearly 300 researchers analyzed genetic data and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scans from 30,717 individuals from around the world. They evaluated genetic data from seven subcortical brain regions (nucleus accumbens, caudate, putamen, pallidum, amygdala, hippocampus…
  • Optically Getting To The Same Side: How To Generating Möbius Strips Of Light

    News Staff
    29 Jan 2015 | 2:48 pm
    A collaboration of researchers have experimentally produced Möbius strips from the polarization of light, confirming a theoretical prediction that it is possible for light's electromagnetic field to assume this peculiar shape. Möbius strips are easy to create, of course. Millions of school children do it in classrooms every year by taking a strip of paper, twisting it once and joining up the ends. That's it, you have created a Möbius strip: a three dimensional structure that has only one side. But finding Möbius strips occurring naturally is another issue. read more
  • Subliminal: Ads Are Effective Even While Multitasking

    News Staff
    29 Jan 2015 | 12:49 pm
    Those video ads playing in the corner of your computer screen, in the midst of your multitasking, may have more impact than you realize. They may be as effective as the ads you're really watching, such as those during the Super Bowl, says a University of Illinois researcher. It depends on how you perceive and process media content - whether your processing "style" is to focus more on one thing or to take it all in, according to Brittany Duff, a professor in Illinois' Charles H. Sandage Department of Advertising. read more
  • Extended Telomeres Slow Cell Aging

    News Staff
    29 Jan 2015 | 12:27 pm
    Will extending telomeres lead to longer, healthier lives? Researchers have taken a step toward answering this question by developing a new treatment used in the laboratory that extends telomeres. One of the key aspects of aging is the shortening of telomeres over time. Telomeres, which serve as protective "end caps" for chromosomes, help keep DNA healthy and functioning as it replicates. Unfortunately, these protective end caps become shorter with each DNA replication, and eventually are no longer able to protect DNA from sustaining damage and mutations. In other words, we get older. read…
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  • Predictive text: Darwin’s computers

    David Bradley
    21 Jan 2015 | 1:05 am
    Charles Darwin’s IBM computers There are lots of quotes around attributed to the great and the good throughout the years, but often these are anything but direct quotes and in some cases turn out to have far more intriguing origins. For example, the quote often attributed to Thomas John Watson, Sr. (1874–1956) who was chairman and CEO of International Business Machines (IBM) in 1943 had him as saying: “I think there is a world market for maybe five computers.” There are no recorded speeches nor documents that providence evidence for this as a quote from Watson. Indeed, the…
  • Bait and Switch – a song

    David Bradley
    17 Jan 2015 | 8:59 am
    Don’t worry, you’re not going to be Rickrolled, despite the song title ;-) Songs of Experience by Dave Bradley Words and music by Dave Bradley, vocals, guitar, bass, percussion dB Bait and switch There was a key under-the-mat, but you changed all the locks There was a note deep in your pocket, but no stamp for the box I saw a light up in your room, but your heart was like stone And though you strayed out of the gloom, there was nobody home There was a seed inside the pot, but no water for the bloom There was food there on the table, but no taste in the room You wore a smile and a…
  • Message in a Bottle – The Police (Cover song)

    David Bradley
    13 Jan 2015 | 7:18 am
    One of my favourite riffs from one of my favourite guitar players, the rarely revered Andy Summers, he has a long, long history dating back to the psychedelia of the 1960s (Soft Machine and many others, much of it LSD fuelled according to his autobiography). Summers is best known for his time with The Police of course, alongside Sting (who hails from my hometown near Newcastle and was given his nickname by my sister’s friend’s Dad!) and drummer Stewart Copeland. Anyway, this is me doubling vocals (one at the original song pitch, falsetto in the background and the melody again an…
  • Sunrise still later after Winter Solstice

    David Bradley
    21 Dec 2014 | 2:00 am
    Several people asked me about the odd phenomenon that in these here parts sunrise gets later each day until early January even though the days themselves get longer after the winter solstice. From EarthSky: The winter solstice always brings the shortest day to the Northern Hemisphere and the longest day to the Southern Hemisphere. But, the tardiest sunrise doesn’t coincide with the day on which the sun is above the horizon for the shortest time, least daylight hours; similarly, the latest sunsets don’t happen on the day of greatest daylight. Why is this? The main reason is that the…
  • No news is good news

    David Bradley
    5 Dec 2014 | 9:22 am
    Depending on whether or not you’re a pessimist or an optimist, either the aphorism “no news is good news” holds true or the maxim “all publicity is good publicity” is more accurate. But, could whether news is good or bad be self-perpetuating, particularly in terms of business and financial news? UK researchers have analysed the impact of the financial crisis that began in 2008 by looking at news output in terms of company chair financial statements for the period 2006 to 2010 for financial companies. The regression analysis by Khaled Hussainey of the Plymouth…
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    Digg Science News

  • The Science Behind Brain Farts

    28 Jan 2015 | 8:13 am
    There's a scientific term for this totally common phenomenon, which we like to call a "brain fart." You're experiencing tip-of-the-tongue (TOT) syndrome, from the phrase "it's on the tip of my tongue." And while there's no universally accepted cause, scientific theories abound.
  • Science For The People

    27 Jan 2015 | 8:36 am
    In the 1970s, radical scientists thought they could change the world — if they could change science first.
  • Beds And The Science Of Healthy Sleep

    21 Jan 2015 | 4:14 pm
    From sleeping facts, to what happens when we sleep, to how often we should change out mattress, if you're wondering what impact too little sleep might have on your body, take a closer look!
  • The Weird Science Behind First Impressions

    20 Jan 2015 | 10:20 am
    What controls the way we feel about someone (or the way they feel about us) within those first few moments?
  • The Weird Science Of Naming New Products

    16 Jan 2015 | 8:51 am
    To find the perfect brand, leave no word unturned.
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  • Absurd Creature of the Week: The World’s Tiniest, Most Adorable Snake Can Curl Up on a Quarter

    Matt Simon
    30 Jan 2015 | 3:30 am
    If I learned anything from Honey I Shrunk the Kids, it’s that turning into a human that’s small enough to fit in a Cheerio comes with a unique set of challenges. Scorpions become even bigger jerks than when you’re normal-sized, for instance. And your dad almost eats you because you’re inside a Cheerio. But what […] The post Absurd Creature of the Week: The World’s Tiniest, Most Adorable Snake Can Curl Up on a Quarter appeared first on WIRED.
  • How Sequencing Foods’ DNA Could Help Us Prevent Diseases

    Davey Alba
    29 Jan 2015 | 5:00 am
    Scientists from the IBM Research and Mars Incorporated today announced the Sequencing the Food Supply Chain Consortium, a collaborative food safety platform aiming to leverage advances in genomics and analytics to further our understanding of what makes food safe. The post How Sequencing Foods’ DNA Could Help Us Prevent Diseases appeared first on WIRED.
  • This Nano Skin Could Let Us Watch Life at the Smallest Scales

    Nick Stockton
    29 Jan 2015 | 3:30 am
    By dipping live specimens in a chemical concoction, scientists are able to keep them alive in the vacuum conditions normally required for field emission scanning electron microscopy. The post This Nano Skin Could Let Us Watch Life at the Smallest Scales appeared first on WIRED.
  • Science Graphic of the Week: The Greenland Ice Sheet in 3-D

    Marcus Woo
    29 Jan 2015 | 3:25 am
    Thanks to global warming, rising sea levels threaten to permanently flood low-lying regions around the world from the Maldives to Manhattan. The increasing temperatures melt glaciers and polar ice, inundating the oceans with freshwater. One block of melting ice that’s particularly important is the Greenland Ice Sheet, which, covering an area three times the size […] The post Science Graphic of the Week: The Greenland Ice Sheet in 3-D appeared first on WIRED.
  • The Intriguing New Science That Could Change Your Mind About Rats

    Brandon Keim
    28 Jan 2015 | 3:45 am
    Some people have non-human neighbors of the usual, inspiring kind: Bald eagles and bears, sea lions and salamanders, the sort of creatures found in nature documentaries intoned by deep-voiced narrators who plead on our planet's behalf. But I live in New York City. The star of this show, a charismatic megafauna of my own particular wilderness, is none other than the rat — and what science is teaching us may change how we think of this oft-reviled creature, and maybe even ourselves. The post The Intriguing New Science That Could Change Your Mind About Rats appeared first on WIRED.
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  • Brainfluence Podcast – Episodes 31 to 40

    Roger Dooley
    29 Jan 2015 | 5:01 am
    Another couple of months and we’ve got ten more episodes of The Brainfluence Podcast with awesome guests like Paul Zak, Dan Pink, and Robin Dreeke, the FBI’s former top behaviorist! Here’s your chance to catch up on any you missed. [...] The post Brainfluence Podcast – Episodes 31 to 40 appeared first on Neuromarketing.
  • Here’s Why Smart Marketers Use A/B Testing

    Roger Dooley
    27 Jan 2015 | 7:19 am
    How often are websites designed using “best practices” or by trusting the experience of a seasoned expert? The answer is, “all too frequently.” In every speech I give, I offer practical advice on how to get better marketing results by [...] The post Here’s Why Smart Marketers Use A/B Testing appeared first on Neuromarketing.
  • Mega-Recap for Roger’s Picks

    Roger Dooley
    16 Jan 2015 | 5:05 am
    My “picks” went on vacation over the holidays, and then got off to a slow start in the new year. So, this edition is a big catch-up on my own content from here, Forbes, and my podcasts at, along [...] The post Mega-Recap for Roger’s Picks appeared first on Neuromarketing.
  • Why Monkeys Are Smarter Shoppers Than Humans

    John Carvalho
    14 Jan 2015 | 6:10 am
    A new Yale study shows that capuchin monkeys, which respond like humans in many situations, are unlike humans when it comes to preferring more expensive treats. The post Why Monkeys Are Smarter Shoppers Than Humans appeared first on Neuromarketing.
  • Sensory Marketing in a Business Card

    Roger Dooley
    8 Jan 2015 | 5:44 am
    We think of print as primarily a visual medium and a challenge to use for sensory marketing. You generally can’t smell it, taste it, or hear it. But touch can come into play in many kinds of print media. Hence, [...] The post Sensory Marketing in a Business Card appeared first on Neuromarketing.
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    Mind Hacks

  • Hard Problem defeats legendary playwright

    30 Jan 2015 | 5:47 am
    I’ve written a review of legendary playwright Tom Stoppard’s new play The Hard Problem at the National Theatre, where he tackles neuroscience and consciousness – or at least thinks he does. The review is in The Psychologist and covers the themes running through Stoppard’s new work and how they combine with the subtly misfiring conceptualisation of cognitive science: This is a typical and often pedantic criticism of plays about technical subjects but in Stoppard’s case, the work is primarily about what defines us as human, in light of the science of human nature, and…
  • A misdiagnosis of trauma in Ancient Babylon

    24 Jan 2015 | 11:24 am
    Despite the news reports, researchers probably haven’t discovered a mention of ‘PTSD’ from 1300BC Mesopotamia. The claim is likely due to a rather rough interpretation of Ancient Babylonian texts but it also reflects a curious interest in trying to find modern psychiatric diagnoses in the past, which tells us more about our own clinical insecurities than the psychology of the ancient world. The claim comes from a new article published in Early Science and Medicine and it turns out there’s a pdf of the article available online if you want to read it in full. The authors…
  • From the machine

    22 Jan 2015 | 12:50 pm
    A new film, Ex Machina, is released in the UK tomorrow and it is quite possibly one of the best sci-fi films of recent times and probably the best film about consciousness and artificial intelligence ever made. The movie revolves around startup geek turned tech corp billionaire Nathan who has created the artificially conscious android Ava. Nathan invites one of his corporate coders, Caleb, to help test whether Ava feels conscious. The film is near-future but in the tradition of sci-fi as a theatre in which to test ideas, it focuses on the stark and unexpected issues raised by self-conscious…
  • pwned by a self-learning AI

    21 Jan 2015 | 2:09 pm
    Backchannel has a fascinating profile of DeepMind founder Demis Hassabis which although an interesting read in itself, has a link to a brief, barely mentioned study which may herald a quiet revolution in artificial intelligence. The paper (available online as a pdf) is entitled “Playing Atari with Deep Reinforcement Learning” and describes an AI system which, without any prior training, learned to play a series of Atari 2600 games to the point of out-performing humans. The key here is ‘without any prior training’ as the system was not ‘told’ anything about…
  • A love beyond illusions

    12 Jan 2015 | 1:31 pm
    Articles on people’s experience of the altered states of madness often fall into similar types: tragedy, revelation or redemption. Very few do what a wonderful article in Pacific Standard manage: give an account of how a young couple learn to live with psychosis. It’s an interesting piece because it’s not an account of how someone finds the answer to loving someone who has episodes of psychosis, it’s how a couple find an answer. It discusses psychiatry, antipsychotics and R.D. Laing but not in terms of what we should or could think of psychosis and society, but what…
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  • Antivaccine cardiologist Jack Wolfson and the resurrection of false balance about vaccines [Respectful Insolence]

    30 Jan 2015 | 7:00 am
    Yesterday, I wrote about false balance in reporting on vaccines in the wake of the Disneyland measles outbreak. For those who’ve never encountered this blog, what I mean by false balance is when journalists, in a misguided belief that there are “two sides” (i.e., an actual scientific controversy) about the safety of childhood vaccines and whether they cause autism and all the other ills blamed on them by antivaccinationists or not, interview an antivaccine activist, advocate, or sympathizer for “balance” and to “show both sides of the story.” The…
  • Super Bowl Athletes Are Scientists At Work [Uncertain Principles]

    Chad Orzel
    30 Jan 2015 | 6:06 am
    I wrote up another piece about football for the Conversation, this time drawing on material from Eureka, explaining how great football players are using scientific thinking: Seattle Seahawks cornerback Richard Sherman gets called a lot of things. He calls himself the greatest cornerback in the NFL (and Seattle fans tend to agree). Sportswriters and some other players call him a loudmouth and a showboater. Fans of other teams call him a lot of things that shouldn’t see print (even on the internet). One thing you’re not likely to hear anyone on ESPN call Sherman, though, is “scientist.”…
  • Bio Databases 2015 [Discovering Biology in a Digital World]

    30 Jan 2015 | 6:03 am
    Something interesting happened in 2014. The total number of databases that Nucleic Acids Research (NAR) tracks dropped by three databases! What happened?  Did people quit making databases?  No.  This year, the “dead” databases (links no longer valid) outnumber the new ones. To celebrate Digital World Biology’s release of Molecule World I’ll discuss some of the new structure databases below. But first, the numbers. As summarized in the database issue’s introduction, Galperin, Rigden, and Fernández-Suárez tell us this year’s issue has 172 papers. 56…
  • In My Earbuds Lately [Aardvarchaeology]

    Martin R
    30 Jan 2015 | 5:20 am
    Country Funk — Country Funk (1970) Here are some good albums that I’ve been listening to lately. Country Funk — Country Funk (1970). Not country and not funk: folk psych. GOAT — Commune (2014). Eclectic psychedelia with screamy female vocals and bongos! Opeth — Pale Communion (2014). When black metal ages into virtuoso prog rock. Pixies — Indie Cindy (2014). Eclectic alt-rock, does not look back. Teenage Fanclub — Shadows (2010). Fannies doing what they do best. Wooden Shjips — West (2011). Drony stony spacey.
  • Throwback Thursday: Reaching Pluto (Synopsis) [Starts With A Bang]

    29 Jan 2015 | 8:46 pm
    “Even in hindsight, I would not change one whit of the Voyager experience. Dreams and sweat carried it off. But most of all, its legacy makes us all Earth travelers among the stars.” -Charley Kohlhase It’s a taxing enough task to launch something off the surface of the Earth, escaping our planet’s gravity and finding our way into interplanetary space. Image credit: Delta II rocket launch, public domain, via But to reach the outer Solar System? To go beyond the gas giants and even escape from our Sun’s pull completely? We need a little help to do…
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  • Could This Virus Be Good For You?

    Richard Harris
    30 Jan 2015 | 1:17 am
    Scientists studying HIV and Ebola have noticed another virus hitching along for the ride in some blood samples. Now they're trying to figure out whether the lurker helps the body fend off disease.» E-Mail This
  • Scientists, General Public Have Divergent Views On Science, Report Says

    Scott Neuman
    29 Jan 2015 | 2:26 pm
    A Pew Research Center study shows that the two groups disagree most strongly on the safety of GM foods, the use of animals in research, climate change and human evolution.» E-Mail This
  • Food Industry Drags Its Heels On Recyclable And Compostable Packaging

    Eliza Barclay
    29 Jan 2015 | 1:56 pm
    A new report from two environmental groups reviewed the recyclability and compostability of packaging from 47 food companies. It found few examples of companies that have prioritized waste reduction.» E-Mail This
  • U.S. Scientist Jailed For Trying To Help Venezuela Build Bombs

    Scott Neuman
    29 Jan 2015 | 6:30 am
    Pedro Leonardo Mascheroni was sentenced to five years in jail after he told FBI agents, who were posing as Venezuelan officials, that he could design and supervise the building of 40 weapons.» E-Mail This
  • Companies Wanting Immediate Sales Should Pass On Super Bowl Ads

    Shankar Vedantam
    29 Jan 2015 | 2:03 am
    Researchers asked this question: Is a company better off spending big money for a Super Bowl ad or buying several spots for that same amount of money at a less expensive time of the year?» E-Mail This
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    EE Times

  • Qualcomm Outlook Exposes 5 Trouble Spots

    Junko Yoshida
    30 Jan 2015 | 7:00 am
    Although Qualcomm showed strong Q1 results, the company -- facing several trouble spots in China -- lowered its chipset division's operating margin guidance to 16-18% and its 2015 annual revenue guidance by $800 million.
  • Rambus Readies Lensless Image Sensor Platform

    Peter Clarke
    30 Jan 2015 | 6:27 am
    Intellectual property licensor Rambus is going to provide a "platform" for the maker community and others to use to experiment with its previously announced lensless image sensors, according to CEO Ron Black.
  • Friday Quiz: Voltage References

    Martin Rowe
    29 Jan 2015 | 9:05 pm
    Voltage references are basic building blocks for ADCs and DACs, the key ingredients in measurement systems.
  • Supercapbatteries, Thermoelectrics to Power Future Cars

    R. Colin Johnson
    29 Jan 2015 | 9:01 pm
    The cars of the future will be powered by supercabatteries and thermoelectric energy recovery systems, according to IDTechEx Ltd. in Cambridge, U.K.
  • Broadcom Flips on Future Set Tops

    Jessica Lipsky
    29 Jan 2015 | 4:30 pm
    Broadcom is nestled between traditional cable companies and newer over the top content providers, which are both battling and enabling each other in a fight for viewers and dollars.
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    PLOS Biology: New Articles

  • Calorie Restriction-Mediated Replicative Lifespan Extension in Yeast Is Non-Cell Autonomous

    Szu-Chieh Mei et al.
    29 Jan 2015 | 2:00 pm
    by Szu-Chieh Mei, Charles Brenner In laboratory yeast strains with Sir2 and Fob1 function, wild-type NAD salvage is required for calorie restriction (CR) to extend replicative lifespan. CR does not significantly alter steady state levels of intracellular NAD metabolites. However, levels of Sir2 and Pnc1, two enzymes that sequentially convert NAD to nicotinic acid (NA), are up-regulated during CR. To test whether factors such as NA might be exported by glucose-restricted mother cells to survive later generations, we developed a replicative longevity paradigm in which mother cells are moved…
  • A Sensory-Motor Control Model of Animal Flight Explains Why Bats Fly Differently in Light Versus Dark

    Nadav S. Bar et al.
    28 Jan 2015 | 2:00 pm
    by Nadav S. Bar, Sigurd Skogestad, Jose M. Marçal, Nachum Ulanovsky, Yossi Yovel Animal flight requires fine motor control. However, it is unknown how flying animals rapidly transform noisy sensory information into adequate motor commands. Here we developed a sensorimotor control model that explains vertebrate flight guidance with high fidelity. This simple model accurately reconstructed complex trajectories of bats flying in the dark. The model implies that in order to apply appropriate motor commands, bats have to estimate not only the angle-to-target, as was previously assumed, but also…
  • Natural Variation in Preparation for Nutrient Depletion Reveals a Cost–Benefit Tradeoff

    Jue Wang et al.
    27 Jan 2015 | 2:00 pm
    by Jue Wang, Esha Atolia, Bo Hua, Yonatan Savir, Renan Escalante-Chong, Michael Springer Maximizing growth and survival in the face of a complex, time-varying environment is a common problem for single-celled organisms in the wild. When offered two different sugars as carbon sources, microorganisms first consume the preferred sugar, then undergo a transient growth delay, the “diauxic lag,” while inducing genes to metabolize the less preferred sugar. This delay is commonly assumed to be an inevitable consequence of selection to maximize use of the preferred sugar. Contrary to this view, we…
  • Population Diversification in a Yeast Metabolic Program Promotes Anticipation of Environmental Shifts

    Ophelia S. Venturelli et al.
    27 Jan 2015 | 2:00 pm
    by Ophelia S. Venturelli, Ignacio Zuleta, Richard M. Murray, Hana El-Samad Delineating the strategies by which cells contend with combinatorial changing environments is crucial for understanding cellular regulatory organization. When presented with two carbon sources, microorganisms first consume the carbon substrate that supports the highest growth rate (e.g., glucose) and then switch to the secondary carbon source (e.g., galactose), a paradigm known as the Monod model. Sequential sugar utilization has been attributed to transcriptional repression of the secondary metabolic pathway, followed…
  • Illegal Drugs Laws: Clearing a 50-Year-Old Obstacle to Research

    David Nutt
    27 Jan 2015 | 2:00 pm
    by David Nutt The United Nations drug control conventions of 1960 and 1971 and later additions have inadvertently resulted in perhaps the greatest restrictions of medical and life sciences research. These conventions now need to be revised to allow neuroscience to progress unimpeded and to assist in the innovation of treatments for brain disorders. In the meantime, local changes, such as the United Kingdom moving cannabis from Schedule 1 to Schedule 2, should be implemented to allow medical research to develop appropriately.
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    PLOS Computational Biology: New Articles

  • ISCB Ebola Award for Important Future Research on the Computational Biology of Ebola Virus

    Peter D. Karp et al.
    29 Jan 2015 | 2:00 pm
    by Peter D. Karp, Bonnie Berger, Diane Kovats, Thomas Lengauer, Michal Linial, Pardis Sabeti, Winston Hide, Burkhard Rost Speed is of the essence in combating Ebola; thus, computational approaches should form a significant component of Ebola research. As for the development of any modern drug, computational biology is uniquely positioned to contribute through comparative analysis of the genome sequences of Ebola strains as well as 3-D protein modeling. Other computational approaches to Ebola may include large-scale docking studies of Ebola proteins with human proteins and with small-molecule…
  • Ten Simple Rules for Organizing an Unconference

    Aidan Budd et al.
    29 Jan 2015 | 2:00 pm
    by Aidan Budd, Holger Dinkel, Manuel Corpas, Jonathan C. Fuller, Laura Rubinat, Damien P. Devos, Pierre H. Khoueiry, Konrad U. Förstner, Fotis Georgatos, Francis Rowland, Malvika Sharan, Janos X. Binder, Tom Grace, Karyn Traphagen, Adam Gristwood, Natasha T. Wood
  • GenomicScape: An Easy-to-Use Web Tool for Gene Expression Data Analysis. Application to Investigate the Molecular Events in the Differentiation of B Cells into Plasma Cells

    Alboukadel Kassambara et al.
    29 Jan 2015 | 2:00 pm
    by Alboukadel Kassambara, Thierry Rème, Michel Jourdan, Thierry Fest, Dirk Hose, Karin Tarte, Bernard Klein DNA microarrays have considerably helped to improve the understanding of biological processes and diseases. Large amounts of publicly available microarray data are accumulating, but are poorly exploited due to a lack of easy-to-use bioinformatics resources. The aim of this study is to build a free and convenient data-mining web site ( GenomicScape allows mining dataset from various microarray platforms, identifying genes differentially expressed between…
  • Computation in Dynamically Bounded Asymmetric Systems

    Ueli Rutishauser et al.
    24 Jan 2015 | 2:00 pm
    by Ueli Rutishauser, Jean-Jacques Slotine, Rodney Douglas Previous explanations of computations performed by recurrent networks have focused on symmetrically connected saturating neurons and their convergence toward attractors. Here we analyze the behavior of asymmetrical connected networks of linear threshold neurons, whose positive response is unbounded. We show that, for a wide range of parameters, this asymmetry brings interesting and computationally useful dynamical properties. When driven by input, the network explores potential solutions through highly unstable ‘expansion’…
  • Laminar and Dorsoventral Molecular Organization of the Medial Entorhinal Cortex Revealed by Large-scale Anatomical Analysis of Gene Expression

    Helen L. Ramsden et al.
    23 Jan 2015 | 2:00 pm
    by Helen L. Ramsden, Gülşen Sürmeli, Steven G. McDonagh, Matthew F. Nolan Neural circuits in the medial entorhinal cortex (MEC) encode an animal’s position and orientation in space. Within the MEC spatial representations, including grid and directional firing fields, have a laminar and dorsoventral organization that corresponds to a similar topography of neuronal connectivity and cellular properties. Yet, in part due to the challenges of integrating anatomical data at the resolution of cortical layers and borders, we know little about the molecular components underlying this…
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    PLOS Genetics: New Articles

  • MiR-24 Is Required for Hematopoietic Differentiation of Mouse Embryonic Stem Cells

    Lynn Roy et al.
    29 Jan 2015 | 2:00 pm
    by Lynn Roy, Emmanuel Bikorimana, Danica Lapid, Hyewon Choi, Tan Nguyen, Richard Dahl Overexpression of miRNA, miR-24, in mouse hematopoietic progenitors increases monocytic/ granulocytic differentiation and inhibits B cell development. To determine if endogenous miR-24 is required for hematopoiesis, we antagonized miR-24 in mouse embryonic stem cells (ESCs) and performed in vitro differentiations. Suppression of miR-24 resulted in an inability to produce blood and hematopoietic progenitors (HPCs) from ESCs. The phenotype is not a general defect in mesoderm production since we observe…
  • The Role of the Mammalian DNA End-processing Enzyme Polynucleotide Kinase 3’-Phosphatase in Spinocerebellar Ataxia Type 3 Pathogenesis

    Arpita Chatterjee et al.
    29 Jan 2015 | 2:00 pm
    by Arpita Chatterjee, Saikat Saha, Anirban Chakraborty, Anabela Silva-Fernandes, Santi M. Mandal, Andreia Neves-Carvalho, Yongping Liu, Raj K. Pandita, Muralidhar L. Hegde, Pavana M. Hegde, Istvan Boldogh, Tetsuo Ashizawa, Arnulf H. Koeppen, Tej K. Pandita, Patricia Maciel, Partha S. Sarkar, Tapas K. Hazra DNA strand-breaks (SBs) with non-ligatable ends are generated by ionizing radiation, oxidative stress, various chemotherapeutic agents, and also as base excision repair (BER) intermediates. Several neurological diseases have already been identified as being due to a deficiency in DNA…
  • Tissue-Specific Effects of Genetic and Epigenetic Variation on Gene Regulation and Splicing

    Maria Gutierrez-Arcelus et al.
    29 Jan 2015 | 2:00 pm
    by Maria Gutierrez-Arcelus, Halit Ongen, Tuuli Lappalainen, Stephen B. Montgomery, Alfonso Buil, Alisa Yurovsky, Julien Bryois, Ismael Padioleau, Luciana Romano, Alexandra Planchon, Emilie Falconnet, Deborah Bielser, Maryline Gagnebin, Thomas Giger, Christelle Borel, Audrey Letourneau, Periklis Makrythanasis, Michel Guipponi, Corinne Gehrig, Stylianos E. Antonarakis, Emmanouil T. Dermitzakis Understanding how genetic variation affects distinct cellular phenotypes, such as gene expression levels, alternative splicing and DNA methylation levels, is essential for better understanding of complex…
  • Ataxin-3, DNA Damage Repair, and SCA3 Cerebellar Degeneration: On the Path to Parsimony?

    Jacqueline M. Ward et al.
    29 Jan 2015 | 2:00 pm
    by Jacqueline M. Ward, Albert R. La Spada
  • A dPIP5K Dependent Pool of Phosphatidylinositol 4,5 Bisphosphate (PIP2) Is Required for G-Protein Coupled Signal Transduction in Drosophila Photoreceptors

    Purbani Chakrabarti et al.
    29 Jan 2015 | 2:00 pm
    by Purbani Chakrabarti, Sourav Kolay, Shweta Yadav, Kamalesh Kumari, Amit Nair, Deepti Trivedi, Padinjat Raghu Multiple PIP2 dependent molecular processes including receptor activated phospholipase C activity occur at the neuronal plasma membranes, yet levels of this lipid at the plasma membrane are remarkably stable. Although the existence of unique pools of PIP2 supporting these events has been proposed, the mechanism by which they are generated is unclear. In Drosophila photoreceptors, the hydrolysis of PIP2 by G-protein coupled phospholipase C activity is essential for sensory…
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    PLOS Pathogens: New Articles

  • Elucidation of the RamA Regulon in Klebsiella pneumoniae Reveals a Role in LPS Regulation

    Shyamasree De Majumdar et al.
    29 Jan 2015 | 2:00 pm
    by Shyamasree De Majumdar, Jing Yu, Maria Fookes, Sean P. McAteer, Enrique Llobet, Sarah Finn, Shaun Spence, Avril Monaghan, Adrien Kissenpfennig, Rebecca J. Ingram, José Bengoechea, David L. Gally, Séamus Fanning, Joseph S. Elborn, Thamarai Schneiders Klebsiella pneumoniae is a significant human pathogen, in part due to high rates of multidrug resistance. RamA is an intrinsic regulator in K. pneumoniae established to be important for the bacterial response to antimicrobial challenge; however, little is known about its possible wider regulatory role in this organism during infection. In…
  • An Iron-Mimicking, Trojan Horse-Entering Fungi—Has the Time Come for Molecular Imaging of Fungal Infections?

    Hubertus Haas et al.
    29 Jan 2015 | 2:00 pm
    by Hubertus Haas, Milos Petrik, Clemens Decristoforo
  • Helminth-Induced Immune Regulation: Implications for Immune Responses to Tuberculosis

    Soumya Chatterjee et al.
    29 Jan 2015 | 2:00 pm
    by Soumya Chatterjee, Thomas B. Nutman
  • The M3 Muscarinic Receptor Is Required for Optimal Adaptive Immunity to Helminth and Bacterial Infection

    Matthew Darby et al.
    28 Jan 2015 | 2:00 pm
    by Matthew Darby, Corinna Schnoeller, Alykhan Vira, Fiona Culley, Saeeda Bobat, Erin Logan, Frank Kirstein, Jürgen Wess, Adam F. Cunningham, Frank Brombacher, Murray E. Selkirk, William G. C. Horsnell Innate immunity is regulated by cholinergic signalling through nicotinic acetylcholine receptors. We show here that signalling through the M3 muscarinic acetylcholine receptor (M3R) plays an important role in adaptive immunity to both Nippostrongylus brasiliensis and Salmonella enterica serovar Typhimurium, as M3R mice were impaired in their ability to resolve infection with either pathogen.
  • IL-1α Signaling Is Critical for Leukocyte Recruitment after Pulmonary Aspergillus fumigatus Challenge

    Alayna K. Caffrey et al.
    28 Jan 2015 | 2:00 pm
    by Alayna K. Caffrey, Margaret M. Lehmann, Julianne M. Zickovich, Vanessa Espinosa, Kelly M. Shepardson, Christopher P. Watschke, Kimberly M. Hilmer, Arsa Thammahong, Bridget M. Barker, Amariliz Rivera, Robert A. Cramer, Joshua J. Obar Aspergillus fumigatus is a mold that causes severe pulmonary infections. Our knowledge of how A. fumigatus growth is controlled in the respiratory tract is developing, but still limited. Alveolar macrophages, lung resident macrophages, and airway epithelial cells constitute the first lines of defense against inhaled A. fumigatus conidia. Subsequently,…
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    PLOS ONE Alerts: New Articles

  • Fin Whale Sound Reception Mechanisms: Skull Vibration Enables Low-Frequency Hearing

    Ted W. Cranford et al.
    29 Jan 2015 | 2:00 pm
    by Ted W. Cranford, Petr Krysl Hearing mechanisms in baleen whales (Mysticeti) are essentially unknown but their vocalization frequencies overlap with anthropogenic sound sources. Synthetic audiograms were generated for a fin whale by applying finite element modeling tools to X-ray computed tomography (CT) scans. We CT scanned the head of a small fin whale (Balaenoptera physalus) in a scanner designed for solid-fuel rocket motors. Our computer (finite element) modeling toolkit allowed us to visualize what occurs when sounds interact with the anatomic geometry of the whale’s head.
  • Diet Is Critical for Prolonged Glycemic Control after Short-Term Insulin Treatment in High-Fat Diet-Induced Type 2 Diabetic Male Mice

    Aili Guo et al.
    29 Jan 2015 | 2:00 pm
    by Aili Guo, Nigel A. Daniels, Jean Thuma, Kelly D. McCall, Ramiro Malgor, Frank L. Schwartz Background Clinical studies suggest that short-term insulin treatment in new-onset type 2 diabetes (T2DM) can promote prolonged glycemic control. The purpose of this study was to establish an animal model to examine such a “legacy” effect of early insulin therapy (EIT) in long-term glycemic control in new-onset T2DM. The objective of the study was to investigate the role of diet following onset of diabetes in the favorable outcomes of EIT. Methodology As such, C57BL6/J male mice were fed a…
  • Temporal-Spatial Correlation between Angiogenesis and Corticogenesis in the Developing Chick Optic Tectum

    Alejandra Rodriguez Celin et al.
    29 Jan 2015 | 2:00 pm
    by Alejandra Rodriguez Celin, Melina Rapacioli, Mariela Azul Gonzalez, Virginia Laura Ballarin, Sara Fiszer de Plazas, Juan José López-Costa, Vladimir Flores The developing chick optic tectum is a widely used model of corticogenesis and angiogenesis. Cell behaviors involved in corticogenesis and angiogenesis share several regulatory mechanisms. In this way the 3D organizations of both systems adapt to each other. The consensus about the temporally and spatially organized progression of the optic tectum corticogenesis contrasts with the discrepancies about the spatial organization of its…
  • Efficacy and Safety of Deep Anterior Lamellar Keratoplasty vs. Penetrating Keratoplasty for Keratoconus: A Meta-Analysis

    Hao Liu et al.
    29 Jan 2015 | 2:00 pm
    by Hao Liu, Yihui Chen, Peng Wang, Bing Li, Weifang Wang, Yan Su, Minjie Sheng Purpose To evaluate difference in therapeutic outcomes between deep anterior lamellar keratoplasty (DALK) and penetrating keratoplasty (PKP) for the clinical treatment of keratoconus. Methods A comprehensive search was conducted in Pubmed, EMBASE, Cochrane Library, and Web of science. Eligible studies should include at least one of the following factors: best corrected visual acuity (BCVA), postoperative spherical equivalent (SE), postoperative astigmatism and endothelial cell count (ECC), central corneal thickness…
  • Nephrokeli, a Chinese Herbal Formula, May Improve IgA Nephropathy through Regulation of the Sphingosine-1-Phosphate Pathway

    Yifei Zhong et al.
    29 Jan 2015 | 2:00 pm
    by Yifei Zhong, Ke Wang, Xianwen Zhang, Xiaofan Cai, Yiping Chen, Yueyi Deng Nephrokeli (NPKL) is a Chinese herbal formula that has been used to treat patients with IgA nephropathy (IgAN) for improvement of proteinuria and kidney injury. However, the mechanism remains unclear. Sphingosine-1-phosphate (S1P) and its receptors S1PR2 and S1PR3 are known to play an important role in kidney disease. Here, we tested whether NPKL is able to regulate the S1P pathway in the kidney of IgAN rats. Four groups of rats were included in the study: Control, IgAN, IgAN treated with losartan, and IgAN treated…
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    PLOS Neglected Tropical Diseases: New Articles

  • The Onchocerciasis Vaccine for Africa—TOVA—Initiative

    Peter J. Hotez et al.
    29 Jan 2015 | 2:00 pm
    by Peter J. Hotez, Maria Elena Bottazzi, Bin Zhan, Benjamin L. Makepeace, Thomas R. Klei, David Abraham, David W. Taylor, Sara Lustigman
  • A Cross-Sectional Study of ‘Yaws’ in Districts of Ghana Which Have Previously Undertaken Azithromycin Mass Drug Administration for Trachoma Control

    Rosanna Ghinai et al.
    29 Jan 2015 | 2:00 pm
    by Rosanna Ghinai, Philip El-Duah, Kai-Hua Chi, Allan Pillay, Anthony W. Solomon, Robin L. Bailey, Nsiire Agana, David C. W. Mabey, Cheng-Yen Chen, Yaw Adu-Sarkodie, Michael Marks Yaws, caused by Treponema pallidum ssp. pertenue, is reportedly endemic in Ghana. Mass distribution of azithromycin is now the cornerstone of the WHO yaws eradication campaign. Mass distribution of azithromycin at a lower target dose was previously undertaken in two regions of Ghana for the control of trachoma. Ongoing reporting of yaws raises the possibility that resistance may have emerged in T. pallidum pertenue,…
  • Leishmania (L.) mexicana Infected Bats in Mexico: Novel Potential Reservoirs

    Miriam Berzunza-Cruz et al.
    28 Jan 2015 | 2:00 pm
    by Miriam Berzunza-Cruz, Ángel Rodríguez-Moreno, Gabriel Gutiérrez-Granados, Constantino González-Salazar, Christopher R. Stephens, Mircea Hidalgo-Mihart, Carlos F. Marina, Eduardo A. Rebollar-Téllez, Dulce Bailón-Martínez, Cristina Domingo Balcells, Carlos N. Ibarra-Cerdeña, Víctor Sánchez-Cordero, Ingeborg Becker Leishmania (Leishmania) mexicana causes cutaneous leishmaniasis, an endemic zoonosis affecting a growing number of patients in the southeastern states of Mexico. Some foci are found in shade-grown cocoa and coffee plantations, or near perennial forests that provide rich…
  • Conservation and Immunogenicity of Novel Antigens in Diverse Isolates of Enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli

    Qingwei Luo et al.
    28 Jan 2015 | 2:00 pm
    by Qingwei Luo, Firdausi Qadri, Rita Kansal, David A. Rasko, Alaullah Sheikh, James M. Fleckenstein Background Enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli (ETEC) are common causes of diarrheal morbidity and mortality in developing countries for which there is currently no vaccine. Heterogeneity in classical ETEC antigens known as colonization factors (CFs) and poor efficacy of toxoid-based approaches to date have impeded development of a broadly protective ETEC vaccine, prompting searches for novel molecular targets. Methodology Using a variety of molecular methods, we examined a large collection of…
  • Automated High-Content Assay for Compounds Selectively Toxic to Trypanosoma cruzi in a Myoblastic Cell Line

    Julio Alonso-Padilla et al.
    23 Jan 2015 | 2:00 pm
    by Julio Alonso-Padilla, Ignacio Cotillo, Jesús L. Presa, Juan Cantizani, Imanol Peña, Ana I. Bardera, Jose J. Martín, Ana Rodriguez Background Chagas disease, caused by the protozoan parasite Trypanosoma cruzi, represents a very important public health problem in Latin America where it is endemic. Although mostly asymptomatic at its initial stage, after the disease becomes chronic, about a third of the infected patients progress to a potentially fatal outcome due to severe damage of heart and gut tissues. There is an urgent need for new drugs against Chagas disease since there are only…
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  • U.S. proposes effort to analyze DNA from 1 million people

    30 Jan 2015 | 5:51 am
    WASHINGTON (Reuters) - The United States has proposed analyzing genetic information from more than 1 million American volunteers as part of a new initiative to understand human disease and develop medicines targeted to an individual's genetic make-up.
  • Poll finds gaping chasm in views between U.S. public, scientists

    29 Jan 2015 | 1:50 pm
    WASHINGTON (Reuters) - American scientists and the general public hold vastly different views on key scientific issues including the role of people in causing climate change, the safety of genetically modified food, and evolution, a poll released on Thursday showed.
  • Laser's co-inventor, Nobel laureate Charles Townes, dead at 99

    28 Jan 2015 | 6:57 pm
    SAN FRANCISCO (Reuters) - Charles Townes, who shared the 1964 Nobel Prize in Physics for invention of the laser, a feat that revolutionized science, medicine, telecommunications and entertainment, has died at age 99, the University of California at Berkeley reported.
  • 'Expensive' placebo beats 'cheap' one in Parkinson's disease: study

    28 Jan 2015 | 1:13 pm
    NEW YORK (Reuters) - When patients with Parkinson's disease received an injection described as an effective drug costing $1,500 per dose, their motor function improved significantly more than when they got one supposedly costing $100, scientists reported on Wednesday.
  • Prehistoric skull a key 'piece of the puzzle' in story of humanity

    28 Jan 2015 | 11:51 am
    WASHINGTON (Reuters) - A partial skull retrieved from a cave in northern Israel is shedding light on a pivotal juncture in early human history when our species was trekking out of Africa to populate other parts of the world and encountered our close cousins the Neanderthals.
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    Dave Bradley's Tech Talk

  • Origin of the word holocaust

    David Bradley
    27 Jan 2015 | 7:39 am
    It is Holocaust Memorial Day – 27th January. 70 years since the Soviet liberation of the Nazi concentration camp Auschwitz-Birkenau. The word “holocaust” has become synonymous with the genocide of millions under the Third Reich. The etymology of the word itself is interesting. From In the mid-13th Century, holocaust meant to “sacrifice by fire”, it was a “burnt offering”. The word coming from the Greek holokauston “a thing wholly burnt,” in turn from holos meaning the “whole” and kaustos, the adjectival form of…
  • How strong does a password need to be?

    David Bradley
    23 Jan 2015 | 11:19 am
    We are forever bombarded with advice on how to make strong passwords, there are endless schemes. The crackers and hackers know about all of these schemes. They have huge lists of leaked passwords, alphanumeric combinations of various sorts and certainly all the words in all the dictionaries. Today, our local law enforcers sent out some friendly advice on avoiding ID theft and stuff and they suggested using number substitions for your p455w0rd5…they think crackers and hackers don’t know about l33t? They are the l33t! Too easy. Now, password strength can be about complexity.
  • A Swiss bank account for your email

    David Bradley
    20 Jan 2015 | 6:27 am
    ProtonMail was created in response to the 2013 disclosure of global surveillance and interception of email by the NSA, GCHQ etc by Edward Snowden. Think of it like a Swiss bank account but for your email. It’s free, web-based and encrypted client side (you need two passwords, one to access the system and one to encrypt your email on your computer before it is sent via the service, unlike GMail, Hotmail etc) It was created in 2013 at the CERN (home of the World Wide Web) and its servers are in Switzerland so beyond US, UK and EU jurisdiction. It was initially crowdfunded and finally I a…
  • Sony hacked again, how come?

    David Bradley
    19 Dec 2014 | 12:48 am
    North Korea hacked Sony, “Un” threw a wobbly over a comedy film that lampoons him. Sheeyit, he is sooo insecure. But, the real question we should be asking is why did this vast technological empire, Sony, I mean not North Korea, leave its systems so vulnerable to attack after the last time it was hacked (by Anonymous)? The PR and “spokesperson/scapegoat” cliche “lessons will be learned” is so fake, maybe they never even said that yet. But, lessons are never learned, by anyone. They just carry on as before paying lip service to criticism and avoiding any…
  • Billions upon billions

    David Bradley
    12 Dec 2014 | 12:52 am
    “Billions upon billion”…to “quote” the late, great Carl Sagan. Of course, he meant lots of 1 000 000 000. But, the billion ain’t what it used to be as a child of the 60s dragged up in Britland, a billion used to mean a million, million, so that was a lot more. A thousand million (what Amercuns call a billion) used to be known as a milliard, although I don’t think I ever heard anyone use that archaic term. But. We now talk of deficits and public debt amounting to trillions, which the BBC helpfully call “thousand billions”…no, no, no,…
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  • Flowchart: Should you vaccinate your child?

    Nathan Yau
    30 Jan 2015 | 3:27 am
    Yes. Yes. Yes. Yes. Yes. Yes. Yes. Yes. Yes. Yes. Yes. Yes. Yes. Yes. Yes. Yes. Yes. Yes. Yes. Yes. Yes. Yes. Yes. Yes. Yes. Yes. Yes. Yes. Yes. Yes. Yes. Yes. Yes. Yes. Yes. Yes. Yes. Yes. Yes. Yes. Yes. Yes. Yes. Yes. Yes. Yes. Yes. Yes. Yes. Yes. Yes. Yes. Yes. Yes. Yes. Yes. Yes. Yes. Yes. Yes. Yes. A handy flowchart by Scott Bateman. Tags: flowchart, vaccination
  • Chances that a drug treatment helps

    Nathan Yau
    29 Jan 2015 | 11:17 am
    It's a common belief that if someone has a medical condition, a patient can take a treatment and the condition gets better or goes away. That is, improvement is directly related to intake. However, as it turns out, there's often a good chance the patient would have gotten better without the treatment. There's also a chance a treatment does nothing. Austin Frakt and Aaron E. Carroll for the Upshot describe these chances through a metric called number needed to treat, or N.N.T. The simple animations throughout the article provide a great dose of perspective to the odds. Tags: drugs, health,…
  • State Rorschach

    Nathan Yau
    29 Jan 2015 | 12:33 am
    That's Mimal the elfin chef with a pan of fried chicken. He is named after the first letter of each state that he is composed of: Minnesota, Iowa, Missouri, Arkansas, and Louisiana. It's an old gag but it still amuses me, and it always unburies the age-old question. Do the states make Mimal or does Mimal make the states? The question is so deep and profound that I don't dare try to answer it. Mimal came across my desk the other day, and as I stared longingly at his pan of fried chicken, I wondered: "Are there more Mimals among us? What other characters are hidden in our boundaries? And are…
  • Questionable fumble statistics for Deflate-Gate

    Nathan Yau
    28 Jan 2015 | 9:32 am
    A data-centric look at New England Patriots fumble rates at home made the rounds this week. The most cited tidbit was that there is only a 1 in 16,233 chance that the Patriots achieved the lower rate via randomness. Therefore, the Patriots must have cheated. Gregory J. Matthews and Michael Lopez explain, finding by finding, why the results from Sharp Football Analysis are suspect. Even if you're not into football, read it for the statistics lesson. The Patriots are indeed nearly off the chart, but that is partially because the author uses the smallest y-axis possible to demonstrate the…
  • Mapping ice layers with radar data

    Nathan Yau
    28 Jan 2015 | 12:05 am
    I don't know exactly how much data NASA has in the bank, but I think it's a lot. Explained in the video below, they estimated the age of ice layers in Greenland by flying a plane over the Greenland Ice Sheet and pulsing radar to gather information. Tags: ice, NASA, weather
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    Science Daily

  • Heat waves becoming more prominent in urban areas, research reveals

    30 Jan 2015 | 7:25 am
    The world’s urban areas have experienced significant increases in heat waves over the past 40 years, according to new research. These prolonged periods of extreme hot days have significantly increased in over 200 urban areas across the globe between 1973 and 2012, and have been most prominent in the most recent years on record.
  • Why do zebras have stripes? Temperature counts

    30 Jan 2015 | 6:29 am
    One of nature's fascinating questions is how zebras got their stripes. A team of life scientists has found at least part of the answer: The amount and intensity of striping can be best predicted by the temperature of the environment in which zebras live.
  • Scientists home in on reasons behind cancer drug trial disappointment

    30 Jan 2015 | 6:29 am
    Scientists have discovered a 'hidden' mechanism which could explain why some cancer therapies which aim to block tumor blood vessel growth are failing cancer trials. The same mechanism could play the role in the bacterial or viral septic shock -- e.g. in Ebola fever -- by destabilizing the blood vessels.
  • Shared symptoms of Chikungunya virus, rheumatoid arthritis may cloud diagnosis

    30 Jan 2015 | 6:27 am
    A mosquito-borne virus that has spread to the Caribbean and Central and South America and has caused isolated infections in Florida often causes joint pain and swelling similar to that seen in patients with rheumatoid arthritis.
  • Skip the dip! Super Bowl team cities see spike in flu deaths

    30 Jan 2015 | 6:27 am
    Having a team in the Super Bowl correlated to an average 18 percent increase in flu deaths among those over 65 years old, according to a study of health data covering 35 years of championship games.
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    The Why Files

  • In the mind’s eye of a bird brain

    29 Jan 2015 | 1:45 pm
    In the mind’s eye of a bird brain A three-day-old chick is the same age and strain as the birds in the study shows the general idea of the mental number line: Small numbers go on the left, large on the right. Chick photo: Rosa Rugani, University of Trento; Composite: The Why Files Imagine two cards side by side. One shows three squares, the other 10. Odds are you’ve placed the card with three squares to the left of the one with 10. Now imagine cards showing 10 and 20 squares. Odds are the 10-square card is now on the left. Congratulations! You have just demonstrated an innate…
  • Crazy about comets!

    22 Jan 2015 | 2:03 pm
    Comet season for keeps! It’s an icy, stony world! This composite was stitched from four photos taken by Rosetta 19 miles (31 kilometers) from the center of comet 67P/Churyumov-Gerasimenko on Nov. 20, 2014. One pixel shows 10 feet, or three meters. ESA/Rosetta/NAVCAM With the astonishing success of the European mission to comet 67P, comets are back in the news. Rosetta the spaceship sent its slave spaceship, Philae, to land on 67P on Nov. 12, 2014. After Philae quit bouncing up and down in the comet’s microgravity, it landed in a place with limited sunlight. With insufficient…
  • Birds cross Himalayas

    15 Jan 2015 | 12:32 pm
    Birds cross Himalayas A bar-headed goose on the wing. Photo: Nyambayar Batbayar When bar-headed geese migrate across the spine of the Himalayas, they follow the terrain, roller-coaster style, rather than fly a straight-line path from ridge to ridge. This flight path features far more climbing, yet a study published today in Science shows that it’s considerably more efficient than the straight-line course. To look at how these geese make the long, high-altitude flight between India and Mongolia, Charles Bishop, a senior lecturer at the University of Bangor in the United Kingdom, and a…
  • Body-cams: Solution to police-civilian violence?

    8 Jan 2015 | 2:30 pm
    Body-cams: Solution to police-civilian violence? A Minnesota police officer sports a chest-mounted body camera. Photo: crayfisher New York City is in turmoil in the wake of the July 17, 2014, death of Eric Garner at the hands of city police. On Dec. 3, demonstrations broke out after a grand jury declined to prosecute the officers. Then, on Dec. 20, two police officers were murdered in their car by a 28-year-old with a long criminal record as vengeance for Garner’s death. At the funerals, police have turned their backs on Mayor Bill de Blasio. The death of Michael Brown, 18, from police…
  • Reel to Real: Science caught on tape

    25 Dec 2014 | 9:45 pm
    Reel to Real: Science caught on tape 1. Poetry in motion Aerial combat: Hawk 1, drone 0 Aluminum, four rotors and one tiny radio meet an ancient definition of territoriality — and talons and beak show who’s boss. 69 years: Patience pays at last! Call me tar, asphalt or bitumen. I’m 2 million times as viscose as honey, but don’t call me “solid.” No siree! Watch one of the world’s oldest experiments bear [tarry] fruit! Swarming starlings Aerial ballet with a cast of thousands: See why everybody is murmuring about “murmuration,” and why you…
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  • Egyptian statuettes of Osiris: Production unveiled by neutrons and laser

    30 Jan 2015 | 7:40 am
    The world's museums exhibit collections of precious artefacts from thousands of years ago. Very often it is the case that not much is known about how those ancient artefacts were created. There is a number of limitations to investigate them as traditional sampling techniques risk damaging the materials. In the search for non-invasive methods, a group of scientists have combined three different techniques to analyse copper alloy figurines. They wanted to know how the figurines were crafted, their composition, and how they are deteriorating.
  • Super Bowl athletes are scientists at work

    30 Jan 2015 | 7:30 am
    Seattle Seahawks cornerback Richard Sherman gets called a lot of things. He calls himself the greatest cornerback in the NFL (and Seattle fans tend to agree). Sportswriters and some other players call him a loudmouth and a showboater. Fans of other teams call him a lot of things that shouldn't see print (even on the internet). One thing you're not likely to hear anyone on ESPN call Sherman, though, is "scientist."
  • Going a long way to do a quick data collection

    30 Jan 2015 | 7:20 am
    Like many a scientist before me, I have spent this week trying to grow a crystal. I wasn't fussy, it didn't have to be a single crystal – a smush of something would have done – just as long as it had a bit of long-range order. But no. Hours spent staring at a screen as the sample I wanted to study failed to sort out its atoms into something I could work with.
  • Jay Z to acquire Wimp music service

    30 Jan 2015 | 7:20 am
    US rap star Jay Z will make a $56-million foray into the music streaming business by taking over the Norwegian service Wimp, its shareholders confirmed Friday.
  • US reaps nearly $45 bn in wireless spectrum auction

    30 Jan 2015 | 7:10 am
    The US government is getting nearly $45 billion from an auction of wireless spectrum, highlighting surging demand for new devices which connect to the Internet.
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    Science News Headlines - Yahoo News

  • What Makes Bill Gates Feel Stupid

    30 Jan 2015 | 7:11 am
    Bill Gates built the world's largest software company, and with his billions, he's also become one of the world's most prolific philanthropists. Studies have shown that learning a new language is good for the brain, and some evidence even suggests it might help stave off Alzheimer's disease.
  • In Boston and Aurora, Jurors May Risk Mental Health for Justice

    30 Jan 2015 | 7:09 am
    In Massachusetts and Colorado right now, thousands of ordinary citizens are answering jury summons, undergoing screenings that will decide if they will sit on the panels that will determine the fate of two young accused killers.
  • 5 New Species of 'Shimmering' Goblin Spider Discovered

    30 Jan 2015 | 7:08 am
    Five new species of tiny, shimmering spiders have been discovered in Madagascar, according to a new study. In the study, researchers looked at 326 spider specimens they had previously collected in Madagascar over the course of a few years. "It is a remarkable discovery — a genus comprising a number of species previously unknown to science, unknown to the world," said study author Charles E. Griswold, curator of arachnology at California Academy of Sciences in San Francisco. One of the features that distinguishes the members of the new genus from other goblin spiders is the glistening…
  • Could Super Bowl Outcome Be Influenced By Biological Clocks?

    30 Jan 2015 | 6:38 am
    Football fans, take note: The outcome of this weekend's Super Bowl, along with other major sporting events, may depend on whether the players are night owls or early birds, a new study suggests. "Even 1 percent makes the difference between winning a race and losing it," said Roland Brandstaetter, a biologist at the University of Birmingham in England and co-author of the study published today (Jan. 29) in the journal Current Biology. The findings could have big implications for the timing of major sporting events, and how athletes train for them, the researchers said. Previous studies have…
  • UK to launch 100,000 genomes project as Obama backs DNA drive

    30 Jan 2015 | 5:50 am
    By Ben Hirschler LONDON (Reuters) - Gene research is getting a boost on both sides of the Atlantic, with scientists in England set to launch a project on Feb. 2 to analyze 100,000 entire human genomes and U.S. President Barack Obama backing a big new DNA data drive. Obama will announce the U.S. plan to analyze genetic information from more than 1 million American volunteers on Friday as a central part of an initiative to promote so-called precision medicine, officials said. The 100,000 genomes project in England, meanwhile, was first unveiled by the British government two years ago -- but the…
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    Science: This Week's News

  • [Special Issue News] The Privacy Arms Race: Could your pacemaker be hackable?

    Daniel Clery
    29 Jan 2015 | 4:00 pm
    In a 2012 episode of the TV series Homeland, Vice President William Walden is assassinated by a terrorist who hacks into his Internet-enabled heart pacemaker and accelerates his heartbeat until he has a heart attack. This scenario is more than just a flight of fancy. Internet security experts have been warning for years that devices such as insulin pumps, glucose monitors, and pacemakers or defibrillators, when connected to the Internet, may be vulnerable to hackers who can take control of a device and change its settings. Manufacturers are starting to wake up to the issue and are employing…
  • [Special Issue News] Privacy: Credit card study blows holes in anonymity

    John Bohannon
    29 Jan 2015 | 4:00 pm
    For social scientists, the age of big data carries big promises: a chance to mine anonymized demographic, financial, medical, and other vast data sets in fine detail to learn how we lead our lives. For privacy advocates, however, the prospect is alarming. They worry that the people represented in such data may not stay anonymous for long. A study of credit card data in this week's issue of Science bears out those fears, showing that it takes only a tiny amount of personal information to de-anonymize people. The result, coming on top of earlier demonstrations that personal identities are easy…
  • [Special Issue News] The End of Privacy: Unmasked

    John Bohannon
    29 Jan 2015 | 4:00 pm
    It's hard for a machine to pluck your face out of a crowd. If you appear in a photo taken at a protest march, an abortion clinic, or a gay bar, for example, your anonymity is safe—for the time being. Unless a computer has been tasked to look for you and it has already trained on dozens of photos of your face—and the quality of the images you appear in is excellent—there is little chance that it will spot you. Nor is it yet possible for a computer to search the Internet for all photos in which your face appears, unless you are named in captions. But within the walled garden of Facebook,…
  • [Special Issue News] The End of Privacy: Trust me, I'm a medical researcher

    Jennifer Couzin-Frankel
    29 Jan 2015 | 4:00 pm
    It's becoming more and more difficult to safeguard the privacy of patients who participate in scientific studies. Many patient samples today are banked, sequenced, and shared with potentially thousands of researchers, and it's widely accepted that if you can read someone's DNA, you may be able to figure out who they are. That's why researchers are seeking new ways of gaining patients' trust and keeping them involved—for instance by giving them more control over how their samples are used or being more transparent about the studies that their data are used in. Some are looking at popular…
  • [Special Issue News] The Privacy Arms Race: When your voice betrays you

    David Shultz
    29 Jan 2015 | 4:00 pm
    Like a fingerprint or an iris scan, every voice is unique. Security companies have embraced voice recognition—in which a segment of speech is recorded and the frequencies at which the sound is concentrated are analyzed—as a convenient new layer of authentication. Physical and behavioral traits of the speaker create a unique spectral signature, and demand for the technology is now skyrocketing. But experts worry that voiceprints could be used to identify speakers without their consent and compromise their anonymity, infringing on their privacy and freedom of speech. How and when…
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    Bitesize Bio

  • Beginners Guide to Fume Hoods and Safety Cabinets

    Jason Erk
    28 Jan 2015 | 4:00 am
    As with any experiment, choosing the right personal protective equipment is essential. In this series we'll take a look at what different types of hoods add to your arsenal of PPE, what they do and how you can benefit by using them. First, why do I even need a hood? It’s common to run a variety of assays at an open bench. But, when you begin to work with microorganisms, vectors, shuttles for RNAi, or others that are classified with health hazards similar in scope to an assortment of everyday chemical reagents, (not to mention organisms that are infectious enough to spread from person…
  • Proximity Ligation Assay (PLA) for Dummies

    Michelle van Geldermalsen
    26 Jan 2015 | 10:53 am
    It’s a familiar story – molecular biology meets protein science, they get closer and sparks fly. But how exactly does a proximity ligation assay (PLA) work and how do you make sure yours will have a happy ending? What PLA Does PLA allows you to detect individual proteins or individual protein interactor pairs without ectopic overexpression. It can provide information on the location and concentration of your target proteins. And it can be used to detect post-translational modifications of proteins. How PLA Works Put simply, PLA is the conversion of protein recognition events into…
  • Guard Yourself with Our Guide to Gloves

    Megan Cartwright
    26 Jan 2015 | 4:00 am
                      We scientists wear them all the time, but have you ever stopped to ask: what good are gloves? Why are there so many kinds? And what happens when you put one straight into liquid nitrogen?                   Gloves protect your skin (and often the rest of you) from the numerous hazards lurking in labs, from toxic chemicals and hot glassware to toothy mice. To help you stay safe, we'll review the many types of gloves, then give you some handy tips on double-gloving, working with liquid nitrogen, coping with latex allergies, and following glove…
  • An introduction to Photoactivated Localization Microscopy (PALM)

    22 Jan 2015 | 2:00 am
    A Nobel Prize-winning breakthrough Superresolution microscopy has stepped into the lime light earlier this year when Eric Betzig, Stefan Hell and William Moerner were awarded the Nobel Prize in Chemistry for their work on breaking through the diffraction barrier of fluorescence microscopy. The part Eric Betzig played in this ground-breaking achievement was the invention of Photoactivated Localization Microscopy (PALM) along with his colleague Harald Hess. PALM imaging involves pin-pointing individual molecules in a sample and then reconstructing a superresolution image from hundreds of…
  • Six Ways to Measure T Cell Responses

    Olwen Reina
    21 Jan 2015 | 7:00 am
    T cells can be problematic to characterise because they have a wide variety of subtypes and because of the technical difficulties of studying the membrane-bound T cell receptor, but there are situations where you want to be able to do this such as analysing the degree to which immunological memory has been induced to measuring how well an individual mounts a response to a particular antigen. If you do want to study T cell responses, don’t fear! There are various ways to achieve this, and these assays fall into two main categories: those that detect the activation of T cells in response to a…
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    PHD Comics

  • 01/19/15 PHD comic: 'On Schedule'

    19 Jan 2015 | 9:06 am
    Piled Higher & Deeper by Jorge Cham title: "On Schedule" - originally published 1/19/2015 For the latest news in PHD Comics, CLICK HERE!
  • 01/14/15 PHD comic: 'The PHD Movie 2 is in production!'

    19 Jan 2015 | 9:05 am
    Piled Higher & Deeper by Jorge Cham title: "The PHD Movie 2 is in production!" - originally published 1/14/2015 For the latest news in PHD Comics, CLICK HERE!
  • 01/07/15 PHD comic: 'Make a plan.'

    9 Jan 2015 | 12:06 am
    Piled Higher & Deeper by Jorge Cham title: "Make a plan." - originally published 1/7/2015 For the latest news in PHD Comics, CLICK HERE!
  • 01/05/15 PHD comic: 'Reso-loophole.'

    5 Jan 2015 | 5:18 pm
    Piled Higher & Deeper by Jorge Cham title: "Reso-loophole." - originally published 1/5/2015 For the latest news in PHD Comics, CLICK HERE!
  • 12/24/14 PHD comic: 'Christmas Morning'

    26 Dec 2014 | 5:56 pm
    Piled Higher & Deeper by Jorge Cham title: "Christmas Morning" - originally published 12/24/2014 For the latest news in PHD Comics, CLICK HERE!
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    ZME Science

  • Stunning Neurons on Canvas Painted by a Neuroscientist

    Tibi Puiu
    30 Jan 2015 | 6:37 am
    The human brain is often described as the most beautiful organism in the Universe. We say this because of the beautiful things the mind, sustained by the brain, can create and imagine. Greg Dunn earned his PhD in Neuroscience at the University of Pennsylvania in 2011, but while his colleagues are fiddling with microscopes to unravel the inner workings of brain cells, he works with a paintbrush to magnify neurons on a canvas. His work shows a brain whose beauty transcends romanticism and awes in its raw form.
  • Universal flu vaccine: now closer than ever

    Tibi Puiu
    30 Jan 2015 | 5:51 am
    Researchers have identified a new class of antibodies that are capable of neutralizing a wide range of influenza A viruses, a discovery that could potentially lead to a universal flu vaccine. The vaccine would be applied only once an, instead of once every flu season today. Protection against all strains of flue, even mutated ones, would be assured for life according to scientists at McMaster and the Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, New York.
  • One in five Americans are deeply religious and scientifically literate, but reject evolution

    Tibi Puiu
    30 Jan 2015 | 3:57 am
    There's no secret that evolution directly contradicts religious views on creationism. What's surprising, however, is that many people who are scientifically literate - that is, they're knowledgeable about scientific topics and appreciate its practical usage on a day to day basis - reject mainstream scientific accounts of evolution and the big bang, Around one in five Americans fall in this scope, according to Timothy L. O'Brien, an assistant professor of sociology at the University of Evansville and the lead author of the study. This suggests that scientific literacy does not necessarily…
  • Big Difference Between What the Science Says and What the Public Believes

    Mihai Andrei
    30 Jan 2015 | 3:41 am
    At least in the US, there is a huge difference between what the general public thinks and what scientists think – and this is a big problem. Science is at the core of any nation – it influences the economy, the public life, the health… pretty much everything – everybody agrees on this; but despite this agreement, the beliefs of people
  • Green tea ingredient may target protein to kill oral cancer cells

    livia rusu
    30 Jan 2015 | 1:20 am
    A component found in green tea may be very effective at destroying oral cancer cells, while leaving healthy cells alone. The research from Penn State could become very useful in fighting oral cancer, as well sa other types of cancer.
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  • Kanpai! Kuraray toasts to harmony and good fortune with traditional Kagamiwari Ceremony

    29 Jan 2015 | 3:34 pm
    Editor’s Note: This post was provided by Kuraray, local sponsor to the special exhibition Samurai: The Way of the Warrior on display now at HMNS. Kagami-biraki is a traditional Japanese ceremony performed at celebratory events in which the lid of a sake barrel is broken open with a wooden mallet and the sake subsequently served. The kagami is a symbol of harmony and the kagami-biraki, represents opening to harmony and good fortune. Recently, Kuraray purchased the MonoSol company, the global market-leading manufacturer of water-soluble polyvinyl alcohol (PVOH) films. Their products are…
  • The Battle of the Beard: Tut’s shave stirs controversy

    28 Jan 2015 | 11:00 am
    I work in Cairo, and this week I had the interesting experience of being at the edge of a huge news story. Ancient Egypt is always popular but I’ve never seen anything like the media scrum that descended on the Cairo Museum last week. You all know why – the Minister for Antiquities and his colleagues were responding to allegations that the gold and glass beard on the funerary mask of Tutankhamun had been damaged by restorers. The truth was rather more prosaic than some of the wilder flights of fancy that had been circulating beforehand. Courtesy J. Smythe As most Egyptologists know, and…
  • Educator How-To: Crystals, Geometry and Chemistry

    Carolyn L
    27 Jan 2015 | 6:00 am
    Math is beautiful and inescapable. Especially in nature, patterns and equations just keep showing up.  The path of an orbiting planet, the growth of a nautilus, arrangements of leaves on a stem, the efficient packing of a honeycomb; we can find rules and algorithms and make predictions from them. Crystals, with their obediently repeating structure, are an elegant manifestation of the ‘rules.’  To be a crystal, your building blocks (atoms, molecules, or ions) must follow patterns over and over and over and over and over.  Atoms, being predictable, simply do what their chemical…
  • Unmasking Everyday Superheroes with HMNS Outreach!

    Guest Contributor
    24 Jan 2015 | 3:41 pm
    Editor’s Note: This post was written by HMNS Outreach Presenter Sahil Patel. Up in the sky, look! It’s a bird! It’s a plane! Wait, no, it actually is a bird, flying faster than most cars. Superpowers, such as the Flash-like super speed of the peregrine falcon above, are abundant throughout the natural world and specifically highlighted by several specimens in the HMNS Outreach collection. Meet Hamilton the blue-tongued skink, who has the ability to regrow most of his tail should it be separated from his body! In addition to a stuffed peregrine falcon that travels with our Texas…
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    Chemical Heritage Foundation

  • othmeralia: The Othmer Library recently received a wonderful...

    28 Jan 2015 | 1:57 pm
    othmeralia: The Othmer Library recently received a wonderful donation of 17 various editions of the works of Paul De Kruif.  One of the most amazing things about this comprehensive set of books is that they all have different covers or dust jackets spanning the 1920s to the 1990s.  Two editions of Microbe Hunters and Hunger Fighters are illustrated by wood cut artist Betrand Zandig.  You can see how striking his black and white art is in this selection of covers and illustrations.  Little is known of Zandig but his work is most distinctive. We wrote about Microbe Hunters in the latest…
  • Knowledge is often lost through accident, acts of nature, or...

    23 Jan 2015 | 7:44 am
    Knowledge is often lost through accident, acts of nature, or obsolescence. Once gone, it’s usually gone forever. But a recent piece in the New York Times offered a rare example of knowledge recovered from natural disaster. Nicholas Wade reports in the Times that the compete destruction of a library in Herculaneum by Mount Vesuvius’s eruption in 79 CE (the same eruption that destroyed Pompeii) may at least be partially undone by modern technology, in this case by X-rays from the European Synchrotron in Grenoble, France. It’s not that the X-rays can undo the damage to the papyrus, which…
  • Distillations Podcast: Trash Talk: The Persistence of Waste

    21 Jan 2015 | 8:18 am
    In case you hadn’t noticed, during our short time on Earth we humans have created a lot of stuff. Some of it is life-altering, like the device you’re looking at right now, and some of it is pretty silly, like those plastic, banana-shaped containers made for holding bananas. Regardless of their value, these objects all have one thing in common: one day they will become trash. For all the time we spend creating these wonders, we don’t devote much energy to thinking about what happens when their intended life-cycles run out. This episode of Distillations traces the history of trash,…
  • The "CSI" of Paintings

    15 Jan 2015 | 7:09 am
    Many paintings contain secrets hidden to the naked eye. Only after careful analysis can specialists uncover the mysteries hidden underneath the top layers of paint. One long forgotten painting attributed to the 17th-century artist Pietro da Cortona has many strange features only recently revealed. I am now exploring the painting’s mysteries with a team at Villanova University as part of a two-year restoration project. As an art conservator, I had questions at the start of the restoration process: How many hands were involved in executing the giant 12 by 20 foot canvas? Was this painting…
  • skunkbear: A cow head will not erupt from your body if you get...

    14 Jan 2015 | 9:20 am
    skunkbear: A cow head will not erupt from your body if you get a smallpox vaccine. But fear of inoculation was so wide-spread that British satirist James Gillray published this cartoon in 1802. The captions reads “The Cow Pock, or the Wonderful Effects of the New Inoculation- the Publication of the Anti Vaccine Society.” More about the history of smallpox and its eradication here. For more about the history of medicine, check out this magazine article by Robert Hicks about pharmaceuticals during the American Civil War.
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    YouTube: Science


    23 Jan 2015 | 12:00 pm
    TIME TRAVELING PICKUP MASTER Special thanks to Project Almanac – In theaters January 30th – Get tickets ▻▻ In anticipation of the new film Project Almanac, we sent Ian back in time to... From: Smosh Views: 1829830 60390 ratings Time: 05:23 More in Entertainment
  • Honest Trailers - Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles (2014)

    Screen Junkies
    23 Dec 2014 | 10:00 am
    Honest Trailers - Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles (2014) Become a Screen Junkie! ▻▻ Watch more Honest Trailers ▻▻ Turtle power! Relive 2014's hit reboot of... From: Screen Junkies Views: 3793636 47541 ratings Time: 04:57 More in Film & Animation
  • 209 Seconds That Will Make You Question Your Entire Existence

    18 Dec 2014 | 6:50 pm
    209 Seconds That Will Make You Question Your Entire Existence Every time you get upset about something small, just remember this. Check out more awesome BuzzFeedBlue videos! MUSIC Robotix L... From: BuzzFeedBlue Views: 3932734 60494 ratings Time: 03:31 More in Science & Technology
  • Honest Trailers - Guardians of the Galaxy

    Screen Junkies
    9 Dec 2014 | 10:00 am
    Honest Trailers - Guardians of the Galaxy Become a Screen Junkie! ▻▻ Watch more Honest Trailers ▻▻ Guardians of the Galaxy ruled the summer ... From: Screen Junkies Views: 8418763 99902 ratings Time: 04:57 More in Film & Animation
  • Honest Trailers - Dawn of the Planet of the Apes

    Screen Junkies
    2 Dec 2014 | 10:00 am
    Honest Trailers - Dawn of the Planet of the Apes Become a Screen Junkie! ▻▻ Watch more Honest Trailers ▻▻ Audiences went bananas over the latest fi... From: Screen Junkies Views: 3100631 46356 ratings Time: 03:31 More in Film & Animation
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    NOVA | PBS

  • Sinking Ship Guitar Hero

    27 Jan 2015 | 9:00 pm
    As the ship Oceanos began to sink, a guitarist aboard helped lift passengers to safety.
  • Sinkholes—Buried Alive

    27 Jan 2015 | 9:00 pm
    The catastrophic collapse of the ground beneath our feet is a growing worldwide hazard.
  • Sunken Ship Rescue

    27 Jan 2015 | 9:00 pm
    A team of 500 engineers and divers struggle to raise the Costa Concordia cruise ship.
  • The Great Math Mystery

    27 Jan 2015 | 9:00 pm
    Is math invented by humans, or is it the language of the universe?
  • Building Wonders

    20 Jan 2015 | 9:00 pm
    See how three magnificent ancient structures were engineered in this three-part series.
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    Drugs & Health Blog

  • Shattering Drug Myths During National Drug Facts Week (NDFW)

    The NIDA Blog Team
    26 Jan 2015 | 12:00 am
    Every year, for the past five years, we at NIDA have dedicated ourselves to helping people get the facts about drugs, drug use, and the consequences of use. This year, with over 1,000 NDFW events in every state, more teens than ever before will have a chance to learn something that may change the course of their lives.  Can teens really have that much control over their future?  Absolutely.   The truth is that learning the facts about drugs helps people to make informed decisions.   And even if we all sometimes make mistakes or take risks (when we know better) taking some time to learn…
  • InstaBuzzed: Celebrities, Drugs, and Social Media

    The NIDA Blog Team
    22 Jan 2015 | 12:00 am
    Do you like the summertime feel of Valencia, the creamy black and white texture of Willow, or the soft pastels of Nashville?  If you’re one of the 76% of teens are on Instagram, it’s likely you have a few “go-to” photo filters you use whenever you post.  There are more teens on Instagram than any other social media platform—and many follow their favorite actors, singers, and athletes. With celebrities racking up millions of followers, it’s a bummer that some of them use their reach and power to promote their use of alcohol and drugs. Wiz Khalifa, Diplo, Rihanna, and Nicky Minaj…
  • Traumatic Brain Injury and Drug Use—A Closer Look

    The NIDA Blog Team
    15 Jan 2015 | 12:00 am
    It’s the big game. You’re running full speed toward the goal line. You have it in sight. You are focused. You are fast. This is it. BAM! You’ve been hit. This is not it. The ball is gone. The moment is passed. And you are on your back. Nothing is broken. But your brain has been rattled. That hit has led to a traumatic brain injury (TBI). TBI happens when a bump, blow, jolt, or other head injury causes damage to the brain. Every brain injury, even a concussion, is a TBI. A concussion happens when the brain bumps the skull, causing mild damage, almost like a bruise. Usually a concussion…
  • “I Wish That I Could Be Like The Cool Kids.”

    The NIDA Blog Team
    12 Jan 2015 | 12:00 am
    The popular lyrics hit home for many of us. There probably isn’t a teen out there that at some point hasn’t wanted to be part of the cool crowd.  Just about everyone knows who the cool kids are and gossips about what they do.  Of course, what’s cool in your school may not be cool at a different school in another city or part of the country.  For example, a few years back, one teen, Shelby Marie Raye, won a NIDA Addiction Science Award for her research on what makes kids cool.  In her school, sports were in. Honors classes were out. And drugs and alcohol were less cool the older…
  • Designated Drivers—You Are Not Alone

    The NIDA Blog Team
    8 Jan 2015 | 12:00 am
    A new survey from Mothers Against Drunk Driving (MADD) and Nationwide Insurance found that 3 out of 4 people use designated drivers (DD). The DD is the person who does not drink, use drugs, or even take medication that might impair their driving.  By the way, the DD is NOT the least drunk person in the group---they are the ones who don’t use any drug or alcohol at all at a party or event, even a little bit. Why do they choose DDs? Because they want to get home in one piece.  The MADD survey reveals that 75% of the people who volunteer to be the DD do so because they want to get home…
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    Mr Science Show

  • Science for kids - Slime

    14 Jan 2015 | 2:46 am
    Everyone likes slime! And it's easy to make, in its various forms.Cornflour Slime:All you need is cornflour (made from actual corn - maize - not the "wheaten" version you can get in Australia, which is made from wheat), water, some colouring, a bowl and a spoon. The process is: Pour cornflour into a bowl, Stir in small amounts of water until the cornflour becomes a thick paste. I prefer to have the water coloured at this point, as it helps to more effectively spread the colour throughout the slime.And that's it. Try stirring the slime slowly (should be easy) and then quickly (should be almost…
  • Science for kids - Elephant Toothpaste

    10 Jan 2015 | 12:41 am
    Gooey stuff is always pretty exciting for kids. This is called elephant toothpaste because, well, that's what it looks like. The experiment is fairly simple. The ingredients are:125ml 6% Hydrogen Peroxide (ask at the chemist)1 Sachet Dry Yeast (powder) + a few tablespoons of warm waterDetergentFood colouringEmpty bottleFunnelYou might want to wear gloves and goggles when handling the hydrogen peroxide. Add the hydrogen peroxide, a few drops of food colouring and a good squirt of detergent to the empty bottle, then swirl the mixture. Separately, combine the yeast with a few tablespoons of warm…
  • Science for kids - detergent powered boats

    9 Jan 2015 | 8:38 pm
    This is an easy one, assuming you occasionally clean your dishes. You just need some bread ties, water and detergent. The video is a little unimpressive, but you could dress the bread ties up to make them look like boats. Essentially, the detergent is breaking the surface tension of the water, and if you break the surface tension behind the bread tie, the tension in front of the tie pulls it forward. Detergents are surfactants, which means they have a polar end (which is attracted to water) and a non-polar end (which is attracted to oil and grease). This is how detergents (and soaps) bond to…
  • Ep 156: Science for kids - home-made lava-lamp

    9 Jan 2015 | 8:14 pm
    This Christmas break, I have been mucking around with science experiments for my kids. Here is the first of a few easy experiments you can try at home.The following videos show you how to make a home-made lava lamp. It is very simple - grab a clear cup (or bottle or vase or flask), fill it about a third full of water and two thirds full of oil. The oil floats on the water as it has a lower density. Add some food colouring (you can do this at the start directly to the water, or after you have added the oil - this has the added benefit of showing that the food colouring does not dissolve in the…
  • Science for kids - Coloured flowers

    9 Jan 2015 | 8:14 pm
    This is quite a simple one. Grab some carnations (or other white flowers), a vase, some food colouring and water. Add a generous amount of colouring to the water (20-odd drops), add the flowers, and wait. It can take longer than a day, especially if you haven't quite added enough colouring, so be patient. Here are some shots we took of our red and blue flowers (I reckon you can be more impressive than this!):The flowers turned blue quicker than red for me, and others have seen similar things (anyone know why?)The science on display is the capillary action of the water - that is, how the…
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    EurekAlert! - Breaking News

  • Hot on the trail of the hepatitis-liver cancer connection

    29 Jan 2015 | 9:00 pm
    Using whole genomic sequencing, scientists from RIKEN in Japan have for the first time demonstrated the profound effect that chronic hepatitis infection and inflammation can have on the genetic mutations found in tumors of the liver, potentially paving the way to a better understanding of the mechanisms through which these chronic infections can lead to cancer.
  • 'Vast majority' of neurosurgeons practice defensive medicine

    29 Jan 2015 | 9:00 pm
    More than three-fourths US neurosurgeons practice some form of defensive medicine -- performing additional tests and procedures out of fear of malpractice lawsuits, reports a special article in the February issue of Neurosurgery, official journal of the Congress of Neurological Surgeons. The journal is published by Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, a part of Wolters Kluwer Health.
  • Fluorescent dyes 'light up' brain cancer cells, reports Neurosurgery

    29 Jan 2015 | 9:00 pm
    Two new fluorescent dyes attracted to cancer cells may help neurosurgeons more accurately localize and completely resect brain tumors, suggests a study in the February issue of Neurosurgery, official journal of the Congress of Neurological Surgeons. The journal is published by Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, a part of Wolters Kluwer Health.
  • Mobile and interactive media use by young children: The good, the bad and the unknown

    29 Jan 2015 | 9:00 pm
    Mobile devices are everywhere and children are using them more frequently at young ages. The impact these mobile devices are having on the development and behavior of children is still relatively unknown. In a commentary in the journal Pediatrics, researchers review the many types of interactive media available today and raise important questions regarding their use as educational tools, as well as their potential detrimental role in stunting the development of important tools for self-regulation.
  • Tweeting about sexism may improve a woman's wellbeing

    29 Jan 2015 | 9:00 pm
    Publicly tweeting about sexism could improve a woman's wellbeing as it has the potential to let them express themselves in ways that feel like they can make a difference.
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    The Daily Galaxy --Great Discoveries Channel: Sci, Space, Tech

  • Image of the Day: "Massive Bubbles" --New 3-D Probe Inside an Iconic Milky Way Supernova
    29 Jan 2015 | 12:23 pm
    This composite image shows two perspectives of a three-dimensional reconstruction of the Cassiopeia A supernova remnant. This new 3-D map provides the first detailed look at the distribution of stellar debris following a supernova explosion. Such 3-D reconstructions encode important information for astronomers about how massive stars actually explode. The blue-to-red colors correspond to the varying speed of the emitting gas along our line of sight. The background is a Hubble Space Telescope composite image of the supernova remnant. Cassiopeia A, or Cas A for short, is one of the most well…
  • Previously Unknown Window --"May Reveal Existence of Hidden Dark-Matter Particles"
    29 Jan 2015 | 7:54 am
    Dark Matter is thought to exist because of its gravitational effects on stars and galaxies, gravitational lensing (the bending of light rays) around these, and through its imprint on the Cosmic Microwave Background (the afterglow of the Big Bang). Researchers at the University of Southampton have proposed a new fundamental particle which could explain why no one has managed to detect 'Dark Matter', the elusive missing 85 per cent of the Universe's mass. Despite compelling indirect evidence and considerable experimental effort, no one has managed to detect Dark Matter directly. Particle…
  • A Quantum View of Space (Yet Another Win for Einstein!)
    29 Jan 2015 | 4:30 am
    Ever since Einstein proposed his special theory of relativity in 1905, physics and cosmology have been based on the assumption that space looks the same in all directions -- that it's not squeezed in one direction relative to another. A new experiment by physicists used partially entangled atoms -- identical to the qubits in a quantum computer -- to demonstrate more precisely than ever before that this is true: to one part in a billion billion. The universal quantum computer, first proposed by David Deutsch in 1985, has a marvelous property: it can simulate any physically possible…
  • Extreme Worlds May be Habitable
    28 Jan 2015 | 5:34 pm
    Two phenomena known to inhibit the potential habitability of planets -- tidal forces and vigorous stellar activity -- might instead help chances for life on certain planets orbiting low-mass stars by combining to transform uninhabitable "mini-Neptunes" -- big planets in outer orbits with solid cores and thick hydrogen atmospheres -- into closer-in, gas-free, potentially habitable worlds. Most of the stars in our galaxy are low-mass stars, also called M dwarfs. Smaller and dimmer than the sun, with close-in habitable zones, they make good targets for finding and studying potentially habitable…
  • "Since the Beginning of Time, It is Almost impossible that Mars Ever had Water"
    28 Jan 2015 | 9:48 am
    "Since the beginning of time, this planet was characterised by intense heat and volcanic activity, which would have evaporated any possible water and made the emergence of life highly unlikely," asserts ETH Zurich geophysicist Giovanni Leone. The two hemispheres of Mars are more different from any other planet in our solar system. Non-volcanic, flat lowlands characterise the northern hemisphere, while highlands punctuated by countless volcanoes extend across the southern hemisphere. Although theories and assumptions about the origin of this so-called and often-discussed Mars dichotomy abound,…
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  • GRASP Lab's PostDoc, Yeganeh Mashayekh Hayeri, featured in "What this ‘Impact’ Specialist says about Autonomous Transportation"

    23 Jan 2015 | 1:22 pm
    Is this an award?:  No Is this from an external media source?:  Yes Article Date:  01/23/2015  
  • Elizabeth Beattie makes Forbes 2015 "30 Under 30" Science List

    21 Jan 2015 | 11:11 am
    Is this an award?:  Yes Is this from an external media source?:  Yes Article Date:  01/05/2015 Kind of like Iron Man: Imagine an exoskeleton that gave the wearer an extra forty pounds of bicep strength. That’s what the Titan Arm, which Elizabeth Beattie designed, can do. But now she’s working small, creating tiny robots propelled by organisms like E. coli that can sense toxins, chemicals, or light, perhaps to diagnose disease or deliver drugs.Read more...
  • Quad copters highlighted in "CES 2015: Unleash the Drones!" by MIT Technology Review

    21 Jan 2015 | 11:08 am
    Is this an award?:  No Is this from an external media source?:  Yes Article Date:  01/07/2015 CES 2015: Release the Drones! Another quad copter on display ca
  • GRASP Lab's RoboMentor Program in the Daily Pennsylvanian

    25 Nov 2014 | 11:43 am
    Is this an award?:  No Is this from an external media source?:  Yes Article Date:  11/25/2014 Mentors to help high schoolers GRASP robotics By Jennifer Wright ・ 12 hours ago  
  • Dr. Vijay Kumar on Mint India

    6 Nov 2014 | 12:44 pm
    Is this an award?:  No Is this from an external media source?:  Yes Article Date:  11/03/2014 Dr. Vijay Kumar on Mint India...Check out the Video!!!Dr. Vijay Kumar, roboticist and professor of Engineering and Applied Sciences at the University of Pennsylvania discusses UAVs, swarm robotics and collaboration with some start-ups to apply his advanced robotics technology in various industries in India.​
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    Science and Enterprise

  • Cancer Progress Indicators Devised

    29 Jan 2015 | 2:45 pm
    Value matrix for melanoma. Treatment goal is arrayed on the left axis and disease state on the right. Circles in each cell indicate treatments, showing their strength of evidence and availability. (Rose Li and Associates) 29 January 2015. Researchers in public health and cancer medicine developed statistical tools that capture findings on cancer treatments and care, and provide indicators of progress in defeating the disease. A team from Lilly Oncology — with colleagues from the U.S., Germany, U.K., and Italy — published its findings about the Continuous Innovation Indicators…
  • AstraZeneca Begins Four Gene-Editing Collaborations

    29 Jan 2015 | 10:44 am
    CRISPR illustration (AstraZeneca) 29 January 2015. The pharmaceutical company AstraZeneca is taking part in collaborations with research institutes and a company in the U.S. and U.K. to discover new drug targets based on an emerging genome-editing technology. Financial and intellectual property details of the partnerships with Wellcome Trust Sanger Institute, Innovative Genomics Initiative, Broad Institute and Whitehead Institute, and Thermo Fisher Scientific were not disclosed. Through the partnerships, AstraZeneca aims to apply clustered regularly interspaced short palindromic repeats or…
  • Trial to Test Drug to Delay Early-Onset Alzheimer’s

    28 Jan 2015 | 3:12 pm
    (National Institute of Mental Health) 28 January 2015. A clinical trial is planned to test a current drug for epilepsy as a way to delay the early onset of Alzheimer’s disease. The late-stage trial undertaken by AgeneBio Inc., a start-up pharmaceutical company in Baltimore, is funded by a $900,000 grant from Alzheimer’s Drug Discovery Foundation. The trial aims to address amnestic mild cognitive impairment, considered an indicator and predictor of Alzheimer’s disease. The condition is marked by memory, language, and judgement difficulties greater than expected age-related…
  • Material Developed to Prevent Li-Ion Battery Fires

    28 Jan 2015 | 11:21 am
    The aramid-nanofiber membrane is stable at high temperatures and resists igniting, even when subjected to a direct flame. (Joseph Xu, University of Michigan) 28 January 2015. Materials scientists and engineers at University of Michigan designed a new material to better protect lithium-ion batteries from starting fires like the kind on Boeing 787 Dreamliners. The team from the lab of engineering professor Nicholas Kotov published its findings yesterday in the journal Nature Communications (paid subscription required). Kotov and first author Siu-On Tung are principals in the spin-off company…
  • Trial Shows Drug Reduces Depression in One Day

    27 Jan 2015 | 2:17 pm
    ( 27 January 2015. A clinical trial testing a new drug to treat major depressive disorder shows the drug improved symptoms in patients after a single dose within one day. The intermediate-stage trial was conducted by Naurex Inc., a biopharmaceutical company in Evanston, Illinois and a spin-off from Northwestern University. Naurex develops drugs for diseases of the central nervous system that stimulate N-Methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptors, molecules found in synapses, a part of nerve cells that permit sending and receiving of signals.NMDA receptorshelp keep synapses flexible, which…
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    Lake Scientist | Lake Scientist

  • Scientists Urge Action For Disappearing Lake Urmia

    Daniel Kelly
    29 Jan 2015 | 6:24 am
    In an article penned for The Guardian, scientists who have just completed a study covering two years of desiccation to Iran’s Lake Urmia urge action to protect the once ecologically rich water body. While international help is important for bringing the lake back to its old glory – it was once the largest saltwater lake in the Middle East – the bulk of the work will have to be done by Iranians themselves, they say. The recommendations come after the researchers, all of whom are of Iranian descent, found that the lake’s surface area was about 12 percent of its average in the…
  • Two Subglacial Lakes In Greenland Disappear

    Daniel Kelly
    27 Jan 2015 | 7:00 am
    With the help of high-resolution satellite images, scientists at Ohio State University have found that two subglacial lakes in the Greenland ice sheet have effectively disappeared, according to Live Science. The loss of the lakes, they say, signals a major shift in the mechanics of the ice sheet that could be linked to broader environmental changes. Researchers at the school made the discovery after large volumes of meltwater, predicted at billions of gallons in quantity, were found flushing to the sea, leaving behind large sunken craters in their wake. One was so large, according to the…
  • Study: Algal Blooms Optimize Conditions To Support Growth

    Daniel Kelly
    22 Jan 2015 | 7:18 am
    A study led by scientists at Dartmouth College suggests that reducing algal blooms in U.S. lakes may not be as simple as cutting phosphorus loads from runoff, according to WYSO public radio. Algae, the researchers found, appear to be able to make use of nutrient deposits buried in sediments long ago. Some have tried to explain why lakes with reduced phosphorus inputs, like Minnesota’s Lake of the Woods, can still be experiencing blooms, or even worse – bigger blooms. Warmer temperatures, experts put forth, are making it easier for algae to proliferate. This study, published in the…
  • Research Summary: Improving Nearshore Bathymetric Surveys Using Satellite Images

    Guest Submissions
    21 Jan 2015 | 6:20 am
    1Department of Ecology, Evolution and Environmental Biology, Columbia University, New York 2The Nature Conservancy, Central Science Department, Arlington, VA Bathymetry is traditionally done using an echo sounder fitted on the bottom of a boat. This method is accurate in measuring depth. However, its applicability is constrained by high operating cost, inefficiency, and inapplicability to shallow waters (Gao, 2009). Typical bathymetry models which lack data from shallow waters often extrapolate the lake bottom surface to the un-surveyed shores (Figure 1), but suffer from large uncertainties…
  • Lake Tahoe Sees Mysterious Loss Of Aquatic Animals And Vegetation

    Daniel Kelly
    20 Jan 2015 | 7:24 am
    Scientists at the University of Nevada, Reno, are working to figure out why small animals and plants that typically inhabit the bottom of Lake Tahoe are dying off at an accelerated pace, according to the Associated Press. The losses are affecting stoneflies, bottom shrimp and water mites. Still other animals have been impacted more dramatically, with populations of blind amphipods and the Tahoe flatworm dropping more than 99 percent. “They are disappearing. It’s unprecedented. It’s absolutely dramatic,” said Sudeep Chandra, associate professor at the university, to the Reno…
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    Frontier Scientists

  • Never Alone – Iñupiat storytelling with spirit

    Laura Nielsen
    28 Jan 2015 | 1:56 am
    A young girl named Nuna aims carefully, flinging her bola at the shards of ice lingering in the windy sky above. The spirits answer. A crane appears: mysterious, beautiful, perhaps even sorrowful. Is it sorrowful for Nuna? I can’t say, but I know I’m entranced. Nuna is the heroine in Never Alone, a game crafted to […]
  • Squirrels’ role in climate change puzzle

    Laura Nielsen
    20 Jan 2015 | 5:52 pm
    Alaska’s North Slope is home to Arctic ground squirrels. Near the Atigun River their interlaced burrow network takes advantage of sandy soil. The burrows are so interconnected and the entrances so myriad that the scientists working there to decode Arctic ground squirrel mysteries carry a map denoting burrow entrance numbers so they can be certain […]
  • Continued Arctic changes, 2014

    Laura Nielsen
    13 Jan 2015 | 6:29 pm
    During high school when the day promised heat I used to spend a minute in the morning to put sunglasses on my car. They were ‘shutter shades’, louvered sunglasses printed in bold lines on folded white cardboard meant to be spread just under the windshield. The car may not have contained power anything, a reliably […]
  • Precautions amidst uncertainty

    Laura Nielsen
    7 Jan 2015 | 11:40 am
    “The question is not ‘do we know everything?’ it is ‘do we know enough?’ or ‘how can we best make a decision using what we do know?’ ~ Sense About Science publication: ‘Making Sense of Uncertainty’ In cities where heat waves are already becoming more frequent or more intense, the installation of heat watch warning […]
  • Serious gaming STEM education

    Laura Nielsen
    30 Dec 2014 | 6:39 pm
    As another ecological disaster struck the simulated Arctic spread across our table top, every player groaned. I’d retained one sea ice card in reserve so I only had to lose one from my marine ecosystem; I tried to jostle the species that had been supported by the lost ice into other positions along still thriving […]
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    Midwest Labs Blog | Omaha, Nebraska

  • McDonalds – Behind the Counter

    Pohlman Brent
    29 Jan 2015 | 7:56 pm
    You have to see this news story regarding McDonald’s. Are you aware that each bun has 360 sesame seeds on it. Hamburgers are grilled by a machine and can produce a final product in 38 seconds. The goal is to serve clients their food in less than 60 seconds. It is a really interesting look […]
  • Soil Samplers Taking Advantage of Mild Winter

    Pohlman Brent
    28 Jan 2015 | 9:23 pm
    This January there has been a rush for sampling supplies. Currently, soil probes are in strong demand and manufacturer’s can’t keep up with the demand. Soil Probes – If you are thinking of ordering a probe for sampling today or this spring, place your order now. Supplies are limited and demand is high and demand will […]
  • 33.5 Inches of Snow and its impact

    Pohlman Brent
    27 Jan 2015 | 9:14 pm
    Check out this news clip from the Boston Massachusetts area regarding today’s snow storm. See for yourself what 33.5 inches of snow looks like. Here is another story that looks at this storm and its impact along the east coast. Some incredible footage here. photo credit: praetoriansentry via photopin cc
  • Some Fuel Saving Tips

    Pohlman Brent
    26 Jan 2015 | 4:42 am
    Here is a summary of tips that I came across in the Detroit Free Press Article, Fuel-saving tips for winter driving by Mark Phelan, January 24, 2015. There are some really good tips here: Don’t sit idling to warm the engine up; that gets you 0 m.p.g. Most manufacturers recommend driving off after about 30 […]
  • We need Farmers to Feed the World

    Pohlman Brent
    23 Jan 2015 | 5:51 am
    Take a second and check out this article, “The only thing that will feed the world is farmers” John Hart, Southeast Farm Press – December 17, 2104 “There is no single technology that will feed the world. The only thing that will feed the world is farmers,” Savage said at a forum on agricultural biotechnology […]
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  • Google Analytics for Business sites

    29 Jan 2015 | 9:00 am
    The Stats on are a special favorite of many site owners — it’s our second-most visited screen. At a glance, you can see when you get the most traffic, which posts are making the biggest impact, who your most frequent commenters are, and more. It’s a great way to gain insights into your visitors and your site. To complement our built-in stats and to give you even more information about your traffic, you can now use Google Analytics with, as part of the Business plan. Add the Business plan to your site and get everything you need to…
  • One Theme, Three Ways: Customizing Twenty Fifteen

    Ben Huberman
    27 Jan 2015 | 8:00 am
    Our default theme this year, Twenty Fifteen, draws visitors’ eyes to what matters most — the text and images you publish on your site. Crisp typography, generous spacing, streamlined navigation: Twenty Fifteen shows that less can indeed be more (and that it can look great on any device). Keeping things simple and streamlined doesn’t mean you can’t make a theme your own, of course. From free custom color schemes (pictured in the gallery above) to a vertical header area with ample space to channel your (and your site’s) personality, Twenty Fifteen is a…
  • Notifications just got a boost!

    Fred Cheng
    20 Jan 2015 | 11:04 am
    If you’ve been tuning in to Hot Off the Press, you’ll know about recent updates to the interface along with some fantastic technical upgrades. To continue the momentum, we’ve introduced more interactive and robust notifications throughout (Coming soon to a Jetpack blog near you.) Keep an eye on the new interface and let us know what you think! Why the change? We care about giving our users a streamlined and consistent experience across their devices. Unlike the old design, our new notifications look practically identical whether you are…
  • New Themes: Cubic and Wilson

    David A. Kennedy
    15 Jan 2015 | 7:40 am
    It’s Theme Thursday and today I’m happy to present two new free themes: Cubic and Wilson. Cubic Designed by’s own Thomas Guillot, Cubic is a clean, simple, and responsive theme. With its single-column, grid-based design crafted around large featured images, Cubic is the perfect fit for photobloggers. Read more about Cubic in the Theme Showcase, or activate it on your blog by going to Appearance → Themes. Wilson Designed by Anders Norén, Wilson is minimal yet bold. It’s a clean and simple theme for personal sites and blogs — make it your own with a…
  • Around the World in Nine Photos

    13 Jan 2015 | 8:00 am
    It’s in the grip of North American winter that I often dream of escape to warmer climates. Thanks to the Reader and the street photography tag, I can satisfy my travel yen whenever it strikes. Here are just some of the amazing photos and photographers I stumbled upon during a recent armchair trip. My first stop was Alexis Pazoumian’s fantastic SERIES: India at The Sundial Review. I loved the bold colors in this portrait and the man’s thoughtful expression. Photo by Alexis Pazoumian Speaking of expressions, the lead dog in Holly’s photo from Maslin Nude…
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    Science + Technology – Articles – The Conversation

  • Going a long way to do a quick data collection.

    Helen Maynard-Casely, Instrument Scientist at Australian Nuclear Science and Technology Organisation
    30 Jan 2015 | 2:09 am
    Like many a scientist before me, I have spent this week trying to grow a crystal. I wasn’t fussy, it didn’t have to be a single crystal – a smush of something would have done – just as long as it had a bit of long-range order. But no. Hours spent staring at a screen as the sample I wanted to study failed to sort out its atoms into something I could work with. Look it is pretty, but it’s not the crystal I was looking for. Author Sitting, staring at an experimental failure rather does make you think about and question many things. Moving on from the ‘why did I have this stupid idea…
  • How to raise tasty cannibal crabs

    Sri Juwana, Research professor at Research Center for Oceanography at Indonesian Institute of Sciences
    29 Jan 2015 | 7:08 pm
    Cannibalistic crabs are hard to hatch and rear, but researchers in Indonesia are finding ways to stop them from eating each other. alexsvirid/ShutterstockDo you like eating crabs? In Jakarta, enjoying the tasty crustaceans has become a hot trend, as more restaurants with names like The Holy Crab and Cut the Crab open up. Crabs are delicious delicacies, great to serve with spicy sauce, either fried or grilled. While crab meat is not yet a big part of the traditional Indonesian diet, crabs are already big business, here and globally. Crabs are very popular in China and the United States, the…
  • The football skills needed for victory in the Asian Cup final

    Kevin Ball, Doctor; Lecturer in Sports Biomechanics at Victoria University
    29 Jan 2015 | 11:33 am
    Socceroos all-time leading goal scorer Tim Cahill shows some of his ball skills to some young fans. AAP/Newzulu/Adam MarstersWatch out for some clever footwork and ball skills in this weekend’s Asian Cup final when the Socceroos face South Korea at Stadium Australia in Sydney on Saturday. The championship – played on Australian soil for the first time – has already shown off some amazing skills in a game many regard as the “true” football game. Tim Cahill’s bicycle kick – in the quater-final of the Socceroos against China – was one of many spectacular goals in the cup, so far.
  • Wheel Life - Cycling Recollections of the 1950s & 1960s

    Craig Fry, Associate Professor, Centre for Cultural Diversity and Wellbeing at Victoria University
    29 Jan 2015 | 1:41 am
    Australian cycling seems in great shape these days, with good crowd numbers at the elite races and championship events, and a new media broadcast deal by Cycling Australia set to boost coverage and public profile. An exciting new crop of elite road and track riders is emerging on the premier race podiums at home and abroad. And the heritage races of Australian cycling continue, with monuments like the 62nd Sun Tour (our oldest road stage race), the 100th Melbourne to Warrnambool classic (Australia’s oldest and the World’s second oldest road race), and the 118th Austral Wheelrace (oldest…
  • Ancient exoplanet discovery boosts chances of finding alien life

    Daniel Huber, Astronomer at University of Sydney
    28 Jan 2015 | 3:33 pm
    An artist's impression of the oldest known system of terrestrial-sized planets, Kepler-444. Tiago Campante/Peter Devine, University of Birmingham, Author providedOne of the crucial variables in calculating the likelihood that alien life exists elsewhere in our galaxy is the number of stars that possess planetary systems, and the proportion of those planets that might be suitable for life. So the discovery of no less than five sub-Earth-sized exoplanets orbiting an ancient star, Kepler-444, which is not too distant from our own solar system, has significant ramifications for the…
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  • Predictive text: Darwin’s computers

    David Bradley
    21 Jan 2015 | 1:05 am
    Charles Darwin’s IBM computers There are lots of quotes around attributed to the great and the good throughout the years, but often these are anything but direct quotes and in some cases turn out to have far more intriguing origins. For example, the quote often attributed to Thomas John Watson, Sr. (1874–1956) who was chairman and CEO of International Business Machines (IBM) in 1943 had him as saying: “I think there is a world market for maybe five computers.” There are no recorded speeches nor documents that providence evidence for this as a quote from Watson. Indeed, the…
  • Bait and Switch – a song

    David Bradley
    17 Jan 2015 | 8:59 am
    Don’t worry, you’re not going to be Rickrolled, despite the song title ;-) Songs of Experience by Dave Bradley Words and music by Dave Bradley, vocals, guitar, bass, percussion dB Bait and switch There was a key under-the-mat, but you changed all the locks There was a note deep in your pocket, but no stamp for the box I saw a light up in your room, but your heart was like stone And though you strayed out of the gloom, there was nobody home There was a seed inside the pot, but no water for the bloom There was food there on the table, but no taste in the room You wore a smile and a…
  • Message in a Bottle – The Police (Cover song)

    David Bradley
    13 Jan 2015 | 7:18 am
    One of my favourite riffs from one of my favourite guitar players, the rarely revered Andy Summers, he has a long, long history dating back to the psychedelia of the 1960s (Soft Machine and many others, much of it LSD fuelled according to his autobiography). Summers is best known for his time with The Police of course, alongside Sting (who hails from my hometown near Newcastle and was given his nickname by my sister’s friend’s Dad!) and drummer Stewart Copeland. Anyway, this is me doubling vocals (one at the original song pitch, falsetto in the background and the melody again an…
  • Sunrise still later after Winter Solstice

    David Bradley
    21 Dec 2014 | 2:00 am
    Several people asked me about the odd phenomenon that in these here parts sunrise gets later each day until early January even though the days themselves get longer after the winter solstice. From EarthSky: The winter solstice always brings the shortest day to the Northern Hemisphere and the longest day to the Southern Hemisphere. But, the tardiest sunrise doesn’t coincide with the day on which the sun is above the horizon for the shortest time, least daylight hours; similarly, the latest sunsets don’t happen on the day of greatest daylight. Why is this? The main reason is that the…
  • No news is good news

    David Bradley
    5 Dec 2014 | 9:22 am
    Depending on whether or not you’re a pessimist or an optimist, either the aphorism “no news is good news” holds true or the maxim “all publicity is good publicity” is more accurate. But, could whether news is good or bad be self-perpetuating, particularly in terms of business and financial news? UK researchers have analysed the impact of the financial crisis that began in 2008 by looking at news output in terms of company chair financial statements for the period 2006 to 2010 for financial companies. The regression analysis by Khaled Hussainey of the Plymouth…
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  • Should Cold Sufferers Wear Medical Masks?

    QUEST Staff
    22 Jan 2015 | 3:06 pm
    Source: DoNow Science Tags: featured, full-image
  • Napa Wineries Face Global Warming

    Gabriela Quirós
    6 Jan 2015 | 7:00 am
      As revelers uncorked wine bottles to celebrate the holidays and ring in the New Year, more of them were celebrating with a glass of California-grown Pinot Noir than a decade ago. But the growing market for this complex, subtle wine could soon run up against climate conditions that make it increasingly difficult to grow top-quality wines in the state, especially ones that do best in cool climates, like Pinot Noir. “Pinot Noir is being grown in hot areas of California where it doesn’t grow so well,” said Andrew Walker, professor of viticulture at the University of California,…
  • SkyTEM Aquifer Mapping

    Gary Hochman
    5 Jan 2015 | 7:00 am
      Fill up a glass of water to quench your thirst. Wonder where it comes from? Chances are it’s from underground water sources called aquifers, which provide fresh water for most people on Earth. Unlike highly visible rivers and streams or lakes and ponds, aquifers are beneath the surface, so finding them is tricky University of Nebraska hydrogeologist Jim Goeke shows how a rocky outcrop is a model for understanding an aquifer. But water scientists, like University of Nebraska hydrogeologist Jim Goeke, know where to look for clues to groundwater deposits. Goeke took us to a rocky…
  • Why I Do Science: Kandis Elliot

    Andy Soth
    30 Dec 2014 | 7:00 am
    Plant Modifications poster by Kandis Elliot. Click on the image for a larger size. Kandis Elliot didn’t think she’d make art her profession. “When I was in high school and thinking of a career, we were told back then that you can't make a living as an artist and if you're smart enough you go into the sciences,” said Elliot. She was smart enough- and interested enough- in the sciences to graduate from the University of Wisconsin with a BA in biology and Masters in zoology. “In all these courses I drew like crazy without letting too many people see these drawings,” she…
  • Scary Tsunamis

    Sheraz Sadiq
    26 Dec 2014 | 7:00 am
      Ten years ago this week, a massive earthquake in the Indian Ocean off Sumatra triggered a tsunami that killed more than 230,000 people in Indonesia, Sri Lanka, Thailand and other countries. Six years later, another huge quake – with a magnitude 9.0, the fourth largest in the world since 1900 – erupted off the east coast of Japan. It caused another devastating tsunami that generated waves rising to more than 100 feet tall. Buildings and homes were toppled and hundreds of thousands of people were evacuated as the flooding water caused a meltdown at the Fukushima nuclear power…
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    As Many Exceptions As Rules

  • Crawling To The Top

    28 Jan 2015 | 5:00 am
    Biology concepts – characteristics of animals, undulipodia, gametes, nematodes, roundworms, Yes, a sponge is an animal – just like a barracuda, a platypus or a that weird nephew of yours. They are multicellular, loosely organized into a couple tissues, and eat other organisms. You can see how they filter feed in this demonstration. Not so different from that nephew.Sponges and birds – they’re both animals, but would you know it to look at them? Sponges are sessile (except for the exceptions), and birds can’t breathe under water (no exceptions). Birds eat worms and lay eggs – most…
  • Evolving A Second Job

    21 Jan 2015 | 4:45 am
    Biology concepts – protein moonlighting, undulipodia, evolution, basal body, centriole, GAPDH, intraflagellar transport Today’s post is on a multitasking cell structure. This would make Alton Brown proud, since he hates tools that do only one thing. The University of Miami of Florida football team runs through fire extinguisher blasts when they enter the stadium – maybe Alton can find a second use for his.Alton Brown from Food Network hates a unitasker. He wants all his kitchen tools to have more than one function – I least I think it’s just his kitchen tools. But he might just as…
  • Everybody In The Gene Pool - Plants That Swim

    14 Jan 2015 | 5:00 am
    Biology concepts – botany, taxonomy, alternation of generations, cycad, gametophyte, sporophyte, gametes, motility, ginkgo, archegonium, antheridium In the LOTR The Two Towers we find the tree herders that can move on their own despite being plants. Today’s exception is a version of this, if on a much smaller scale. There are a few types of trees that have motile parts; they don’t rely on wind, gravity, insects or anything else to move from one place to another.Plants are divided up into many categories, and few people agree completely on the groupings. I’ve got a new grouping –…
  • The Fungus And The Frog

    7 Jan 2015 | 5:00 am
    Biology concepts – common descent, evolution, direct descent, fungi, undulipodia, amphibians, phylogenetics THIS IS NOT HOW EVOLUTION OCCURS!! What this animation implies is that one type of animal became another type of animal. It shows a chimp becoming a human. If so, how come there are still chimps? This suggests direct descent with adaptation and this is a fallacy. What is correct is that the animals shown did all share a common ancestor at some point.The first life on Earth is a mystery to us. Our best guess right now states that whatever it was, it showed up about 3.5-3.7 billion…
  • It May Be A New Year, But It’s The Same Old Brain

    31 Dec 2014 | 5:00 am
    Biology concepts – learning, habit, long term potentiation, neural plasticity50% of Americans will make at least one New Year resolution, but a quarter of them won’t even make it one week before relapsing. However, those who write down a resolution are much more likely to make changes than those who don’t make a specific demand of themselves.I swear, this year I’m going to get these posts written a month in advance. Really, I mean it this time. I know I said the same thing last year, but this time I’ve got a plan in place –- yeah, sure. Biology is stacked against me here; making…
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    Laboratory News » News

  • Star dust key for life in the universe

    29 Jan 2015 | 12:00 am
    New research demonstrates how star dust – the remnants of exploded stars – plays a role in the formation of life-supporting planets. A research team from the University of Surrey and the University of Beihang used a gamma-ray microscope to observe the formation of isotopes of certain chemicals such as samarium and gadolinium. The work published in the journal Physical Review Letters, will help scientists trace the way stars explode and understand the origins of the heavy elements that are needed to support life in the universe. Understanding the formation of heavy elements during…
  • New method for establishing the age of stars

    28 Jan 2015 | 12:00 am
    After measuring the spin of 30 stars, astronomers have found a way to use rotation and mass in order to derive their precise ages.  The team, from Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics, used data from NASA’s Kepler spacecraft to measure the spin of stars by observing the changes in the brightnesses caused by dark spots on the surface. “Our goal is to construct a clock that can measure accurate and precise ages of stars from their spins. We’ve taken another significant step forward in building that clock,” said research leader Dr Soren Meibom of the…
  • Earth science takes on breast cancer

    28 Jan 2015 | 12:00 am
    Earth scientists have developed a method of zinc detection in breast tissue that they hope will allow early breast cancer diagnosis. The research team at Oxford University used trace metal analysis, usually applied in earth sciences, to investigate the processes of metals in the human body. The researchers showed that changes in the isotopic composition of zinc, detected in breast tissue, could be a biomarker of early breast cancer. Research leader Dr Fiona Larner of Oxford University’s Department of Earth Sciences said: “It has been known for over a decade that breast cancer tissues…
  • Easier measurement of cosmos with ‘standard ruler’

    27 Jan 2015 | 12:00 am
    Researchers have used data from astronomical surveys to measure large distances in the Universe rather than theoretical calculations. Scientists from Imperial College London and the University of Barcelona used current data from astronomical surveys to measure the standard ruler, which has a known size and is used to measure long distances in the universe. Prof Alan Heavens at the Imperial College London said: “Our research suggests that current methods for measuring distance in the Universe are more complicated than they need to be. “Traditionally in cosmology, general relativity plays a…
  • Computer model offers clues for reward based behaviours

    23 Jan 2015 | 12:00 am
    Scientists have developed computer models to demonstrate the selective brain actions triggered by reward. A research team from the University of Sheffield and the University of Manchester used in vitro and behavioural data from animals to build the computer models. These models show how several brain signals work together in the selection of rewarded actions and suppress unrewarded ones. Leader of the research Dr Mark Humphries from The University of Manchester said: “We wanted to look at how we learn from feedback – particularly how we learn to associate actions to new unexpected…
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    Breaking Science News from SciGuru Science News

  • Growing functioning brain tissue in 3D

    30 Jan 2015 | 7:50 am
    Researchers at the RIKEN Center for Developmental Biology in Japan have succeeded in inducing human embryonic stem cells to self-organize into a three-dimensional structure similar to the cerebellum, providing tantalizing clues in the quest to recreate neural structures in the laboratory. One of the primary goals of stem-cell research is to be able to replace damaged body parts with tissues...
  • Hot on the trail of the hepatitis-liver cancer connection

    30 Jan 2015 | 7:42 am
    Using whole genomic sequencing, scientists from RIKEN in Japan have for the first time demonstrated the profound effect that chronic hepatitis infection and inflammation can have on the genetic mutations found in tumors of the liver, potentially paving the way to a better understanding of the mechanisms through which these chronic infections can lead to cancer. Primary liver cancer is the...
  • Magnet Replaces the Scalpel for Treating Kids with Early-Onset Scoliosis

    30 Jan 2015 | 7:33 am
    Pediatric orthopedic surgeons at Columbia are using a new device with magnetic technology that avoids the need for multiple spine-lengthening surgeries to correct early-onset scoliosis, a severe curvature of the spine in young children.
  • Scientists discover how a "mini-brain" in the spinal cord aids in balance

    30 Jan 2015 | 7:26 am
    Walking across an icy parking lot in winter–and remaining upright–takes intense concentration. But a new discovery suggests that much of the balancing act that our bodies perform when faced with such a task happens unconsciously, thanks to a cluster of neurons in our spinal cord that function as a “mini-brain” to integrate sensory information and make the necessary...
  • Using a single molecule to create a new magnetic field sensor

    30 Jan 2015 | 6:53 am
    Researchers at the University of Liverpool and University College London (UCL) have shown a new way to use a single molecule as a magnetic field sensor. In a study, published in Nature Nanotechnology, the team shows how magnetism can manipulate the way electricity flows through a single molecule, a key step that could enable the development of magnetic field sensors for hard drives that are a...
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    Citizen Science Center

  • Is there a doctor in the house?

    Chandra Clarke
    19 Jan 2015 | 6:28 am
    Photo Credit: Opensource Handbook of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology Project: NanoDoc Some video games want you to kill invaders from space. Others want you to blow up gems or fruit. NanoDoc wants you to help kill tumors. As the name implies, NanoDoc is a game designed to have members of the public help design new “nanoparticle” strategies to treat cancer. A nanoparticle is a teeny-tiny particle, anywhere from 1 to 100 nanometers in size, and a nanometer is one-billionth of a meter. Nanomedicine is a newer branch of medicine that focuses on using nanotechnology to deliver drugs in a…
  • Some Citizen Science Predictions

    Chandra Clarke
    5 Jan 2015 | 7:22 am
    I’ve been covering the citizen science movement for a very long time now; indeed, I’ve been writing about citizen science in one form or another since before it was really a movement. Recently, I sat down and had a think about what I had seen in the past, as well as some of trends that I’ve been noticing. Today, I’m going to review some of those and also go out on a limb with some predictions as to where I see citizen science heading. It’s Definitely a Thing, Now In the last three or so years, I’ve noticed a sharp increase in the amount of mainstream…
  • Can You Spot a City?

    Chandra Clarke
    18 Dec 2014 | 7:43 am
    The researchers at the Extragalactic Astrophysics and Astronomical Instrumentation Group at the Universidad Coplutense de Madrid need your help to georeference the position of cities that appear in ISS images. According to Jose Gomez Castano, the “Lost at Night” project is part of a study of light pollution and the energy consumption derived from it. “We use images taken from the International Space Station as part of our investigations, provided by Earth Science and Remote Sensing Unit, NASA-Johnson Space Center,” says Castano. “To compare the images with the…
  • Are you up for a challenge?

    Chandra Clarke
    12 Dec 2014 | 11:00 am
    Many of the citizen science projects covered on this site are designed to allow anyone to participate. This week, I have one that is designed to pique the interest of those of you in IT: the computer scientists, the developers, and the people who like to think in terms of big data, algorithms, and artificial intelligence. In the Climate Resilience Data Challenge, the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), the National Aeronautics and Space Agency (NASA) and the United States Geological Survey (USGS) want to know how you want to access the boat-loads of data they have…
  • The Mysterious Rakali

    Chandra Clarke
    3 Dec 2014 | 8:14 pm
    A bitty rakali. (Photo credit JJ Harrison via Wikimedia Commons) Here’s your excuse to go and visit Australia: The World Wildlife Federation (WWF) needs your help to learn more about a shy and little known water rat called the rakali. The WWF and the Western Australia Department of Parks and Wildlife have launched a citizen science effort called “The Rakali Community” to collect more information about the rodent, in order to better understand where they live, and how populations might be faring. “Rakali are mysterious, shy creatures, so it can be difficult to study…
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    Breaking Science News |

  • NASA’s Hubble Sees Starburst Galaxy NGC 7714
    30 Jan 2015 | 7:12 am
    Astronomers using NASA’s Hubble Space Telescope have obtained a remarkable new view of the galaxy NGC 7714. NGC 7714, also catalogued as Markarian 538, is a peculiar galaxy located in the constellation Pisces, approximately 129 million light-years away. Together with its companion, known as NGC 7715, the galaxy forms the interacting system Arp 284, which [...]
  • Northern Cardinal with Half-Male, Half-Female Plumage Spotted in Rock Island, Illinois
    30 Jan 2015 | 4:17 am
    This Northern Cardinal (Cardinalis cardinalis) has female plumage on its right, and male plumage on its left, a condition known as bilateral gynandromorph. Bilateral gynandromorphy is a condition in which one half of a bird’s body appears as a female and the opposite half appears as a male. Often, the left side is female and [...]
  • NASA’s Cassini Observes Interaction of Titan with Supersonic Solar Wind
    30 Jan 2015 | 2:24 am
    Scientists analyzing data from NASA’s Cassini spacecraft have found that Titan – the largest moon of Saturn and the only moon in the Solar System with a dense atmosphere – behaves much like Venus, Mars or a comet when exposed to the superfast solar wind. “We observed that Titan interacts with the solar wind very [...]
  • LOFAR Radio Telescope Observes Messier 82 (Cigar Galaxy)
    29 Jan 2015 | 2:01 pm
    The Low Frequency Array (LOFAR) radio telescope has been used to observe the glowing center of the starburst galaxy Messier 82 at very long radio wavelengths. Messier 82, also known as NGC 3034 or the Cigar Galaxy, is an irregular galaxy located in the northern constellation Ursa Major, about 12 million light-years away. The galaxy, [...]
  • Extrasolar Gas Giants Can Become Potentially Habitable Super-Earths, Say Scientists
    29 Jan 2015 | 12:10 pm
    Two phenomena known to inhibit the potential habitability of planets – tidal forces and vigorous stellar activity – could combine to transform uninhabitable gas giants into potentially habitable terrestrial planets, says a group of scientists led by Rodrigo Luger from the University of Washington, Seattle. Most of the stars in the Milky Way Galaxy are [...]
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    Labguru Blog

  • 10 Reasons to Ditch Paper and Switch to Electronic Lab Notbooks

    Labguru Staff
    17 Jan 2015 | 10:16 pm
    Electronic lab notebooks (ELNs) were created to solve a number of limitations that scientists face when using traditional paper notebooks to track the progress of their research. Nonetheless, academic and government labs have not significantly shifted from traditional lab notebooks. On the other hand, about 1/3rd of the biopharmaceutical industry has reported that it has adopted the electronic notebook as its method for recording and maintaining data. Though the familiarity of paper lab notebooks makes them attractive to scientists, many other reported advantages, such as portability, ease of…
  • 5 Ways Google+ Can Advance Your Research Career

    Labguru Staff
    4 Jan 2015 | 2:27 am
    Google+ never became quite as popular as Facebook, Twitter, and other social media outlets. So if you're already struggling to keep up with your social media accounts, it's easy to write Google+ off as just one more time waster. But if Facebook is the place to share family photos and Twitter is the spot to spout off witty one-liners, Google+ is the place for grown-ups to network, engage in substantive discussion, and capitalize on the fledgling social network's impressive array of features. Once you get the hang of things, you may just find that Google+ proves almost as invaluable as your…
  • Impact of Open Data Movement on Data Management and Publishing

    Amy Kallmerten
    28 Oct 2014 | 1:42 am
    “If I have seen a little further it is by standing on the shoulders of Giants.” When Sir Issac Newton wrote this in a letter to his rival, he actually had borrowed the phrase itself. Whether or not this quote predates John of Salisbury in the 12th century is not known, but the most commonly used version is: “We are like dwarfs sitting on the shoulders of giants. We see more, and things that are distant, than they did, not because our sight is superior or because we are taller than that, but because they raise us up and by their great stature add to ours.” The open access movement…
  • 4 Ways to Reliably Reproduce Research

    Josh Phillipson
    23 Oct 2014 | 8:34 am
    Copyright Recent studies indicate that at least 70% of certain types of research (particularly around life sciences) is not reproducible. Funders, reviewers, and researchers are increasingly demanding improved processes to improve reproducibility rates. Rather than just talking about the problem, we'd like to share some practical effective tips for improving your lab's research reproducibility. Click below to view the webinar recorded Oct. 29, 2014, and join the discussion! Watch the webinar now!
  • Super Mario, Minions, and Labguru

    Josh Phillipson
    5 Oct 2014 | 2:39 am
    Earlier this week, we released a new plate element to Labguru's experiments and protocols modules. We claimed it's versatile and powerful. Did we mention it's also fun? Check out Stas's plate art: Want to try your hand at plate art? Signup for a Labguru trial, open a project, add a plate to an experiment procedure, then share your results in the comments below!
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    Just Science

  • 33 Simple Ways to Keep Your Dog Busy Indoors

    28 Jan 2015 | 12:09 pm
    Living in Michigan during the winter means it’s dark by 5 pm and too cold for long outdoor walks with my dog. I’ve had to improvise and come up with all sorts of games and activities to keep my dog mentally and physically exercised during these cold… The post 33 Simple Ways to Keep Your Dog Busy Indoors appeared first on Just Science.
  • Top 10 Motivational Quotes for Writers by Writers

    28 Jan 2015 | 12:07 pm
    Do you consider yourself a writer? It’s interesting that as a serious blogger you must create unique, interesting, and informative blog content, so it would be a natural assumption to think that serious bloggers consider themselves writers. But that’s… The post Top 10 Motivational Quotes for Writers by Writers appeared first on Just Science.
  • What if your feelings were scientifically measurable?

    28 Jan 2015 | 12:04 pm
    When I walked into the historic, townhouse storefront in downtown Frederick, the smell of essential oils immediately relaxed me. Kileigh handed me two, sky-blue, plastic foot coverings to slip over my shoes. She then guided me to the salt cave in the… The post What if your feelings were scientifically measurable? appeared first on Just Science.
  • How to learn almost anything

    12 Jan 2015 | 9:06 am
    I came across the following TED talk “How to learn a new language: 7 secrets from TED Translators” The link is here This is such a good guide to learning I have adapted it for anything anyone wants to learn. See what you think. Get real. Decide on a… The post How to learn almost anything appeared first on Just Science.
  • STEM Interest: How Can I Help?

    6 Jan 2015 | 9:28 am
    I have wanted to write something for quite a while but have not had the proper inspiration (or motivation). When in doubt, go with your recurring thoughts. For me, this includes interest in the STEM fields locally or globally via the internet.   I recently did a search for local STEM organizations that I could volunteer my time or efforts. Knoxville, however, is not really considered a STEM-Mecca. Actually, I did not find a single NPO focusing on science. This was not a huge shock, but it was a huge disappointment. I know I am not the only Ph.D.-strapped person in the area who could…
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  • Earth Creation – The Story So Far…

    27 Jan 2015 | 8:12 am
    Earth is Born Our planet has existed for 4.5 billion years, and it has been a busy lifetime.  From amazing leaps and bounds forward into evolution to devastating asteroid impacts and other episodic extinctions, here are the biggest milestones in Earth's history - the eventful journey that shaped our World today.  Earth grew from a cloud of dust and rocks orbiting a young star - our Sun.  Earth formed when some of these rocks eventually collided. In the end, they became massive enough to attract other rocks with the force of gravity, and started vacuuming up all the nearby junk,…
  • Fanning the Flames with the Pyrotron – Act of God?

    20 Jan 2015 | 5:45 am
    Red Hot Hell Fire Research No other country on Earth has more bushfires than Australia.  Bush fires spread quickly destroying everything in their path and they are extremely difficult for fire brigades to control.  At the CSIRO in Yarralumla, researchers are using their Pyrotron - a combustion wind tunnel - to provide them with a unique insight into how fire behaves in the Australian bush. Frequent events during the hotter months of the year, the fires occur due to the scorching climate of the Australian continent.  With the size, intensity and frequency of large bushfires predicted…
  • Don’t Shoot, I Just Blog Here! – I Am Charlie.

    11 Jan 2015 | 10:09 am
    Je Suis Charlie.  Let's Talk! I don't do politics - much.  I just blog here...  I have an honest opinion.  Mostly, I tend to disagree with all those who try to suppress opinions, ideas, and attempt to stifle creativity and common sense... whoever they may be.  Unfortunately, once in a while, events are so traumatic that I simply forget that I don't do politics...  Voil I am not sure how many of you out there actually knew those Charlie Hebdo cartoons, but if you're easily offended...  DON'T read further!! Ooops!  Too…
  • Thermodynamics and Entropy – Our Irreversible Universe

    5 Jan 2015 | 1:40 pm
    Irreversibility A friend of mine once casually asked me over a drink: "What is entropy?"  Eeep!  Tricky question.  Interesting concept.  But...  How do you define entropy in a non-mathematical way?  How can you sum up entropy in 30 seconds?  In one mental image.  In a single concept...  In one word.  A form of energy?  A measure of disorder in the Universe?  Randomness?  All of the above? In Science, a process that is not reversible is called 'irreversible'.  Okay, so far...  It's pretty much what you would intuitively expect.  The concept arises most frequently in the…
  • The Ion Propulsion System – What the… #!$@*!!

    30 Dec 2014 | 4:50 pm
    "That's Star Trek stuff!" ... is pretty much the bemused reaction you'll get if you allow yourself to answer casual questions about science over a drink with a non-physicist.  AB-SO-LUTE disbelief.  Your fault!  Shouldn't have gone there...  Pretend you didn't hear the question...  Especially if the answer is ion propulsion!   Stick to the mundane.  Yawn.  Most people only smile at the idea of new technologies.  Some get angry because they think you're having a joke.  Even though you know that it may sounds like SciFi,…
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    FiveThirtyEight » Science | FiveThirtyEight

  • The Queen Of Code

    Allison McCann
    28 Jan 2015 | 8:00 am
    You probably don’t know the name Grace Hopper, but you should.As a rear admiral in the U.S. Navy, Hopper worked on the first computer, the Harvard Mark 1. And she headed the team that created the first compiler, which led to the creation of COBOL, a programming language that by the year 2000 accounted for 70 percent of all actively used code. Passing away in 1992, she left behind an inimitable legacy as a brilliant programmer and pioneering woman in male-dominated fields. Hopper’s story is told in “The Queen of Code,” directed by Gillian Jacobs (of “Community”…
  • Men, Those Tightie Whities Really Are Killing Your Sperm Count

    Emily Oster
    27 Jan 2015 | 8:45 am
    A few weeks ago, I wrote a story on the relationship (or lack thereof) between cellphone use and brain tumors. Afterward, I received a number of emails from men who said, more or less: Forget about the brain tumors. What I really want to know is whether leaving my cellphone in my pocket is affecting my sperm.This is hardly the only sperm-related concern, and there are plenty of rumors about what does and does not affect male fertility. For example, does wearing tight underwear reduce sperm count?I polled some FiveThirtyEight staff members, and some of my friends, about what they’ve…
  • Big Blizzards Have Become More Common In New York

    Nate Silver
    26 Jan 2015 | 8:28 am
    It’s snowing less in New York, and it’s snowing more. Let me explain.If you read my colleague Harry Enten’s Sunday piece — or if you’ve been living in New York for the past few years — you’ll know that the city has recently endured some awful snowstorms. Of the top 10 snowfalls on record at Central Park dating to 1869, five have occurred since 2003. This week, they could be joined by a blizzard dubbed Winter Storm Juno.So, has New York become snowier? I downloaded Central Park’s daily snowfall totals for the past 100 winters (1914-15 through 2013-14) from the…
  • Why The CDC And FDA Are Telling You Two Different Things About Flu Drugs

    Christie Aschwanden
    21 Jan 2015 | 3:01 am
    You’re coughing, you’re congested, and your head hurts. You’re achy and feverish, and your throat is killing you. A quick Google search reveals that you probably have the flu. What’s your next move? You could call in sick and quarantine yourself at home while you nurse your symptoms with cough drops, an over-the-counter remedy, chicken soup and a Netflix binge. Or you could go to your doctor and get a prescription for an antiviral influenza drug, something like Tamiflu.The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention recommends the latter approach.The CDC released figures Thursday…
  • Computers Are Learning How To Treat Illnesses By Playing Poker And Atari

    Oliver Roeder
    20 Jan 2015 | 3:58 am
    You’ve got to know when to hold ‘em. Know when to fold ‘em. And know when to walk away because the game you’re playing has been rendered trivial by an advanced algorithm.Poker has been solved. Michael Bowling, a computer science professor at the University of Alberta — along with co-authors Neil Burch, Michael Johanson and Oskari Tammelin — published findings to that effect earlier this month in the journal Science. For a specific poker game — heads-up limit hold ‘em — a computer algorithm is now indistinguishable from perfect.What’s more, the…
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  • Fecal Prints- An unexpected Solution?

    Ellie Pownall
    21 Jan 2015 | 12:06 pm
    Photo credit:Marcelo Terraza Microbes have dominated earth’s ecology for at least the past 3.5 billion years. They play a vital role in the planet’s carbon cycle by digesting organic matter. Fecal prints of microbes have the potential to carry vital information such as the planets temperature, greenhouse gas composition and how oxygen levels have changed through time. The fecal thatch[1] of other animals such as Beetle Larva (Hemisphaerota cyanea) helps to show scientists the steps of evolution throughout hundreds of year, Thomas and Maria Eisner found that “The Hemisphaerotalarva is…
  • The Hot Mountain

    Alakananda Mookerjee
    15 Jan 2015 | 9:21 am
    Back in the mid-1980s, I and my family had lived in Uganda for a while, in the very year president Milton Obote was overthrown by a military regime. Caught in the intermittent crossfire between the militia and government forces, we could easily have been hit by whizzing bullets. We were lucky. We were able to make it out of Kampala, the capital, safely, before it fell to the rebels. We’d escaped trouble by a whisker. But after having read Richard Preston’s “The Hot Zone, I began to wonder that dangerous as the coup d’état had been, it was a pathogen that could have proved far…
  • African Soil- The New Future?

    Ellie Pownall
    13 Jan 2015 | 10:16 am
    The 2014 Africa Progress Panel report presents the two faces of Africa: robust economic growth and continuing poverty.  The agricultural sector of Africa has always been an asset, with the large space’s to produce crops; agriculture contributes to 60% of all employment of Africa’s Labour force. Yet, because of low productivity the sector accounts for only 25% of the continents gross domestic product (GDP)[1]. However, Africa’s growth has been extremely rapid with Sub-Saharan Africa accounting for a six of the world’s 10 most rapidly growing economies[2]; it seems there is a…
  • Redesigning Life

    Ellie Pownall
    26 Dec 2014 | 2:28 pm
    Back in 2010, the Venter lab announced they had synthesized the entire set of DNA (with some changes) from the bacterium Mycoplasma mycoides in the lab. Even more remarkably, they transplanted this artificial genome into a different species of bacteria, Mycoplasma capricolum, and this bacterium was transformed into Mycoplasma mycoides. They had now essentially created life in the lab. This technology has improved even further seeing many great scientific achievements during 2014,  such as the comet landing in November, the vow against animal poaching, and the redesigning life scheme…
  • Where Was Earth’s Water Born?

    Alakananda Mookerjee
    11 Dec 2014 | 1:02 pm
    Photo:Comet 67/P Copyright:ESA/Rosetta/NAVCAM The question of where all of Earth’s water came from has been a scientific puzzle. It was long presumed that the planet wasn’t born with it, but that it appeared some 700 million years later—likely from comets. But data sent back by Rosetta from comet 67/P refutes that theory, reports The New York Times. The water on it—which exists in the form of ice and vapor—is different from terrestrial water. That water has thrice the concentration of “heavy water” (a form of water in which its hydrogen is replaced by deuterium, a heavier…
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    Draw Science


    Viputheshwar Sitaraman
    25 Jan 2015 | 2:36 pm
    Thomas CrouzierFounderConnected ResearchersViputheshwar SitaramanFounder, BloggerDraw Science.FigShare: Crouzier, Thomas; co, Julia (2014): Mucus, it's snot what you think. figshare.

    Viputheshwar Sitaraman
    21 Jan 2015 | 6:24 am
    Viputheshwar SitaramanFounder, BloggerDraw Science.Article: Genta, G. (2014). Private space exploration: A new way for starting a spacefaring society? Acta Astronautica, 104 (2), 480-486 DOI: 10.1016/j.actaastro.2014.04.008

    Viputheshwar Sitaraman
    4 Jan 2015 | 2:36 pm
    Viputheshwar SitaramanFounder, BloggerDraw Science.Article: Qiu, X., Wong, G., Audet, J., Bello, A., Fernando, L., Alimonti, J., Fausther-Bovendo, H., Wei, H., Aviles, J., Hiatt, E., Johnson, A., Morton, J., Swope, K., Bohorov, O., Bohorova, N., Goodman, C., Kim, D., Pauly, M., Velasco, J., Pettitt, J., Olinger, G., Whaley, K., Xu, B., Strong, J., Zeitlin, L., & Kobinger, G. (2014). Reversion of advanced Ebola virus disease in nonhuman primates with ZMapp Nature, 514 (7520), 47-53 DOI: 10.1038/nature13777[Full Text (PDF)]Labbé, C., & Labbé, D. (2012). Duplicate…

    Viputheshwar Sitaraman
    21 Dec 2014 | 11:35 pm
    Viputheshwar SitaramanFounder, BloggerDraw Science.Article: Collinger, J., Wodlinger, B., Downey, J., Wang, W., Tyler-Kabara, E., Weber, D., McMorland, A., Velliste, M., Boninger, M., & Schwartz, A. (2013). High-performance neuroprosthetic control by an individual with tetraplegia The Lancet, 381 (9866), 557-564 DOI: 10.1016/S0140-6736(12)61816-9

    Viputheshwar Sitaraman
    7 Dec 2014 | 2:23 pm
    Viputheshwar SitaramanFounder, BloggerDraw Science.Article: Holmes, D., Ripple, A., & Manheimer, M. (2013). Energy-Efficient Superconducting Computing—Power Budgets and Requirements IEEE Transactions on Applied Superconductivity, 23 (3), 1701610-1701610 DOI: 10.1109/TASC.2013.2244634
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    AweSci - Science Everyday

  • Your Pet Might not Be Dead

    Anupum Pant
    29 Jan 2015 | 9:35 am
    By Anupum Pant Ok, so you have a hamster as a pet, a Syrian Hamster maybe. One fine winter morning you wake up and find your pet frozen to death. Is it really dead? That shouldn’t have happened, it wasn’t even a month old, right? Right. If you stumble upon a hamster, especially a Syrian hamster that looks like it has died, it probably hasn’t. Before starting its funeral process, please check well. Hamsters have a nice furry coat but they feel the cold too. And come on people, Syrian ones are from a warm part of the world. They haven’t already evolved to adjust to the…
  • The Natural Lemonade

    Anupum Pant
    28 Jan 2015 | 9:35 am
    By Anupum Pant In the past we’ve seen the chocolate pudding fruit. Today, it is the lemonade fruit – A fruit that right off the tree tastes like lemonade. It is a popular tree in  New Zealand and Australia, and is also seen growing in some orchards of the USA. However, it is not very commercially popular yet. A lemonade fruit looks a lot like lemon. That is because it is a cross between a navel orange and a lemon, first grown fairly recently, in the 80s. When ripe, it turns yellowish and is nicely segmented inside. Also, they have soft skins and can be peeled with great ease.
  • Liquid Telescopes

    Anupum Pant
    27 Jan 2015 | 9:35 am
    By Anupum Pant Take a glossy black ceramic bowl and fill it with water. Now place it in the middle of a rotating wheel. What do you get? Thanks to the complex play of centrifugal forces creating a gradient of forces as the function of radius, with earth’s gravity also doing its part, you get a parabolic shaped water surface. If this liquid you use is a liquid metal like mercury, or Gallium (at slightly higher temperatures), you’d have a parabolic mirror in a bowl. Depending on the speed of your rotation, you can adjust the focal length of the mirror. That’s because the…
  • The Deadly Grapefruit

    Anupum Pant
    26 Jan 2015 | 9:35 am
    By Anupum Pant You won’t believe me if I said that a grapefruit can be lethal. It’s true and there’s absolute scientific proof that drinking a glass full of grapefruit with some drugs can cause some serious complications, and even sudden death. The number of drugs that make a lethal combination with grapefruit was only 17 till a few years back, but the number is rapidly rising. In 2012 the number went up to 43. Taking in these 43 drugs with a glass full of grapefruit juice can all have some serious side effects – ranging from stomach bleeds, altered heart beat,…
  • The Lightbulb Conspiracy

    Anupum Pant
    25 Jan 2015 | 9:35 am
    By Anupum Pant Rising technology brings with it a series of strange quirks and cartels, in this case. It’s important that we be aware of these things, not to save ourselves from them, but just for the sake of knowing how strange secrets remain secrets for decades. Wonder what all must be happening out there right now. In 1924 a group of people from around the world met in Geneva to make a decision that would shake the whole world for years, without it even having a tiny idea about what had happened. These were representatives from the world’s top lightbulb making companies, Osram,…
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    Pioneer Scientific

  • Direct Reprogramming of cells in stem cell technology

    James Maliakal
    27 Jan 2015 | 5:24 pm
    One of the significant developments in the life science research has been to take embryonic and adult fibroblasts and reprogram them into pluripotent stem cells. These pluripotent cells can be differentiated into other cell types such as neural cells, cardiomyocytes … read more
  • The Evolution of Sequencing Technology and its Impact on Health Care

    James Maliakal
    10 Sep 2014 | 8:26 pm
    DNA sequencing technology is at the core of the modern personalized medicine. DNA from various cancer cells of the patients can be sequenced very rapidly, efficiently and cost effectively. This in turn improves diagnosis and prognosis accuracy with a better … read more
  • High Content Analysis – A Powerful Tool for Basic Research and Drug Discovery

    James Maliakal
    4 Jul 2014 | 11:46 am
    High content analysis (HCA) is a versatile tool used in basic research, primary screen for drug discovery efforts where the effect of certain drug compounds are tested on the cells, or target identification, and predicting clinical outcomes. High content analysis … read more
  • Revolutionary Transformation of HealthCare by a Small California Company – A Pioneer Scientific Customer

    James Maliakal
    27 Jun 2014 | 6:34 am
    Away from the limelight, press coverage and noise, a small California company has been hard at work in transforming the health care industry. Decades old established procedures and practices dominated by large national laboratories which are still in use today, … read more
  • Things You Need to Know About Cell Culture Part I

    James Maliakal
    18 Jun 2014 | 7:57 pm
    Cell culture involves isolation of cells from an animal, or plant and culturing in a dish in a favorable growth conditions for the cells. Cells can be isolated from a tissue including human normal or tumor origin by enzymatic digestion … read more
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    OMNI Reboot

  • OMNI Magazine January 1987: Predicting The Future

    Esther Kim
    29 Jan 2015 | 1:00 pm
    14 great minds predict the future in the January 1987 issue of OMNI Magazine. When 14 of the greatest minds are asked to predict what the future will look like in 2007 you inevitably end up with drastically various results. Looking into the future is often like charting unexplored territory. It creates great exhilaration and immense uncertainty. The historic currents of our time and the directions in which they are taking America certainly call for something like an explorer's strength, understanding, and boundless optimism. Continued below. To introduce our readers to the holographic dazzle…
  • The Evolution And Future Of Sex In Video Games

    Melissa Weyland
    29 Jan 2015 | 9:00 am
    The future evolution of video games will be fully immersive, allowing players to have sex with their characters. Immersive technologies, such as the Oculus Rift and Microsoft's Hololens, may mean video games and sex will never come out from between the sheets. The video game industry has had a rocky relationship with depictions of sexual acts. While HBO's Game of Thrones and the BDSM-filled novel Fifty Shades of Grey [NSFW]are flaccid topics in casual conversation, video games including sexual acts cause legislators to stand erect in bipartisan union and rabble-rouse about the state of…
  • Sci-Fi Artists: Chris Moore Painted Parallel Universes

    Edward Simmons
    28 Jan 2015 | 5:23 pm
    Chris Moore is a titan of sci-fi art, with work that gave life to the parallel universes of novels by the likes of Philip K. Dick and Isaac Asimov. Written By EDWARD SIMMONS Having worked for several exhibitions merging the universes of science and art, Simmons is no stranger to the beauty of nature. Simmons now works for OMNI Reboot as a freelance curator, allowing him to pursue his passion for natural photography. Chris Moore is a titan of art, having painted works that mirror the masterful prose presented in the science fiction novels he painted for. His paintings have graced the covers…
  • Remembering Project Gemini

    John Foley
    28 Jan 2015 | 9:00 am
    Project Gemini was the second series of manned space flights in NASA's history, beginning in June of 1965. The program was announced in January 1962 and given its name by its two-man crew, after the third constellation of the Zodiac and its twin stars, Castor and Pollux. Gemini involved 12 flighs. NASA intended for the flights to test the effects of prolonged space travel on humans. Spacewalks became an intricate part of the Gemini program, leading NASA to devote much time and effort to redesigning the iconic space suits.The post Remembering Project Gemini appeared first on OMNI Reboot.
  • David Duchovny Signed Mulder Action Figure From The X-Files

    Esther Kim
    28 Jan 2015 | 5:00 am
    David Duchovny signed a mint condition Mulder action figure from The X-Files during New York Comic Con 2013. Measuring 12 inches, the model is a perfect 1/6 scale representation of the seemingly crazy FBI agent operating at the fringe of science.The post David Duchovny Signed Mulder Action Figure From The X-Files appeared first on OMNI Reboot.
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    Top stories

  • Scientists use stem cells to grow new hair

    29 Jan 2015 | 5:49 pm
    In a new study from Sanford-Burnham Medical Research Institute (Sanford-Burnham), researchers have used human pluripotent stem cells to generate new hair. The study represents the first step toward the development of a cell-based treatment for people with hair loss. In the United States alone, more than 40 million men and 21 million women are affected by hair loss. The research was published online in PLOS One yesterday. Subject:  Health & Medicine
  • Binge TV watching linked to feelings of loneliness and depression

    29 Jan 2015 | 5:44 pm
    It seems harmless: getting settled in for a night of marathon session for a favorite TV show, like House of Cards. But why do we binge-watch TV, and can it really be harmless? A recent study by researchers at the University of Texas at Austin found that the more lonely and depressed you are, the more likely you are to binge-watch. Subject:  Brain & Behavior
  • Decoding sugar addiction

    29 Jan 2015 | 5:37 pm
    Separate neural circuits control sugar cravings and healthy eating, researchers find. Together, obesity and Type 2 diabetes rank among our nation’s greatest health problem, and they largely result from what many call an “addiction” to sugar. But solving this problem is more complicated than solving drug addiction, because it requires reducing the drive to eat unhealthy foods without affecting the desire to eat healthy foods when hungry. Subject:  Brain & Behavior
  • Oral therapy could treat peanut allergies

    29 Jan 2015 | 5:14 pm
    Researchers from Murdoch Childrens Research Institute have successfully trialled a treatment for peanut allergies that could potentially provide a long term cure for allergy sufferers. Over 60 peanut allergic children in the study were either given a dose of a probiotic, Lactobacillus rhamnosus, together with peanut protein in increasing amounts, or a placebo over 18 months to assess whether children would become tolerant to peanut. Subject:  Health & Medicine
  • Generating Möbius strips of light

    29 Jan 2015 | 5:07 pm
    A collaboration between researchers from Canada, Europe, and the United States has experimentally produced Möbius strips from the polarization of light, confirming a theoretical prediction that it is possible for light’s electromagnetic field to assume this peculiar shape. Subject:  Technology
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    The Vision Times » Science

  • Scientists Film a Laser Light Path and It’s Awesome (Video)

    Troy Oakes
    29 Jan 2015 | 6:32 pm
    For the first time ever, scientists have film of a laser flight path. Shot at 20 billion frames per second, this clip has been slowed down so we can see It. But Lasers are hard to see and that’s where a team of physicists led by Genevieve Gariepy from Heriot-Watt University in the UK help out. They used a specially built super-high-speed camera, capable of detecting single photons. “The challenge was to have a movie of light moving directly in air,” Gariepy’s team built a camera that uses a 32-by-32 grid of photon detectors, which record the light particles at a speed…
  • Is This the New Age of Portable Computers? (Video)

    Troy Oakes
    29 Jan 2015 | 6:17 pm
    Polish engineers have developed a mouse that has a fully-functioning computer inside that you can hold in your hand. It’s called the “Mouse-Box” and is still at the prototype stage, and they are looking for funding to get it into production. All you need is a screen and keyboard and you’re ready to go to work, the prototype is fully functional. The official site says “… Mouse-Box, a computer different than ever before. An incredible combination of the two most important elements in a computer set – a computer and a mouse.” Inside the mouse you get, four core 1.4…
  • Have We Found the Next Planet Earth? (Video)

    Troy Oakes
    29 Jan 2015 | 5:50 pm
    Using NASA’s Kepler Space Telescope, astronomers have found the first Earth size planet with a star that is close enough to it, that may allow water to pool on the surface. The discovery of Kepler-186f shows that planets the size of Earth exist and have stars that can make it livable. “The discovery of Kepler-186f is a significant step toward finding worlds like our planet Earth,” said Paul Hertz, NASA’s Astrophysics Division director at the agency’s headquarters in Washington.” The size of Kepler-186f is known, its mass and composition are not. But previous…
  • 2015 Blizzard in the North-East United States (Video)

    Troy Oakes
    29 Jan 2015 | 5:00 pm
    NASA Astronaut Terry Virts, aboard the International Space Station, took Some amazing footage of the 2015 blizzard in the North-East United States during a night pass Wednesday, Jan. 28, as he was 260 miles overhead. This time-lapse video shows the International Space Station track from Washington, D.C., over Baltimore to New York City and Boston. The video also shows lightning and a bit of aurora. Virts is a member of the Expedition 42 crew aboard the station, and has been in space since Nov. 23, 2014. It really is amazing footage from space, Maybe not so good if you are on the ground!
  • How Would You Like to Own a Car That Runs on Air and Water?

    John Andress
    28 Jan 2015 | 11:30 am
    There are cars that run on gasoline, diesel, ethanol, LNG, hydrogen, compressed air, and electricity. The problem with electric cars in particular is the limited range they can travel on a charge, along with the weight and expense of the batteries. An Israeli-based technology company called Phinergy, whose CEO is Aviv Tzidon, has developed a new type of aluminum battery that uses air and water to recharge normal lithium ion batteries, which extends the range of an electric car up to 1,000 miles, well ahead of any other electric cars on the road. These batteries are also very light weight…
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    Evolution Talk

  • Erasmus Darwin

    Rick Coste
    26 Jan 2015 | 2:33 am
    Evolution Talk Evolution Talk - The Oldest Story Ever Told Erasmus was a country physician. He believed that women should have access to the same education that men did, and that slavery should be abolished. He also believed that life evolved from a single filament that wiggled out of the mud in the distant past. The post Erasmus Darwin appeared first on Evolution Talk.
  • Hutton’s Hypothesis

    Rick Coste
    19 Jan 2015 | 2:00 am
    Evolution Talk Evolution Talk - The Oldest Story Ever Told James Hutton saw the power of natural selection, but he didn’t see how it could eventually, over vast spans of time, mold an animal into something completely different. That would have to wait until Charles Darwin entered the scene over 50 years later. The post Hutton’s Hypothesis appeared first on Evolution Talk.
  • Diderot’s Dream – Updated

    Rick Coste
    12 Jan 2015 | 4:30 am
    Evolution Talk Evolution Talk - The Oldest Story Ever Told Diderot devoured the written word. It was food for his mind and he couldn’t get enough of it. He was ravenous when it came to ideas. Especially when those The post Diderot’s Dream – Updated appeared first on Evolution Talk.
  • Of Mermaids and Men

    Rick Coste
    5 Jan 2015 | 2:39 am
    Evolution Talk Evolution Talk - The Oldest Story Ever Told Benoit de Maillet believed that life, all life, came from the sea. And not only did it come from the sea, but it continued to evolve into different species as it encountered different environments. To present these ideas would be dangerous to him so he wrote it as a work of fiction called Telliamed. The post Of Mermaids and Men appeared first on Evolution Talk.
  • Lucretius – Evolution’s Poet

    Rick Coste
    29 Dec 2014 | 3:07 am
    Evolution Talk Evolution Talk - The Oldest Story Ever Told In the first century BC the Roman poet Lucretius wrote  […] The post Lucretius – Evolution’s Poet appeared first on Evolution Talk.
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    Arivu Dose - அறிவு டோஸ்

  • உலகிலேயே மிக ஆழமான ஏரி

    Niroshan Thillainathan
    29 Jan 2015 | 7:00 pm
    ஏரியானது சுத்தமான தண்ணீரை தன்னுள் சேகரித்து வைத்திருக்கும் ஒரு சேமிப்பு கிடங்கு போன்றது. இவ்வுலகில் பல ஆண்டு காலமாக நிறைய ஏரிகள் இருந்து வருகிறது. இந்த ஏரிகள், மனிதனுக்கு குடிநீர் வழங்கும் ஓர் பயனுள்ள வேலையைச் […] The post…
  • காப்பி குடிக்கும் பழக்கத்தின் நன்மையும், தீமையும்

    Niroshan Thillainathan
    25 Jan 2015 | 7:00 pm
    காப்பி நம் வாழ்வின் ஓர் அங்கம் ஆகிவிட்டது. ஒருவேளை காப்பி அருந்தவில்லை என்றாலும் நம் உடம்பில் சில மாற்றங்கள் ஏற்படுவதை நாம் உணர்ந்திருப்போம். ஆனால் அதனுடைய சில தாக்கங்களை அறிவீர்களா? காலையில் காப்பி அருந்துவது…
  • மரம் ஏறும் மட்ஸ்கீப்பர் மீன்கள்

    Niroshan Thillainathan
    18 Jan 2015 | 7:00 am
    மீன்களால் மரம் ஏற முடியுமா? சரி சரி, இது கேட்பதற்கே ஆச்சரியமாகத் தான் இருக்கிறது. இருந்தாலும் கேட்கிறேன், மீன்களால் மரம் ஏற முடியுமா? பலர் இந்தக் கேள்விக்குப் பதிலாக, மீனால் எப்படி மரம் ஏற முடியும் […] The post மரம் ஏறும்…
  • ஆய்வகத்தில் உருவாக்கிய உறுப்பினை விலங்கில் வளர்த்து அசத்திய விஞ்ஞானிகள்

    Niroshan Thillainathan
    14 Jan 2015 | 7:00 pm
    இதயத்திற்கு அருகில் ‘தைமஸ்’ எனப்படும் ஒரு உறுப்பு உள்ளது. இது உடலில் ஏற்படும் நோய்களில் இருந்து நம்மைக் காத்துக்கொள்வதற்கு எதிர்ப்பு சக்தியினை உருவாக்கும் வல்லமை படைத்தது. ஆனால் ஒரு சிலருக்கு இதில் பிரச்சனைகள் இருக்க…
  • குழந்தைகளின் நினைவுத்திறனில் ஒரு புதிய கண்டுபிடிப்பு

    Niroshan Thillainathan
    10 Jan 2015 | 7:00 am
    நாம் சின்ன வயதில் இருக்கும்போது கணக்குப் பாடம் படிப்பதற்கு விரலைப் பயன்படுத்தி வந்தோம், ஆனால் கொஞ்சம் பெரியவர்களானவுடன் அந்தச் செயல்பாடு குறைந்துவந்து ஒரு காலகட்டத்தில் எந்த விரல்களையும் பயன்படுத்தாமலேயே கணிதத்தினை…
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  • Caenagnathasia martinsoni, a Paleo Profile

    Brian Switek
    28 Jan 2015 | 1:40 pm
    Not very much is known of Caenagnathasia. Three sets of lower jaw bones – like this one, seen from the top, bottom, and side – are the primary bones yet known. From Sues and Averianov, 2014. Name: Caenagnathasia martinsoni Meaning: Caenagnathasia combines the group this dinosaur belonged to – the caenagnathids – with Asia, where it once lived. The species name honours invertebrate palaeontologist Gerbert Genrikhovich Martinson. Age: Cretaceous, around 90 million years ago. Where in the world?: The Bissekty Formation of Uzbekistan’s Kyzylkum Desert. Size: About…
  • Earth Beasts Awaken – An Interview With Brian Engh

    Brian Switek
    21 Jan 2015 | 7:13 pm
    Part of the fun of dinosaurs is that some of them seem so monstrous. Their skeletons come in all sorts of awesome shapes and sizes, so it’s not terribly surprising that filmmakers have been turning to dinosaurs for inspiration with fictional monsters for decades. (After all, what’s Godzilla but a theropod with Stegosaurus plates and more than a touch of radioactivity about him?) And among all the monsters out there, Brian Engh‘s fossil-inspired creatures for his Earth Beasts Awaken music video series have most recently caught my eye. Brian Engh‘s Earth Beast Awakens…
  • Scutellosaurus lawleri, a Paleo Profile

    Brian Switek
    16 Jan 2015 | 5:49 pm
    Scutellosaurus, one of the earliest and most adorable armoured dinosaurs.Photographed at the Dinosaur Discovery Site, by Brian Switek. Name: Scutellosaurus lawleri Meaning: Scutellosaurus means “little shield lizard”, while lawleri honours David Lawler, who collected the first known skeleton of the dinosaur. Age: Jurassic, around 196 million years ago. Where in the world?: Arizona Size: About 4 feet long. How much of the dinosaur’s body is known?: A pair of partial skeletons, including many osteoderms, but lacking most of the skull. Claim to fame: Scutellosaurus was one of…
  • Why Aren’t Mammals as Big as Giant Dinosaurs?

    Brian Switek
    14 Jan 2015 | 11:44 am
    Not all dinosaurs were giants, but, all the same, their ranks included the largest animals ever to walk the Earth. Supersaurus, Argentinosaurus, Futalognkosaurus, and more – these huge sauropod dinosaurs stretched over 100 feet long and weighed upwards of 45 tons, depending on the species. ‘Stormy Clouds, New Horizons’ by Mark Witton No land-dwelling mammal has ever gotten close to such sizes. The biggest – a hornless rhino named Paraceratherium – was about 25 feet long and topped out around 20 tons. Why should this be so? Have mammals not evolved to the full…
  • Alaska’s Dinosaurs Went With the Flow

    Brian Switek
    8 Jan 2015 | 3:07 pm
    Dinosaurs got buried in all sorts of ways. Their bodies were covered by lake sediment, engulfed by quicksand, encrusted by marine life, and more. But one of the most spectacular burials of all took place in the Cretaceous high Arctic, where scores of juvenile dinosaurs were buried together. A diagram of a mass dinosaur burial in Alaska, showing layers of plants and bones that spilled over the prehistoric floodplain. From Flaig et al, 2014. University of Texas geologist Peter Flaig and colleagues have laid out what happened in a new PALAIOS paper. Around 69 million years ago, on land now…
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    The Science Post

  • Two More Planets Beyond Pluto?

    18 Jan 2015 | 3:15 am
    A recently published study suggests at least two more planets may be circling the sun far beyond the orbit of Pluto. To determine this, researchers analyzed celestial bodies beyond Neptune, including regions of space in the Kuiper Belt, the scattered disk, and the Oort cloud. Scientists looked The post Two More Planets Beyond Pluto? appeared first on The Science Post.
  • 2014 Was Officially the Warmest Year on Record

    17 Jan 2015 | 3:15 am
    Since the beginning of 2015, many different sources have claimed 2014 to be the warmest year on record. However, there had been some speculation. If you’d like to read about that, click here. According to the NOAA’s (National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration) global analysis report The post 2014 Was Officially the Warmest Year on Record appeared first on The Science Post.
  • Can Drinking Green Tea Fight Cancer?

    16 Jan 2015 | 3:15 am
    A common belief among millions of people is that drinking green tea can actually prevent cancer. But can it? Many different types of cancers have much lower rates in Asia, where green tea consumption is much higher. Is this just a coincidence? Why people use The post Can Drinking Green Tea Fight Cancer? appeared first on The Science Post.
  • Biggest Star in the Universe?

    15 Jan 2015 | 3:15 am
    Our own sun has a circumference of almost 3,000,000 miles, but that’s tiny compared so many stars. To put this in comparison, the Earth has a circumference of only about 25,000 miles. But think of it this way. If the sun were the size of The post Biggest Star in the Universe? appeared first on The Science Post.
  • Was 2014 Really the Warmest Year on Record?

    14 Jan 2015 | 3:15 am
    With the arrival of 2015, you might have heard many news stories with titles like “2014 – Hottest Year Yet”. It was thought that 2014 was the warmest year on record. But some are skeptical. So if it wasn’t first, then where does it fall on The post Was 2014 Really the Warmest Year on Record? appeared first on The Science Post.
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  • Treat Diabetes using Modified Probiotic Bacteria

    The Toombst
    29 Jan 2015 | 5:17 pm
    ByThe Toombst Bacteria, either our best friend or our worst enemy. New research finds that it might be possible to treat diabetes using modified probiotic bacteria. Diabetes, a disease that makes you unable to control your blood sugar. This is caused by either the destruction of cells producing the hormone insulin or a gradual loss of sensitivity to this hormone. Both of these forms of diabetes can be treated with different pharmaceuticals or lifestyle changes. Treating the disease with drugs, like insulin injections, can’t match the precision of the body’s own blood sugar…
  • A New Way to Kill Multidrug-Resistant Bacteria

    The Toombst
    28 Jan 2015 | 10:45 pm
    ByThe Toombst The time of multidrug-resistant super-bacteria might be coming to an end. New research have found a small protein in viral toxin-resistant bacteria that can kill multidrug-resistant bacteria. Using antibiotics breeds resistance by introducing a so-called selection marker into a population of bacteria. This is bad news for us since we’ve become dependent on being able to kill disease-causing bacteria in the last 60 years. Until very recently finding new effective antibiotics seemed like a pipe dream. Other ways to combat resistance is needed to defeat the threat posed by…
  • Violent Psychopaths’ Brains are unable to understand Punishment

    The Toombst
    28 Jan 2015 | 4:28 pm
    ByThe Toombst A new study using MRI scans to investigate violent psychopaths’ brains find that abnormalities in their brains prevent them from learning from punishments, adjusting their behavior. Psychopaths, or people with a psychopathic disorder, are people that differ from the rest of us by displaying antisocial behavior, a reduced ability for empathy and lacking inhibitions. This disorder doesn’t automatically mean violence, but previous studies have shown that violence are more likely to come from people who have this disorder. New research from University of Montreal suggest…
  • Curing Peanut Allergies with a Probiotic

    The Toombst
    27 Jan 2015 | 11:24 pm
    ByThe Toombst Researchers find a possible way of curing peanut allergies by using large doses of a certain kind of probiotic. Earlier studies have found that gut bacteria can greatly affect many areas of our health. Our immune system, food cravings and even some other types of behaviors. A previous study have shown that mice are more likely to develop peanut allergies if they don’t have certain types of gut bacteria. Now new research from Murdoch Childrens Research Institute find that curing peanut allergies might be possible by giving large doses of a probiotic. Curing Peanut Allergies…
  • Stomach Acid-Powered Micromotors

    The Toombst
    27 Jan 2015 | 7:44 pm
    ByThe Toombst Researchers have conducted the first tests of stomach acid-powered micromotors in living animals. The tiny motors might one day offer a more effective and safer way to deliver drugs. We are evolving our engineering skill more with every day that passes. As we get more adept in making smaller and smaller construct we open new possibilities of diagnosing diseases and delivering drugs inside our bodies. New advances in nanotech have made new treatment approaches possible and resulted in better ways to treat or diagnose diseases. New research from University of California –…
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    Secondhand Science

  • Tumor Suppressor

    25 Jan 2015 | 8:56 pm
    What I’ve Learned: “Tumor suppressor: I’m no hero; I’m just doing my job.” Fighting evil isn’t all it’s cracked up to be. First of all, it’s hard. Evil is basically everywhere outside of Walt Disney World, so there’s always another battle on hand. Also, evil is fiendishly creative. Just when you think you have it in check, it’ll pop up behind you, tenting its fingers and snarling, “Excellent.” But the worst part about fighting evil is that you’ll never be recognized for anything else. That must get old for heroes.
  • Trans-Neptunian Objects

    17 Jan 2015 | 9:37 pm
    What I’ve Learned: “Trans-Neptunian objects: Stuck where the sun don’t shine (very much).” In the beginning, there was the Earth. Meaning, that’s the first solar system object humans knew about, mostly because we kept tripping and falling face-first onto it. Early humans weren’t particularly coordinated. The sun was also pretty hard to miss, what with the light and heat and occasional scary eclipses. By the 2nd century B.C., eagle-eyed up-gazers had also spotted Mercury, Venus, Mars, Jupiter and Saturn. Not bad for people who didn’t have a…
  • DNA Origami

    11 Jan 2015 | 2:12 pm
    What I’ve Learned: “DNA origami: when you’re done with your genes, fold ‘em up.” You may be familiar with origami, the ancient Japanese art of paper folding. In modern Western society, origami usually pops up in one of three places: fancy folded paper in art classes I’m not talented enough to get into fancy folded napkins in restaurants I can’t get reservations for fancy folded towels in hotels I can’t afford Needless to say, I don’t have a lot of origami experience. However. Clever scientists — who presumably can’t get into…
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  • Viajar barato : las 16 ciudades más baratas de Centro y Sur América Parte II

    29 Jan 2015 | 10:59 am
    Está es una continuación del artículo ... Viajar barato : las 16 ciudades más baratas de Centro y Sur América Parte I9 - Santiago, Chile Siendo una de las ciudades más largas de Sur América, no es sorpresa que Santiago no sea tan barata como otras ciudades, pero continua siendo una gran ganga comparada con casi cualquier sitio en Norte América o Europa. Es a menudo solo un punto de partida para otras ciudades y lugares de interés en Chile, y la gran mayoría de los otros sitios tienden a ser incluso más baratos.Moneda: Peso ChilenoHostal bueno/barato: Landay…
  • Viajar barato : las 16 ciudades más baratas de Centro y Sur América Parte I

    29 Jan 2015 | 10:50 am
    Al momento de planear nuestro viajes siempre el presupuesto es una de las cosas más importantes por eso para viajar barato siempre es bueno tener una idea de cuanto nos costaría un día en la ciudad en ese sitio al que queremos ir, para poder programar nuestro itinerario. Sur y Centro América a veces son olvidadas por los residentes del resto del mundo, pero los viajeros experimentados siguen llegando a está región por una gran variedad de razones. Además de su cultura y sus excelentes paisajes, todo el área es bastante económica para los estándares internacionales, al menos ya…
  • Escultor Japones muestra como convierte simples trosos de madera en en esculturas surrealistas

    29 Jan 2015 | 9:10 am
    Estas esculturas surrealistas de madera hechas por el escultor Japones Yoshitoshi Kanemaki se veran mucho más impresionantes una vez veas todo el trabajo que le tomo hacerlas. Para una de sus últimas esculturas, una chica con 12 caras, Kanemi creo una serie de fotos que muestran el progreso de la escultura  desde el tosco tronco hasta la obra de arte totalmente terminada.Gracias a las líneas de referencia que dibuja en el tronco puede ir tallando y recortando gradualmente el tronco con cinceles y sierras, vamos a ver como una representación de una chica extraña emerge de un tronco…
  • Descubre el primer brazalete 'wearable' realmente útil, Leatherman Tread descubre todas sus funciones

    28 Jan 2015 | 9:45 am
    Puede que no comprendas lo realmente útil e indispensable es una pulsera Leatherman, o cualquier herramienta con múltiples propósitos, a menos que hayas cargado alguna por un tiempo. Obviamente, el Presidente de Leatherman Ben Rivera es muy aficionado a estás herramientas multi propósito, pero una de estas causo un pequeño problema cuando intento pasar las puertas de Disneylandia mientras estaba de vacaciones con su familia. Por razones obvias, la seguridad allí no deja a la gente cargar cuchillos dentro del parque. Entonces después de dejar su herramienta de vuelta en la habitación…
  • Amber, una niña de solo 8 años es objeto de bullying en la escuela. ¿Sabes que hizo su hermano que no lo soportó mas?

    28 Jan 2015 | 9:30 am
    Su nombre es Amber, ella es una niña de apenas 8 años de edad, y al igual que muchos otros niños en el mundo, son objetivos de burlas y acosos en las escuelas por parte de los demás estudiantes. Ella es frecuentemente acosada por parte de los estudiantes de su escuela, hasta que su hermano Ryan lleno de dolor al ver como su hermana tiene que pasar estas cosas todos los días hizo algo al respecto para que dejaran de molestar a su hermanita. Tengo que decir que esta historia me ha tocado el alma, nunca pensé que Ryan fuese a hacer un gesto tan conmovedor.
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    Much Bigger Outside

  • The Crooked Lines of Mr. Newton

    Mario Barbatti
    25 Jan 2015 | 12:07 am
    Newton created his mechanics as something between an anti-atheist manifest and a treat of theology. Poor Sir Isaac, he had no idea he was gifting civilization with a major contribution to a godless world. Most of people think of space as an empty volume where things stand. Take all things out, the space would still be there. René Descartes wasn’t most of people. For him, space was only a relation between things, with no existence whatsoever. Thus, motion is always relative, as there is no absolute space framing the world. Moreover, Descartes believed that the universe was composed of…
  • The Science of “The End and the Life”

    Mario Barbatti
    10 Jan 2015 | 11:25 pm
    In the last post, I wrote a short fictional dialogue, where two colleagues, Edwin and Friedrich, discussed possible scenarios for the future of the universe. In this post, I want to come back to that topic to explore a bit of the science behind those ideas. 1. Cyclic Universe and Eternal Return The first scenario, proposed by Friedrich, was a cyclic universe with eternal return. Eternal return was a relatively popular concept in the 19th century. We find Nietzsche, Boltzmann, Poincaré, and other less shinning names–Dühring, Blanqui, Le Bon, Heine–speculating about it. The idea…
  • The End and the Life

    Mario Barbatti
    3 Jan 2015 | 11:35 pm
    Expanding universe, eternal return? Here it is my (short) fictional take on these speculative dreams. “Past time is finite, future time is infinite.” E. Hubble. “Everything has returned: Sirius and the spider, and your thoughts at this hour, and your thought that everything returns.” F. Nietzsche. He didn’t wait for the answer, the conclusion drew itself obvious to him. He said: “If the universe collapses, then it wouldn’t have time to give birth to your wonderful semi-eternal beings. If, in addition, the universe evolves through recurring cycles of…
  • To live is too dangerous

    Mario Barbatti
    20 Dec 2014 | 9:16 pm
    “I tell you, Sir, from all I lived: the most difficult deed isn’t a good being and an honest behaving. Really difficult is a defined knowing on what one wants, and having the power to go till the tail of the word.” From “The Devil to Pay in the Backlands,” Guimarães Rosa. For someone who spends his days in front of computer screens, his body is comically covered by scars. He could easily be mistaken for an unlucky war veteran or a goofy criminal. But each of those scars had the most banal and stupid reason for being. His left arm is crossed by two thick and long…
  • The greatest story ever told (in the northern hemisphere)

    Mario Barbatti
    5 Dec 2014 | 2:46 am
    I’m a southern-tropical guy. I grew up knowing two seasons only: hot and less hot. Christmas for me was always with sun shining and 35ºC outside. Then, I moved to Europe over one decade ago and everything changed. It’s September or October when we start to notice that the days are getting shorter, nights longer. By the end of December we just worship the few remaining hours of light. We fell like Calvin: I learned that there is a whole psychology connected to this season’s change. It’s October, we say “Shit, it’s 15ºC outside…”,  we wrap…
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    Johnson Matthey Technology Review

  • Guest Editorial: Introduction to Batteries at Johnson Matthey

    Johnson Matthey Technology Review
    13 Jan 2015 | 6:54 am
    It may surprise some readers to see an edition of this journal dedicated largely to lithium-ion batteries, but this is a technology that Johnson Matthey considers a major new business area for the company. Johnson Matthey has been involved in research and development (R&D) in the battery materials space for several years and launched its... The post Guest Editorial: Introduction to Batteries at Johnson Matthey appeared first on Johnson Matthey Technology Review.
  • Development of Low Temperature Three-Way Catalysts for Future Fuel Efficient Vehicles

    Johnson Matthey Technology Review
    13 Jan 2015 | 6:17 am
    Introduction Three-way catalysts (TWCs) have been widely applied on stoichiometric-burn gasoline engine powered vehicles to reduce the tailpipe emissions of hydrocarbons (HC), carbon monoxide (CO) and nitrogen oxides (NOx). A conventional TWC can convert the three pollutants at nearly 100% conversion efficiency once it reaches its operation temperature, typically above 400°C. As the exhaust temperature... The post Development of Low Temperature Three-Way Catalysts for Future Fuel Efficient Vehicles appeared first on Johnson Matthey Technology Review.
  • Johnson Matthey Highlights: January 2015

    Johnson Matthey Technology Review
    2 Jan 2015 | 8:01 am
    EMISSION CONTROL TECHNOLOGIES ‘Solid State Platinum Speciation from X-ray Absorption Spectroscopic Studies of Fresh and Road Aged Three Way and Diesel Vehicle Emission Control Catalysts’ T. I. Hyde and G. Sankar, in “Platinum Metals in the Environment”, eds. F. Zereini and C. L. S. Wiseman, Environmental Science and Engineering, Springer-Verlag Berlin, Heidelberg, Germany, 2015, pp.... The post Johnson Matthey Highlights: January 2015 appeared first on Johnson Matthey Technology Review.
  • 17th International Meeting on Lithium Batteries

    Johnson Matthey Technology Review
    2 Jan 2015 | 7:58 am
    1. Introduction Within the last 20 years, publication numbers in the field of lithium battery research have increased from a few hundred in the mid 1990s to more than 4500 publications in 2013 (Figure 1). It has grown to a major research topic, with many universities, state laboratories and commercial research and development (R&D) facilities... The post 17th International Meeting on Lithium Batteries appeared first on Johnson Matthey Technology Review.
  • In the Lab: Development of Carbon Based Electrochemical Sensors for Water Analysis

    Johnson Matthey Technology Review
    2 Jan 2015 | 7:37 am
    Julie Macpherson is a Professor in the Department of Chemistry at the University of Warwick, UK. Her research focuses on the development of sensors based on different forms of carbon, including conducting diamond, carbon nanotubes and graphene, with a range of applications in environmental monitoring, healthcare technologies and water research. She has published over 150... The post In the Lab: Development of Carbon Based Electrochemical Sensors for Water Analysis appeared first on Johnson Matthey Technology Review.
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